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Anna Eshoo's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)

Office: U.S. House (CA) - District 18, Democratic
On The Ballot: Running, Democratic for U.S. House - District 18
Project Vote Smart does not permit the use of its name or programs in any campaign activity, including advertising, debates, and speeches.
Anna Eshoo has refused to provide voters with positions on key issues covered by the 2016 Political Courage Test, despite repeated requests. Anna Eshoo is still welcome to submit the test at any time.

What is the Political Courage Test?

Issue Positions

In response to the increasing unwillingness of candidates to answer issue questions, Project Vote Smart has researched Presidential and Congressional candidates' public records to determine candidates' likely responses on certain key issues. These issue positions, from the year 2016, are provided below as a courtesy to voters.

Pro-choice Inferred Answer Abortion: Do you generally support pro-choice or pro-life legislation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • “Widespread use of birth control continues to be a critical component of basic preventive health care for women and has been the driving force in reducing national rates of unintended pregnancies, STD infections, and abortions.” (
  • Rated 100% by NARAL Pro-Choice America (
Yes Inferred Answer Budget: In order to balance the budget, do you support an income tax increase on any tax bracket? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • “The AMT was originally designed to prevent high-income taxpayers from escaping their 'fair' share of the income tax burden through excessive deductions and tax shelters. Under the AMT, deductions from taxable income are not permitted, including deductions for State and local taxes. Therefore, Californians are hit especially hard when they are forced to pay the AMT.” (
  • “Since taking office, President Bush has made cutting taxes a major theme of his Administration. While most Americans would agree that they pay too much in taxes, the tax cuts pursued by this Administration have favored the wealthiest in America while leaving those in low- and middle-income brackets with limited relief.” (
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Crime: Do you support mandatory minimum sentences for non-violent drug offenders? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Despite exhaustive research, Project Vote Smart was unable to find information about this candidate's position.
Yes Inferred Answer Economy: Do you support federal spending as a means of promoting economic growth? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • “House Republicans have chosen a reckless course at a time when strategic and forward-thinking investments must be made and pragmatism brought to cuts and spending. We know hard decisions have to be made to reduce our debt and deficit. But cuts today shouldn't impair our competitiveness tomorrow.” (
  • “Among these efforts, Rep. Eshoo supported, wrote sections of, and voted for the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, which economists agree played a large part in preventing a Depression. The Recovery Act helped initiate economic recovery, creating an estimated 2.5 million jobs as of March 2010, with another one million expected through the rest of 2010.” (
Yes Inferred Answer Economy: Do you support lowering taxes as a means of promoting economic growth? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • “This financial crisis is proof-positive of the failed economic policies of the Bush Administration which has engaged in 'cowboy capitalism' for too long. Wall Street has been allowed to run free with little oversight or regulation to protect the American taxpayer. My 'yes' vote is to allow the country to move forward, to protect taxpayers, to help Main Street, protect pensions, to protect 401Ks, and to restore our credit markets with no rewards for those whose greed and foolishness have so jeopardized our economy.” (
  • “Tax policy has an impact on the lives of all Americans. Whether one is buying a home, having a child, trading stocks, or saving for a rainy day, tax implications will affect an individual's future finances and therefore must be weighed. While taxes are necessary to generate revenue to ensure the strength and security of our country, our tax code should be simple and fair.” (
Yes Inferred Answer Education: Do you support requiring states to implement education reforms in order to be eligible for competitive federal grants? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • “Too often, the federal government has not lived up to its responsibilities to provide students and schools with the funding it has promised. We need to refocus our attention on making the United States a leader in education. Our children need the best schools, the best teachers and the best resources in order to tap into the limitless potential of our youngest generation.” (
  • “NCLB has drawn mixed reviews over its effectiveness and fairness since its enactment in 2002. Many of the provisions were rigid and unyielding and the legislation was not fully funded. We need an education law that treats schools and children fairly, that provides educators and administrators with the flexibility they need to meet high standards, and which delivers to schools the resources they need to improve and succeed.” (
No Inferred Answer Energy: Do you support building the Keystone XL pipeline? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Voted against S. 1 “A Bill to Approve the Keystone XL Pipeline” (
  • “The economic benefits of the proposed Keystone XL pipeline are minimal and the risks are high.” (
Yes Inferred Answer Energy: Do you support funding for the development of renewable energy (e.g. solar, wind, thermal)? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • “Rep. Eshoo recognizes that viable, sustainable, and renewable energy resources are essential to protect our economic and national security, as well as our environment. As a senior member of the House Energy and Commerce Committee, she pursues legislation encouraging research and development, and innovative clean energy and energy efficient technologies.” (
  • “California is pioneering a national movement to promote renewable resources for the generation of electricity. Rep. Eshoo was a supporter of the state effort led by former state Sen. Byron Sher to increase reliance on renewable energy.” (
Yes Inferred Answer Environment: Do you support the federal regulation of greenhouse gas emissions? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • “Thank you for your leadership in responding to the serious challenge of climate change. We applaud and support your Climate Action Plan, the joint announcement with China establishing ambitious carbon pollution reduction targets, and the national commitment to the Green Climate Fund. These actions are critical to protect Americans from the most dangerous effects of climate change.” (
  • “I've been working hard to do my part in Congress, advocating for national policies that curtail our carbon emissions and encourage the use of energy efficient technologies and renewable energy resources across the board.” (
Yes Inferred Answer Guns: Do you generally support gun-control legislation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • “While Rep. Eshoo respects the rights of hunters and lawful gun enthusiasts, she believes responsible gun control is vital to curbing crime. […] Rep. Eshoo believes there is no sound public policy reason for repealing the assault weapons ban and was disappointed when President Bush allowed the ban to expire in September of 2004 […]” (
  • Signed a letters stating “Our nation has suffered at least 74 school shootings since the Sandy Hook massacre. The factors allowing these rampages are no mystery: loopholes in the background check laws, straw purchases, restrictions on law enforcement, and gaps in our mental health system.” (
  • Rated 100% by Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence (
No Inferred Answer Health Care: Do you support repealing the 2010 Affordable Care Act ("Obamacare")? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • “Today is an historic victory for the American people. Decent, quality healthcare for all Americans has been a goal our country has had since President Truman. The Supreme Court has upheld the law and the nation has won. Our system works.” (
  • “Congresswoman Anna G. Eshoo (D-Calif.) released the following statement after voting against the 55th attempt by House Republicans to repeal or undermine the Affordable Care Act. […] 'This is a radical assault on family health and marks yet another attempt by Republicans to send a divisive bill to the President for a sure veto.'” (
No Inferred Answer Immigration: Do you support requiring illegal immigrants to return to their country of origin before they are eligible for citizenship? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Signed a letter stating “We believe it is undeniable that detention in a secure facility is detrimental to mothers and children and is not reflective of our values as a Nation. Children require special protections and should not be laced in jail-like settings.” (
  • “As a first-generation American, Rep. Eshoo has a deep appreciation for the broad ethnic mosaic that makes America a great country. She has promoted sound immigration policies that provide ample and equal opportunities for people to immigrate legally into our country, create a pathway for citizenship for those who are in the country, secure our borders, and hold employers accountable for employing illegal workers.” (
Yes Inferred Answer Marriage: Do you support same-sex marriage? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Signed a letter stating “As federal legislators who represent families across this nation, we believe that—like DOMA—state marriage bans deny our citizens the equal protection that the Constitution guarantees.” (
  • “Rep. Eshoo believes that any adult couple should be allowed to marry regardless of their sexual orientation.” (
  • “It's a banner day for equality in America. A reflection of an overwhelming majority of Americans who support same-sex marriage, the Court's decision ensures its legal recognition in all 50 states.” (
No Inferred Answer National Security: Do you support targeting suspected terrorists outside of official theaters of conflict? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • “U.S. Rep. Anna Eshoo, D-Palo Alto, came out Wednesday against U.S. military action in Syria, saying she would prefer a diplomatic solution to address the country's chemical weapons stockpile, she announced Wednesday.” (
  • “Rep. Eshoo was a primary contributor to the House Intelligence Committee's White Paper on Cybersecurity and has pressed for increased oversight of the nation's cybersecurity efforts. She has also worked to increase greater cooperation with private industry in addressing the vulnerabilities to our networks and supply chain.” (
No Inferred Answer Social Security: Do you support allowing individuals to divert a portion of their Social Security taxes into personal retirement accounts? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • “We need to strengthen Social Security, not cut it. That is why I oppose any cuts to Social Security benefits, including increasing the retirement age. I also oppose any effort to privatize Social Security, in whole or in part.” (
  • “Reforms are necessary to guarantee Social Security's long-term solvency, but the basic tenets of the program must be protected to ensure a secure and independent retirement for millions of Americans. Rep. Eshoo is devoted to strengthening Social Security for generations to come and opposes privatization of the program.” (


Candidate Answer

Official Position: Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.

Inferred Answer

Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Project Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.

Unknown Answer

Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue.

Project Vote Smart's Research: Click on this icon to reveal more information about this candidate's position.

Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as the candidate has submitted it. Project Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

California Congressional Election 2010 Political Courage Test

This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.

Pro-choiceCandidate Answera) Do you consider yourself pro-choice or pro-life?
Nob) Should abortion be legal only within the first trimester of pregnancy?
Yesc) Should abortion be legal when the pregnancy resulted from incest or rape?
Yesd) Should abortion be legal when the life of the woman is endangered?
Noe) Should federal subsidies be prohibited from being used for abortion procedures?
f) Other or expanded principles
1) Spending
Indicate what federal funding levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category- you can use a number more than once.
Slightly Decreasea) Agriculture
Maintain Statusb) Arts
Slightly Decreasec) Defense
Maintain Status1) Intelligence operations
Slightly Decrease2) Military hardware
Eliminate3) National missile defense
Slightly Increase4) Salary and benefits for active duty personnel
Greatly Increase5) Programs to improve troop retention rates
Slightly Increase6) Research and development of new weapons
Greatly Increased) Education
Slightly Increasee) Environment
Maintain Statusf) Homeland security
Maintain Statusg) International aid
Greatly Increaseh) Medical research
Greatly Increasei) Scientific research
Maintain Statusj) Space exploration
Maintain Statusk) United Nations
Maintain Statusl) Welfare
m) Other or expanded categories
2) Taxes
Indicate what federal tax levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category- you can use a number more than once.
Maintain Statusa) Alcohol taxes
Slightly Decreaseb) Capital gains taxes
Slightly Increasec) Cigarette taxes
Slightly Increased) Corporate taxes
Slightly Increasee) Gasoline taxes
Slightly Decreasef) Income taxes (low-income families)
Slightly Decreaseg) Income taxes (middle-income families)
Slightly Increaseh) Income taxes (high-income families)
i) Other or expanded categories
NoCandidate Answer3) Do you support the elimination of the federal estate tax?
Yes4) Do you support requiring the federal budget to be balanced each year?
YesCandidate Answer5) Do you support using government funds in an effort to stimulate and improve the economy?
6) Other or expanded principles
NoCandidate Answera) Do you support privatizing elements of Social Security?
Yesb) Do you support reducing government regulations on the private sector?
Yesc) Do you support increasing the federal minimum wage?
Yesd) Do you support the ability of workers to unionize?
Yese) Do you support federal funding for job-training programs that retrain displaced workers?
f) Other or expanded principles
Noa) Do you support increasing the amount individuals are permitted to contribute to federal campaigns?
Yesb) Should Congress regulate indirect campaign contributions from corporations and unions?
Noc) Do you support removing all contribution limits on federal campaigns?
Yesd) Should candidates for federal office be encouraged to meet voluntary spending limits?
Yese) Do you support giving the President the power of the line item veto for items concerning appropriations?
Yesf) Do you support limiting the President's ability to define how legislation is applied through the use of signing statements?
g) Other or expanded principles
NoCandidate Answera) Do you support capital punishment for certain crimes?
Yesb) Do you support programs that provide prison inmates with vocational and job-related training and job-placement assistance when released?
Yesc) Do you support programs that provide prison inmates with substance abuse treatment?
Yesd) Do you support reduced prison sentences for non-violent offenders?
Noe) Do you support mandatory prison sentences for selling illegal drugs?
f) Other or expanded principles

g) I support a moratorium on federal capital punishment pending a comprehensive review of the system, it's efficacy and it's fairness.

YesCandidate Answera) Do you support federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students?
Yesb) Do you support federal funding for universal pre-K programs?
Yesc) Do you support federal funding for charter schools?
Nod) Do you support federal funding for K-12 school vouchers?
Yese) Do you support the federal government providing college students with financial aid?
f) Other or expanded principles
YesCandidate Answera) Do you support enacting environmental regulations aimed at reducing the effects of climate change?
Yesb) Do you support international emissions targets aimed at reducing the effects of climate change?
Yesc) Do you support allowing energy producers to trade carbon credits under a "cap and trade" system?
Yesd) Do you support strengthening fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles?
Noe) Do you support domestic oil exploration in federally-protected areas?
Yesf) Do you support federal funding for the development of alternative energy?
Yesg) Do you support the development of nuclear reactors?
h) Other or expanded principles

I am open to the idea of nuclear energy but still have concerns.

YesCandidate Answera) Do you support restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns?
Yesb) Do you believe that the Second Amendment guarantees the right of individual citizens to own guns?
Noc) Do you support allowing individuals to carry concealed guns?
Yesd) Do you support a ban on assault rifles?
e) Other or expanded principles
YesCandidate Answera) Do you support a publicly-administered health insurance option?
Yesb) Do you support expanding access to health care through commercial health insurance reform?
Yesc) Should the federal government expand eligibility for tax-free medical savings accounts?
Nod) Do you support monetary limits on damages that can be collected in malpractice lawsuits?
Noe) Do you support relaxing regulations on the importation of prescription drugs?
f) Other or expanded principles
YesCandidate Answera) Do you support a pathway to citizenship for illegal immigrants?
Nob) Do you support decreasing the number of legal immigrants allowed into the country?
Noc) Do you support establishing English as the official national language?
Nod) Do you support the enforcement of federal immigration laws by state and local police?
e) Other or expanded principles
NoCandidate Answera) Do you support United States military action in Afghanistan?
Nob) Do you support increasing military assistance for Afghanistan?
Yesc) Do you support increasing economic development assistance for Afghanistan?
d) Should the United States continue to strike suspected terrorist targets in Pakistan?
Yese) Do you support granting aid to countries when it is in the security interests of the United States?
Yesf) Should the United States support the creation of a Palestinian state?
Yesg) Do you support increasing sanctions on Iran if it continues to defy United Nations mandates?
Yesh) Do you support the withdrawal of United States troops from Iraq?
Yesi) Do you support the United States' involvement in free trade agreements?
j) Other or expanded principles

I support a military action in Afghanistan for training Afghan Security forces and intelligence support only.

NoCandidate Answera) Should marriage only be between one man and one woman?
Yesb) Do you support allowing openly-gay men and women to serve in the United States military?
Yesc) Do you support federal funding for embryonic stem cell research?
Nod) Should the federal government end affirmative action programs?
e) Other or expanded principles
Please explain in a total of 100 words or less, your top two or three priorities if elected. If they require additional funding for implementation, please explain how you would obtain this funding.

If re-elected, I will focus on:

* Passing legislation that encourages innovation in our country, including developing new technologies for clean energy, biotechnology, information technology, and telecommunications.

* I will continue to fight to protect the safety net in our society, as well as preserving, not privatizing Social Security and Medicare.

* I'll continue my work to improve Congress' ability to conduct meaningful oversight of the intelligence agencies and see to it that military intervention comes with clear, definable, and realistic objectives to prevent the loss of American lives and financial resources.

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