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Blanche Lincoln's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)

Project Vote Smart does not permit the use of its name or programs in any campaign activity, including advertising, debates, and speeches.
Blanche Lincoln refused to tell citizens where she stands on any of the issues addressed in the 2010 Political Courage Test, despite repeated requests from Vote Smart, national media, and prominent political leaders.

What is the Political Courage Test?

Issue Positions

In response to the increasing unwillingness of candidates to answer issue questions, Project Vote Smart has researched Presidential and Congressional candidates' public records to determine candidates' likely responses on certain key issues. These issue positions, from the year 2010, are provided below as a courtesy to voters.

Pro-choice Inferred Answer Abortion Issues: Do you consider yourself pro-choice or pro-life? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Blanche Lincoln. S 3. 108th Congress. A bill to prohibit the procedure commonly known as partial-birth abortion. Project Vote Smart Summary: Blanche Lincoln voted YES on 21 October 2003. (votesmart.org)
  • Blanche Lincoln. S Amdt 2321 to S 1692. 106th Congress. To express the sense of Congress in support of the Supreme Court's decision in Roe v. Wade. Project Vote Smart Summary: Blanche Lincoln voted YES on 21 October 1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Blanche Lincoln. S Amdt 3330 to S Amdt 3325 to HR 3043. 110th Congress. To prohibit the provision of funds to grantees who perform abortions. Project Vote Smart Summary: Blanche Lincoln voted NO on 18 October 2007. (votesmart.org)
  • Blanche Lincoln. S Amdt 3896 to S Amdt 3899 to S 1200. 110th Congress. To modify a section relating to limitation on use of funds appropriated to the Service. Project Vote Smart Summary: Blanche Lincoln voted NO on 26 February 2008. (votesmart.org)
  • NARAL Pro-Choice America. 2009. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. "Blanche Lincoln supported the interests of NARAL Pro-Choice America 100 percent in 2009." (votesmart.org)
  • National Right to Life Committee. 2009. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. "Blanche Lincoln supported the interests of the National Right to Life Committee 0 percent in 2009." (votesmart.org)
  • Planned Parenthood. 2008. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. "Blanche Lincoln supported the interests of Planned Parenthood 92 percent in 2008." (votesmart.org)
  • Blanche Lambert Lincoln. 2010. ArkansasVoterGuide.com: 2010 Arkansas Primary Election Candidate Survey. Responded SUPPORT to the question: "4. Abortion: The U.S. Supreme Court's 1973 Roe v. Wade abortion decision." (www.arkansasvotersguide.com)
Yes Inferred Answer Budget, Spending, and Tax Issues: Do you support the elimination of the federal estate tax? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Blanche Lambert Lincoln. 2004. Project Vote Smart: Arkansas Congressional National Political Awareness Test. Selected YES for: "4) Do you support permanent repeal of the federal estate tax?"
  • National Taxpayers Union. 2009. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. "Blanche Lincoln supported the interests of the National Taxpayers Union 16 percent in 2009." (votesmart.org)
  • Blanche Lambert Lincoln. Death Tax Repeal Permanency Act of 2005 - Motion to Proceed. 7 June 2006. "Outright repeal of the estate tax for family-owned businesses and farms has been a goal of mine since I entered Congress 14 years ago. I have grown up on a seventh generation Arkansas farm. I have watched as small communities and family-owned businesses have dwindled from their inability to maintain their competitiveness in the ever-growing global community, but also with the unbelievable challenges they face of the cost of health care, the cost of doing business, real estate costs, and others." (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Budget, Spending, and Tax Issues: Do you support using government funds in an effort to stimulate and improve the economy? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Club for Growth. 2008. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. "Blanche Lincoln supported the interests of the Club for Growth 17 percent in 2008." (votesmart.org)
  • Blanche Lincoln. HR 1. 111th Congress. Making supplemental appropriations for job preservation and creation, infrastructure investment, energy efficiency and science, assistance to the unemployed, and State and local fiscal stabilization, for fiscal year ending September 30, 2009, and for other purposes. Project Vote Smart Summary: Blanche Lincoln voted YES on 13 February 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Blanche Lambert Lincoln. 2010. ArkansasVoterGuide.com: 2010 Arkansas Primary Election Candidate Survey. Responded: "I supported the first installment of TARP funds in 2008 on good faith that President Bush and his economic team would keep their pledge to ensure funds would expand credit to Main Street banks and businesses. However, too much of the TARP funds were used by Wall Street to reward their executives with lavish bonuses and to continue their reckless practices. I opposed giving more money to Wall Street when the second half of TARP was approved by Congress in 2009," to the question: "6. Taxes: Taxpayer funded bailouts for failing banks and businesses during 2008 and 2009." (www.arkansasvotersguide.com)
  • Blanche Lambert Lincoln. Lincoln Continues Call for Second Stimulus Package. 14 November 2008. "I strongly believe a second stimulus package should be our top priority when Congress returns for a lame duck session next week. Families are struggling now, and we shouldn't wait until next year to provide relief." (votesmart.org)
  • Blanche Lambert Lincoln. Lincoln: Supplemental Economic Stimulus Plan Needed in 2008. 22 October 2008."U.S. Senator Blanche Lincoln (D-Ark.) today said a stimulus package focused on job creation and relief for America's working families is needed to provide a boost to the struggling economy. 'In February, Congress passed an economic stimulus plan, which included payments for families, seniors and disabled veterans and was designed to give our economy a much-needed boost,' Lincoln said. 'I called this plan an important first step, but that we must follow it with a long-term strategy to ensure our country's future economic health. We must develop a comprehensive plan to revitalize our economy by rebuilding our nation for the twenty-first century and reinvesting in American businesses and American workers. That includes infrastructure projects that will create jobs and strengthen our economy. It also includes funding for education, which will ready our workforce to ensure our country's future prosperity and economic security. Finally, we must implement policy that fosters growth in our small businesses, which truly are the engines of our economy. The economic crisis has left small businesses with alarmingly few options to access capital. We must provide tax relief that will enable them to sustain and grow their business during this critical time.'" (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Business and Employment Issues: Do you support privatizing elements of Social Security? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Blanche Lambert Lincoln. Lincoln: Bush's Budget Neglects Rural America. 23 February 2010. "President Bush slipped a plan into his budget to privatize Social Security by diverting $700 billion from the Trust Fund beginning in the year 2010 to pay 'voluntary private accounts.' Lincoln said that she was appalled that the President would again try to privatize Social Security by inserting a line item into his 2007 budget. She called such a move 'outrageous' considering his privatization schemes were rejected last year by an overwhelming majority of Americans, including Members of Congress in his own party. She said that privatizing Social Security would be tremendously harmful to rural America, as it would affect small town businesses and their employees." (votesmart.org)
  • Blanche Lambert Lincoln. Lincoln: Trustees' Report Reinforces Need for Health Reform. 13 May 2009. "Nearly 600,000 Arkansans receive Social Security benefits. That's one in five Arkansans. Preserving Social Security for future generations is a top priority, and I will not support any privatization plan that threatens the retirement security of millions of Americans. As we consider ways to reform Social Security, any proposal must pass a 'fairness checklist,' which would preserve Social Security's guaranteed, lifetime, inflation-protected benefit; protect disabled workers and their families and economically disadvantaged groups; maintain the system's progressive benefit structure; and maintain fiscal responsibility. Through my positions on the Senate Finance Committee and the Senate Special Committee on Aging, I will continue to work to secure the future of Social Security for current and future beneficiaries." (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Crime Issues: Do you support capital punishment for certain crimes? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Blanche Lambert Lincoln. 2004. Project Vote Smart: Arkansas Congressional National Political Awareness Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Support the use of the death penalty for federal crimes."
  • Citizens United for the Rehabilitation of Errants. 2005-2006. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. "Blanche Lincoln supported the interests of the Citizens United for the Rehabilitation of Errants 80 percent in 2005-2006." (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Education Issues: Do you support federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Blanche Lambert Lincoln. 2004. Project Vote Smart: Arkansas Congressional National Political Awareness Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Support national standards for and testing of public school students."
  • Blanche Lincoln. HR 1. 107th Congress. To close the achievement gap with accountability, flexibility, and choice, so that no child is left behind. Project Vote Smart Summary: Blanche Lincoln voted YES on 18 December 2001. (votesmart.org)
  • Home School Legal Defense Association. 1999-2000. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. "Blanche Lincoln supported the interests of the Home School Legal Defense Association 40 percent in 1999-2000." (votesmart.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Environment and Energy Issues: Do you support enacting environmental regulations aimed at reducing the effects of climate change? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Blanche Lambert Lincoln. 2010. ArkansasVoterGuide.com: 2010 Arkansas Primary Election Candidate Survey. Responded OPPOSE to the question: "3. Environment: The cap and trade bill that places a tax on fossil fuels as a means of reducing carbon emissions." (www.arkansasvotersguide.com)
  • Environment America. 2009. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. "Blanche Lincoln supported the interests of Environment America 100 percent in 2009." (votesmart.org)
  • Blanche Lincoln. S Amdt 4825 to S 3036. 110th Congress. In the nature of a substitute. Project Vote Smart Summary: Blanche Lincoln voted YES for cloture on 6 June 2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Blanche Lambert Lincoln. Lincoln Calls for Immediate Action on Climate Change. 20 January 2007. "U.S. Senator Blanche Lincoln (D-Ark.) today called for swift action to reverse the devastating effects of climate change. Lincoln made her remarks before the Senate Environment and Public Works Committee with jurisdiction over climate change legislation. 'It is abundantly clear that we must take action now if we are to have any hope of correcting our changing climate,' Lincoln said. 'We are stewards of this nation and this planet, and our ultimate responsibility is to leave it a better place for our children. I fear that if we do not take action soon, we will have lost our chance.' In her testimony before the Committee, Lincoln pointed to a recent Arkansas State University study which revealed the potential effects of global warming on duck populations and migration patterns in Arkansas. Lincoln noted that a changing climate not only affects the environment but also the livelihood of communities. 'We know that while the Northern and middle parts of the country are experiencing increasing numbers of ducks, the Southern region is seeing decreases,' Lincoln said. 'A recent report shows us that ducks migrating from the North are not coming as far down the continent as they once did, likely because they don't have to fly as far to find a climate that's acceptable to them. As this study points out, the effect on the small communities whose economy depends on hunting season could be devastating.'" (votesmart.org)
  • Blanche Lincoln. Farmers, Ranchers Need Certainty, Not More Burdensome Environmental Regulations. 23 September 2010. "Lincoln also reiterated her opposition to EPA overseeing the regulation of greenhouse gas emissions, noting the extraordinary burden it would place on farmers across the nation. 'I flat out disagree with EPA's regulation of greenhouse gases,' Lincoln said. "I fear that federal courts will order EPA to regulate small sources of greenhouse gases. This could mean unnecessary regulation for thousands of farms all around the country. We cannot allow this to happen. And as I have said time and again, it should be Congress, not unelected bureaucrats, who should be writing the laws to regulate greenhouse gases." (votesmart.org)
  • Blanche Lincoln. Issue Position: Energy & Environment. "Senator Lincoln lead efforts in Congress to promote rural America as a leader in the development of renewable energy technologies that will help stimulate the rural economy, reduce America's dependence on foreign oil and preserve our environment for future generations. She is proposing new tax incentives to utilize the unique natural resources that rural America has to offer as sources of renewable energy. A New Energy Economy Senator Lincoln has supported and worked for commonsense energy reform that provides a smooth transition from an old energy to a new energy economy. Arkansas, with our reliance on coal, oil and natural gas along with vast natural resources that are potential sources for renewable fuels, offers a perfect example of why a transitional energy economy is critical. Most Arkansans agree there is tremendous potential for job growth with the development of clean energy technologies, and Senator Lincoln is eager to help our state lead the way. She is working toward a balanced, 21st century energy plan that will stimulate, not stifle, the economy. She knows we can make immediate gains toward reducing carbon emissions, achieving energy independence and incentivizing renewable energy, all while improving the environment and creating much-needed jobs here at home. [...] A Clean Energy Future Senator Lincoln supports the goals of curbing greenhouse gases, reducing our dependency on foreign oil, and advancing clean-energy technologies. However, she believes we must achieve these goals responsibly by finding a balanced solution that is good for the environment and good for the economy." (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Gun Issues: Do you support restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Blanche Lincoln. S Amdt 1067 to S Amdt 1058 to HR 627. 111th Congress. To protect innocent Americans from violent crime in national parks and refuges. Project Vote Smart Summary: Blanche Lincoln voted YES on 12 May 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. 2003. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. "Blanche Lincoln supported the interests of the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence 77 percent from 1988 to 2003." (votesmart.org)
  • Gun Owners of America. 2010. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. "In 2010 Gun Owners of America gave Blanche Lincoln a grade of F." (votesmart.org)
  • Blanche Lincoln. S Amdt 362 to S 254. 106th Congress. To regulate the sale of firearms at guns shows. Project Vote Smart Summary: Blanche Lincoln voted YES on 20 May 1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Blanche Lincoln. HR 4296. 103rd Congress. To make unlawful the transfer or possession of assault weapons. Project Vote Smart Summary: Blanche Lincoln voted YES on 5 May 1994. (votesmart.org)
  • Blanche Lambert Lincoln. 2004. Project Vote Smart: Arkansas Congressional National Political Awareness Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Maintain and strengthen the current level of enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Blanche Lambert Lincoln. 2010. ArkansasVoterGuide.com: 2010 Arkansas Primary Election Candidate Survey. Responded SUPPORT to the question: "1. Guns: The view that the Second Amendment to the U.S. Constitution recognizes the right of private citizens to possess firearms." (www.arkansasvotersguide.com)
  • Blanche Lincoln. HR 1025. 103rd Congress. To provide for a waiting period before the purchase of a handgun, and for the establishment of a national instant criminal background check system to be contacted by firearms dealers before the transfer of any firearm. Project Vote Smart Summary: Blanche Lincoln voted NO on 10 November 1993. (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Health Issues: Do you support a publicly-administered health insurance option? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • American Public Health Association. 2009. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. "Blanche Lincoln supported the interests of the American Public Health Association 100 percent in 2009." (votesmart.org)
  • Blanche Lambert Lincoln. 2010. ArkansasVoterGuide.com: 2010 Arkansas Primary Election Candidate Survey. Responded: "After a year of divisive debate on health care reform, I support health insurance reforms that most people from both parties can agree on. I believe we can force insurance companies to cover pre-existing conditions, allow parents to cover their children until they are 27 and give people more choice for health insurance coverage. I have fought for health reform to reduce costs for small businesses so they can use the savings to re-invest in their companies, and hire more workers," to the question: "13. What type of health care reform do you support?" (www.arkansasvotersguide.com)
  • Blanche Lambert Lincoln. 2010. ArkansasVoterGuide.com: 2010 Arkansas Primary Election Candidate Survey. Responded: "I supported the Senate health reform bill, recently signed into law with President Obama, which greatly expanded accessibility and choices for all Americans, was fully paid-for and did not raise income taxes on hard-working Americans. This law will slow the growth in health care costs and make healthcare more affordable," to the question: "5. Health Care: Establishing a nationwide, government-regulated health care system that guarantees accessibility to health care for every American at taxpayer expense." (www.arkansasvotersguide.com)
  • Blanche Lambert Lincoln. Issue Position: Health Issues. "My bill combines the best of what government can do with the best of what the private sector can do. It does not promote government-run health care, but harnesses the power of market competition to bring down health insurance costs by using a proven government negotiator. Under my bill, small businesses across America would be able to pool their risk and purchasing power together to offer affordable health insurance options for their employees." (votesmart.org)
  • Blanche Lambert Lincoln. Lincoln Criticizes Bush Administration On Uninsured. 3 March 2004. "U.S. Senator Blanche Lincoln (D-Ark.) today charged that the Bush administration appears oblivious to the health care insurance crisis gripping America. Lincoln responded to remarks by Secretary of Health and Human Services Tommy Thompson, who claimed that even the uninsured in America have access to health care. In an interview, Thompson was comparing health care in the U.S. to a plan to develop universal health care in Iraq. Thompson suggested that the two aren't comparable, saying that 'Even if you don't have health insurance in America, you get taken care of. That could be defined as universal health care.' 'I don't know where Secretary Thompson is getting his information, but the facts don't lie,' Lincoln said. 'As a former governor, Secretary Thompson should know that the 44 million Americans who are uninsured don't have the same access to timely and appropriate health care. The fact is that the uninsured suffer worse health and die sooner than those who do have health insurance. I've worked throughout my career to expand access to health care. For a cabinet member to minimize the problem only makes it harder for us to accomplish that goal. The fact is, if you don't have health insurance, there's an extremely good chance that you don't get taken care of,' Lincoln said. 'We need to recognize this fact and work to expand access to quality health care.'" (votesmart.org)
  • Blanche Lambert Lincoln. Lincoln on Final Legislative Language of Senate's Health Insurance Reform Bill. 19 December 2009. "After years of trying, I believe we are close to achieving most of the goals for health insurance reform for Arkansas that I pledged to support in the beginning and without compromising my fiscal goals by adding to the deficit or creating a public option government health care plan that would be underwritten by taxpayers." (votesmart.org)
  • Blanche Lambert Lincoln. Lincoln: Health Reform Should Result in Health Care Coverage for All Arkansans. 22 June 2009. "Lincoln said skyrocketing health care costs are hurting our economy, our families, and our businesses, and that reforming health care will offer Americans new, high-quality options and more stability. As a member of the Senate Finance Committee, Lincoln is evaluating various options to provide affordable, high-quality choices in health care coverage, including the 'public plan' option and a non-profit co-op health plan to compete alongside private health insurers. 'Rising health care costs are felt by everyone, uninsured and insured alike,' Lincoln said. 'The failure to cover everyone has resulted in congested emergency rooms and higher health care costs passed on by providers and facilities that are obligated to provide treatment regardless of patients' ability to pay. In fact, the "cost shift" due to our broken system adds about $1,500 to the average family premium and $520 to the average individual premium for Arkansans. Our nation also bears the costs in economic productivity loss, when uninsured workers miss days because of preventable illnesses. Our nation is on an unsustainable path, and the cost of doing nothing is a tremendous motivator for making necessary improvements now.'" (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Immigration Issues: Do you support a pathway to citizenship for illegal immigrants? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Federation for American Immigration Reform. 2007-2008. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. "Blanche Lincoln supported the interests of the Federation for American Immigration Reform 31 percent in 2007-2008." (votesmart.org)
  • National Latino Congreso. 2007-2010. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. "Blanche Lincoln supported the interests of the National Latino Congreso 73 percent in 2007-2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Blanche Lincoln. S Amdt 4087 to S 2611. 109th Congress. To modify the conditions under which aliens who are unlawfully present in the United States are granted legal status. Project Vote Smart Summary: Blanche Lincoln voted NO on 23 May 2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Blanche Lambert Lincoln. 2010. ArkansasVoterGuide.com: 2010 Arkansas Primary Election Candidate Survey. Responded: "I oppose amnesty for illegal aliens, but I support commonsense immigration reform that gives illegal immigrants the opportunity to earn citizenship by paying a fine, passing a background test and going to the back of the line. If they decline this opportunity, they would face deportation," to the question: "11. What should be done about the estimated 12 million illegal immigrants who are in the U.S.?" (www.arkansasvotersguide.com)
  • Blanche Lambert Lincoln. Issue Position: Immigration. "However, I do not support amnesty, or total and immediate forgiveness for illegal immigrants. To do so would undermine the rule of law in this country. Under legislation I recently supported in the Senate, an illegal immigrant would face an immediate $1000 fine, a security background check, application for a work visa, and an 11 year path to citizenship. Most immigrants who apply for citizenship now achieve that in five to six years. After staying continuously employed for six years, paying all back taxes, learning English, U.S. History and government, and paying another $1000 fine and application costs, the worker could apply for a green card. Their green card application will go to the back of the line behind all legal applicants waiting for green cards. Finally, this path is only available to illegal immigrants who were here before January of 2004." (votesmart.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer International Policy Issues: Do you support United States military action in Afghanistan? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Peace Action West. 2009. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. "Blanche Lincoln supported the interests of Peace Action West 40 percent in 2009." (votesmart.org)
  • Blanche Lambert Lincoln. Lincoln on Afghanistan: Open-Ended Commitment Not An Option. 1 December 2009. "Tonight, after prolonged consultations with senior military officials and civilian advisers, the President announced a plan to send an additional 34,000 U.S. troops to Afghanistan. This will bring the number of American troops in Afghanistan to around 100,000. The President also announced an additional commitment 6,000 troops from coalition allies, bringing the total number of NATO and allied troops to approximately 41,000. In making this commitment, these 41 countries are placing their troops in harm's way to provide Afghanis with a chance to succeed and bring greater stability to their country. However, our window of opportunity is closing and we cannot ignore the lessons of the past. An open-ended commitment of U.S. troops and taxpayer dollars is not an option. Afghani ownership of these responsibilities is undoubtedly the most essential ingredient for long-term stability. I am encouraged that President Obama's plan includes benchmarks that will measure the progress of the Afghani government and ultimately hold them accountable for moving toward reform and a greater assumption of their own responsibilities. Yet I maintain many concerns about the level of corruption currently in the Karzai government. If we are to have an effective partner moving forward, it cannot be with a government that steals from its own people and denies them basic rights such as free elections. After all, an 'Afghan solution' is not that can be imposed upon the Afghanis, it is one that must be supported and sustained by the Afghani people." (votesmart.org)
  • Blanche Lambert Lincoln. Statement by U.S. Senator Blanche Lincoln Re: U.S. Commitment in Afghanistan. 25 November 2009. "I believe the President has been wise to take the time to allow his general on the ground, General Stanley McChrystal, and the U.S. Ambassador to Afghanistan and former Commander of U.S. troops in Afghanistan, Karl Eikenberry, to offer their full recommendations. However, I believe the American people need to know that we have a strategy in Afghanistan with an end in sight. For too long, our uniformed men and women in Afghanistan have been denied a comprehensive strategy worthy of their sacrifice. We also need to know that Afghanistan's neighbors and our NATO allies are committed to a solution. We need to know that the Afghan government is going to take critical steps to address corruption, conduct honest and free elections and improve its overall effectiveness. Finally, we need to know how an increase in American troop strength allows the Afghan military to assume more responsibility for their country's security. I recognize that this is a tough decision for the President, but I need to be convinced that sending more Americans into harm's way is in our national security interest." (votesmart.org)
  • Blanche Lincoln. Funding Bill Supports Troops in Afghanistan and Iraq. 22 May 2010. "Our troops fighting in Afghanistan and Iraq, including over 1,000 activated reservists from Arkansas in addition to those serving on active duty, deserve every resource we can provide to keep them safe and ensure they are prepared to meet the demands of their missions," Lincoln said. "The military funding bill provides needed resources for our ongoing operations in Afghanistan and Iraq. Funds will support additional troops in Afghanistan and will replace worn-out or damaged equipment so that our forces fighting overseas have the most effective and protective equipment to complete their missions safely and successfully." (votesmart.org)
  • Blanche Lincoln. Issue Position: National Security. "In Afghanistan, the brutal reign of the Taliban has disintegrated under heavy pressure from U.S. military forces and other ethnic groups inside the country. The organization of Osama bin Laden and Al-Qaeda has been severely disrupted, many are now on the run, and many more have been captured and detained in Guantanamo Bay. Together with the international community, we must make a commitment to transform what used to be a sanctuary of crime and terrorism into a secure and stable nation that is committed to the global war against terrorism." (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Social Issues: Should marriage only be between one man and one woman? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Blanche Lambert Lincoln. 2004. Project Vote Smart: Arkansas Congressional National Political Awareness Test. Selected YES for: "k) Should marriage be restricted to a union only between a man and a woman?"
  • Blanche Lambert Lincoln. 2010. ArkansasVoterGuide.com: 2010 Arkansas Primary Election Candidate Survey. Responded OPPOSE: "I believe that matters of family law should be governed by the individual states and I support the approach taken in Arkansas to reaffirm our public policy of limiting marriage to one man and one woman in the Arkansas Constitution. Given the strong laws already in force and the states' traditional authority in this area, I do not believe that a Federal Marriage Amendment is necessary," to the question: "2. Marriage: An amendment to the U.S. Constitution defining marriage as the union of one man and one woman." (www.arkansasvotersguide.com)

Key

Candidate Answer

Official Position: Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.

Inferred Answer

Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Project Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.

Unknown Answer

Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue.

Project Vote Smart's Research: Click on this icon to reveal more information about this candidate's position.

Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as the candidate has submitted it. Project Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

Congressional Election 2004 National Political Awareness Test

This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.

The Political Courage Test asks candidates which items they will support if elected. It does not ask them to indicate which items they will oppose. Through extensive research of public polling data, we discovered that voters are more concerned with what candidates would support when elected to office, not what they oppose. If a candidate does not select a response to any part or all of any question, it does not necessarily indicate that the candidate is opposed to that particular item.
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding abortion.
a) Abortions should always be illegal.
b) Abortions should always be legal.
Xc) Abortions should be legal only within the first trimester of pregnancy.
Xd) Abortions should be legal when the pregnancy resulted from incest or rape.
Xe) Abortions should be legal when the life of the woman is endangered.
Xf) Prohibit the dilation and extraction procedure, also known as "partial-birth" abortion.
g) Prohibit public funding of abortions and of organizations that advocate or perform abortions.
h) Other or expanded principles
Using the key, indicate what federal funding levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category.
Budget Priorities
Maintain Statusa) Agriculture
Maintain Statusb) Arts
Slightly Increasec) Defense
Greatly Increased) Education
Maintain Statuse) Environment
Slightly Increasef) Homeland security
Maintain Statusg) International aid
Maintain Statush) Law enforcement
Slightly Increasei) Medical research
Maintain Statusj) National parks
Slightly Increasek) Public health services
Maintain Statusl) Scientific research
Greatly Decreasem) Space exploration programs
Slightly Increasen) Transportation and highway infrastructure
Maintain Statuso) Welfare
p) Other or expanded categories
Defense Spending
Slightly Increasea) Armed Forces personnel training
Maintain Statusb) Intelligence operations
Maintain Statusc) Military hardware
Slightly Increased) Modernization of weaponry and equipment
Greatly Decreasee) National missile defense
Greatly Increasef) Pay for active duty personnel
Greatly Increaseg) Programs to improve troop retention rates
Slightly Decreaseh) Research and development of new weapons
Greatly Increasei) Troop and equipment readiness
j) Other or expanded categories
Using the key above, indicate what federal tax levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category.
Taxes
Income Taxes:
Family Income
Slightly Decreasea) Less than $25,000
Slightly Decreaseb) $25,000-$75,000
Maintain Statusc) $75,000-$150,000
Maintain Statusd) Over $150,000
Slightly Increasee) Other or expanded categories

Income over $300,000

Retiree Income
Slightly Decreasef) Over $40,000
g) Other or expanded categories
Other Taxes:
Maintain Statusa) Alcohol taxes
Maintain Statusb) Capital gains taxes
Maintain Statusc) Cigarette taxes
Maintain Statusd) Corporate taxes
Maintain Statuse) Gasoline taxes
Eliminatef) Inheritance taxes
g) Other or expanded categories
Deductions/Credits:
Maintain Statusa) Charitable contributions
Greatly Increaseb) Child tax credit
Maintain Statusc) Earned income tax credit
Maintain Statusd) Medical expense deduction
Slightly Increasee) Mortgage deduction
Slightly Increasef) Student loan credit
g) Other or expanded categories
Yes4) Do you support permanent repeal of the federal estate tax?
No5) Do you support eliminating taxes on dividends paid to individual investors?
6) Should a married couple filing jointly pay the same taxes as if they were an unmarried couple filing separately?
Yes7) Other or expanded principles

Regarding 6: I support the elimination of the marriage penalty tax

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance and government reform.
Xa) Support public taxpayer funding for federal candidates who comply with campaign spending limits.
b) Increase the amount individuals are permitted to contribute to federal campaigns.
c) Prohibit Political Action Committee (PAC) contributions to candidates for federal office.
d) Allow unregulated soft money campaign contributions to political parties or committees.
e) Allow ads paid for by soft money that support or attack a candidate for federal office.
f) Allow issue advocacy commercials by corporations, labor unions, and non-profit groups which appear within 60 days of a general election and within 30 days of a primary election.
g) Remove all contribution limits on federal campaigns and parties.
Noh) Do you support instant run-off voting (IRV)?
Yesi) Should Election Day be a national holiday?
Noj) Should same-sex couples be allowed to form civil unions?
Yesk) Should marriage be restricted to a union only between a man and a woman?
Yesl) Other or expanded principles

Regarding a: I support public taxpayer support of Presidential campaigns only

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding crime.
Xa) Support the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
b) Eliminate the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
Xc) Impose "truth in sentencing" for violent criminals so they serve full sentences with no chance of parole.
Xd) Support programs to provide prison inmates with vocational and job-related skills and job-placement assistance when released.
Xe) Support programs to provide prison inmates with drug and alcohol addiction treatment.
f) Reduce prison sentences for those who commit non-violent crimes.
Xg) Support additional criminal penalties if a fetus is killed in the commission of a federal crime against a pregnant woman.
Xh) Require that crimes based on gender, sexual orientation, and disability be prosecuted as federal hate crimes.
Xi) Support programs that provide job training and placement services for at-risk youth.
Xj) Impose stricter penalties for those convicted of white-collar crimes.
Xk) Enforcement of civil rights should primarily be the responsibility of the federal government.
l) Minors accused of a violent crime should be prosecuted as adults.
Xm) Other or expanded principles

Regarding l: appropriate in certain circumstances and should be evaluated on a case by case basis by the judicial branch

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding drugs.
a) Support mandatory jail sentences for selling illegal drugs.
Xb) Expand federally sponsored drug education and drug treatment programs.
c) Decriminalize the possession of small amounts of marijuana.
d) Allow doctors to prescribe marijuana to their patients for medicinal purposes.
Xe) Increase border security to stop the flow of illegal drugs into the United States.
f) Eliminate federal funding for programs associated with the "war on drugs."
g) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding education.
Xa) Support national standards for and testing of public school students.
b) Allow parents to use vouchers (equal opportunity scholarships) to send their children to any public school.
c) Allow parents to use vouchers (equal opportunity scholarships) to send their children to any private or religious school.
Xd) Allow teachers and professionals to receive authorization and funding to establish charter schools.
e) Increase funding for block grants to states to aid in the hiring of additional teachers.
Xf) Support teacher testing and reward teachers with merit pay.
Xg) Increase funding for school capital improvements (e.g. buildings, infrastructure, technology).
h) Support granting states limited control over Head Start programs.
i) Support changing the mission of Head Start to emphasize improving the math and reading skills of disadvantaged children.
j) Providing education is not a responsibility of the federal government.
Xk) Support affirmative action in public college admissions.
Xl) Increase funding of programs such as Pell grants and Stafford loans to help students pay for college.
Xm) Support federal tax incentives to help families save for college.
n) Other or expanded principles
1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding employment.
Xa) Increase funding for national job-training programs that re-train displaced workers or teach skills needed in today's job market.
Xb) Reduce government regulation of the private sector in order to encourage investment and economic expansion.
c) Provide tax credits or grants to businesses that offer child care services to employees.
Xd) Encourage employers to offer flex-time scheduling, comp-time, and unpaid leave for family emergencies.
e) Eliminate all federal programs designed to reduce unemployment.
Xf) Increase the federal minimum wage.
g) Support the right of workers to strike without fear of being permanently replaced.
Xh) Allow workers to sell company stock and to diversify their company retirement funds into other investment options.
i) Other or expanded principles
2) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding affirmative action.
Xa) The federal government should consider race and gender in government contracting decisions.
b) The federal government should discontinue affirmative action programs.
Xc) The federal government should continue affirmative action programs.
d) Include sexual orientation in federal anti-discrimination laws.
e) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the environment and energy.
a) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Water Act.
b) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Air Act.
Xc) Require states to compensate citizens when environmental regulations limit uses of privately-owned land.
d) Relax logging restrictions on federal lands.
e) Relax standards on federal lands to allow increased recreational usage.
f) Support increased development of traditional energy resources (e.g. coal, natural gas, oil).
g) Strengthen emission controls and fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles.
h) Support opening a select portion of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge for oil exploration.
Xi) Encourage further development and use of alternative fuels to reduce pollution.
Xj) Support the use of ethanol as an alternative fuel.
Xk) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits.
l) Support the U.S. re-entering the Kyoto treaty process to limit global warming.
Xm) Other or expanded principles

Regarding a & b: I support strengthening environmental laws in a way that balances the cost to consumers

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding guns.
a) Renew the ban on the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting.
Xb) Maintain and strengthen the current level of enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
Xe) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns.
Xf) Require manufacturers to provide child-safety locks on guns.
Xg) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows.
h) Require a license for gun possession.
i) Establish a national database of ballistic "fingerprints" to track guns used in criminal activities.
Xj) Support legislation that would protect manufacturers, distributors, dealers, and importers of firearms from civil lawsuits by crime victims.
Xk) Other or expanded principles

Regarding a & b: I support extending the existing ban on domestic manufacture of certain assault weapons

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health care.
a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government.
b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income.
Xc) Support a Patient's Bill of Rights which includes appeal mechanisms when claims are denied.
Xd) Support a Patient's Bill of Rights which includes the right to sue when claims are denied.
e) Expand eligibility for tax-free medical savings accounts.
Xf) Establish limits on the amount of punitive damages awarded in medical malpractice lawsuits.
Xg) Support expanding prescription drug coverage under Medicare.
Xh) Support expanding prescription drug coverage under private managed care plans.
Xi) Offer tax credits to individuals and small businesses to offset the cost of insurance coverage.
Xj) Support automatic enrollment of children in federal health care programs such as CHIP and Medicaid.
k) Allow 55-65 year-olds to buy into Medicare.
Xl) Support stem cell research on existing lines of stem cells.
Xm) Allow laboratories to create new lines of stem cells for additional research.
n) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding immigration.
a) Decrease the number of legal immigrants allowed into the country.
Xb) Establish English as the official national language.
Xc) Increase the number of visas issued for agricultural workers.
d) Relax restrictions barring legal immigrants from using social programs (e.g. public housing, food stamps).
e) Support amnesty for certain illegal immigrants who already reside in the United States.
f) Support the detention of asylum seekers from countries known to sponsor terrorism.
Xg) Other or expanded principles

Regarding c: I am a cosponsor of bipartisan legislation, the Agricultural JOBS Act (S. 1623), which establishes oversight and regulation of agricultural workers by the Department of Homeland Security

International Aid
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding United States economic assistance.
Xa) Aid should be granted to countries when extraordinary circumstances cause disaster and threaten civilian lives.
Xb) Aid should be granted to countries when it is in the security interests of the United States.
c) Aid should be eliminated for any nation with documented human rights abuses.
d) Aid programs should be scaled back and eventually eliminated.
e) Other or expanded principles
International Policy
1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the Middle East.
Yesa) Should the United States continue to provide leadership in the Israeli-Palestinian peace process?
Yesb) Should the United States support the creation of a Palestinian state?
Noc) Should the United States withdraw its troops from Iraq?
d) Discuss your proposals for the reconstruction of Iraq. What funding sources would you use to implement these proposals? (75 words or less. Please use an attached page if the space below is not adequate.)

I support the goals of U.N. Resolution 1546 which the U.N. Security Council unanimously endorsed on June 8. The resolution allows the transfer of power from the United States to the new interim government of Iraq, allows the current multinational force in Iraq to continue to provide security in the region, establishes a U.N. role in helping lead the political process, and encourages the international community to provide aid to Iraq.

e) Other or expanded principles
2) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Central and East Asia.
Yesa) Should the United States use diplomatic and economic pressure to encourage North Korea to abandon its nuclear weapons program?
Nob) Should the United States use military force to destroy the North Korean nuclear weapons program?
Noc) Should the United States remove the North Korean government from power?
d) Should the United States increase financial support to Afghanistan?
e) Should the United States increase military support to Afghanistan?
Yesf) Other or expanded principles

Regarding d & e: The U.S. should fulfill its commitment to stabalize the new government of Afghanistan and help reestablish an economy for the country

3) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the United Nations.
Yesa) Should the United States maintain its financial support of the United Nations?
Nob) Should the United States decrease its financial support of the United Nations?
Yesc) Should the United States commit troops to United Nations peacekeeping missions?
Yesd) Other or expanded principles

Regarding c: I support U.S. troops being used in U.N. peacekeeping missions, so long as American troops remain under the command of American officers in the field

Yes4) Should the United States lift the travel ban to Cuba?
Yes5) Should the United States increase its financial support to Colombia to combat "the war on drugs"?
Yes6) Should aid to African nations for AIDS prevention programs fund distribution of contraceptives?
Yes7) Should aid to African nations for AIDS prevention fund abstinence education?
8) Other or expanded principles
International Trade
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding international trade.
Yes1) Do you support the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)?
Yes2) Do you support the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)?
Yes3) Do you support continued U.S. membership in the World Trade Organization (WTO)?
Yes4) Should a nation's human rights record affect its normal trade relations (most favored nation) status with the United States?
No5) Do you support the trade embargo against Cuba?
Yes6) Should trade agreements include provisions to address environmental concerns and to protect workers' rights?
7) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding national security.
Yesa) Do you support using military tribunals to try suspected terrorists when ordinary civilian courts are deemed inappropriate or impractical?
Yesb) Should the United States adopt stricter rules for student visa applications from nations known to sponsor terrorism?
c) Should the United States grant law enforcement agencies greater discretion to read mail and email, tap phones, and conduct random searches to prevent future terrorist attacks?
Yesd) Should the United States hold foreign states accountable for terrorists who operate in their country?
Yese) Should the federal government increase funding to states and cities for homeland security?
Nof) Do you support a policy of pre-emptive strikes against countries deemed to be a threat to national security?
Yesg) Other or expanded principles

Regarding c: The PATRIOT Act, which I supported, has extended new powers for U.S. law enforcement to investigate suspected terrorists / Regarding f: I support taking steps necessary to protect the security of U.S. citizens

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Social Security.
a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves.
b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government.
c) Invest a portion of Social Security assets collectively in stocks and bonds instead of United States Treasury securities.
d) Increase the payroll tax to better finance Social Security in its current form.
e) Lower the annual cost-of-living increases.
f) Raise the retirement age for when individuals are eligible to receive full Social Security benefits.
g) Other of expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding technology and communication.
a) Collect taxes on commercial Internet transactions.
Xb) Continue the moratorium on Internet taxation.
c) Implement regulation of Internet content.
Xd) Support government mandates to curtail violent and sexual content on television.
Xe) Support strict penalties for Internet crimes (e.g. hacking, identity theft, worms/viruses).
Xf) Support legislation to detail how personal information can be collected and used on the Internet.
g) Regulating the Internet is not a responsibility of the federal government.
Xh) Impose regulations on "spam" emails.
Xi) Other or expanded principles

Regarding a & b: I oppose taxing access to the Internet but support legislation to allow communities and states to collect sales tax on purchases over the Internet

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding welfare and poverty.
a) Require welfare recipients to spend at least 40 hours a week in a combination of work and training programs.
Xb) Increase funding for child care programs.
c) Continue to give states and local governments flexibility in and responsibility for welfare programs through federal block grants.
d) Direct federal poverty aid through religious, community-based, or other non-profit organizations.
e) Abolish all federal welfare programs.
Xf) Support housing assistance for low-income families.
g) Other or expanded principles
On an attached page, disk, or via email, please explain in a total of 75 words or less, your top two or three priorities if elected. If they require additional funding for implementation, please explain how you would obtain this funding.

Veterans - ....I have compiled a list of ten action items into a "Soldier's Bill of Rights" and plan to carry through on my promise to improve benefits and opporturnities for soldiers and veterans. My "Soldier's Bill of Rights" can be found on my website at www.blanche04.org.

Deficit - ....Congress must take steps to reduce our nation's budget deficit. This includes efforts to repeal tax cuts for the ultra wealthy to preserve Social Security and Medicare for future beneficiaries.

Working Famalies -.... I have introduced legislation in the Senate to encourage small business owners to offer health care to their employees. I have also worked to expand the child tax credit to low income workers. I have also voted to extend unemployment insurance for laid off workers, reject Bush Administration rules eliminating overtime pay for certain workers, and support increasing the minimum wage.

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