Representative Frederick 'Fred' Stephen Upton's Political Positions

Office: U.S. House (MI) - District 6, Republican
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Fred Upton has refused to provide voters with positions on key issues covered by the 2014 Political Courage Test, despite repeated requests. Fred Upton is still welcome to submit the test at any time.

What is the Political Courage Test?

This candidate has demonstrated 0% courage during the test.

*Note: This percentage is calculated based on the number of issue areas addressed by the candidate on the Political Courage Test at the conclusion of the testing period. It does not indicate support or lack of support by Project Vote Smart.

Issue Positions

In response to the increasing unwillingness of candidates to answer issue questions, Project Vote Smart has researched Presidential and Congressional candidates' public records to determine candidates' likely responses on certain key issues. These are provided below as a courtesy to voters.

Vote Smart's Research

  • Fred Upton. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be legally available."
  • Fred Upton. H Amdt 722. 106th Congress. Oversea Military Abortions Amendment. Fred Upton voted Nay on 05/18/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. H Amdt 95. 112th Congress. Prohibiting Use of Federal Funds For Planned Parenthood. Fred Upton voted Yea on 02/18/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. H Amdt 187. 105th Congress. Overseas Military Facilities Abortion Amendment. Fred Upton voted Nay on 06/19/1997. (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. HR 3660. 106th Congress. Ban on Partial-Birth/Late Term Abortion. Fred Upton voted Yea on 04/05/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • National Right to Life Committee. 04/18/2012. "Fred Upton supported the interests of the National Right to Life Committee 83 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. H Amdt 156. 106th Congress. Overseas Military Abortion Amendment. Fred Upton voted Nay on 06/09/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • National Organization for Women. 04/18/2012. "On the votes used to calculate its ratings, the National Organization for Women attaches more value to those votes it considers more important. For 2008, the National Organization for Women gave Fred Upton a rating of 63 percent." (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. HR 670. 103th Congress. Abortion Counseling Bill. Fred Upton voted Yea on 03/25/1993. (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. H Amdt 882. 106th Congress. Prison Abortion Funding Amendment. Fred Upton voted Nay on 06/22/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. HR 748. 109th Congress. Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act. Fred Upton voted Yea on 04/27/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. S 403. 110th Congress. Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act. Fred Upton voted Yea on 09/26/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. H Amdt 436. 104th Congress. Overseas Military Abortion Amendment. Fred Upton voted Nay on 06/15/1995. (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. H AMDT 209. 109th Congress. Overseas Military Facilities Abortion Amendment. Fred Upton voted Nay on 05/25/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. H Amdt 185. 103th Congress. Hyde Amendment. Fred Upton voted Yea on 06/30/1993. (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. HR 3. 112th Congress. Prohibiting Taxpayer Funding of Abortion. Fred Upton voted Yea on 05/04/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. H Amdt 509. 111th Congress. Prohibiting Federally Funded Abortion Services. Fred Upton voted Yea on 11/07/2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Planned Parenthood. 04/18/2012. "Fred Upton supported the interests of Planned Parenthood 14 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. H Amdt 1017. 106th Congress. Abortion Funding Amendment. Fred Upton voted Nay on 07/20/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • NARAL Pro-Choice America. 04/18/2012. "Fred Upton supported the interests of the NARAL Pro-Choice America 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. HR 3682. 106th Congress. Child Custody Protection Act. Fred Upton voted Yea on 07/15/1998. (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. H Amdt 643. 106th Congress. Abortion Private Funding Restoration Amendment. Fred Upton voted Nay on 05/20/1998. (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. HR 6099. 110th Congress. Abortion Pain Bill. Fred Upton voted Yea on 12/06/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Fred Upton. Pitts Holds Hearing to Discuss "Protect Life Act" 9 February 2011. "A clear majority of Americans share our view that taxpayers' dollars should not be used to pay for elective abortions," said Chairman Fred Upton (R-MI). "Unfortunately, the massive health care plan that was ultimately enacted by Congress contains numerous loopholes that allow federal subsidies to be used to purchase plans that pay for abortions. This legislation proposed by Chairman Pitts amends the health bill to clearly prevent federal funding for abortion or abortion coverage through government exchanges, community health centers, or any other program funded or created by the new law." (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. Upton, Pitts Welcome House Passage of Protect Life Act. 13 October 2011. "I commend Chairman Pitts for his leadership on this important issue. The health care law contains numerous loopholes that allow federal subsidies to be used to purchase plans that pay for abortion. Today, the House fulfilled an important commitment in the Pledge to America, and respected the will of the majority of Americans who do not want their tax dollars used to fund abortions. I applaud my colleagues in the House for their support on this important legislation, and I urge the Senate to follow our lead to ensure Americans are not forced to subsidize abortions." (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. Issue Position: Healthcare. 1 January 2011. "As a pro-life Member of Congress, I oppose the misuse of federal taxpayer dollars for abortion services. As Chairman of the Energy and Commerce Committee, I will work to pass legislation -- such as Representative Joe Pitts' Protect Life Act -- to permanently codify restrictions on federal abortion funding. I have supported both the successful ban on partial-birth abortion and the passage of the Unborn Victims of Violence Act, which recognizes an unborn child as a legal victim. I have also supported efforts to criminalize the circumvention of parental notification laws and have fought to uphold the "conscience clause," which protects healthcare providers who refuse to provide abortion services." (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. Op-Ed - A Referendum for Repeal. 10 November 2010. "Most alarmingly, the bill allows federal funds to go toward abortion services for the first time ever, which goes against the strong pro-life values that many American taxpayers, including myself, hold dear. In the next Congress, my very top priority will be to make sure that bills authored by my colleagues Joe Pitts and Chris Smith, which ensure that not a dime of taxpayer dollars go toward abortions, pass swiftly through the House." (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. Hearing of the Health Subcommittee of the House Energy and Commerce Committee - "H.R.__, the Protect Life Act of 2011". 9 February 2011. "Those of us who support the Hyde amendment are encouraged by the fact that its enactment has contributed to a reduction in the number of abortions and saved the lives of thousands of unborn children. A clear majority of Americans share our view that taxpayers' dollars should not be used to pay for elective abortions. President Obama, among others, says that he wants to make abortion "rare." Let's find common ground on this legislation by acknowledging that abortion is not health care and conscientiously opposed taxpayers should not be forced to subsidize abortion." (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. Op-Ed - Restoring the Oversight Our Founding Fathers Intended. 4 October 2010. "Furthermore, Speaker Pelosi commandeered health reform to advance the left's social agenda. As a result, the law could allow federally subsidized abortions for the first time since the advent of the Hyde Amendment. For me and other pro-life Republicans, this cannot and will not stand." (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. H Amdt 722. 106th Congress. Oversea Military Abortions Amendment. Fred Upton voted Nay on 05/18/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. H Amdt 95. 112th Congress. Prohibiting Use of Federal Funds For Planned Parenthood. Fred Upton voted Yea on 02/18/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. H Amdt 187. 105th Congress. Overseas Military Facilities Abortion Amendment. Fred Upton voted Nay on 06/19/1997. (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. HR 3660. 106th Congress. Ban on Partial-Birth/Late Term Abortion. Fred Upton voted Yea on 04/05/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • National Right to Life Committee. 04/18/2012. "Fred Upton supported the interests of the National Right to Life Committee 83 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. H Amdt 156. 106th Congress. Overseas Military Abortion Amendment. Fred Upton voted Nay on 06/09/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • National Organization for Women. 04/18/2012. "On the votes used to calculate its ratings, the National Organization for Women attaches more value to those votes it considers more important. For 2008, the National Organization for Women gave Fred Upton a rating of 63 percent." (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. HR 670. 103th Congress. Abortion Counseling Bill. Fred Upton voted Yea on 03/25/1993. (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. H Amdt 882. 106th Congress. Prison Abortion Funding Amendment. Fred Upton voted Nay on 06/22/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. HR 748. 109th Congress. Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act. Fred Upton voted Yea on 04/27/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. S 403. 110th Congress. Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act. Fred Upton voted Yea on 09/26/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. H Amdt 436. 104th Congress. Overseas Military Abortion Amendment. Fred Upton voted Nay on 06/15/1995. (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. H AMDT 209. 109th Congress. Overseas Military Facilities Abortion Amendment. Fred Upton voted Nay on 05/25/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. H Amdt 185. 103th Congress. Hyde Amendment. Fred Upton voted Yea on 06/30/1993. (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. HR 3. 112th Congress. Prohibiting Taxpayer Funding of Abortion. Fred Upton voted Yea on 05/04/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. H Amdt 509. 111th Congress. Prohibiting Federally Funded Abortion Services. Fred Upton voted Yea on 11/07/2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Planned Parenthood. 04/18/2012. "Fred Upton supported the interests of Planned Parenthood 14 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. H Amdt 1017. 106th Congress. Abortion Funding Amendment. Fred Upton voted Nay on 07/20/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • NARAL Pro-Choice America. 04/18/2012. "Fred Upton supported the interests of the NARAL Pro-Choice America 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. HR 3682. 106th Congress. Child Custody Protection Act. Fred Upton voted Yea on 07/15/1998. (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. H Amdt 643. 106th Congress. Abortion Private Funding Restoration Amendment. Fred Upton voted Nay on 05/20/1998. (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. HR 6099. 110th Congress. Abortion Pain Bill. Fred Upton voted Yea on 12/06/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Fred Upton. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be legally available."
  • Fred Upton. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "h) Prohibit public funding of abortions and public funding of organizations that advocate or perform abortions."
  • Family Research Council. 04/18/2012. "Fred Upton supported the interests of the Family Research Council 87 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. Pitts Holds Hearing to Discuss "Protect Life Act" 9 February 2011. "A clear majority of Americans share our view that taxpayers' dollars should not be used to pay for elective abortions," said Chairman Fred Upton (R-MI). "Unfortunately, the massive health care plan that was ultimately enacted by Congress contains numerous loopholes that allow federal subsidies to be used to purchase plans that pay for abortions. This legislation proposed by Chairman Pitts amends the health bill to clearly prevent federal funding for abortion or abortion coverage through government exchanges, community health centers, or any other program funded or created by the new law." (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. Upton, Pitts Welcome House Passage of Protect Life Act. 13 October 2011. "I commend Chairman Pitts for his leadership on this important issue. The health care law contains numerous loopholes that allow federal subsidies to be used to purchase plans that pay for abortion. Today, the House fulfilled an important commitment in the Pledge to America, and respected the will of the majority of Americans who do not want their tax dollars used to fund abortions. I applaud my colleagues in the House for their support on this important legislation, and I urge the Senate to follow our lead to ensure Americans are not forced to subsidize abortions." (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. Issue Position: Healthcare. 1 January 2011. "As a pro-life Member of Congress, I oppose the misuse of federal taxpayer dollars for abortion services. As Chairman of the Energy and Commerce Committee, I will work to pass legislation -- such as Representative Joe Pitts' Protect Life Act -- to permanently codify restrictions on federal abortion funding. I have supported both the successful ban on partial-birth abortion and the passage of the Unborn Victims of Violence Act, which recognizes an unborn child as a legal victim. I have also supported efforts to criminalize the circumvention of parental notification laws and have fought to uphold the "conscience clause," which protects healthcare providers who refuse to provide abortion services." (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. Op-Ed - A Referendum for Repeal. 10 November 2010. "Most alarmingly, the bill allows federal funds to go toward abortion services for the first time ever, which goes against the strong pro-life values that many American taxpayers, including myself, hold dear. In the next Congress, my very top priority will be to make sure that bills authored by my colleagues Joe Pitts and Chris Smith, which ensure that not a dime of taxpayer dollars go toward abortions, pass swiftly through the House." (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. Hearing of the Health Subcommittee of the House Energy and Commerce Committee - "H.R.__, the Protect Life Act of 2011". 9 February 2011. "Those of us who support the Hyde amendment are encouraged by the fact that its enactment has contributed to a reduction in the number of abortions and saved the lives of thousands of unborn children. A clear majority of Americans share our view that taxpayers' dollars should not be used to pay for elective abortions. President Obama, among others, says that he wants to make abortion "rare." Let's find common ground on this legislation by acknowledging that abortion is not health care and conscientiously opposed taxpayers should not be forced to subsidize abortion." (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. Op-Ed - Restoring the Oversight Our Founding Fathers Intended. 4 October 2010. "Furthermore, Speaker Pelosi commandeered health reform to advance the left's social agenda. As a result, the law could allow federally subsidized abortions for the first time since the advent of the Hyde Amendment. For me and other pro-life Republicans, this cannot and will not stand." (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "h) Prohibit public funding of abortions and public funding of organizations that advocate or perform abortions."
  • Family Research Council. 04/18/2012. "Fred Upton supported the interests of the Family Research Council 87 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Fred Upton. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "6) Do you support requiring a super-majority vote in both houses of Congress to raise taxes?"
  • Fred Upton signed Americans for Tax Reform: Taxpayer Protection Pledge. "I, Fred Upton, pledge to the taxpayers of the 6th district of the state of Michigan and to the American people that I will: ONE, oppose any and all efforts to increase the marginal tax rate for individuals and businesses; and TWO, oppose any net reduction or elimination of deductions and credits, unless matched dollar for dollar by further reducing taxes." (s3.amazonaws.com)
  • Fred Upton. HR 1836. 107th Congress. Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act, 2001. Fred Upton voted Yea on 05/16/2001. (votesmart.org)
  • National Taxpayers Union. 04/18/2012. "Fred Upton supported reasonable tax and spending policies as defined by the National Taxpayers Union 86 percent of the time in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Tax Reform. 04/18/2012. "Fred Upton supported the interests of the Americans for Tax Reform 90 percent in 2007." (votesmart.org)
  • Citizens for Tax Justice. 04/18/2012. "Fred Upton supported the interests of the Citizens for Tax Justice 17 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "6) Do you support requiring a super-majority vote in both houses of Congress to raise taxes?"
  • Fred Upton signed Americans for Tax Reform: Taxpayer Protection Pledge. "I, Fred Upton, pledge to the taxpayers of the 6th district of the state of Michigan and to the American people that I will: ONE, oppose any and all efforts to increase the marginal tax rate for individuals and businesses; and TWO, oppose any net reduction or elimination of deductions and credits, unless matched dollar for dollar by further reducing taxes." (s3.amazonaws.com)
  • Fred Upton. HR 1836. 107th Congress. Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act, 2001. Fred Upton voted Yea on 05/16/2001. (votesmart.org)
  • National Taxpayers Union. 04/18/2012. "Fred Upton supported reasonable tax and spending policies as defined by the National Taxpayers Union 86 percent of the time in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Tax Reform. 04/18/2012. "Fred Upton supported the interests of the Americans for Tax Reform 90 percent in 2007." (votesmart.org)
  • Citizens for Tax Justice. 04/18/2012. "Fred Upton supported the interests of the Citizens for Tax Justice 17 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Fred Upton. Upton Statement on Stimulus Package. 28 January 2009. "I was encouraged by our meeting with President Obama on Tuesday and am heartened that he will fulfill his pledge to work together in crafting a bipartisan package that will swiftly benefit those folks who need it most. The President understands the need for both tax relief and infrastructure spending - the need for a plan that can succeed with the support of both Republicans and Democrats. The 244 to 188 result, without a single Republican vote in support demonstrates that this was not a bipartisan bill and thus not the first step we should take to turn the economy around." (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. Upton, House Vote to Pass Budge. 29 March 2012. "'The House Republican budget takes the responsible and necessary steps to put our nation's fiscal house back in order through real cuts and long term reforms," stated Upton. "Families in southwest Michigan are already making tough choices with their own budgets -- it is time for the federal government to do the same. We cannot afford to get by spending trillions we do not have and passing that debt along to future generations.' Through a number of provisions the House budget would also reform the broken tax code to make it simple, fair, and competitive; put the federal government back on the path to a balanced budget; prevent deep and indiscriminate cuts to the national defense; and protect and strengthen Medicare for current retirees and future generations." (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. House Passes Upton's 'No More Solyndras Act. 14 September 2012. "We can create good-paying jobs and reduce energy prices through a commitment to North American energy production, but as the case of Solyndra proves, government should not be in the business of picking winners and losers." (upton.house.gov)
  • Fred Upton. Issue Position: Spending. 1 January 2011. "American families have made difficult budgetary decisions to live within their means -- it is long past time for government to do the same. I support an amendment to the U.S. Constitution of the United States that would prohibit federal spending for any fiscal year from exceeding total receipts for that fiscal year (except those derived from borrowing), unless explicitly authorized by both bodies of Congress by a three-fifths vote. The amendment would also require a three-fifths vote of each chamber to increase the public debt limit." (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. On 2nd Anniversary of the Stimulus, Upton Seeks Answers from Dept. of Energy on Half Billion Dollar Bust. 17 February 2011. "In the two years since the stimulus was signed into law, we've hemorrhaged 1.8 million private sector jobs, endured 21 consecutive months of 9 percent or higher unemployment, and mortgaged the futures of our kids and grand kids. More spending and government is not the answer to all our ills." (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Prosperity. 04/18/2012. "Fred Upton supported the interests of the Americans for Prosperity 95 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. HR 1424. 110th Congress. Financial Asset Purchase Authority and Tax Law Amendments. Fred Upton voted Yea on 10/03/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • The Club for Growth. 04/18/2012. "On the votes used to calculate its ratings, The Club for Growth attaches more value to those votes it considers more important. For 2010, The Club for Growth gave Fred Upton a rating of 85 percent." (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. HR 5297. 112th Congress. Small Business Lending Fund and Tax Law Amendments. Fred Upton voted Nay on 09/23/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. Fiscal Responsibility. 22 August 2012. "He is working hard to cut federal spending and reduce the size of our bloated government. Fred has voted to enact real spending cuts to reduce our deficit and supports major budgetary reforms to put us back on a sound fiscal footing. He is a supporter of the constitutional Balanced Budget Amendment, which would require the federal government to live within its means each year, just like the rest of us. He is also a longtime proponent of the presidential line-item veto, which would allow the President to propose cuts to wasteful spending in legislation passed by Congress “ regardless of which political party is in control." (fredupton.com)
  • Fred Upton. The Hill - What Happened to 'Recovery Summer'?. 17 June 2011. "So far, the White House and congressional Democrats have used a trial and error approach on economic policies. They wasted $1.16 trillion (total cost with interest) on a stimulus project that, by the Democrats' own standards, was a complete failure. Rather than push another big-spending bill, House Republicans are offering a Plan for America's Job Creators. Common sense tells us if we want to create jobs, we need to empower job creators. For our part, the House Energy and Commerce Committee is using a fine-tooth comb to examine regulations already on the rulebooks to eliminate the red tape that is tying job creators' hands." (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. Upton Applauds House Passage of "Cut, Cap, and Balance Act" to Address Nation's Fiscal Crisis. 19 July 2011. "U.S. Representative Fred Upton (R-St. Joseph), chairman of the House Energy and Commerce Committee, this evening joined his House colleagues in voting to pass the "Cut, Cap, and Balance Act of 2011" (H.R. 2560), an innovative three-pronged approach to tackle our nation's soaring debt and put our fiscal house back in order. Specifically, this legislation would cut total spending by $111 billion in FY 2012, reducing non-defense discretionary spending below FY 2008, pre-stimulus levels; implement statutory spending caps to bring federal spending in line with the historic average of 20 percent of gross domestic product (GDP) by 2021; and require congressional passage of a Balanced Budget Amendment to the Constitution. Upton, a cosponsor of H.R. 2560, has long supported all three provisions of the bill as meaningful, long-term budgetary reforms. 'Michigan families and small business owners have made the difficult choices to live within their means -- it is long past time for Washington to do the same," said Upton. "We simply cannot afford to continue spending money that we do not have. To restore economic confidence and encourage job creation, we must act to drastically reduce our debt burden and put our fiscal house back in order. That not only means substantial cuts in federal spending, but comprehensive reforms that will put us on a path to a balanced budget.'" (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. Upton Praises Passage of Bipartisan Transportation Agreement . 29 June 2012. "Congressman Fred Upton (R-St. Joseph) today joined the House of Representatives in voting to pass a final House-Senate agreement of transportation legislation that supports jobs and the nation's infrastructure. Upton served as one of the House negotiators of the package, which among other things reauthorizes expiring federal highway and surface transportation programs through September 2014 [¦] 'This agreement reflects our commitment to jobs, safety, and smaller government. By eliminating bureaucratic red tape and focusing taxpayer dollars on high-priority projects, this agreement will support American jobs and infrastructure projects to improve the safety of our nation's roads and bridges." (upton.house.gov)
  • Fred Upton. On 2nd Anniversary of the Stimulus, Upton Seeks Answers from Dept. of Energy on Half Billion Dollar Bust. 17 February 2011. "In the two years since the stimulus was signed into law, we've hemorrhaged 1.8 million private sector jobs, endured 21 consecutive months of 9 percent or higher unemployment, and mortgaged the futures of our kids and grand kids. More spending and government is not the answer to all our ills." (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. Upton Statement on Stimulus Package. 28 January 2009. "I was encouraged by our meeting with President Obama on Tuesday and am heartened that he will fulfill his pledge to work together in crafting a bipartisan package that will swiftly benefit those folks who need it most. The President understands the need for both tax relief and infrastructure spending - the need for a plan that can succeed with the support of both Republicans and Democrats. The 244 to 188 result, without a single Republican vote in support demonstrates that this was not a bipartisan bill and thus not the first step we should take to turn the economy around." (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. Upton, House Vote to Pass Budge. 29 March 2012. "'The House Republican budget takes the responsible and necessary steps to put our nation's fiscal house back in order through real cuts and long term reforms," stated Upton. "Families in southwest Michigan are already making tough choices with their own budgets -- it is time for the federal government to do the same. We cannot afford to get by spending trillions we do not have and passing that debt along to future generations.' Through a number of provisions the House budget would also reform the broken tax code to make it simple, fair, and competitive; put the federal government back on the path to a balanced budget; prevent deep and indiscriminate cuts to the national defense; and protect and strengthen Medicare for current retirees and future generations." (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. House Passes Upton's 'No More Solyndras Act. 14 September 2012. "We can create good-paying jobs and reduce energy prices through a commitment to North American energy production, but as the case of Solyndra proves, government should not be in the business of picking winners and losers." (upton.house.gov)
  • Fred Upton. Issue Position: Spending. 1 January 2011. "American families have made difficult budgetary decisions to live within their means -- it is long past time for government to do the same. I support an amendment to the U.S. Constitution of the United States that would prohibit federal spending for any fiscal year from exceeding total receipts for that fiscal year (except those derived from borrowing), unless explicitly authorized by both bodies of Congress by a three-fifths vote. The amendment would also require a three-fifths vote of each chamber to increase the public debt limit." (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Prosperity. 04/18/2012. "Fred Upton supported the interests of the Americans for Prosperity 95 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. HR 1424. 110th Congress. Financial Asset Purchase Authority and Tax Law Amendments. Fred Upton voted Yea on 10/03/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • The Club for Growth. 04/18/2012. "On the votes used to calculate its ratings, The Club for Growth attaches more value to those votes it considers more important. For 2010, The Club for Growth gave Fred Upton a rating of 85 percent." (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. HR 5297. 112th Congress. Small Business Lending Fund and Tax Law Amendments. Fred Upton voted Nay on 09/23/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. Fiscal Responsibility. 22 August 2012. "He is working hard to cut federal spending and reduce the size of our bloated government. Fred has voted to enact real spending cuts to reduce our deficit and supports major budgetary reforms to put us back on a sound fiscal footing. He is a supporter of the constitutional Balanced Budget Amendment, which would require the federal government to live within its means each year, just like the rest of us. He is also a longtime proponent of the presidential line-item veto, which would allow the President to propose cuts to wasteful spending in legislation passed by Congress “ regardless of which political party is in control." (fredupton.com)
  • Fred Upton. The Hill - What Happened to 'Recovery Summer'?. 17 June 2011. "So far, the White House and congressional Democrats have used a trial and error approach on economic policies. They wasted $1.16 trillion (total cost with interest) on a stimulus project that, by the Democrats' own standards, was a complete failure. Rather than push another big-spending bill, House Republicans are offering a Plan for America's Job Creators. Common sense tells us if we want to create jobs, we need to empower job creators. For our part, the House Energy and Commerce Committee is using a fine-tooth comb to examine regulations already on the rulebooks to eliminate the red tape that is tying job creators' hands." (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. Upton Applauds House Passage of "Cut, Cap, and Balance Act" to Address Nation's Fiscal Crisis. 19 July 2011. "U.S. Representative Fred Upton (R-St. Joseph), chairman of the House Energy and Commerce Committee, this evening joined his House colleagues in voting to pass the "Cut, Cap, and Balance Act of 2011" (H.R. 2560), an innovative three-pronged approach to tackle our nation's soaring debt and put our fiscal house back in order. Specifically, this legislation would cut total spending by $111 billion in FY 2012, reducing non-defense discretionary spending below FY 2008, pre-stimulus levels; implement statutory spending caps to bring federal spending in line with the historic average of 20 percent of gross domestic product (GDP) by 2021; and require congressional passage of a Balanced Budget Amendment to the Constitution. Upton, a cosponsor of H.R. 2560, has long supported all three provisions of the bill as meaningful, long-term budgetary reforms. 'Michigan families and small business owners have made the difficult choices to live within their means -- it is long past time for Washington to do the same," said Upton. "We simply cannot afford to continue spending money that we do not have. To restore economic confidence and encourage job creation, we must act to drastically reduce our debt burden and put our fiscal house back in order. That not only means substantial cuts in federal spending, but comprehensive reforms that will put us on a path to a balanced budget.'" (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. Upton Praises Passage of Bipartisan Transportation Agreement . 29 June 2012. "Congressman Fred Upton (R-St. Joseph) today joined the House of Representatives in voting to pass a final House-Senate agreement of transportation legislation that supports jobs and the nation's infrastructure. Upton served as one of the House negotiators of the package, which among other things reauthorizes expiring federal highway and surface transportation programs through September 2014 [¦] 'This agreement reflects our commitment to jobs, safety, and smaller government. By eliminating bureaucratic red tape and focusing taxpayer dollars on high-priority projects, this agreement will support American jobs and infrastructure projects to improve the safety of our nation's roads and bridges." (upton.house.gov)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Fred Upton. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Slightly Increase" for: "1) Indicate what levels of federal funding you support for the following categories. Select one number (level) only. c) Education (K-12)"
  • Fred Upton. Upton Congratulates Students at Kalamazoo Central. 4 May 2010. "Congressman Fred Upton (R-St. Joseph) made the following statement following today's announcement that Kalamazoo Central High School won the President's first annual 2010 Race to the Top High School Commencement Challenge. The President of the United States will be the school's commencement speaker on June 10th. 'Congratulations to the students at Kalamazoo Central and the entire community whose remarkable outpouring of support made this extraordinary announcement possible. K-Central's place in the national spotlight is a testament to Kalamazoo, whose leaders stepped up with the profound gift of the Promise that provides our youth the opportunity to receive an education despite the very difficult economic climate. Having visited K-Central again just last month, I continue to be impressed with the students' passion to learn and to better themselves through education as they represent the leaders of tomorrow. Winning the Commencement Challenge is a great achievement for the students, parents and faculty - we have so much to be proud of here in Kalamazoo.'" (upton.house.gov)
  • Fred Upton. Conference Report on H.R. 1350, Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004. 19 November 2010. "The NCLB ensures, of course, that all children will be taught by highly qualified teachers. All children need to be taught by highly qualified teachers, and special education teachers are particularly in demand. To meet that goal, the NCLB is providing dramatic funding increases for teacher quality grants, and funds can be used for training and professional development specifically for special education teachers." (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Local" for: "Indicate which level of government that should have primary responsibility for the following services. Select one level only. c) Education"
  • Fred Upton. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Support national standards and testing in reading and math."
  • Fred Upton. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Slightly Increase" for: "1) Indicate what levels of federal funding you support for the following categories. Select one number (level) only. c) Education (K-12)" 1) Indicate what levels of federal funding you support for the following categories. Select one number (level) only. Other or expanded principles: "Health Research -- Greatly Increase"
  • Fred Upton. HR 1804. 104th Congress. Goals 2000: Educate America Act. Fred Upton voted Yea on 03/23/1994. (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. HR 2300. 106th Congress. Academic Achievement for All Act. Fred Upton voted Yea on 10/21/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Give all federal education funding to states in the form of block grants and allow them to spend it as they see fit."
  • Fred Upton. Upton Congratulates Students at Kalamazoo Central. 4 May 2010. "Congressman Fred Upton (R-St. Joseph) made the following statement following today's announcement that Kalamazoo Central High School won the President's first annual 2010 Race to the Top High School Commencement Challenge. The President of the United States will be the school's commencement speaker on June 10th. 'Congratulations to the students at Kalamazoo Central and the entire community whose remarkable outpouring of support made this extraordinary announcement possible. K-Central's place in the national spotlight is a testament to Kalamazoo, whose leaders stepped up with the profound gift of the Promise that provides our youth the opportunity to receive an education despite the very difficult economic climate. Having visited K-Central again just last month, I continue to be impressed with the students' passion to learn and to better themselves through education as they represent the leaders of tomorrow. Winning the Commencement Challenge is a great achievement for the students, parents and faculty - we have so much to be proud of here in Kalamazoo.'" (upton.house.gov)
  • Fred Upton. Conference Report on H.R. 1350, Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004. 19 November 2010. "The NCLB ensures, of course, that all children will be taught by highly qualified teachers. All children need to be taught by highly qualified teachers, and special education teachers are particularly in demand. To meet that goal, the NCLB is providing dramatic funding increases for teacher quality grants, and funds can be used for training and professional development specifically for special education teachers." (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Local" for: "Indicate which level of government that should have primary responsibility for the following services. Select one level only. c) Education"
  • Fred Upton. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Support national standards and testing in reading and math."
  • Fred Upton. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Slightly Increase" for: "1) Indicate what levels of federal funding you support for the following categories. Select one number (level) only. c) Education (K-12)" 1) Indicate what levels of federal funding you support for the following categories. Select one number (level) only. Other or expanded principles: "Health Research -- Greatly Increase"
  • Fred Upton. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Slightly Increase" for: "1) Indicate what levels of federal funding you support for the following categories. Select one number (level) only. c) Education (K-12)"
  • Fred Upton. HR 1804. 104th Congress. Goals 2000: Educate America Act. Fred Upton voted Yea on 03/23/1994. (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. HR 2300. 106th Congress. Academic Achievement for All Act. Fred Upton voted Yea on 10/21/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Give all federal education funding to states in the form of block grants and allow them to spend it as they see fit."

Vote Smart's Research

Vote Smart's Research

  • Fred Upton. HR 2454. 111th Congress. Energy and Environmental Law Amendments ("Cap and Trade"). Fred Upton voted Nay on 06/26/2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Environment America. 04/18/2012. "Fred Upton supported the interests of Environment America 47 percent in 2009." (votesmart.org)
  • League of Conservation Voters. 04/18/2012. "Fred Upton supported the interests of the League of Conservation Voters 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. HR 910. 112th Congress. Energy Tax Prevention Act. Fred Upton voted Yea on 04/07/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "j) Impose stricter national air quality standards."
  • Fred Upton. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "i) Promote the selling of pollution credits between nations to encourage industries to decrease pollution levels."
  • Fred Upton. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline or diesel powered engines, including cars and trucks."
  • Fred Upton. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "k) Adhere to the United Nations treaty regarding global climate change."
  • Fred Upton. HR 2454. 111th Congress. Energy and Environmental Law Amendments ("Cap and Trade"). Fred Upton voted Nay on 06/26/2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Environment America. 04/18/2012. "Fred Upton supported the interests of Environment America 47 percent in 2009." (votesmart.org)
  • League of Conservation Voters. 04/18/2012. "Fred Upton supported the interests of the League of Conservation Voters 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. HR 910. 112th Congress. Energy Tax Prevention Act. Fred Upton voted Yea on 04/07/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "j) Impose stricter national air quality standards."
  • Fred Upton. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "i) Promote the selling of pollution credits between nations to encourage industries to decrease pollution levels."
  • Fred Upton. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "k) Adhere to the United Nations treaty regarding global climate change."
  • Fred Upton. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline or diesel powered engines, including cars and trucks."

Vote Smart's Research

  • Fred Upton. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms."
  • Fred Upton. H AMDT 1156. 110th Congress. Trigger Lock Amendment. Fred Upton voted Yea on 06/28/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • National Rifle Association. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. National Rifle Association endorsed Fred Upton in the 2010 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. 04/18/2012. "Fred Upton supported the interests of the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence 55 percent from 1988-2003 (Senate) or 1991-2003 (House)." (votesmart.org)
  • Gun Owners of America. 04/18/2012. "In 2010 Gun Owners of America gave Fred Upton a grade of 82." (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. HR 125. 104th Congress. Gun Ban Repeal Act of 1995. Fred Upton voted Yea on 03/22/1996. (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. HR 1025. 103th Congress. Brady Handgun Bill. Fred Upton voted Yea on 11/10/1993. (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. H Amdt 390. 103th Congress. Instant Background Checks for Gun Purchase Amendment. Fred Upton voted Nay on 11/10/1993. (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. HR 4296. 104th Congress. Regulation of Semi-Automatic Assault Weapons. Fred Upton voted Nay on 05/05/1994. (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. HR 6842. 110th Congress. Repealing Portions of the D.C. Firearm Ban. Fred Upton voted Yea on 09/17/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. HR 2122. 106th Congress. Mandatory Gun Show Background Check Act. Fred Upton voted Nay on 06/18/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. S 397. 109th Congress. Firearms Manufacturers Protection Bill. Fred Upton voted Yea on 10/20/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms by law-abiding citizens."
  • Fred Upton. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Favor allowing citizens to carry concealed firearms."
  • Fred Upton. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Maintain federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms."
  • Fred Upton. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Ban the sale or transfer of all forms of semi-automatic weapons."
  • Fred Upton. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms."
  • Fred Upton. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Increase federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms."
  • Fred Upton. H AMDT 1156. 110th Congress. Trigger Lock Amendment. Fred Upton voted Yea on 06/28/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • National Rifle Association. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. National Rifle Association endorsed Fred Upton in the 2010 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. 04/18/2012. "Fred Upton supported the interests of the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence 55 percent from 1988-2003 (Senate) or 1991-2003 (House)." (votesmart.org)
  • Gun Owners of America. 04/18/2012. "In 2010 Gun Owners of America gave Fred Upton a grade of 82." (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. HR 125. 104th Congress. Gun Ban Repeal Act of 1995. Fred Upton voted Yea on 03/22/1996. (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. HR 1025. 103th Congress. Brady Handgun Bill. Fred Upton voted Yea on 11/10/1993. (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. H Amdt 390. 103th Congress. Instant Background Checks for Gun Purchase Amendment. Fred Upton voted Nay on 11/10/1993. (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. HR 4296. 104th Congress. Regulation of Semi-Automatic Assault Weapons. Fred Upton voted Nay on 05/05/1994. (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. HR 6842. 110th Congress. Repealing Portions of the D.C. Firearm Ban. Fred Upton voted Yea on 09/17/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. HR 2122. 106th Congress. Mandatory Gun Show Background Check Act. Fred Upton voted Nay on 06/18/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. S 397. 109th Congress. Firearms Manufacturers Protection Bill. Fred Upton voted Yea on 10/20/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms by law-abiding citizens."
  • Fred Upton. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Favor allowing citizens to carry concealed firearms."
  • Fred Upton. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Maintain federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms."
  • Fred Upton. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Ban the sale or transfer of all forms of semi-automatic weapons."
  • Fred Upton. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Increase federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms."

Vote Smart's Research

  • Fred Upton. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • Fred Upton. HR 2. 112th Congress. Repealing the Health Care Bill. Fred Upton voted Yea on 01/19/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • American Public Health Association. 04/18/2012. "Fred Upton supported the interests of the American Public Health Association 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) The federal government has no responsibility in providing health care."
  • Fred Upton. HR 2. 112th Congress. Repealing the Health Care Bill. Fred Upton voted Yea on 01/19/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • American Public Health Association. 04/18/2012. "Fred Upton supported the interests of the American Public Health Association 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • Fred Upton. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) The federal government has no responsibility in providing health care."

Vote Smart's Research

  • Fred Upton. Issue Position: National Security. 1 January 2011. "We must remain steadfast in enforcing the immigration and border security laws that are already on the books. I also support legislative efforts to strengthen security along our porous borders and restrict the entry of illegal immigrants. I have supported many efforts to fight smuggling and prevent the abuse of our immigration laws, including funding for fence construction and surveillance technology." (votesmart.org)
  • Federation for American Immigration Reform. 04/18/2012. "Fred Upton supported the interests of the Federation for American Immigration Reform 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute. 04/18/2012. "Fred Upton supported the interests of National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute 17 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. HR 5281. 112th Congress. DREAM Act. Fred Upton voted Nay on 12/08/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. HR 4437. 109th Congress. Border Security Bill. Fred Upton voted Yea on 12/16/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Legal Immigration. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Americans for Legal Immigration endorsed Fred Upton in the 2012 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "f) Children of illegal immigrants, born in the United States, should not automatically receive U.S. citizenship."
  • Kathy Jessup. Kalamazzo Gazette. Fred Upton vs. Jack Hoogendyk: Question of conservatism hangs over 6th District Congressional race. 20 July 2010. "But Upton said Hoogendyk mischaracterized his position. Upton said he has listened to constituents who favor amnesty for illegal aliens. But while he "supports real immigration reform, I very clearly oppose amnesty." (www.mlive.com)
  • Fred Upton. Fred Upton. Aug. 7 Election Q&A: Fred Upton for Congress. 7 August 2012. "With more than 10 million illegal aliens currently living in the U.S., it is easy to see that our current immigration system is not working. Although most of these undocumented aliens enter our country for economic opportunities and family reunification, all are violating U.S. immigration laws. I have never supported blanket amnesty for those already living in this country illegally. It is well past time for Congress to take up real immigration reform, but we must begin with enforcement of immigration and border security laws that are already on the books. Only then, can we begin to restrict the illegal entry of immigrants and temper the numerous crimes associated with those illegal border crossings." (www.mlive.com)
  • Fred Upton. Issue Position: National Security. 1 January 2011. "We must remain steadfast in enforcing the immigration and border security laws that are already on the books. I also support legislative efforts to strengthen security along our porous borders and restrict the entry of illegal immigrants. I have supported many efforts to fight smuggling and prevent the abuse of our immigration laws, including funding for fence construction and surveillance technology." (votesmart.org)
  • Federation for American Immigration Reform. 04/18/2012. "Fred Upton supported the interests of the Federation for American Immigration Reform 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute. 04/18/2012. "Fred Upton supported the interests of National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute 17 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. HR 5281. 112th Congress. DREAM Act. Fred Upton voted Nay on 12/08/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. HR 4437. 109th Congress. Border Security Bill. Fred Upton voted Yea on 12/16/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Legal Immigration. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Americans for Legal Immigration endorsed Fred Upton in the 2012 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "f) Children of illegal immigrants, born in the United States, should not automatically receive U.S. citizenship."
  • Kathy Jessup. Kalamazzo Gazette. Fred Upton vs. Jack Hoogendyk: Question of conservatism hangs over 6th District Congressional race. 20 July 2010. "But Upton said Hoogendyk mischaracterized his position. Upton said he has listened to constituents who favor amnesty for illegal aliens. But while he "supports real immigration reform, I very clearly oppose amnesty." (www.mlive.com)
  • Fred Upton. Fred Upton. Aug. 7 Election Q&A: Fred Upton for Congress. 7 August 2012. "With more than 10 million illegal aliens currently living in the U.S., it is easy to see that our current immigration system is not working. Although most of these undocumented aliens enter our country for economic opportunities and family reunification, all are violating U.S. immigration laws. I have never supported blanket amnesty for those already living in this country illegally. It is well past time for Congress to take up real immigration reform, but we must begin with enforcement of immigration and border security laws that are already on the books. Only then, can we begin to restrict the illegal entry of immigrants and temper the numerous crimes associated with those illegal border crossings." (www.mlive.com)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Family Research Council. 04/18/2012. "Fred Upton supported the interests of the Family Research Council 71 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • American Civil Liberties Union. 04/18/2012. "Fred Upton supported the interests of the American Civil Liberties Union 14 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • Human Rights Campaign. 04/18/2012. "Fred Upton supported the interests of the Human Rights Campaign 13 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • American Family Association. 04/18/2012. "Fred Upton supported the interests of the American Family Association 83 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Traditional Values Coalition. 04/18/2012. "Fred Upton supported the interests of the Traditional Values Coalition 71 percent in 2006" (votesmart.org)
  • Family Research Council. 04/18/2012. "Fred Upton supported the interests of the Family Research Council 71 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. HR 3685. 110th Congress. Sexual Orientation Employment Nondiscrimination Act (ENDA). Fred Upton voted Nay on 11/07/2007. (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. H J Res 88. 110th Congress. Same-Sex Marriage Resolution. Fred Upton voted Yea on 07/18/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. HR 2965. 112th Congress. Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act. Fred Upton voted Nay on 12/15/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • American Civil Liberties Union. 04/18/2012. "Fred Upton supported the interests of the American Civil Liberties Union 14 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • Human Rights Campaign. 04/18/2012. "Fred Upton supported the interests of the Human Rights Campaign 13 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • American Family Association. 04/18/2012. "Fred Upton supported the interests of the American Family Association 83 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Traditional Values Coalition. 04/18/2012. "Fred Upton supported the interests of the Traditional Values Coalition 71 percent in 2006" (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. HR 3685. 110th Congress. Sexual Orientation Employment Nondiscrimination Act (ENDA). Fred Upton voted Nay on 11/07/2007. (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. H J Res 88. 110th Congress. Same-Sex Marriage Resolution. Fred Upton voted Yea on 07/18/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. HR 2965. 112th Congress. Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act. Fred Upton voted Nay on 12/15/2010. (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Fred Upton. Upton Applauds A Pledge to America . 23 September 2010. " A Pledge to America reinforces Congress's responsibility to help provide for a strong national defense and fashion a coherent strategy to confront and defeat the terrorist threat. This new governing agenda contains a plan to keep our nation secure at home and abroad “ including passing clean troop funding bills, keeping terrorists off American soil, and fully funding missile defense." (upton.house.gov)
  • Fred Upton. Issue Position: National Security. 1 January 2010. "I have always voted to ensure our armed forces have the resources and training necessary to succeed on the battlefield. Our armed forces have a clear and focused goal: stop the ability of the Taliban to provide safe haven to al Qaeda, and stop al Qaeda's use of Iraq and Afghanistan as a base of operations for terrorist activities. In short, U. S. and NATO forces must disrupt, dismantle, and defeat al Qaeda. I believe that in order to achieve this goal, the United States must pursue a foreign policy that promotes security, governance, and economic development. I believe combating terrorism and preventing another terrorist attack remain national priorities. The United States must continue its campaign against terrorists and their ideology." (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. Issue Position: National Security. 1 January 2010. "I have always voted to ensure our armed forces have the resources and training necessary to succeed on the battlefield. Our armed forces have a clear and focused goal: stop the ability of the Taliban to provide safe haven to al Qaeda, and stop al Qaeda's use of Iraq and Afghanistan as a base of operations for terrorist activities. In short, U. S. and NATO forces must disrupt, dismantle, and defeat al Qaeda. I believe that in order to achieve this goal, the United States must pursue a foreign policy that promotes security, governance, and economic development. I believe combating terrorism and preventing another terrorist attack remain national priorities. The United States must continue its campaign against terrorists and their ideology." (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. Upton Applauds A Pledge to America . 23 September 2010. " A Pledge to America reinforces Congress's responsibility to help provide for a strong national defense and fashion a coherent strategy to confront and defeat the terrorist threat. This new governing agenda contains a plan to keep our nation secure at home and abroad “ including passing clean troop funding bills, keeping terrorists off American soil, and fully funding missile defense." (upton.house.gov)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Fred Upton. Newsmax.com - America Waking Up to Perils of Obamacare. 23 March 2011. "All this new spending comes at a time when the government should be tightening its belt. It comes at a time when budget experts warn existing entitlements like Medicare, Medicaid and Social Security are on their way to bankruptcy, which is why we should be reforming the programs we have, not creating a new set of mandatory spending programs with money we do not have." (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which are managed by the government."
  • Fred Upton. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage."
  • Fred Upton. Newsmax.com - America Waking Up to Perils of Obamacare. 23 March 2011. "All this new spending comes at a time when the government should be tightening its belt. It comes at a time when budget experts warn existing entitlements like Medicare, Medicaid and Social Security are on their way to bankruptcy, which is why we should be reforming the programs we have, not creating a new set of mandatory spending programs with money we do not have." (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. Aug. 7 Election Q&A: Fred Upton for Congress. 7 August 2012. "I am firmly committed to preserving and strengthening Social Security and Medicare for today's and tomorrow's retirees." (www.mlive.com)
  • Fred Upton. Associated Press. Where Michigan Congress hopefuls stand on 4 issues. 18 October 2010. "I have long opposed the diversion of Social Security receipts into any type of private account. Private accounts will make the fiscal problems of the Social Security program worse and could undermine future benefit security. Above all, any revisions to the system should guarantee the payments promised to recipients and preserve the program for future generations by anticipating an aging population and a smaller work force. That said, Social Security is on a path to insolvency and is in serious need of reform. I look forward to working with my colleague, Rep. Dave Camp, to find a sensible solution to fix the program without endangering benefits." (www.mlive.com)
  • Alliance for Retired Americans. 04/18/2012. "Fred Upton supported the interests of the Alliance for Retired Americans 60 percent in 2008." (votesmart.org)
  • Fred Upton. Associated Press. Where Michigan Congress hopefuls stand on 4 issues. 18 October 2010. "I have long opposed the diversion of Social Security receipts into any type of private account. Private accounts will make the fiscal problems of the Social Security program worse and could undermine future benefit security. Above all, any revisions to the system should guarantee the payments promised to recipients and preserve the program for future generations by anticipating an aging population and a smaller work force. That said, Social Security is on a path to insolvency and is in serious need of reform. I look forward to working with my colleague, Rep. Dave Camp, to find a sensible solution to fix the program without endangering benefits." (www.mlive.com)
  • Fred Upton. Aug. 7 Election Q&A: Fred Upton for Congress. 7 August 2012. "I am firmly committed to preserving and strengthening Social Security and Medicare for today's and tomorrow's retirees." (www.mlive.com)
  • Fred Upton. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage."
  • Fred Upton. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which are managed by the government."
  • Alliance for Retired Americans. 04/18/2012. "Fred Upton supported the interests of the Alliance for Retired Americans 60 percent in 2008." (votesmart.org)

Key

Candidate Answer Official Position

Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.

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Congressional Election 1998 National Political Awareness Test

This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.

The Political Courage Test asks candidates which items they will support if elected. It does not ask them to indicate which items they will oppose. Through extensive research of public polling data, we discovered that voters are more concerned with what candidates would support when elected to office, not what they oppose. If a candidate does not select a response to any part or all of any question, it does not necessarily indicate that the candidate is opposed to that particular item.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning abortion.

a) Abortions should always be legally available.
b) Abortions should be legal only within the first trimester of pregnancy.
c) Abortions should be legal only when the pregnancy resulted from incest, rape, or when the life of the woman is endangered.
d) Abortions should be legal only when the life of the woman is endangered.
e) Abortions should always be illegal.
Xf) Abortions should be limited by waiting periods and notification requirements as decided by each state government.
Xg) Prohibit the late-term abortion procedure known as "partial-birth" abortion.
h) Prohibit public funding of abortions and public funding of organizations that advocate or perform abortions.
i) Other

1) Indicate what levels of federal funding you support for the following categories. Select one number (level) only.

Maintain Statusa) AIDS programs
Maintain Statusb) Arts funding
Slightly Increasec) Education (K-12)
Slightly Increased) Environmental programs
Slightly Decreasee) Foreign aid
Maintain Statusf) Housing projects
Maintain Statusg) Job training programs
Slightly Increaseh) Law enforcement
Maintain Statusi) Medicaid
Slightly Increasej) Medicare
Maintain Statusk) NASA
Slightly Increasel) Student loan programs
Slightly Decreasem) Welfare
n) Other

Health Research -- Greatly Increase

o) Other
p) Other

2) Indicate what levels of federal funding you support for the following defense-related categories. Select one number (level) only.

Slightly Increasea) Armed Forces personnel training
Maintain Statusb) CIA appropriations
Maintain Statusc) Defense plant conversion
Maintain Statusd) Development of new weapons
Maintain Statuse) Military hardware
Maintain Statusf) Military space shuttle missions
Slightly Decreaseg) National Missile Defense Program
Slightly Increaseh) Pay for active duty personnel
i) Other
Yes3) Do you support amending the U.S. Constitution to require an annual balanced federal budget?

4) Indicate how you would apply the expected federal budget surplus.

Xa) Social Security
Xb) Medicare
Xc) Tax cuts
Xd) Federal debt reduction
e) Other

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance reform.

a) Remove all legislative limits on campaign financing.
b) Establish spending limits on congressional campaigns.
c) Provide public funding for federal candidates who comply with campaign spending limits.
d) Support legislation that would increase the federal limits on individual contributions.
Xe) Strengthen and enforce legislation that encourages full and timely disclosure of campaign finance information.
f) Prohibit Political Action Committee (PAC) contributions to candidates for federal office.
g) Provide free or low-cost television advertising to candidates who agree to voluntary campaign spending limits.
Xh) Ban the unregulated campaign contributions known as soft money.
Xi) Pass legislation banning issue advocacy commercials by outside groups within 60 days of an election.
Xj) Prohibit non-U.S. citizens from making contributions to federal campaigns.
Xk) Other

Require majority of funds raised to be from candidate's home state

Indicate which principles you support (if any) to address crime.

a) Broaden use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
b) Increase spending to build more federal prisons.
Xc) Impose "truth in sentencing" for violent criminals so they serve full sentences with no chance of parole.
Xd) Fund programs to provide prison inmates with vocational and job-related skills and job-placement assistance when released.
Xe) Expand funding for community policing programs.
Xf) Increase penalties for the possession of any illegal firearms.
g) Prosecute youths accused of a felony as adults.
Xh) Increase funding for local Boys & Girls Clubs and other independent organizations in communities with at-risk youth.
i) Reduce prison sentences for those who commit non-violent crimes.
Xj) Deport all permanent resident aliens convicted of a felony.
k) Other

Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning illegal drugs.

Xa) Increase penalties for selling illegal drugs.
Xb) Impose mandatory jail sentences for selling illegal drugs.
Xc) Impose capital punishment for convicted international drug traffickers.
Xd) Strengthen current laws dealing with non-controlled substances, including inhalants and commercially available pills.
Xe) Increase funding of federally-sponsored drug education and drug treatment programs.
f) Decriminalize the use of marijuana for medicinal purposes.
Xg) Increase funding for border security to stop the flow of illegal drugs into the U.S.
h) Other

1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the economy and employment.

Xa) Provide tax credits for companies that move job-creating industries into areas with high unemployment.
Xb) Increase funding for national job-training programs that re-train displaced workers or teach skills needed in today's job market.
Xc) Reduce government regulations on the private sector in order to encourage investment and economic expansion.
Xd) Establish empowerment zones in areas with large numbers of unemployed people.
e) Eliminate any federal programs designed to reduce unemployment.
f) Increase the minimum wage.
Xg) Pass legislation that encourages employers to offer their employees the options of flex-time scheduling, comp-time and unpaid leave to attend to their family responsibilities.
Xh) Provide tax credits for businesses that provide on-site child care.

2) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding affirmative action and discrimination.

a) The federal government should consider race and sex in making government contracting decisions.
b) The federal government should continue affirmative action programs only if such programs do not include quotas.
c) The federal government should discontinue affirmative action programs.
Xd) The federal government should prosecute cases of discrimination in the public sector.
Xe) The federal government should prosecute cases of discrimination in the private sector.
f) The federal government should include sexual orientation in its anti-discrimination laws.
g) Other

1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning education.

a) Support national standards and testing in reading and math.
Xb) Allow parents to use vouchers to send their children to any publicly funded school.
Xc) Allow parents to use vouchers to send their children to any participating school: public, private or religious.
Xd) Allow parents to use tax-free savings accounts to send their children to any publicly funded school.
Xe) Allow parents to use tax-free savings accounts to send their children to any participating school: public, private or religious.
Xf) Support creation of more charter schools where teachers and professionals receive authorization and funding to establish new schools.
Xg) Give all federal education funding to states in the form of block grants and allow them to spend it as they see fit.
Xh) Support voluntary teacher testing and reward teachers with merit pay.
Xi) Increase funding for block grants to states to help them hire additional teachers.
j) Other
Yes2) Do you support amending the U.S. Constitution to guarantee the right to religious expression and voluntary prayer in public places, including schools?

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding America's environment and natural resources.

Xa) Require the state to fully compensate citizens when environmental regulations limit uses on privately owned land.
Xb) Strengthen the Clean Water Act.
c) Change the Endangered Species Act of 1973 to limit the number of habitats eligible to be designated as endangered.
Xd) Increase fees charged to ranchers who graze cattle on federal lands.
Xe) Revise the 1872 mining law to increase the fees charged to mining companies using federal lands.
Xf) Encourage development of alternative fuels to reduce pollution.
g) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline or diesel powered engines, including cars and trucks.
h) Increase federal taxes on gasoline and diesel fuels to promote conservation and alternative fuel development.
i) Promote the selling of pollution credits between nations to encourage industries to decrease pollution levels.
j) Impose stricter national air quality standards.
k) Adhere to the United Nations treaty regarding global climate change.
Xl) Strengthen the restrictions on clear-cutting on federal lands.
m) Other

Indicate which level of government that should have primary responsibility for the following services. Select one level only.

Federala) Border security
Federalb) Civil rights enforcement
Localc) Education
Stated) Environmental cleanup
Statee) Job training
Localf) Law enforcement
Stateg) Low-income housing
Stateh) Medicaid
Federali) Medicare
Statej) Transportation infrastructure (highways, roads, bridges)
Statek) Welfare
l) Other

1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Bosnia/former Yugoslavia.

Xa) The U.S. should lift the arms embargo against Bosnia-Herzegovina.
Xb) The U.S. should maintain a military presence in Bosnia-Herzegovina with a certain deadline for withdrawal.
c) The U.S. should maintain a military presence in Bosnia-Herzegovina without a certain deadline for withdrawal.
d) Other

2) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the Middle East.

a) The U.S. should resolve future disputes with Iraq through diplomatic means.
b) The U.S. should take unilateral military action if Iraq does not comply with all accepted UN resolutions.
Xc) The U.S. should take military action against Iraq only as part of an international effort.
d) The U.S. should not continue to play a prominent leadership role in the peace process between Israel and Palestine.
e) Other

3) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the United States-United Nations relationship.

a) The U.S. should contribute more funding and troops to United Nations peacekeeping missions.
b) The U.S. should contribute less funding and troops to United Nations peacekeeping missions.
Xc) The U.S. should participate in UN peacekeeping missions only when vital U.S. interests are involved.
d) The U.S. should not commit military troops to UN peacekeeping missions.
e) The U.S. should withdraw from the UN completely.
f) The U.S. should pay its debt to the United Nations.
g) Other
4) Should the U.S. have diplomatic and trade relations with Cuba?
5) Should the U.S. recognize and extend full diplomatic relations to Taiwan?

Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning gun issues.

a) Ban the sale or transfer of all forms of semi-automatic weapons.
b) Increase federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms.
c) Maintain federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms.
d) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms.
e) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms by law-abiding citizens.
f) Favor allowing citizens to carry concealed firearms.
g) Require manufacturers to provide child-safety locks with firearms.
h) Other

1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health issues in America.

a) The federal government has no responsibility in providing health care.
b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income.
c) Implement a government-financed, single-payer national health care system similar to that of Canada.
Xd) Support health care strategies focused on prevention, including health education and natural medicines and remedies.
Xe) Support legislation to define and enforce the rights of insured patients, including greater access to specialists and emergency rooms, wider choice of health care providers, and appeal mechanisms when claims are denied.
Xf) Allow small business owners, the self-employed and workers whose employers do not provide health insurance to have the same deductibility for health costs as corporations and large employers.
Xg) Expand eligibility for tax-free medical savings accounts, which would be taxed if used for any purpose other than medical costs.
Xh) Establish limits on the amount of damages awarded in medical malpractice lawsuits.
i) Allow states and local communities to use federal funds for needle-exchange programs to combat the spread of HIV.
Xj) Classify nicotine as a drug and cigarettes as drug delivery devices, which should be regulated by the Federal Food and Drug Administration.
Xk) Provide citizens age 55-65 the option of purchasing Medicare health coverage.
Other

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding immigration.

a) Decrease the number of immigrants allowed into the country.
b) Increase the eligibility of legal immigrants for certain social programs (i.e. HUD housing, food stamps).
c) Require the Immigration and Naturalization Service to reduce to six months the time between applying for citizenship and taking the oath of allegiance.
d) Provide extra federal aid to states with higher numbers of immigrants for necessary medical and social services.
e) Prohibit states from passing laws that deny human services (medical care, education) to illegal immigrants or their children.
Xf) Children of illegal immigrants, born in the United States, should not automatically receive U.S. citizenship.
Xg) Increase the immigration quota for computer scientists and other information technology workers.
Xh) Establish English as the official and recognized language of the United States government.
i) Other
The American people have consistently mentioned the decline of morals and ethics in America as a major problem facing the country. On an attached page, in fifty words or less, explain what you will do as a member of Congress to address this concern.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Social Security.

Xa) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage.
Xb) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which are managed by the government.
Xc) Invest Social Security's assets collectively in stocks and bonds instead of U.S. Treasury securities.
d) Increase the payroll tax to finance the program in its current form.
Xe) Invest a portion of the budget surplus into the Social Security trust fund.
f) Increase the minimum age that determines when retirees are able to receive full Social Security benefits.
g) Lower Social Security's annual cost-of-living increases.
h) Limit Social Security benefits based on recipients' other income and assets.
i) Require individuals to pay the Social Security tax on income above $68,400, which is currently exempt.
j) Other

1) Indicate the levels you support concerning taxes in the following categories. Select one number (level) only.

Income Taxes:

a) Retiree income over $40,000
b) Family income less than $25,000
c) Family income $25-75,000
d) Family income $75-150,000
e) Family income over $150,000

Other Tax Issues:

f) Alcohol taxes
g) Capital gains taxes
h) Charitable deductions
i) Child tax credit
j) Cigarette taxes
k) Corporate income taxes
l) Earned Income Tax Credit
m) Estate taxes
n) Medical expense deductions
o) Mortgage deductions
p) Other
q) Other
2) Do you support replacing the U.S. income tax structure with a flat income tax?
3) Do you support eliminating the Internal Revenue Service?
4) Do you support instituting a national sales tax?
Yes5) Should a married couple filing jointly pay the same taxes as if they were an unmarried couple filing separately?
Yes6) Do you support requiring a super-majority vote in both houses of Congress to raise taxes?
7) Other
1) Do you support amending the Constitution to limit the number of terms which members of Congress can serve?

If you support term limits, how many terms should each serve?

Senator (# of 6 yr. terms)
Representatives (# of 2 yr. terms)
Yes1) Do you support the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)?
Yes2) Do you support broadening NAFTA to include other countries in the western hemisphere?
Yes3) Do you support the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)?
4) Do you support the World Trade Organization (WTO)?
Yes5) Do you support imposing tariffs on products imported from nations that maintain restrictive trade barriers on American products?
Yes6) Should a nation's human rights record affect its "most favored nation" trading status with the United States?
Yes7) Do you support granting the President "fast-track" authority?

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding poverty and the welfare system.

Xa) Provide tax incentives for companies to hire and train homeless people who want to work.
b) Increase funding of homeless shelters and low income housing projects.
Xc) Increase funds for housing assistance for welfare recipients who need housing to get or keep a job.
Xd) Provide homeless families with apartment vouchers they can use to supplement the cost of an apartment.
Xe) Continue to give states and local governments responsibility for welfare programs through block grants.
f) Eliminate federal funds for welfare programs at the federal, state or local levels.
Xg) Maintain current welfare-to-work requirements in order for states to qualify for block grants.
h) Convert government-funded low-income housing projects into private housing, managed and owned by the residents.
Xi) Require that unwed teenage mothers live with a parent or guardian (if possible) and attend school to receive benefits.
j) Other
Please explain what your two main legislative priorities will be if elected. Please explain how you would obtain any additional government funding needed to implement these priorities.