Senator Benjamin 'Ben' L. Cardin's Political Positions

Biographical

Full Name: Benjamin 'Ben' L. Cardin
Current Office: U.S. Senate - Jr, Democratic
First Elected: 11/07/2006
Last Elected: 11/06/2012
Next Election: 2018
Gender: Male
Family: Wife: Myrna; 1 Child: Deborah
Birth Date: 10/05/1943
Birth Place: Baltimore, MD
Home City: Baltimore, MD
Religion: Jewish
Project Vote Smart does not permit the use of its name or programs in any campaign activity, including advertising, debates, and speeches.
Ben Cardin refused to tell citizens where he stands on any of the issues addressed in the 2012 Political Courage Test, despite repeated requests from Vote Smart, national media, and prominent political leaders.

What is the Political Courage Test?

This candidate has demonstrated 0% courage during the test.

*Note: This percentage is calculated based on the number of issue areas addressed by the candidate on the Political Courage Test at the conclusion of the testing period. It does not indicate support or lack of support by Project Vote Smart.

Issue Positions

In response to the increasing unwillingness of candidates to answer issue questions, Project Vote Smart has researched Presidential and Congressional candidates' public records to determine candidates' likely responses on certain key issues. These are provided below as a courtesy to voters.

Vote Smart's Research

  • Ben Cardin. H Amdt 187. 105th Congress. Overseas Military Facilities Abortion Amendment. Ben Cardin voted Yea on 06/19/1997. (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. HR 3682. 106th Congress. Child Custody Protection Act. Ben Cardin voted Nay on 07/15/1998. (votesmart.org)
  • National Organization for Women. 04/18/2012. "On the votes used to calculate its ratings, the National Organization for Women attaches more value to those votes it considers more important. For 2008, the National Organization for Women gave Ben Cardin a rating of 100 percent." (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. HR 748. 109th Congress. Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act. Ben Cardin voted Nay on 04/27/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. HR 670. 103th Congress. Abortion Counseling Bill. Ben Cardin voted Yea on 03/25/1993. (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "h) Prohibit public funding of abortions and public funding of organizations that advocate or perform abortions."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be legally available."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Prohibit public funding of abortions and of organizations that advocate or perform abortions."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Abortions should always be legally available."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Eliminate public funding for abortions and public funding of organizations that advocate or perform abortions."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "h) Prohibit the dilation and extraction procedure, also known as "partial birth" abortion."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "Congress should eliminate federal funding for clinics and medical facilities that provide abortion services."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be legally available."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Abortions should always be legal."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Abortions should always be legally available."
  • Ben Cardin. Cardin and Steele face the nation - Senate hopefuls differ widely on Iraq, abortion, stem cells. 30 October 2006. "I am in favor of what is commonly known as pro-choice, to give a woman a right of choice and for government not interfering." (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. H Amdt 436. 104th Congress. Overseas Military Abortion Amendment. Ben Cardin voted Yea on 06/15/1995. (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. HR 3660. 106th Congress. Ban on Partial-Birth/Late Term Abortion. Ben Cardin voted Nay on 04/05/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • NARAL Pro-Choice America. 04/18/2012. "Ben Cardin supported the interests of the NARAL Pro-Choice America 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • National Right to Life Committee. 04/18/2012. "Ben Cardin supported the interests of the National Right to Life Committee 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Family Research Council. 04/18/2012. "Ben Cardin supported the interests of the Family Research Council 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. HR 6099. 110th Congress. Abortion Pain Bill. Ben Cardin voted Nay on 12/06/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. H Amdt 643. 106th Congress. Abortion Private Funding Restoration Amendment. Ben Cardin voted Yea on 05/20/1998. (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. H AMDT 209. 109th Congress. Overseas Military Facilities Abortion Amendment. Ben Cardin voted Yea on 05/25/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. H Amdt 185. 103th Congress. Hyde Amendment. Ben Cardin voted Nay on 06/30/1993. (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. H Amdt 156. 106th Congress. Overseas Military Abortion Amendment. Ben Cardin voted Yea on 06/09/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. H Amdt 722. 106th Congress. Oversea Military Abortions Amendment. Ben Cardin voted Yea on 05/18/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. S 403. 110th Congress. Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act. Ben Cardin voted Nay on 09/26/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Planned Parenthood. 04/18/2012. "Ben Cardin supported the interests of Planned Parenthood 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. H Amdt 1017. 106th Congress. Abortion Funding Amendment. Ben Cardin voted Yea on 07/20/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. H Amdt 882. 106th Congress. Prison Abortion Funding Amendment. Ben Cardin voted Yea on 06/22/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. S Amdt 3896. 110th Congress. Prohibiting the Funds in S 1200 from Being Used for Abortions. Ben Cardin voted Nay on 02/26/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Planned Parenthood. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Planned Parenthood endorsed Ben Cardin in the 2012 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Abortions should be illegal when the fetus is viable, with or without life support."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "i) Prohibit public funding of abortions and public funding of organizations that advocate or perform abortions."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "Congress should eliminate abortion services from any federally funded health care plan."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Prohibit the late-term abortion procedure known as "partial-birth" abortion."

Vote Smart's Research

  • Peace Action. 04/18/2012. "Ben Cardin supported the interests of the Peace Action 79 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. Letter to President Barack Obama. 15 June 2011. "We write to express our strong support for a shift in strategy and the beginning of a sizable and sustained reduction of U.S. military forces in Afghanistan, beginning in July 2011 [...] Instead of continuing to be embroiled in ancient local and regional conflicts in Afghanistan, we must accelerate the transfer of responsibility for Afghanistan's development to the Afghan people and their government. We should maintain our capacity to eliminate any new terrorist threats, continue to train the Afghan National Security Forces, and maintain our diplomatic and humanitarian efforts. However, these objectives do not require the presence of over 100,000 American troops engaged in intensive combat operations. Mr. President, according to our own intelligence officials, al Qaeda no longer has a large presence in Afghanistan, and, as the strike against bin Laden demonstrated, we have the capacity to confront our terrorist enemies with a dramatically smaller footprint. The costs of prolonging the war far outweigh the benefits. It is time for the United States to shift course in Afghanistan. We urge you to follow through on the pledge you made to the American people to begin the redeployment of U.S. forces from Afghanistan this summer, and to do so in a manner that is sizable and sustained, and includes combat troops as well as logistical and support forces." (cardin.senate.gov)
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "e) Should the United States increase military support to Afghanistan?"
  • Ben Cardin. S Amdt 4204. 112th Congress. Requiring Afghanistan Troop Redeployment Plan and Timetable. Ben Cardin voted Nay on 05/27/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. Letter to President Barack Obama. 7 March 2012. "We write to express our support of a transition of U.S. forces in Afghanistan from a combat role to a training, advising and assistance role next year, as Defense Secretary Leon Panetta stated was his intention on February 1st, 2012. Although we would prefer a more rapid reduction of U.S. troops in Afghanistan, the statement made by the Secretary is a positive step towards ending the decade long war [...] It is time to bring our troops home from Afghanistan. The United States intervened in Afghanistan to destroy al Qaeda's safe haven, remove the Taliban government that sheltered al Qaeda, and pursue those who planned the September 11th attacks on the United States. Thanks to the exceptional service and sacrifice made by the American Armed Forces and our allies, those objectives have largely been met. We should continue to confront America's enemies wherever they are through targeted counterterrorism operations and end the large scale counterinsurgency effort in Afghanistan." (www.cardin.senate.gov)
  • Peace Action West. 04/18/2012. "Ben Cardin supported the interests of Peace Action West 79 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Ben Cardin. The Budget. 8 March 2011. "We need a credible plan to balance the Federal budget -- a credible plan that will bring in more deficit reduction than H.R. 1, the Republican budget, because you need to allow America to grow, yet move toward a balanced budget. The only way is to include all sectors, not just discretionary domestic spending. You need to include military spending, you need to deal with entitlements, and you need to deal with revenues....We have already put on the table dramatic reductions in the growth rate of discretionary domestic spending, but we need to include defense. Iraq and Afghanistan need to come to an end; those savings will be dramatic. America cannot continue to have a growth economy where we spend so much more than any other nation on our national defense. We have to protect the people in this Nation, but we cannot take on the burdens of the world. There have to be adequate burdens among our allies, which will bring savings to the U.S. taxpayer." (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. Huffington Post: Sen. Ben Cardin to Obama: Freeze Military Spending. 26 January 2010. "Defense represents a significant part of our discretionary spending in this country. The defense establishment needs to be under fiscal discipline, as do all of our agencies. I don't think defense should be exempt. If there are extraordinary things that occur that require us to respond for national security, we always will be prepared to do that. But to exempt the normal military spending just because it's military, to me, is wrong. [...] We'll do what's necessary to make sure our soldiers have what they need and our country has the defense it needs. But if we are able to achieve savings in defense, as we can in discretionary spending, then we need to do it." (www.huffingtonpost.com)
  • Ben Cardin. HR 5631. 110th Congress. Department Defense Appropriations Act, FY 2007. Ben Cardin voted Yea on 09/26/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. Deficit Reduction Must Leave No Stone Unturned. 21 March 2011. "Recently, I gave a speech on the U.S. Senate floor outlining what I believe it will take to get control of our deficit while also ensuring our economic recovery and future prosperity [...] The bipartisan commission recognizes that we cannot balance the budget by cutting domestic spending alone. Instead, we need a comprehensive solution that looks at all spending " including entitlements and defense " along with revenues. President Barack Obama has begun to deal with the spending side by calling for a five-year freeze on domestic discretionary spending, and he has identified billions of dollars in cuts to defense spending over five years. I support achieving these savings. (cardin.senate.gov)
  • Ben Cardin. HR 2206. 110th Congress. Emergency Departmental Supplemental Appropriations Bill of 2007. Ben Cardin voted Yea on 05/24/2007. (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. HR 4939. 110th Congress. Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2006. Ben Cardin voted Yea on 06/13/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. HR 5010. 108th Congress. Department of Defense Appropriations, Fiscal Year 2003. Ben Cardin voted Yea on 10/10/2002. (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. HR 5631. 110th Congress. Defense Department FY2007 Appropriations Bill. Ben Cardin voted Yea on 06/20/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. S Amdt 4818. 110th Congress. Funding for Operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. Ben Cardin voted Nay on 05/22/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. HR 2561. 106th Congress. Defense Department Appropriations bill, FY2000. Ben Cardin voted Yea on 07/22/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. HR 4986. 110th Congress. Defense Authorizations Bill. Ben Cardin voted Yea on 01/22/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. HR 4200. 108th Congress. Defense Department FY2005 Authorization Bill. Ben Cardin voted Yea on 05/20/2004. (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. Budget Negotiations. 7 April 2011. "There we will be considering more than just the discretionary domestic spending cuts, we also can take a look at the other programs, including military and mandatory spending and revenues, and get a credible plan to deal with the deficit. We have enough votes among the Democrats and Republicans to pass this compromise." (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. Issue Position: Economy and Jobs. 1 January 2012. Responded "I have spoken on the Senate floor to outline what I believe it will take to get control of our deficit while also ensuring our economic recovery and future prosperity. We did this before in the 1990's under President Clinton and we can do it again, but we must face facts: a credible budget plan involves cuts to military and domestic spending, control of entitlement spending and reform of our tax code." to the question: "How do we balance the budget without endangering the economic recovery?" (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Maintain Status" for: "1. Please indicate the changes you will support (if any) concerning the level of funding for each of the listed issue areas. National Defense"
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Low Priority" for: "Indicate your priorities for spending any anticipated federal budget surplus. a) Defense"
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Maintain Status" for: "Using the key, indicate what federal funding levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category. c) Defense"
  • Ben Cardin. Letter to the National Commission on Fiscal Responsibility and Reform. 13 October 2010. "Given the size of our deficit and debt problems as well as the political challenges and policy controversies involved in implementing any solutions to them, it is clear to us that cutting the military budget must be a part of any visible proposal. The Department of Defense currently takes up almost 56% of all discretionary federal spending, and accounts for nearly 65% of the increase in annual discretionary spending levels since 2001. Much of this increase, of course, is attributable to direct war costs, but nearly 37% of discretionary spending growth falls under the 'base' or 'peacetime' military budget. Applying the adage that is necessary to 'go where the money is' requires that rigorous scrutiny be applied to military spending. We believe that such an analysis will show that substantial spending cuts can be made without threatening our national security, without cutting essential funds for fighting terrorism, and without shirking our obligations as a nation to our brave troops currently in the field, our veterans, and our military retirees." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • National Taxpayers Union. 04/18/2012. "Ben Cardin supported reasonable tax and spending policies as defined by the National Taxpayers Union 5 percent of the time in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "6) Do you support requiring a super-majority vote in both houses of Congress to raise taxes?" Other Tax Issues: Other or expanded principles: "Institute a VAT tax to replace income tax"
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "3) Do you support eliminating the Internal Revenue Service?"
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Slightly Increase" for: "1) Indicate the changes you support (if any) concerning the tax levels for the following categories. Select one number only. e) Family income over $150,000"
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "6) Do you support requiring a super-majority vote in both houses of Congress to raise taxes?"
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Slightly Increase" for: "Using the key below, indicate what levels you support concerning taxes, deductions, and tax credits in the following categories. Select one number per tax. d) Over $150,000"
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "3) Do you support eliminating the Internal Revenue Service?" Other Tax Issues: Other or expanded principles: "Institute a VAT tax to replace income tax"
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Slightly Increase" for: "Using the key above, indicate what federal tax levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category. d) Over $150,000"
  • Ben Cardin. Senator Cardin: President Bush's Budget Short-Changes Marylanders. 21 February 2008. "The President's budget embraces a very different set of priorities from the majority of Americans. It short-changes Maryland and short-changes America. His budget does little to help middle-class Americans or restore confidence in the long-term health of the American economy. He wants to make tax cuts for the wealthiest Americans permanent, while cutting services for those who need the most help. His budget would burden our children with mountains of debt while hiding the cost of his endless commitment to the war in Iraq." (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. Statement By Senator Benjamin L. Cardin On President Bush's FY08 Budget. 6 February 2007. "When President Bush puts forward his budget each year, it is a reflection of his priorities. I believe the President's priorities are wrong. It's disappointing that President Bush has chosen yet again to give billions in tax cuts to the wealthiest Americans at the expense of families trying to make ends meet." (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. Cardin Votes to Protect Middle Class Families from Tax Increases During Tough Economic Times. 16 December 2010. "During these difficult economic times, as our nation is still recovering from the worst recession in generations, it is extremely important that we extend tax relief to middle-income families. At this critical time, I will do all that I can to ensure that the heart of America -- our Middle Class -- does not see a tax increase." (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. Employee Free Choice Act of 2007-Motion to Proceed. 25 June 2007. "Real median household income in my own State of Maryland has declined by 2.1 percent from 2000 to 2005. We find a widening of the income gap in America, a widening of the wealth gap in America. We should be moving to narrow that gap, not to see it continue to increase." (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. The Debt. 13 April 2009. "Now, why do I say that? Well, the Ryan budget concentrates on domestic spending. It doesn't touch military spending, and it doesn't touch our revenues. Let me correct that. It does deal with our revenues, but it deals with it in the wrong way. It not only extends every tax break that is currently available, providing tax relief for millionaires, but it provides additional tax relief. It lowers the highest rates. Now, how is that going to be paid for?" (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Tax Reform. 04/18/2012. "Ben Cardin supported the interests of the Americans for Tax Reform 0 percent in 2007." (votesmart.org)
  • Citizens for Tax Justice. 04/18/2012. "Ben Cardin supported the interests of the Citizens for Tax Justice 100 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. HR 1836. 107th Congress. Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act, 2001. Ben Cardin voted Nay on 05/16/2001. (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. The Budget. 8 March 2011. "I want to make it clear that I am totally committed that in tax reform we should make our Tax Code more progressive. I don't believe it is progressive enough. Progressive means that it is based, at least in part, on the ability to pay. Wealthier people will pay a higher percentage of the tax than lower income people. Today, under our income tax system, many people do not have to pay income tax now." (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. S. Con. Res. 41, H. Con. Res. 112, S. Con. Res. 37, S. Con. Res. 42, S. Con. Res. 44 En Bloc--Motions to Proceed. 16 May 2012. "When Bill Clinton was President of the United States and I was serving in the House of Representatives, we passed a plan that balanced our Federal budget and actually created a surplus. How did we do it? We did it through a balanced approach. We did it through cutting spending and raising the revenues so we paid our bills. What were the results? Our economy took off, creating millions of jobs. That is what we need to do again. How do we get this done? Let's get working together. Let's have Democrats and Republicans work together in order to come up with a balanced approach that has spending cuts and those who can afford to pay more should be paying more because it is not fair to future generations for us to spend money today and ask our children and grandchildren to pay for it tomorrow." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Ben Cardin. E-Newsletter. 19 February 2009. "Congress took bold action in passing the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA), and it was needed in order to restore confidence in our economic system. In recent decades, economic downturns have come and gone, but this one is vastly different: it is the most serious downturn since the Depression and it requires decisive, resolute action [...] The economic recovery bill that has been enacted strikes the right balance between stimulus and tax cuts." (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. Cardin Says Help Cannot Wait for Americans Hit Hardest by the Economic Crisis. 26 September 2008. "We all agree that our economy is in serious trouble, but Republicans in the Senate continue to put partisanship before tried and true relief for millions of Americans who are hurting financially and in need of immediate help. As we work through what the right tools are to pull our economy out of our current financial crisis, I believe it is outrageous to leave our most vulnerable citizens sitting on the sidelines waiting for Congress to act. The economic stimulus bill blocked from further consideration today would have brought targeted help to low-income and unemployed Americans who were hit first by the downturn in our economy. [¦] Congress has a responsibility to stabilize our national economy, but we also must protect and support our citizens who feel the hurt every day. We must fulfill our obligation to the American public and pass an economic stimulus soon." (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Prosperity. 04/18/2012. "Ben Cardin supported the interests of the Americans for Prosperity 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • The Club for Growth. 04/18/2012. "On the votes used to calculate its ratings, The Club for Growth attaches more value to those votes it considers more important. For 2010, The Club for Growth gave Ben Cardin a rating of 0 percent." (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. HR 1424. 110th Congress. Financial Asset Purchase Authority and Tax Law Amendments. Ben Cardin voted Yea on 10/01/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. S Amdt 3301. 112th Congress. Ending the Troubled Asset Relief Program. Ben Cardin voted Nay on 01/21/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2006. 26 June 2008. "This bill includes provisions that respond to these growing needs. It extends unemployment benefits by 13 weeks for all the Nation's workers. Extending unemployment insurance this way helps families. That is critically important. But it will also help our economy. Economists estimate that every dollar spent on benefits leads to $1.64 in economic growth. With this extension, we will provide critical stimulus to our slowing economy." (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. Stimulus Package. 13 February 2009. "We need to take action. The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act will create jobs. In my State, it is estimated to be 66,000 [...] I have confidence that we will pull out of this recession. America will continue its economic strength. But let us give the tools to President Obama that he needs so we can answer that person who talked to me this morning, the small business owner who has to use personal credit cards in order to get a loan to keep the business open, because he can't get a loan from the bank even though he is creditworthy. We need to provide the type of economic stimulus to our economy to create the type of jobs now to fill the void to make sure America can compete in the future." (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. Issue Position: Budget and the Economy. 23 June 2011. "As a member of the Senate Budget Committee, I support budget priorities that will stimulate our economy, restore confidence to our financial markets, and focus attention on issues that Americans care about such as improving our schools, expanding affordable access to health care, cleaning up our environment and helping us achieve energy independence [...] I also have co-sponsored the stimulus package to provide rebate checks to middle-class and low-income Americans, 20 million seniors and 250,000 disabled veterans." (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. Issue Position: Budget and The Economy. 23 June 2011. "As a member of the Senate Budget Committee, I am committed to taking timely, targeted, and temporary steps to lessen the effect of this recession. Congress recently passed the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA), a $789 billion package that is needed to restore confidence in our economic system." (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. Extension of Unemployment Benefits. 2 December 2010. "When people receive unemployment benefits, they spend it immediately. That helps retail establishments, grocery stores, including many small businesses, and the overall economy. It is the definition of stimulus spending, and it is immediate." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Provide tax credits for companies that move job-creating industries into areas with high unemployment."
  • Ben Cardin. Cardin Asks Colleagues to Set Aside Partisanship to Help Small Businesses and the American Economy. 12 July 2012. "The Small Business Jobs Tax Act would create incentives for more hiring by allowing employers to take a 10 percent tax credit when they increase their payrolls. It encourages increased spending by businesses by allowing them to expense capital expenditures made in 2012. When companies start buying equipment, it creates jobs throughout the economy." (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. HR 2488. 106th Congress. Financial Freedom Act of 1999. Ben Cardin voted Nay on 08/05/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. HR 2. 108th Congress. Jobs and Economic Growth bill. Ben Cardin voted Nay on 05/23/2003. (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. S 3816. 112th Congress. Tax Law Amendments. Ben Cardin voted Yea on 09/28/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. Stimulus Package. 13 February 2009. "I am pleased to see the amendment I offered for small business, for surety bonds to make it easier for small businesses to get surety bonds, increasing the limit from 2 million to 5 million for construction companies to get help from SBA to get the surety bonds so they can get part of this procurement. This underlying bill provides for significant opportunities to create jobs now in which small businesses will participate and be the driving engine for creation of new jobs in our country. That is how it should be. We need to take action in order to expand job opportunity now and make the type of investments so America can compete in the future." (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Provide tax credits for companies that move job-creating industries into areas with high unemployment."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "Create "enterprise zones" in urban areas with high unemployment by providing tax credits for new and expanding businesses."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Provide tax credits for companies that move job-creating industries into areas with high unemployment."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "Create "empowerment zones" in urban areas with high unemployment by providing government grants and federal assistance, in addition to tax credits, to new and expanding businesses."

Vote Smart's Research

  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Slightly Increase" for: "1) Indicate what changes you support (if any) concerning levels of federal funding for the following categories. Select one number only. c) Education (K-12)"
  • Ben Cardin. Cardin, Mikulski Congratulate Maryland On Winning "Race To The Top" Grant. 16 December 2011. "'A quality early education makes such an overwhelming difference in a child's future, as well as our ability to compete in our global economy. I am proud that Maryland continues to be recognized as a nationwide leader in education, well earned through an ongoing commitment to helping all students learn and strong partnerships among administrators, teachers, students and parents,' said Senator Cardin. 'The selection of Maryland to receive Race to the Top-Early Learning Challenge funding is a vote of confidence in our State's education system and our dedicated focus on raising standards across early learning centers and closing the readiness gap. Congratulations to Governor O'Malley, all those who helped make this highly competitive grant possible for our state, and all those who help our students learn every single day." (www.cardin.senate.gov)
  • Ben Cardin. HR 1804. 104th Congress. Goals 2000: Educate America Act. Ben Cardin voted Yea on 03/23/1994. (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. HR 2300. 106th Congress. Academic Achievement for All Act. Ben Cardin voted Nay on 10/21/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. Senator Cardin Praises Selection Of Maryland Schools For $250 Million Race To The Top Funding. 24 August 2010. "The selection of Maryland to receive Race to the Top federal education funding is a vote of confidence in our State's education system, a system that focuses on high standards, turning around underperforming schools, high teacher quality and strong student achievement. Maryland schools are top ranked because we have a strong partnership among administrators, teachers, students and parents. Maryland also is committed to making sure our students have the education and skills to pursue high-level jobs that will be needed in the 21 st Century. I particularly want to commend Governor O'Malley's forceful leadership for ensuring our State has one of the top performing schools systems in the nation. Maryland has undertaken the necessary reforms and changes to ensure the success of our students and to make sure we have top-quality teachers. The selection of Maryland for Race to the Top funding is a clear indication that our school system and our students are among our nation's top performers." (www.cardin.senate.gov)
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "2) Do you support the use of block grants given to states, rather than federal spending, in the following areas? b) Education" 2) Do you support the use of block grants given to states, rather than federal spending, in the following areas? Other or expanded principles: "Transportation "
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "j) Providing education is not a responsibility of the federal government."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Slightly Increase" for: "1) Indicate what changes you support (if any) concerning levels of federal funding for the following categories. Select one number only. c) Education (K-12)" 1) Indicate what changes you support (if any) concerning levels of federal funding for the following categories. Select one number only. Other or expanded principles: "Defense "
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Slightly Increase" for: "1) Indicate what changes you support (if any) concerning levels of federal funding for the following categories. Select one number only. c) Education (K-12)" 1) Indicate what changes you support (if any) concerning levels of federal funding for the following categories. Select one number only. Other or expanded principles: "Agriculture "
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Support national standards and testing of public school students."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Promote education flexibility by giving federal funds, in the form of block grants, to the states to spend it as they see fit."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Local" for: "Indicate which level of government should have primary responsibility for the following services. Select one level only. 3) Education"
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "l) Eliminate restrictions on federal education funding, giving educators or local school districts more flexibility to design and implement their programs." Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning education (K-12). Other or expanded principles: "Provide additional Federal money to reduce class size and help pay for school construction and modernization."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Give all federal education funding to states in the form of block grants and allow them to spend it as they see fit."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Support national standards and testing in reading and math."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "Establish a nationwide competency test for teachers and encourage states to adopt it."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Eliminate the Department of Education, thereby giving state and local government greater control over educational issues."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "i) Eliminate restrictions on federal education funding, giving educators or local school districts more flexibility to design and implement their programs."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Increase" for: "Using the key, indicate what federal funding levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category. d) Education"
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Support national standards for and testing of public school students."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Slightly Increase" for: "1) Indicate what levels of federal funding you support for the following categories. Select one number (level) only. c) Education (K-12)"
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "Eliminate the U.S. Department of Education."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "Establish "National Standards" for K-12 schools and encourage states to adopt them."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Support national standards and testing of public school students."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Local" for: "Indicate which level of government that should have primary responsibility for the following services. Select one level only. c) Education"

Vote Smart's Research

  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Support opening a select portion of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge for oil exploration."
  • Ben Cardin. S 953. 112th Congress. Offshore Production and Safety Act. Ben Cardin voted Nay on 05/18/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Environment America. 04/18/2012. "Ben Cardin supported the interests of Environment America 100 percent in 2009." (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "h) Support opening a select portion of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge for oil exploration."
  • Ben Cardin. Commemorating Earth Day 2006. 25 April 2006. "Despite Earth Day's popularity and the many programs that were created to improve the planet's health, our world is still wrought with environmental problems. We still face many pressing issues, such as protecting coastal waters from offshore drilling, preserving the Alaskan Tongass Rainforest, the Redrock lands in Utah, and resources in the Rockies." (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. Cardin statement on lifting of deepwater drilling moratorium. 12 October 2010. "It has been brought home to us that offshore drilling is fraught with risk of harm to people and places, wildlife and ways of life. I hope these new policies will allow our government to make more informed decisions about when the benefits of offshore drilling outweigh the potential risks to human health, the economy and the environment." (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. Cardin Calls BP Oil Spill Commission Recommendations Critical to Rebalancing U.S. Approach to Offshore Drilling. 1 January 2011. "I remain dedicated to securing a permanent ban on expanding offshore drilling in those places where the risks far outweigh the benefits, such as the Mid-Atlantic. We can develop an energy policy that protects the environment, bolsters the economy, enhances our security, and re-establishes our global leadership on combating climate." (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. Atlantic Coast Senators Join to Praise Cancellation of Oil & Gas Drilling Off Virginia, Continue Call for a Permanent Moratorium. 27 May 2010. "Today's announcement is a good start but we now need to finish the job and take Lease Sale 220 and the entire Atlantic Coast permanently off the table. The Mid-Atlantic is just too environmentally sensitive for drilling. And at a time of war it makes no sense to allow encroachment into vital areas used for our national defense." (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. Letter to President Barack Obama. 20 May 2010. "We are writing to urge you to abandon plans for any offshore oil and gas development within proposed Virginia Lease Sale 220 because, not only would it pose enormous environmental and economic risks to our states, but it would also jeopardize our military readiness in a time of war." (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Support increased development of traditional energy resources (e.g. coal, natural gas, oil)."
  • Ben Cardin. In Response to President Obama's Speech, Cardin Says Drilling For Oil and Gas Off the Mid-Atlantic Will Not Help America's Energy Security. 31 March 2011. "However, I strongly disagree with the President about opening up new oil and gas development off the Mid-Atlantic Coast. The oil companies hit their highest levels of production since 2003. Today, they have over 60 million domestic acres of additional leased areas that could be drilled, but they sit idle. We need to explore and drill currently held lands before risking permanent damage to some of our nation's most sensitive environmental areas, including the Chesapeake Bay." (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. Gulf Visit. 16 June 2010. "We need to become energy independent, and we can do that. But we cannot do it through drilling. We can do it through a comprehensive energy policy so we can protect our national security and create jobs in America rather than exporting those jobs overseas and, yes, so that we can protect our environment from the type of disaster that has occurred in the Gulf of Mexico." (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. Cardin, Mikulski Praise 7-year Ban on Drilling off Atlantic Coast, Urge Permanent Fix. 1 December 2010. "Drilling off the Virginia coast would have brought with it tremendous risks for our coastal economy and the future of the Chesapeake Bay, a national environmental treasure. I urge President Obama to make permanent today's announcement and help turn our nation's efforts to developing clean energy solutions that will create American jobs, fuel American business, strengthen our national security by ending our dependence on foreign energy, and protecting our precious natural resources." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Eliminate government regulations of the private sector in order to encourage investment and economic expansion."
  • Ben Cardin. Letter To The Honorable Ray LaHood, Secretary of the Department of Transportation, and The Honorable Lisa Jackson, Administrator of the Environamental Protection Agency. 4 April 2011. "The heavy-duty sector addressed in this DOT-EPA proposal accounted for nearly six percent of all U.S. greenhouse gas emissions in 2007. Heavy-duty trucks are the fastest-growing contributor to greenhouse gas emissions within the transportation sector, making it critically important that fuel economy standards for these vehicles be established and increased at the maximum feasible rate." (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "i) Promote the selling of pollution credits between nations to encourage industries to decrease pollution levels."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Strengthen emission controls and fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "Consider further increasing federal taxes on gasoline and diesel fuels."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "i) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline or diesel powered engines, including cars and trucks."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "h) Promote the selling of pollution credits between nations to encourage industries to decrease pollution levels."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "Phase in a prohibition of pollution causing products such as gas powered autos and lawn mowers."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "k) Adhere to the United Nations treaty regarding global climate change."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "j) Reduce current federal regulations on the environment."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Reduce government regulation of the private sector in order to encourage investment and economic expansion."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "l) Promote the selling of pollution credits to encourage industries to decrease amount of pollution."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline or diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "Pass stronger clean water and clean air legislation."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "j) Impose stricter national air quality standards."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "Encourage further market based strategies to clean up the environment such as pollution credits."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline or diesel powered engines, including cars and trucks."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline or diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "d) Support the U.S. re-entering the current Kyoto treaty process to limit global warming."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Air Act."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "Tax high-level energy users (businesses and individuals) to discourage excessive energy use and pay for environmental cleanup."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "k) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "l) Support the U.S. re-entering the Kyoto treaty process to limit global warming."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "Eliminate government regulations to encourage investment and economic expansion of the private sector."
  • Ben Cardin. Climate Change. 9 December 2009. "The agreement reached in Copenhagen should include the following points: specific near-term greenhouse gas emission reduction targets -- a critical part -- the support the developed countries will provide to the developing world to adapt to a changing industrial economy and a changing climate -- we have a responsibility to help the developing world -- the core elements that will make up the final treaty; and a timeline for reaching that agreement within the next year. We cannot put this off. It is critical we act timely." (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. Issue Position: Environment and Energy. 23 June 2011. "Clean water, clean air and protecting our natural treasures are among my top priorities in the Senate. This includes moving the United States toward energy independence within a decade, reducing global warming, and helping restore and protect Maryland's greatest natural resource: the Chesapeake Bay [...] I also have co-sponsored the Lieberman-Warner Climate Security Act, which would reduce global warming by requiring a 70% reduction in greenhouse gases by 2050; Co-sponsored Reducing Global Warming Pollution from Vehicles Act, allowing Maryland and 14 other states to adopt California standards to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from cars and trucks." (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. Ben's Briefing - Week of October 12th. 12 October 2009. "I urged international negotiators to include an enforcement mechanism in any agreement that emerges from Copenhagen that would help emphasize that every country has a responsibility take what actions are necessary to reduce dangerous greenhouse gases." (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. Cardin Welcomes Obama Adminisration's Action To Increase National Standards For Vehicle Fuel Efficiency And Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions. 15 September 2009. "Marylanders and all Americans have a right to clean air. Cars that will meet the new greenhouse gas standards will help clear our air of pollutants that contribute to smog. For years, when the federal government refused to act, Maryland and other states fought for increased fuel standards in an effort to help our environment by reducing dangerous vehicle emissions. Finally, we have an administration that not only understands the need to address greenhouse gas pollutants but is willing to take bold action to make our air cleaner and fueling our cars and trucks less expensive" (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. Cardin and EPW Colleagues Applaud Senate's Vote to Protect Public Health and Job Creation Under Clean Air Act. 7 April 2011. "These attacks on the Clean Air Act would have been bad for jobs, bad for our emerging clean energy companies, and bad for America's health. I will stand firm with my colleagues now and in the future to oppose such misguided measures and to support leading public health groups; clean energy companies; environment and conservation organizations; as well as healthy kids and families." (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. Earth Day. 22 April 2010. "But today, on Earth Day, I want to talk about the environment. A sound energy policy means we can become a world leader and bring this world into some sense on what is happening on global climate change, on the indiscriminate release of greenhouse gas emissions by the burning of fossil fuels and nitrogen and carbon into the air. We know we can do better on that." (votesmart.org)
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed Ben Cardin in the 2002 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed Ben Cardin in the 2004 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Environment America. 04/18/2012. "Ben Cardin supported the interests of Environment America 100 percent in 2009." (votesmart.org)
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed Ben Cardin in the 2012 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. S J Res 26. 112th Congress. Statement of Opposition to EPA Greenhouse Gas Rule. Ben Cardin voted Nay on 06/10/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • League of Conservation Voters. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. League of Conservation Voters endorsed Ben Cardin in the 2006 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • League of Conservation Voters. 04/18/2012. "Ben Cardin supported the interests of the League of Conservation Voters 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Increase restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Ease procedures on the purchase and registration of firearms."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Maintain and strengthen the current level of enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "j) Require background checks of gun buyers at gun shows."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "Impose a national ban on the sale of handguns to minors."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "d) Implement tighter restrictions on firearm sales in an effort to hinder terrorist groups from stockpiling weapon arsenals."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "c) Maintain all federal registration procedures and restrictions on possessing firearms."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Increase federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "i) Raise the minimum age for ownership of handguns from 18 to 21."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "i) Raise the minimum age for ownership of handguns from 18 to 21."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Allow law-abiding citizens to carry concealed firearms that are legally owned and registered."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Expand the nationwide ban on the sale or transfer of assault weapons to include all forms of semi-automatic weapons."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Ban the sale or transfer of all forms of semi-automatic weapons."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Repeal all bans and measures that restrict law-abiding citizens from owning legally-obtained firearms."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "k) Require a license for gun possession."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms by law-abiding citizens."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Ban the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Renew the ban on the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "Impose a national ban on the public sale of assault weapons."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Maintain and strengthen the enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "c) Maintain federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Maintain and strengthen the enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Favor allowing citizens to carry concealed firearms."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Ban the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "h) Require a license for gun possession."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "f) Require manufacturers to provide child-safety locks on guns."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "h) Require a license for gun possession."
  • Ben Cardin. Ben Cardin Reads the Tea Leaves. 29 May 2011. "I support the right of law-abiding citizens to own and use firearms, under reasonable, common-sense regulations." (www.mdshooters.com)
  • Ben Cardin. Rep. Ben Cardin on Congress's Next Session. 10 January 2000. "In addition, we will be seeking sensible gun safety legislation to protect our children." (www.washingtonpost.com)
  • Ben Cardin. HR 4296. 104th Congress. Regulation of Semi-Automatic Assault Weapons. Ben Cardin voted Yea on 05/05/1994. (votesmart.org)
  • Gun Owners of America. 04/18/2012. "In 2010 Gun Owners of America gave Ben Cardin a grade of 9." (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. HR 2122. 106th Congress. Mandatory Gun Show Background Check Act. Ben Cardin voted Nay on 06/18/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. H AMDT 1156. 110th Congress. Trigger Lock Amendment. Ben Cardin voted Nay on 06/28/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. S Amdt 1067. 111th Congress. Allowing Loaded Guns in National Parks. Ben Cardin voted Nay on 05/12/2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. H Amdt 390. 103th Congress. Instant Background Checks for Gun Purchase Amendment. Ben Cardin voted Nay on 11/10/1993. (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. S Amdt 4070. 110th Congress. Prohibiting Funds in the Bill S 1200 from Being Used to Decrease Gun Ownership. Ben Cardin voted Did Not Vote on 02/25/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. 04/18/2012. "Ben Cardin supported the interests of the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence 100 percent from 1988-2003 (Senate) or 1991-2003 (House)." (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. HR 1025. 103th Congress. Brady Handgun Bill. Ben Cardin voted Yea on 11/10/1993. (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. HR 125. 104th Congress. Gun Ban Repeal Act of 1995. Ben Cardin voted Nay on 03/22/1996. (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. S 397. 109th Congress. Firearms Manufacturers Protection Bill. Ben Cardin voted Nay on 10/20/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. S Amdt 1618. 111th Congress. Authorizing Concealed Firearms Across State Lines. Ben Cardin voted Nay on 07/22/2009. (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) The federal government has no responsibility in providing health care."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "i) The federal government has no responsibility in providing health care."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "Support President Clinton's position for a "comprehensive health care plan for all Americans.""
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government."
  • Megan Eckstein. Frederick News Post: Cardin: Senate Passed a 'Rational Health Care System'. 25 December 2009. "You need to be able to say every American will get affordable health coverage. That's fundamental, and it needs to be in the final bill." (www.fredericknewspost.com)
  • Ben Cardin. Cardin Celebrates One-Year Anniversary of Health Care Reform. 24 March 2011. "As we move into the second year of health reforms, I am proud to celebrate the anniversary of the Affordable Care Act with Team Maryland, and look forward to further implementation of the new law." (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. Cardin Says Repealing Health Care Reform Would Jeopardize the Health of Americans and our Economy. 20 January 2011. "Simply repealing the health care reform law would cost our nation $230 billion in the first 10 years and over a trillion dollars in the next decade. The lives and resources at stake are too great to look back. Now is a time to move forward." (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. Cardin Says Repealing Health Care Reform Would Jeopardize the Health of Americans and our Economy. 20 January 2011. "The new House Leadership has talked about how they want to 'repeal and replace' health care reform, but today they admitted that they see no urgency in stopping insurance company abuses, helping seniors afford prescription drugs, getting tax credits to small businesses, and reducing the deficit. They have no timetable for solving these critical issues." (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. Letter to Barack Obama, President of the United States of America. 14 May 2011. "The Republican budget proposal would not keep pace with the rate of inflation for health care, meaning seniors would pay ever higher out-of-pocket costs. Under the proposal, the annual increase for the vouchers will fall short of the actual rate of inflation for health care -- meaning out-of-pocket expenses for seniors will continue to soar. And to make matters worse, the Republican budget would repeal the only credible means of restraining health care costs -- the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act." (votesmart.org)
  • American Public Health Association. 04/18/2012. "Ben Cardin supported the interests of the American Public Health Association 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. S Amdt 13. 112th Congress. Repealing the Federal Health Care Law. Ben Cardin voted Nay on 02/02/2011. (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Ben Cardin. HR 4437. 109th Congress. Border Security Bill. Ben Cardin voted Nay on 12/16/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. Homeland Security. 23 June 2011. "Immigration has a major impact on our national security as well as our economic security. Today, our nation's immigration and border security system is broken and must be fixed. We must ensure that our borders are secure. At the same time, we must require illegal immigrants to come out of the shadows and go to the back of the line. The process won't be easy or quick, but it should be fair and practical." (cardin.senate.gov)
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Allow legalization for certain illegal immigrants working in the U.S."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Children of illegal immigrants, born in the United States, should not automatically receive US citizenship." Indicate which principles you support regarding issues relating to immigration. Other or expanded principles: "We must better discourage illegal immigration and support legal immigration. "
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "f) Children of illegal immigrants, born in the United States, should not automatically receive U.S. citizenship."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Prohibit states from passing laws that deny human services (medical care, education) to illegal immigrants or their children."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "f) Grant U.S. citizenship to children born in the US only if their parents immigrated legally."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Support amnesty for certain illegal immigrants who already reside in the United States."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Ease citizenship requirements in order to make it easier for immigrants to become United States citizens."
  • Ben Cardin. Issue Position: Immigration. 24 June 2011. "I support changes to the law that will require illegal immigrants to become legal. They must pay taxes, learn English, and pass criminal background checks. This process won't be easy or quick, but it will be fair and practical. Individuals who came to this country illegally will be bumped to the back of the line behind those who waited to come to this country legally. And illegal immigrants with a criminal record would be deported. Those who refuse to register and meet these conditions also should be deported." (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. Cardin Statement on Senate Failure to Proceed on the DREAM Act. 18 December 2010. "I am disappointed that a small minority in the Senate continues to block the DREAM Act from consideration. This is important legislation that started out with bipartisan support but, despite substantive changes, has been twisted into something it is not [...] It would have provided a stringent pathway for young men and women who have graduated high school to give back to their adopted country and local communities through military service or to complete a higher education. Supporting the DREAM Act is an appropriate step toward comprehensive immigration reform. Earlier this year, Congress provided $600 million for 1,500 new border patrol agents, additional monitoring and communications equipment. Those resources will help to ensure that our nation's borders are secure. The DREAM Act is targeted legislation that addresses thousands of undocumented children who were brought to this country before the age of 16. We could spend a great amount of time debating what to do with the undocumented adults who have come to." (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. Durbin, Reid, Menendez, 30 Others Introduce the DREAM Act. 11 May 2011. "This is a compassionate bill that recognizes that we should not hold innocent children responsible for the sins of their parents. The DREAM Act is targeted legislation that addresses thousands of undocumented children who were brought to this country before the age of 16. It would have provided a stringent pathway for young men and women who have graduated high school to give back to their adopted country and local communities through military service or to complete a higher education." (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. Letter to President Barack Obama. 28 March 2010. "Comprehensive immigration reform also means reuniting families, modernizing existing immigration programs, and giving immigrant college-aged students a chance at the American dream. It also must include a pathway to earned citizenship that requires undocumented immigrants to pay taxes and fines, pass background checks, learn English and go to the back of the line for the opportunity to become eligible to apply for U.S. citizenship." (votesmart.org)
  • National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute. 04/18/2012. "Ben Cardin supported the interests of National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. S Amdt 3117. 110th Congress. Border Fence and Customs Appropriations. Ben Cardin voted Yea on 10/03/2007. (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. S Amdt 4231. 110th Congress. Immigration Enforcement and Border Fence Amendment. Ben Cardin voted Nay on 03/13/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Federation for American Immigration Reform. 04/18/2012. "Ben Cardin supported the interests of the Federation for American Immigration Reform 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "k) Should marriage be restricted to a union only between a man and a woman?"
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "j) Should same-sex couples be allowed to form civil unions?"
  • Ben Cardin. Marriage Protection Amendment. 30 September 2004. "I personally believe that marriage is the union of a man and a woman. In 1996, I voted in favor of the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA), which became law with President Clinton's signature. The Act defined marriage for federal purposes as a legal union between one man and one woman. The bill also protected states from being compelled to honor another state's law or judicial proceeding that recognizes marriage between persons of the same sex. DOMA is current federal law." (votesmart.org)
  • Traditional Values Coalition. 04/18/2012. "Ben Cardin supported the interests of the Traditional Values Coalition 14 percent in 2006" (votesmart.org)
  • American Family Association. 04/18/2012. "Ben Cardin supported the interests of the American Family Association 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • American Civil Liberties Union. 04/18/2012. "Ben Cardin supported the interests of the American Civil Liberties Union 86 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • Human Rights Campaign. 04/18/2012. "Ben Cardin supported the interests of the Human Rights Campaign 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. H J Res 88. 110th Congress. Same-Sex Marriage Resolution. Ben Cardin voted Nay on 07/18/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Family Research Council. 04/18/2012. "Ben Cardin supported the interests of the Family Research Council 0 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin signed the Freedom to Marry: Democrats Say I Do pledge. "The Democratic Party supports the full inclusion of all families in the life of our nation, with equal respect, responsibility, and protection under the law, including the freedom to marry. Government has no business putting barriers in the path of people seeking to care for their family members, particularly in challenging economic times. We support the Respect for Marriage Act and the overturning of the federal so-called "Defense of Marriage Act," and oppose discriminatory constitutional amendments and other attempts to deny the freedom to marry to loving and committed same-sex couples." (www.freedomtomarry.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "f) Do you support a policy of pre-emptive strikes against countries deemed to be a threat to national security?"
  • Ben Cardin. Cardin Lauds Renewed Focus On Al-Qaeda, Questions Whether The President's Plan For Afghanistan Can Accomplish Its Stated Goals. 4 December 2009. "We can't rewrite history. As the President noted during his speech at West Point, we went to war in Afghanistan not by choice but after al-Qaeda attacked our country. Regrettably, the previous administration allowed itself to be distracted from Afghanistan -- and our fight against terrorism -- by what it was doing in Iraq. President Obama, as Commander-in-Chief, has been faced with the tough reality that has emerged from the mistakes made by others. I commend him for reaffirming that our core goal is to disable and destroy al-Qaeda anywhere they seek safe haven around the globe." (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. Cole Nomination. 9 May 2011. "The bottom line about Mr. Cole's approach on fighting terrorists is one I believe we all believe in. We are a nation at war with al-Qaida, the Taliban, and their associated forces. We need tough, aggressive, and flexible policies that recognize the paramount importance of providing the President with the ability to use all of the lawful tools -- all of the lawful tools -- of our national power to protect the American people and bring terrorists to justice." (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. Statement by U.S. Senator Ben Cardin on Death of Osama Bin Laden. 1 May 2011. "Osama bin Laden was a murderer who devoted his life to the destruction of freedom, democracy and our way of life. Tonight all Americans can feel safer knowing that bin Laden is dead, but we must remain vigilant in the continued fight against al-Qaeda and any terrorists who seek to harm our nation." (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. Letter to President Barack Obama. 7 March 2012. "We should continue to confront America's enemies wherever they are through targeted counterterrorism operations and end the large scale counterinsurgency effort in Afghanistan." (www.cardin.senate.gov)
  • Ben Cardin. Hearing Of The Subcommittee On The Constitution Of The Senate Judiciary Committee “ The Legal, Moral And National Security Consequences Of 'Prolonged Detention.' 9 June 2009. "And there's no one who challenges us -- a country that's under attack by terrorists -- for detaining suspected terrorists. They expect us to detain and try to get information to protect our nation. But the fatal mistake that the United States made in this effort -- and it caused significant damage to America, from the point of view, I think, of our national security as well as our international reputation -- was the fact that we said we could do this alone. We didn't need the understanding or support of the international community in the way that we were going to detain individuals, question them and hold them accountable. [¦] But I must tell you, what I will be recommending is that we involve the international community in making these decisions, that it shouldn't just be a U.S. policy. The threat of terrorism is global. There is a need for the United States to lead internationally, to develop the appropriate way that individuals should be treated who are suspected terrorists. And it involves getting information to keep us safe. It involves holding terrorists accountable for their criminal actions. But it also involves respecting the rule of law." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Alliance for Retired Americans. 04/18/2012. "Ben Cardin supported the interests of the Alliance for Retired Americans 100 percent in 2008." (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. Employee Free Choice Act of 2007-Motion to Proceed. 25 June 2007. "For two-thirds of Americans, when they retire, Social Security is their largest source of income. It was never intended to be that way. We always thought private retirement would be a major security for people when they retired. We have not met those goals." (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which are managed by the government."
  • Ben Cardin. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Maryland Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government."
  • Ben Cardin. Press Release: Ben Cardin Hosts Social Security Town Hall Forum; Discusses Record and Vision for Program's Future. 21 September 2006. "Social Security provides millions of Americans with a guaranteed source of income each month so they can make ends meet. President Bush's privatization plan could cut the benefit that average Marylanders receive by thousands of dollars a year. That's why I led the fight in Congress to oppose privatizing Social Security. We must protect this critical program for future generations." (votesmart.org)
  • Ben Cardin. MSNBC Meet the Press - Transcript. 29 October 2006. "What I said [¦] was, and what I did was to set up separate accounts outside of Social Security. And in fact, Portman-Cardin, our legislation has done that. I have never supported taking any money out of the Social Security system. I made that clear from day one." (votesmart.org)

Key

Candidate Answer Official Position

Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.

Inferred Answer Inferred Position

Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Project Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.

Unknown Answer Unknown Position

Candidate refused to address this issue.

 Project Vote Smart's Research

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Congressional Election 2004 National Political Awareness Test

This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.

The Political Courage Test asks candidates which items they will support if elected. It does not ask them to indicate which items they will oppose. Through extensive research of public polling data, we discovered that voters are more concerned with what candidates would support when elected to office, not what they oppose. If a candidate does not select a response to any part or all of any question, it does not necessarily indicate that the candidate is opposed to that particular item.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding abortion.

a) Abortions should always be illegal.
b) Abortions should always be legal.
c) Abortions should be legal only within the first trimester of pregnancy.
Xd) Abortions should be legal when the pregnancy resulted from incest or rape.
Xe) Abortions should be legal when the life of the woman is endangered.
f) Prohibit the dilation and extraction procedure, also known as "partial-birth" abortion.
g) Prohibit public funding of abortions and of organizations that advocate or perform abortions.
Xh) Other or expanded principles

I support the framework of Roe v. Wade governing abortion

Using the key, indicate what federal funding levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category.

Budget Priorities

Greatly Decreasea) Agriculture
Slightly Increaseb) Arts
Maintain Statusc) Defense
Greatly Increased) Education
Slightly Increasee) Environment
Slightly Increasef) Homeland security
Slightly Increaseg) International aid
Maintain Statush) Law enforcement
Slightly Increasei) Medical research
Slightly Increasej) National parks
Slightly Increasek) Public health services
Slightly Increasel) Scientific research
Maintain Statusm) Space exploration programs
Slightly Increasen) Transportation and highway infrastructure
Slightly Increaseo) Welfare
p) Other or expanded categories

Defense Spending

Maintain Statusa) Armed Forces personnel training
Slightly Increaseb) Intelligence operations
Slightly Decreasec) Military hardware
Maintain Statusd) Modernization of weaponry and equipment
Greatly Decreasee) National missile defense
Maintain Statusf) Pay for active duty personnel
Slightly Increaseg) Programs to improve troop retention rates
Maintain Statush) Research and development of new weapons
Maintain Statusi) Troop and equipment readiness
j) Other or expanded categories

Using the key above, indicate what federal tax levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category.

Taxes

Income Taxes:

Family Income

Maintain Statusa) Less than $25,000
Slightly Decreaseb) $25,000-$75,000
Maintain Statusc) $75,000-$150,000
Slightly Increased) Over $150,000
e) Other or expanded categories

Retiree Income

f) Over $40,000
g) Other or expanded categories

Other Taxes:

Slightly Increasea) Alcohol taxes
Slightly Increaseb) Capital gains taxes
Slightly Increasec) Cigarette taxes
Slightly Decreased) Corporate taxes
Slightly Increasee) Gasoline taxes
Maintain Statusf) Inheritance taxes
g) Other or expanded categories

Deductions/Credits:

Maintain Statusa) Charitable contributions
Maintain Statusb) Child tax credit
Slightly Increasec) Earned income tax credit
Maintain Statusd) Medical expense deduction
Maintain Statuse) Mortgage deduction
Slightly Increasef) Student loan credit
g) Other or expanded categories
No4) Do you support permanent repeal of the federal estate tax?
No5) Do you support eliminating taxes on dividends paid to individual investors?
Yes6) Should a married couple filing jointly pay the same taxes as if they were an unmarried couple filing separately?
7) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance and government reform.

Xa) Support public taxpayer funding for federal candidates who comply with campaign spending limits.
b) Increase the amount individuals are permitted to contribute to federal campaigns.
c) Prohibit Political Action Committee (PAC) contributions to candidates for federal office.
d) Allow unregulated soft money campaign contributions to political parties or committees.
e) Allow ads paid for by soft money that support or attack a candidate for federal office.
f) Allow issue advocacy commercials by corporations, labor unions, and non-profit groups which appear within 60 days of a general election and within 30 days of a primary election.
g) Remove all contribution limits on federal campaigns and parties.
Undecidedh) Do you support instant run-off voting (IRV)?
Noi) Should Election Day be a national holiday?
Yesj) Should same-sex couples be allowed to form civil unions?
Yesk) Should marriage be restricted to a union only between a man and a woman?
l) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding crime.

Xa) Support the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
b) Eliminate the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
c) Impose "truth in sentencing" for violent criminals so they serve full sentences with no chance of parole.
Xd) Support programs to provide prison inmates with vocational and job-related skills and job-placement assistance when released.
Xe) Support programs to provide prison inmates with drug and alcohol addiction treatment.
f) Reduce prison sentences for those who commit non-violent crimes.
g) Support additional criminal penalties if a fetus is killed in the commission of a federal crime against a pregnant woman.
Xh) Require that crimes based on gender, sexual orientation, and disability be prosecuted as federal hate crimes.
Xi) Support programs that provide job training and placement services for at-risk youth.
Xj) Impose stricter penalties for those convicted of white-collar crimes.
Xk) Enforcement of civil rights should primarily be the responsibility of the federal government.
l) Minors accused of a violent crime should be prosecuted as adults.
m) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding drugs.

a) Support mandatory jail sentences for selling illegal drugs.
Xb) Expand federally sponsored drug education and drug treatment programs.
c) Decriminalize the possession of small amounts of marijuana.
d) Allow doctors to prescribe marijuana to their patients for medicinal purposes.
Xe) Increase border security to stop the flow of illegal drugs into the United States.
f) Eliminate federal funding for programs associated with the "war on drugs."
g) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding education.

Xa) Support national standards for and testing of public school students.
b) Allow parents to use vouchers (equal opportunity scholarships) to send their children to any public school.
c) Allow parents to use vouchers (equal opportunity scholarships) to send their children to any private or religious school.
Xd) Allow teachers and professionals to receive authorization and funding to establish charter schools.
Xe) Increase funding for block grants to states to aid in the hiring of additional teachers.
Xf) Support teacher testing and reward teachers with merit pay.
Xg) Increase funding for school capital improvements (e.g. buildings, infrastructure, technology).
h) Support granting states limited control over Head Start programs.
i) Support changing the mission of Head Start to emphasize improving the math and reading skills of disadvantaged children.
j) Providing education is not a responsibility of the federal government.
Xk) Support affirmative action in public college admissions.
Xl) Increase funding of programs such as Pell grants and Stafford loans to help students pay for college.
Xm) Support federal tax incentives to help families save for college.
n) Other or expanded principles

1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding employment.

Xa) Increase funding for national job-training programs that re-train displaced workers or teach skills needed in today's job market.
b) Reduce government regulation of the private sector in order to encourage investment and economic expansion.
Xc) Provide tax credits or grants to businesses that offer child care services to employees.
Xd) Encourage employers to offer flex-time scheduling, comp-time, and unpaid leave for family emergencies.
e) Eliminate all federal programs designed to reduce unemployment.
Xf) Increase the federal minimum wage.
Xg) Support the right of workers to strike without fear of being permanently replaced.
Xh) Allow workers to sell company stock and to diversify their company retirement funds into other investment options.
i) Other or expanded principles

2) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding affirmative action.

a) The federal government should consider race and gender in government contracting decisions.
b) The federal government should discontinue affirmative action programs.
Xc) The federal government should continue affirmative action programs.
Xd) Include sexual orientation in federal anti-discrimination laws.
e) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the environment and energy.

Xa) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Water Act.
Xb) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Air Act.
c) Require states to compensate citizens when environmental regulations limit uses of privately-owned land.
d) Relax logging restrictions on federal lands.
e) Relax standards on federal lands to allow increased recreational usage.
f) Support increased development of traditional energy resources (e.g. coal, natural gas, oil).
Xg) Strengthen emission controls and fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles.
h) Support opening a select portion of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge for oil exploration.
Xi) Encourage further development and use of alternative fuels to reduce pollution.
Xj) Support the use of ethanol as an alternative fuel.
Xk) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits.
Xl) Support the U.S. re-entering the Kyoto treaty process to limit global warming.
m) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding guns.

Xa) Renew the ban on the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting.
Xb) Maintain and strengthen the current level of enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns.
Xf) Require manufacturers to provide child-safety locks on guns.
Xg) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows.
h) Require a license for gun possession.
Xi) Establish a national database of ballistic "fingerprints" to track guns used in criminal activities.
j) Support legislation that would protect manufacturers, distributors, dealers, and importers of firearms from civil lawsuits by crime victims.
k) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health care.

a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government.
Xb) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income.
Xc) Support a Patient's Bill of Rights which includes appeal mechanisms when claims are denied.
Xd) Support a Patient's Bill of Rights which includes the right to sue when claims are denied.
e) Expand eligibility for tax-free medical savings accounts.
f) Establish limits on the amount of punitive damages awarded in medical malpractice lawsuits.
Xg) Support expanding prescription drug coverage under Medicare.
h) Support expanding prescription drug coverage under private managed care plans.
Xi) Offer tax credits to individuals and small businesses to offset the cost of insurance coverage.
Xj) Support automatic enrollment of children in federal health care programs such as CHIP and Medicaid.
Xk) Allow 55-65 year-olds to buy into Medicare.
Xl) Support stem cell research on existing lines of stem cells.
Xm) Allow laboratories to create new lines of stem cells for additional research.
n) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding immigration.

a) Decrease the number of legal immigrants allowed into the country.
b) Establish English as the official national language.
c) Increase the number of visas issued for agricultural workers.
Xd) Relax restrictions barring legal immigrants from using social programs (e.g. public housing, food stamps).
e) Support amnesty for certain illegal immigrants who already reside in the United States.
f) Support the detention of asylum seekers from countries known to sponsor terrorism.
g) Other or expanded principles

International Aid

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding United States economic assistance.

Xa) Aid should be granted to countries when extraordinary circumstances cause disaster and threaten civilian lives.
Xb) Aid should be granted to countries when it is in the security interests of the United States.
c) Aid should be eliminated for any nation with documented human rights abuses.
d) Aid programs should be scaled back and eventually eliminated.
e) Other or expanded principles

International Policy

1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the Middle East.

Yesa) Should the United States continue to provide leadership in the Israeli-Palestinian peace process?
Yesb) Should the United States support the creation of a Palestinian state?
Noc) Should the United States withdraw its troops from Iraq?
d) Discuss your proposals for the reconstruction of Iraq. What funding sources would you use to implement these proposals? (75 words or less. Please use an attached page if the space below is not adequate.)

I would internationalize the reconstruction effort and fund many projects with loans rather than grants.

Yese) Other or expanded principles

Any Palestinian state must recognize and guarantee Israel's security

2) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Central and East Asia.

Yesa) Should the United States use diplomatic and economic pressure to encourage North Korea to abandon its nuclear weapons program?
Nob) Should the United States use military force to destroy the North Korean nuclear weapons program?
Undecidedc) Should the United States remove the North Korean government from power?
Yesd) Should the United States increase financial support to Afghanistan?
Yese) Should the United States increase military support to Afghanistan?
f) Other or expanded principles

3) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the United Nations.

Yesa) Should the United States maintain its financial support of the United Nations?
Nob) Should the United States decrease its financial support of the United Nations?
Yesc) Should the United States commit troops to United Nations peacekeeping missions?
d) Other or expanded principles
Yes4) Should the United States lift the travel ban to Cuba?
No5) Should the United States increase its financial support to Colombia to combat "the war on drugs"?
Yes6) Should aid to African nations for AIDS prevention programs fund distribution of contraceptives?
Yes7) Should aid to African nations for AIDS prevention fund abstinence education?
Yes8) Other or expanded principles

AIDS prevention programs should include broad education, prevention and treatment efforts. In Africa, drug companies must help make treatment accessible.

International Trade

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding international trade.

Yes1) Do you support the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)?
Yes2) Do you support the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)?
Yes3) Do you support continued U.S. membership in the World Trade Organization (WTO)?
Yes4) Should a nation's human rights record affect its normal trade relations (most favored nation) status with the United States?
Undecided5) Do you support the trade embargo against Cuba?
Yes6) Should trade agreements include provisions to address environmental concerns and to protect workers' rights?
7) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding national security.

Yesa) Do you support using military tribunals to try suspected terrorists when ordinary civilian courts are deemed inappropriate or impractical?
Yesb) Should the United States adopt stricter rules for student visa applications from nations known to sponsor terrorism?
Undecidedc) Should the United States grant law enforcement agencies greater discretion to read mail and email, tap phones, and conduct random searches to prevent future terrorist attacks?
Yesd) Should the United States hold foreign states accountable for terrorists who operate in their country?
Yese) Should the federal government increase funding to states and cities for homeland security?
Nof) Do you support a policy of pre-emptive strikes against countries deemed to be a threat to national security?
g) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Social Security.

a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves.
b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government.
Xc) Invest a portion of Social Security assets collectively in stocks and bonds instead of United States Treasury securities.
d) Increase the payroll tax to better finance Social Security in its current form.
e) Lower the annual cost-of-living increases.
f) Raise the retirement age for when individuals are eligible to receive full Social Security benefits.
g) Other of expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding technology and communication.

Xa) Collect taxes on commercial Internet transactions.
b) Continue the moratorium on Internet taxation.
c) Implement regulation of Internet content.
Xd) Support government mandates to curtail violent and sexual content on television.
Xe) Support strict penalties for Internet crimes (e.g. hacking, identity theft, worms/viruses).
Xf) Support legislation to detail how personal information can be collected and used on the Internet.
g) Regulating the Internet is not a responsibility of the federal government.
Xh) Impose regulations on "spam" emails.
i) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding welfare and poverty.

a) Require welfare recipients to spend at least 40 hours a week in a combination of work and training programs.
Xb) Increase funding for child care programs.
Xc) Continue to give states and local governments flexibility in and responsibility for welfare programs through federal block grants.
d) Direct federal poverty aid through religious, community-based, or other non-profit organizations.
e) Abolish all federal welfare programs.
Xf) Support housing assistance for low-income families.
g) Other or expanded principles
On an attached page, disk, or via email, please explain in a total of 75 words or less, your top two or three priorities if elected. If they require additional funding for implementation, please explain how you would obtain this funding.