or Login to see your representatives.

Access Candidates' and Representatives' Biographies, Voting Records, Interest Group Ratings, Issue Positions, Public Statements, and Campaign Finances

Simply enter your zip code above to get to all of your candidates and representatives, or enter a name. Then, just click on the person you are interested in, and you can navigate to the categories of information we track for them.

Steny H. Hoyer

Steny Hoyer's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)

Full Name: Steny H. Hoyer
Office: U.S. House (MD) - District 5, Democratic Minority Whip
First Elected: 05/19/1981
Last Elected: 11/06/2012
Next Election: 2014
On The Ballot: Running, Democratic for U.S. House - District 5
Primary June 24, 2014
General Nov. 4, 2014
Gender: Male
Family: Widowed; 3 Children: Susan, Stefany, Anne
Birth Date: 06/14/1939
Birth Place: New York, NY
Home City: Mechanicsville, MD
Religion: Baptist
Project Vote Smart does not permit the use of its name or programs in any campaign activity, including advertising, debates, and speeches.
Steny Hoyer's processing deadline has not passed. The result of Steny Hoyer's Political Courage Test will be released in upcoming weeks.
Urge Steny Hoyer to fill out the Political Courage Test.

Key Staff Email
mariel@hoyerforcongress.com

Key Staff Email
ben@hoyerforcongress.com

Campaign Website

Campaign Social Media

What is the Political Courage Test?

Issue Positions

In response to the increasing unwillingness of candidates to answer issue questions, Project Vote Smart has researched Presidential and Congressional candidates' public records to determine candidates' likely responses on certain key issues. These issue positions, from the year 2014, are provided below as a courtesy to voters.

Pro-choice Inferred Answer Abortion: Do you generally support pro-choice or pro-life legislation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Family Research Council. 04/18/2012. "Steny Hoyer supported the interests of the Family Research Council 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • NARAL Pro-Choice America. 04/18/2012. "Steny Hoyer supported the interests of the NARAL Pro-Choice America 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Steny Hoyer. H Amdt 722. 106th Congress. Oversea Military Abortions Amendment. Steny Hoyer voted Yea on 05/18/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • Steny Hoyer. H Amdt 509. 111th Congress. Prohibiting Federally Funded Abortion Services. Steny Hoyer voted Nay on 11/07/2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Steny Hoyer. HR 748. 109th Congress. Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act. Steny Hoyer voted Nay on 04/27/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Steny Hoyer. H Amdt 156. 106th Congress. Overseas Military Abortion Amendment. Steny Hoyer voted Yea on 06/09/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Steny Hoyer. H Amdt 95. 112th Congress. Prohibiting Use of Federal Funds For Planned Parenthood. Steny Hoyer voted Nay on 02/18/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Steny Hoyer. H Amdt 1017. 106th Congress. Abortion Funding Amendment. Steny Hoyer voted Yea on 07/20/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • Steny Hoyer. H Amdt 882. 106th Congress. Prison Abortion Funding Amendment. Steny Hoyer voted Yea on 06/22/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • Steny Hoyer. HR 6099. 110th Congress. Abortion Pain Bill. Steny Hoyer voted Nay on 12/06/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Steny Hoyer. H Amdt 436. 104th Congress. Overseas Military Abortion Amendment. Steny Hoyer voted Yea on 06/15/1995. (votesmart.org)
  • Steny Hoyer. H AMDT 209. 109th Congress. Overseas Military Facilities Abortion Amendment. Steny Hoyer voted Yea on 05/25/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Steny Hoyer. H Amdt 643. 106th Congress. Abortion Private Funding Restoration Amendment. Steny Hoyer voted Yea on 05/20/1998. (votesmart.org)
  • National Right to Life Committee. 04/18/2012. "Steny Hoyer supported the interests of the National Right to Life Committee 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Steny Hoyer. S 403. 110th Congress. Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act. Steny Hoyer voted Nay on 09/26/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Steny Hoyer. H Amdt 187. 105th Congress. Overseas Military Facilities Abortion Amendment. Steny Hoyer voted Yea on 06/19/1997. (votesmart.org)
  • Steny Hoyer. H Amdt 185. 103th Congress. Hyde Amendment. Steny Hoyer voted Nay on 06/30/1993. (votesmart.org)
  • Steny Hoyer. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Eliminate public funding for abortions and public funding of organizations that advocate or perform abortions."
  • Steny Hoyer. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Abortions should always be legally available."
  • Steny Hoyer. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Steny Hoyer. HR 3660. 106th Congress. Ban on Partial-Birth/Late Term Abortion. Steny Hoyer voted Nay on 04/05/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • Steny Hoyer. HR 3682. 106th Congress. Child Custody Protection Act. Steny Hoyer voted Nay on 07/15/1998. (votesmart.org)
  • Steny Hoyer. HR 670. 103th Congress. Abortion Counseling Bill. Steny Hoyer voted Yea on 03/25/1993. (votesmart.org)
  • NARAL Pro-Choice America. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. NARAL Pro-Choice America endorsed Steny Hoyer in the 2012 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Planned Parenthood. 04/18/2012. "Steny Hoyer supported the interests of Planned Parenthood 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • National Organization for Women. 04/18/2012. "On the votes used to calculate its ratings, the National Organization for Women attaches more value to those votes it considers more important. For 2008, the National Organization for Women gave Steny Hoyer a rating of 100 percent." (votesmart.org)
  • Steny Hoyer. HR 3. 112th Congress. Prohibiting Taxpayer Funding of Abortion. Steny Hoyer voted Nay on 05/04/2011. (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Afghanistan: Do you support United States' combat operations in Afghanistan? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Steny Hoyer. Hoyer Statement on President Obama's State of the Union Address. 25 January 2011. "President Obama delivered a compelling vision of how we can work together to address America's challenges. While our economy is on the road back to health, we know we still have a long way to go--and tonight, the president discussed a strategy for getting us there [¦] just as the president ended our combat mission in Iraq, he is focused on transitioning to an Afghan-led fight and beginning the withdrawal of U.S. troops from Afghanistan. Our troops have put al-Qaeda and Taliban leadership under unprecedented pressure, which both helps to protect America from terrorist attacks and helps the Afghan government to ultimately stand on its own feet. Democrats also remain committed to countering the spread of weapons of mass destruction, and we have made unparalleled strides to stem Iranian nuclear ambitions." (votesmart.org)
  • Peace Action West. 04/18/2012. "Steny Hoyer supported the interests of Peace Action West 38 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Peace Action. 04/18/2012. "Steny Hoyer supported the interests of the Peace Action 38 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Steny Hoyer. H Con Res 28. 112th Congress. Removing Troops from Afghanistan. Steny Hoyer voted Nay on 03/17/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Steny Hoyer. National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012. 26 May 2011. "I rise in support of this amendment as one who has supported this effort for all 10 years that we have been at it. In 2001, in response to the attacks of 9/11, the United States began a war in Afghanistan that targeted Osama bin Laden, al Qaeda, and the Taliban, which provided bin Laden with sanctuary and aid. I supported that effort. We have been pursuing this conflict for nearly a decade now. The death of Osama bin Laden was a landmark moment in our ongoing struggle to disrupt, dismantle, and defeat the terrorist networks that intend to do Americans harm, and that struggle has not ended with bin Laden's death. But his death is a moment for reflection on that struggle and how we can best equip ourselves to win it. Many of the terrorists against which we are fighting are no longer located in Afghanistan but are in disparate locations, from Yemen to Somalia to southeast Asia. And bin Laden was found in Pakistan. I support this amendment, because it focuses upon adjusting to a world of changing threats. It is essential that we fight the smartest war possible against terrorists--but it is fair to ask how a massive troop presence in Afghanistan continues to help us accomplish that goal. We must plan to transfer responsibility for security in Afghanistan to the Afghan people and government after 10 years' presence there, and it is important to make an assessment of how that best can be done. That's what the McGovern amendment does." (votesmart.org)
  • Steny Hoyer. Press Release: Hoyer Statement on Signing of U.S.-Afghanistan Strategic Partnership Agreement. 1 May 2012. "Tonight, the President reiterated his commitment to ending our combat mission in 2014, in accordance with our previous agreement with the Afghan government, and pledged American assistance as Afghans continue the work of building free institutions of government and developing their economy. One year after the death of Osama Bin Laden, I am encouraged that President Obama was able to reach an agreement with President Karzai outlining the non-combat role we can play helping Afghans achieve stability and work toward new opportunities in the years ahead." (www.democraticwhip.gov)
  • Steny Hoyer. Press Release: Hoyer Statement on the President's Speech on Afghanistan. 22 June 2011. "Our struggle against terrorists who would do Americans harm is certainly not over. But now is a time to consider how the threats against Americans have changed, and how we can most effectively defeat the terrorists behind those threats. That's why this matter needs to be under continuing review as we work toward the Afghan people and government taking responsibility for their nation's security and stability. It is crucial that we fight global terrorism both smarter and harder, and I will continue to advocate for an Afghanistan policy that helps us do so." (www.democraticwhip.gov)
Yes Inferred Answer Budget: In order to balance the budget, do you support reducing defense spending? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Steny Hoyer. HR 4939. 110th Congress. Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2006. Steny Hoyer voted Yea on 06/13/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Steny Hoyer. HR 2642. 110th Congress. Funding for Operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. Steny Hoyer voted Yea on 06/19/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Steny Hoyer. HR 3222. 110th Congress. Department of Defense Appropriations, Fiscal Year 2008. Steny Hoyer voted Yea on 08/05/2007. (votesmart.org)
  • Steny Hoyer. H Amdt 13. 112th Congress. Reducing Navy and Air Force Aircraft Procurement. Steny Hoyer voted Nay on 02/15/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Steny Hoyer. HR 5010. 108th Congress. Department of Defense Appropriations, Fiscal Year 2003. Steny Hoyer voted Yea on 10/10/2002. (votesmart.org)
  • Steny Hoyer. Congressman Hoyer Delivers Major Speech on Deficit Reduction. 22 June 2010. "The House also passed two important bills to reform defense procurement: one to cut unnecessary spending from weapons acquisition, which President Obama has signed, and one to cut it from contracting, which is awaiting action in the Senate. Our defense leaders, including Secretary Gates, have repeatedly pointed out that paying for programs we don't need only makes our country weaker in the long run. Our defense spending cannot be above careful scrutiny and analysis of alternatives. In an important speech last month, Secretary Gates drew from the legacy of President Eisenhower, who held that "the United States could only be as militarily strong as it was economically dynamic and fiscally sound.' He added: "the proverbial wall has been brought to our back"; as a result, all the parts of our defense establishment must "take a hard, unsparing look at how they operate." Any conversation about the deficit that leaves out defense spending is seriously flawed before it begins." (votesmart.org)
  • Steny Hoyer. Hoyer Speaks at National Press Club on Historic Election, Congressional Agenda. 18 November 2008. "When it comes to defense, one of our most pressing priorities is rebuilding our armed forces, which have been worn down by years of war. Failing to restore readiness will jeopardize our security in the short term; but financing it with even more debt will threaten our ability to support a world-class military in the long term. That is why we must help phase out wasteful spending that contributes little to our Nation's safety. As a senior Pentagon advisory group wrote, we cannot reset the current force, modernize and transform at the same time. Choices must be made.' We must be prepared to make those choices, confident that wise defense spending is the best security." (votesmart.org)
  • Laura Hall. House Minority Whip Steny Hoyer Calls for Balanced Approach to Deficit Reduction: The Bipartisan Policy Center. 24 May 2011. "Hoyer further explained that, in addressing our debt, a solution needs to contain 'at least five elements: deficit-reducing tax reform; cuts to discretionary spending, both defense and non-defense; action to keep our entitlements strong; a failsafe mechanism; and fairness for all Americans.'" (bipartisanpolicy.org)
  • Steny Hoyer. HR 4986. 110th Congress. Defense Authorizations Bill. Steny Hoyer voted Yea on 01/16/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Steny Hoyer. HR 1363. 112th Congress. 2011 Department of Defense Budget and Additional Continuing Appropriations. Steny Hoyer voted Nay on 04/07/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Steny Hoyer. HR 2561. 106th Congress. Defense Department Appropriations bill, FY2000. Steny Hoyer voted Yea on 07/22/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Steny Hoyer. HR 5631. 110th Congress. Defense Department FY2007 Appropriations Bill. Steny Hoyer voted Yea on 06/20/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Steny Hoyer. HR 4200. 108th Congress. Defense Department FY2005 Authorization Bill. Steny Hoyer voted Yea on 05/20/2004. (votesmart.org)
  • Steny Hoyer. HR 5631. 110th Congress. Department Defense Appropriations Act, FY 2007. Steny Hoyer voted Yea on 09/26/2006. (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Budget: In order to balance the budget, do you support an income tax increase on any tax bracket? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Seung Min Kim. Hoyer: House Dems Would Back Millionaire Tax: Politico. 5 October 2011. "Senate Democratic leaders have pitched the new pay-for, which would impose a 5 percent surtax on those who earn more than $1 million a year. That would raise about $445 billion over a decade, which nearly covers the price tag of Obama's $447 billion jobs bill. 'If the Senate has an alternative that will accomplish the same objectives in a different way, we'll certainly consider it over here. And I think we'd be very pleased to support it,' the Maryland congressman [Hoyer] told reporters during a news conference. 'In fact, some of our members may like that alternative better.'" (www.politico.com)
  • Steny Hoyer. HR 1836. 107th Congress. Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act, 2001. Steny Hoyer voted Nay on 05/16/2001. (votesmart.org)
  • National Taxpayers Union. 04/18/2012. "Steny Hoyer supported reasonable tax and spending policies as defined by the National Taxpayers Union 5 percent of the time in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Citizens for Tax Justice. 04/18/2012. "Steny Hoyer supported the interests of the Citizens for Tax Justice 100 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • Lori Montgomery. The Washington Post: Rep. Steny Hoyer says middle-class tax breaks may not be affordable long-term. 22 June 2010. "Tax cuts that benefit the middle class should not be 'totally sacrosanct' as policymakers try to plug the nation's yawning budget gap, House Majority Leader Steny Hoyer (D-Md.) said Monday, acknowledging that it would be difficult to reduce long-term deficits without breaking President Obama's pledge to protect families earning less than $250,000 a year. [¦] 'We're lying to ourselves and our children if we say we can maintain our current levels of entitlement spending, defense spending and taxation without bankrupting our country.'" (www.washingtonpost.com)
  • Americans for Tax Reform. 04/18/2012. "Steny Hoyer supported the interests of the Americans for Tax Reform 5 percent in 2007." (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Economy: Do you support federal spending as a means of promoting economic growth? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Steny Hoyer. HR 1424. 110th Congress. Financial Asset Purchase Authority and Tax Law Amendments. Steny Hoyer voted Yea on 10/03/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • The Club for Growth. 04/18/2012. "On the votes used to calculate its ratings, The Club for Growth attaches more value to those votes it considers more important. For 2010, The Club for Growth gave Steny Hoyer a rating of 0 percent." (votesmart.org)
  • Steny Hoyer. HR 5297. 112th Congress. Small Business Lending Fund and Tax Law Amendments. Steny Hoyer voted Yea on 09/23/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Prosperity. 04/18/2012. "Steny Hoyer supported the interests of the Americans for Prosperity 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Economy: Do you support providing tax incentives to businesses for the purpose of job creation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Steny Hoyer. Press Conference with House Democratic Leadership - the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. 28 January 2009. "That's why today's passage of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act is so very important to our fellow citizens. It's a bill designed to put Americans back to work with tax relief for 95 percent of all Americans; tax cuts for job-creating businesses and job-creating projects to rebuild our crumbling roads and bridges. Altogether, its provisions are projected to create 3 (million) to 4 million American jobs. That projection is backed up by economists from across the spectrum." (votesmart.org)
  • Steny Hoyer. HR 2488. 106th Congress. Financial Freedom Act of 1999. Steny Hoyer voted Nay on 08/05/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Steny Hoyer. HR 2. 108th Congress. Jobs and Economic Growth bill. Steny Hoyer voted Nay on 05/23/2003. (votesmart.org)
  • Steny Hoyer. Commerce, Justice, Science, And Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2010. 4 March 2010. "That's why I urge my colleagues to pass this bill--a clear, focused effort at putting Americans back to work. It provides strong incentives for businesses to start hiring again. They include a tax exemption that will eliminate businesses' 2010 payroll taxes for every unemployed worker hired. The nonpartisan Congressional Budget Office reports that such tax credits are one of the most effective ways of creating jobs: Providing tax credits for increases in payrolls would increase both output and employment.'' Businesses will also receive further tax credits for keeping new employees on the payroll for the next year. And small businesses will be able to take advantage of tax incentives to finance their expansion." (votesmart.org)
  • Steny Hoyer. Hoyer Statement on Tax Day. 15 April 2009. "The Obama Administration and the Democratic Congress have moved swiftly this year to provide tax relief to millions of families struggling to make ends meet during this recession. We began the year with the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, which focused on assisting working families. This bill included the Making Work Pay tax credit that is already showing up as additional money in the paychecks of working Americans, tax incentives for small businesses to maintain and create jobs, and tax credits to help families send their children to college." (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Education: Do you support requiring states to implement education reforms in order to be eligible for competitive federal grants? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Steny Hoyer. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "i) Eliminate restrictions on federal education funding, giving educators or local school districts more flexibility to design and implement their programs."
  • Steny Hoyer. Issue Position: Education. 7 November 2011. "While Steny Hoyer strongly believes that we must pay down the national debt and shore up Social Security and Medicare, he also believes we must invest in our future by strengthening our public schools. He strongly supported a plan to reduce class size by hiring 100,000 more teachers, supports efforts to recruit and retain highly qualified teachers, and supports a plan to help local school districts finance school renovations and construction. He supported the bipartisan No Child Left Behind legislation, and believes that we must provide adequate funding in order to provide the reforms to raise the achievement levels of our students." (votesmart.org)
  • Steny Hoyer. HR 2300. 106th Congress. Academic Achievement for All Act. Steny Hoyer voted Nay on 10/21/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Steny Hoyer. Press Release: Majority Leader Hoyer Delivers Speech on Democratic Domestic Agenda in the 112th Congress. "So I'm hopeful that in the 112th Congress we'll see a stronger commitment to basic research and to math and science education. I also believe we can find common ground on education reform that builds on the successful Race to the Top program to bring more accountability and data-driven results to our classrooms"while providing the necessary support to schools and teachers educating our most at-risk populations. This kind of commitment to research and education is the foundation of a stronger, more competitive middle class." (www.democraticwhip.gov)
  • Steny Hoyer. Issue Position: Education. 7 November 2011. "Congressman Hoyer is committed to public education and believes that we must get our fiscal house in order so that we can adequately invest in this crucial priority. As a Senior Member of the Appropriations Subcommittee on Labor, Health and Education, Congressman Hoyer has gained tremendous experience on education issues. Congressman Hoyer introduced the Full Service Community Schools Act, modeled after the highly successful Judy Centers throughout Maryland, that would provide funding for public elementary or secondary schools that coordinate multiple educational and social service programs in partnerships with school districts, community-based organizations and public/private partnerships." (votesmart.org)
  • Steny Hoyer. HR 1804. 104th Congress. Goals 2000: Educate America Act. Steny Hoyer voted Yea on 03/23/1994. (votesmart.org)
  • Steny Hoyer. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Support national standards and testing of public school students."
No Inferred Answer Energy: Do you support reducing restrictions on offshore energy production? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Steny Hoyer. HR 3534. 112th Congress. Offshore Drilling Regulations and Other Energy Law Amendments. Steny Hoyer voted Yea on 07/30/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Steny Hoyer. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Support opening a select portion of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge for oil exploration."
  • Steny Hoyer. H Amdt 773. 112th Congress. Ending Moratorium on Deepwater Drilling Rigs that Meet Certain Safety Standards. Steny Hoyer voted Yea on 07/30/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Environment America. 04/18/2012. "Steny Hoyer supported the interests of Environment America 100 percent in 2009." (votesmart.org)
  • Steny Hoyer. HR 1230. 112th Congress. Offshore Leasing Act. Steny Hoyer voted Nay on 05/05/2011. (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Environment: Do you support the federal regulation of greenhouse gas emissions? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Steny Hoyer. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline or diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles."
  • Steny Hoyer. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Support the U.S. re-entering the current Kyoto treaty process to limit global warming."
  • League of Conservation Voters. 04/18/2012. "Steny Hoyer supported the interests of the League of Conservation Voters 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Environment America. 04/18/2012. "Steny Hoyer supported the interests of Environment America 100 percent in 2009." (votesmart.org)
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed Steny Hoyer in the 2012 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed Steny Hoyer in the 2010 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Steny Hoyer. HR 910. 112th Congress. Energy Tax Prevention Act. Steny Hoyer voted Nay on 04/07/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed Steny Hoyer in the 2004 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Steny Hoyer. HR 2454. 111th Congress. Energy and Environmental Law Amendments ("Cap and Trade"). Steny Hoyer voted Yea on 06/26/2009. (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Guns: Do you support restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Steny Hoyer. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows."
  • Steny Hoyer. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Steny Hoyer. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Maintain and strengthen the enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Steny Hoyer. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "i) Raise the minimum age for ownership of handguns from 18 to 21."
  • Steny Hoyer. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Ban the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting."
  • Steny Hoyer. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "h) Require a license for gun possession."
  • Steny Hoyer. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns."
  • Steny Hoyer. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Steny Hoyer. H AMDT 1156. 110th Congress. Trigger Lock Amendment. Steny Hoyer voted Nay on 06/28/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. 04/18/2012. "Steny Hoyer supported the interests of the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence 100 percent from 1988-2003 (Senate) or 1991-2003 (House)." (votesmart.org)
  • Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence endorsed Steny Hoyer in the 2008 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Steny Hoyer. H Amdt 390. 103th Congress. Instant Background Checks for Gun Purchase Amendment. Steny Hoyer voted Nay on 11/10/1993. (votesmart.org)
  • Steny Hoyer. HR 125. 104th Congress. Gun Ban Repeal Act of 1995. Steny Hoyer voted Nay on 03/22/1996. (votesmart.org)
  • Steny Hoyer. HR 6842. 110th Congress. Repealing Portions of the D.C. Firearm Ban. Steny Hoyer voted Nay on 09/17/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Steny Hoyer. HR 1025. 103th Congress. Brady Handgun Bill. Steny Hoyer voted Yea on 11/10/1993. (votesmart.org)
  • Steny Hoyer. S 397. 109th Congress. Firearms Manufacturers Protection Bill. Steny Hoyer voted Nay on 10/20/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Steny Hoyer. HR 4296. 104th Congress. Regulation of Semi-Automatic Assault Weapons. Steny Hoyer voted Yea on 05/05/1994. (votesmart.org)
  • Steny Hoyer. HR 2122. 106th Congress. Mandatory Gun Show Background Check Act. Steny Hoyer voted Nay on 06/18/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Gun Owners of America. 04/18/2012. "In 2010 Gun Owners of America gave Steny Hoyer a grade of 18." (votesmart.org)
  • Steny Hoyer. Hoyer: Republican Gun Bill Violates States' Rights, Creates Zero Jobs. 16 November 2011. "House Democratic Whip Steny H. Hoyer (MD) released the following statement today on the National Right-to-Carry Reciprocity Act, a bill that would undermine the ability of states to legislate on firearm safety and has nothing to do with jobs: [¦] 'this bill would cripple the ability of individual states to legislate on firearm safety and related public safety issues as their unique circumstances dictate. [¦] In Maryland, we only issue concealed-carry permits to state residents who meet certain criteria. It is a reasonable and balanced state law. If this bill were enacted, Maryland's law would only apply to Maryland residents and effectively exempt residents of other states whose conceal-carry permit criteria differ from ours.'" (www.democraticwhip.gov)
No Inferred Answer Health Care: Do you support repealing the 2010 Affordable Care Act? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Steny Hoyer. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government."
  • Steny Hoyer. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • Steny Hoyer. Health Reform Strengthening Medicare, Helping Seniors in Maryland. 21 January 2011. "Before the Affordable Care Act was signed into law, roughly 63,200 Medicare beneficiaries in Maryland fell into the donut hole and received no extra help to defray the cost of their prescription drugs. Now, the health care law is working to help seniors who once were forced to choose whether to buy prescriptions or put food on the table. These checks are a down payment on reducing prescription drug costs for seniors and eventually closing the donut hole altogether, and are an important example of how the Affordable Care Act will strengthen Medicare and help seniors." (votesmart.org)
  • Steny Hoyer. Hoyer: New Information Shows Positive Impact of Health Reform in Maryland. 22 December 2010. "From new patient protections to new coverage options, health reform is already having a very positive impact on Maryland residents and businesses. For far too long, American families and businesses struggled with the skyrocketing costs of health care, and today's announcement is just another example of how health insurance reform is working to make health care more affordable and accessible here in Maryland and throughout the nation." (votesmart.org)
  • Steny Hoyer. HR 2. 112th Congress. Repealing the Health Care Bill. Steny Hoyer voted Nay on 01/19/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • American Public Health Association. 04/18/2012. "Steny Hoyer supported the interests of the American Public Health Association 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Immigration: Do you support requiring illegal immigrants to return to their country of origin before they are eligible for citizenship? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Steny Hoyer. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Allow legalization for certain illegal immigrants working in the U.S."
  • Steny Hoyer. HR 5281. 112th Congress. DREAM Act. Steny Hoyer voted Yea on 12/08/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Steny Hoyer. HR 4437. 109th Congress. Border Security Bill. Steny Hoyer voted Nay on 12/16/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Federation for American Immigration Reform. 04/18/2012. "Steny Hoyer supported the interests of the Federation for American Immigration Reform 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute. 04/18/2012. "Steny Hoyer supported the interests of National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Marriage: Do you support same-sex marriage? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • American Civil Liberties Union. 04/18/2012. "Steny Hoyer supported the interests of the American Civil Liberties Union 91 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • Steny Hoyer. H J Res 88. 110th Congress. Same-Sex Marriage Resolution. Steny Hoyer voted Nay on 07/18/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Human Rights Campaign. 04/18/2012. "Steny Hoyer supported the interests of the Human Rights Campaign 94 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Traditional Values Coalition. 04/18/2012. "Steny Hoyer supported the interests of the Traditional Values Coalition 14 percent in 2006" (votesmart.org)
  • American Family Association. 04/18/2012. "Steny Hoyer supported the interests of the American Family Association 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Steny Hoyer. HR 2965. 112th Congress. Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act. Steny Hoyer voted Yea on 12/15/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Family Research Council. 04/18/2012. "Steny Hoyer supported the interests of the Family Research Council 0 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • Steny Hoyer. HR 3685. 110th Congress. Sexual Orientation Employment Nondiscrimination Act (ENDA). Steny Hoyer voted Yea on 11/07/2007. (votesmart.org)
  • Steny Hoyer. Hoyer Statement on Marriage Equality. 10 May 2012. "Because I believe that equal treatment is a central tenet of our nation, I believe that extending the definition of marriage to committed relationships between two people, irrespective of their sex, is the right thing to do and will not, in any way, undermine the institution of marriage so important to our society nor impose a threat to any individual marriage. It will, however, extend the respect due to every one of our fellow citizens that we would want for ourselves and our children." (www.democraticwhip.gov)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer National Security: Do you support targeting suspected terrorists outside of official theaters of conflict? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Steny Hoyer. Berman Co-authors Bipartisan Letter Urging President Bush to Increase Funding for International Affairs Programs. 19 December 2005. "We are writing to express strong, bipartisan support for an increase in the FY 07 International Affairs budget - one that builds on the sensible funding increases you have requested in recent years. This vital investment in America's fight against global terrorism and efforts to build global stability promotes economic prosperity and expresses the compassion of the American people for those in need around the world[ [¦] As Secretary of State Rice said recently, 'This time of global transformation calls for transformational diplomacy. More than ever, in today's fast-evolving international environment, America's diplomats need to have the resources to act swiftly and effectively to avert dangers and seize opportunities that allow us to tip the global balance of power toward freedom.'" (votesmart.org)
  • Steny Hoyer. National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012. 26 May 2011. "I rise in support of this amendment as one who has supported this effort for all 10 years that we have been at it. In 2001, in response to the attacks of 9/11, the United States began a war in Afghanistan that targeted Osama bin Laden, al Qaeda, and the Taliban, which provided bin Laden with sanctuary and aid. I supported that effort. We have been pursuing this conflict for nearly a decade now. The death of Osama bin Laden was a landmark moment in our ongoing struggle to disrupt, dismantle, and defeat the terrorist networks that intend to do Americans harm, and that struggle has not ended with bin Laden's death. But his death is a moment for reflection on that struggle and how we can best equip ourselves to win it. Many of the terrorists against which we are fighting are no longer located in Afghanistan but are in disparate locations, from Yemen to Somalia to southeast Asia. And bin Laden was found in Pakistan. I support this amendment, because it focuses upon adjusting to a world of changing threats. It is essential that we fight the smartest war possible against terrorists--but it is fair to ask how a massive troop presence in Afghanistan continues to help us accomplish that goal. We must plan to transfer responsibility for security in Afghanistan to the Afghan people and government after 10 years' presence there, and it is important to make an assessment of how that best can be done. That's what the McGovern amendment does." (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Social Security: Do you support allowing individuals to divert a portion of their Social Security taxes into personal retirement accounts? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Steny Hoyer. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government."
  • Steny Hoyer. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves."
  • Alliance for Retired Americans. 04/18/2012. "Steny Hoyer supported the interests of the Alliance for Retired Americans 100 percent in 2008." (votesmart.org)
  • Steny Hoyer. Hoyer: Republicans Continue to Ignore the American People's Priorities. 7 June 2006. "The comments made yesterday by the Chairman of the Social Security Subcommittee illustrate the Republicans' insistence on pushing stale policies that are out of touch with the American people's priorities. Last year, Americans soundly rejected the Republican proposal to privatize Social Security, even after President Bush's nationwide sales pitch. Democrats agree Social Security faces a challenge but we stand strong against privatizing this successful program [¦] Democrats believe our priorities are the American people's priorities, and we will continue to fight for real solutions that address the concerns of working families." (votesmart.org)

Key

Candidate Answer

Official Position: Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.

Inferred Answer

Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Project Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.

Unknown Answer

Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue.

Project Vote Smart's Research: Click on this icon to reveal more information about this candidate's position.

Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as the candidate has submitted it. Project Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

Congressional Election 2002 National Political Awareness Test

This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.

The Political Courage Test asks candidates which items they will support if elected. It does not ask them to indicate which items they will oppose. Through extensive research of public polling data, we discovered that voters are more concerned with what candidates would support when elected to office, not what they oppose. If a candidate does not select a response to any part or all of any question, it does not necessarily indicate that the candidate is opposed to that particular item.
Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning abortion.
a) Abortions should always be illegal.
Xb) Abortions should always be legally available.
c) Abortions should be legal only within the first trimester of pregnancy.
Xd) Abortions should be legal when the pregnancy resulted from incest or rape.
Xe) Abortions should be legal when the life of the woman is endangered.
f) Eliminate public funding for abortions and public funding of organizations that advocate or perform abortions.
g) Other or expanded principles
Budgetary Priorities
Using the key below, indicate what levels of federal funding you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category.
Slightly Increase Fundinga) Agricultural
Slightly Increase Fundingb) Arts
Greatly Increase Fundingc) Defense
Greatly Increase Fundingd) Education
Slightly Increase Fundinge) Environmental
Slightly Increase Fundingf) International Aid
Slightly Increase Fundingg) Law Enforcement
Greatly Increase Fundingh) Medical Research
Slightly Increase Fundingi) National Aeronautical Space Administration (NASA)
Slightly Increase Fundingj) National Parks
Greatly Increase Fundingk) Public Health Services
Slightly Increase Fundingl) Scientific Research
Greatly Increase Fundingm) Terrorism Prevention
Slightly Increase Fundingn) Transportation and Highway Infrastructure
Slightly Increase Fundingo) Welfare
p) Other or expanded categories
Defense Spending
Using the key below, indicate what levels of federal funding you support for the following categories. Select one number per category.
Greatly Increase Fundinga) Armed Forces personnel training
Greatly Increase Fundingb) Covert intelligence operations
Greatly Increase Fundingc) Military hardware
Greatly Increase Fundingd) Pay for active duty personnel
Greatly Increase Fundinge) National Missile Defense Program
Greatly Increase Fundingf) Programs to improve military retention rates
Greatly Increase Fundingg) Research and development of new weapons
Greatly Increase Fundingh) Troop and equipment readiness
Greatly Increase Fundingi) Other or expanded categories

I believe the fiscal year 2003 Defense Approprations bill provides substantial increases in each of these areas, and I was proud to support it in the Appropriations Committe and on the House floor.

Taxes
Using the key below, indicate what levels you support concerning taxes, deductions, and tax credits in the following categories. Select one number per tax.
Income Taxes - Family Income
Eliminatea) Less than $25,000
Greatly Decreaseb) $25,000 - $75,000
Slightly Decreasec) $75,000 - $150,000
Maintain Statusd) Over $150,000
e) Other or expanded categories
Income Taxes - Retiree Income
Maintain Statusf) Over $40, 000
g) Other or expanded categories
Other Taxes
Greatly Decreasea) Alcohol taxes
Slightly Decreaseb) Capital gains taxes
Maintain Statusc) Cigarette taxes
Slightly Decreased) Corporate taxes
Maintain Statuse) Gasoline taxes
Greatly Decreasef) Inheritance taxes
g) Other or expanded categories
Deductions/Credits
Greatly Increasea) Charitable deductions
Greatly Increaseb) Medical expense deductions
Slightly Increasec) Mortgage deductions
Greatly Increased) Child tax credit
Greatly Increasee) Earned income tax credit
Greatly Increasef) Student loan tax credit
g) Other or expanded categories
Taxes
Yes2) Should a married couple filing jointly pay the same taxes as if they were an unmarried couple filing separately?
No3) Would you use Social Security surpluses to balance the budget?
4) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance and governmental reform issues.
Xa) Support public taxpayer funding for congressional candidates who comply with campaign spending limits.
Xb) Increase the amount individuals are permitted to contribute to federal campaigns.
c) Prohibit Political Action Committee (PAC) contributions to candidates for federal office.
Xd) Provide free or low-cost television advertising to candidates who agree to voluntary campaign spending limits.
Xe) Ban unregulated soft money campaign contributions to political parties or committees.
Xf) Prohibit non-U.S. citizens from making soft money contributions to national parties or party committees.
Xg) Require full disclosure of funding sources of issue advocacy commercials which appear within 60 days of an election.
h) Remove all contribution limits to federal candidates and parties.
i) Require congressional candidates to raise over half of their campaign money from their home state.
j) Require that unions give members the option of not having membership dues used for political purposes.
Yesk) Support the federal government mandate that creates national voting system standards.
Nol) Do you support amending the Constitution to limit the number of terms that members of Congress can serve?
Undecidedm) Do you support voting on-line?
n) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) to address crime.
a) Eliminate the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
Xb) Increase spending to build more federal prisons.
Xc) Impose "truth in sentencing" for violent criminals so they serve full sentences with no chance of parole.
Xd) Support programs to provide prison inmates with vocational and job-related skills and job-placement assistance when released.
Xe) Support programs to provide prison inmates with drug and alcohol addiction treatment.
Xf) Increase funding for community policing programs.
Xg) Implement penalties other than incarceration for certain non-violent offenders.
Xh) Require that crimes based on gender, sexual orientation, and disability be prosecuted as federal hate crimes.
Xi) Enforcement of civil rights should primarily be the responsibility of the federal government.
Xj) Minors accused of a violent crime should be prosecuted as adults.
Xk) Support programs that provide job training and placement services for at-risk youth.
l) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning illegal drugs.
Xa) Increase penalties for selling illegal drugs.
Xb) Support mandatory jail sentences for selling illegal drugs.
Xc) Expand federally sponsored drug education and drug treatment programs.
d) Decriminalize the use of marijuana for medicinal purposes.
Xe) Increase border security to stop the flow of illegal drugs into the U.S.
f) Eliminate federal funding for programs associated with the "war on drugs."
g) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning education.
Xa) Support national standards and testing of public school students.
b) Allow parents to use vouchers (equal opportunity scholarships) to send their children to any publicly-funded school.
c) Allow parents to use vouchers (equal opportunity scholarships) to send their children to any participating school: public, private or religious.
Xd) Support charter schools where teachers and professionals receive authorization and funding to establish new schools.
Xe) Increase funding for block grants to states to help them hire additional teachers.
Xf) Support teacher testing and reward teachers with merit pay.
Xg) Increase funding for computers and computer training in public schools.
Xh) Increase funding for school capital improvements (e.g. buildings and infrastructure).
i) Eliminate restrictions on federal education funding, giving educators or local school districts more flexibility to design and implement their programs.
Xj) Increase funding of programs such as Pell grants and Stafford loans to help students pay for college.
Xk) Support federal tax incentives to help families save for college.
l) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding employment and affirmative action.
Xa) Increase funding for national job-training programs that re-train displaced workers or teach skills needed in today's job market.
b) Reduce government regulation of the private sector in order to encourage investment and economic expansion.
Xc) Establish empowerment zones in areas with large numbers of unemployed people.
Xd) Provide tax credits for businesses that provide child care for their employees.
Xe) Encourage employers to offer flex-time scheduling, comp-time, and unpaid leave for family emergencies.
f) Eliminate any federal programs designed to reduce unemployment.
Xg) Increase the federal minimum wage.
Xh) Considering race and gender in government contracting decisions is appropriate for the federal government.
Xi) Include sexual orientation in federal anti-discrimination laws.
Xj) Continue federal affirmative action programs.
k) Discontinue federal affirmative action programs.
l) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding America's environment and natural resources.
Xa) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Water Act.
Xb) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Air Act.
c) Support opening a select portion of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge for oil exploration.
d) Support the U.S. re-entering the current Kyoto treaty process to limit global warming.
Xe) Require states to fully compensate citizens when environmental regulations limit uses of privately owned land.
Xf) Promote increased use of alternative fuel technology.
g) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline or diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles.
Xh) Provide tax credits for state and local bonds to preserve open spaces, build parks, improve water quality and redevelop brownfields.
i) Support the National Forest Protection and Restoration Act prohibiting commercial logging in our national forests.
j) Provide states and local communities with more flexibility to address their respective environmental problems.
k) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning gun issues.
Xa) Ban the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting.
Xb) Maintain and strengthen the enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns.
Xf) Require manufacturers to provide child-safety locks on guns.
Xg) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows.
Xh) Require a license for gun possession.
i) Raise the minimum age for ownership of handguns from 18 to 21.
j) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health issues.
a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government.
b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income.
Xc) Support a Patient's Bill of Rights to define and enforce the rights of insured patients, including greater access to specialists and emergency rooms, wider choice of health care providers, and appeal mechanisms when claims are denied.
Xd) Support a Patient's Bill of Rights which includes the right to sue when claims are denied.
e) Support a Patient's Bill of Rights which includes the right to appeal to an administrative board of specialists when services are denied.
Xf) Support legislation to provide prescription drug coverage under Medicare.
g) Increase research funding of the human genome to find cures for diseases such as cancer, AIDS/HIV, Alzheimer's, and heart disease.
Xh) Increase federal funding for training health workers to recognize and respond to the release of biological agents.
i) Prohibit the procedure of cloning human embryos.
j) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding immigration.
a) Decrease the number of legal immigrants allowed into the country.
b) Provide extra federal aid to states with higher numbers of immigrants for necessary medical and social services.
c) Prohibit states from passing laws that deny human services (medical care, education) to illegal immigrants or their children.
Xd) Increase the immigration quota for computer scientists and other information technology workers.
e) Establish English as the official U.S. language.
f) Collect fingerprint data from all U.S. visa applicants which would be accessible to all federal immigration-related agencies.
Xg) Allow legalization for certain illegal immigrants working in the U.S.
h) Other or expanded principles
International Aid
Indicate which principles (if any) you support regarding U. S. economic assistance.
Xa) Aid should be granted to countries when extraordinary circumstances cause disaster and threaten civilian lives.
Xb) Aid should be granted to countries when it is in the security interests of the U. S.
Xc) Aid should be granted to countries that are close allies of the U. S. and in need of financial/military assistance.
d) Aid should be eliminated for any nation with documented human rights abuses.
e) Aid programs should be scaled back and eventually eliminated except for extraordinary circumstances.
Xf) Other or expanded principles

A country's respect for human rights, and adherence to other international laws, should be one of the factors taken into account when decisions about providing foreign assistance are made by the United States.

International Policy
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the Middle East.
a) The U.S. should take military action against Iraq only as part of an international effort.
b) The U.S. should end the economic embargo against Iraq.
c) The U.S. should not continue to play a prominent leadership role in the peace process between Israel and the Palestine Authority.
Xd) The U.S. should support the formation of a Palestinian state.
e) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the United States-United Nations relationship.
Xa) The U.S. should participate in United Nations peacekeeping missions only when vital U.S. interests are involved.
b) The U.S. should not commit military troops to United Nations peacekeeping missions.
c) The U.S. should withdraw completely from the United Nations.
Xd) Other or expanded principles

I believe that vital U.S. interests include ending the slaughter of innocent men, women and children.

No3) Should the U.S. have full diplomatic relations with Cuba?
No4) Should the U.S. recognize and extend full diplomatic relations to Taiwan?
Yes5) Should the U.S. increase its financial support to Colombia for the "war on drugs?"
Yes6) Do you support the cooperative threat reduction programs with Russia to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons? ___ Yes ___ No ___ Undecided
No7) Do you support the recent withdrawal of the U.S. from the 1972 Anti-Ballistic Missile (ABM) treaty in order to deploy a national missile defense system?
Yes8) Should the U.S. hold nations accountable for terrorists who operate from their country?
9) Other or expanded principles
International Trade
No1) Do you support the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)?
Yes2) Do you support the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)?
Yes3) Do you support continued U.S. membership in the World Trade Organization (WTO)?
4) Do you support China becoming a member of the World Trade Organization?
Yes5) Should a nation's human rights record affect its normal trade relations (most favored nation) trading status with the United States? ___ Yes ___ No ___ Undecided
Yes6) Should the President have "fast-track" authority to negotiate trade agreements?
No7) Do you support the trade embargo against Cuba?
X8) Other or expanded principles

The benefits of trade with the United States should be used as an incentive to effect positive changes in the policies and behavior of our trading partners. Additionally, trade negotiating authority provided to the president must at the very least protect existing U.S. laws, and also encourage improved labor and environmental standards for our trading partners.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding national security.
Yes1. Do you support the President using military tribunals to try terrorist suspects when the President deems ordinary civil courts to be inappropriate or impractical?
Yes2. Should the U.S. adopt higher qualification rules for student visa applications from nations known to sponsor terrorism?
Yes3. Should law enforcement agencies be granted greater discretion to read mail and email, tap phones, and conduct random searches to prevent future terrorist attacks?
Yes4. Should federal law enforcement agencies share intelligence data with local law enforcement agencies?
Yes5. Should the federal government provide states with funding for homeland security?
X6. Other or expanded principles

While the need to take steps to enhance the security of our homeland is without questions, we must at the same time continue to ensure that the civil rights of all Americans are protected.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Social Security.
a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves.
b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government.
c) The federal government should invest a portion of Social Security's assets collectively in stocks and bonds instead of U.S. Treasury securities.
d) Increase the payroll tax to better finance Social Security in its current form.
e) Lower Social Security's annual cost-of-living increases.
Xf) Support a "lock box" measure, limiting Congress's ability to spend Social Security and Medicare surpluses on any other federal programs except Social Security and Medicare, until each program's long-term solvency is guaranteed.
g) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding technology.
Xa) Continue the moratorium on Internet sales taxes.
b) Implement regulation of Internet content by the federal government.
Xc) Regulation of the Internet should not be controlled by the federal government.
Xd) Support government mandates to curtail violent and sexual content on television.
e) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding poverty and the welfare system.
Xa) Support housing assistance for welfare recipients.
b) Provide homeless families with apartment vouchers they can use to defray the cost of an apartment.
Xc) Continue to give states and local governments responsibility for welfare programs through TANF block grants.
Xd) Maintain current welfare-to-work requirements in order for states to qualify for block grants.
Xe) Restore food stamp programs to legal immigrants.
f) Transfer homeless housing programs to states through block grants.
Xg) Provide continued Medicaid benefits for those welfare recipients who have moved from welfare to work.
h) Require states to return any unused welfare block grant funding to the federal government.
i) Direct federal poverty aid through religious, community-based, or other non-profit organizations.
Xj) Provide states with additional funding for Medicaid programs to alleviate increasing state budget deficits.
Xk) Other or expanded principles

I was proud to support welfare reform legislation in 1996, and believe it has succesfully moved many Americans into the workplace. However, we must also provide adequate financial resources to assist individuals making that transition.

In a total of seventy-five (75) words or less, please explain what your top two or three priorities will be if elected. Please explain how you would obtain any additional funding needed to implement these priorities.

I will work to defend America from terrorist attack and eliminate global sources of terror; fight to protect jobs, keep our state's economy strong, and protect the 5th District's defense installations; ensure quality education for all students; improve access to health care for all Americans; and work for fair pay and benefits for all federal employees. I will continue to use my seat on the Appropriations Committee to obtain funding for these goals.

Back to top