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John Conyers, Jr.'s Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)

Office: U.S. House (MI) - District 13, Democratic
Project Vote Smart does not permit the use of its name or programs in any campaign activity, including advertising, debates, and speeches.
John Conyers, Jr. has refused to provide voters with positions on key issues covered by the 2014 Political Courage Test, despite repeated requests. John Conyers, Jr. is still welcome to submit the test at any time.

What is the Political Courage Test?

Issue Positions

In response to the increasing unwillingness of candidates to answer issue questions, Project Vote Smart has researched Presidential and Congressional candidates' public records to determine candidates' likely responses on certain key issues. These issue positions, from the year 2014, are provided below as a courtesy to voters.

Pro-choice Inferred Answer Abortion: Do you generally support pro-choice or pro-life legislation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • John Conyers. H Amdt 185. 103th Congress. Hyde Amendment. John Conyers voted Nay on 06/30/1993. (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. H Amdt 95. 112th Congress. Prohibiting Use of Federal Funds For Planned Parenthood. John Conyers voted Nay on 02/18/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Planned Parenthood. 04/18/2012. "John Conyers supported the interests of Planned Parenthood 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. H Amdt 156. 106th Congress. Overseas Military Abortion Amendment. John Conyers voted Yea on 06/09/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • National Right to Life Committee. 04/18/2012. "John Conyers supported the interests of the National Right to Life Committee 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Planned Parenthood. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Planned Parenthood endorsed John Conyers in the 2010 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • National Organization for Women. 04/18/2012. "On the votes used to calculate its ratings, the National Organization for Women attaches more value to those votes it considers more important. For 2008, the National Organization for Women gave John Conyers a rating of 100 percent." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. HR 3. 112th Congress. Prohibiting Taxpayer Funding of Abortion. John Conyers voted Nay on 05/04/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. H Amdt 509. 111th Congress. Prohibiting Federally Funded Abortion Services. John Conyers voted Nay on 11/07/2009. (votesmart.org)
  • NARAL Pro-Choice America. 04/18/2012. "John Conyers supported the interests of the NARAL Pro-Choice America 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. HR 748. 109th Congress. Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act. John Conyers voted Nay on 04/27/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. HR 3682. 106th Congress. Child Custody Protection Act. John Conyers voted Nay on 07/15/1998. (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. HR 670. 103th Congress. Abortion Counseling Bill. John Conyers voted Yea on 03/25/1993. (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. H Amdt 436. 104th Congress. Overseas Military Abortion Amendment. John Conyers voted Yea on 06/15/1995. (votesmart.org)
  • Family Research Council. 04/18/2012. "John Conyers supported the interests of the Family Research Council 6 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. H Amdt 722. 106th Congress. Oversea Military Abortions Amendment. John Conyers voted Yea on 05/18/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. H Amdt 882. 106th Congress. Prison Abortion Funding Amendment. John Conyers voted Yea on 06/22/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. H AMDT 209. 109th Congress. Overseas Military Facilities Abortion Amendment. John Conyers voted Yea on 05/25/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. H Amdt 187. 105th Congress. Overseas Military Facilities Abortion Amendment. John Conyers voted Yea on 06/19/1997. (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Abortions should be illegal when the fetus is viable, with or without life support."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "h) Prohibit the dilation and extraction procedure, also known as "partial birth" abortion."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Abortions should always be legal."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be legally available."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Prohibit public funding of abortions and to organizations that advocate or perform abortions."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Prohibit the late-term abortion procedure known as "partial-birth" abortion."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be legally available."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "h) Prohibit public funding of abortions and public funding of organizations that advocate or perform abortions."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "c) Abortions should always be legally available."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "Congress should eliminate abortion services from any federally funded health care plan."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "Congress should eliminate federal funding for clinics and medical facilities that provide abortion services."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "i) Prohibit public funding of abortions and public funding of organizations that advocate or perform abortions."
  • John Conyers. HR 6099. 110th Congress. Abortion Pain Bill. John Conyers voted Nay on 12/06/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. H Amdt 643. 106th Congress. Abortion Private Funding Restoration Amendment. John Conyers voted Yea on 05/20/1998. (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. S 403. 110th Congress. Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act. John Conyers voted Nay on 09/26/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. HR 3660. 106th Congress. Ban on Partial-Birth/Late Term Abortion. John Conyers voted Nay on 04/05/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. H Amdt 1017. 106th Congress. Abortion Funding Amendment. John Conyers voted Yea on 07/20/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. H Amdt 185. 103th Congress. Hyde Amendment. John Conyers voted Nay on 06/30/1993. (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. H Amdt 95. 112th Congress. Prohibiting Use of Federal Funds For Planned Parenthood. John Conyers voted Nay on 02/18/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Planned Parenthood. 04/18/2012. "John Conyers supported the interests of Planned Parenthood 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. H Amdt 156. 106th Congress. Overseas Military Abortion Amendment. John Conyers voted Yea on 06/09/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • National Right to Life Committee. 04/18/2012. "John Conyers supported the interests of the National Right to Life Committee 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Planned Parenthood. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Planned Parenthood endorsed John Conyers in the 2010 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • National Organization for Women. 04/18/2012. "On the votes used to calculate its ratings, the National Organization for Women attaches more value to those votes it considers more important. For 2008, the National Organization for Women gave John Conyers a rating of 100 percent." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. HR 3. 112th Congress. Prohibiting Taxpayer Funding of Abortion. John Conyers voted Nay on 05/04/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. H Amdt 509. 111th Congress. Prohibiting Federally Funded Abortion Services. John Conyers voted Nay on 11/07/2009. (votesmart.org)
  • NARAL Pro-Choice America. 04/18/2012. "John Conyers supported the interests of the NARAL Pro-Choice America 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. HR 748. 109th Congress. Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act. John Conyers voted Nay on 04/27/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. HR 3682. 106th Congress. Child Custody Protection Act. John Conyers voted Nay on 07/15/1998. (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. HR 670. 103th Congress. Abortion Counseling Bill. John Conyers voted Yea on 03/25/1993. (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. H Amdt 436. 104th Congress. Overseas Military Abortion Amendment. John Conyers voted Yea on 06/15/1995. (votesmart.org)
  • Family Research Council. 04/18/2012. "John Conyers supported the interests of the Family Research Council 6 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. H Amdt 722. 106th Congress. Oversea Military Abortions Amendment. John Conyers voted Yea on 05/18/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. H Amdt 882. 106th Congress. Prison Abortion Funding Amendment. John Conyers voted Yea on 06/22/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. H AMDT 209. 109th Congress. Overseas Military Facilities Abortion Amendment. John Conyers voted Yea on 05/25/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. H Amdt 187. 105th Congress. Overseas Military Facilities Abortion Amendment. John Conyers voted Yea on 06/19/1997. (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Abortions should be illegal when the fetus is viable, with or without life support."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "h) Prohibit the dilation and extraction procedure, also known as "partial birth" abortion."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Abortions should always be legal."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be legally available."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Prohibit public funding of abortions and to organizations that advocate or perform abortions."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Prohibit the late-term abortion procedure known as "partial-birth" abortion."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be legally available."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "h) Prohibit public funding of abortions and public funding of organizations that advocate or perform abortions."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "c) Abortions should always be legally available."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "Congress should eliminate abortion services from any federally funded health care plan."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "Congress should eliminate federal funding for clinics and medical facilities that provide abortion services."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "i) Prohibit public funding of abortions and public funding of organizations that advocate or perform abortions."
  • John Conyers. HR 6099. 110th Congress. Abortion Pain Bill. John Conyers voted Nay on 12/06/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. H Amdt 643. 106th Congress. Abortion Private Funding Restoration Amendment. John Conyers voted Yea on 05/20/1998. (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. S 403. 110th Congress. Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act. John Conyers voted Nay on 09/26/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. HR 3660. 106th Congress. Ban on Partial-Birth/Late Term Abortion. John Conyers voted Nay on 04/05/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. H Amdt 1017. 106th Congress. Abortion Funding Amendment. John Conyers voted Yea on 07/20/2000. (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Budget: In order to balance the budget, do you support an income tax increase on any tax bracket? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "5) Do you support making President Bush's tax cuts permanent?"
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "6) Do you support requiring a super-majority vote in both houses of Congress to raise taxes?"
  • John Conyers. House Rejects Balanced Budget Amendment. 18 November 2011. "Congress doesn't need a constitutional amendment to balance the budget. What we need is the determination and the courage to make the tough choices necessary to do it. That's what we did when Bill Clinton was president, and if we undo the Bush tax cuts for the very wealthy, and end two unfunded wars, we will go a long way toward doing it again." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Increase" for: "Indicate what levels you support concerning taxes, deductions, and tax credits in the following categories. d) Over $150,000"
  • John Conyers. HR 1836. 107th Congress. Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act, 2001. John Conyers voted Nay on 05/16/2001. (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Tax Reform. 04/18/2012. "John Conyers supported the interests of the Americans for Tax Reform 10 percent in 2007." (votesmart.org)
  • Citizens for Tax Justice. 04/18/2012. "John Conyers supported the interests of the Citizens for Tax Justice 100 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Slightly Increase" for: "1) Indicate the levels you support concerning taxes in the following categories. Select one number (level) only. e) Family income over $150,000"
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "5) Do you support making President Bush's tax cuts permanent?"
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Increase" for: "1) Indicate the levels you support concerning taxes in the following categories. Select one number (level) only. k) Corporate income taxes"
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Increase" for: "1) Indicate the changes you support (if any) concerning the tax levels for the following categories. Select one number only. j) Corporate income taxes"
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Slightly Increase" for: "1) Indicate the changes you support (if any) concerning the tax levels for the following categories. Select one number only. e) Family income over $150,000"
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Slightly Increase" for: "Using the key above, indicate what federal tax levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category. d) Over $150,000" Family Income Other or expanded principles: "Greatly increase- over 1 million per year"
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "3) Do you support eliminating the Internal Revenue Service?"
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Slightly Increase" for: "1) Indicate the changes you support (if any) concerning the tax levels for the following categories. Select one number only. d) Family income $75-150,000"
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Slightly Increase" for: "Indicate what levels you support concerning taxes, deductions, and tax credits in the following categories. c) $75,000 - $150,000"
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Increase" for: "2. Please indicate the changes you will support (if any) concerning the tax levels for each of the listed categories. Income Taxes on Families Earning $140,000 or More"
  • National Taxpayers Union. 04/18/2012. "John Conyers supported reasonable tax and spending policies as defined by the National Taxpayers Union 8 percent of the time in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. Congressman Conyers Praises House Passage of Tax Cuts for 98 Percent of Americans. 2 December 2010. "The middle class in America is struggling to make ends meet as they face a weak economy and bleak job market. The Middle Class Tax Relief Act will permanently extend relief for nearly every working American, while allowing the richest two percent, the millionaires and billionaires, to pay their fair share in taxes." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. Conyers Endorses Congressional Progressive Caucus' "People's Budget". 13 April 2011. "I am proud to join my fellow members of the Progressive Caucus to announce the "People's Budget.' This is the only budget that makes real investments in American jobs by creating a billion dollar national infrastructure bank. Moreover, it creates a $30 billion budget surplus by 2021 by eliminating outdated Cold War weapons systems, wasteful subsidies for gas and oil companies, and finally makes millionaires, billionaires, and Wall Street speculators pay their fair share in taxes. That's what fiscal sustainability looks like." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. Conyers Opposed to Tax Cuts for the Wealthy: We Can't Mortgage the Future of Social Security and Medicare. 6 December 2010. "Tax cuts for the richest two percent, the millionaires and billionaires, are neither justified nor needed. There is no evidence that, in the last eight years, the Bush tax cuts did anything to encourage economic growth and create jobs. It seems hard to argue that the tax cuts for the rich trickled down to rest of the nation, when you consider the fact that we are just now coming out of the deepest economic recession since the Great Depression. If we permanently extend the Bush tax cuts for the wealthy, it will cost our country four trillion dollars in lost revenue in the next decade, and decimate important social programs such as Social Security, Medicare and Medicaid. As Paul Krugman noted today, "over the next 75 years, the revenue loss would be more than three times the projected Social Security shortfall." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. Conyers: Tax Compromise Tarnishes the Legacy of the Democratic Party. 16 December 2010. "Just a few weeks ago, this chamber voted separately to extend both middle class tax cuts and unemployment benefits to those who lost their jobs through no fault of their own. While I agree that we need to protect the most vulnerable, the unemployed and working families who need every cent during this time of economic malaise, it is irresponsible to continue Bush era tax rates for wealthy Americans, which are neither justified nor needed, for the next two years. Furthermore, there is no empirical evidence that tax cuts for rich have helped the economy in any tangible way. The Act will steal hundreds of billions of dollars of needed revenue for America's fiscal future." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. Letter to the Honorable Nancy Pelosi, Speaker of the House of Representatives. 9 December 2010. "We oppose acceding to Republican demands to extend the Bush tax cuts to millionaires and billionaires for two reasons. First, it is fiscally irresponsible. Adding more than $900 billion to our national debt, as this proposal would do, handcuffs our ability to offer a balanced plan to achieve fiscal stability without a punishing effect on our current commitments, including Social Security and Medicare. Second, it is grossly unfair. This proposal will hurt, not help, the majority of Americans in the middle class and those working hard to get there. Even as Republicans seek to add billions more to our national debt in tax cuts to the wealthy, they oppose extending unemployment benefits to workers and resist COLA increases to seniors." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "6) Do you support requiring a super-majority vote in both houses of Congress to raise taxes?"
  • John Conyers. House Rejects Balanced Budget Amendment. 18 November 2011. "Congress doesn't need a constitutional amendment to balance the budget. What we need is the determination and the courage to make the tough choices necessary to do it. That's what we did when Bill Clinton was president, and if we undo the Bush tax cuts for the very wealthy, and end two unfunded wars, we will go a long way toward doing it again." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Increase" for: "Indicate what levels you support concerning taxes, deductions, and tax credits in the following categories. d) Over $150,000"
  • John Conyers. HR 1836. 107th Congress. Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act, 2001. John Conyers voted Nay on 05/16/2001. (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Tax Reform. 04/18/2012. "John Conyers supported the interests of the Americans for Tax Reform 10 percent in 2007." (votesmart.org)
  • Citizens for Tax Justice. 04/18/2012. "John Conyers supported the interests of the Citizens for Tax Justice 100 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Slightly Increase" for: "1) Indicate the levels you support concerning taxes in the following categories. Select one number (level) only. e) Family income over $150,000"
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Increase" for: "1) Indicate the levels you support concerning taxes in the following categories. Select one number (level) only. k) Corporate income taxes"
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Increase" for: "1) Indicate the changes you support (if any) concerning the tax levels for the following categories. Select one number only. j) Corporate income taxes"
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Slightly Increase" for: "1) Indicate the changes you support (if any) concerning the tax levels for the following categories. Select one number only. e) Family income over $150,000"
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Slightly Increase" for: "Using the key above, indicate what federal tax levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category. d) Over $150,000" Family Income Other or expanded principles: "Greatly increase- over 1 million per year"
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "3) Do you support eliminating the Internal Revenue Service?"
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Slightly Increase" for: "1) Indicate the changes you support (if any) concerning the tax levels for the following categories. Select one number only. d) Family income $75-150,000"
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Slightly Increase" for: "Indicate what levels you support concerning taxes, deductions, and tax credits in the following categories. c) $75,000 - $150,000"
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Increase" for: "2. Please indicate the changes you will support (if any) concerning the tax levels for each of the listed categories. Income Taxes on Families Earning $140,000 or More"
  • National Taxpayers Union. 04/18/2012. "John Conyers supported reasonable tax and spending policies as defined by the National Taxpayers Union 8 percent of the time in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. Congressman Conyers Praises House Passage of Tax Cuts for 98 Percent of Americans. 2 December 2010. "The middle class in America is struggling to make ends meet as they face a weak economy and bleak job market. The Middle Class Tax Relief Act will permanently extend relief for nearly every working American, while allowing the richest two percent, the millionaires and billionaires, to pay their fair share in taxes." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. Conyers Endorses Congressional Progressive Caucus' "People's Budget". 13 April 2011. "I am proud to join my fellow members of the Progressive Caucus to announce the "People's Budget.' This is the only budget that makes real investments in American jobs by creating a billion dollar national infrastructure bank. Moreover, it creates a $30 billion budget surplus by 2021 by eliminating outdated Cold War weapons systems, wasteful subsidies for gas and oil companies, and finally makes millionaires, billionaires, and Wall Street speculators pay their fair share in taxes. That's what fiscal sustainability looks like." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. Conyers Opposed to Tax Cuts for the Wealthy: We Can't Mortgage the Future of Social Security and Medicare. 6 December 2010. "Tax cuts for the richest two percent, the millionaires and billionaires, are neither justified nor needed. There is no evidence that, in the last eight years, the Bush tax cuts did anything to encourage economic growth and create jobs. It seems hard to argue that the tax cuts for the rich trickled down to rest of the nation, when you consider the fact that we are just now coming out of the deepest economic recession since the Great Depression. If we permanently extend the Bush tax cuts for the wealthy, it will cost our country four trillion dollars in lost revenue in the next decade, and decimate important social programs such as Social Security, Medicare and Medicaid. As Paul Krugman noted today, "over the next 75 years, the revenue loss would be more than three times the projected Social Security shortfall." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. Conyers: Tax Compromise Tarnishes the Legacy of the Democratic Party. 16 December 2010. "Just a few weeks ago, this chamber voted separately to extend both middle class tax cuts and unemployment benefits to those who lost their jobs through no fault of their own. While I agree that we need to protect the most vulnerable, the unemployed and working families who need every cent during this time of economic malaise, it is irresponsible to continue Bush era tax rates for wealthy Americans, which are neither justified nor needed, for the next two years. Furthermore, there is no empirical evidence that tax cuts for rich have helped the economy in any tangible way. The Act will steal hundreds of billions of dollars of needed revenue for America's fiscal future." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. Letter to the Honorable Nancy Pelosi, Speaker of the House of Representatives. 9 December 2010. "We oppose acceding to Republican demands to extend the Bush tax cuts to millionaires and billionaires for two reasons. First, it is fiscally irresponsible. Adding more than $900 billion to our national debt, as this proposal would do, handcuffs our ability to offer a balanced plan to achieve fiscal stability without a punishing effect on our current commitments, including Social Security and Medicare. Second, it is grossly unfair. This proposal will hurt, not help, the majority of Americans in the middle class and those working hard to get there. Even as Republicans seek to add billions more to our national debt in tax cuts to the wealthy, they oppose extending unemployment benefits to workers and resist COLA increases to seniors." (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Economy: Do you support federal spending as a means of promoting economic growth? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • The Club for Growth. 04/18/2012. "On the votes used to calculate its ratings, The Club for Growth attaches more value to those votes it considers more important. For 2010, The Club for Growth gave John Conyers a rating of 0 percent." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "2) Would you support enforcing the spending limits agreed to in 1997 by the President and Congress to balance the budget?"
  • Americans for Prosperity. 04/18/2012. "John Conyers supported the interests of the Americans for Prosperity 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. HR 1424. 110th Congress. Financial Asset Purchase Authority and Tax Law Amendments. John Conyers voted Nay on 10/03/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. HR 5297. 112th Congress. Small Business Lending Fund and Tax Law Amendments. John Conyers voted Yea on 09/23/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • The Club for Growth. 04/18/2012. "On the votes used to calculate its ratings, The Club for Growth attaches more value to those votes it considers more important. For 2010, The Club for Growth gave John Conyers a rating of 0 percent." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "2) Would you support enforcing the spending limits agreed to in 1997 by the President and Congress to balance the budget?"
  • Americans for Prosperity. 04/18/2012. "John Conyers supported the interests of the Americans for Prosperity 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. HR 1424. 110th Congress. Financial Asset Purchase Authority and Tax Law Amendments. John Conyers voted Nay on 10/03/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. HR 5297. 112th Congress. Small Business Lending Fund and Tax Law Amendments. John Conyers voted Yea on 09/23/2010. (votesmart.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Education: Do you support requiring states to implement education reforms in order to be eligible for competitive federal grants? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "Establish a nationwide competency test for teachers and encourage states to adopt it."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Increase" for: "1) Indicate what changes you support (if any) concerning levels of federal funding for the following categories. Select one number only. c) Education (K-12)"
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Promote education flexibility by giving federal funds, in the form of block grants, to the states to spend it as they see fit."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Local" for: "Indicate which level of government that should have primary responsibility for the following services. Select one level only. c) Education"
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "Establish "National Standards" for K-12 schools and encourage states to adopt them."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Support national standards and testing in reading and math."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "2) Do you support the use of block grants given to states, rather than federal spending, in the following areas? b) Education"
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "l) Eliminate restrictions on federal education funding, giving educators or local school districts more flexibility to design and implement their programs."
  • John Conyers. HR 2300. 106th Congress. Academic Achievement for All Act. John Conyers voted Nay on 10/21/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. Concurrent Resolution on the Budget for Fiscal Year 2010. 2 April 2009. "During these tough economic times, we need expanded and improved access to high quality education. The CBC budget supports the President' to expand the Pell Grant program to hardworking students. It is a national shame that the Bush administration woefully underfunded the No Child Left Behind Act and the today's legislation calls for substantial increase in funding level. Furthermore, CBC budget calls on Congress to fully fund Head Start, TRIO (including Upward Bound), GEAR UP, Youth Build, and vocational education programs." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. Education. 26 January 2012. "Mr. Conyers believes that education should be a priority for the administration and this Congress. Education is a non-partisan issue, and we must use non-partisan methods to find a solution to the problems facing our schools. It is true that schools must be accountable to parents and students, and that we should make sure that every child can read by the third grade. However, Mr. Conyers does not agree with a "flexibility" option that lessens the impact or availability of Title-1, E-Rate, and other federal programs important to urban schools. Further, Mr. Conyers does not support a federal voucher system. We should not squander our current economic promise by abandoning the public schools. Mr. Conyers does agree with proposals that call for a national standard to measure student's learning and achievement; however, Mr. Conyers does not support annual testing. It has been shown that annual standardized testing inhibits the ability of teachers to focus on the core curriculum as they spend more time preparing students for standardized tests. Instead, we should continue the current national assessment in grades 4 and 8." (conyers.house.gov)
  • John Conyers. Education For All Americans. "Mr. Conyers believes that quality education should be a right for all American children. Education is a non-partisan issue, and Congress and the Bush Administration must work in a non-partisan way to find a solution to the problems facing our schools. Unfortunately, this Congress has been engaged in a bitter battle over Head Start- the most successful anti-poverty program born out of the Civil Rights Movement [¦] In order to improve our schools, Mr. Conyers believes that Congress must focus its efforts on increasing funding for school construction, hiring, training and retaining quality teachers, reducing class size, and providing high quality technology-based educational tools. It is his hope that we will build world-class schools for all of our children and encourage higher education for all of our future leaders." (www.johnconyers.com)
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Eliminate the Department of Education, thereby giving state and local government greater control over educational issues."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Support national standards and testing of public school students."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Support national standards for and testing of public school students."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Increase" for: "1) Indicate what levels of federal funding you support for the following categories. Select one number (level) only. c) Education (K-12)"
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Increase" for: "Using the key, indicate what federal funding levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once. [?] d) Education"
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "Establish a nationwide competency test for teachers and encourage states to adopt it."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Increase" for: "1) Indicate what changes you support (if any) concerning levels of federal funding for the following categories. Select one number only. c) Education (K-12)"
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Federal" for: "Indicate which level of government should have primary responsibility for the following services. Select one level only. 3) Education"
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "Eliminate the U.S. Department of Education."
  • John Conyers. HR 1804. 104th Congress. Goals 2000: Educate America Act. John Conyers voted Yea on 03/23/1994. (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Federal" for: "Indicate which level of government should have primary responsibility for the following services. Select one level only. 3) Education"
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Give all federal education funding to states in the form of block grants and allow them to spend it as they see fit."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Eliminate the Department of Education, thereby giving state and local government greater control over educational issues."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Support national standards and testing of public school students."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Support national standards for and testing of public school students."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Increase" for: "1) Indicate what levels of federal funding you support for the following categories. Select one number (level) only. c) Education (K-12)"
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Increase" for: "Using the key, indicate what federal funding levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once. [?] d) Education"
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Give all federal education funding to states in the form of block grants and allow them to spend it as they see fit."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Promote education flexibility by giving federal funds, in the form of block grants, to the states to spend it as they see fit."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Local" for: "Indicate which level of government that should have primary responsibility for the following services. Select one level only. c) Education"
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "Establish "National Standards" for K-12 schools and encourage states to adopt them."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Support national standards and testing in reading and math."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "2) Do you support the use of block grants given to states, rather than federal spending, in the following areas? b) Education"
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "l) Eliminate restrictions on federal education funding, giving educators or local school districts more flexibility to design and implement their programs."
  • John Conyers. HR 2300. 106th Congress. Academic Achievement for All Act. John Conyers voted Nay on 10/21/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. Concurrent Resolution on the Budget for Fiscal Year 2010. 2 April 2009. "During these tough economic times, we need expanded and improved access to high quality education. The CBC budget supports the President' to expand the Pell Grant program to hardworking students. It is a national shame that the Bush administration woefully underfunded the No Child Left Behind Act and the today's legislation calls for substantial increase in funding level. Furthermore, CBC budget calls on Congress to fully fund Head Start, TRIO (including Upward Bound), GEAR UP, Youth Build, and vocational education programs." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. Education. 26 January 2012. "Mr. Conyers believes that education should be a priority for the administration and this Congress. Education is a non-partisan issue, and we must use non-partisan methods to find a solution to the problems facing our schools. It is true that schools must be accountable to parents and students, and that we should make sure that every child can read by the third grade. However, Mr. Conyers does not agree with a "flexibility" option that lessens the impact or availability of Title-1, E-Rate, and other federal programs important to urban schools. Further, Mr. Conyers does not support a federal voucher system. We should not squander our current economic promise by abandoning the public schools. Mr. Conyers does agree with proposals that call for a national standard to measure student's learning and achievement; however, Mr. Conyers does not support annual testing. It has been shown that annual standardized testing inhibits the ability of teachers to focus on the core curriculum as they spend more time preparing students for standardized tests. Instead, we should continue the current national assessment in grades 4 and 8." (conyers.house.gov)
  • John Conyers. Education For All Americans. "Mr. Conyers believes that quality education should be a right for all American children. Education is a non-partisan issue, and Congress and the Bush Administration must work in a non-partisan way to find a solution to the problems facing our schools. Unfortunately, this Congress has been engaged in a bitter battle over Head Start- the most successful anti-poverty program born out of the Civil Rights Movement [¦] In order to improve our schools, Mr. Conyers believes that Congress must focus its efforts on increasing funding for school construction, hiring, training and retaining quality teachers, reducing class size, and providing high quality technology-based educational tools. It is his hope that we will build world-class schools for all of our children and encourage higher education for all of our future leaders." (www.johnconyers.com)
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "Eliminate the U.S. Department of Education."
  • John Conyers. HR 1804. 104th Congress. Goals 2000: Educate America Act. John Conyers voted Yea on 03/23/1994. (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Energy: Do you support building the Keystone XL pipeline? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

Yes Inferred Answer Environment: Do you support the federal regulation of greenhouse gas emissions? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed John Conyers in the 2004 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. HR 2454. 111th Congress. Energy and Environmental Law Amendments ("Cap and Trade"). John Conyers voted Yea on 06/26/2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Environment America. 04/18/2012. "John Conyers supported the interests of Environment America 93 percent in 2009." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "Encourage further market based strategies to clean up the environment such as pollution credits."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "Consider further increasing federal taxes on gasoline and diesel fuels."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Reduce government regulation of the private sector in order to encourage investment and economic expansion."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "Pass stronger clean water and clean air legislation."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "i) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline or diesel powered engines, including cars and trucks."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "m) Support the Kyoto Protocol to limit global warming."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "k) Adhere to the United Nations treaty regarding global climate change."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "Tax high-level energy users (businesses and individuals) to discourage excessive energy use and pay for environmental cleanup."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "Eliminate government regulations to encourage investment and economic expansion of the private sector."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "j) Impose stricter national air quality standards."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline or diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Eliminate government regulations of the private sector in order to encourage investment and economic expansion."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline or diesel powered engines, including cars and trucks."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "Phase in a prohibition of pollution causing products such as gas powered autos and lawn mowers."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "l) Promote the selling of pollution credits to encourage industries to decrease amount of pollution."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "h) Strengthen emission controls and fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Air Act."
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed John Conyers in the 2006 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed John Conyers in the 2002 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed John Conyers in the 2010 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. HR 910. 112th Congress. Energy Tax Prevention Act. John Conyers voted Nay on 04/07/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • League of Conservation Voters. 04/18/2012. "John Conyers supported the interests of the League of Conservation Voters 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Support Clear Skies Act to reduce power plant emissions by setting a national cap on pollutants."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "j) Reduce current federal regulations on the environment."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "l) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "i) Promote the selling of pollution credits between nations to encourage industries to decrease pollution levels."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "h) Promote the selling of pollution credits between nations to encourage industries to decrease pollution levels."
  • John Conyers. HR 2454. 111th Congress. Energy and Environmental Law Amendments ("Cap and Trade"). John Conyers voted Yea on 06/26/2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Environment America. 04/18/2012. "John Conyers supported the interests of Environment America 93 percent in 2009." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "Encourage further market based strategies to clean up the environment such as pollution credits."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "Consider further increasing federal taxes on gasoline and diesel fuels."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Reduce government regulation of the private sector in order to encourage investment and economic expansion."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "Pass stronger clean water and clean air legislation."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "i) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline or diesel powered engines, including cars and trucks."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "m) Support the Kyoto Protocol to limit global warming."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "k) Adhere to the United Nations treaty regarding global climate change."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "Tax high-level energy users (businesses and individuals) to discourage excessive energy use and pay for environmental cleanup."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "Eliminate government regulations to encourage investment and economic expansion of the private sector."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "j) Impose stricter national air quality standards."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline or diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Eliminate government regulations of the private sector in order to encourage investment and economic expansion."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline or diesel powered engines, including cars and trucks."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "Phase in a prohibition of pollution causing products such as gas powered autos and lawn mowers."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "l) Promote the selling of pollution credits to encourage industries to decrease amount of pollution."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "h) Strengthen emission controls and fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Air Act."
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed John Conyers in the 2004 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed John Conyers in the 2006 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed John Conyers in the 2002 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed John Conyers in the 2010 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. HR 910. 112th Congress. Energy Tax Prevention Act. John Conyers voted Nay on 04/07/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • League of Conservation Voters. 04/18/2012. "John Conyers supported the interests of the League of Conservation Voters 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Support Clear Skies Act to reduce power plant emissions by setting a national cap on pollutants."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "j) Reduce current federal regulations on the environment."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "l) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "i) Promote the selling of pollution credits between nations to encourage industries to decrease pollution levels."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "h) Promote the selling of pollution credits between nations to encourage industries to decrease pollution levels."
Yes Inferred Answer Guns: Do you support restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • John Conyers. National Right-to-Carry Reciprocity Act of 2011. 16 November 2011. "I conclude my opening remarks by observing that there is no constitutional right to carry loaded, hidden guns in public. One of the things I hope we will be able to persuade you on is that the Supreme Court case of 2008, entitled, District of Columbia v. Heller is the case that the majority of the Court ruled, and Justice Scalia wrote this decision, that while the Second Amendment protects the right of law-abiding citizens to use arms in defense of their home and bans on carrying in public were presumptively lawful, it went on to say that the question held that prohibitions on carrying concealed weapons were lawful under the Second Amendment, that the prohibitions were lawful; and Justice Scalia's majority decision in that landmark case rendered 3 years ago stated the Second Amendment is not unlimited and not a right to keep and carry any weapon whatsoever in any manner whatsoever or for whatever purpose. I cite the Supreme Court decision 128 2783 of 2008, the District of Columbia v. Heller." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Increase restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "i) Raise the minimum age for ownership of handguns from 18 to 21."
  • John Conyers. HR 1025. 103th Congress. Brady Handgun Bill. John Conyers voted Yea on 11/10/1993. (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. H Amdt 390. 103th Congress. Instant Background Checks for Gun Purchase Amendment. John Conyers voted Nay on 11/10/1993. (votesmart.org)
  • Gun Owners of America. 04/18/2012. "In 2010 Gun Owners of America gave John Conyers a grade of 9." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. HR 4296. 104th Congress. Regulation of Semi-Automatic Assault Weapons. John Conyers voted Yea on 05/05/1994. (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. HR 125. 104th Congress. Gun Ban Repeal Act of 1995. John Conyers voted Nay on 03/22/1996. (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. HR 2122. 106th Congress. Mandatory Gun Show Background Check Act. John Conyers voted Nay on 06/18/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. S 397. 109th Congress. Firearms Manufacturers Protection Bill. John Conyers voted Nay on 10/20/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Expand the nationwide ban on the sale or transfer of assault weapons to include all forms of semi-automatic weapons."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms by law-abiding citizens."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Reauthorize the ban on the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Increase federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Require a license for gun possession."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "c) Maintain all federal registration procedures and restrictions on possessing firearms."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "f) Require manufacturers to provide child-safety locks on guns."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "j) Require background checks of gun buyers at gun shows."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Maintain federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Ban the sale or transfer of all forms of semi-automatic weapons."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "Impose a national ban on the public sale of assault weapons."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Implement tighter restrictions on firearm sales in an effort to hinder terrorist groups from stockpiling weapon arsenals."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "Impose a national ban on the sale of handguns to minors."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Maintain and strengthen the current level of enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Repeal all bans and measures that restrict law-abiding citizens from owning legally-obtained firearms."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "f) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Favor allowing citizens to carry concealed firearms."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Allow law-abiding citizens to carry concealed firearms that are legally owned and registered."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Maintain and strengthen the enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Ease procedures on the purchase and registration of firearms."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Ban the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "k) Require a license for gun possession."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • John Conyers. HR 6842. 110th Congress. Repealing Portions of the D.C. Firearm Ban. John Conyers voted Nay on 09/17/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence endorsed John Conyers in the 2010 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. H AMDT 1156. 110th Congress. Trigger Lock Amendment. John Conyers voted Nay on 06/28/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. 04/18/2012. "John Conyers supported the interests of the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence 95 percent from 1988-2003 (Senate) or 1991-2003 (House)." (votesmart.org)
  • Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence endorsed John Conyers in the 2008 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. U.S. Representatives Convene Chicago Forum on Gun Show Loophole. 19 August 2010. "I commend my colleague, Representative Quigley, for convening this forum, as it comprehensively educated and informed citizens of the potential criminal dangers that result from this gun show loophole. As we have heard today, the lack of legal requirements placed on unlicensed firearms sellers at gun shows have been the cause of some of our country's deadliest school shootings. Always considering ways the Federal government can better fulfill its duty in protecting our citizens from crime, we simply cannot afford to allow this loophole to continue to exist while placing our precious children's lives at stake." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. National Right-to-Carry Reciprocity Act of 2011. 16 November 2011. "I conclude my opening remarks by observing that there is no constitutional right to carry loaded, hidden guns in public. One of the things I hope we will be able to persuade you on is that the Supreme Court case of 2008, entitled, District of Columbia v. Heller is the case that the majority of the Court ruled, and Justice Scalia wrote this decision, that while the Second Amendment protects the right of law-abiding citizens to use arms in defense of their home and bans on carrying in public were presumptively lawful, it went on to say that the question held that prohibitions on carrying concealed weapons were lawful under the Second Amendment, that the prohibitions were lawful; and Justice Scalia's majority decision in that landmark case rendered 3 years ago stated the Second Amendment is not unlimited and not a right to keep and carry any weapon whatsoever in any manner whatsoever or for whatever purpose. I cite the Supreme Court decision 128 2783 of 2008, the District of Columbia v. Heller." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Increase restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "i) Raise the minimum age for ownership of handguns from 18 to 21."
  • John Conyers. HR 1025. 103th Congress. Brady Handgun Bill. John Conyers voted Yea on 11/10/1993. (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. H Amdt 390. 103th Congress. Instant Background Checks for Gun Purchase Amendment. John Conyers voted Nay on 11/10/1993. (votesmart.org)
  • Gun Owners of America. 04/18/2012. "In 2010 Gun Owners of America gave John Conyers a grade of 9." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. HR 4296. 104th Congress. Regulation of Semi-Automatic Assault Weapons. John Conyers voted Yea on 05/05/1994. (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. HR 125. 104th Congress. Gun Ban Repeal Act of 1995. John Conyers voted Nay on 03/22/1996. (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. HR 2122. 106th Congress. Mandatory Gun Show Background Check Act. John Conyers voted Nay on 06/18/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. S 397. 109th Congress. Firearms Manufacturers Protection Bill. John Conyers voted Nay on 10/20/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Expand the nationwide ban on the sale or transfer of assault weapons to include all forms of semi-automatic weapons."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms by law-abiding citizens."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Reauthorize the ban on the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Increase federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Require a license for gun possession."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "c) Maintain all federal registration procedures and restrictions on possessing firearms."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "f) Require manufacturers to provide child-safety locks on guns."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "j) Require background checks of gun buyers at gun shows."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Maintain federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Ban the sale or transfer of all forms of semi-automatic weapons."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "Impose a national ban on the public sale of assault weapons."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Implement tighter restrictions on firearm sales in an effort to hinder terrorist groups from stockpiling weapon arsenals."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "Impose a national ban on the sale of handguns to minors."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Maintain and strengthen the current level of enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Repeal all bans and measures that restrict law-abiding citizens from owning legally-obtained firearms."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "f) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Favor allowing citizens to carry concealed firearms."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Allow law-abiding citizens to carry concealed firearms that are legally owned and registered."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Maintain and strengthen the enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Ease procedures on the purchase and registration of firearms."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Ban the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "k) Require a license for gun possession."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • John Conyers. HR 6842. 110th Congress. Repealing Portions of the D.C. Firearm Ban. John Conyers voted Nay on 09/17/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence endorsed John Conyers in the 2010 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. H AMDT 1156. 110th Congress. Trigger Lock Amendment. John Conyers voted Nay on 06/28/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. 04/18/2012. "John Conyers supported the interests of the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence 95 percent from 1988-2003 (Senate) or 1991-2003 (House)." (votesmart.org)
  • Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence endorsed John Conyers in the 2008 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. U.S. Representatives Convene Chicago Forum on Gun Show Loophole. 19 August 2010. "I commend my colleague, Representative Quigley, for convening this forum, as it comprehensively educated and informed citizens of the potential criminal dangers that result from this gun show loophole. As we have heard today, the lack of legal requirements placed on unlicensed firearms sellers at gun shows have been the cause of some of our country's deadliest school shootings. Always considering ways the Federal government can better fulfill its duty in protecting our citizens from crime, we simply cannot afford to allow this loophole to continue to exist while placing our precious children's lives at stake." (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Health Care: Do you support repealing the 2010 Affordable Care Act? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "Support President Clinton's position for a "comprehensive health care plan for all Americans.""
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • American Public Health Association. 04/18/2012. "John Conyers supported the interests of the American Public Health Association 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. HR 2. 112th Congress. Repealing the Health Care Bill. John Conyers voted Nay on 01/19/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "i) The federal government has no responsibility in providing health care."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health care. Other or expanded principles: "The government should fund and provide universal healthcare"
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) The federal government has no responsibility in providing health care."
  • John Conyers. Conyers Applauds President Obama For New Pre-Existing Condition Insurance Plan. 2 July 2010. "President Obama and HHS Secretary Sebelius should be applauded for having the courage and compassion to help so many Americans who are in desperate need of affordable health insurance coverage, but have been unable to do so only because of the actions of profit-hungry insurance companies who discriminate against the sick," said Conyers. "For far too long, Americans with pre-existing conditions have been locked out of our health insurance market. Today, the Obama Administration's Pre-Existing Condition Insurance Plan gives them a new option -- the same insurance coverage as a healthy individual if they've been uninsured for at least six months because of a medical condition." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. Conyers: There Is No Way Lawmakers Will Allow Repeal Of The Affordable Care Act. 4 January 2011. "The passage of the Affordable Care Act in the 111th Congress was an historic first step towards the creation of a high quality universal health care system in America. Some of the key provisions of the health reform law that took effect earlier this month include the requirement that insurers spend 80 to 85 percent of premiums on medical care, which is lower then what they currently pay. This provision should translate into a reduction of monthly insurance premiums for many middle class families. Furthermore, primary care physicians and general surgeons will receive a 10 percent increase in their Medicare reimbursement, which means more doctors and clinics will have a financial incentive to treat those who have Medicare coverage. Senior citizens who are caught in the doughnut hole will now have a 50 percent reduction in the costs of their prescription drugs, and their preventative health screens and annual physicals will now be fully covered." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. Directing Committees to Review Regulations from Federal Agencies. 11 February 2011. "In the time allotted to the Judiciary Committee, Judge Poe, if he is still here, has raised two specific grievances about overregulation diminishing job opportunity. One was on the 1099 form, which I am going to examine more carefully; and the other was about the fact that the Health Care Reform Act frequently, derogatorily, is referred to as the ObamaCare Act, but which I call the ObamaCare Act because I think it's going to go down in history as a major accomplishment of the President's within the first 2 years of his office." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. Hearing of the House Judiciary Committee - "Constitutionality of the Individual Mandate" 16 February 2011. "Solicitor General Fried is not a partisan supporter of the Affordable Care Act, but he is a staunch defender of our Constitution. In his view, the individual mandate is fully constitutional because Congress unquestionably has the power to regulate the interstate health and insurance markets and discretion to choose the "Necessary and Proper" means of doing so. He testified on this before our Senate colleagues and I would like to seek unanimous consent to enter his statement into the record today." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. Repealing the Job-Killing Health Care Law Act. 18 January 2011. "Ladies and gentlemen of the House, I am very pleased to defend what has been not intended as a compliment, but to defend the so-called ObamaCare bill. President Obama is going to go down in history for having taken 54 million people, according to the CBO, off the rolls of the uninsured and given them insurance." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • American Public Health Association. 04/18/2012. "John Conyers supported the interests of the American Public Health Association 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. HR 2. 112th Congress. Repealing the Health Care Bill. John Conyers voted Nay on 01/19/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "i) The federal government has no responsibility in providing health care."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health care. Other or expanded principles: "The government should fund and provide universal healthcare"
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "Support President Clinton's position for a "comprehensive health care plan for all Americans.""
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) The federal government has no responsibility in providing health care."
  • John Conyers. Conyers Applauds President Obama For New Pre-Existing Condition Insurance Plan. 2 July 2010. "President Obama and HHS Secretary Sebelius should be applauded for having the courage and compassion to help so many Americans who are in desperate need of affordable health insurance coverage, but have been unable to do so only because of the actions of profit-hungry insurance companies who discriminate against the sick," said Conyers. "For far too long, Americans with pre-existing conditions have been locked out of our health insurance market. Today, the Obama Administration's Pre-Existing Condition Insurance Plan gives them a new option -- the same insurance coverage as a healthy individual if they've been uninsured for at least six months because of a medical condition." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. Conyers: There Is No Way Lawmakers Will Allow Repeal Of The Affordable Care Act. 4 January 2011. "The passage of the Affordable Care Act in the 111th Congress was an historic first step towards the creation of a high quality universal health care system in America. Some of the key provisions of the health reform law that took effect earlier this month include the requirement that insurers spend 80 to 85 percent of premiums on medical care, which is lower then what they currently pay. This provision should translate into a reduction of monthly insurance premiums for many middle class families. Furthermore, primary care physicians and general surgeons will receive a 10 percent increase in their Medicare reimbursement, which means more doctors and clinics will have a financial incentive to treat those who have Medicare coverage. Senior citizens who are caught in the doughnut hole will now have a 50 percent reduction in the costs of their prescription drugs, and their preventative health screens and annual physicals will now be fully covered." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. Directing Committees to Review Regulations from Federal Agencies. 11 February 2011. "In the time allotted to the Judiciary Committee, Judge Poe, if he is still here, has raised two specific grievances about overregulation diminishing job opportunity. One was on the 1099 form, which I am going to examine more carefully; and the other was about the fact that the Health Care Reform Act frequently, derogatorily, is referred to as the ObamaCare Act, but which I call the ObamaCare Act because I think it's going to go down in history as a major accomplishment of the President's within the first 2 years of his office." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. Hearing of the House Judiciary Committee - "Constitutionality of the Individual Mandate" 16 February 2011. "Solicitor General Fried is not a partisan supporter of the Affordable Care Act, but he is a staunch defender of our Constitution. In his view, the individual mandate is fully constitutional because Congress unquestionably has the power to regulate the interstate health and insurance markets and discretion to choose the "Necessary and Proper" means of doing so. He testified on this before our Senate colleagues and I would like to seek unanimous consent to enter his statement into the record today." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. Repealing the Job-Killing Health Care Law Act. 18 January 2011. "Ladies and gentlemen of the House, I am very pleased to defend what has been not intended as a compliment, but to defend the so-called ObamaCare bill. President Obama is going to go down in history for having taken 54 million people, according to the CBO, off the rolls of the uninsured and given them insurance." (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Immigration: Do you support requiring illegal immigrants to return to their country of origin before they are eligible for citizenship? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Children of illegal immigrants, born in the United States, should not automatically receive US citizenship."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "e) Prohibit states from passing laws that deny human services (medical care, education) to illegal immigrants or their children."
  • Federation for American Immigration Reform. 04/18/2012. "John Conyers supported the interests of the Federation for American Immigration Reform 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. HR 5281. 112th Congress. DREAM Act. John Conyers voted Yea on 12/08/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. HR 4437. 109th Congress. Border Security Bill. John Conyers voted Nay on 12/16/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute. 04/18/2012. "John Conyers supported the interests of National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Support amnesty for illegal immigrants already working in the United States."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Children of illegal immigrants, born in the United States, should not automatically receive U.S. citizenship."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Children of illegal immigrants, born in the United States, should not automatically receive US citizenship."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "e) Prohibit states from passing laws that deny human services (medical care, education) to illegal immigrants or their children."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Grant U.S. citizenship to children born in the US only if their parents immigrated legally."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Grant U.S. citizenship to children born in the US only if their parents immigrated legally."
  • Federation for American Immigration Reform. 04/18/2012. "John Conyers supported the interests of the Federation for American Immigration Reform 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. HR 5281. 112th Congress. DREAM Act. John Conyers voted Yea on 12/08/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. HR 4437. 109th Congress. Border Security Bill. John Conyers voted Nay on 12/16/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute. 04/18/2012. "John Conyers supported the interests of National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Support amnesty for illegal immigrants already working in the United States."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "c) Ease citizenship requirements in order to make it easier for immigrants to become United States citizens."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "c) Ease citizenship requirements in order to make it easier for immigrants to become United States citizens."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Children of illegal immigrants, born in the United States, should not automatically receive U.S. citizenship."
Yes Inferred Answer Marriage: Do you support same-sex marriage? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • John Conyers. HR 3685. 110th Congress. Sexual Orientation Employment Nondiscrimination Act (ENDA). John Conyers voted Yea on 11/07/2007. (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. HR 3685. 110th Congress. Sexual Orientation Employment Nondiscrimination Act (ENDA). John Conyers voted Yea on 11/07/2007. (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. H J Res 88. 110th Congress. Same-Sex Marriage Resolution. John Conyers voted Nay on 07/18/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Human Rights Campaign. 04/18/2012. "John Conyers supported the interests of the Human Rights Campaign 97 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Family Research Council. 04/18/2012. "John Conyers supported the interests of the Family Research Council 0 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. HR 2965. 112th Congress. Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act. John Conyers voted Yea on 12/15/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. Joint Statement by Respect for Marriage Act Sponsors on King & Spalding's Withdrawal from DOMA Defense. 25 April 2011. "King & Spalding's withdrawal from their representation of the Bipartisan Legal Advisory Group of the House of Representatives is yet another blow to House Republican Leaders' efforts to defend DOMA in court. Whatever the firm's reasoning -- whether they now agree with the President and Attorney General that the law is legally and factually indefensible or have decided that defending DOMA is unacceptable to many of their partners and employees -- their withdrawal confirms what is increasingly obvious: it is patently wrong to defend this harmful law. Congress should pass the Respect for Marriage Act and repeal DOMA once and for all." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. Republican Misguided Priorities. 6 June 2007. "Mr. Speaker, yesterday, the Senate Republican leadership renewed debate on whether the Constitution of the United States should limit marriage and any civil union to one man and one woman. It is distressing to me that we live in an age in which we still must fight to protect our civil rights as Americans, in which a hate crime perpetrated against someone based their sexual orientation can go unpunished, and in which discrimination is being written into our laws." (votesmart.org)
  • American Civil Liberties Union. 04/18/2012. "John Conyers supported the interests of the American Civil Liberties Union 100 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • Traditional Values Coalition. 04/18/2012. "John Conyers supported the interests of the Traditional Values Coalition 28 percent in 2006" (votesmart.org)
  • American Family Association. 04/18/2012. "John Conyers supported the interests of the American Family Association 11 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. Marriage Protection Amendment. 30 September 2004. "We know that the States are fully capable of dealing with the issue of the same-sex relationship on their own. Our Nation has a long tradition of leaving questions relating to civil marriage to the States, and for more than 228 years the States have dealt with these issues, with marriage age limits, with miscegenation and divorce. Let us leave it with the States." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. Urging House Republican Leaders Not to Defend DOMA. 4 March 2011. "The President correctly concluded last week that the Department of Justice (DOJ) should not defend the Defense of Marriage Act in court -- nor should the House of Representatives. In the 15 years since the passage of DOMA, the harmful stereotypes used to justify this law have been shattered. There simply is no legitimate reason for denying committed gay and lesbian couples the legal security, rights and responsibilities that marriage provides." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. Letter to Speaker Boehner. 26 September 2011. "On April 4, 2011, several of us asked for a briefing regarding your planned defense of the "Defense of Marriage Act" (DOMA) in court proceedings challenging the constitutionality of Section 3, which defines marriage for purposes of federal law. As Members who believe that DOMA is unconstitutional and support the President's decision to stop defending it, we believe that the law is not factually or legally justifiable and were interested in hearing what arguments might possibly be made in its defense." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers signed the Freedom to Marry: Democrats Say I Do pledge. "The Democratic Party supports the full inclusion of all families in the life of our nation, with equal respect, responsibility, and protection under the law, including the freedom to marry. Government has no business putting barriers in the path of people seeking to care for their family members, particularly in challenging economic times. We support the Respect for Marriage Act and the overturning of the federal so-called "Defense of Marriage Act," and oppose discriminatory constitutional amendments and other attempts to deny the freedom to marry to loving and committed same-sex couples." (www.freedomtomarry.org)
  • John Conyers. Pelosi, Nadler, 130 House Members File Amicus Brief on Federal Case Against DOMA. 10 July 2012. "Heightened scrutiny applies: the brief agrees with Justice Department's position that lesbians and gay men are an identifiable minority group that lack sufficient political power to obtain the consistent and favorable treatment of lawmakers; as a result, they need the protection that heightened judicial review provides. Congress's treatment of gay men and lesbians illustrates that this group has been unable to prevent harmful laws or achieve desired policy results that directly impact their lives. Gay men and lesbians are a historically disfavored minority that has often been targeted for legislative action based on stereotypes and bias, making it inappropriate for courts to grant laws like DOMA the same presumption of validity afforded to most acts of Congress. Instead, laws that single out gay men and lesbians for harm warrant judicial skepticism and heightened review. This requires the government to show that Section 3 serves a significant federal interest, and even BLAG seems to concede that it loses under this standard. Even under rational basis as applied by the Supreme Court in cases where the rights of a minority are at stake, Section 3 is unconstitutional. Section 3 does not achieve, but undermines, the actual interests served by the programs that take marital status into account, and denying recognition to couples who already are married under state law does not rationally serve any of the reasons relied upon by Congress in 1996 or created in response to this litigation." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. Pelosi, Nadler, 130 House Members File Amicus Brief on Federal Case Against DOMA. 10 July 2012. "Heightened scrutiny applies: the brief agrees with Justice Department's position that lesbians and gay men are an identifiable minority group that lack sufficient political power to obtain the consistent and favorable treatment of lawmakers; as a result, they need the protection that heightened judicial review provides. Congress's treatment of gay men and lesbians illustrates that this group has been unable to prevent harmful laws or achieve desired policy results that directly impact their lives. Gay men and lesbians are a historically disfavored minority that has often been targeted for legislative action based on stereotypes and bias, making it inappropriate for courts to grant laws like DOMA the same presumption of validity afforded to most acts of Congress. Instead, laws that single out gay men and lesbians for harm warrant judicial skepticism and heightened review. This requires the government to show that Section 3 serves a significant federal interest, and even BLAG seems to concede that it loses under this standard. Even under rational basis as applied by the Supreme Court in cases where the rights of a minority are at stake, Section 3 is unconstitutional. Section 3 does not achieve, but undermines, the actual interests served by the programs that take marital status into account, and denying recognition to couples who already are married under state law does not rationally serve any of the reasons relied upon by Congress in 1996 or created in response to this litigation." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers signed the Freedom to Marry: Democrats Say I Do pledge. "The Democratic Party supports the full inclusion of all families in the life of our nation, with equal respect, responsibility, and protection under the law, including the freedom to marry. Government has no business putting barriers in the path of people seeking to care for their family members, particularly in challenging economic times. We support the Respect for Marriage Act and the overturning of the federal so-called "Defense of Marriage Act," and oppose discriminatory constitutional amendments and other attempts to deny the freedom to marry to loving and committed same-sex couples." (www.freedomtomarry.org)
  • John Conyers. Letter to Speaker Boehner. 26 September 2011. "On April 4, 2011, several of us asked for a briefing regarding your planned defense of the "Defense of Marriage Act" (DOMA) in court proceedings challenging the constitutionality of Section 3, which defines marriage for purposes of federal law. As Members who believe that DOMA is unconstitutional and support the President's decision to stop defending it, we believe that the law is not factually or legally justifiable and were interested in hearing what arguments might possibly be made in its defense." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. Urging House Republican Leaders Not to Defend DOMA. 4 March 2011. "The President correctly concluded last week that the Department of Justice (DOJ) should not defend the Defense of Marriage Act in court -- nor should the House of Representatives. In the 15 years since the passage of DOMA, the harmful stereotypes used to justify this law have been shattered. There simply is no legitimate reason for denying committed gay and lesbian couples the legal security, rights and responsibilities that marriage provides." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. Marriage Protection Amendment. 30 September 2004. "We know that the States are fully capable of dealing with the issue of the same-sex relationship on their own. Our Nation has a long tradition of leaving questions relating to civil marriage to the States, and for more than 228 years the States have dealt with these issues, with marriage age limits, with miscegenation and divorce. Let us leave it with the States." (votesmart.org)
  • Traditional Values Coalition. 04/18/2012. "John Conyers supported the interests of the Traditional Values Coalition 28 percent in 2006" (votesmart.org)
  • American Family Association. 04/18/2012. "John Conyers supported the interests of the American Family Association 11 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • American Civil Liberties Union. 04/18/2012. "John Conyers supported the interests of the American Civil Liberties Union 100 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. Republican Misguided Priorities. 6 June 2007. "Mr. Speaker, yesterday, the Senate Republican leadership renewed debate on whether the Constitution of the United States should limit marriage and any civil union to one man and one woman. It is distressing to me that we live in an age in which we still must fight to protect our civil rights as Americans, in which a hate crime perpetrated against someone based their sexual orientation can go unpunished, and in which discrimination is being written into our laws." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. Joint Statement by Respect for Marriage Act Sponsors on King & Spalding's Withdrawal from DOMA Defense. 25 April 2011. "King & Spalding's withdrawal from their representation of the Bipartisan Legal Advisory Group of the House of Representatives is yet another blow to House Republican Leaders' efforts to defend DOMA in court. Whatever the firm's reasoning -- whether they now agree with the President and Attorney General that the law is legally and factually indefensible or have decided that defending DOMA is unacceptable to many of their partners and employees -- their withdrawal confirms what is increasingly obvious: it is patently wrong to defend this harmful law. Congress should pass the Respect for Marriage Act and repeal DOMA once and for all." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. HR 2965. 112th Congress. Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act. John Conyers voted Yea on 12/15/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Family Research Council. 04/18/2012. "John Conyers supported the interests of the Family Research Council 0 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • Human Rights Campaign. 04/18/2012. "John Conyers supported the interests of the Human Rights Campaign 97 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. H J Res 88. 110th Congress. Same-Sex Marriage Resolution. John Conyers voted Nay on 07/18/2006. (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer National Security: Do you support targeting suspected terrorists outside of official theaters of conflict? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • John Conyers. Afghanistan War Powers Resolution. 30 March 2011. "Thirdly, the armed unmanned drones in Pakistan are unlawful. Another concern is that the Afghanistan action has paved the way for unauthorized military actions in neighboring Pakistan, including the use of military drones. The military continues to use armed unmanned drones operated by the CIA and conducts exercises on the ground in order to target Al Qaeda and the Taliban and additional terrorist groups. How can the administration pursue the use of drones without abandoning America's hallmark commitment to civil liberties? The use of drones has placed the United States military in a bad light internationally for the killings of innocent people from the use of drones. The New America Foundation, reportedly, estimates that between 867 and 1,281 deaths from drone strikes, with 277 to 435 being noncombatants that have died since 2004. The use of drones by the United States has been called ``one of Washington's worst-kept secrets.'' American drones may well have attacked jihadist groups not connected to the supporters and members Al Qaeda or the Taliban. This combat can not be justified under the AUMF authorization because the attacks exceed the scope the authorization." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. Letter to the Honorable Barack Obama. 12 June 2012. "We are concerned that the use of such "signature strikes" could raise the risk of killing innocent civilians or individuals who may have no relationship to attacks on the United States. We are further concerned about the legal grounds for such strikes under the 2001 Authorization for the Use of Military Force." (kucinich.house.gov)
  • John Conyers. Letter to Colleague. 25 May 2011. "Today, the House will begin consideration of the National Defense Authorization Act. Section 1034 of this 920-page bill contains perhaps the broadest authorization for use of military force (AUMF) Congress has ever considered. This monumental legislation will affirmatively and preemptively give the president unprecedented power to launch attacks anywhere in the world, even within the United States. The bipartisan Amash-Lee-Conyers-Jones-Nadler-Paul amendment (No. 50) strikes this provision, and we ask that you stand with us and support this amendment on the floor." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. Afghanistan War Powers Resolution. 30 March 2011. "Thirdly, the armed unmanned drones in Pakistan are unlawful. Another concern is that the Afghanistan action has paved the way for unauthorized military actions in neighboring Pakistan, including the use of military drones. The military continues to use armed unmanned drones operated by the CIA and conducts exercises on the ground in order to target Al Qaeda and the Taliban and additional terrorist groups. How can the administration pursue the use of drones without abandoning America's hallmark commitment to civil liberties? The use of drones has placed the United States military in a bad light internationally for the killings of innocent people from the use of drones. The New America Foundation, reportedly, estimates that between 867 and 1,281 deaths from drone strikes, with 277 to 435 being noncombatants that have died since 2004. The use of drones by the United States has been called ``one of Washington's worst-kept secrets.'' American drones may well have attacked jihadist groups not connected to the supporters and members Al Qaeda or the Taliban. This combat can not be justified under the AUMF authorization because the attacks exceed the scope the authorization." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. Afghanistan War Powers Resolution. 17 March 2011. "But, now, getting to Afghanistan, we find that we have a resolution dating back to September 14, 2011, a use of force resolution. But that has expired, by any rational investigation of it. It was designed to respond to the 9/11 terrorist attack and to fight al Qaeda. But today we're in Afghanistan on a long-term effort at rebuilding the nation. Nation building is unrelated to that original resolution. And now we're in Afghanistan and an unlawful incursion into Pakistan." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. Letter to Chairman McKeon. 10 May 2011 "Among the many troubling aspects of the Detainee Security Act are provisions that expand the war against terrorist organizations on a global basis. The Authorization for the Use of Military Force (AUMF) of 2001 was widely thought to provide authorization for the war in Afghanistan to root out al Qaeda, the Taliban, and others responsible for the 9/11 attacks. That war has dragged on for almost ten years, and after the demise of Osama Bin Laden, as the United States prepares for withdrawal from Afghanistan, the Detainee Security Act purports to expand the 'armed conflict' against the Taliban, al Qaeda, and "associated forces" without limit. By declaring a global war against nameless individuals, organizations, and nations "associated" with the Taliban and al Qaeda, as well as those playing a supporting role in their efforts, the Detainee Security Act would appear to grant the President near unfettered authority to initiate military action around the world without further congressional approval. Such authority must not be ceded to the President without careful deliberation from Congress." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. Letter to the Honorable Barack Obama. 12 June 2012. "We are concerned that the use of such "signature strikes" could raise the risk of killing innocent civilians or individuals who may have no relationship to attacks on the United States. We are further concerned about the legal grounds for such strikes under the 2001 Authorization for the Use of Military Force." (kucinich.house.gov)
  • John Conyers. Letter to Chairman McKeon. 10 May 2011 "Among the many troubling aspects of the Detainee Security Act are provisions that expand the war against terrorist organizations on a global basis. The Authorization for the Use of Military Force (AUMF) of 2001 was widely thought to provide authorization for the war in Afghanistan to root out al Qaeda, the Taliban, and others responsible for the 9/11 attacks. That war has dragged on for almost ten years, and after the demise of Osama Bin Laden, as the United States prepares for withdrawal from Afghanistan, the Detainee Security Act purports to expand the 'armed conflict' against the Taliban, al Qaeda, and "associated forces" without limit. By declaring a global war against nameless individuals, organizations, and nations "associated" with the Taliban and al Qaeda, as well as those playing a supporting role in their efforts, the Detainee Security Act would appear to grant the President near unfettered authority to initiate military action around the world without further congressional approval. Such authority must not be ceded to the President without careful deliberation from Congress." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. Afghanistan War Powers Resolution. 17 March 2011. "But, now, getting to Afghanistan, we find that we have a resolution dating back to September 14, 2011, a use of force resolution. But that has expired, by any rational investigation of it. It was designed to respond to the 9/11 terrorist attack and to fight al Qaeda. But today we're in Afghanistan on a long-term effort at rebuilding the nation. Nation building is unrelated to that original resolution. And now we're in Afghanistan and an unlawful incursion into Pakistan." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers. Letter to Colleague. 25 May 2011. "Today, the House will begin consideration of the National Defense Authorization Act. Section 1034 of this 920-page bill contains perhaps the broadest authorization for use of military force (AUMF) Congress has ever considered. This monumental legislation will affirmatively and preemptively give the president unprecedented power to launch attacks anywhere in the world, even within the United States. The bipartisan Amash-Lee-Conyers-Jones-Nadler-Paul amendment (No. 50) strikes this provision, and we ask that you stand with us and support this amendment on the floor." (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Social Security: Do you support allowing individuals to divert a portion of their Social Security taxes into personal retirement accounts? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which are managed by the government."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government."
  • Alliance for Retired Americans. 04/18/2012. "John Conyers supported the interests of the Alliance for Retired Americans 100 percent in 2008." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers signed Social Security Protectors: Protecting Social Security Pledge. "Social Security belongs to the people who have worked hard all their lives and contributed to it. Social Security is a promise that must not be broken. We need to strengthen Social Security, not cut it. That is why I oppose any cuts to Social Security benefits, including increasing the retirement age. I also oppose any effort to privatize Social Security, in whole or in part." (socialsecurityprotectors.com)
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which are managed by the government."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government."
  • Alliance for Retired Americans. 04/18/2012. "John Conyers supported the interests of the Alliance for Retired Americans 100 percent in 2008." (votesmart.org)
  • John Conyers signed Social Security Protectors: Protecting Social Security Pledge. "Social Security belongs to the people who have worked hard all their lives and contributed to it. Social Security is a promise that must not be broken. We need to strengthen Social Security, not cut it. That is why I oppose any cuts to Social Security benefits, including increasing the retirement age. I also oppose any effort to privatize Social Security, in whole or in part." (socialsecurityprotectors.com)
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government."
  • John Conyers. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves."

Key

Candidate Answer

Official Position: Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.

Inferred Answer

Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Project Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.

Unknown Answer

Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue.

Project Vote Smart's Research: Click on this icon to reveal more information about this candidate's position.

Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as the candidate has submitted it. Project Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

Congressional Election 2006 National Political Awareness Test

This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.

The Political Courage Test asks candidates which items they will support if elected. It does not ask them to indicate which items they will oppose. Through extensive research of public polling data, we discovered that voters are more concerned with what candidates would support when elected to office, not what they oppose. If a candidate does not select a response to any part or all of any question, it does not necessarily indicate that the candidate is opposed to that particular item.
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding abortion.
a) Abortions should always be illegal.
b) Abortions should always be legal.
c) Abortions should be legal only within the first trimester of pregnancy.
d) Abortions should be legal when the pregnancy resulted from incest or rape.
e) Abortions should be legal when the life of the woman is endangered.
f) Prohibit public funding of abortions and to organizations that advocate or perform abortions.
g) Other or expanded principles
Using the key, indicate what federal funding levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once.
Budget Priorities
Slightly Increasea) Agriculture
Slightly Increaseb) Arts
Greatly Decreasec) Defense
Greatly Increased) Education
Greatly Increasee) Environment
Greatly Increasef) Homeland security
Greatly Increaseg) International aid
Greatly Increaseh) Law enforcement
Greatly Increasei) Medical research
Slightly Increasej) National parks
Greatly Increasek) Public health services
Slightly Increasel) Scientific research
Greatly Decreasem) Space exploration programs
Greatly Increasen) Transportation and highway infrastructure
Greatly Increaseo) Welfare
Greatly Increasep) Emergency preparedness
q) Other or expanded categories
Defense Spending
Greatly Increasea) Armed forces personnel training
Maintain Statusb) Intelligence operations
Maintain Statusc) Military hardware
Slightly Increased) Modernization of weaponry and equipment
Eliminatee) National missile defense
Greatly Increasef) Pay for active duty personnel
Slightly Increaseg) Programs to improve troop retention rates
Greatly Decreaseh) Research and development of new weapons
Greatly Increasei) Troop and equipment readiness
j) Other or expanded categories
Using the key above, indicate what federal tax levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category.
Taxes
Income Taxes:
Family Income
Eliminatea) Less than $25,000
Greatly Decreaseb) $25,000-$75,000
Slightly Decreasec) $75,000-$150,000
Slightly Increased) Over $150,000
e) Other or expanded categories

Greatly increase- over 1 million per year

Retiree Income
f) Over $40,000
g) Other or expanded categories
Other Taxes:
Greatly Increasea) Alcohol taxes
Greatly Increaseb) Capital gains taxes
Greatly Increasec) Cigarette taxes
Slightly Increased) Corporate taxes
Greatly Decreasee) Gasoline taxes
Maintain Statusf) Inheritance taxes
g) Other or expanded categories
Deductions/Credits:
Greatly Increasea) Charitable contributions
Greatly Increaseb) Child tax credit
Greatly Increasec) Earned income tax credit
Greatly Increased) Medical expense deduction
Greatly Increasee) Mortgage deduction
Greatly Increasef) Student loan credit
g) Other or expanded categories
No4) Do you support the permanent repeal of the federal estate tax?
No5) Do you support making President Bush's tax cuts permanent?
6) Discuss your proposals for balancing the federal budget. (75 words or less. Please use an attached page if the space below is not adequate.)
7) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance and government reform.
Xa) Support public taxpayer funding for federal candidates who comply with campaign spending limits.
b) Increase the amount individuals are permitted to contribute to federal campaigns.
c) Prohibit Political Action Committee (PAC) contributions to candidates for federal office.
d) Allow unregulated soft money campaign contributions to political parties or committees.
e) Remove all contribution limits on federal campaigns and parties.
f) Require Section 527 organizations to register with the Federal Election Commission as Political Action Committees.
g) Do you support instant run-off voting?
Yesh) Should Election Day be a national holiday?
i) Do you support a constitutional amendment that would define marriage as a union between a man and woman?
j) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding crime.
a) Support the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
Xb) Eliminate the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
Xc) Support programs to provide prison inmates with educational, vocational and job-related skills and job-placement assistance when released.
Xd) Support programs to provide prison inmates with drug and alcohol addiction treatment.
Xe) Reduce prison sentences for those who commit non-violent crimes.
Xf) Require that crimes based on gender, sexual orientation, and disability be prosecuted as federal hate crimes.
g) Impose stricter penalties for those convicted of corporate crimes.
h) Minors accused of a violent crime should be prosecuted as adults.
i) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding drugs.
a) Support mandatory jail sentences for selling illegal drugs.
Xb) Expand federally sponsored drug education and drug treatment programs.
c) Decriminalize the possession of small amounts of marijuana.
Xd) Allow doctors to recommend marijuana to their patients for medicinal purposes.
Xe) Increase border security to stop the flow of illegal drugs into the United States.
f) Eliminate federal funding for programs associated with the "war on drugs."
g) Support a federal law to standardize testing and penalties for steroid use in professional sports.
h) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding education.
a) Support national standards for and testing of public school students.
b) Allow parents to use vouchers, (equal opportunity scholarships) to send their children to any public school.
c) Allow parents to use vouchers, (equal opportunity scholarships) to send their children to any private or religious school.
Xd) Allow teachers and professionals to receive authorization and funding to establish charter schools.
Xe) Reward teachers with merit pay for working in low-income schools.
Xf) Increase funding for school capital improvements (e.g. buildings, infrastructure, technology).
Xg) Support affirmative action in public college admissions.
Xh) Increase funding of programs such as Pell grants and Stafford loans to help students pay for college.
Xi) Support federal tax incentives to help families save for college.
j) Other or expanded principles

a) supports if funding by federal government is sufficiently provided. However, I recognize the need for better benchmarking of students.

1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding employment.
Xa) Increase funding for national job-training programs that re-train displaced workers or teach skills needed in today's job market.
b) Reduce government regulation of the private sector in order to encourage investment and economic expansion.
Xc) Provide tax credits or grants to businesses that offer child care services to employees.
Xd) Encourage employers to offer flex-time scheduling, comp-time, and unpaid leave for family emergencies.
e) Eliminate all federal programs designed to reduce unemployment.
Xf) Increase the federal minimum wage.
Xg) Support the right of workers to strike without fear of being permanently replaced.
Xh) Include sexual orientation in federal anti-discrimination laws.
i) Other or expanded principles
2) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding affirmative action.
Xa) The federal government should consider race and gender in government contracting decisions.
b) The federal government should discontinue affirmative action programs.
Xc) The federal government should continue affirmative action programs.
d) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the environment and energy.
Xa) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Water Act.
Xb) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Air Act.
c) Support Clear Skies Act to reduce power plant emissions by setting a national cap on pollutants.
d) Require states to compensate citizens when environmental regulations limit uses of privately-owned land.
e) Relax logging restrictions on federal lands.
Xf) Relax standards on federal lands to allow increased recreational usage.
g) Support increased development of traditional energy resources (e.g. coal, natural gas, oil).
h) Strengthen emission controls and fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles.
i) Support opening a portion of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge for oil exploration.
Xj) Encourage further development and use of alternative fuels to reduce pollution.
Xk) Support the use of ethanol as an alternative fuel.
Xl) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits.
Xm) Support the Kyoto Protocol to limit global warming.
n) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding guns.
Xa) Reauthorize the ban on the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting.
Xb) Maintain and strengthen the current level of enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns.
Xf) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows.
g) Require a license for gun possession.
h) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health care.
a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government.
Xb) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income.
c) Expand eligibility for tax-free medical savings accounts.
d) Establish limits on the amount of punitive damages awarded in medical malpractice lawsuits.
Xe) Support expanding prescription drug coverage under Medicare.
Xf) Offer tax credits to individuals and small businesses to offset the cost of insurance coverage.
Xg) Support automatic enrollment of children in federal health care programs such as CHIP and Medicaid.
Xh) Support stem cell research on existing lines of stem cells.
Xi) Allow laboratories to create new lines of stem cells for additional research.
j) Other or expanded principles

The government should fund and provide universal healthcare

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding immigration.
a) Decrease the number of legal immigrants allowed into the country.
b) Establish English as the official national language.
c) Support a temporary worker program that would enable illegal immigrants to work in the United States legally.
d) Relax restrictions barring legal immigrants from using government funded social programs (e.g. public housing, food stamps).
e) Support amnesty for illegal immigrants already working in the United States.
f) Other or expanded principles

Rep. Conyers supports comprehensive immigration reform that increases border security, reunites families. provides a pathway for earned legalization to undocumented immigrans who support our economy.

International Aid
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding United States economic assistance.
Xa) Aid should be granted to countries when extraordinary circumstances cause disaster and threaten civilian lives.
Xb) Aid should be granted to countries when it is in the security interests of the United States.
c) Aid should be eliminated for any nation with documented human rights abuses.
d) International Aid programs should be scaled back and eventually eliminated.
e) Other or expanded principles
International Policy
1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the Middle East.
Yesa) Should the United States continue to provide leadership in the Israeli-Palestinian peace process?
Yesb) Should the United States support the creation of a Palestinian state?
Yesc) Should the United States withdraw its troops from Iraq?
Nod) Should the United States send more troops to Iraq?
e) Discuss your proposals for an exit strategy in Iraq. (75 words or less. Please use an attached page if the space below is not adequate.)

I support the Murtha Resolutuion calling for a draw down of troops while keeping troops in near proximity. Increased diplomacy is called for in the region.

f) Other or expanded principles
2) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Central and East Asia.
a) Should the United States use diplomatic and economic pressure to encourage North Korea to abandon its nuclear weapons program?
b) Should the United States use military force to dismantle the North Korean nuclear weapons program?
c) Should the United States remove the North Korean government from power?
Yesd) Should the United States increase financial support to Afghanistan?
e) Should the United States increase military support to Afghanistan?
f) Other or expanded principles
3) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the United Nations.
Yesa) Should the United States maintain its financial support of the United Nations?
Nob) Should the United States decrease its financial support of the United Nations?
Yesc) Should the United States commit troops to United Nations peacekeeping missions?
d) Other or expanded principles
Yes4) Should the United States lift the travel ban to Cuba?
No5) Should the United States increase its financial support to Colombia to combat "the war on drugs?"
Yes6) Should aid to African nations for AIDS prevention programs fund distribution of contraceptives?
7) Should aid to African nations for AIDS prevention programs fund abstinence education?
8) Other or expanded principles
International Trade
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding international trade.
No1) Do you support the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)?
No2) Do you support the Central American Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA)?
3) Do you support the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)?
Yes4) Do you support continued U.S. membership in the World Trade Organization (WTO)?
Yes5) Should a nation's human rights record affect its normal trade relations (most favored nation) status with the United States?
No6) Do you support the trade embargo against Cuba?
Yes7) Should trade agreements include provisions to address environmental concerns and to protect workers' rights?
8) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding national security.
a) Do you support using military tribunals to try suspected terrorists when ordinary civilian courts are deemed inappropriate or impractical?
b) Should the United States grant law enforcement agencies greater discretion to read mail and email, tap phones, and conduct random searches to prevent future terrorist attacks?
c) Should the United States hold foreign states accountable for terrorists who operate in their country?
d) Should the federal government increase funding to states and cities for homeland security?
e) Do you support the prohibition of torture or cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment of prisoners in U.S. custody?
f) Do you support a policy of pre-emptive military strikes against countries deemed to be a threat to U.S. national security?
g) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Social Security.
a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves.
b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government.
c) Invest a portion of Social Security assets collectively in stocks and bonds instead of United States Treasury securities.
Xd) Increase the payroll tax to better finance Social Security in its current form.
e) Lower the annual cost-of-living increases.
f) Raise the retirement age for individual eligibility to receive full Social Security benefits.
g) Other of expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding technology and communication.
a) Collect taxes on commercial Internet transactions.
b) Continue the moratorium on Internet taxation.
c) Implement government regulation of Internet content.
d) Support government mandates to curtail violent and sexual content on television.
Xe) Support strict penalties for Internet crimes (e.g. hacking, identity theft, worms/viruses).
Xf) Support legislation to detail how personal information can be collected and used on the Internet.
g) Regulating the Internet is not a responsibility of the federal government.
h) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding welfare and poverty.
a) Require welfare recipients to spend at least 40 hours a week in a combination of work and training programs.
Xb) Increase funding for child care programs.
Xc) Continue to give states and local governments flexibility in and responsibility for welfare programs through federal block grants.
Xd) Direct federal poverty aid through religious, community-based, or other non-profit organizations.
e) Abolish all federal welfare programs.
Xf) Support housing assistance for welfare recipients.
g) Other or expanded principles

a) Yes, only if given other support with disabilities. Training should be emphasized so people can do more than minimum skill jobs

On an attached page, disk, or via email, please explain in a total of 75 words or less, your top two or three priorities if elected. If they require additional funding for implementation, please explain how you would obtain this funding.