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John Lewis' Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)

Office: U.S. House (GA) - District 5, Democratic
Project Vote Smart does not permit the use of its name or programs in any campaign activity, including advertising, debates, and speeches.
John Lewis has refused to provide voters with positions on key issues covered by the 2014 Political Courage Test, despite repeated requests. John Lewis is still welcome to submit the test at any time.

What is the Political Courage Test?

Issue Positions

In response to the increasing unwillingness of candidates to answer issue questions, Project Vote Smart has researched Presidential and Congressional candidates' public records to determine candidates' likely responses on certain key issues. These issue positions, from the year 2014, are provided below as a courtesy to voters.

Pro-choice Inferred Answer Abortion: Do you generally support pro-choice or pro-life legislation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Rated 100% by NARAL Pro-choice America (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • John R. Lewis. Facebook: Wall. 29 June 2012. "I am honored today to receive the endorsement of Planned Parenthood. I will continue to stand up for a woman's right to safe, affordable health care and ensure a woman's right to make her own health care decisions." (www.facebook.com)
  • John R. Lewis. Letter to Democratic Members of the House and Senate Appropriations Committees. 13 September 2011. "By failing to permit the District of Columbia to spend local government funds on abortion, we are sending the message that low-income women should not have access to the same medical services that middle- and upper-income women can access. Ultimately, this prohibition may threaten the health of medically vulnerable women and deny patients the right to access constitutionally protected medical services. We must strive to expand health care services for Americans throughout the nation -- not place barriers in the road of a woman seeking medical care simply because of the state, city, or district that she lives in. The District does not have a vote in the House or Senate. But other Democrats do. We urge you to stand strong and to protect the democratic self-government of the District of Columbia." (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. H AMDT 209. 109th Congress. Overseas Military Facilities Abortion Amendment. John Lewis voted Yea on 05/25/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. HR 6099. 110th Congress. Abortion Pain Bill. John Lewis voted Nay on 12/06/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. H Amdt 882. 106th Congress. Prison Abortion Funding Amendment. John Lewis voted Yea on 06/22/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. H Amdt 722. 106th Congress. Oversea Military Abortions Amendment. John Lewis voted Did Not Vote on 05/18/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. H Amdt 509. 111th Congress. Prohibiting Federally Funded Abortion Services. John Lewis voted Nay on 11/07/2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Planned Parenthood. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Planned Parenthood endorsed John Lewis in the 2010 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. HR 3. 112th Congress. Prohibiting Taxpayer Funding of Abortion. John Lewis voted Nay on 05/04/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. H Amdt 95. 112th Congress. Prohibiting Use of Federal Funds For Planned Parenthood. John Lewis voted Nay on 02/18/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. H Amdt 436. 104th Congress. Overseas Military Abortion Amendment. John Lewis voted Yea on 06/15/1995. (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. HR 3660. 106th Congress. Ban on Partial-Birth/Late Term Abortion. John Lewis voted Nay on 04/05/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • Family Research Council. 04/18/2012. "John Lewis supported the interests of the Family Research Council 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. H Amdt 156. 106th Congress. Overseas Military Abortion Amendment. John Lewis voted Yea on 06/09/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • National Right to Life Committee. 04/18/2012. "John Lewis supported the interests of the National Right to Life Committee 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. HR 748. 109th Congress. Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act. John Lewis voted Nay on 04/27/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • NARAL Pro-Choice America. 04/18/2012. "John Lewis supported the interests of the NARAL Pro-Choice America 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • National Organization for Women. 04/18/2012. "On the votes used to calculate its ratings, the National Organization for Women attaches more value to those votes it considers more important. For 2008, the National Organization for Women gave John Lewis a rating of 100 percent." (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. H Amdt 185. 103th Congress. Hyde Amendment. John Lewis voted Nay on 06/30/1993. (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. H Amdt 643. 106th Congress. Abortion Private Funding Restoration Amendment. John Lewis voted Yea on 05/20/1998. (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. S 403. 110th Congress. Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act. John Lewis voted Did Not Vote on 09/26/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. HR 3682. 106th Congress. Child Custody Protection Act. John Lewis voted Nay on 07/15/1998. (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. H Amdt 187. 105th Congress. Overseas Military Facilities Abortion Amendment. John Lewis voted Yea on 06/19/1997. (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. H Amdt 1017. 106th Congress. Abortion Funding Amendment. John Lewis voted Yea on 07/20/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. HR 670. 103th Congress. Abortion Counseling Bill. John Lewis voted Yea on 03/25/1993. (votesmart.org)
  • Planned Parenthood. 04/18/2012. "John Lewis supported the interests of Planned Parenthood 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Prohibit the late-term abortion procedure known as "partial-birth" abortion."
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "h) Prohibit public funding of abortions and public funding of organizations that advocate or perform abortions."
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be legally available."
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be legally available."
  • John R. Lewis. Facebook: Wall. 29 June 2012. "I am honored today to receive the endorsement of Planned Parenthood. I will continue to stand up for a woman's right to safe, affordable health care and ensure a woman's right to make her own health care decisions." (www.facebook.com)
  • John R. Lewis. Letter to Democratic Members of the House and Senate Appropriations Committees. 13 September 2011. "By failing to permit the District of Columbia to spend local government funds on abortion, we are sending the message that low-income women should not have access to the same medical services that middle- and upper-income women can access. Ultimately, this prohibition may threaten the health of medically vulnerable women and deny patients the right to access constitutionally protected medical services. We must strive to expand health care services for Americans throughout the nation -- not place barriers in the road of a woman seeking medical care simply because of the state, city, or district that she lives in. The District does not have a vote in the House or Senate. But other Democrats do. We urge you to stand strong and to protect the democratic self-government of the District of Columbia." (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. H AMDT 209. 109th Congress. Overseas Military Facilities Abortion Amendment. John Lewis voted Yea on 05/25/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. HR 6099. 110th Congress. Abortion Pain Bill. John Lewis voted Nay on 12/06/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. H Amdt 882. 106th Congress. Prison Abortion Funding Amendment. John Lewis voted Yea on 06/22/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. H Amdt 722. 106th Congress. Oversea Military Abortions Amendment. John Lewis voted Did Not Vote on 05/18/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. H Amdt 509. 111th Congress. Prohibiting Federally Funded Abortion Services. John Lewis voted Nay on 11/07/2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Planned Parenthood. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Planned Parenthood endorsed John Lewis in the 2010 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. HR 3. 112th Congress. Prohibiting Taxpayer Funding of Abortion. John Lewis voted Nay on 05/04/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. H Amdt 95. 112th Congress. Prohibiting Use of Federal Funds For Planned Parenthood. John Lewis voted Nay on 02/18/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. H Amdt 436. 104th Congress. Overseas Military Abortion Amendment. John Lewis voted Yea on 06/15/1995. (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. HR 3660. 106th Congress. Ban on Partial-Birth/Late Term Abortion. John Lewis voted Nay on 04/05/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • Family Research Council. 04/18/2012. "John Lewis supported the interests of the Family Research Council 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. H Amdt 156. 106th Congress. Overseas Military Abortion Amendment. John Lewis voted Yea on 06/09/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • National Right to Life Committee. 04/18/2012. "John Lewis supported the interests of the National Right to Life Committee 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. HR 748. 109th Congress. Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act. John Lewis voted Nay on 04/27/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • NARAL Pro-Choice America. 04/18/2012. "John Lewis supported the interests of the NARAL Pro-Choice America 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • National Organization for Women. 04/18/2012. "On the votes used to calculate its ratings, the National Organization for Women attaches more value to those votes it considers more important. For 2008, the National Organization for Women gave John Lewis a rating of 100 percent." (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. H Amdt 185. 103th Congress. Hyde Amendment. John Lewis voted Nay on 06/30/1993. (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. H Amdt 643. 106th Congress. Abortion Private Funding Restoration Amendment. John Lewis voted Yea on 05/20/1998. (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. S 403. 110th Congress. Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act. John Lewis voted Did Not Vote on 09/26/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. HR 3682. 106th Congress. Child Custody Protection Act. John Lewis voted Nay on 07/15/1998. (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. H Amdt 187. 105th Congress. Overseas Military Facilities Abortion Amendment. John Lewis voted Yea on 06/19/1997. (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. H Amdt 1017. 106th Congress. Abortion Funding Amendment. John Lewis voted Yea on 07/20/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. HR 670. 103th Congress. Abortion Counseling Bill. John Lewis voted Yea on 03/25/1993. (votesmart.org)
  • Planned Parenthood. 04/18/2012. "John Lewis supported the interests of Planned Parenthood 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Prohibit the late-term abortion procedure known as "partial-birth" abortion."
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "h) Prohibit public funding of abortions and public funding of organizations that advocate or perform abortions."
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be legally available."
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be legally available."
  • Rated 100% by NARAL Pro-choice America (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Budget: In order to balance the budget, do you support an income tax increase on any tax bracket? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • John R. Lewis. Facebook: Wall. 18 April 2012. "I call on my colleagues in Congress to restore tax fairness for the middle class by, first, supporting the Buffett Rule. It is simply unfair to ask middle class Americans to pay a higher tax rate than millionaires and billionaires. People understand the need to sacrifice, but not when they are repeatedly cut to the bone while others are given a break." (www.facebook.com)
  • John Lewis. HR 1836. 107th Congress. Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act, 2001. John Lewis voted Nay on 05/16/2001. (votesmart.org)
  • Citizens for Tax Justice. 04/18/2012. "John Lewis supported the interests of the Citizens for Tax Justice 100 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Tax Reform. 04/18/2012. "John Lewis supported the interests of the Americans for Tax Reform 5 percent in 2007." (votesmart.org)
  • National Taxpayers Union. 04/18/2012. "John Lewis supported reasonable tax and spending policies as defined by the National Taxpayers Union 7 percent of the time in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • John R. Lewis. Rep. John Lewis Celebrates Veterans Day. 10 November 2005. "Repealing tax cuts for the wealthiest Americans could pay for hurricane relief. But there are members who would rather shortchange thousands of our sons and daughters in uniform than disappoint a wealthy few. Today there are about 50,000 veterans waiting in lines at least six months long to receive the medical attention they need. And disabled veterans receiving benefits are taxed one dollar for every dollar of disability they receive." "These conditions are immoral, unjust, and not befitting the most powerful and most wealthy nation on earth. We must do more than pay lip-service to patriotism. We must develop the courage and the character to represent the veterans of this nation and fight for them in the halls of Congress just like they have fought for us on the battlefield. We must right these injustices and offer them the full support of the federal government. We must find creative ways to manage the responsibilities of government and not short-change the American people." (votesmart.org)
  • John R. Lewis. Rep. John Lewis Decries Unfairness of $6.2 Trillion in Budget Cuts. 6 April 2011. "The American people must understand what Democrats are fighting for," said Rep. John Lewis. "Cutting spending is the only way to rein in the deficit, but those cuts need to be fair, and they need to be consistent with the values and priorities of the people who elected us. [...] "How can the Republicans ask the middle class and the poor to shoulder the entire fiscal burden of our government while you are giving corporations and the richest citizens a tax break? Ryan's budget makes no appreciable cuts to the largest beneficiary of American tax dollars, the defense budget. It extends the Bush tax cuts to the rich, a fiscally irresponsible act when we are in a deficit, and provides yet another ten percent tax cut for corporations and the richest Americans. The Bush tax cuts to the rich did not create one job, and Ryan's approach will not produce a single job either. This is irresponsible when we are facing record unemployment, and it is patently unfair." (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "3) Do you support eliminating the Internal Revenue Service?"
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "6) Do you support requiring a super-majority vote in both houses of Congress to raise taxes?"
  • John R. Lewis. Letter to the Honorable Nancy Pelosi, Speaker of the House of Representatives. 9 December 2010. "We oppose acceding to Republican demands to extend the Bush tax cuts to millionaires and billionaires for two reasons. First, it is fiscally irresponsible. Adding more than $900 billion to our national debt, as this proposal would do, handcuffs our ability to offer a balanced plan to achieve fiscal stability without a punishing effect on our current commitments, including Social Security and Medicare. Second, it is grossly unfair. This proposal will hurt, not help, the majority of Americans in the middle class and those working hard to get there. Even as Republicans seek to add billions more to our national debt in tax cuts to the wealthy, they oppose extending unemployment benefits to workers and resist COLA increases to seniors." (votesmart.org)
  • John R. Lewis. Facebook: Wall. 18 April 2012. "I call on my colleagues in Congress to restore tax fairness for the middle class by, first, supporting the Buffett Rule. It is simply unfair to ask middle class Americans to pay a higher tax rate than millionaires and billionaires. People understand the need to sacrifice, but not when they are repeatedly cut to the bone while others are given a break." (www.facebook.com)
  • John Lewis. HR 1836. 107th Congress. Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act, 2001. John Lewis voted Nay on 05/16/2001. (votesmart.org)
  • Citizens for Tax Justice. 04/18/2012. "John Lewis supported the interests of the Citizens for Tax Justice 100 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Tax Reform. 04/18/2012. "John Lewis supported the interests of the Americans for Tax Reform 5 percent in 2007." (votesmart.org)
  • National Taxpayers Union. 04/18/2012. "John Lewis supported reasonable tax and spending policies as defined by the National Taxpayers Union 7 percent of the time in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • John R. Lewis. Rep. John Lewis Celebrates Veterans Day. 10 November 2005. "Repealing tax cuts for the wealthiest Americans could pay for hurricane relief. But there are members who would rather shortchange thousands of our sons and daughters in uniform than disappoint a wealthy few. Today there are about 50,000 veterans waiting in lines at least six months long to receive the medical attention they need. And disabled veterans receiving benefits are taxed one dollar for every dollar of disability they receive." "These conditions are immoral, unjust, and not befitting the most powerful and most wealthy nation on earth. We must do more than pay lip-service to patriotism. We must develop the courage and the character to represent the veterans of this nation and fight for them in the halls of Congress just like they have fought for us on the battlefield. We must right these injustices and offer them the full support of the federal government. We must find creative ways to manage the responsibilities of government and not short-change the American people." (votesmart.org)
  • John R. Lewis. Rep. John Lewis Decries Unfairness of $6.2 Trillion in Budget Cuts. 6 April 2011. "The American people must understand what Democrats are fighting for," said Rep. John Lewis. "Cutting spending is the only way to rein in the deficit, but those cuts need to be fair, and they need to be consistent with the values and priorities of the people who elected us. [...] "How can the Republicans ask the middle class and the poor to shoulder the entire fiscal burden of our government while you are giving corporations and the richest citizens a tax break? Ryan's budget makes no appreciable cuts to the largest beneficiary of American tax dollars, the defense budget. It extends the Bush tax cuts to the rich, a fiscally irresponsible act when we are in a deficit, and provides yet another ten percent tax cut for corporations and the richest Americans. The Bush tax cuts to the rich did not create one job, and Ryan's approach will not produce a single job either. This is irresponsible when we are facing record unemployment, and it is patently unfair." (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "3) Do you support eliminating the Internal Revenue Service?"
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "6) Do you support requiring a super-majority vote in both houses of Congress to raise taxes?"
  • John R. Lewis. Letter to the Honorable Nancy Pelosi, Speaker of the House of Representatives. 9 December 2010. "We oppose acceding to Republican demands to extend the Bush tax cuts to millionaires and billionaires for two reasons. First, it is fiscally irresponsible. Adding more than $900 billion to our national debt, as this proposal would do, handcuffs our ability to offer a balanced plan to achieve fiscal stability without a punishing effect on our current commitments, including Social Security and Medicare. Second, it is grossly unfair. This proposal will hurt, not help, the majority of Americans in the middle class and those working hard to get there. Even as Republicans seek to add billions more to our national debt in tax cuts to the wealthy, they oppose extending unemployment benefits to workers and resist COLA increases to seniors." (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Economy: Do you support federal spending as a means of promoting economic growth? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • John R. Lewis. Letter to Chairman Camp. 9 September 2011. "During the last Congress, the President and the then-Democratic Majority took needed steps to stabilize the economy. According to Congressional Budget Office, the Recovery Act resulted in up to 4 million additional full-time jobs in the economy during the second quarter of 2011. Since the recovery began, the private sector has created more than 2 million private sector jobs. But we still have a long way to go before we make up the nearly nine million jobs destroyed by the financial crisis and recession, and we simply must do more to accelerate economic growth and job creation." (votesmart.org)
  • John R. Lewis. Facebook: Wall. 17 July 2012. "Did you know that John Lewis' efforts helped secure more than $47 million to fund and construct the Georgia Transit Connector: Atlanta Streetcar Project, which will offer citizens and visitors to the downtown area another option for transportation, as well as provide green jobs and support economic development?" (www.facebook.com)
  • John Lewis. HR 5297. 112th Congress. Small Business Lending Fund and Tax Law Amendments. John Lewis voted Yea on 09/23/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Prosperity. 04/18/2012. "John Lewis supported the interests of the Americans for Prosperity 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • The Club for Growth. 04/18/2012. "On the votes used to calculate its ratings, The Club for Growth attaches more value to those votes it considers more important. For 2010, The Club for Growth gave John Lewis a rating of 0 percent." (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. HR 1424. 110th Congress. Financial Asset Purchase Authority and Tax Law Amendments. John Lewis voted Yea on 10/03/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • John R. Lewis. Airport and Airway Extension Act of 2010, Part II. 29 June 2010. "Mr. Speaker, I rise in strong support of H.R. 5611, the Airport and Airway Extension Act, Part II. As you know, the Trust Fund taxes and spending authority are scheduled to expire on July 3. This bill simply extends the authority one more month while we work together on a long-term solution.Air travel plays a crucial and critical role in our economy and our lives. The world's busiest airport, Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport is located in my congressional district. This airport alone has a direct impact of more than $32.5 billion on the State of Georgia's economy. At a time when we are considering the importance of jobs and job creation, I would like to note that the airport is the second-largest employer in Georgia with 58,000 workers. If Congress does not pass the bill, the Trust Fund will lose the revenue that we need for airport construction and the Nation's air traffic control system." (votesmart.org)
  • John R. Lewis. Letter to The Honorable Nancy Pelosi and The Honorable Steny Hoyer. 14 December 2010. "While it is encouraging that the Senate tax extenders package includes a number of renewable energy and energy efficiency incentives, we are concerned that it neglects other important renewable energy incentives and includes measures that would move us further away from a clean energy economy. As the House considers this package, we ask that any bill that is brought to a vote include provisions that will: Continue the 48C Advanced Energy Manufacturing Tax Credit and provide an additional $1 billion for important domestic renewable energy projects, including wind and solar. This successful incentive, passed in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, was capped at $2.3 billion, and was heavily oversubscribed. If continued it will allow for further growth in American manufacturing of clean energy technologies. [...] This moment stands to be a crucial turning point for whether our clean energy economy falters or flourishes. We thank you for your attention to this matter." (votesmart.org)
  • John R. Lewis. Fiscal Solvency of Certain Trust Funds. 29 July 2009. "Today, the House will vote to borrow another $7 billion--that's $7 billion--out of the general fund to replenish the Highway Trust Fund which has become insolvent as a result of high gas prices and the sluggish economy. By this time next month, without a congressional bailout, the so-called Highway Trust Fund will be unable to reimburse states for their highway investments. It was only last year that Congress set aside $8 billion from the general fund to keep the highway fund solvent. Clearly, this band-aid approach to fixing this re-occurring problem is not working. One more time, the House is voting to bail out another sector of the economy with money it does not have. This is on the heels of the bank bailout. It's on the heels of the so-called ``Recovery Act'' which has succeeded in spending billions but has thus far failed to create jobs. It's on the heels of the bailout of automakers in Detroit. And it follows another year of astronomical spending increases for every major government program run out of Washington, DC." (votesmart.org)
  • John R. Lewis. Rep. John Lewis Votes to Pass Budget, Invest in Healthcare, Education and Energy Security. 2 April 2009. "Today, Rep. John Lewis voted for passage of H.Con.Res. 85, the fiscal year 2010 budget resolution, which passed the U.S. House of Representatives by a vote of 233 to 196, down party lines. This budget, assembled by House Leaders after much debate, reflects President Obama's priorities for returning our economy to prosperity by investing in healthcare, education and energy security. [...] "When President Clinton left office," said Rep. Lewis, "we had a surplus of $5 trillion. But President Bush left office left us with the highest debt in American history. Hopefully this budget will help undo some of that damage and put us back on the path towards prosperity." The alternative budget proposed by House Republicans would have cut over $1.6 trillion federal dollars for Georgia by repealing the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. Pell grants, Child Care and Development Block grants as well as Transportation funding and elderly nutrition services are just a few of the areas that would have faced significant reductions. The funding cuts in the House Republican's proposal would have also stopped the creation of over 100,000 new jobs." (votesmart.org)
  • John R. Lewis. Rep. John Lewis on Passage of Stimulus Package. 28 January 2009. "Today the U.S. House of Representatives passed H.R. 1, the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, also known as the stimulus package, by a vote of 244 to 188. This package was developed by the Obama Administration and approaches stimulus by strengthening the economy from the bottom up. This represents a significant shift from the fiscal policy of the last eight years. [...] "There are tax cuts included in this bill to help create a balanced plan," said Rep. Lewis. "But those who criticize spending today did not raise their voices when the federal deficit was expanding into double digits. Now, are they asking that the federal government close its doors and turn its back on our citizens? Congress is charged to make decisions about how to allocate the people's resources. And this Congress has decided we must use our limited resources to benefit, not just a few, but the greatest number." "This Congress has decided we must invest in America to begin economic recovery: modernize aging schools, expand health care coverage for people who are out of work, reward excellent teachers, and retrain jobless Americans to participate fully in a new green economy. We are saying that if you help average Americans get back on their feet, they will begin to refuel the economy, because they are the economy. This bill is a first step, but it is not the only step we must take to resolve this financial crisis." (votesmart.org)
  • John R. Lewis. Rep. Lewis Responds To Perdue's Unfair Criticism About Transportation Funding. 29 January 2010. "More recently, partly due to my influence and the power of the Democratic majority, the Georgia Department of Transportation was a top recipient of stimulus dollars. GDOT alone received nearly $572 million in stimulus funding, without any Republican support from our delegation and in spite of criticism by the governor. Yet the state only allocates $2 million in its upcoming budget to MARTA, a vital transportation resource which is $160 million in debt. Last year, I did my part. MARTA received more than $60 million in federal funds. "I have said for years that Georgia needs a comprehensive, regional transportation plan to solve our problems. That is not the responsibility of any federal authority, but it rests squarely on the shoulders of the governor. While Georgia dawdles, other states like Florida and North Carolina are seizing opportunities to use transportation as a means to draw big business, opportunity, and jobs to their states. Georgia is not in the running because it does not have a plan. "I have done my part and will continue to bring federal money home to the people of Atlanta. Now it is time for other responsible officials to do theirs." (votesmart.org)
  • John R. Lewis. Letter to Chairman Camp. 9 September 2011. "During the last Congress, the President and the then-Democratic Majority took needed steps to stabilize the economy. According to Congressional Budget Office, the Recovery Act resulted in up to 4 million additional full-time jobs in the economy during the second quarter of 2011. Since the recovery began, the private sector has created more than 2 million private sector jobs. But we still have a long way to go before we make up the nearly nine million jobs destroyed by the financial crisis and recession, and we simply must do more to accelerate economic growth and job creation." (votesmart.org)
  • John R. Lewis. Facebook: Wall. 17 July 2012. "Did you know that John Lewis' efforts helped secure more than $47 million to fund and construct the Georgia Transit Connector: Atlanta Streetcar Project, which will offer citizens and visitors to the downtown area another option for transportation, as well as provide green jobs and support economic development?" (www.facebook.com)
  • John Lewis. HR 5297. 112th Congress. Small Business Lending Fund and Tax Law Amendments. John Lewis voted Yea on 09/23/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Prosperity. 04/18/2012. "John Lewis supported the interests of the Americans for Prosperity 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • The Club for Growth. 04/18/2012. "On the votes used to calculate its ratings, The Club for Growth attaches more value to those votes it considers more important. For 2010, The Club for Growth gave John Lewis a rating of 0 percent." (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. HR 1424. 110th Congress. Financial Asset Purchase Authority and Tax Law Amendments. John Lewis voted Yea on 10/03/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • John R. Lewis. Letter to The Honorable Nancy Pelosi and The Honorable Steny Hoyer. 14 December 2010. "While it is encouraging that the Senate tax extenders package includes a number of renewable energy and energy efficiency incentives, we are concerned that it neglects other important renewable energy incentives and includes measures that would move us further away from a clean energy economy. As the House considers this package, we ask that any bill that is brought to a vote include provisions that will: Continue the 48C Advanced Energy Manufacturing Tax Credit and provide an additional $1 billion for important domestic renewable energy projects, including wind and solar. This successful incentive, passed in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, was capped at $2.3 billion, and was heavily oversubscribed. If continued it will allow for further growth in American manufacturing of clean energy technologies. [...] This moment stands to be a crucial turning point for whether our clean energy economy falters or flourishes. We thank you for your attention to this matter." (votesmart.org)
  • John R. Lewis. Airport and Airway Extension Act of 2010, Part II. 29 June 2010. "Mr. Speaker, I rise in strong support of H.R. 5611, the Airport and Airway Extension Act, Part II. As you know, the Trust Fund taxes and spending authority are scheduled to expire on July 3. This bill simply extends the authority one more month while we work together on a long-term solution.Air travel plays a crucial and critical role in our economy and our lives. The world's busiest airport, Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport is located in my congressional district. This airport alone has a direct impact of more than $32.5 billion on the State of Georgia's economy. At a time when we are considering the importance of jobs and job creation, I would like to note that the airport is the second-largest employer in Georgia with 58,000 workers. If Congress does not pass the bill, the Trust Fund will lose the revenue that we need for airport construction and the Nation's air traffic control system." (votesmart.org)
  • John R. Lewis. Fiscal Solvency of Certain Trust Funds. 29 July 2009. "Today, the House will vote to borrow another $7 billion--that's $7 billion--out of the general fund to replenish the Highway Trust Fund which has become insolvent as a result of high gas prices and the sluggish economy. By this time next month, without a congressional bailout, the so-called Highway Trust Fund will be unable to reimburse states for their highway investments. It was only last year that Congress set aside $8 billion from the general fund to keep the highway fund solvent. Clearly, this band-aid approach to fixing this re-occurring problem is not working. One more time, the House is voting to bail out another sector of the economy with money it does not have. This is on the heels of the bank bailout. It's on the heels of the so-called ``Recovery Act'' which has succeeded in spending billions but has thus far failed to create jobs. It's on the heels of the bailout of automakers in Detroit. And it follows another year of astronomical spending increases for every major government program run out of Washington, DC." (votesmart.org)
  • John R. Lewis. Rep. John Lewis Votes to Pass Budget, Invest in Healthcare, Education and Energy Security. 2 April 2009. "Today, Rep. John Lewis voted for passage of H.Con.Res. 85, the fiscal year 2010 budget resolution, which passed the U.S. House of Representatives by a vote of 233 to 196, down party lines. This budget, assembled by House Leaders after much debate, reflects President Obama's priorities for returning our economy to prosperity by investing in healthcare, education and energy security. [...] "When President Clinton left office," said Rep. Lewis, "we had a surplus of $5 trillion. But President Bush left office left us with the highest debt in American history. Hopefully this budget will help undo some of that damage and put us back on the path towards prosperity." The alternative budget proposed by House Republicans would have cut over $1.6 trillion federal dollars for Georgia by repealing the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. Pell grants, Child Care and Development Block grants as well as Transportation funding and elderly nutrition services are just a few of the areas that would have faced significant reductions. The funding cuts in the House Republican's proposal would have also stopped the creation of over 100,000 new jobs." (votesmart.org)
  • John R. Lewis. Rep. John Lewis on Passage of Stimulus Package. 28 January 2009. "Today the U.S. House of Representatives passed H.R. 1, the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, also known as the stimulus package, by a vote of 244 to 188. This package was developed by the Obama Administration and approaches stimulus by strengthening the economy from the bottom up. This represents a significant shift from the fiscal policy of the last eight years. [...] "There are tax cuts included in this bill to help create a balanced plan," said Rep. Lewis. "But those who criticize spending today did not raise their voices when the federal deficit was expanding into double digits. Now, are they asking that the federal government close its doors and turn its back on our citizens? Congress is charged to make decisions about how to allocate the people's resources. And this Congress has decided we must use our limited resources to benefit, not just a few, but the greatest number." "This Congress has decided we must invest in America to begin economic recovery: modernize aging schools, expand health care coverage for people who are out of work, reward excellent teachers, and retrain jobless Americans to participate fully in a new green economy. We are saying that if you help average Americans get back on their feet, they will begin to refuel the economy, because they are the economy. This bill is a first step, but it is not the only step we must take to resolve this financial crisis." (votesmart.org)
  • John R. Lewis. Rep. Lewis Responds To Perdue's Unfair Criticism About Transportation Funding. 29 January 2010. "More recently, partly due to my influence and the power of the Democratic majority, the Georgia Department of Transportation was a top recipient of stimulus dollars. GDOT alone received nearly $572 million in stimulus funding, without any Republican support from our delegation and in spite of criticism by the governor. Yet the state only allocates $2 million in its upcoming budget to MARTA, a vital transportation resource which is $160 million in debt. Last year, I did my part. MARTA received more than $60 million in federal funds. "I have said for years that Georgia needs a comprehensive, regional transportation plan to solve our problems. That is not the responsibility of any federal authority, but it rests squarely on the shoulders of the governor. While Georgia dawdles, other states like Florida and North Carolina are seizing opportunities to use transportation as a means to draw big business, opportunity, and jobs to their states. Georgia is not in the running because it does not have a plan. "I have done my part and will continue to bring federal money home to the people of Atlanta. Now it is time for other responsible officials to do theirs." (votesmart.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Education: Do you support requiring states to implement education reforms in order to be eligible for competitive federal grants? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • John Lewis. HR 2300. 106th Congress. Academic Achievement for All Act. John Lewis voted Nay on 10/21/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. HR 1804. 104th Congress. Goals 2000: Educate America Act. John Lewis voted Yea on 03/23/1994. (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Support national standards and testing in reading and math."
  • John R. Lewis. Issue Position: Education. 20 July 2011. "In recent years, the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) has been at the forefront of education reform. NCLB is currently up for reauthorization in Congress and I am working, in close conjunction with my colleagues, to correct some of the flaws in the law. The goal of NCLB is to enable all American children to succeed in school regardless of income, race, ethnicity, or disability. However, we need to revise how we measure student achievement and the testing methods we use. Too many of today's teachers feel they must "teach the test." We need multiple measures to assess the growth of students and to ensure our students are becoming well-rounded individuals. When measuring student achievement, we need to understand how students are performing, not just by race and ethnicity, but also by gender. Too many African-American and Latino men are lagging behind women in their corresponding racial and ethnic groups. Of particular concern is that the United States of America has one of the highest dropout rates in the world. This is unacceptable. Those who are struggling need the most help so they can graduate and become productive members of society. Congress must ensure that NCLB targets more resources to underperforming schools and districts. If we continue to refuse to invest the necessary resources in our children's education, no law will solve our education crisis." (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Increase" for: "1) Indicate what changes you support (if any) concerning levels of federal funding for the following categories. Select one number only. c) Education (K-12)" 1) Indicate what changes you support (if any) concerning levels of federal funding for the following categories. Select one number only. Other or expanded principles: "Drug Treatment "
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Eliminate the Department of Education, thereby giving state and local government greater control over educational issues."
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Increase" for: "1) Indicate what changes you support (if any) concerning levels of federal funding for the following categories. Select one number only. c) Education (K-12)" 1) Indicate what changes you support (if any) concerning levels of federal funding for the following categories. Select one number only. Other or expanded principles: "National Parks "
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Increase" for: "1) Indicate what changes you support (if any) concerning levels of federal funding for the following categories. Select one number only. c) Education (K-12)" 1) Indicate what changes you support (if any) concerning levels of federal funding for the following categories. Select one number only. Other or expanded principles: "Military "
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Give all federal education funding to states in the form of block grants and allow them to spend it as they see fit."
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Increase" for: "1) Indicate what levels of federal funding you support for the following categories. Select one number (level) only. c) Education (K-12)"
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "State" for: "Indicate which level of government that should have primary responsibility for the following services. Select one level only. c) Education"
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Local" for: "Indicate which level of government should have primary responsibility for the following services. Select one level only. 3) Education"
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "2) Do you support the use of block grants given to states, rather than federal spending, in the following areas? b) Education"
  • John R. Lewis. Education. 17 August 2012. "Education is a cornerstone of democracy. Throughout my time in Congress, I fought for and supported measures to improve public schools and make higher education more affordable for all. While our education system is largely under local control, I am committed to finding the proper balance between the states and federal government, to encourage equality and opportunity. I strongly believe that no matter a person's income or zip code, access to an excellent education should be a right [¦] While I appreciate the intent of No Child Left Behind, the time has come to improve the law. I support fixing NCLB in a way that balances accountability and flexibility. We must have measures that truly capture achievement gaps and evaluate teachers fairly. I support multiple assessment measures to form a broad view of student learning and programs which give teachers and administrators opportunities for professional development, training, and collaboration. While NCLB intended to guarantee the success of all students, it focused too narrowly on standardized testing and today discrepancies in achievement still exist. I am deeply concerned by the number of African-American and Latino students falling through the cracks. In order to accomplish any of the reforms that we seek, we must commit to investing in education. We cannot demand more from our schools while providing them with less. Meaningful reform will include teachers, administrators, and parents in this essential dialogue. We must respect their authority in their children's and students' lives." (johnlewis.house.gov)
  • John R. Lewis. A Call for $23 Billion Teacher Jobs Fund. 1 May 2010. "Schools across the country are facing the worst layoffs in half a century. As many as 300,000 school employees are in danger of losing their jobs. If that happens, millions of kids will see exploding class sizes and a drastic decline in educational opportunities. Education will become a "risky" career choice for a generation of potential teachers. Communities are facing this emergency through no fault of their own. The collapse of the financial system devastated all economic sectors, leaving state and local governments in a huge budget crisis that's just reaching its peak, despite the improving economy [¦] We only have one chance to educate tomorrow's innovators, engineers and entrepreneurs and the key to our economy -- our children! That's why we support a $23 billion teacher jobs fund - for our children's sake and for the sake of a stronger American economy." (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. HR 2300. 106th Congress. Academic Achievement for All Act. John Lewis voted Nay on 10/21/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. HR 1804. 104th Congress. Goals 2000: Educate America Act. John Lewis voted Yea on 03/23/1994. (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Support national standards and testing in reading and math."
  • John R. Lewis. Issue Position: Education. 20 July 2011. "In recent years, the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) has been at the forefront of education reform. NCLB is currently up for reauthorization in Congress and I am working, in close conjunction with my colleagues, to correct some of the flaws in the law. The goal of NCLB is to enable all American children to succeed in school regardless of income, race, ethnicity, or disability. However, we need to revise how we measure student achievement and the testing methods we use. Too many of today's teachers feel they must "teach the test." We need multiple measures to assess the growth of students and to ensure our students are becoming well-rounded individuals. When measuring student achievement, we need to understand how students are performing, not just by race and ethnicity, but also by gender. Too many African-American and Latino men are lagging behind women in their corresponding racial and ethnic groups. Of particular concern is that the United States of America has one of the highest dropout rates in the world. This is unacceptable. Those who are struggling need the most help so they can graduate and become productive members of society. Congress must ensure that NCLB targets more resources to underperforming schools and districts. If we continue to refuse to invest the necessary resources in our children's education, no law will solve our education crisis." (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Increase" for: "1) Indicate what changes you support (if any) concerning levels of federal funding for the following categories. Select one number only. c) Education (K-12)" 1) Indicate what changes you support (if any) concerning levels of federal funding for the following categories. Select one number only. Other or expanded principles: "Drug Treatment "
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Eliminate the Department of Education, thereby giving state and local government greater control over educational issues."
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Increase" for: "1) Indicate what changes you support (if any) concerning levels of federal funding for the following categories. Select one number only. c) Education (K-12)" 1) Indicate what changes you support (if any) concerning levels of federal funding for the following categories. Select one number only. Other or expanded principles: "National Parks "
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Increase" for: "1) Indicate what changes you support (if any) concerning levels of federal funding for the following categories. Select one number only. c) Education (K-12)" 1) Indicate what changes you support (if any) concerning levels of federal funding for the following categories. Select one number only. Other or expanded principles: "Military "
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Give all federal education funding to states in the form of block grants and allow them to spend it as they see fit."
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Increase" for: "1) Indicate what levels of federal funding you support for the following categories. Select one number (level) only. c) Education (K-12)"
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "State" for: "Indicate which level of government that should have primary responsibility for the following services. Select one level only. c) Education"
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Local" for: "Indicate which level of government should have primary responsibility for the following services. Select one level only. 3) Education"
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "2) Do you support the use of block grants given to states, rather than federal spending, in the following areas? b) Education"
  • John R. Lewis. Education. 17 August 2012. "Education is a cornerstone of democracy. Throughout my time in Congress, I fought for and supported measures to improve public schools and make higher education more affordable for all. While our education system is largely under local control, I am committed to finding the proper balance between the states and federal government, to encourage equality and opportunity. I strongly believe that no matter a person's income or zip code, access to an excellent education should be a right [¦] While I appreciate the intent of No Child Left Behind, the time has come to improve the law. I support fixing NCLB in a way that balances accountability and flexibility. We must have measures that truly capture achievement gaps and evaluate teachers fairly. I support multiple assessment measures to form a broad view of student learning and programs which give teachers and administrators opportunities for professional development, training, and collaboration. While NCLB intended to guarantee the success of all students, it focused too narrowly on standardized testing and today discrepancies in achievement still exist. I am deeply concerned by the number of African-American and Latino students falling through the cracks. In order to accomplish any of the reforms that we seek, we must commit to investing in education. We cannot demand more from our schools while providing them with less. Meaningful reform will include teachers, administrators, and parents in this essential dialogue. We must respect their authority in their children's and students' lives." (johnlewis.house.gov)
  • John R. Lewis. A Call for $23 Billion Teacher Jobs Fund. 1 May 2010. "Schools across the country are facing the worst layoffs in half a century. As many as 300,000 school employees are in danger of losing their jobs. If that happens, millions of kids will see exploding class sizes and a drastic decline in educational opportunities. Education will become a "risky" career choice for a generation of potential teachers. Communities are facing this emergency through no fault of their own. The collapse of the financial system devastated all economic sectors, leaving state and local governments in a huge budget crisis that's just reaching its peak, despite the improving economy [¦] We only have one chance to educate tomorrow's innovators, engineers and entrepreneurs and the key to our economy -- our children! That's why we support a $23 billion teacher jobs fund - for our children's sake and for the sake of a stronger American economy." (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Energy: Do you support building the Keystone XL pipeline? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

Yes Inferred Answer Environment: Do you support the federal regulation of greenhouse gas emissions? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • John R. Lewis. Issue Position: Environment. 7 August 2012. "We need to get our priorities straight: Global warming can no longer be ignored. A significant majority of the scientific community believes human activities have contributed to a rise in global average temperatures through increasing the level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere by one-third over the last 150 years. [¦] America must provide strong leadership to reduce emissions that are responsible for global warming. We need to develop new technologies and implement aggressive policies that spur new creativity in the free market to reverse these dangerous trends." (votesmart.org)
  • Environment America. 04/18/2012. "John Lewis supported the interests of Environment America 87 percent in 2009." (votesmart.org)
  • League of Conservation Voters. 04/18/2012. "John Lewis supported the interests of the League of Conservation Voters 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. HR 910. 112th Congress. Energy Tax Prevention Act. John Lewis voted Nay on 04/07/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed John Lewis in the 2010 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed John Lewis in the 2006 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. HR 2454. 111th Congress. Energy and Environmental Law Amendments ("Cap and Trade"). John Lewis voted Yea on 06/26/2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed John Lewis in the 2004 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Southern Alliance for Clean Energy Action Fund. 04/18/2012. "John Lewis supported the interests of the Southern Alliance for Clean Energy Action Fund 80 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Southern Alliance for Clean Energy Action Fund. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Southern Alliance for Clean Energy Action Fund endorsed John Lewis in the 2008 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed John Lewis in the 2002 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "j) Impose stricter national air quality standards."
  • John R. Lewis. Issue Position: Energy and Gas Prices. 20 July 2011. "I was an original cosponsor of the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA), landmark legislation that will make more energy independent while sparking economic growth and protecting our environment in the process. [...] EISA makes a historic commitment to American-grown bio-fuels, including incentives to boost the production of bio-fuels to 36 billion gallons by 2022. As we see the effects of climate change all across our planet, this bill will reduce our greenhouse gas emissions through the creation of renewable electricity standard to diversify and "green" the sources of our nation's energy. It also increases the efficiency of buildings, homes, appliances and lighting, reducing emissions by 75 percent in an effort that will save Americans $400 billion through 2030." (votesmart.org)
  • John R. Lewis. Issue Position: Environment. 20 July 2011. "I am very excited about the progress we are making with legislation to fight the global warming crisis. Recently, the Lieberman-Warner Act (S. 3036), was introduced on the floor of the Senate. While I support even more aggressive reforms than those in this proposal, I am pleased that more and more officials in Washington are recognizing this growing threat. I look forward to working with a president who is a true partner in fighting the global warming crisis. The Lieberman-Warner bill would establish a "cap-and-trade" system to cut greenhouse gases. According to the legislation, the government would set a "cap" for greenhouse gas emissions, print and distribute free "allowances" to 2,100 power plants, factories, and other pollution-emitting facilities, and then require those facilities to submit allowances to cover their emissions each year. Fewer and fewer allowances are given each year from 2012 to 2050. The proposal would cute emissions by 66% by 2050 and covers six greenhouse gases, not just the traditional carbon dioxide. The more efficient a facility becomes, the more they are rewarded under the cap and trade system because they can sell their allowances. The proposal also includes tax cuts for low-income people to offset the expected rise in energy costs and revenue would also fund research and development of new energy sources and conservation and help affected industries. The proposal also has the possibility to create tens of thousands of "green" or clean-tech jobs." (votesmart.org)
  • John R. Lewis. Letter to President of the United States George W. Bush. 15 May 2006. "There is no good reason for gas prices to be this high, especially when oil companies continue to receive record-breaking profits, OPEC continues to receive increased revenue, and oil executives continue to receive obscene levels of compensation. Therefore, we urge you to convene an Emergency Energy Summit with Congressional leaders on both sides of the aisle, leaders in the oil industry and consumer advocates to implement solutions which will immediately lower the price of gas at the pump, reduce our dependence on fossil fuels, and prohibit price gouging. Without real leadership at the top, there is no question but that oil executives will continue to ignore the needs of ordinary Americans while they reap record-breaking profits. Among other things, this summit should focus on the following: [...] Reduce our dependence on fossil fuel through investments in renewable energy and energy conservation. By moving toward energy conservation and investing in renewable and alternative energy sources such as biofuels, hydrogen fuel cells, ethanol, solar and wind we can eliminate our reliance on Middle East oil by 2020, and move away from polluting fossil fuels in general. For example, by increasing CAFE standards for cars to 45 miles per gallon and SUVs and light trucks to 34 miles per gallon over the next decade we could save consumers about $80 billion per year at the pump, 3 billion gallons of oil a year, and reduce greenhouse gas emissions by more than 1.5 trillion pounds a year." (votesmart.org)
  • John R. Lewis. Letter to The Honorable Nancy Pelosi and The Honorable Steny Hoyer. 14 December 2010. "While it is encouraging that the Senate tax extenders package includes a number of renewable energy and energy efficiency incentives, we are concerned that it neglects other important renewable energy incentives and includes measures that would move us further away from a clean energy economy. As the House considers this package, we ask that any bill that is brought to a vote include provisions that will: [...] Eliminate the wasteful and environmentally-damaging "coal to liquids" tax subsidy. Over its lifecycle, liquid is responsible for nearly twice the greenhouse gas pollution as conventional fuels. Liquid coal production requires four gallons of water for every gallon of fuel produced. Furthermore, encouraging this fuel would only worsen the damage that coal mining wreaks upon ecosystems and communities. Earlier this year the House passed legislation that had removed this credit from Senate legislation, demonstrating the House's opposition to the extension of this wasteful subsidy." (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "i) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline or diesel powered engines, including cars and trucks." Indicate which principles or programs you support regarding America's environment and natural resources. Other or expanded principles: "Provide tax credits/incentives to promote alternative forms of energy. "
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "l) Promote the selling of pollution credits to encourage industries to decrease amount of pollution." Indicate which principles or programs you support regarding America's environment and natural resources. Other or expanded principles: "Provide tax credits/incentives to promote alternative forms of energy. "
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "k) Adhere to the United Nations treaty regarding global climate change."
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "i) Promote the selling of pollution credits between nations to encourage industries to decrease pollution levels."
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Eliminate government regulations of the private sector in order to encourage investment and economic expansion."
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline or diesel powered engines, including cars and trucks."
  • John R. Lewis. Issue Position: Environment. 7 August 2012. "We need to get our priorities straight: Global warming can no longer be ignored. A significant majority of the scientific community believes human activities have contributed to a rise in global average temperatures through increasing the level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere by one-third over the last 150 years. [¦] America must provide strong leadership to reduce emissions that are responsible for global warming. We need to develop new technologies and implement aggressive policies that spur new creativity in the free market to reverse these dangerous trends." (votesmart.org)
  • Environment America. 04/18/2012. "John Lewis supported the interests of Environment America 87 percent in 2009." (votesmart.org)
  • League of Conservation Voters. 04/18/2012. "John Lewis supported the interests of the League of Conservation Voters 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. HR 910. 112th Congress. Energy Tax Prevention Act. John Lewis voted Nay on 04/07/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed John Lewis in the 2010 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed John Lewis in the 2006 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. HR 2454. 111th Congress. Energy and Environmental Law Amendments ("Cap and Trade"). John Lewis voted Yea on 06/26/2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed John Lewis in the 2004 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Southern Alliance for Clean Energy Action Fund. 04/18/2012. "John Lewis supported the interests of the Southern Alliance for Clean Energy Action Fund 80 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Southern Alliance for Clean Energy Action Fund. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Southern Alliance for Clean Energy Action Fund endorsed John Lewis in the 2008 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed John Lewis in the 2002 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "j) Impose stricter national air quality standards."
  • John R. Lewis. Issue Position: Energy and Gas Prices. 20 July 2011. "I was an original cosponsor of the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA), landmark legislation that will make more energy independent while sparking economic growth and protecting our environment in the process. [...] EISA makes a historic commitment to American-grown bio-fuels, including incentives to boost the production of bio-fuels to 36 billion gallons by 2022. As we see the effects of climate change all across our planet, this bill will reduce our greenhouse gas emissions through the creation of renewable electricity standard to diversify and "green" the sources of our nation's energy. It also increases the efficiency of buildings, homes, appliances and lighting, reducing emissions by 75 percent in an effort that will save Americans $400 billion through 2030." (votesmart.org)
  • John R. Lewis. Issue Position: Environment. 20 July 2011. "I am very excited about the progress we are making with legislation to fight the global warming crisis. Recently, the Lieberman-Warner Act (S. 3036), was introduced on the floor of the Senate. While I support even more aggressive reforms than those in this proposal, I am pleased that more and more officials in Washington are recognizing this growing threat. I look forward to working with a president who is a true partner in fighting the global warming crisis. The Lieberman-Warner bill would establish a "cap-and-trade" system to cut greenhouse gases. According to the legislation, the government would set a "cap" for greenhouse gas emissions, print and distribute free "allowances" to 2,100 power plants, factories, and other pollution-emitting facilities, and then require those facilities to submit allowances to cover their emissions each year. Fewer and fewer allowances are given each year from 2012 to 2050. The proposal would cute emissions by 66% by 2050 and covers six greenhouse gases, not just the traditional carbon dioxide. The more efficient a facility becomes, the more they are rewarded under the cap and trade system because they can sell their allowances. The proposal also includes tax cuts for low-income people to offset the expected rise in energy costs and revenue would also fund research and development of new energy sources and conservation and help affected industries. The proposal also has the possibility to create tens of thousands of "green" or clean-tech jobs." (votesmart.org)
  • John R. Lewis. Letter to President of the United States George W. Bush. 15 May 2006. "There is no good reason for gas prices to be this high, especially when oil companies continue to receive record-breaking profits, OPEC continues to receive increased revenue, and oil executives continue to receive obscene levels of compensation. Therefore, we urge you to convene an Emergency Energy Summit with Congressional leaders on both sides of the aisle, leaders in the oil industry and consumer advocates to implement solutions which will immediately lower the price of gas at the pump, reduce our dependence on fossil fuels, and prohibit price gouging. Without real leadership at the top, there is no question but that oil executives will continue to ignore the needs of ordinary Americans while they reap record-breaking profits. Among other things, this summit should focus on the following: [...] Reduce our dependence on fossil fuel through investments in renewable energy and energy conservation. By moving toward energy conservation and investing in renewable and alternative energy sources such as biofuels, hydrogen fuel cells, ethanol, solar and wind we can eliminate our reliance on Middle East oil by 2020, and move away from polluting fossil fuels in general. For example, by increasing CAFE standards for cars to 45 miles per gallon and SUVs and light trucks to 34 miles per gallon over the next decade we could save consumers about $80 billion per year at the pump, 3 billion gallons of oil a year, and reduce greenhouse gas emissions by more than 1.5 trillion pounds a year." (votesmart.org)
  • John R. Lewis. Letter to The Honorable Nancy Pelosi and The Honorable Steny Hoyer. 14 December 2010. "While it is encouraging that the Senate tax extenders package includes a number of renewable energy and energy efficiency incentives, we are concerned that it neglects other important renewable energy incentives and includes measures that would move us further away from a clean energy economy. As the House considers this package, we ask that any bill that is brought to a vote include provisions that will: [...] Eliminate the wasteful and environmentally-damaging "coal to liquids" tax subsidy. Over its lifecycle, liquid is responsible for nearly twice the greenhouse gas pollution as conventional fuels. Liquid coal production requires four gallons of water for every gallon of fuel produced. Furthermore, encouraging this fuel would only worsen the damage that coal mining wreaks upon ecosystems and communities. Earlier this year the House passed legislation that had removed this credit from Senate legislation, demonstrating the House's opposition to the extension of this wasteful subsidy." (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "i) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline or diesel powered engines, including cars and trucks." Indicate which principles or programs you support regarding America's environment and natural resources. Other or expanded principles: "Provide tax credits/incentives to promote alternative forms of energy. "
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "l) Promote the selling of pollution credits to encourage industries to decrease amount of pollution." Indicate which principles or programs you support regarding America's environment and natural resources. Other or expanded principles: "Provide tax credits/incentives to promote alternative forms of energy. "
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "k) Adhere to the United Nations treaty regarding global climate change."
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "i) Promote the selling of pollution credits between nations to encourage industries to decrease pollution levels."
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Eliminate government regulations of the private sector in order to encourage investment and economic expansion."
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline or diesel powered engines, including cars and trucks."
Yes Inferred Answer Guns: Do you support restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • John Lewis. HR 1025. 103th Congress. Brady Handgun Bill. John Lewis voted Yea on 11/10/1993. (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. H Amdt 390. 103th Congress. Instant Background Checks for Gun Purchase Amendment. John Lewis voted Nay on 11/10/1993. (votesmart.org)
  • John R. Lewis. Facebook: Wall. 5 August 2012. "What does it say about our priorities as a nation when we make it harder to vote but easier to own a gun?" (www.facebook.com)
  • John R. Lewis. Twitter: repjohnlewis. 24 July 2012. "How many more people will die as a result of gun violence? The time to act is now." (twitter.com)
  • John Lewis. HR 2122. 106th Congress. Mandatory Gun Show Background Check Act. John Lewis voted Nay on 06/18/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. HR 125. 104th Congress. Gun Ban Repeal Act of 1995. John Lewis voted Nay on 03/22/1996. (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. H AMDT 1156. 110th Congress. Trigger Lock Amendment. John Lewis voted Nay on 06/28/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. HR 4296. 104th Congress. Regulation of Semi-Automatic Assault Weapons. John Lewis voted Yea on 05/05/1994. (votesmart.org)
  • Gun Owners of America. 04/18/2012. "In 2010 Gun Owners of America gave John Lewis a grade of 18." (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. HR 6842. 110th Congress. Repealing Portions of the D.C. Firearm Ban. John Lewis voted Nay on 09/17/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence endorsed John Lewis in the 2008 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. S 397. 109th Congress. Firearms Manufacturers Protection Bill. John Lewis voted Nay on 10/20/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. 04/18/2012. "John Lewis supported the interests of the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence 95 percent from 1988-2003 (Senate) or 1991-2003 (House)." (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Allow law-abiding citizens to carry concealed firearms that are legally owned and registered."
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Increase federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms."
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "c) Maintain all federal registration procedures and restrictions on possessing firearms."
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Ban the sale or transfer of all forms of semi-automatic weapons."
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "c) Maintain federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms."
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Favor allowing citizens to carry concealed firearms."
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Increase restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms."
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms."
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Ease procedures on the purchase and registration of firearms."
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Expand the nationwide ban on the sale or transfer of assault weapons to include all forms of semi-automatic weapons."
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms by law-abiding citizens."
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "d) Implement tighter restrictions on firearm sales in an effort to hinder terrorist groups from stockpiling weapon arsenals."
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Repeal all bans and measures that restrict law-abiding citizens from owning legally-obtained firearms."
  • Gun Owners of America. 04/18/2012. "In 2010 Gun Owners of America gave John Lewis a grade of 18." (votesmart.org)
  • Rated 0% by Gun Owners of America (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. H Amdt 390. 103th Congress. Instant Background Checks for Gun Purchase Amendment. John Lewis voted Nay on 11/10/1993. (votesmart.org)
  • John R. Lewis. Facebook: Wall. 5 August 2012. "What does it say about our priorities as a nation when we make it harder to vote but easier to own a gun?" (www.facebook.com)
  • John R. Lewis. Twitter: repjohnlewis. 24 July 2012. "How many more people will die as a result of gun violence? The time to act is now." (twitter.com)
  • John Lewis. HR 1025. 103th Congress. Brady Handgun Bill. John Lewis voted Yea on 11/10/1993. (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. HR 2122. 106th Congress. Mandatory Gun Show Background Check Act. John Lewis voted Nay on 06/18/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. HR 125. 104th Congress. Gun Ban Repeal Act of 1995. John Lewis voted Nay on 03/22/1996. (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. H AMDT 1156. 110th Congress. Trigger Lock Amendment. John Lewis voted Nay on 06/28/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. HR 4296. 104th Congress. Regulation of Semi-Automatic Assault Weapons. John Lewis voted Yea on 05/05/1994. (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. HR 6842. 110th Congress. Repealing Portions of the D.C. Firearm Ban. John Lewis voted Nay on 09/17/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence endorsed John Lewis in the 2008 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. S 397. 109th Congress. Firearms Manufacturers Protection Bill. John Lewis voted Nay on 10/20/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. 04/18/2012. "John Lewis supported the interests of the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence 95 percent from 1988-2003 (Senate) or 1991-2003 (House)." (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Allow law-abiding citizens to carry concealed firearms that are legally owned and registered."
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Increase federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms."
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "c) Maintain all federal registration procedures and restrictions on possessing firearms."
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Ban the sale or transfer of all forms of semi-automatic weapons."
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "c) Maintain federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms."
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Favor allowing citizens to carry concealed firearms."
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Increase restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms."
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms."
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Ease procedures on the purchase and registration of firearms."
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Expand the nationwide ban on the sale or transfer of assault weapons to include all forms of semi-automatic weapons."
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms by law-abiding citizens."
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "d) Implement tighter restrictions on firearm sales in an effort to hinder terrorist groups from stockpiling weapon arsenals."
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Repeal all bans and measures that restrict law-abiding citizens from owning legally-obtained firearms."
  • Rated 0% by Gun Owners of America (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Health Care: Do you support repealing the 2010 Affordable Care Act? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • John R. Lewis. Twitter: repjohnlewis. 28 June 2012. "Today's ruling is a victory for every man, woman, and child in our country. Now we must fight to protect this victory from repeal." (twitter.com)
  • John R. Lewis. Rep. John Lewis Speaks Out Against Repeal of Healthcare Reform. 18 July 2012. "The Affordable Care Act was a historic and necessary step to cover ALL Americans. And all the Republicans can say is "REPEAL!" These are the same forces that fought against Medicare and Social Security. People get it! If it were not for Medicare, where would our seniors be? Where would they turn? Health care is a right; and it is not a privilege. Not just for some people, but for ALL people. We cannot and we will not go back." (votesmart.org)
  • American Public Health Association. 04/18/2012. "John Lewis supported the interests of the American Public Health Association 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. HR 2. 112th Congress. Repealing the Health Care Bill. John Lewis voted Nay on 01/19/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • John R. Lewis. Affordable Health Care for America Act. 7 November 2009. "We have a mission. We have a mandate. We have a moral obligation to lead this Nation into a new era where health care is a right and not a privilege. Now is the time. Be on the right side of history, the right side of the sick, the right side of the vulnerable. We have been tracked down by the spirit of history. If we fail to act on health care, if we fail to do what we must do, history will not be kind to any of us. So I say to you, my colleagues: be not afraid. Be not afraid. Be of the courage. The time is always right to do what is right. On this day, at this moment, answer the call of history, and pass health care reform, and pass it today. Pass it now for the people of this country." (votesmart.org)
  • John R. Lewis. Hearing Of The House Ways And Means Committee - Health Reform In The 21st Century: A Conversation With Health And Human Services Secretary Kathleen Sebelius. 6 May 2009. "REP. JOHN LEWIS (D-GA): Thank you very much, Mr. Chairman. Madame Secretary, thank you for being here today. I agree with you very much though that we cannot wait any longer before we pass comprehensive health care for all of our citizens. I happen to believe, as so many others, that health care in our country is a right and it's not a privilege. And that all of our citizens and every person that dwells in America should have adequate and affordable health care. I would like to know from you, is the president committed to passing health care reform this year? SEC. SEBELIUS: Yes, sir REP. LEWIS: That's all I need to know. Thank you very much, Madame Secretary. Thank you, Mr. Chairman." (votesmart.org)
  • John R. Lewis. Rep. John Lewis Applauds Historic Passage Of Health Care Reform. 21 March 2010. "Tonight by a vote of 219 to 212 the U.S. House of Representatives walked into history by passing H.R. 3490, the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, the first federal legislative victory in the cause of health care reform after nearly 100 years of efforts. The House also passed H.R. 4872, the Health Care & Education Affordability Reconciliation Act , by a vote of 220 to 33, which amends the H.R. 3490, the Senate version of the health care bill and reconciles differences between the House and Senate bills. Despite rancor, name-calling, and diversionary tactics, the Democratic majority was able to win the fight to end some of the punishing practices that can leave, even those with health insurance, financially debilitated when they become ill. Rep. John Lewis (D-GA) made this statement tonight during debate in favor of the bill: "Mr. Speaker, this may be the most important vote that we cast as members of this body. We have a moral obligation today to make health care a right, and not a privilege. There are those who have told us to start over. There are those who have told us to wait. They have told us to be patient. We cannot wait, we cannot be patient. The American people need health care, and they need it now. On this day, at this hour, stand with the American people and not with the big insurance companies. On this day, at this moment, in this chamber, answer the call of history and pass health care. Give the American people a victory." (votesmart.org)
  • John R. Lewis. Repealing the Job-Killing Health Care Law Act. 19 January 2011. "Madam Speaker, it is unbelievable that with so many people out of work and millions of people uninsured that the first item of this new Congress is to take health care away from people who just got coverage. More people have insurance today because of the Affordable Care Act; more small businesses are offering health insurance to their workers. For the first time in the history of our Nation, we are headed in the right direction. We are making health care a right and not a privilege. The repeal will force seniors to pay for more drugs. It would kick young people off of their parents' insurance. We will go back to a time when insurance companies were allowed to discriminate. And once again it will allow insurance companies to put profits above patients' health. We must not turn back. We have come too far. We cannot go back. The American people are counting on us to do what is right, what is just, what is fair. We made a promise of health care to the American people. We must keep that promise. Vote ``no.'' Keep the promise of health care for all of our citizens." (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) The federal government has no responsibility in providing health care."
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income." Indicate which principles you support regarding America's health care system. Other or expanded principles: "Efforts to make health care and health insurance available to more people, including reform of the individual insurance market. "
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "i) The federal government has no responsibility in providing health care."
  • "...the Affordable Care Act works." (votesmart.org)
  • John R. Lewis. Twitter: repjohnlewis. 28 June 2012. "Today's ruling is a victory for every man, woman, and child in our country. Now we must fight to protect this victory from repeal." (twitter.com)
  • John R. Lewis. Rep. John Lewis Speaks Out Against Repeal of Healthcare Reform. 18 July 2012. "The Affordable Care Act was a historic and necessary step to cover ALL Americans. And all the Republicans can say is "REPEAL!" These are the same forces that fought against Medicare and Social Security. People get it! If it were not for Medicare, where would our seniors be? Where would they turn? Health care is a right; and it is not a privilege. Not just for some people, but for ALL people. We cannot and we will not go back." (votesmart.org)
  • American Public Health Association. 04/18/2012. "John Lewis supported the interests of the American Public Health Association 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. HR 2. 112th Congress. Repealing the Health Care Bill. John Lewis voted Nay on 01/19/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • John R. Lewis. Affordable Health Care for America Act. 7 November 2009. "We have a mission. We have a mandate. We have a moral obligation to lead this Nation into a new era where health care is a right and not a privilege. Now is the time. Be on the right side of history, the right side of the sick, the right side of the vulnerable. We have been tracked down by the spirit of history. If we fail to act on health care, if we fail to do what we must do, history will not be kind to any of us. So I say to you, my colleagues: be not afraid. Be not afraid. Be of the courage. The time is always right to do what is right. On this day, at this moment, answer the call of history, and pass health care reform, and pass it today. Pass it now for the people of this country." (votesmart.org)
  • John R. Lewis. Hearing Of The House Ways And Means Committee - Health Reform In The 21st Century: A Conversation With Health And Human Services Secretary Kathleen Sebelius. 6 May 2009. "REP. JOHN LEWIS (D-GA): Thank you very much, Mr. Chairman. Madame Secretary, thank you for being here today. I agree with you very much though that we cannot wait any longer before we pass comprehensive health care for all of our citizens. I happen to believe, as so many others, that health care in our country is a right and it's not a privilege. And that all of our citizens and every person that dwells in America should have adequate and affordable health care. I would like to know from you, is the president committed to passing health care reform this year? SEC. SEBELIUS: Yes, sir REP. LEWIS: That's all I need to know. Thank you very much, Madame Secretary. Thank you, Mr. Chairman." (votesmart.org)
  • John R. Lewis. Rep. John Lewis Applauds Historic Passage Of Health Care Reform. 21 March 2010. "Tonight by a vote of 219 to 212 the U.S. House of Representatives walked into history by passing H.R. 3490, the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, the first federal legislative victory in the cause of health care reform after nearly 100 years of efforts. The House also passed H.R. 4872, the Health Care & Education Affordability Reconciliation Act , by a vote of 220 to 33, which amends the H.R. 3490, the Senate version of the health care bill and reconciles differences between the House and Senate bills. Despite rancor, name-calling, and diversionary tactics, the Democratic majority was able to win the fight to end some of the punishing practices that can leave, even those with health insurance, financially debilitated when they become ill. Rep. John Lewis (D-GA) made this statement tonight during debate in favor of the bill: "Mr. Speaker, this may be the most important vote that we cast as members of this body. We have a moral obligation today to make health care a right, and not a privilege. There are those who have told us to start over. There are those who have told us to wait. They have told us to be patient. We cannot wait, we cannot be patient. The American people need health care, and they need it now. On this day, at this hour, stand with the American people and not with the big insurance companies. On this day, at this moment, in this chamber, answer the call of history and pass health care. Give the American people a victory." (votesmart.org)
  • John R. Lewis. Repealing the Job-Killing Health Care Law Act. 19 January 2011. "Madam Speaker, it is unbelievable that with so many people out of work and millions of people uninsured that the first item of this new Congress is to take health care away from people who just got coverage. More people have insurance today because of the Affordable Care Act; more small businesses are offering health insurance to their workers. For the first time in the history of our Nation, we are headed in the right direction. We are making health care a right and not a privilege. The repeal will force seniors to pay for more drugs. It would kick young people off of their parents' insurance. We will go back to a time when insurance companies were allowed to discriminate. And once again it will allow insurance companies to put profits above patients' health. We must not turn back. We have come too far. We cannot go back. The American people are counting on us to do what is right, what is just, what is fair. We made a promise of health care to the American people. We must keep that promise. Vote ``no.'' Keep the promise of health care for all of our citizens." (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) The federal government has no responsibility in providing health care."
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income." Indicate which principles you support regarding America's health care system. Other or expanded principles: "Efforts to make health care and health insurance available to more people, including reform of the individual insurance market. "
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "i) The federal government has no responsibility in providing health care."
  • "...the Affordable Care Act works." (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Immigration: Do you support requiring illegal immigrants to return to their country of origin before they are eligible for citizenship? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • John Lewis. HR 4437. 109th Congress. Border Security Bill. John Lewis voted Nay on 12/16/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • John R. Lewis. Facebook: Wall. 16 June 2012. "I think it is good that President Obama is taking the necessary steps to address the sensitive and complicated issue of immigration while protecting the borders of our great nation. I support the preservation of human rights and dignity and support any effort that aligns with our laws to uphold these values." (www.facebook.com)
  • John R. Lewis. Letter to Janet Napolitano, Secretary, Homeland Security, and Eric H. Holder, Jr., Attorney General. 27 September 2011. "We applaud the August 18, 2011 announcement that the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) plans to close many low-priority immigration deportation proceedings. We especially commend DHS for stating that it will consider the family ties of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people as a factor in determining cases that merit relief from deportation, including for gay and lesbian foreign nationals who are the spouses and partners of U.S. citizens and permanent residents. We write to you today with two requests that will further the enforcement of this important mandate [¦] We ask that consideration of LGBT family ties be communicated in the guidance being prepared by the new DHS/DOJ working group [¦] Additionally, we ask that the working group include a member experienced in working with LGBT immigrants and their families to ensure that these factors are recognized and understood in the working group's case-by-case review of all individuals currently in removal proceedings as well as its review of new cases placed in removal proceedings. The vulnerability of LGBT immigrants -- the historical stigmatization of whom both within and outside the U.S. is well-documented -- makes knowledgeable review a necessity. The announcement on August 18 constitutes a major step forward in ensuring that immigration enforcement resources prioritize enhancing border security, national security, and public safety as well as in exercising discretion when warranted." (votesmart.org)
  • John R. Lewis. Rep. John Lewis on President's Directive on Immigration Policy.18 June 2012. "The action the federal government is taking today is a major step down a very long road that we, as a nation, must travel to reform our immigration system. It is not logical or humane to have 50 different states develop 50 different approaches to immigration policy. It is not a matter for state and local governments; it is a federal issue. And I am glad the president is offering some leadership today by taking a bold and necessary step to begin to right some of the wrongs that have been committed, while simultaneously protecting our borders. This directive affirms that we are a nation of laws and a nation of immigrants." (votesmart.org)
  • John R. Lewis. Twitter: repjohnlewis. 15 June 2012. "I support the President's decision to protect DREAM eligible youth from deportation. Congress should have passed the #DREAM Act long ago." (twitter.com)
  • John R. Lewis. Twitter: repjohnlewis. 15 June 2012. "Why deport smart productive young people who can contribute to our society? I support #DREAMERS" (twitter.com)
  • National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute. 04/18/2012. "John Lewis supported the interests of National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Federation for American Immigration Reform. 04/18/2012. "John Lewis supported the interests of the Federation for American Immigration Reform 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. HR 5281. 112th Congress. DREAM Act. John Lewis voted Yea on 12/08/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Children of illegal immigrants, born in the United States, should not automatically receive US citizenship."
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Children of illegal immigrants, born in the United States, should not automatically receive U.S. citizenship."
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Ease citizenship requirements in order to make it easier for immigrants to become United States citizens."
  • John R. Lewis. Facebook: Wall. 16 June 2012. "I think it is good that President Obama is taking the necessary steps to address the sensitive and complicated issue of immigration while protecting the borders of our great nation. I support the preservation of human rights and dignity and support any effort that aligns with our laws to uphold these values." (www.facebook.com)
  • John R. Lewis. Letter to Janet Napolitano, Secretary, Homeland Security, and Eric H. Holder, Jr., Attorney General. 27 September 2011. "We applaud the August 18, 2011 announcement that the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) plans to close many low-priority immigration deportation proceedings. We especially commend DHS for stating that it will consider the family ties of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people as a factor in determining cases that merit relief from deportation, including for gay and lesbian foreign nationals who are the spouses and partners of U.S. citizens and permanent residents. We write to you today with two requests that will further the enforcement of this important mandate [¦] We ask that consideration of LGBT family ties be communicated in the guidance being prepared by the new DHS/DOJ working group [¦] Additionally, we ask that the working group include a member experienced in working with LGBT immigrants and their families to ensure that these factors are recognized and understood in the working group's case-by-case review of all individuals currently in removal proceedings as well as its review of new cases placed in removal proceedings. The vulnerability of LGBT immigrants -- the historical stigmatization of whom both within and outside the U.S. is well-documented -- makes knowledgeable review a necessity. The announcement on August 18 constitutes a major step forward in ensuring that immigration enforcement resources prioritize enhancing border security, national security, and public safety as well as in exercising discretion when warranted." (votesmart.org)
  • John R. Lewis. Rep. John Lewis on President's Directive on Immigration Policy.18 June 2012. "The action the federal government is taking today is a major step down a very long road that we, as a nation, must travel to reform our immigration system. It is not logical or humane to have 50 different states develop 50 different approaches to immigration policy. It is not a matter for state and local governments; it is a federal issue. And I am glad the president is offering some leadership today by taking a bold and necessary step to begin to right some of the wrongs that have been committed, while simultaneously protecting our borders. This directive affirms that we are a nation of laws and a nation of immigrants." (votesmart.org)
  • John R. Lewis. Twitter: repjohnlewis. 15 June 2012. "I support the President's decision to protect DREAM eligible youth from deportation. Congress should have passed the #DREAM Act long ago." (twitter.com)
  • John R. Lewis. Twitter: repjohnlewis. 15 June 2012. "Why deport smart productive young people who can contribute to our society? I support #DREAMERS" (twitter.com)
  • National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute. 04/18/2012. "John Lewis supported the interests of National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Federation for American Immigration Reform. 04/18/2012. "John Lewis supported the interests of the Federation for American Immigration Reform 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. HR 4437. 109th Congress. Border Security Bill. John Lewis voted Nay on 12/16/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. HR 5281. 112th Congress. DREAM Act. John Lewis voted Yea on 12/08/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Children of illegal immigrants, born in the United States, should not automatically receive US citizenship."
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Children of illegal immigrants, born in the United States, should not automatically receive U.S. citizenship."
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Ease citizenship requirements in order to make it easier for immigrants to become United States citizens."
Yes Inferred Answer Marriage: Do you support same-sex marriage? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • John R. Lewis. Letter To The Honorable President Obama, Majority Leader Reid, Speaker Pelosi, Chairman Schumer, And Chairwoman Lofgren. 9 February 2010. "Currently, U.S. citizens and legal permanent residents may sponsor their spouses (and other immediate family members) for immigration purposes. But, same-sex partners committed to spending their lives together are not recognized as "families" under U.S. immigration law and thus do not have this same right. As a result, tens of thousands of binational families are either already living separately, face imminent separation, or have left the U.S. entirely in order to remain together. This is unacceptable, and we believe comprehensive immigration reform legislation must include a strong family reunification component inclusive of LGBT families." (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. HR 2965. 112th Congress. Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act. John Lewis voted Yea on 12/15/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • John R. Lewis. Marriage Amendment is Political Pandering of the Worst Kind. 5 June 2006. "Rep. John Lewis was deeply dismayed by President Bush's support of the Senate proposal to constitutionally define marriage, as an attempt to ban state recognition of same-sex marriage. "I have fought too long and too hard, "said Rep. John Lewis, "to abolish legalized discrimination in America to be silent when the President of the United States advocates writing it into the U.S. Constitution. This marriage amendment is political pandering of the worst kind. And I think the American people see this Administration's sudden, renewed interest in it for the cynical political ploy that it really is. The American people realize that the only time they hear about the need to protect the sanctity of marriage is during an election season. President Bush and his supporters used this amendment in the last election, and they are using it now, to distract American voters from the missteps of a failed White House." (votesmart.org)
  • American Civil Liberties Union. 04/18/2012. "John Lewis supported the interests of the American Civil Liberties Union 100 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • Human Rights Campaign. 04/18/2012. "John Lewis supported the interests of the Human Rights Campaign 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • American Family Association. 04/18/2012. "John Lewis supported the interests of the American Family Association 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Family Research Council. 04/18/2012. "John Lewis supported the interests of the Family Research Council 0 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. H J Res 88. 110th Congress. Same-Sex Marriage Resolution. John Lewis voted Nay on 07/18/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. HR 3685. 110th Congress. Sexual Orientation Employment Nondiscrimination Act (ENDA). John Lewis voted Yea on 11/07/2007. (votesmart.org)
  • Traditional Values Coalition. 04/18/2012. "John Lewis supported the interests of the Traditional Values Coalition 25 percent in 2006" (votesmart.org)
  • John R. Lewis. Facebook: Wall. 9 May 2012. "Thank you Barack Obama for getting into some good trouble today. I stand with you in support of full marriage equality." (www.facebook.com)
  • John R. Lewis. Pelosi, Nadler, 130 House Members File Amicus Brief on Federal Case Against DOMA. 10 July 2012. "Heightened scrutiny applies: the brief agrees with Justice Department's position that lesbians and gay men are an identifiable minority group that lack sufficient political power to obtain the consistent and favorable treatment of lawmakers; as a result, they need the protection that heightened judicial review provides. Congress's treatment of gay men and lesbians illustrates that this group has been unable to prevent harmful laws or achieve desired policy results that directly impact their lives. Gay men and lesbians are a historically disfavored minority that has often been targeted for legislative action based on stereotypes and bias, making it inappropriate for courts to grant laws like DOMA the same presumption of validity afforded to most acts of Congress. Instead, laws that single out gay men and lesbians for harm warrant judicial skepticism and heightened review. This requires the government to show that Section 3 serves a significant federal interest, and even BLAG seems to concede that it loses under this standard. Even under rational basis as applied by the Supreme Court in cases where the rights of a minority are at stake, Section 3 is unconstitutional. Section 3 does not achieve, but undermines, the actual interests served by the programs that take marital status into account, and denying recognition to couples who already are married under state law does not rationally serve any of the reasons relied upon by Congress in 1996 or created in response to this litigation." (votesmart.org)
  • "You cannot protect equality for one group and allow unequal treatment of another..." (votesmart.org)
  • John R. Lewis. Letter To The Honorable President Obama, Majority Leader Reid, Speaker Pelosi, Chairman Schumer, And Chairwoman Lofgren. 9 February 2010. "Currently, U.S. citizens and legal permanent residents may sponsor their spouses (and other immediate family members) for immigration purposes. But, same-sex partners committed to spending their lives together are not recognized as "families" under U.S. immigration law and thus do not have this same right. As a result, tens of thousands of binational families are either already living separately, face imminent separation, or have left the U.S. entirely in order to remain together. This is unacceptable, and we believe comprehensive immigration reform legislation must include a strong family reunification component inclusive of LGBT families." (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. HR 2965. 112th Congress. Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act. John Lewis voted Yea on 12/15/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • John R. Lewis. Marriage Amendment is Political Pandering of the Worst Kind. 5 June 2006. "Rep. John Lewis was deeply dismayed by President Bush's support of the Senate proposal to constitutionally define marriage, as an attempt to ban state recognition of same-sex marriage. "I have fought too long and too hard, "said Rep. John Lewis, "to abolish legalized discrimination in America to be silent when the President of the United States advocates writing it into the U.S. Constitution. This marriage amendment is political pandering of the worst kind. And I think the American people see this Administration's sudden, renewed interest in it for the cynical political ploy that it really is. The American people realize that the only time they hear about the need to protect the sanctity of marriage is during an election season. President Bush and his supporters used this amendment in the last election, and they are using it now, to distract American voters from the missteps of a failed White House." (votesmart.org)
  • American Civil Liberties Union. 04/18/2012. "John Lewis supported the interests of the American Civil Liberties Union 100 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • Human Rights Campaign. 04/18/2012. "John Lewis supported the interests of the Human Rights Campaign 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • American Family Association. 04/18/2012. "John Lewis supported the interests of the American Family Association 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Family Research Council. 04/18/2012. "John Lewis supported the interests of the Family Research Council 0 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. H J Res 88. 110th Congress. Same-Sex Marriage Resolution. John Lewis voted Nay on 07/18/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. HR 3685. 110th Congress. Sexual Orientation Employment Nondiscrimination Act (ENDA). John Lewis voted Yea on 11/07/2007. (votesmart.org)
  • Traditional Values Coalition. 04/18/2012. "John Lewis supported the interests of the Traditional Values Coalition 25 percent in 2006" (votesmart.org)
  • John R. Lewis. Facebook: Wall. 9 May 2012. "Thank you Barack Obama for getting into some good trouble today. I stand with you in support of full marriage equality." (www.facebook.com)
  • John R. Lewis. Pelosi, Nadler, 130 House Members File Amicus Brief on Federal Case Against DOMA. 10 July 2012. "Heightened scrutiny applies: the brief agrees with Justice Department's position that lesbians and gay men are an identifiable minority group that lack sufficient political power to obtain the consistent and favorable treatment of lawmakers; as a result, they need the protection that heightened judicial review provides. Congress's treatment of gay men and lesbians illustrates that this group has been unable to prevent harmful laws or achieve desired policy results that directly impact their lives. Gay men and lesbians are a historically disfavored minority that has often been targeted for legislative action based on stereotypes and bias, making it inappropriate for courts to grant laws like DOMA the same presumption of validity afforded to most acts of Congress. Instead, laws that single out gay men and lesbians for harm warrant judicial skepticism and heightened review. This requires the government to show that Section 3 serves a significant federal interest, and even BLAG seems to concede that it loses under this standard. Even under rational basis as applied by the Supreme Court in cases where the rights of a minority are at stake, Section 3 is unconstitutional. Section 3 does not achieve, but undermines, the actual interests served by the programs that take marital status into account, and denying recognition to couples who already are married under state law does not rationally serve any of the reasons relied upon by Congress in 1996 or created in response to this litigation." (votesmart.org)
  • "You cannot protect equality for one group and allow unequal treatment of another..." (votesmart.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer National Security: Do you support targeting suspected terrorists outside of official theaters of conflict? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • John R. Lewis. Letter to Chairman McKeon. 10 May 2011 "Among the many troubling aspects of the Detainee Security Act are provisions that expand the war against terrorist organizations on a global basis. The Authorization for the Use of Military Force (AUMF) of 2001 was widely thought to provide authorization for the war in Afghanistan to root out al Qaeda, the Taliban, and others responsible for the 9/11 attacks. That war has dragged on for almost ten years, and after the demise of Osama Bin Laden, as the United States prepares for withdrawal from Afghanistan, the Detainee Security Act purports to expand the 'armed conflict' against the Taliban, al Qaeda, and "associated forces" without limit. By declaring a global war against nameless individuals, organizations, and nations "associated" with the Taliban and al Qaeda, as well as those playing a supporting role in their efforts, the Detainee Security Act would appear to grant the President near unfettered authority to initiate military action around the world without further congressional approval. Such authority must not be ceded to the President without careful deliberation from Congress." (votesmart.org)
  • John R. Lewis. Rep. John Lewis Responds to the Death of Osama bin Laden. 2 May 2011. "I am not one to rejoice in the death of any person, but Osama bin Laden took the lives of thousands of innocent people in this country and around the world. He committed heinous crimes that ended the hopes and dreams of many courageous public servants as well as a group of excited young children and dedicated teachers on a field trip to California. Many people left home for work that day never to return. Today thousands of families are missing their fathers and mothers, sons and daughters due to the violence this man fomented and supported. "His terrorism changed not only individual lives, but it promoted an environment of fear and the need for ever-ready security to assure the defense of this nation and others around the world. Even though there is still a great deal of work left to win the struggle against terrorism, I am hopeful that this important moment will create the willingness to open the door to peace and build a pathway to resolve international differences based on an understanding of the unity of all humankind." (votesmart.org)
  • John R. Lewis. Letter to President Obama. 12 June 2012. "The implications of the use of drones for our national security are profound. They are faceless ambassadors that cause civilian deaths, and are frequently the only direct contact with Americans that the targeted communities have. They can generate powerful and enduring anti-American sentiment. As members of Congress, we are deeply concerned about the full impact of drone strikes." (votesmart.org)
  • John R. Lewis. Issue Position: Iran/Iraq. 20 July 2011. "As a founding Member of the Out of Iraq Caucus and an active Member of the Congressional Progressive Caucus, I oppose war with Iran. I am a cosponsor of legislation opposing preemptive force against Iran and encouraging diplomacy. Also, I have joined with my colleagues in adopting the following position: [¦} No congressional authorization for the use of military force in any Act of Congress previously enacted constitutes an authorization for the use of military force against Iran or its nuclear program either explicitly or implicitly; It will be the policy of the United States as declared by Congress not to enter into a preemptive war against Iran and to contemplate the use of military force only as a last resort and in full accordance with international law and constitutional and statutory requirements for congressional authorization." (votesmart.org)
  • John R. Lewis. Letter to Chairman McKeon. 10 May 2011 "Among the many troubling aspects of the Detainee Security Act are provisions that expand the war against terrorist organizations on a global basis. The Authorization for the Use of Military Force (AUMF) of 2001 was widely thought to provide authorization for the war in Afghanistan to root out al Qaeda, the Taliban, and others responsible for the 9/11 attacks. That war has dragged on for almost ten years, and after the demise of Osama Bin Laden, as the United States prepares for withdrawal from Afghanistan, the Detainee Security Act purports to expand the 'armed conflict' against the Taliban, al Qaeda, and "associated forces" without limit. By declaring a global war against nameless individuals, organizations, and nations "associated" with the Taliban and al Qaeda, as well as those playing a supporting role in their efforts, the Detainee Security Act would appear to grant the President near unfettered authority to initiate military action around the world without further congressional approval. Such authority must not be ceded to the President without careful deliberation from Congress." (votesmart.org)
  • John R. Lewis. Rep. John Lewis Responds to the Death of Osama bin Laden. 2 May 2011. "I am not one to rejoice in the death of any person, but Osama bin Laden took the lives of thousands of innocent people in this country and around the world. He committed heinous crimes that ended the hopes and dreams of many courageous public servants as well as a group of excited young children and dedicated teachers on a field trip to California. Many people left home for work that day never to return. Today thousands of families are missing their fathers and mothers, sons and daughters due to the violence this man fomented and supported. "His terrorism changed not only individual lives, but it promoted an environment of fear and the need for ever-ready security to assure the defense of this nation and others around the world. Even though there is still a great deal of work left to win the struggle against terrorism, I am hopeful that this important moment will create the willingness to open the door to peace and build a pathway to resolve international differences based on an understanding of the unity of all humankind." (votesmart.org)
  • John R. Lewis. Letter to President Obama. 12 June 2012. "The implications of the use of drones for our national security are profound. They are faceless ambassadors that cause civilian deaths, and are frequently the only direct contact with Americans that the targeted communities have. They can generate powerful and enduring anti-American sentiment. As members of Congress, we are deeply concerned about the full impact of drone strikes." (votesmart.org)
  • John R. Lewis. Issue Position: Iran/Iraq. 20 July 2011. "As a founding Member of the Out of Iraq Caucus and an active Member of the Congressional Progressive Caucus, I oppose war with Iran. I am a cosponsor of legislation opposing preemptive force against Iran and encouraging diplomacy. Also, I have joined with my colleagues in adopting the following position: [¦} No congressional authorization for the use of military force in any Act of Congress previously enacted constitutes an authorization for the use of military force against Iran or its nuclear program either explicitly or implicitly; It will be the policy of the United States as declared by Congress not to enter into a preemptive war against Iran and to contemplate the use of military force only as a last resort and in full accordance with international law and constitutional and statutory requirements for congressional authorization." (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Social Security: Do you support allowing individuals to divert a portion of their Social Security taxes into personal retirement accounts? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • John R. Lewis signed Progressive Change Campaign Committee: Social Security Protectors. "Social Security belongs to the people who have worked hard all their lives and contributed to it. Social Security is a promise that must not be broken. We need to strengthen Social Security, not cut it. That is why I oppose any cuts to Social Security benefits, including increasing the retirement age. I also oppose any effort to privatize Social Security, in whole or in part." (socialsecurityprotectors.com)
  • John R. Lewis. Letter to the Honorable Barack Obama, President, the United States of America. 15 October 2010. "We write today to express our strong support for Social Security and our view that it should be strengthened. We oppose any cuts to Social Security benefits, including raising the retirement age. We also oppose any effort to privatize Social Security, in whole or in part." (votesmart.org)
  • John R. Lewis. Issue Position: Social Security. 20 July 2011. "Congressman Lewis has fought many times against those who would cut Social Security or gamble that security in the stock market. He has done his part to uphold this sacred trust for generations yet to come. People are being lulled into believing that Social Security will not be there for the younger generations. This is simply not true. Not only will Social Security survive, it will thrive. The same people saying that Social Security will not survive, are those who are proposing cutting benefits and privatizing the system. Social Security is a guaranteed benefit earned over a lifetime of hard work that should never be subject to the whims of Wall Street, which cost millions of Americans their retirement savings during the Bush financial meltdown. Social Security is more important than ever." (votesmart.org)
  • Alliance for Retired Americans. 04/18/2012. "John Lewis supported the interests of the Alliance for Retired Americans 100 percent in 2008." (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which are managed by the government."
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage."
  • John R. Lewis. Letter to Democratic Leader Pelosi. 25 July 2011. "We write in strong agreement with your unwavering defense of the Democratic programs that form the bedrock of America's middle and working classes, and which are overwhelmingly popular. On July 7, you made very clear that "We are not going to balance the budget on the backs of America's seniors, women and people with disabilities" and that "we do not support cuts in benefits" for vital safety-net programs. We agree completely. Especially in these tough economic times, we should not be cutting Social Security, Medicare, and Medicaid benefits that millions of our constituents paid into and depend on. Such benefit cuts should be off the table in current debt discussions. Our Republican colleagues should be embarrassed by their insistence that unless Social Security, Medicare and Medicaid benefits are cut, the nation will default on its debts. Middle-class families have sacrificed enough, and a deal that pushes the American Dream further out of reach, in order to pay for extending tax breaks for the rich and corporations, is simply unacceptable. We are united as Democrats in saying that it's time to stand up to the Republican hostage-taking. We will not be forced to vote for a "final agreement" that we do not agree to -- and that the American people do not agree to. We stand united with you in insisting that benefit cuts for working families, our seniors, children, and people with disabilities must be off the table, and we stand united with you in fighting for millions of Americans who need Democrats to be firmly on their side." (votesmart.org)
  • John R. Lewis. Letter to Members of the Joint Select Committee on Deficit Reduction. 13 October 2011. "We are writing to request that you protect vital programs that comprise our social safety net, including but not limited to Medicaid, Medicare, and Social Security, as well as the programs that provide economic security and opportunity to millions of Americans [¦] It is imperative that we protect vital safety net programs and programs that provide economic security and opportunity to millions of Americans, including those facing or living in poverty. The Census Bureau released data on September 13, 2011, revealing that 15 percent of Americans -- 46.2 million people across this country -- lived in poverty in 2010. This is the largest number of Americans living in poverty since the Census started collecting this data 52 years ago. For our nation's children under 18, 22 percent lived in poverty in 2010. That is 16.4 million children who do not know where their next meal is coming from, where they might be sleeping that night, and who are anxious overall about their well being and that of their parents." (votesmart.org)
  • John R. Lewis. Letter to the Honorable Barack H. Obama, President of the United States. 21 July 2011. "The current cut in Social Security contributions must be allowed to expire as scheduled. History instructs that any tax cut is politically difficult to terminate. As you know, although the Bush tax cuts were only supposed to last ten years, the debate of today is centered on whether to permanently extend most or permanently extend all of the Bush tax cuts. We are greatly concerned that a permanent extension of the 2011 payroll tax cut would double Social Security's long-range shortfall and make long-term solutions nearly impossible. Americans' contributions to Social Security should be used for Americans' Social Security benefits. To do otherwise flies in the face of the time-tested wisdom of this program, which was established with an independent revenue stream to protect the retirement earnings of America's workers from budgetary politics. We respectfully request that you reject any proposal that includes an extension or expansion of the payroll tax cut." (votesmart.org)
  • John R. Lewis signed Progressive Change Campaign Committee: Social Security Protectors. "Social Security belongs to the people who have worked hard all their lives and contributed to it. Social Security is a promise that must not be broken. We need to strengthen Social Security, not cut it. That is why I oppose any cuts to Social Security benefits, including increasing the retirement age. I also oppose any effort to privatize Social Security, in whole or in part." (socialsecurityprotectors.com)
  • John R. Lewis. Letter to the Honorable Barack Obama, President, the United States of America. 15 October 2010. "We write today to express our strong support for Social Security and our view that it should be strengthened. We oppose any cuts to Social Security benefits, including raising the retirement age. We also oppose any effort to privatize Social Security, in whole or in part." (votesmart.org)
  • John R. Lewis. Issue Position: Social Security. 20 July 2011. "Congressman Lewis has fought many times against those who would cut Social Security or gamble that security in the stock market. He has done his part to uphold this sacred trust for generations yet to come. People are being lulled into believing that Social Security will not be there for the younger generations. This is simply not true. Not only will Social Security survive, it will thrive. The same people saying that Social Security will not survive, are those who are proposing cutting benefits and privatizing the system. Social Security is a guaranteed benefit earned over a lifetime of hard work that should never be subject to the whims of Wall Street, which cost millions of Americans their retirement savings during the Bush financial meltdown. Social Security is more important than ever." (votesmart.org)
  • Alliance for Retired Americans. 04/18/2012. "John Lewis supported the interests of the Alliance for Retired Americans 100 percent in 2008." (votesmart.org)
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which are managed by the government."
  • John Lewis. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Georgia Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage."
  • John R. Lewis. Letter to Democratic Leader Pelosi. 25 July 2011. "We write in strong agreement with your unwavering defense of the Democratic programs that form the bedrock of America's middle and working classes, and which are overwhelmingly popular. On July 7, you made very clear that "We are not going to balance the budget on the backs of America's seniors, women and people with disabilities" and that "we do not support cuts in benefits" for vital safety-net programs. We agree completely. Especially in these tough economic times, we should not be cutting Social Security, Medicare, and Medicaid benefits that millions of our constituents paid into and depend on. Such benefit cuts should be off the table in current debt discussions. Our Republican colleagues should be embarrassed by their insistence that unless Social Security, Medicare and Medicaid benefits are cut, the nation will default on its debts. Middle-class families have sacrificed enough, and a deal that pushes the American Dream further out of reach, in order to pay for extending tax breaks for the rich and corporations, is simply unacceptable. We are united as Democrats in saying that it's time to stand up to the Republican hostage-taking. We will not be forced to vote for a "final agreement" that we do not agree to -- and that the American people do not agree to. We stand united with you in insisting that benefit cuts for working families, our seniors, children, and people with disabilities must be off the table, and we stand united with you in fighting for millions of Americans who need Democrats to be firmly on their side." (votesmart.org)
  • John R. Lewis. Letter to Members of the Joint Select Committee on Deficit Reduction. 13 October 2011. "We are writing to request that you protect vital programs that comprise our social safety net, including but not limited to Medicaid, Medicare, and Social Security, as well as the programs that provide economic security and opportunity to millions of Americans [¦] It is imperative that we protect vital safety net programs and programs that provide economic security and opportunity to millions of Americans, including those facing or living in poverty. The Census Bureau released data on September 13, 2011, revealing that 15 percent of Americans -- 46.2 million people across this country -- lived in poverty in 2010. This is the largest number of Americans living in poverty since the Census started collecting this data 52 years ago. For our nation's children under 18, 22 percent lived in poverty in 2010. That is 16.4 million children who do not know where their next meal is coming from, where they might be sleeping that night, and who are anxious overall about their well being and that of their parents." (votesmart.org)
  • John R. Lewis. Letter to the Honorable Barack H. Obama, President of the United States. 21 July 2011. "The current cut in Social Security contributions must be allowed to expire as scheduled. History instructs that any tax cut is politically difficult to terminate. As you know, although the Bush tax cuts were only supposed to last ten years, the debate of today is centered on whether to permanently extend most or permanently extend all of the Bush tax cuts. We are greatly concerned that a permanent extension of the 2011 payroll tax cut would double Social Security's long-range shortfall and make long-term solutions nearly impossible. Americans' contributions to Social Security should be used for Americans' Social Security benefits. To do otherwise flies in the face of the time-tested wisdom of this program, which was established with an independent revenue stream to protect the retirement earnings of America's workers from budgetary politics. We respectfully request that you reject any proposal that includes an extension or expansion of the payroll tax cut." (votesmart.org)

Key

Candidate Answer

Official Position: Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.

Inferred Answer

Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Project Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.

Unknown Answer

Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue.

Project Vote Smart's Research: Click on this icon to reveal more information about this candidate's position.

Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as the candidate has submitted it. Project Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

Congressional Election 1998 National Political Awareness Test

This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.

The Political Courage Test asks candidates which items they will support if elected. It does not ask them to indicate which items they will oppose. Through extensive research of public polling data, we discovered that voters are more concerned with what candidates would support when elected to office, not what they oppose. If a candidate does not select a response to any part or all of any question, it does not necessarily indicate that the candidate is opposed to that particular item.
Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning abortion.
Xa) Abortions should always be legally available.
b) Abortions should be legal only within the first trimester of pregnancy.
c) Abortions should be legal only when the pregnancy resulted from incest, rape, or when the life of the woman is endangered.
d) Abortions should be legal only when the life of the woman is endangered.
e) Abortions should always be illegal.
f) Abortions should be limited by waiting periods and notification requirements as decided by each state government.
g) Prohibit the late-term abortion procedure known as "partial-birth" abortion.
h) Prohibit public funding of abortions and public funding of organizations that advocate or perform abortions.
i) Other
1) Indicate what levels of federal funding you support for the following categories. Select one number (level) only.
Slightly Increasea) AIDS programs
Slightly Increaseb) Arts funding
Greatly Increasec) Education (K-12)
Slightly Increased) Environmental programs
Slightly Increasee) Foreign aid
Slightly Increasef) Housing projects
Slightly Increaseg) Job training programs
Maintain Statush) Law enforcement
Maintain Statusi) Medicaid
Maintain Statusj) Medicare
Maintain Statusk) NASA
Maintain Statusl) Student loan programs
Slightly Increasem) Welfare
n) Other
o) Other
p) Other
2) Indicate what levels of federal funding you support for the following defense-related categories. Select one number (level) only.
Maintain Statusa) Armed Forces personnel training
Slightly Decreaseb) CIA appropriations
Slightly Increasec) Defense plant conversion
Slightly Decreased) Development of new weapons
Slightly Decreasee) Military hardware
Maintain Statusf) Military space shuttle missions
Slightly Decreaseg) National Missile Defense Program
Slightly Increaseh) Pay for active duty personnel
i) Other

Nuclear Weapons -- Greatly Decrease

No3) Do you support amending the U.S. Constitution to require an annual balanced federal budget?
4) Indicate how you would apply the expected federal budget surplus.
Xa) Social Security
b) Medicare
c) Tax cuts
d) Federal debt reduction
e) Other
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance reform.
a) Remove all legislative limits on campaign financing.
Xb) Establish spending limits on congressional campaigns.
Xc) Provide public funding for federal candidates who comply with campaign spending limits.
d) Support legislation that would increase the federal limits on individual contributions.
Xe) Strengthen and enforce legislation that encourages full and timely disclosure of campaign finance information.
f) Prohibit Political Action Committee (PAC) contributions to candidates for federal office.
Xg) Provide free or low-cost television advertising to candidates who agree to voluntary campaign spending limits.
Xh) Ban the unregulated campaign contributions known as soft money.
Xi) Pass legislation banning issue advocacy commercials by outside groups within 60 days of an election.
j) Prohibit non-U.S. citizens from making contributions to federal campaigns.
k) Other
Indicate which principles you support (if any) to address crime.
a) Broaden use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
b) Increase spending to build more federal prisons.
c) Impose "truth in sentencing" for violent criminals so they serve full sentences with no chance of parole.
Xd) Fund programs to provide prison inmates with vocational and job-related skills and job-placement assistance when released.
Xe) Expand funding for community policing programs.
Xf) Increase penalties for the possession of any illegal firearms.
g) Prosecute youths accused of a felony as adults.
Xh) Increase funding for local Boys & Girls Clubs and other independent organizations in communities with at-risk youth.
Xi) Reduce prison sentences for those who commit non-violent crimes.
j) Deport all permanent resident aliens convicted of a felony.
k) Other
Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning illegal drugs.
a) Increase penalties for selling illegal drugs.
b) Impose mandatory jail sentences for selling illegal drugs.
c) Impose capital punishment for convicted international drug traffickers.
d) Strengthen current laws dealing with non-controlled substances, including inhalants and commercially available pills.
Xe) Increase funding of federally-sponsored drug education and drug treatment programs.
f) Decriminalize the use of marijuana for medicinal purposes.
g) Increase funding for border security to stop the flow of illegal drugs into the U.S.
h) Other
1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the economy and employment.
Xa) Provide tax credits for companies that move job-creating industries into areas with high unemployment.
Xb) Increase funding for national job-training programs that re-train displaced workers or teach skills needed in today's job market.
c) Reduce government regulations on the private sector in order to encourage investment and economic expansion.
Xd) Establish empowerment zones in areas with large numbers of unemployed people.
e) Eliminate any federal programs designed to reduce unemployment.
Xf) Increase the minimum wage.
Xg) Pass legislation that encourages employers to offer their employees the options of flex-time scheduling, comp-time and unpaid leave to attend to their family responsibilities.
Xh) Provide tax credits for businesses that provide on-site child care.
2) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding affirmative action and discrimination.
a) The federal government should consider race and sex in making government contracting decisions.
Xb) The federal government should continue affirmative action programs only if such programs do not include quotas.
c) The federal government should discontinue affirmative action programs.
Xd) The federal government should prosecute cases of discrimination in the public sector.
Xe) The federal government should prosecute cases of discrimination in the private sector.
Xf) The federal government should include sexual orientation in its anti-discrimination laws.
g) Other
1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning education.
a) Support national standards and testing in reading and math.
b) Allow parents to use vouchers to send their children to any publicly funded school.
c) Allow parents to use vouchers to send their children to any participating school: public, private or religious.
d) Allow parents to use tax-free savings accounts to send their children to any publicly funded school.
e) Allow parents to use tax-free savings accounts to send their children to any participating school: public, private or religious.
Xf) Support creation of more charter schools where teachers and professionals receive authorization and funding to establish new schools.
g) Give all federal education funding to states in the form of block grants and allow them to spend it as they see fit.
h) Support voluntary teacher testing and reward teachers with merit pay.
i) Increase funding for block grants to states to help them hire additional teachers.
j) Other
No2) Do you support amending the U.S. Constitution to guarantee the right to religious expression and voluntary prayer in public places, including schools?
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding America's environment and natural resources.
a) Require the state to fully compensate citizens when environmental regulations limit uses on privately owned land.
Xb) Strengthen the Clean Water Act.
c) Change the Endangered Species Act of 1973 to limit the number of habitats eligible to be designated as endangered.
Xd) Increase fees charged to ranchers who graze cattle on federal lands.
Xe) Revise the 1872 mining law to increase the fees charged to mining companies using federal lands.
Xf) Encourage development of alternative fuels to reduce pollution.
Xg) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline or diesel powered engines, including cars and trucks.
Xh) Increase federal taxes on gasoline and diesel fuels to promote conservation and alternative fuel development.
i) Promote the selling of pollution credits between nations to encourage industries to decrease pollution levels.
Xj) Impose stricter national air quality standards.
Xk) Adhere to the United Nations treaty regarding global climate change.
Xl) Strengthen the restrictions on clear-cutting on federal lands.
m) Other
Indicate which level of government that should have primary responsibility for the following services. Select one level only.
Federala) Border security
Federalb) Civil rights enforcement
Statec) Education
Federald) Environmental cleanup
Statee) Job training
Localf) Law enforcement
Federalg) Low-income housing
Federalh) Medicaid
Federali) Medicare
Localj) Transportation infrastructure (highways, roads, bridges)
Federalk) Welfare
l) Other
1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Bosnia/former Yugoslavia.
a) The U.S. should lift the arms embargo against Bosnia-Herzegovina.
b) The U.S. should maintain a military presence in Bosnia-Herzegovina with a certain deadline for withdrawal.
Xc) The U.S. should maintain a military presence in Bosnia-Herzegovina without a certain deadline for withdrawal.
d) Other
2) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the Middle East.
a) The U.S. should resolve future disputes with Iraq through diplomatic means.
b) The U.S. should take unilateral military action if Iraq does not comply with all accepted UN resolutions.
c) The U.S. should take military action against Iraq only as part of an international effort.
d) The U.S. should not continue to play a prominent leadership role in the peace process between Israel and Palestine.
Xe) Other

Force against Iraq may be justified under certain circumstances

3) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the United States-United Nations relationship.
Xa) The U.S. should contribute more funding and troops to United Nations peacekeeping missions.
b) The U.S. should contribute less funding and troops to United Nations peacekeeping missions.
c) The U.S. should participate in UN peacekeeping missions only when vital U.S. interests are involved.
d) The U.S. should not commit military troops to UN peacekeeping missions.
e) The U.S. should withdraw from the UN completely.
Xf) The U.S. should pay its debt to the United Nations.
g) Other
Yes4) Should the U.S. have diplomatic and trade relations with Cuba?
Undecided5) Should the U.S. recognize and extend full diplomatic relations to Taiwan?
Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning gun issues.
a) Ban the sale or transfer of all forms of semi-automatic weapons.
Xb) Increase federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms.
Xc) Maintain federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms.
d) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms.
e) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms by law-abiding citizens.
f) Favor allowing citizens to carry concealed firearms.
Xg) Require manufacturers to provide child-safety locks with firearms.
h) Other
1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health issues in America.
a) The federal government has no responsibility in providing health care.
Xb) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income.
Xc) Implement a government-financed, single-payer national health care system similar to that of Canada.
Xd) Support health care strategies focused on prevention, including health education and natural medicines and remedies.
Xe) Support legislation to define and enforce the rights of insured patients, including greater access to specialists and emergency rooms, wider choice of health care providers, and appeal mechanisms when claims are denied.
Xf) Allow small business owners, the self-employed and workers whose employers do not provide health insurance to have the same deductibility for health costs as corporations and large employers.
g) Expand eligibility for tax-free medical savings accounts, which would be taxed if used for any purpose other than medical costs.
h) Establish limits on the amount of damages awarded in medical malpractice lawsuits.
Xi) Allow states and local communities to use federal funds for needle-exchange programs to combat the spread of HIV.
Xj) Classify nicotine as a drug and cigarettes as drug delivery devices, which should be regulated by the Federal Food and Drug Administration.
Xk) Provide citizens age 55-65 the option of purchasing Medicare health coverage.
Other
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding immigration.
a) Decrease the number of immigrants allowed into the country.
b) Increase the eligibility of legal immigrants for certain social programs (i.e. HUD housing, food stamps).
Xc) Require the Immigration and Naturalization Service to reduce to six months the time between applying for citizenship and taking the oath of allegiance.
Xd) Provide extra federal aid to states with higher numbers of immigrants for necessary medical and social services.
e) Prohibit states from passing laws that deny human services (medical care, education) to illegal immigrants or their children.
f) Children of illegal immigrants, born in the United States, should not automatically receive U.S. citizenship.
g) Increase the immigration quota for computer scientists and other information technology workers.
h) Establish English as the official and recognized language of the United States government.
i) Other
The American people have consistently mentioned the decline of morals and ethics in America as a major problem facing the country. On an attached page, in fifty words or less, explain what you will do as a member of Congress to address this concern.
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Social Security.
a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage.
b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which are managed by the government.
c) Invest Social Security's assets collectively in stocks and bonds instead of U.S. Treasury securities.
d) Increase the payroll tax to finance the program in its current form.
Xe) Invest a portion of the budget surplus into the Social Security trust fund.
f) Increase the minimum age that determines when retirees are able to receive full Social Security benefits.
g) Lower Social Security's annual cost-of-living increases.
h) Limit Social Security benefits based on recipients' other income and assets.
i) Require individuals to pay the Social Security tax on income above $68,400, which is currently exempt.
j) Other
1) Indicate the levels you support concerning taxes in the following categories. Select one number (level) only.
Income Taxes:
Maintain Statusa) Retiree income over $40,000
Slightly Decreaseb) Family income less than $25,000
Maintain Statusc) Family income $25-75,000
Maintain Statusd) Family income $75-150,000
Maintain Statuse) Family income over $150,000
Other Tax Issues:
Maintain Statusf) Alcohol taxes
Maintain Statusg) Capital gains taxes
Maintain Statush) Charitable deductions
Maintain Statusi) Child tax credit
Greatly Increasej) Cigarette taxes
Maintain Statusk) Corporate income taxes
Maintain Statusl) Earned Income Tax Credit
Maintain Statusm) Estate taxes
Maintain Statusn) Medical expense deductions
Maintain Statuso) Mortgage deductions
p) Other
q) Other
No2) Do you support replacing the U.S. income tax structure with a flat income tax?
No3) Do you support eliminating the Internal Revenue Service?
No4) Do you support instituting a national sales tax?
Yes5) Should a married couple filing jointly pay the same taxes as if they were an unmarried couple filing separately?
No6) Do you support requiring a super-majority vote in both houses of Congress to raise taxes?
7) Other
No1) Do you support amending the Constitution to limit the number of terms which members of Congress can serve?
If you support term limits, how many terms should each serve?
Senator (# of 6 yr. terms)
Representatives (# of 2 yr. terms)
No1) Do you support the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)?
No2) Do you support broadening NAFTA to include other countries in the western hemisphere?
No3) Do you support the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)?
Yes4) Do you support the World Trade Organization (WTO)?
Yes5) Do you support imposing tariffs on products imported from nations that maintain restrictive trade barriers on American products?
Yes6) Should a nation's human rights record affect its "most favored nation" trading status with the United States?
No7) Do you support granting the President "fast-track" authority?
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding poverty and the welfare system.
Xa) Provide tax incentives for companies to hire and train homeless people who want to work.
b) Increase funding of homeless shelters and low income housing projects.
c) Increase funds for housing assistance for welfare recipients who need housing to get or keep a job.
d) Provide homeless families with apartment vouchers they can use to supplement the cost of an apartment.
e) Continue to give states and local governments responsibility for welfare programs through block grants.
f) Eliminate federal funds for welfare programs at the federal, state or local levels.
g) Maintain current welfare-to-work requirements in order for states to qualify for block grants.
h) Convert government-funded low-income housing projects into private housing, managed and owned by the residents.
i) Require that unwed teenage mothers live with a parent or guardian (if possible) and attend school to receive benefits.
j) Other
Please explain what your two main legislative priorities will be if elected. Please explain how you would obtain any additional government funding needed to implement these priorities.
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