or Login to see your representatives.

Access Candidates' and Representatives' Biographies, Voting Records, Interest Group Ratings, Issue Positions, Public Statements, and Campaign Finances

Simply enter your zip code above to get to all of your candidates and representatives, or enter a name. Then, just click on the person you are interested in, and you can navigate to the categories of information we track for them.

James 'Jim' L. Oberstar

Jim Oberstar's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)

Full Name: James 'Jim' L. Oberstar
Gender: Male
Family: Wife: Jean; 6 Children: Ted, Noelle, Annie, Monica, Lindsey, Charlie
Birth Date: 09/10/1934
Birth Place: Chisholm, MN
Home City: Chisholm, MN
Religion: Roman Catholic
Project Vote Smart does not permit the use of its name or programs in any campaign activity, including advertising, debates, and speeches.
Jim Oberstar refused to tell citizens where he stands on any of the issues addressed in the 2010 Political Courage Test, despite repeated requests from Vote Smart, national media, and prominent political leaders.

What is the Political Courage Test?

Issue Positions

In response to the increasing unwillingness of candidates to answer issue questions, Project Vote Smart has researched Presidential and Congressional candidates' public records to determine candidates' likely responses on certain key issues. These issue positions, from the year 2010, are provided below as a courtesy to voters.

Pro-life Inferred Answer Abortion Issues: Do you consider yourself pro-choice or pro-life? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • NARAL Pro-Choice America. 2009. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. James Oberstar supported the interests of NARAL Pro-Choice America 25 percent in 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • National Right to Life Committee. 2009. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. James Oberstar supported the interests of the National Right to Life Committee 50 percent in 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Planned Parenthood. 2008. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. James Oberstar supported the interests of Planned Parenthood 31 percent in 2008. (votesmart.org)
  • James Oberstar. H Amdt 209 to HR 1815. 109th Congress. An amendment numbered 12 printed in House Report 109-96 to lift the current ban on privately funded abortions at U.S. military facilities overseas. Project Vote Smart Summary: James Oberstar voted NO on 25 May 2005. (votesmart.org)
  • James Oberstar. H Amdt 509 to HR 3962. 111th Congress. An amendment printed in Part C of House Report 111-330 to codify the Hyde Amendment in H.R. 3962. The amendment prohibits federal funds for abortion services in the public option. It also prohibits individuals who receive affordability credits from purchasing a plan that provides elective abortions. However, it allows individuals, both who receive affordability credits and who do not, to separately purchase with their own funds plans that cover elective abortions. It also clarifies that private plans may still offer elective abortions. Project Vote Smart Summary: James Oberstar voted YES on 7 November 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • James Oberstar. HR 3660. 106th Congress. To amend title 18, United States Code, to ban partial-birth abortions. Project Vote Smart Summary: James Oberstar voted YES on 4 May 2000. (votesmart.org)
  • James Oberstar. HR 760. 108th Congress. To prohibit the procedure commonly known as partial-birth abortion. Project Vote Smart Summary: James Oberstar voted YES on 4 June 2003. (votesmart.org)
  • James Oberstar. S 3. 108th Congress. A bill to prohibit the procedure commonly known as partial-birth abortion. Project Vote Smart Summary: James Oberstar voted YES on 2 October 2003. (votesmart.org)
  • James Oberstar. 2008. Project Vote Smart: Minnesota Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked in support of: "d) Abortions should be legal when the pregnancy resulted from incest or rape. e) Abortions should be legal when the life of the woman is endangered. g) Medicare, Medicaid, and federal subsidies should be prohibited from being used on abortion procedures."
  • James Oberstar. Issue Position: Abortion. I believe that society has an obligation to ensure that each of its members, including those least able to defend themselves, the unborn, has the fullest opportunity to lead a full, healthy, and productive life. I will continue to maintain my 100% voting record in defense of unborn human life, and to advocate the protection of unborn human life in supporting pro-life bills." (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Budget, Spending, and Tax Issues: Do you support the elimination of the federal estate tax? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • James Oberstar. 2008. Project Vote Smart: Minnesota Congressional Political Courage Test. Responded NO to: "Do you support the permanent repeal of the federal estate tax?"
  • National Taxpayers Union. 2009. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. James Oberstar supported the interests of the National Taxpayers Union 2 percent in 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • James Oberstar. HR 5638. 109th Congress. To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to increase the unified credit against the estate tax to an exclusion equivalent of $5,000,000 and to repeal the sunset provision for the estate and generation-skipping taxes, and for other purposes. Project Vote Smart Summary: James Oberstar voted NO on 22 June 2006. (votesmart.org)
  • James Oberstar. HR 8. 108th Congress. To make the repeal of the estate tax permanent. Project Vote Smart Summary: James Oberstar voted NO on 13 April 2005. (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Budget, Spending, and Tax Issues: Do you support using government funds in an effort to stimulate and improve the economy? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • James Oberstar. HR 1. 111th Congress. Making supplemental appropriations for job preservation and creation, infrastructure investment, energy efficiency and science, assistance to the unemployed, and State and local fiscal stabilization, for fiscal year ending September 30, 2009, and for other purposes. Project Vote Smart Summary: James Oberstar voted YES on 13 February 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • James Oberstar. HR 1424. 111th Congress. To provide authority for the Federal Government to purchase and insure certain types of troubled assets for the purposes of providing stability to and preventing disruption in the economy and financial system and protecting taxpayers, to amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to provide incentives for energy production and conservation, to extend certain expiring provisions, to provide individual income tax relief, and for other purposes. Project Vote Smart Summary: James Oberstar voted YES on 10 March 2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Club for Growth. 2008. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. James Oberstar supported the interests of the Club for Growth 0 percent in 2008. (votesmart.org)
  • James Oberstar. Oberstar Statement on Financial Crisis. 26 September 2008. "This week, Congress will move decisively to pass a bipartisan bill to address the extraordinary crisis in our financial markets. At stake is the ability of our nation's major financial institutions to continue operating in a manner that allows for growth in our economy. Without a rescue package, economic activity will slow to a crawl, and every American will be affected." (votesmart.org)
  • James Oberstar. Recovery Bill Will Generate Minnesota Jobs. 27 January 2009. "The Moody's report highlights how important it is to take bold action to deal with the recession before it becomes too severe,' said Oberstar. 'You must create jobs that pay a living wage to generate wealth and prosperity - this legislation does that. Building roads and bridges, fixing schools and educating young people not only generates employment in the short term, it lays the foundation of a strong economy in the long term." (votesmart.org)
  • James Oberstar. Stimulus Funds to Help Unemployed Minnesota Workers. 5 June 2009. "Steelworkers who are losing their jobs on the Iron Range did not cause this economic downturn, neither did the loggers, sales clerks, car dealership employees across Minnesota. They deserve a helping hand during tough times." (votesmart.org)
  • James Oberstar. Issue Position: Jobs and the Economy. "Jim's top priority is creating good paying jobs here in Minnesota. In the past year, Jim played an important role in passing legislation that created and saved up to 2.4 million jobs since 2009. As Chairman of the House Transportation and Infrastructure Committee he is pushing ahead with a transportation bill that will create 174,000 jobs in Minnesota, over six years, without adding a dime to the deficit. In 2009, Jim supported an increase in the minimum wage that added more than $5 billion in wages to the lowest income earners in America. In 2009, Jim worked to pass the Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act to ensure that women receive equal pay for equal work." (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Business and Employment Issues: Do you support privatizing elements of Social Security? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • James Oberstar. Issue Position: Medicare/Social Security. "Jim opposes privatization of Social Security and strongly supports protecting retirement security for Americans." (votesmart.org)
  • James Oberstar. Issue Position: Economy & Jobs. "I oppose on-going efforts to privatize Social Security. I am very concerned that proposals to invest Social Security funds in the private market will undermine the integrity of the Social Security system. Disparities between Social Security recipients would develop, which would put Social Security at risk when the market falters." (votesmart.org)
  • James Oberstar. New Trustees Report Clearly Demonstrates Social Security Faces a Challenge, Not a Crisis. 23 March 2005. "WASHINGTON-Today, in response to the release of the annual Social Security and Medicare Trustees Report, Congressman James L. Oberstar called on Republicans to abandon their risky plan to privatize Social Security and work with Democrats to address the challenge the Social Security program faces. The Republican privatization plan makes Social Security weaker, not stronger," Oberstar said. "Republicans have already spent every penny of the Trust Fund to finance tax breaks for the wealthy. Now they want to drain trillions of dollars away from Social Security and increase the debt. Republicans want the American people to pick up the tab, by slashing Social Security benefits and creating a risky scheme of private accounts that will leave seniors' retirement at the mercy of the stock market." (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Crime Issues: Do you support capital punishment for certain crimes? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • James Oberstar. H Amdt 497 to HR 2181. 105th Congress. An amendment to add a new section which provides that in further consideration of death sentence recommendations, life imprisonment shall be imposed instead, if the court has any doubt that a defendent actually committed the offense. Project Vote Smart Summary: James Oberstar voted YES on 25 February 1998. (votesmart.org)
  • James Oberstar. 2008. Minnesota Congressional Election 2008 Political Courage Test. Checked in support of: "b) Eliminate the use of the death penalty for federal crimes."
  • Citizens United for the Rehabilitation of Errants. 2005-2006. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. James Oberstar supported the interests of the Citizens United for the Rehabilitation of Errants 100 percent in 2005-2006. (votesmart.org)
  • James Oberstar. Issue Position: Judiciary. "I believe that we must have stiff penalties for those who commit violent crimes, but I do not feel the death penalty should be one of the options for either the federal government or the states. It has always been my strong belief that the government has no right to selectively take life away from one of its citizens. My feeling is that a life sentence without parole is a more just and moral punishment for convicted criminals. The State of Minnesota is a shining example of an effective criminal justice system without the death penalty." (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Education Issues: Do you support federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • James Oberstar. 2008. Project Vote Smart: Minnesota Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked in support of: "a) Support the federal government funding universal pre-K programs. b) Allow parents to use vouchers to send their children to any public school. d) Allow teachers and professionals to receive federal funding to establish charter or magnet schools. e) Increase funding for the Pell Grant program. f) Decrease interest rates of Stafford Loans. g) Support federal tax incentives to help families save for college. h) Ban university financial aid officers from owning stock in or accepting gifts from student loan lenders. i) Require universities to disclose financial relationships with lenders. j) Support federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students (No Child Left Behind)."
  • Home School Legal Defense Association. 1999-2000. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. James Oberstar supported the interests of the Home School Legal Defense Association 20 percent in 1999-2000. (votesmart.org)
  • James Oberstar. HR 1. 107th Congress. To close the achievement gap with accountability, flexibility, and choice, so that no child is left behind. Project Vote Smart Summary: James Oberstar voted YES on 23 May 2001. (votesmart.org)
  • James L. Oberstar. Issue Position: Education. "In addition to creating an unfunded mandate for local school districts, it has become clear that NCLB is not an ideal solution for accountability and education standards across the nation's school districts. Time and again, I hear from educators about the need for adjustments and increased flexibility within the law, especially regarding the formula used to calculate Annual Yearly Progress. NCLB is due for reauthorization in 2008. During this process I will work to ensure that the law becomes more effective and better reflects the realities in our schools." (votesmart.org)
  • James Oberstar. Issue Position: Education. "Jim believes that education is an investment in our future and we must ensure our children are prepared for the challenges of the 21st century . Jim fully supports early childhood education and has worked to strengthen our schools by supporting funding to prevent teacher layoffs and education cuts. Jim supports the goals of accountability and equality in education, but he believes the No Child Left Behind law is in need of reform. Jim has worked to pass legislation that makes higher education more affordable by lowering student loan interest rates, and increasing grants for low-income students." (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Environment and Energy Issues: Do you support enacting environmental regulations aimed at reducing the effects of climate change? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Environment America. 2009. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. James Oberstar supported the interests of Environment America 100 percent in 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • James Oberstar. HR 2454. 111th Congress. To create clean energy jobs, achieve energy independence, reduce global warming pollution and transition to a clean energy economy. Project Vote Smart Summary: James Oberstar voted YES on 26 June 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • James Oberstar. Issue Position: Energy & the Environment. "I have supported, and will continue to support, efforts to alleviate global warming. The reduction of greenhouse gasses and the search for sources of clean energy continues to be a high priority for me. As a member of the House Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Caucus, I strongly support the development and distribution of technology that can make energy generation clean and sustainable. An important step in controlling greenhouse emissions was the passage of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007. The new law strengthens Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards for the first time since 1975. The new standards require that new vehicles achieve about a 40 percent improvement in fuel economy by 2020. The law also requires the Secretary of Transportation to establish standards for each model year beginning with 2011." (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Gun Issues: Do you support restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • James Oberstar. HR 6842. 111th Congress. To restore Second Amendment rights in the District of Columbia. Project Vote Smart Summary: James Oberstar voted YES on 17 September 2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. 2003. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. James Oberstar supported the interests of the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence 25 percent from 1991 and 2003. (votesmart.org)
  • James Oberstar. HR 1025. 103rd Congress. To provide for a waiting period before the purchase of a handgun, and for the establishment of a national instant criminal background check system to be contacted by firearms dealers before the transfer of any firearm. Project Vote Smart Summary: James Oberstar voted NO on 10 November 1993. (votesmart.org)
  • Gun Owners of America. 2010. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. In 2010 Gun Owners of America gave James Oberstar a grade of D-. (votesmart.org)
  • James Oberstar. HR 4296. 103rd Congress. To make unlawful the transfer or possession of assault weapons. Project Vote Smart Summary: James Oberstar voted NO on 5 May 1994. (votesmart.org)
  • James Oberstar. Issue Position: Guns. "I support the Second Amendment rights of law-abiding citizens and believe we should not punish those who obey the law by denying them the right to purchase and own firearms for lawful purposes. I also favor realistic and effective efforts to keep guns out of the hands of criminals, including efforts to weed out illegal gun sales - especially illegal sales to minors. Individuals who use guns in committing a crime should face strong and effective penalties. Child-safety locks, strict penalties for those caught selling weapons to minors, and more vigorous education and safety programs are examples of initiatives that can, and should, be undertaken." (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Health Issues: Do you support a publicly-administered health insurance option? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • American Public Health Association. 2009. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. James Oberstar supported the interests of the American Public Health Association 89 percent in 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • James Oberstar. HR 3962. 111th Congress. To provide affordable, quality health care for all Americans and reduce the growth in health care spending, and for other purposes. Project Vote Smart Summary: James Oberstar voted YES on 7 November 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • James Oberstar. Obama's Health Care Speech Inspires Congress. 10 September 2009. "Tonight, President Obama made a ringing appeal for reform of our health insurance sector, inspiring the Democratic base in Congress and throughout the country. He directly attacked the egregious myths about health reform and called them what they are -- "lies." The President was very specific, as he needed to be: there are no death panels in this bill, no coverage of illegal immigrants and no funding of abortion. He promised to hold insurance company bureaucrats accountable for corporate abuses such as denying policy holders coverage in order to improve corporate profits. He was also very specific about protections in the bill, if you move, change your job, lose your job, or even start you own small business, you should not lose your health insurance. Those are protections in this bill." (votesmart.org)
  • James Oberstar. Oberstar Supports Three Key Bills to Cover Over Half of America's Uninsured. 2 May, 2006. "I am fighting this year to try to ensure that Congress moves forward on this legislation, so that quality health coverage becomes available to millions more Americans. It should be one of our highest priorities." (votesmart.org)
  • James Oberstar. Issue Position: Healthcare. "Jim supported the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act that will expand coverage and provide quality, affordable health care for all Americans. The law bars insurance companies from discriminating based on pre-existing conditions, health status, or gender; creates competitive marketplaces where individuals and small businesses can buy affordable health care coverage; and provides families and small businesses with the largest tax cut for health care in history. Recognizing that 65 million Americans live in communities where they cannot easily access a primary care provider, the law makes key investments in the health care workforce by incentivizing them to work in underserved, rural areas." (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Immigration Issues: Do you support a pathway to citizenship for illegal immigrants? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • James Oberstar. 2008. Project Vote Smart: Minnesota Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked in support of: "c) Support a temporary worker program. d) Support harsher financial punishments for those who knowingly employ illegal immigrants. g) Illegal immigrants should be given a pathway to citizenship. h) Support merit-based visas over family-based visas."
  • Federation for American Immigration Reform. 2007-2008. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. James Oberstar supported the interests of the Federation for American Immigration Reform 8 percent in 2007-2008. (votesmart.org)
  • National Latino Congreso. 2007-2010. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. James Oberstar supported the interests of the National Latino Congreso 60 percent in 2007-2010. (votesmart.org)
  • James Oberstar. Issue Position: Immigration Reform. "A number of members of Congress have proposed legislation that creates "a path to citizenship" and a new guest worker program that legally allows workers to come into the United States for a job and then return home. While these efforts would help address some labor in agriculture and probably allow for better accounting of who is actually in our country, I cannot support such initiatives unless they meet some basic criteria. First they must not reward illegal conduct; there must be a penalty for an alien who has entered the United States illegally. Second, admissions of these aliens must not increase the backlog for others who are attempting to enter the United States by legal means. Last, there must be additional funding to speed up processing for those seeking immigration by legal means." (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer International Policy Issues: Do you support United States military action in Afghanistan? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • James Oberstar. Oberstar Statement on Obama's Afghanistan Speech. 1 December 2009. "This was President Obama's most poignant and forceful speech to date - he made a strong, intellectual case for expanding the U.S. presence in Afghanistan, stating clearly what the augmented force will do. He also made a compelling emotional appeal for stepping up the fight based on the attacks of September 11th, 2001. By personally addressing the cadets of West Point and acknowledging the sacrifice they are willing to make on our behalf, President Obama demonstrated that he is aware of the profound human costs of this ongoing military engagement. I was impressed with the fact that he laid out a timetable for withdrawal rather than basing it on conditions under which a drawdown would occur. The latter hedges the issue, while a timetable makes a commitment to accomplish the mission without delay. But he didn't say how we will pay for it, and because of that I will have to reserve judgment until we see what specific requests he will make to Congress and what the true cost will be to the American people. How does he propose to balance the expanded presence in Afghanistan against the desperate needs of our economy? Will an ongoing and expanded military presence in this region continue to be paid for as an off-budget, emergency expenditure, or will we identify how we will pay for it? This is reminiscent of when President Lyndon Johnson said that we could pursue an expanded role in Vietnam while maintaining a strong domestic economy. In the end, the war in Vietnam stifled the objectives of the Great Society. In pursuing both, we were not able to do either very well. I have serious concerns about how we will proceed with a continued, and expanded, military presence in Afghanistan, while we move ahead with an effective domestic agenda that meets the needs of our nation during the worst economic downturn since the Great Depression. Tonight, President Obama made a good start in addressing those concerns, but he has more work to do." (www.oberstar.house.gov)
  • Peace Action West. 2009. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. James Oberstar supported the interests of Peace Action West 69 percent in 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • James Oberstar. HR 4899. 111th Congress. Supplemental Appropriations Act. Project Vote Smart Summary: James Oberstar voted YES on Limiting Afghanistan Military Funding to Withdrawal and Other Specified Purposes on 1 July 2010. (votesmart.org)
  • James Oberstar. HR 4899. 111th Congress. Supplemental Appropriations Act. Project Vote Smart Summary: James Oberstar voted YES on Requiring Timetable for Withdrawal from Afghanistan on 1 July 2010. (votesmart.org)
  • James Oberstar. Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2010. 1 July 2010. "This $35 billion for Afghanistan is roughly equivalent to the amount in the Recovery Act for highways and transit. If instead of Afghanistan these funds were invested at home, we could do the equivalent of what we did in the Recovery Act, 35,000 lane-miles of highway improved; 1,262 bridges; 12,000 transit buses and rail passenger cars; 5,000 transit stations improved; and 1.3 million jobs that we've documented on our portion of the Recovery Act." (votesmart.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Social Issues: Should marriage only be between one man and one woman? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • James Oberstar. HR 3396. 103rd Congress. To define and protect the institution of marriage. Project Vote Smart Summary: James Oberstar voted YES on 12 July 1996. (votesmart.org)
  • James Oberstar. 2008. Minnesota Congressional Election 2008 Political Courage Test. Undecided: "a) Should same-sex couples be allowed to marry?" Responded NO to: "b) Do you support a federal constitutional amendment defining marriage as between a man and a woman?"
  • James Oberstar. Marriage Protection Act of 2004. 22 July 2004. "Mr. OBERSTAR. Mr. Speaker, I rise today in opposition to the so-called Marriage Protection Act (H.R. 3313). This bill, contrary to its title, has nothing to do with protecting the institution of marriage. This bill is, in fact, an all-out assault on the U.S. Constitution and our entire system of government. H.R. 3313 has monumentally perilous implications for three basic principles of our democracy-equal protection, due process, and the separation of power between the three branches of government. This bill discriminates against one class of people, homosexuals, by saying they cannot challenge a law in federal court to determine whether their fundamental rights have been violated. This bill would enable any future majority in Congress to draft laws that would discriminate against any class of people or minority group, and which would then be insulated from a challenge in federal court."
  • James Oberstar. H J Res 88. 109th Congress. Proposing an amendment to the Constitution of the United States relating to marriage. Project Vote Smart Summary: James Oberstar voted NO on 18 July 2006. (votesmart.org)

Key

Candidate Answer

Official Position: Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.

Inferred Answer

Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Project Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.

Unknown Answer

Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue.

Project Vote Smart's Research: Click on this icon to reveal more information about this candidate's position.

Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as the candidate has submitted it. Project Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

Minnesota Congressional Election 2008 Political Courage Test

This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.

The Political Courage Test asks candidates which items they will support if elected. It does not ask them to indicate which items they will oppose. Through extensive research of public polling data, we discovered that voters are more concerned with what candidates would support when elected to office, not what they oppose. If a candidate does not select a response to any part or all of any question, it does not necessarily indicate that the candidate is opposed to that particular item.
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding abortion.
a) Abortions should always be illegal.
b) Abortions should always be legal.
c) Abortions should be legal only within the first trimester.
Xd) Abortions should be legal when the pregnancy resulted from incest or rape.
Xe) Abortions should be legal when the life of the woman is endangered.
f) Dilation and extraction or "partial-birth" abortion procedures should be legal.
Xg) Medicare, Medicaid, and federal subsidies should be prohibited from being used on abortion procedures.
h) Other or expanded principles.
Indicate what federal funding levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once.
1) Budget Priorities
Maintain Statusa) Agriculture
Maintain Statusb) Arts
Slightly Decreasec) Defense
Greatly Increased) Education
Slightly Increasee) Environment
Maintain Statusf) FEMA
Slightly Decreaseg) Homeland security
Maintain Statush) International aid
Slightly Increasei) Law enforcement (Federal)
Slightly Increasej) Law enforcement (State)
Greatly Increasek) Medical research
Slightly Increasel) National parks
Greatly Increasem) Public health services
Slightly Increasen) Scientific research
Greatly Decreaseo) Space exploration programs
Greatly Increasep) Transportation and highway infrastructure
Slightly Decreaseq) United Nations
Maintain Statusr) Welfare
s) Other or expanded categories
2) Defense Spending
Slightly Increasea) Armed forces personnel training
Maintain Statusb) Intelligence operations
Slightly Decreasec) Military hardware
Slightly Decreased) Modernization of weaponry and equipment
Greatly Decreasee) National missile defense
Slightly Increasef) Pay for active duty personnel
Slightly Increaseg) Programs to improve troop retention rates
Slightly Decreaseh) Research and development of new weapons
Slightly Increasei) Troop and equipment readiness
j) Other or expanded categories
3) Taxes
Indicate what federal tax levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once.
Family Income Taxes
Maintain Statusa) Less than $12,000
Slightly Decreaseb) $12,001-$40,000
Slightly Decreasec) $40,001-$100,000
Maintain Statusd) $100,001-$180,000
Slightly Increasee) $180,001-$350,000
Greatly Increasef) $350,001 and above
g) Other or expanded categories
Other Taxes
Maintain Statusa) Alcohol taxes
Maintain Statusb) Capital gains taxes
Slightly Increasec) Cigarette taxes
Slightly Increased) Corporate taxes
Slightly Increasee) Gasoline taxes
Maintain Statusf) Inheritance taxes
g) Other or expanded categories
Deductions/Credits
Maintain Statusa) Charitable contribution deduction
Slightly Increaseb) Child tax credit
Slightly Increasec) Earned income tax credit
Slightly Increased) Medical expense deduction
Maintain Statuse) Mortgage deduction
Slightly Increasef) Student loan credit
g) Other or expanded categories
No4) Do you support the permanent repeal of the federal estate tax?
No5) Do you support requiring the federal budget to be balanced each year?
6) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance and government reform.
a) Support increasing the amount individuals are permitted to contribute to federal campaigns.
b) Prohibit Political Action Committee (PAC) contributions to candidates for federal office.
c) Allow unregulated soft money campaign contributions to political parties or committees.
d) Remove all contribution limits on federal campaigns and parties.
e) Support prohibiting ads containing candidates' name that are paid for by third parties from airing 60 days before a primary and 30 days before a general federal election.
f) Support instant run-off voting (IRV).
g) Support designating Election Day as a national holiday.
h) Support giving the President the power of the line item veto for items concerning appropriations.
Xi) Support limiting the President's use of signing statements in order to prevent an alternative interpretation of the bill.
Xj) Support a federal shield law to protect reporter-source privilege.
k) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding crime.
a) Support the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
Xb) Eliminate the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
Xc) Support programs to provide prison inmates with vocational and job-related skills and job-placement assistance when released.
Xd) Support programs to provide prison inmates with drug and alcohol addiction treatment.
e) Reduce prison sentences for those who commit non-violent crimes.
f) Support mandatory jail sentences for selling illegal drugs.
Xg) Support strict penalties for internet crime (e.g. hacking, identity theft, worms/viruses).
Xh) Require that crimes based on sexual orientation be prosecuted as federal hate crimes.
i) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding education.
Xa) Support the federal government funding universal pre-K programs.
Xb) Allow parents to use vouchers to send their children to any public school.
c) Allow parents to use vouchers to send their children to any private or religious school.
Xd) Allow teachers and professionals to receive federal funding to establish charter or magnet schools.
Xe) Increase funding for the Pell Grant program.
Xf) Decrease interest rates of Stafford Loans.
Xg) Support federal tax incentives to help families save for college.
Xh) Ban university financial aid officers from owning stock in or accepting gifts from student loan lenders.
Xi) Require universities to disclose financial relationships with lenders.
Xj) Support federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students (No Child Left Behind).
k) Eliminate all federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students (No Child Left Behind).
l) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding employment.
Xa) Increase funding for national job-training programs that retrain displaced workers or teach skills needed in today’s job market.
b) Reduce government regulation of the private sector.
Xc) Encourage employers to offer child care services, flex-time scheduling, comp-time, and unpaid leave for family emergencies.
d) Increase the federal minimum wage.
Xe) Support the right of workers to unionize.
f) Eliminate all federal programs designed to reduce unemployment.
Xg) Include sexual orientation in federal anti-discrimination laws.
h) Include gender identity in federal anti-discrimination laws.
i) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the environment and energy.
Xa) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Water Act.
Xb) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Air Act.
Xc) Support increased development of traditional energy resources (e.g. coal, natural gas, oil).
Xd) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles.
Xe) Strengthen fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles.
Xf) Support domestic oil exploration in areas that are currently restricted.
Xg) Encourage further development and use of alternative fuels.
Xh) Support the use of ethanol as an alternative fuel.
Xi) Support research and development of nuclear reactors as an alternative energy source.
Xj) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits under "cap and trade" laws.
Xk) Support international mandatory emission targets to limit global warming.
l) Support international voluntary emission targets to limit global warming.
m) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding guns.
a) Allow individuals to carry concealed guns.
b) Ban the sale, ownership or possession of handguns except by law enforcement and other government officials.
On (c) and (d), indicate what levels (#1-6) you support for the following categories.
Maintain Statusc) Enforcement of existing restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
Maintain Statusd) Restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
e) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health.
Xa) Implement a universal healthcare program to guarantee coverage to all Americans, regardless of income.
b) Expand eligibility for tax-free medical savings accounts.
Xc) Allow the importation of prescription drugs into the United States.
Xd) Support expanding prescription drug coverage under Medicare.
Xe) Offer tax credits to individuals and small businesses to offset the cost of insurance coverage.
Xf) Support expanding child healthcare programs.
g) Providing healthcare is not a responsibility of the federal government.
h) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding immigration.
a) Decrease the number of legal immigrants allowed into the country.
b) Establish English as the official national language.
Xc) Support a temporary worker program.
Xd) Support harsher financial punishments for those who knowingly employ illegal immigrants.
e) Support amnesty for illegal immigrants already working in the United States.
f) Illegal immigrants should have to return to their countries of origin before being considered for citizenship.
Xg) Illegal immigrants should be given a pathway to citizenship.
Xh) Support merit-based visas over family-based visas.
i) Other or expanded principles
International Aid
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding international aid.
Xa) Support the United States granting aid to countries when extraordinary circumstances cause disaster and threaten civilian lives.
Xb) Support the United States granting aid to countries when it is in the security interests of the United States.
Xc) Eliminate United States aid for any nation with documented human rights abuses.
d) Aid granted by the United States should be scaled back and eventually eliminated.
e) Other or expanded principles
International Policy
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding international policy.
Yesa) Should the United States continue to provide leadership in the Israeli-Palestinian peace process?
Yesb) Should the United States support the creation of a Palestinian state?
Yesc) Should the United States impose greater international sanctions on Iran if it continues to defy United Nations mandates?
Yesd) Should the United States support the Lebanese government against insurgent forces?
Noe) Should the United States maintain its troop levels in Iraq?
Yesf) Should the United States withdraw its troops from Iraq?
g) Discuss your proposals for Iraq.

I support the prompt and orderly transition of U.S troops out of Iraq

Yesh) Should the United States apply greater economic and diplomatic sanctions against North Korea if it fails to abide by its agreement to suspend its nuclear program?
Yesi) Should the United States increase financial support for Afghanistan?
Yesj) Should the United States increase military support for Afghanistan?
Nok) Should the United States trade nuclear fuel to India for civilian purposes?
Undecidedl) Should the United States decrease financial support for Pakistan?
Undecidedm) Should the United States decrease military support for Pakistan?
Yesn) Should the United States be involved in bringing an end to the violence in Darfur, Sudan?
Yeso) Should the United States be involved in bringing an end to the violence in the Democratic Republic of Congo?
Undecidedp) Should the United States provide economic and military support to the Transitional Government of Somalia?
Yesq) Should the United States use sanctions to encourage the government of Zimbabwe to end its human rights abuses?
Yesr) Should the United States support the creation of an independent nation of Kosovo?
s) Other or expanded principles
International Trade
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding international trade.
Noa) Do you support the United States imposing economic sanctions on China?
Nob) Do you support the United States imposing trade sanctions on Venezuela?
Noc) Do you support the United States involvement in free trade agreements?
Nod) Do you support the United States involvement in intergovernmental organizations dedicated to trade?
e) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding national security.
Yesa) Do you support using military tribunals to try suspected terrorists when ordinary civilian courts are deemed inappropriate or impractical?
Nob) Should law enforcement agencies have greater discretion to monitor domestic communications, to prevent future terrorist attacks?
Yesc) Should the United States hold foreign states accountable for terrorists who operate in their country?
Nod) Should the federal government increase funding to states and cities for homeland security?
Noe) Do you support pre-emptive military strikes against countries deemed to be a threat to United States national security?
Nof) Do you support the creation of a federal identification card system?
Nog) Do you support long-term use of National Guard troops to supplement the armed forces in assignments overseas?
Noh) Should the United States expand its missile defense shield?
i) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding social issues.
Undecideda) Should same-sex couples be allowed to marry?
Nob) Do you support a federal constitutional amendment defining marriage as between a man and a woman?
Yesc) Do you support federal funding for research on existing embryonic stem cell lines?
Nod) Do you support federal funding to create lines of stem cells from new embryos?
Yese) Should the federal government consider race and gender in government contracting decisions?
Yesf) Should the federal government continue affirmative action programs?
Yesg) Should the federal government regulate internet gambling?
h) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Social Security.
a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts that they manage themselves.
Xb) Ensure the viability of Social Security by increasing the payroll tax.
c) Decrease benefits paid to retirees.
Xd) Support proportional increases of Social Security benefits based on the cost of living index.
e) Raise the retirement age for individual eligibility to receive full Social Security benefits.
f) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding welfare and poverty.
a) Require welfare recipients to spend at least 40 hours a week in a combination of work and training programs.
b) Continue to give states and local governments flexibility in and responsibility for welfare programs through federal block grants.
c) Support housing assistance for welfare recipients.
d) Abolish all federal welfare programs.
e) Other or expanded principles
Please explain in a total of 100 words or less, your top two or three priorities if elected. If they require additional funding for implementation, please explain how you would obtain this funding.

I strongly support increased investments in education, health care and transportation. These investments would be financed primarily by allowing many of the Bush-era tax breaks for the wealthy to expire

Back to top