Representative David 'Dave' Lee Camp's Political Positions

Biographical

Full Name: David 'Dave' Lee Camp
Current Office: U.S. House - District 4, Republican
First Elected: 11/06/1990
Last Elected: 11/06/2012
Next Election: 2014
Gender: Male
Family: Wife: Nancy; 3 Children
Birth Date: 07/09/1953
Birth Place: Midland, MI
Home City: Midland, MI
Religion: Catholic
Project Vote Smart does not permit the use of its name or programs in any campaign activity, including advertising, debates, and speeches.
Dave Camp refused to tell citizens where he stands on any of the issues addressed in the 2012 Political Courage Test, despite repeated requests from Vote Smart, national media, and prominent political leaders.

What is the Political Courage Test?

This candidate has demonstrated 0% courage during the test.

*Note: This percentage is calculated based on the number of issue areas addressed by the candidate on the Political Courage Test at the conclusion of the testing period. It does not indicate support or lack of support by Project Vote Smart.

Issue Positions

In response to the increasing unwillingness of candidates to answer issue questions, Project Vote Smart has researched Presidential and Congressional candidates' public records to determine candidates' likely responses on certain key issues. These are provided below as a courtesy to voters.

Vote Smart's Research

  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be legally available."
  • Dave Camp. Issue Position: Health Care. 23 January 2012. "Additionally, I supported the Stupak Amendment as a person who believes in the right to life, and also because I believe taxpayers who oppose abortions on moral or religious grounds should not be forced to fund such activity." (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. Issue Position: Values. 23 January 2012. "Since 1973 when the Supreme Court decided Roe v. Wade legalizing abortion, it is estimated that more than 40 million babies have been aborted in the U.S. The American Academy of Adoption Attorneys estimates that there are 30 to 40 couples waiting to adopt for every infant that is put up for adoption. That is one reason Dave strongly supports adoption as a life-giving alternative to abortion." (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. Camp Votes To Prohibit Taxpayer Money From Funding Abortions. 6 November 2009. "I supported the Stupak Amendment as a person who believes in the Right to Life, but also because I believe taxpayers who oppose abortions on morally or religious grounds should not be forced to fund such activity," Camp said. "The passage of this amendment, however, will not change my opposition to this bill, which is a government takeover of health care." (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. Camp Hails Decision on Partial Birth Abortion Ban. 18 April 2009. "The Court confirmed what most Americans have known for years: the practice of partial birth abortion is gruesome, unnecessary and has no place in our society," (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be legally available."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "f) Prohibit public funding of abortions and to organizations that advocate or perform abortions." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding abortion. Other or expanded principles: "Partial birth abortion should always be illegal. I support promoting adoption and abstinence programs to reduce abortions."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Abortions should always be legally available."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Prohibit public funding of abortions and of organizations that advocate or perform abortions." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding abortion. Other or expanded principles: "Promotion of adoption should be a priority."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "h) Prohibit public funding of abortions and public funding of organizations that advocate or perform abortions."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Medicare, Medicaid, and federal subsidies should be prohibited from being used on abortion procedures."
  • Dave Camp. H Amdt 156. 106th Congress. Overseas Military Abortion Amendment. Dave Camp voted Nay on 06/09/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. S 403. 110th Congress. Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act. Dave Camp voted Yea on 09/26/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. H Amdt 643. 106th Congress. Abortion Private Funding Restoration Amendment. Dave Camp voted Nay on 05/20/1998. (votesmart.org)
  • National Organization for Women. 04/18/2012. "On the votes used to calculate its ratings, the National Organization for Women attaches more value to those votes it considers more important. For 2008, the National Organization for Women gave Dave Camp a rating of 19 percent." (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. H Amdt 509. 111th Congress. Prohibiting Federally Funded Abortion Services. Dave Camp voted Yea on 11/07/2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. H AMDT 209. 109th Congress. Overseas Military Facilities Abortion Amendment. Dave Camp voted Nay on 05/25/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. H Amdt 436. 104th Congress. Overseas Military Abortion Amendment. Dave Camp voted Nay on 06/15/1995. (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "f) Prohibit the dilation and extraction procedure, also known as "partial-birth" abortion." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding abortion. Other or expanded principles: "Promotion of adoption should be a priority."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Abortions should always be legal."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Abortions should be illegal when the fetus is viable, with or without life support."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be illegal." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding abortion. Other or expanded principles: "Promotion of adoption should be a priority."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "f) Eliminate public funding for abortions and public funding of organizations that advocate or perform abortions." Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning abortion. Other or expanded principles: "promotion of adoption should be made a priority"
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Abortions should always be legally available."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "i) Prohibit public funding of abortions and public funding of organizations that advocate or perform abortions." Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning abortion. Other or expanded principles: "Adoption"
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Abortions should always be legal."
  • Dave Camp. H Amdt 185. 103th Congress. Hyde Amendment. Dave Camp voted Yea on 06/30/1993. (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. HR 3682. 106th Congress. Child Custody Protection Act. Dave Camp voted Yea on 07/15/1998. (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. HR 3660. 106th Congress. Ban on Partial-Birth/Late Term Abortion. Dave Camp voted Yea on 04/05/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. H Amdt 95. 112th Congress. Prohibiting Use of Federal Funds For Planned Parenthood. Dave Camp voted Yea on 02/18/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. HR 748. 109th Congress. Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act. Dave Camp voted Did Not Vote on 04/27/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. HR 6099. 110th Congress. Abortion Pain Bill. Dave Camp voted Yea on 12/06/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. H Amdt 1017. 106th Congress. Abortion Funding Amendment. Dave Camp voted Nay on 07/20/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. H Amdt 882. 106th Congress. Prison Abortion Funding Amendment. Dave Camp voted Nay on 06/22/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. HR 670. 103th Congress. Abortion Counseling Bill. Dave Camp voted Nay on 03/25/1993. (votesmart.org)
  • Family Research Council. 04/18/2012. "Dave Camp supported the interests of the Family Research Council 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Planned Parenthood. 04/18/2012. "Dave Camp supported the interests of Planned Parenthood 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. HR 3. 112th Congress. Prohibiting Taxpayer Funding of Abortion. Dave Camp voted Yea on 05/04/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • National Right to Life Committee. 04/18/2012. "Dave Camp supported the interests of the National Right to Life Committee 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Abortions should always be legal."
  • Dave Camp. H Amdt 722. 106th Congress. Oversea Military Abortions Amendment. Dave Camp voted Nay on 05/18/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. H Amdt 187. 105th Congress. Overseas Military Facilities Abortion Amendment. Dave Camp voted Nay on 06/19/1997. (votesmart.org)
  • NARAL Pro-Choice America. 04/18/2012. "Dave Camp supported the interests of the NARAL Pro-Choice America 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Peace Action West. 04/18/2012. "Dave Camp supported the interests of Peace Action West 29 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "j) Should the United States increase military support for Afghanistan?" Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding international policy. Other or expanded principles: "My position is that the Iraqis need to do more, and we need to start doing less. We have sacrificed greatly to end a regime that harbored and promoted terrorism, including gassing its own people, but now is the time for free Iraqis to take control. American troops should not remain in Iraq a day longer than necessary, but we cannot simply walk away just as the country is beginning to stabilize. A viable and stable Iraq is vital to the long-term security of our nation, and we must not abandon the mission at this critical time."
  • Dave Camp. H Con Res 28. 112th Congress. Removing Troops from Afghanistan. Dave Camp voted Nay on 03/17/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Peace Action. 04/18/2012. "Dave Camp supported the interests of the Peace Action 29 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. Issue Position: Defense. 23 January 2012. "The war against terrorism must continue, and be fully funded. It is important that we provide General McChrystal and all of our men and women in uniform with the resources they need to succeed. Abandoning our efforts there would jeopardize the safety and security of the United States. General McChrystal has designed a strategy that will permit our troops to come home and leave Afghanistan ready to defend and secure its own people against the Taliban. We must support these efforts and I will continue to work for our men and women in uniform to get them whatever support and resources they need." (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. Give Resources Necessary To Succeed In Afghanistan. 1 December 2009. "I appreciate that the President has finally made a decision about the path forward in Afghanistan. I hope this gives General McChrystal and all our men and women in uniform the resources they need to succeed in Afghanistan. Abandoning our efforts there would jeopardize American's safety. Clearly, the military and American people deserve a winning strategy that allows our troops to come home and Afghanistan to defend and secure its own people against the Taliban." (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. Camp Statement on Obama Exit Strategy. 23 June 2011. "A stable Afghanistan is vital to U.S. national security. In 2009, the president committed an additional 30,000 troops to help the Afghan people bring stability to their nation and prevent it from reverting to a terrorist safe haven that could threaten the safety and security of the American people. Momentum has been seized from the Taliban, and the death of Osama bin Laden was a true turning point, but security gains remain fragile. The rapid pace at which the president now plans to drawdown troops may jeopardize the hard-fought and significant counterinsurgency achievements of Afghan, U.S., and coalition forces over the last 18 months. Going forward, it is critical the president base drawdown decisions on the operational requirements necessary to achieve the mission that our military commanders were charged with." (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "j) Should the United States increase military support for Afghanistan?"
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "e) Should the United States increase military support to Afghanistan?"

Vote Smart's Research

  • Dave Camp. HR 2561. 106th Congress. Defense Department Appropriations bill, FY2000. Dave Camp voted Yea on 07/22/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. HR 4939. 110th Congress. Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2006. Dave Camp voted Yea on 06/13/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. H Amdt 13. 112th Congress. Reducing Navy and Air Force Aircraft Procurement. Dave Camp voted Nay on 02/15/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. HR 4986. 110th Congress. Defense Authorizations Bill. Dave Camp voted Yea on 01/16/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. HR 5631. 110th Congress. Defense Department FY2007 Appropriations Bill. Dave Camp voted Yea on 06/20/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. HR 5631. 110th Congress. Department Defense Appropriations Act, FY 2007. Dave Camp voted Yea on 09/26/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. HR 4200. 108th Congress. Defense Department FY2005 Authorization Bill. Dave Camp voted Yea on 05/20/2004. (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. HR 1363. 112th Congress. 2011 Department of Defense Budget and Additional Continuing Appropriations. Dave Camp voted Yea on 04/07/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. HR 2642. 110th Congress. Funding for Operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. Dave Camp voted Yea on 06/19/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. HR 3222. 110th Congress. Department of Defense Appropriations, Fiscal Year 2008. Dave Camp voted Yea on 08/05/2007. (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. HR 5010. 108th Congress. Department of Defense Appropriations, Fiscal Year 2003. Dave Camp voted Yea on 10/10/2002. (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Medium Priority" for: "Indicate your priorities for spending any anticipated federal budget surplus. a) Defense"
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Slightly Increase" for: "Using the key, indicate what federal funding levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category. c) Defense"
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Maintain Status" for: "Using the key, indicate what federal funding levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once. [?] c) Defense"
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Maintain Status" for: "Indicate what federal funding levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once. c) Defense"
  • Dave Camp. Issue Position: Terrorism. 23 January 2012. "Congressman Camp has supported strengthening our military by increasing defense spending by more than one-third, the most in a generation and believes we need a lighter, more flexible and more lethal force to better able to deal with new threats to our national security." (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. Issues. 03 October 2012. "I will continue to work to make sure that our military has the most effective and technologically-advanced weapons systems and hardware." (www.davecampforcongress.com)
  • Dave Camp. Issue Position: Defense. 1 January 2011. "Congress should also make sure our military has the most effective and technologically-advanced weapons systems and hardware. This must be done in a prudent way that reduces cost and maximizes taxpayer dollars. I have consistently supported the National Defense Authorization Act and the Defense Appropriations Act. These annual bills authorize and fund the various defense systems and programs our troops rely on to keep America safe." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Dave Camp. HR 1836. 107th Congress. Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act, 2001. Dave Camp voted Yea on 05/16/2001. (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp signed Americans for Tax Reform: Taxpayer Protection Pledge. "I, Dave Camp, pledge to the taxpayers of the 4th district of the state of Michigan and to the American people that I will: ONE, oppose any and all efforts to increase the marginal tax rate for individuals and businesses; and TWO, oppose any net reduction or elimination of deductions and credits, unless matched dollar for dollar by further reducing taxes." (s3.amazonaws.com)
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "3) Do you support eliminating the Internal Revenue Service?"
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "6) Do you support requiring a super-majority vote in both houses of Congress to raise taxes?" Other Tax Issues: Other or expanded principles: "IRA -- Greatly Increase "
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "6) Do you support requiring a super-majority vote in both houses of Congress to raise taxes?" Other Tax Issues: Other or expanded principles: "Healthcare -- Greatly Increase"
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "3) Do you support eliminating the Internal Revenue Service?" Other Tax Issues: Other or expanded principles: "Healthcare -- Greatly Increase"
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "6) Do you support requiring a super-majority vote in both houses of Congress to raise taxes?"
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "5) Do you support making President Bush's tax cuts permanent?"
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "3) Do you support eliminating the Internal Revenue Service?" Other Tax Issues: Other or expanded principles: "IRA -- Greatly Increase "
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "5) Do you support making President Bush's tax cuts permanent?" Budgetary, Spending, and Taxes, Part 3: Taxes (B) Other or expanded principles: "I am proud to be a member of the Congressional team that balanced the federal budget for the first time in a generation. We need to get back to a balanced budget. I support tools like the line item veto and a balanced budget amendment to achieve that goal."
  • Citizens for Tax Justice. 04/18/2012. "Dave Camp supported the interests of the Citizens for Tax Justice 0 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • National Taxpayers Union. 04/18/2012. "Dave Camp supported reasonable tax and spending policies as defined by the National Taxpayers Union 88 percent of the time in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Tax Reform. 04/18/2012. "Dave Camp supported the interests of the Americans for Tax Reform 100 percent in 2007." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • The Club for Growth. 04/18/2012. "On the votes used to calculate its ratings, The Club for Growth attaches more value to those votes it considers more important. For 2010, The Club for Growth gave Dave Camp a rating of 82 percent." (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. Letter To Tea Parties. 15 April 2009. "The American people are already overburdened with taxes and excessive federal spending. Yet, under the guise of economic stimulus, Democrats in Congress rammed a $787 billion spending bill down the taxpayer's throats, a bill filled with wasteful, unnecessary spending." (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. Issue Position: Economy. 23 January 2012. "Congressman Camp believes we must help businesses create jobs for Michigan families and make the U.S. more attractive to new investment. To accomplish this, Congressman Camp believes we must restrain spending by the federal government; promote economic growth by making tax cuts permanent for families; pass a corporate income tax rate reduction; reform and overhaul a confusing and unfair federal tax code; strengthen schools to make sure we have the best trained, best educated workforce in the world and prepare Michigan workers high-tech jobs; and get tough on immigration enforcement to protect jobs." (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. Job Protection and Recession Prevention Act of 2012. 1 August 2012. "Economists have noted that comprehensive tax reform, when paired with appropriate government spending cuts, could lead to the creation of 1 million American jobs in the first year alone [¦] It's clear that my friends on the other side are committed to raising taxes at any cost. Does anyone believe that they're going to use that to reduce the deficit? We'll just see more wasteful Washington spending. This isn't a solution. America is at a crossroad. We've had 40 months of 8 percent unemployment. What do we get from them? Not a solution. We get a political ploy." (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. Camp Reaction to "Temporary" Economic Stimulus. 18 January 2008. "A revolution in technology has spurred historic gains in productivity and an irreversible trend towards globalization that pose unique challenges to the long-term health of the American economy. And, while a stimulus package as outlined by the President today may well have a positive impact on our economy, it does not increase our competitiveness or encourage economic vitality in the coming years. The rest of the world is aggressively cutting taxes and reaping the benefits. Yet we have failed to address substantive tax reform since Ronald Reagan's first term in office. Disappointingly, this Congress seems intent on ignoring the plight of American businesses and the workers they employ. Worse yet, they have left the door open to massive tax increases for families and job-providers." (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. Camp Floor Statement on House Stimulus Package. 29 January 2008. "U.S. Rep. Dave Camp, a senior member of the tax-writing Ways and Means committee, today delivered the following remarks on the floor of the House in urging his colleagues to quickly pass a stimulus package and address long-term tax reform. The measure passed 385-35." [¦] ""The bill before is a positive step, and one we should take. However, I don't know a single American who prefers a rebate - even a rebate as generous as this - to a good paying job. So by no means is this the only step we should take if we are going to become truly competitive and create long-term job growth in this country." [¦] ""So, before we congratulate ourselves on this economic stimulus package, we ought to address this jarring trend that is far more dangerous to American prosperity than next quarter's economic forecast." (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. A Stimulus That Works. 24 August 2009. "First, we must repeal what isn't working: The President's stimulus includes record levels of government spending that will substantially increase the current deficit. My stimulus package includes a provision precluding any tax increases now or in the future to pay for this new spending. Stimulus spending should be paid for by reducing wasteful government spending, not raising taxes." (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. Camp Accepts Invite To Attend Fiscal Responsiblity Summit. 20 February 2009. "Last week's stimulus bill doubled the federal deficit, increased our debt payments by nearly $400 billion and put the nation's financial future on even shakier ground," Camp said. "Now, more than ever, we need to get government spending under control and find a sustainable path forward. I look forward to meeting with the President, hearing his ideas and hopefully taking the first step towards reducing the debt, the tax burden on families and protecting the critical services and benefits provided by Social Security and Medicare." (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "2) Would you support enforcing the spending limits agreed to in 1997 by the President and Congress to balance the budget?" Indicate what levels of federal funding you support for the following general categories. Other or expanded principles: "Space Station"
  • Dave Camp. HR 1424. 110th Congress. Financial Asset Purchase Authority and Tax Law Amendments. Dave Camp voted Yea on 10/03/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. HR 5297. 112th Congress. Small Business Lending Fund and Tax Law Amendments. Dave Camp voted Nay on 09/23/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Prosperity. 04/18/2012. "Dave Camp supported the interests of the Americans for Prosperity 95 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Dave Camp. HR 2. 108th Congress. Jobs and Economic Growth bill. Dave Camp voted Yea on 05/23/2003. (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Provide tax credits for companies that move job-creating industries into areas with high unemployment." Indicate which principles you support regarding unemployment. Other or expanded principles: "Support deductability of employer-provided educational assistance. "
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Provide tax credits for companies that move job-creating industries into areas with high unemployment."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Provide tax credits for companies that move job-creating industries into areas with high unemployment."
  • Dave Camp. HR 2488. 106th Congress. Financial Freedom Act of 1999. Dave Camp voted Yea on 08/05/1999. (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "k) Eliminate all federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students (No Child Left Behind)."
  • Dave Camp. Issue Position: Education. 23 January 2012. "Congressman Camp is working to ensure that everyone has access to the best education and our public schools are held accountable in educating our children. The No Child Left Behind Act is a key part on our efforts to better public education. It requires states to have a highly qualified school teacher in every public classroom; allows parents with children in underachieving schools to transfer to a better public or charter school; requires school districts to give parents annual report cards on academic performance of schools; and targets federal education dollars to the poorest schools and districts." (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Slightly Increase" for: "1) Indicate what changes you support (if any) concerning levels of federal funding for the following categories. Select one number only. c) Education (K-12)"
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "l) Eliminate restrictions on federal education funding, giving educators or local school districts more flexibility to design and implement their programs."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Local" for: "Indicate which level of government should have primary responsibility for the following services. Select one level only. 3) Education"
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "e) Eliminate the Department of Education, thereby giving state and local government greater control over educational issues."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "2) Do you support the use of block grants given to states, rather than federal spending, in the following areas? b) Education"
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Support national standards for and testing of public school students."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Slightly Increase" for: "1) Indicate what levels of federal funding you support for the following categories. Select one number (level) only. c) Education (K-12)"
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Support the federal government funding universal pre-K programs."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Maintain Status" for: "Indicate what federal funding levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once. d) Education"
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Give all federal education funding to states in the form of block grants and allow them to spend it as they see fit."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Support national standards and testing of public school students."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "j) Providing education is not a responsibility of the federal government."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Support national standards for and testing of public school students."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "i) Eliminate restrictions on federal education funding, giving educators or local school districts more flexibility to design and implement their programs."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Promote education flexibility by giving federal funds, in the form of block grants, to the states to spend it as they see fit."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Support national standards and testing in reading and math."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "j) Support federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students (No Child Left Behind)."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Slightly Increase" for: "Using the key, indicate what federal funding levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category. d) Education"
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Slightly Increase" for: "1) Indicate what changes you support (if any) concerning levels of federal funding for the following categories. Select one number only. c) Education (K-12)" 1) Indicate what changes you support (if any) concerning levels of federal funding for the following categories. Select one number only. Other or expanded principles: "Defense "
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Support national standards and testing of public school students."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Slightly Increase" for: "Using the key, indicate what federal funding levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once. [?] d) Education"
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Slightly Increase" for: "1) Indicate what levels of federal funding you support for the following categories. Select one number (level) only. c) Education (K-12)" 1) Indicate what levels of federal funding you support for the following categories. Select one number (level) only. Other or expanded principles: "Space station -- Eliminate"
  • Dave Camp. HR 1804. 104th Congress. Goals 2000: Educate America Act. Dave Camp voted Yea on 03/23/1994. (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. HR 2300. 106th Congress. Academic Achievement for All Act. Dave Camp voted Did Not Vote on 10/21/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Local" for: "Indicate which level of government that should have primary responsibility for the following services. Select one level only. c) Education"
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Slightly Increase" for: "1) Indicate what changes you support (if any) concerning levels of federal funding for the following categories. Select one number only. c) Education (K-12)" 1) Indicate what changes you support (if any) concerning levels of federal funding for the following categories. Select one number only. Other or expanded principles: "Space Station "

Vote Smart's Research

  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "f) Support domestic oil exploration in areas that are currently restricted."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "c) Support increased development of traditional energy resources (e.g. coal, natural gas, oil)."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "h) Support opening a select portion of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge for oil exploration." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the environment and energy. Other or expanded principles: "Support tax credits for fuel efficient vehicles "
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "f) Support increased development of traditional energy resources (e.g. coal, natural gas, oil)." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the environment and energy. Other or expanded principles: "Support tax credits for fuel efficient vehicles "
  • Dave Camp. HR 3534. 112th Congress. Offshore Drilling Regulations and Other Energy Law Amendments. Dave Camp voted Nay on 07/30/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. H Amdt 773. 112th Congress. Ending Moratorium on Deepwater Drilling Rigs that Meet Certain Safety Standards. Dave Camp voted Nay on 07/30/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. HR 1230. 112th Congress. Offshore Leasing Act. Dave Camp voted Yea on 05/05/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Environment America. 04/18/2012. "Dave Camp supported the interests of Environment America 13 percent in 2009." (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Support increased development of traditional energy resources (e.g. coal, natural gas, oil)."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "c) Support opening a select portion of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge for oil exploration."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "i) Support opening a portion of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge for oil exploration."

Vote Smart's Research

  • Dave Camp. HR 2454. 111th Congress. Energy and Environmental Law Amendments ("Cap and Trade"). Dave Camp voted Nay on 06/26/2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "l) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits."
  • Environment America. 04/18/2012. "Dave Camp supported the interests of Environment America 13 percent in 2009." (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. HR 910. 112th Congress. Energy Tax Prevention Act. Dave Camp voted Yea on 04/07/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • League of Conservation Voters. 04/18/2012. "Dave Camp supported the interests of the League of Conservation Voters 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "k) Adhere to the United Nations treaty regarding global climate change."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "j) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits under "cap and trade" laws."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "j) Reduce current federal regulations on the environment."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "m) Support the Kyoto Protocol to limit global warming."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline or diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "l) Support the U.S. re-entering the Kyoto treaty process to limit global warming."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Support the U.S. re-entering the current Kyoto treaty process to limit global warming."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline or diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "c) Support Clear Skies Act to reduce power plant emissions by setting a national cap on pollutants."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "h) Promote the selling of pollution credits between nations to encourage industries to decrease pollution levels." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding America's environment and natural resources. Other or expanded principles: "Make certain environmental regulations are based on sound scientific principals."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "i) Promote the selling of pollution credits between nations to encourage industries to decrease pollution levels."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "j) Impose stricter national air quality standards."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline or diesel powered engines, including cars and trucks."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "l) Promote the selling of pollution credits to encourage industries to decrease amount of pollution." Indicate which principles or programs you support regarding America's environment and natural resources. Other or expanded principles: "Supported Safe Drinking Water Act & Everglades Restoration "
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "h) Strengthen emission controls and fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "i) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline or diesel powered engines, including cars and trucks."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Strengthen emission controls and fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "c) Reduce government regulation of the private sector in order to encourage investment and economic expansion."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "k) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the environment and energy. Other or expanded principles: "Support tax credits for fuel efficient vehicles "
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Air Act."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Eliminate government regulations of the private sector in order to encourage investment and economic expansion."

Vote Smart's Research

  • Dave Camp. HR 125. 104th Congress. Gun Ban Repeal Act of 1995. Dave Camp voted Yea on 03/22/1996. (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Renew the ban on the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting."
  • Dave Camp. HR 2122. 106th Congress. Mandatory Gun Show Background Check Act. Dave Camp voted Yea on 06/18/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. S 397. 109th Congress. Firearms Manufacturers Protection Bill. Dave Camp voted Yea on 10/20/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. 04/18/2012. "Dave Camp supported the interests of the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence 0 percent from 1988-2003 (Senate) or 1991-2003 (House)." (votesmart.org)
  • Gun Owners of America. 04/18/2012. "In 2010 Gun Owners of America gave Dave Camp a grade of 91." (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. HR 1025. 103th Congress. Brady Handgun Bill. Dave Camp voted Nay on 11/10/1993. (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. HR 6842. 110th Congress. Repealing Portions of the D.C. Firearm Ban. Dave Camp voted Yea on 09/17/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "k) Require a license for gun possession."
  • Dave Camp. H Amdt 390. 103th Congress. Instant Background Checks for Gun Purchase Amendment. Dave Camp voted Yea on 11/10/1993. (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. H AMDT 1156. 110th Congress. Trigger Lock Amendment. Dave Camp voted Yea on 06/28/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. HR 4296. 104th Congress. Regulation of Semi-Automatic Assault Weapons. Dave Camp voted Nay on 05/05/1994. (votesmart.org)
  • National Rifle Association. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. National Rifle Association endorsed Dave Camp in the 2010 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Ease procedures on the purchase and registration of firearms."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "h) Require a license for gun possession."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns." Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning gun issues. Other or expanded principles: "Concealed weapons is state law"
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Maintain and strengthen the enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "f) Favor allowing citizens to carry concealed firearms." Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning gun issues. Other or expanded principles: "Support instant background checks - strengthen penalties for gun crimes"
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Maintain all federal registration procedures and restrictions on possessing firearms."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Ban the sale, ownership or possession of handguns except by law enforcement and other government officials."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Maintain Status" for: "On (c) and (d), indicate what levels (#1-6) you support for the following categories. d) Restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Ban the sale or transfer of all forms of semi-automatic weapons."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "i) Raise the minimum age for ownership of handguns from 18 to 21."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Maintain and strengthen the current level of enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Reauthorize the ban on the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows." Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning gun issues. Other or expanded principles: "Concealed weapons is state law"
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "f) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "f) Require manufacturers to provide child-safety locks on guns." Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning gun issues. Other or expanded principles: "Concealed weapons is state law"
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding guns. Other or expanded principles: "Concealed weapons is state law."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding guns. Other or expanded principles: "Concealed weapons is state law."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Repeal all bans and measures that restrict law-abiding citizens from owning legally-obtained firearms."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Maintain and strengthen the current level of enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding guns. Other or expanded principles: "Concealed weapons is state law."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Maintain federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Maintain and strengthen the enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "j) Require background checks of gun buyers at gun shows." Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning gun issues. Other or expanded principles: "Concealed weapons is state law"
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Implement tighter restrictions on firearm sales in an effort to hinder terrorist groups from stockpiling weapon arsenals."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Expand the nationwide ban on the sale or transfer of assault weapons to include all forms of semi-automatic weapons."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Maintain Status" for: "On (c) and (d), indicate what levels (#1-6) you support for the following categories. c) Enforcement of existing restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "i) Raise the minimum age for ownership of handguns from 18 to 21."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Allow individuals to carry concealed guns."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns." Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning gun issues. Other or expanded principles: "Concealed weapons is state law"
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "e) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms by law-abiding citizens." Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning gun issues. Other or expanded principles: "Support instant background checks - strengthen penalties for gun crimes"
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "h) Require a license for gun possession."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Increase restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Increase federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Ban the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "f) Allow law-abiding citizens to carry concealed firearms that are legally owned and registered." Indicate which principles you support concerning gun issues. Other or expanded principles: "Support instantaneous background check & strengthen penalties for gun crimes. "
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Ban the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Require a license for gun possession."
  • Dave Camp. House Votes to Protect Law Abiding Gun Owners. 20 October 2005. "Holding GM accountable for car crashes involving Buicks makes about as much sense as holding a gun manufacturer responsible for the criminal misuse of a firearm," said U.S. Rep. Dave Camp (R-Midland) today in joining a bipartisan majority approving a ban on certain lawsuits against the gun industry. This is just commonsense," Camp added. "There are those who want to limit our Second Amendment rights by running the firearms industry into bankruptcy. I'm pleased we were able to prevail and garner solid bipartisan support for this legislation." (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. Camp Reaction to Supreme Court Ruling on Chicago Gun Ban. 28 June 2010. "I have long believed the right to bear arms is a fundamental right upon which this nation was founded. I am pleased to see the Supreme Court affirm the Second Amendment and preserve this right for future generations." (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. Issue Position: Second Amendment. 23 January 2012. "Dave supports the constitutionally protected rights of law-abiding citizens to keep and bear arms. Congressman Camp has been a long-time friend to Michigan sportsmen and hunters and will continue to defend our Second Amendment rights in Congress. Dave believes the federal government should enforce existing gun laws and fight any attempt to pass new anti-gun legislation." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Providing healthcare is not a responsibility of the federal government."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government."
  • American Public Health Association. 04/18/2012. "Dave Camp supported the interests of the American Public Health Association 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. HR 2. 112th Congress. Repealing the Health Care Bill. Dave Camp voted Yea on 01/19/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "i) The federal government has no responsibility in providing health care."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Implement a universal healthcare program to guarantee coverage to all Americans, regardless of income."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) The federal government has no responsibility in providing health care."

Vote Smart's Research

  • National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute. 04/18/2012. "Dave Camp supported the interests of National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. HR 5281. 112th Congress. DREAM Act. Dave Camp voted Nay on 12/08/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Federation for American Immigration Reform. 04/18/2012. "Dave Camp supported the interests of the Federation for American Immigration Reform 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Ease citizenship requirements in order to make it easier for immigrants to become United States citizens."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "f) Illegal immigrants should have to return to their countries of origin before being considered for citizenship."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "f) Grant U.S. citizenship to children born in the US only if their parents immigrated legally."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Illegal immigrants should be given a pathway to citizenship."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Prohibit states from passing laws that deny human services (medical care, education) to illegal immigrants or their children."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Children of illegal immigrants, born in the United States, should not automatically receive US citizenship."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Support amnesty for certain illegal immigrants who already reside in the United States."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Allow legalization for certain illegal immigrants working in the U.S."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Support amnesty for illegal immigrants already working in the United States."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Children of illegal immigrants, born in the United States, should not automatically receive U.S. citizenship."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Support amnesty for illegal immigrants already working in the United States."
  • Dave Camp. HR 4437. 109th Congress. Border Security Bill. Dave Camp voted Yea on 12/16/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. Illegal Border Crossings Targeted by Camp. 17 December 2005. "This bill addresses enforcement issues, but that won't solve the problem alone," Camp added. "I hope that after the Holiday season Congress can quickly begin working with other countries to jointly develop policies that will encourage legal immigration and the accurate documenting of guest workers staying in the U.S." (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. Issue Position: Border Security. 23 January 2012. "Congressman Camp does not support granting illegal aliens amnesty. A declaration of amnesty by illegal aliens for too long has been a crutch of those who wish us harm. The 9/11 Commission found that a number of terrorists abused the asylum system. This law strengthens judges' ability to determine whether asylum seekers are credible and to consider the circumstances and all relevant factors. Dave also supported this legislation to strengthen our deportation laws. Until this law passed, prohibitions on terrorist-related activities applied only to aliens attempting to enter the U.S. but not for aliens who already reside within our borders." (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. Issue Position: Immigration. 1 January 2010. "The current H-2A temporary guest worker program, which allows seasonal agricultural laborers to receive temporary U.S. work visas, makes sense as long as the guidelines of the program are properly enforced. This program is extremely important to the agricultural community in Michigan, which relies on seasonal labor to fill jobs Americans simply will not take. However, any temporary worker program must ensure that laborers return to their home country upon visa expiration and do not remain in the U.S. Illegally." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "k) Should marriage be restricted to a union only between a man and a woman?"
  • Family Research Council. 04/18/2012. "Dave Camp supported the interests of the Family Research Council 85 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. HR 2965. 112th Congress. Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act. Dave Camp voted Nay on 12/15/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • American Family Association. 04/18/2012. "Dave Camp supported the interests of the American Family Association 94 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Human Rights Campaign. 04/18/2012. "Dave Camp supported the interests of the Human Rights Campaign 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • American Civil Liberties Union. 04/18/2012. "Dave Camp supported the interests of the American Civil Liberties Union 15 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. HR 3685. 110th Congress. Sexual Orientation Employment Nondiscrimination Act (ENDA). Dave Camp voted Nay on 11/07/2007. (votesmart.org)
  • Traditional Values Coalition. 04/18/2012. "Dave Camp supported the interests of the Traditional Values Coalition 85 percent in 2006" (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. H J Res 88. 110th Congress. Same-Sex Marriage Resolution. Dave Camp voted Yea on 07/18/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "i) Do you support a constitutional amendment that would define marriage as a union between a man and woman?"
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "a) Should same-sex couples be allowed to marry?"
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "b) Do you support a federal constitutional amendment defining marriage as between a man and a woman?"

Vote Smart's Research

  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "f) Do you support a policy of pre-emptive strikes against countries deemed to be a threat to national security?"
  • Dave Camp. Defense. 22 August 2012. "The death of Osama bin Laden and the killing and capture of hundreds of high-ranking figures has left al Qaeda a weak and decentralized organization. The U.S. and our allies must remain ever-vigilant in defeating al Qaeda in Afghanistan and Pakistan, and wherever else it rears its ugly head." (camp.house.gov)
  • Dave Camp. Issue Position: Terrorism. 23 January 2012. "As a former member of the Homeland Security Committee, Congressman Camp knows our soldiers around the globe, especially in Iraq and Afghanistan, are engaged in a life and death struggle for our safety. Dave will continue to support the war on terror and use the unsurpassed power of the U.S. armed forces to hunt down terrorists in the shadows where they hide and plot against innocent Americans. Congressman Camp continues to support full funding for our military to ensure that our fighting men and women on the front lines have the best resources. Dave believes we must take the fight to the terrorists, so that we do not have to fight them in the streets of U.S. cities. Every penny spent on our armed forces allows our military to find the terrorists and destroy their networks so we can prevent another 9/11." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "X" for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts that they manage themselves."
  • Alliance for Retired Americans. 04/18/2012. "Dave Camp supported the interests of the Alliance for Retired Americans 30 percent in 2008." (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which are managed by the government."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government."
  • Dave Camp. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves."
  • Dave Camp. Plan should be modeled after that of members of Congress, federal employees. 9 March 2005. "The nation's most successful social safety net faces a $3.7 trillion shortfall and without serious changes will have to slash benefits by up to one-third for future generations of retirees. That stark reality was the focus of a House Ways and Means Committee hearing today at which U.S. Rep. Dave Camp (R-Midland), a senior member of the committee, pressed Comptroller General David Walker on adding to Social Security personal savings accounts like those offered to members of Congress and federal employees. "The Thrift Savings Plan has been a huge success," said Camp. "It is a carefully managed program with high participation rates and very low administrative costs which have yielded solid returns on investments. Wouldn't adding a voluntary savings account modeled on the TSP strengthen the current system?" (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. Camp: Social Security Proposal a Solid Start'. 23 June 2005. "This measure would change that by directing money from the surplus to fund newly created GROW Accounts. People under the age of 55 will have GROW accounts, or can choose to opt out. The accounts will initially be invested in marketable Treasury bonds. This allows a safe and prudent transition period for the development of personal accounts to protect the Social Security surplus." (votesmart.org)
  • Dave Camp. Issue Position: Social Security. 1 January 2011. "I support voluntary personal accounts for younger workers that would allow them to build a nest egg for retirement that they would own and control, and could pass on to their families. This will permanently strengthen Social Security, without changing benefits for those now in or near retirement, and without raising payroll taxes on workers. Inheritance rights in personal accounts would especially help widows who depend on Social Security and eliminate the need for cumbersome regulations that too often deny individuals from receiving their benefits in a timely fashion." (votesmart.org)

Key

Candidate Answer Official Position

Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.

Inferred Answer Inferred Position

Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Project Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.

Unknown Answer Unknown Position

Candidate refused to address this issue.

 Project Vote Smart's Research

Click on this icon to reveal more information about this candidate's position.

Michigan Congressional Election 2008 Political Courage Test

This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.

The Political Courage Test asks candidates which items they will support if elected. It does not ask them to indicate which items they will oppose. Through extensive research of public polling data, we discovered that voters are more concerned with what candidates would support when elected to office, not what they oppose. If a candidate does not select a response to any part or all of any question, it does not necessarily indicate that the candidate is opposed to that particular item.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding abortion.

a) Abortions should always be illegal.
b) Abortions should always be legal.
c) Abortions should be legal only within the first trimester.
Xd) Abortions should be legal when the pregnancy resulted from incest or rape.
Xe) Abortions should be legal when the life of the woman is endangered.
f) Dilation and extraction or "partial-birth" abortion procedures should be legal.
Xg) Medicare, Medicaid, and federal subsidies should be prohibited from being used on abortion procedures.
h) Other or expanded principles.

Indicate what federal funding levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once.

1) Budget Priorities

Maintain Statusa) Agriculture
Maintain Statusb) Arts
Maintain Statusc) Defense
Maintain Statusd) Education
Maintain Statuse) Environment
Maintain Statusf) FEMA
Maintain Statusg) Homeland security
Maintain Statush) International aid
Maintain Statusi) Law enforcement (Federal)
Maintain Statusj) Law enforcement (State)
Maintain Statusk) Medical research
Maintain Statusl) National parks
Maintain Statusm) Public health services
Maintain Statusn) Scientific research
Slightly Decreaseo) Space exploration programs
Maintain Statusp) Transportation and highway infrastructure
Greatly Decreaseq) United Nations
Maintain Statusr) Welfare
s) Other or expanded categories

2) Defense Spending

Maintain Statusa) Armed forces personnel training
Slightly Increaseb) Intelligence operations
Maintain Statusc) Military hardware
Maintain Statusd) Modernization of weaponry and equipment
Maintain Statuse) National missile defense
Slightly Increasef) Pay for active duty personnel
Maintain Statusg) Programs to improve troop retention rates
Maintain Statush) Research and development of new weapons
Slightly Increasei) Troop and equipment readiness
j) Other or expanded categories

3) Taxes

Indicate what federal tax levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once.

Family Income Taxes

Eliminatea) Less than $12,000
Greatly Decreaseb) $12,001-$40,000
Slightly Decreasec) $40,001-$100,000
Slightly Decreased) $100,001-$180,000
Maintain Statuse) $180,001-$350,000
Maintain Statusf) $350,001 and above
g) Other or expanded categories

Other Taxes

Slightly Decreasea) Alcohol taxes
Eliminateb) Capital gains taxes
Maintain Statusc) Cigarette taxes
Slightly Decreased) Corporate taxes
Maintain Statuse) Gasoline taxes
Eliminatef) Inheritance taxes
g) Other or expanded categories

Deductions/Credits

Maintain Statusa) Charitable contribution deduction
Slightly Increaseb) Child tax credit
Maintain Statusc) Earned income tax credit
Greatly Increased) Medical expense deduction
Maintain Statuse) Mortgage deduction
Slightly Increasef) Student loan credit
g) Other or expanded categories
Yes4) Do you support the permanent repeal of the federal estate tax?
Yes5) Do you support requiring the federal budget to be balanced each year?
6) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance and government reform.

Xa) Support increasing the amount individuals are permitted to contribute to federal campaigns.
b) Prohibit Political Action Committee (PAC) contributions to candidates for federal office.
c) Allow unregulated soft money campaign contributions to political parties or committees.
d) Remove all contribution limits on federal campaigns and parties.
e) Support prohibiting ads containing candidates' name that are paid for by third parties from airing 60 days before a primary and 30 days before a general federal election.
f) Support instant run-off voting (IRV).
g) Support designating Election Day as a national holiday.
Xh) Support giving the President the power of the line item veto for items concerning appropriations.
i) Support limiting the President's use of signing statements in order to prevent an alternative interpretation of the bill.
j) Support a federal shield law to protect reporter-source privilege.
k) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding crime.

Xa) Support the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
b) Eliminate the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
Xc) Support programs to provide prison inmates with vocational and job-related skills and job-placement assistance when released.
Xd) Support programs to provide prison inmates with drug and alcohol addiction treatment.
e) Reduce prison sentences for those who commit non-violent crimes.
f) Support mandatory jail sentences for selling illegal drugs.
g) Support strict penalties for internet crime (e.g. hacking, identity theft, worms/viruses).
h) Require that crimes based on sexual orientation be prosecuted as federal hate crimes.
i) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding education.

a) Support the federal government funding universal pre-K programs.
Xb) Allow parents to use vouchers to send their children to any public school.
Xc) Allow parents to use vouchers to send their children to any private or religious school.
Xd) Allow teachers and professionals to receive federal funding to establish charter or magnet schools.
Xe) Increase funding for the Pell Grant program.
Xf) Decrease interest rates of Stafford Loans.
Xg) Support federal tax incentives to help families save for college.
h) Ban university financial aid officers from owning stock in or accepting gifts from student loan lenders.
i) Require universities to disclose financial relationships with lenders.
j) Support federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students (No Child Left Behind).
k) Eliminate all federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students (No Child Left Behind).
l) Other or expanded principles

States should be given broad authority to meet the goals of No Child Left Behind.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding employment.

Xa) Increase funding for national job-training programs that retrain displaced workers or teach skills needed in today’s job market.
Xb) Reduce government regulation of the private sector.
Xc) Encourage employers to offer child care services, flex-time scheduling, comp-time, and unpaid leave for family emergencies.
d) Increase the federal minimum wage.
e) Support the right of workers to unionize.
f) Eliminate all federal programs designed to reduce unemployment.
g) Include sexual orientation in federal anti-discrimination laws.
h) Include gender identity in federal anti-discrimination laws.
i) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the environment and energy.

a) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Water Act.
b) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Air Act.
Xc) Support increased development of traditional energy resources (e.g. coal, natural gas, oil).
d) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles.
e) Strengthen fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles.
Xf) Support domestic oil exploration in areas that are currently restricted.
Xg) Encourage further development and use of alternative fuels.
Xh) Support the use of ethanol as an alternative fuel.
Xi) Support research and development of nuclear reactors as an alternative energy source.
j) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits under "cap and trade" laws.
k) Support international mandatory emission targets to limit global warming.
l) Support international voluntary emission targets to limit global warming.
m) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding guns.

Xa) Allow individuals to carry concealed guns.
b) Ban the sale, ownership or possession of handguns except by law enforcement and other government officials.

On (c) and (d), indicate what levels (#1-6) you support for the following categories.

Maintain Statusc) Enforcement of existing restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
Maintain Statusd) Restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
e) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health.

a) Implement a universal healthcare program to guarantee coverage to all Americans, regardless of income.
Xb) Expand eligibility for tax-free medical savings accounts.
c) Allow the importation of prescription drugs into the United States.
d) Support expanding prescription drug coverage under Medicare.
Xe) Offer tax credits to individuals and small businesses to offset the cost of insurance coverage.
f) Support expanding child healthcare programs.
g) Providing healthcare is not a responsibility of the federal government.
h) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding immigration.

Xa) Decrease the number of legal immigrants allowed into the country.
Xb) Establish English as the official national language.
Xc) Support a temporary worker program.
Xd) Support harsher financial punishments for those who knowingly employ illegal immigrants.
e) Support amnesty for illegal immigrants already working in the United States.
Xf) Illegal immigrants should have to return to their countries of origin before being considered for citizenship.
Xg) Illegal immigrants should be given a pathway to citizenship.
h) Support merit-based visas over family-based visas.
i) Other or expanded principles

International Aid

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding international aid.

Xa) Support the United States granting aid to countries when extraordinary circumstances cause disaster and threaten civilian lives.
Xb) Support the United States granting aid to countries when it is in the security interests of the United States.
c) Eliminate United States aid for any nation with documented human rights abuses.
d) Aid granted by the United States should be scaled back and eventually eliminated.
e) Other or expanded principles

International Policy

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding international policy.

Yesa) Should the United States continue to provide leadership in the Israeli-Palestinian peace process?
Yesb) Should the United States support the creation of a Palestinian state?
Yesc) Should the United States impose greater international sanctions on Iran if it continues to defy United Nations mandates?
Yesd) Should the United States support the Lebanese government against insurgent forces?
Yese) Should the United States maintain its troop levels in Iraq?
Nof) Should the United States withdraw its troops from Iraq?
g) Discuss your proposals for Iraq.

My position is that the Iraqis need to do more, and we need to start doing less. We have sacrificed greatly to end a regime that harbored and promoted terrorism, including gassing its own people, but now is the time for free Iraqis to take control. American troops should not remain in Iraq a day longer than necessary, but we cannot simply walk away just as the country is beginning to stabilize. A viable and stable Iraq is vital to the long-term security of our nation, and we must not abandon the mission at this critical time.

Undecidedh) Should the United States apply greater economic and diplomatic sanctions against North Korea if it fails to abide by its agreement to suspend its nuclear program?
Noi) Should the United States increase financial support for Afghanistan?
Noj) Should the United States increase military support for Afghanistan?
Yesk) Should the United States trade nuclear fuel to India for civilian purposes?
Nol) Should the United States decrease financial support for Pakistan?
Nom) Should the United States decrease military support for Pakistan?
Yesn) Should the United States be involved in bringing an end to the violence in Darfur, Sudan?
Yeso) Should the United States be involved in bringing an end to the violence in the Democratic Republic of Congo?
Yesp) Should the United States provide economic and military support to the Transitional Government of Somalia?
Yesq) Should the United States use sanctions to encourage the government of Zimbabwe to end its human rights abuses?
Yesr) Should the United States support the creation of an independent nation of Kosovo?
s) Other or expanded principles

International Trade

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding international trade.

Noa) Do you support the United States imposing economic sanctions on China?
Yesb) Do you support the United States imposing trade sanctions on Venezuela?
Yesc) Do you support the United States involvement in free trade agreements?
Yesd) Do you support the United States involvement in intergovernmental organizations dedicated to trade?
e) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding national security.

Yesa) Do you support using military tribunals to try suspected terrorists when ordinary civilian courts are deemed inappropriate or impractical?
Nob) Should law enforcement agencies have greater discretion to monitor domestic communications, to prevent future terrorist attacks?
Yesc) Should the United States hold foreign states accountable for terrorists who operate in their country?
Undecidedd) Should the federal government increase funding to states and cities for homeland security?
Undecidede) Do you support pre-emptive military strikes against countries deemed to be a threat to United States national security?
Nof) Do you support the creation of a federal identification card system?
Yesg) Do you support long-term use of National Guard troops to supplement the armed forces in assignments overseas?
Yesh) Should the United States expand its missile defense shield?
i) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding social issues.

Noa) Should same-sex couples be allowed to marry?
Yesb) Do you support a federal constitutional amendment defining marriage as between a man and a woman?
Yesc) Do you support federal funding for research on existing embryonic stem cell lines?
Nod) Do you support federal funding to create lines of stem cells from new embryos?
Noe) Should the federal government consider race and gender in government contracting decisions?
Nof) Should the federal government continue affirmative action programs?
Yesg) Should the federal government regulate internet gambling?
h) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Social Security.

Xa) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts that they manage themselves.
b) Ensure the viability of Social Security by increasing the payroll tax.
c) Decrease benefits paid to retirees.
d) Support proportional increases of Social Security benefits based on the cost of living index.
e) Raise the retirement age for individual eligibility to receive full Social Security benefits.
f) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding welfare and poverty.

Xa) Require welfare recipients to spend at least 40 hours a week in a combination of work and training programs.
Xb) Continue to give states and local governments flexibility in and responsibility for welfare programs through federal block grants.
Xc) Support housing assistance for welfare recipients.
d) Abolish all federal welfare programs.
e) Other or expanded principles
Please explain in a total of 100 words or less, your top two or three priorities if elected. If they require additional funding for implementation, please explain how you would obtain this funding.