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David T. Dreier

David Dreier's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)

Full Name: David T. Dreier
Gender: Male
Family: Single
Birth Date: 07/05/1952
Birth Place: Kansas City, MO
Home City: San Dimas, CA
Religion: Christian Scientist
Project Vote Smart does not permit the use of its name or programs in any campaign activity, including advertising, debates, and speeches.
David Dreier refused to tell citizens where he stands on any of the issues addressed in the 2010 Political Courage Test, despite repeated requests from Vote Smart, national media, and prominent political leaders.

What is the Political Courage Test?

Issue Positions

In response to the increasing unwillingness of candidates to answer issue questions, Project Vote Smart has researched Presidential and Congressional candidates' public records to determine candidates' likely responses on certain key issues. These issue positions, from the year 2010, are provided below as a courtesy to voters.

Pro-life Inferred Answer Abortion Issues: Do you consider yourself pro-choice or pro-life? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • National Right to Life Committee. 2009. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. David T. Dreier supported the interests of the National Right to Life Committee 100 percent in 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Planned Parenthood. 2008. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. David T. Dreier supported the interests of Planned Parenthood 0 percent in 2008. (votesmart.org)
  • David T. Dreier. H Amdt 209 to HR 1815. 109th Congress. An amendment numbered 12 printed in House Report 109-96 to lift the current ban on privately funded abortions at U.S. military facilities overseas. Project Vote Smart Summary: David T. Dreier voted NO on 25 May 2005. (votesmart.org)
  • David T. Dreier. H Amdt 509 to HR 3962. 111th Congress. An amendment printed in Part C of House Report 111-330 to codify the Hyde Amendment in H.R. 3962. The amendment prohibits federal funds for abortion services in the public option. It also prohibits individuals who receive affordability credits from purchasing a plan that provides elective abortions. However, it allows individuals, both who receive affordability credits and who do not, to separately purchase with their own funds plans that cover elective abortions. It also clarifies that private plans may still offer elective abortions. Project Vote Smart Summary: David T. Dreier voted YES on 7 November 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • David T. Dreier. HR 3660. 106th Congress. To amend title 18, United States Code, to ban partial-birth abortions. Project Vote Smart Summary: David T. Dreier voted YES on 4 May 2000. (votesmart.org)
  • David T. Dreier. HR 760. 108th Congress. To prohibit the procedure commonly known as partial-birth abortion. Project Vote Smart Summary: David T. Dreier voted YES on 4 June 2003. (votesmart.org)
  • David T. Dreier. S 3. 108th Congress. A bill to prohibit the procedure commonly known as partial-birth abortion. Project Vote Smart Summary: David T. Dreier voted Not Voting- on 2 October 2003. (votesmart.org)
  • NARAL Pro-Choice America. 2009. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. David T. Dreier supported the interests of NARAL Pro-Choice America 0 percent in 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • David Dreier. MSNBC Tucker-Transcript. 15 February 2007. "DREIER: But I consider myself libertarian on the issue of abortion. I want the federal government to stay out of it." (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Budget, Spending, and Tax Issues: Do you support the elimination of the federal estate tax? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • David T. Dreier. HR 8. 108th Congress. To make the repeal of the estate tax permanent. Project Vote Smart Summary: David T. Dreier voted YES on 13 April 2005. (votesmart.org)
  • David T. Dreier. HR 5638. 109th Congress. To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to increase the unified credit against the estate tax to an exclusion equivalent of $5,000,000 and to repeal the sunset provision for the estate and generation-skipping taxes, and for other purposes. Project Vote Smart Summary: David T. Dreier voted YES on 22 June 2006. (votesmart.org)
  • National Taxpayers Union. 2009. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. David T. Dreier supported the interests of the National Taxpayers Union 80 percent in 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • David T. Dreier. Dreier Votes for Permanent Estate Tax Relief. 22 June 2006. "'The death tax is wrong, it's unfair, and it's past time it be put to rest,' Dreier said. 'The House has voted many times to end it completely. Unfortunately, the Senate has been unable to pass the same approach. However, this bill provides significant estate tax relief and will make it permanent. The key here is certainty. A looming expiration of estate tax relief creates a sense of uncertainty in the tax code, uncertainty that makes planning more difficult for small business owners and family farmers. This uncertainty hurts our economy by discouraging investment. While I'd prefer a complete elimination of this onerous tax, I believe providing significant, permanent relief is critical.'" (votesmart.org)
  • David T. Dreier. Issue Position: Tax Relief. "The 2005 Death Tax Repeal Permanency Act (HR 8 ), which would forever abolish the Death Tax. Currently, the Death Tax is scheduled to return in 2011. This undermines prudent estate planning, places an enormous burden on family-owned businesses and costs Americans jobs." (votesmart.org)
  • David T. Dreier. Getting Our Fiscal House In Order. 10 March 2010. "Enactment of legislation I introduced, H.R. 99, the Fair and Simple Tax (FAST) Act, would also reduce the tax burden on working Americans. FAST simplifies our tax code by giving taxpayers the option to use a straightforward, one page tax form. The FAST Act preserves vital deductions including mortgage interest and the child tax credit while eliminating the estate tax and reducing the capital gains tax." (votesmart.org)
  • David T. Dreier. Tax Simplification, Reductions Needed To Spur Job Growth. 21 April 2010. "To assist working families and small businesses, I introduced legislation, H.R. 99, the Fair and Simple Tax (FAST) Act. This legislation reduces marginal rates, repeals the death tax once and for all, and lowers the capital gains tax rate." (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Budget, Spending, and Tax Issues: Do you support using government funds in an effort to stimulate and improve the economy? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • David T. Dreier. HR 1. 111th Congress. Making supplemental appropriations for job preservation and creation, infrastructure investment, energy efficiency and science, assistance to the unemployed, and State and local fiscal stabilization, for fiscal year ending September 30, 2009, and for other purposes. Project Vote Smart Summary: David T. Dreier voted NO on 13 February 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Club for Growth. 2008. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. David T. Dreier supported the interests of the Club for Growth 70 percent in 2008. (votesmart.org)
  • David T. Dreier. HR 1424. 111th Congress. To provide authority for the Federal Government to purchase and insure certain types of troubled assets for the purposes of providing stability to and preventing disruption in the economy and financial system and protecting taxpayers, to amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to provide incentives for energy production and conservation, to extend certain expiring provisions, to provide individual income tax relief, and for other purposes. Project Vote Smart Summary: David T. Dreier voted YES on 10 March 2008. (votesmart.org)
  • David T. Dreier. Emergency Economic Stabilization Act. 6 October 2008. "Yesterday, I reluctantly voted to approve the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act. This is not a vote I wanted to make, but it is one I ultimately decided was necessary to keep our economic crisis from worsening. The stock market plunge of more than 777 points after the vote failed was a sign that the emergency is real. That doesn't just hurt Wall Street, it hurts Main Street as well. Our retirements, college funds, small businesses, and homes are being threatened by this crisis. Just yesterday, I heard from a small business owner in the San Gabriel Valley who had lost his line of credit and was concerned about making payroll. That's what's at the heart of this crisis - small business owners and consumers facing a potential credit freeze across our economy." (votesmart.org)
  • David T. Dreier. Passage of the Economic Rescue Package. 9 October 2008. "For the second time this week, Congress considered a plan to unclog our banking system and unfreeze our credit markets. I know that the anger about this action is deep and real. Responsible taxpayers who pay their mortgages on time and don't spend beyond their means do not want to pay for the abuses and bad decisions of predatory lenders, Wall Street executives and irresponsible individuals. I agree completely. That is why I fought so hard for a bill that wouldn't leave the taxpayers on the hook for restoring our credit markets. I said NO to a bailout for Wall Street, no to golden parachutes for bums who caused this problem, no to a blank check for Secretary Paulson, no to taxpayer funding for partisan groups like ACORN, no to allowing judges to reduce the value of our homes, no to mandating union leaders to serve on boards of private business, no to government manipulation of the housing market. I fought for and voted YES for a plan to unclog the banking system, yes to increased protection for family and small business savings, yes to ensure that sons and daughters have access to student loans so they can get a college education, and most important of all, yes to guaranteeing that the taxpayer dollars are going to be repaid in full and made whole. Today's bill is rightly called a rescue bill. But who are we rescuing? It's not the fat cats. Today we are focused on the working Americans whose livelihoods are threatened by our current economic downturn. Small businesses are losing their lines of credit. Families who have saved for a down payment for years are unable to get home loans. Parents and students are finding it difficult to get loans for college tuition. Those nearing retirement have seen their nest eggs evaporate as the stock market has fallen. It's not just the irresponsible who are suffering. Today's credit crunch is hurting businesses and individuals indiscriminately. It is bringing our engines of growth to a grinding halt and shutting hardworking Americans out of their dreams. This bill is not a bailout for Wall Street. It is a plan for restoring job creation and opportunity throughout our entire economy." (votesmart.org)
  • David T. Dreier. Issue Position: Economic Security. "As our economy continues to struggle, with the job market lagging even further behind, families across Southern California are facing tough decisions. Congressman Dreier is committed to getting our economy back on track. He is a staunch believer that an irresponsible expansion of wasteful government programs and out-of-control spending will only impede our economic recovery. Instead, Congressman Dreier believes that we must restore fiscal discipline, keep tax burdens low, provide incentives for savings and investment, empower small businesses to grow and hire new workers, and help workers find the job and training opportunities they need. He has also supported a responsible extension of unemployment insurance, which is critical to helping families make it through tough times." (votesmart.org)
  • David T. Dreier. Issue Position: Reining in Government Spending. "Government spending is completely out of control. Last year the deficit reached $1.4 trillion and our national debt exceeded $7.5 trillion. Taxpayers already pay nearly $200 billion a year just to cover the interest on our debt, and that number is set to grow exponentially in the coming years. This kind of reckless spending is dangerous today, but will be disastrous for our future. If we do not reverse course, future generations of Americans will be crippled by the national debt. Credit will become ever scarcer, stifling our economy and driving up unemployment. Americans will see more and more of their hard-earned paychecks disappear each month to pay for wasteful government spending and the ever-growing interest on our debt as a nation. Congressman Dreier is firmly committed to putting an end to this reckless spending and restoring fiscal discipline and accountability to the federal budget. Every penny of the taxpayers' dollars must be spent wisely or returned to the taxpayers. Wasteful programs must be cut, transparency must be restored and the federal government must learn to live within its means, just like the rest of us." (votesmart.org)
  • David T. Dreier. Dreier Votes To Support Small Businesses. 29 October 2009. "Dreier said that in addition to programs like these, we must also put in place pro-growth policies that provide direct and immediate help for small businesses. He continued, "I, along with several of my colleagues, have put forth a small business stimulus package that will provide small firms with the resources they need to grow their businesses and put more Americans to work." (votesmart.org)
  • David T. Dreier. Issue Position: Supporting Working Americans and Homeowners. "Congressman Dreier is committed to ensuring that borrowers are protected from predatory lending and able to access the resources they need stay in their homes. Over the last several years, Congressman Dreier has supported: H.R. 5140, the Economic Stimulus Act of 2008 (P.L. 110-185) which: * Provides 132 million American taxpayers with approximately $150 million in stimulus payments to inject money into the economy." (votesmart.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Business and Employment Issues: Do you support privatizing elements of Social Security? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Despite exhaustive research, Project Vote Smart was unable to find information about this candidate's position.
Yes Inferred Answer Crime Issues: Do you support capital punishment for certain crimes? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • David T. Dreier. H Amdt 497 to HR 2181. 105th Congress. An amendment to add a new section which provides that in further consideration of death sentence recommendations, life imprisonment shall be imposed instead, if the court has any doubt that a defendent actually committed the offense. Project Vote Smart Summary: David T. Dreier voted NO on 25 February 1998. (votesmart.org)
  • Citizens United for the Rehabilitation of Errants. 2005-2006. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. David T. Dreier supported the interests of the Citizens United for the Rehabilitation of Errants 20 percent in 2005-2006. (votesmart.org)
  • David T. Dreier. House Judiciary Committee Makes Murder of a Peace Officer a Federal Crime. 27 October 2005. "Congressman David Dreier (R-San Dimas, CA), Chairman of the House Rules Committee, praised action by the House Judiciary Committee today to make the murder of a peace officer a federal crime. The Secure Access to Justice and Court Protection Act, H.R. 1751, was approved with bipartisan support, 26-5...Under H.R. 1751, this crime is punishable by the death penalty, life imprisonment, or a mandatory minimum of 30 years in prison." (votesmart.org)
  • David T. Dreier. Dreier Hails Passage of "Gangbusters" Bill. 12 May 2005. "'H.R. 1279 authorizes nearly $400 million in funding to create gang enforcement teams consisting of federal, state and local authorities, hire additional prosecutors and maintain gang information databases. Under the bill, gang members who commit crimes resulting in death will serve life in prison or face the death penalty. In addition, most violent crimes will be punishable by at least ten years in jail, with at least thirty years in jail for kidnaping [sic], maiming, or violent sexual assault.'" (votesmart.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Education Issues: Do you support federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Home School Legal Defense Association. 1999-2000. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. David T. Dreier supported the interests of the Home School Legal Defense Association 60 percent in 1999-2000. (votesmart.org)
  • David T. Dreier. HR 1. 107th Congress. To close the achievement gap with accountability, flexibility, and choice, so that no child is left behind. Project Vote Smart Summary: David T. Dreier voted YES on 23 May 2001. (votesmart.org)
  • David T. Dreier. Issue Position: Dedicated to Parents, Students, Schools and Educators. "Voted to increase funding for Pell Grants by more than $800 million to give students the chance to realize the academic dreams. (H.R. 3010, 109th Congress) *Voted to for $184 million in funding to train more math and science teachers so American students can keep pace in the high-tech, global economy. (H.R. 3010, 109th Congress) *Voted for the The College Access and Opportunity Act of 2005, which enhanced higher education access to students of all ages and means. Congressman Dreier co-sponsored an amendment to this legislation which would ensure math, science and foreign languages programs were expanded and upgraded so that the next generation of American workers will have the skills to excel. The amendment was approved with bipartisan support. (H.R. 609, 109th Congress)" (votesmart.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Environment and Energy Issues: Do you support enacting environmental regulations aimed at reducing the effects of climate change? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • David T. Dreier. HR 2454. 111th Congress. To create clean energy jobs, achieve energy independence, reduce global warming pollution and transition to a clean energy economy. Project Vote Smart Summary: David T. Dreier voted NO on 26 June 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Environment America. 2009. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. David T. Dreier supported the interests of Environment America 7 percent in 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • David T. Dreier. Issue Position: Energy Security. "Energy is an issue that affects our economy, our national security and the environment. In order to bring prices down in a significant way and end our dependence on foreign oil from dangerous countries, we need to pursue American-made energy and achieve true energy security. Congressman Dreier supports a comprehensive approach of pursuing alternative energy sources like solar, nuclear, coal-to-liquid, wind power and deep-water exploration, as well as increased refinery capacity. His record reflects a commitment to pursuing energy in an environmentally responsible way, utilizing advances in technology in order to minimize the impact on our environment. Dreier has also stood up for consumers by supporting legislation that provides tax incentives for alternative energy investment." (votesmart.org)
  • David T. Dreier. Global Warming Or Climate Change. 8 December 2009. "So Mr. Kucinich and I have joined to introduce a resolution calling for the tariff-free export of all green technology. Now, I believe that that would create jobs in this country, and it would go a long way towards helping us in our quest to deal with overall environmental issues. And so while there is a wide range of views on this issue of global climate change, I do believe that it's important for us to know that improving our environment is something we can come together on. And I'd like to congratulate my friend and say that I hope that in a bipartisan way we can encourage entities like the World Trade Organization to negotiate a worldwide agreement that would allow green technology to be exported to all parts of the world." (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Gun Issues: Do you support restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. 2003. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. David T. Dreier supported the interests of the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence 0 percent from 1991 and 2003. (votesmart.org)
  • Gun Owners of America. 2010. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. In 2010 Gun Owners of America gave David T. Dreier a grade of A-. (votesmart.org)
  • David T. Dreier. HR 1025. 103rd Congress. To provide for a waiting period before the purchase of a handgun, and for the establishment of a national instant criminal background check system to be contacted by firearms dealers before the transfer of any firearm. Project Vote Smart Summary: David T. Dreier voted NO on 10 November 1993. (votesmart.org)
  • David T. Dreier. HR 4296. 103rd Congress. To make unlawful the transfer or possession of assault weapons. Project Vote Smart Summary: David T. Dreier voted NO on 5 May 1994. (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Health Issues: Do you support a publicly-administered health insurance option? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • David T. Dreier. Issue Position: Healthcare Reform. "To achieve these goals of greater control and more affordable access, I believe that we should embrace consumer-driven healthcare initiatives that will allow greater individual access to, and management of, health plans. Congress has already taken an important step in that direction by creating the Health Savings Account (HSA) in 2003, with my support. HSAs are tax-free savings accounts that allow individuals and families to save for their healthcare needs. These accounts make medical expenses like co-pays and prescription costs more affordable. And because these tax-free savings can rollover from one year to the next, families are able to prepare for future medical expenses and lessen the financial burden on their monthly budgets." (dreier.house.gov)
  • American Public Health Association. 2009. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. David T. Dreier supported the interests of the American Public Health Association 22 percent in 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • David T. Dreier. HR 3962. 111th Congress. To provide affordable, quality health care for all Americans and reduce the growth in health care spending, and for other purposes. Project Vote Smart Summary: David T. Dreier voted NO on 7 November 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • David T. Dreier. Issue Position: Healthcare. "Congressman Dreier believes access to quality, affordable healthcare coverage can and should be available to every American, regardless of any preexisting conditions. Healthcare reform must give individuals and families the freedom to choose the plan that meets their needs and allows those who like their current coverage to keep it. Congress needs to come together to support meaningful reform of our healthcare system and produce legislation that improves access, lowers costs and increases the quality of care for all Americans. Congressman Dreier opposed the Democrat's proposed government takeover of healthcare." (votesmart.org)
  • David T. Dreier. Dreier Votes To Prohibit Use Of "Slaughter Solution" For Healthcare Bill. 18 March 2010. 'Despite the unprecedented outcry, from even some of their own members, the Democratic Majority seems determined to use the Slaughter Solution to push their government takeover of our healthcare system over the objections of the American people,' Dreier said." (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Immigration Issues: Do you support a pathway to citizenship for illegal immigrants? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • David T Dreier. The Illegal Immigration Enforcement and Social Security Protection Act of 2009 HR 98. "Congressman Dreier has long supported efforts to fight illegal immigration, including enhanced border policing efforts, enforcement of laws against the hiring of undocumented immigrants, improved technology at the border, and a doubling in the size of the Border Patrol. Congressman Dreier opposes blanket amnesties that have the potential to undermine efforts to deter illegal immigration. In fact, Congressman Dreier voted against the 1986 Immigration Reform and Control Act because it granted amnesty to millions of illegal immigrants." (dreier.house.gov)
  • Federation for American Immigration Reform. 2007-2008. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. David T. Dreier supported the interests of the Federation for American Immigration Reform 62 percent in 2007-2008. (votesmart.org)
  • National Latino Congreso. 2007-2010. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. David T. Dreier supported the interests of the National Latino Congreso 14 percent in 2007-2010. (votesmart.org)
  • David T. Dreier. Issue Position: Immigration - Enhancing Border Security. "I am opposed to amnesty and believe that we must first enhance our border security to reform our immigration system." (votesmart.org)
  • David T. Dreier. Issue Position: Fighting Illegal Immigration. "Illegal immigration remains a critical problem, especially in Southern California, and Congressman Dreier remains committed to confronting it. Dreier has a longstanding record of fighting illegal immigration and bringing resources back to California from Washington for the effort. He has also authored key legislation to crack down on document fraud and end the magnet of jobs that draws illegal immigrants across the border. Dreier has stood up to efforts in Congress to undermine the effort against illegal immigration and has always stood fast against amnesty." (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer International Policy Issues: Do you support United States military action in Afghanistan? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • David T. Dreier. HR 4899. 111th Congress. Supplemental Appropriations Act. Project Vote Smart Summary: David T. Dreier voted NO on Requiring Timetable for Withdrawal from Afghanistan on 1 July 2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Peace Action West. 2009. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. David T. Dreier supported the interests of Peace Action West 8 percent in 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • David T. Dreier. HR 4899. 111th Congress. Supplemental Appropriations Act. Project Vote Smart Summary: David T. Dreier voted NO on Limiting Afghanistan Military Funding to Withdrawal and Other Specified Purposes on 1 July 2010. (votesmart.org)
  • David T. Dreier. Dreier Applauds Bush's State of the Union Address. 31 January 2006. "The President's remarks on the war on terror and Iraq and Afghanistan were resolute and necessary as our country continues this critical fight. Our troops and the Iraqi and Afghan people have made incredible progress over the past four years. We need to stay focused. We need to see this through. We have a plan for victory - strong and stable governments and the security forces necessary to defend them - that it is being achieved, slowly but surely. The fight against terrorism must be won, and is being won, thanks to the leadership of this President." (votesmart.org)
  • David T. Dreier. Issue Position: The Global War on Terror. "Thanks to the bravery and skill of our troops, the 50 million people of Afghanistan and Iraq are free, and the American people are safer. Today in Afghanistan, the terror camps are closed and women and children are becoming full fledged members of society. More than 10 million people registered to vote in their October 2004 presidential election. In September 2005, Afghans held another successful election, this time for their new parliament." (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Social Issues: Should marriage only be between one man and one woman? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • David T. Dreier. H J Res 88. 109th Congress. Proposing an amendment to the Constitution of the United States relating to marriage. Project Vote Smart Summary: David T. Dreier voted NO on 18 July 2006. (votesmart.org)
  • David T. Dreier. HR 3396. 103rd Congress. To define and protect the institution of marriage. Project Vote Smart Summary: David T. Dreier voted YES on 12 July 1996. (votesmart.org)
  • David T. Dreier. News from CNN - transcript. 13 July 2004. "DREIER: Well, I will tell you that I'm in opposition to the amendment of the Constitution. I supported DOMA, and I've told the president that. I mean, I think the president-I know the president is very sincere in the goal that he has and reaffirming this. I just take a slightly different perspective. I've, as you know, Wolf, consistently opposed amendments to the Constitution, whether they be for a balanced budget amendment to the Constitution, I voted against flag burning amendments to the Constitution. And I believe this issue should be left to the states. I'm troubled with the idea for the first time ever injecting the federal government into family law, which is what this amendment would do. And I know that the president does feel strongly, and a lot of my colleagues do. And as I said, I did support the Defense of Marriage Act, but I just-I am very troubled with the idea of amending the U.S. Constitution." (votesmart.org)

Key

Candidate Answer

Official Position: Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.

Inferred Answer

Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Project Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.

Unknown Answer

Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue.

Project Vote Smart's Research: Click on this icon to reveal more information about this candidate's position.

Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as the candidate has submitted it. Project Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

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