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Ed Pastor's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)

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What is the Political Courage Test?

Issue Positions

In response to the increasing unwillingness of candidates to answer issue questions, Project Vote Smart has researched Presidential and Congressional candidates' public records to determine candidates' likely responses on certain key issues. These issue positions, from the year 2012, are provided below as a courtesy to voters.

Pro-choice Inferred Answer Abortion: Do you generally support pro-choice or pro-life legislation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Edward Pastor. H Amdt 185. 103th Congress. Hyde Amendment. Edward Pastor voted Nay on 06/30/1993. (votesmart.org)
  • Edward Pastor. HR 3682. 106th Congress. Child Custody Protection Act. Edward Pastor voted Nay on 07/15/1998. (votesmart.org)
  • Edward Pastor. H Amdt 509. 111th Congress. Prohibiting Federally Funded Abortion Services. Edward Pastor voted Nay on 11/07/2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Edward Pastor. HR 3660. 106th Congress. Ban on Partial-Birth/Late Term Abortion. Edward Pastor voted Nay on 04/05/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • Edward Pastor. H Amdt 95. 112th Congress. Prohibiting Use of Federal Funds For Planned Parenthood. Edward Pastor voted Nay on 02/18/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • NARAL Pro-Choice America. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. NARAL Pro-Choice America endorsed Edward Pastor in the 2006 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Edward Pastor. H Amdt 187. 105th Congress. Overseas Military Facilities Abortion Amendment. Edward Pastor voted Yea on 06/19/1997. (votesmart.org)
  • Edward Pastor. H Amdt 1017. 106th Congress. Abortion Funding Amendment. Edward Pastor voted Yea on 07/20/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • Planned Parenthood. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Planned Parenthood endorsed Edward Pastor in the 2012 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Planned Parenthood. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Planned Parenthood endorsed Edward Pastor in the 2010 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Edward Pastor. HR 670. 103th Congress. Abortion Counseling Bill. Edward Pastor voted Yea on 03/25/1993. (votesmart.org)
  • Edward Pastor. H Amdt 436. 104th Congress. Overseas Military Abortion Amendment. Edward Pastor voted Yea on 06/15/1995. (votesmart.org)
  • Edward Pastor. HR 3. 112th Congress. Prohibiting Taxpayer Funding of Abortion. Edward Pastor voted Nay on 05/04/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Planned Parenthood. 04/18/2012. "Edward Pastor supported the interests of Planned Parenthood 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Edward Pastor. H Amdt 643. 106th Congress. Abortion Private Funding Restoration Amendment. Edward Pastor voted Yea on 05/20/1998. (votesmart.org)
  • Edward Pastor. H AMDT 209. 109th Congress. Overseas Military Facilities Abortion Amendment. Edward Pastor voted Yea on 05/25/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Edward Pastor. H Amdt 156. 106th Congress. Overseas Military Abortion Amendment. Edward Pastor voted Yea on 06/09/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • NARAL Pro-Choice America. 04/18/2012. "Edward Pastor supported the interests of the NARAL Pro-Choice America 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Family Research Council. 04/18/2012. "Edward Pastor supported the interests of the Family Research Council 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Edward Pastor. S 403. 110th Congress. Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act. Edward Pastor voted Nay on 09/26/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Edward Pastor. H Amdt 722. 106th Congress. Oversea Military Abortions Amendment. Edward Pastor voted Yea on 05/18/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • Edward Pastor. HR 748. 109th Congress. Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act. Edward Pastor voted Nay on 04/27/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Edward Pastor. HR 6099. 110th Congress. Abortion Pain Bill. Edward Pastor voted Nay on 12/06/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • National Organization for Women. 04/18/2012. "On the votes used to calculate its ratings, the National Organization for Women attaches more value to those votes it considers more important. For 2008, the National Organization for Women gave Edward Pastor a rating of 100 percent." (votesmart.org)
  • National Right to Life Committee. 04/18/2012. "Edward Pastor supported the interests of the National Right to Life Committee 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Edward Pastor. H Amdt 882. 106th Congress. Prison Abortion Funding Amendment. Edward Pastor voted Yea on 06/22/2000. (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Afghanistan: Do you support United States' combat operations in Afghanistan? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Peace Action. 04/18/2012. "Edward Pastor supported the interests of the Peace Action 63 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Edward Pastor. H Con Res 28. 112th Congress. Removing Troops from Afghanistan. Edward Pastor voted Yea on 03/17/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Peace Action West. 04/18/2012. "Edward Pastor supported the interests of Peace Action West 63 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Budget: In order to balance the budget, do you support reducing defense spending? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Edward Pastor. H Amdt 13. 112th Congress. Reducing Navy and Air Force Aircraft Procurement. Edward Pastor voted Nay on 02/15/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Edward Pastor. HR 3222. 110th Congress. Department of Defense Appropriations, Fiscal Year 2008. Edward Pastor voted Yea on 08/05/2007. (votesmart.org)
  • Edward Pastor. HR 5010. 108th Congress. Department of Defense Appropriations, Fiscal Year 2003. Edward Pastor voted Yea on 10/10/2002. (votesmart.org)
  • Edward Pastor. HR 4200. 108th Congress. Defense Department FY2005 Authorization Bill. Edward Pastor voted Yea on 05/20/2004. (votesmart.org)
  • Ed Pastor. Homeland Security, a General Statement. 4 October 2008. "I supported the supplemental appropriations legislation that passed the House today, not because I support the war in Iraq, but because I want our servicemen and women in Iraq and Afghanistan to come home safe and soon," Pastor said. "The legislation approved today is a vast improvement over the last supplemental in terms of accountability and focus. It provides the resources to enhance U.S. troop protection and strengthen the Iraqi and Afghan forces whose success is essential to a stable American withdrawal," he added. "In addition, it follows through on our national commitments to tsunami disaster relief, humanitarian assistance to Darfur, and reconstruction aid to Afghanistan. Like most legislation, this supplemental is not perfect, but it is an important step towards meeting our obligation to our troops and our responsibilities as a leader in the world community." (vote-az.org)
  • Edward Pastor. HR 4986. 110th Congress. Defense Authorizations Bill. Edward Pastor voted Nay on 01/16/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Edward Pastor. HR 4939. 110th Congress. Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2006. Edward Pastor voted Yea on 06/13/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Edward Pastor. HR 1363. 112th Congress. 2011 Department of Defense Budget and Additional Continuing Appropriations. Edward Pastor voted Nay on 04/07/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Edward Pastor. HR 2642. 110th Congress. Funding for Operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. Edward Pastor voted Nay on 06/19/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Edward Pastor. HR 2561. 106th Congress. Defense Department Appropriations bill, FY2000. Edward Pastor voted Yea on 07/22/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Edward Pastor. HR 5631. 110th Congress. Defense Department FY2007 Appropriations Bill. Edward Pastor voted Yea on 06/20/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Edward Pastor. HR 5631. 110th Congress. Department Defense Appropriations Act, FY 2007. Edward Pastor voted Did Not Vote on 09/26/2006. (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Budget: In order to balance the budget, do you support an income tax increase on any tax bracket? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • National Taxpayers Union. 04/18/2012. "Edward Pastor supported reasonable tax and spending policies as defined by the National Taxpayers Union 10 percent of the time in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Tax Reform. 04/18/2012. "Edward Pastor supported the interests of the Americans for Tax Reform 0 percent in 2007." (votesmart.org)
  • Edward Pastor. HR 1836. 107th Congress. Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act, 2001. Edward Pastor voted Nay on 05/16/2001. (votesmart.org)
  • Ed Pastor. Deficit Solutions Must Strengthen Americans. May 23, 2011. "All this would happen while the House leadership would continue to give massive tax breaks and subsi-dies to both domestic- and foreign-owned oil companies and other companies that continue to ship American jobs overseas, make tax cuts for the wealthiest perma-nent, add $1 trillion to the deficit, and cut education for children while raising college costs for nearly 10 mil-lion students, according to the Democratic leadership." (votesmart.org)
  • Ed Pastor. Congressman Pastor Helps Secure Unemployment Benefits for Americans who have Earned Them. July 22, 2010. "Never before has America turned its back on millions of American families as they struggled to make ends meet with this level of unemployment," Pastor said Thursday. "Yet the same Republicans, who want to increase our deficit by extending massive tax breaks for the wealthiest Americans, were willing to leave average Americans to fend for themselves and vote against a proven job-creation measure. I am proud to stand up for our economy and for American families and make sure they have the unemployment benefits they've worked so hard to earn." (votesmart.org)
  • Ed Pastor. Letter to The Honorable Barack H. Obama, President of the United States. 11 July 2011. "Second, revenue increases must be a meaningful part of any agreement. Tax breaks benefiting the very richest Americans should be eliminated as part of this deal. Republican insistence on protecting these tax breaks will force middle-class families to shoulder the burden of even deeper budget cuts, and this is unacceptable." (votesmart.org)
  • Citizens for Tax Justice. 04/18/2012. "Edward Pastor supported the interests of the Citizens for Tax Justice 100 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Economy: Do you support federal spending as a means of promoting economic growth? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • The Club for Growth. 04/18/2012. "On the votes used to calculate its ratings, The Club for Growth attaches more value to those votes it considers more important. For 2010, The Club for Growth gave Edward Pastor a rating of 5 percent." (votesmart.org)
  • Edward Pastor. HR 1424. 110th Congress. Financial Asset Purchase Authority and Tax Law Amendments. Edward Pastor voted Yea on 10/03/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Prosperity. 04/18/2012. "Edward Pastor supported the interests of the Americans for Prosperity 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Edward Pastor. HR 5297. 112th Congress. Small Business Lending Fund and Tax Law Amendments. Edward Pastor voted Yea on 09/23/2010. (votesmart.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Economy: Do you support providing tax incentives to businesses for the purpose of job creation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Ed Pastor. Rep. Pastor Introduces Bill to Help Victims of Domestic Violence with Employment. 29 September 2007/ "Pastor recently introduced the Employment Assistance for Victims of Domestic Abuse Act of 2007, or H.R. 3576, which would help assist victims of domestic violence through a limited demonstration program that could later be expanded to include more participants. H.R. 3576 proposes to provide small business employers with a one-year tax incentive for hiring victims of domestic violence. The tax incentive is designed to help open the door to independence for persons with little or no previous employment history by giving them the opportunity to learn a trade and develop a proven work record, Pastor said. It targets small businesses for the explicit purpose of assisting local companies and enterprises that frequently operate on narrow profit margins. 'I see this as a great benefit not only for victims of domestic violence, but for mom-and-pop operations to lower their operating costs while also enjoying the benefit of hard-working and eager employees,' said Pastor." (www.pastor.house.gov)
  • Edward Pastor. HR 2488. 106th Congress. Financial Freedom Act of 1999. Edward Pastor voted Nay on 08/05/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Edward Pastor. HR 2. 108th Congress. Jobs and Economic Growth bill. Edward Pastor voted Nay on 05/23/2003. (votesmart.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Education: Do you support requiring states to implement education reforms in order to be eligible for competitive federal grants? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Edward Pastor. HR 1804. 104th Congress. Goals 2000: Educate America Act. Edward Pastor voted Yea on 03/23/1994. (votesmart.org)
  • Ed Pastor. No Child Left Behind Act, a General Statement. 4 October 2008. "The report, entitled 'GOP Funding Bill Shorchanges America's Children by Underfunding Key Educational Priorities: A State-by-State Report,' was prepared by the Democratic staff of the House Appropriations Committee. Pastor is a member of the committee. Pastor explained that the Republican leadership in Congress rejected efforts to fully fund reforms required by the Federal No Child Left Behind law. Therefore, thousands of children will be shortchanged and local school districts will struggle to meet expensive new federal requirements. The report, released in Washington, D.C., Monday, described the impact of the House Republican education funding bill, which provides $9.5 billion less for the bipartisan No Child Left Behind Act than was promised under the Act. The U.S. House of Representatives passed the bill in September - and now goes to the U.S. Senate. In contrast to the Republican record, Democrats have been seeking to fully fund the No Child Left Behind Act and Rep. Pastor has signed a discharge petition to bring a full funding bill, H.R. 4473, to the House Floor. Democrats also sought to amend the House Republican funding bill by adding $5.7 billion for education." (vote-az.org)
  • Ed Pastor. Issue Position: Education. 1 January 2012. "As a former chemistry teacher, I believe that education is a lifelong activity that is essential not only to improving the lives of individuals, but to improving the health, security and prosperity of our communities. The federal government plays an important role in expanding educational opportunities. Early childhood educational resources are a key to sustained educational achievement, so I have always supported programs such as Head Start." (votesmart.org)
  • Edward Pastor. HR 2300. 106th Congress. Academic Achievement for All Act. Edward Pastor voted Nay on 10/21/1999. (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Energy: Do you support reducing restrictions on offshore energy production? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Edward Pastor. HR 1230. 112th Congress. Offshore Leasing Act. Edward Pastor voted Nay on 05/05/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Edward Pastor. H Amdt 773. 112th Congress. Ending Moratorium on Deepwater Drilling Rigs that Meet Certain Safety Standards. Edward Pastor voted Nay on 07/30/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Edward Pastor. HR 3534. 112th Congress. Offshore Drilling Regulations and Other Energy Law Amendments. Edward Pastor voted Yea on 07/30/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Environment America. 04/18/2012. "Edward Pastor supported the interests of Environment America 100 percent in 2009." (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Environment: Do you support the federal regulation of greenhouse gas emissions? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • League of Conservation Voters. 04/18/2012. "Edward Pastor supported the interests of the League of Conservation Voters 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed Edward Pastor in the 2010 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed Edward Pastor in the 2004 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Edward Pastor. HR 2454. 111th Congress. Energy and Environmental Law Amendments ("Cap and Trade"). Edward Pastor voted Yea on 06/26/2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Environment America. 04/18/2012. "Edward Pastor supported the interests of Environment America 100 percent in 2009." (votesmart.org)
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed Edward Pastor in the 2006 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Edward Pastor. HR 910. 112th Congress. Energy Tax Prevention Act. Edward Pastor voted Nay on 04/07/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed Edward Pastor in the 2002 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed Edward Pastor in the 2012 general election. (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Guns: Do you support restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Edward Pastor. H AMDT 1156. 110th Congress. Trigger Lock Amendment. Edward Pastor voted Nay on 06/28/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Dan Nowicki. Azcentral.com: Guns in Arizona: Gun-control support often politically risky. 9 July 2011. "U.S. Rep. Ed Pastor, D-Ariz., voted for the assault-weapons ban despite possible political ramifications back home. He said the gun-control vote likely cost the jobs of some colleagues, most notably House Judiciary Committee Chairman Jack Brooks, D-Texas, a congressional giant whose career dated to the early 1950s and who rode in the motorcade in which President John F. Kennedy was killed." [¦] "People in Washington felt that, coming from Arizona, I was going to catch a lot of heat, which I did," said Pastor, now the senior member of Arizona's U.S. House delegation. "But I also found out that there were people who were very reasonable. They said, 'I don't need an assault weapon to go hunting.' I supported the ban on assault weapons, and it was a trying time, but I was able to overcome it." (www.azcentral.com)
  • Edward Pastor. HR 2122. 106th Congress. Mandatory Gun Show Background Check Act. Edward Pastor voted Nay on 06/18/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Edward Pastor. S 397. 109th Congress. Firearms Manufacturers Protection Bill. Edward Pastor voted Nay on 10/20/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Edward Pastor. HR 125. 104th Congress. Gun Ban Repeal Act of 1995. Edward Pastor voted Nay on 03/22/1996. (votesmart.org)
  • Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. 04/18/2012. "Edward Pastor supported the interests of the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence 100 percent from 1988-2003 (Senate) or 1991-2003 (House)." (votesmart.org)
  • Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence endorsed Edward Pastor in the 2010 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Edward Pastor. HR 1025. 103th Congress. Brady Handgun Bill. Edward Pastor voted Yea on 11/10/1993. (votesmart.org)
  • Edward Pastor. HR 4296. 104th Congress. Regulation of Semi-Automatic Assault Weapons. Edward Pastor voted Yea on 05/05/1994. (votesmart.org)
  • Gun Owners of America. 04/18/2012. "In 2010 Gun Owners of America gave Edward Pastor a grade of 9." (votesmart.org)
  • Edward Pastor. H Amdt 390. 103th Congress. Instant Background Checks for Gun Purchase Amendment. Edward Pastor voted Nay on 11/10/1993. (votesmart.org)
  • Edward Pastor. HR 6842. 110th Congress. Repealing Portions of the D.C. Firearm Ban. Edward Pastor voted Nay on 09/17/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence endorsed Edward Pastor in the 2008 general election. (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Health Care: Do you support repealing the 2010 Affordable Care Act? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Ed Pastor. Rep. Pastor Supports Health Care Reform Bill H.R. 3590. March 20, 2010. "My decision to vote in support of this legislation was one of the most difficult and most important decisions I have made in my Congressional career," Pastor said. "Health care reform has been a priority of mine since I was first elected to Congress. Accordingly, I introduced legislation in a previous Congress stating that health care is a right, not a privilege, and I continue to believe this." (votesmart.org)
  • Ed Pastor. Repealing the Job-Killing Health Care Law Act. January 19, 2011. "Madam Speaker, I rise today in opposition of H.R. 2 and I am disappointed that the House has acted to repeal the landmark health reform legislation we passed last year. This act represents a huge step backwards in ensuring that everyone has access to affordable health care. This bill flies in the face of the idea that health care is a right and that everyone deserves access to care. The repeal of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (P.L. 111-142) and the health provisions in the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act (P.L. 111-152) will have a major impact on the people in my district. Without maintaining the strong protections enacted under these laws, hundreds of thousands of people in the 4th district, including 60,000 children, could be denied coverage because of a preexisting condition." (votesmart.org)
  • Ed Pastor. Repeal of health care reform could negatively affect constituents. January 19, 2011. "With our economy struggling to get back on track, repealing health care will deny hundreds of small businesses and thousands of families in my district crucial tax credits to help offset the cost of coverage." (www.pastor.house.gov)
  • Edward Pastor. HR 2. 112th Congress. Repealing the Health Care Bill. Edward Pastor voted Nay on 01/19/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • American Public Health Association. 04/18/2012. "Edward Pastor supported the interests of the American Public Health Association 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Immigration: Do you support requiring illegal immigrants to return to their country of origin before they are eligible for citizenship? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Edward Pastor. HR 5281. 112th Congress. DREAM Act. Edward Pastor voted Yea on 12/08/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Federation for American Immigration Reform. 04/18/2012. "Edward Pastor supported the interests of the Federation for American Immigration Reform 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute. 04/18/2012. "Edward Pastor supported the interests of National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute 92 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Edward Pastor. HR 4437. 109th Congress. Border Security Bill. Edward Pastor voted Nay on 12/16/2005. (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Marriage: Do you support same-sex marriage? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Edward Pastor. H J Res 88. 110th Congress. Same-Sex Marriage Resolution. Edward Pastor voted Nay on 07/18/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Traditional Values Coalition. 04/18/2012. "Edward Pastor supported the interests of the Traditional Values Coalition 14 percent in 2006" (votesmart.org)
  • Edward Pastor. HR 2965. 112th Congress. Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act. Edward Pastor voted Yea on 12/15/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Family Research Council. 04/18/2012. "Edward Pastor supported the interests of the Family Research Council 0 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • Edward Pastor. HR 3685. 110th Congress. Sexual Orientation Employment Nondiscrimination Act (ENDA). Edward Pastor voted Yea on 11/07/2007. (votesmart.org)
  • American Civil Liberties Union. 04/18/2012. "Edward Pastor supported the interests of the American Civil Liberties Union 100 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • American Family Association. 04/18/2012. "Edward Pastor supported the interests of the American Family Association 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Human Rights Campaign. 04/18/2012. "Edward Pastor supported the interests of the Human Rights Campaign 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Ed Pastor. Pelosi, Nadler, 130 House Members File Amicus Brief on Federal Case Against DOMA. 10 July 2012. "Heightened scrutiny applies: the brief agrees with Justice Department's position that lesbians and gay men are an identifiable minority group that lack sufficient political power to obtain the consistent and favorable treatment of lawmakers; as a result, they need the protection that heightened judicial review provides. Congress's treatment of gay men and lesbians illustrates that this group has been unable to prevent harmful laws or achieve desired policy results that directly impact their lives. Gay men and lesbians are a historically disfavored minority that has often been targeted for legislative action based on stereotypes and bias, making it inappropriate for courts to grant laws like DOMA the same presumption of validity afforded to most acts of Congress. Instead, laws that single out gay men and lesbians for harm warrant judicial skepticism and heightened review. This requires the government to show that Section 3 serves a significant federal interest, and even BLAG seems to concede that it loses under this standard. Even under rational basis as applied by the Supreme Court in cases where the rights of a minority are at stake, Section 3 is unconstitutional. Section 3 does not achieve, but undermines, the actual interests served by the programs that take marital status into account, and denying recognition to couples who already are married under state law does not rationally serve any of the reasons relied upon by Congress in 1996 or created in response to this litigation [¦] In 1996 when DOMA was enacted, lesbians and gay men could not marry anywhere in the world. At that time, Congress acted with regrettable haste and without respect for its longstanding practice of respecting state marriages for purposes of federal law. That practice had served Congress's interests in promoting stability and security for American families; it was a mistake to abandon it. Congress has no legitimate federal interest that is rationally served by treating married gay and lesbian couples as unmarried for all federal purposes. Section 3 is unconstitutional and should be struck down." (votesmart.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer National Security: Do you support targeting suspected terrorists outside of official theaters of conflict? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Ed Pastor. ED PASTOR. "During his legislative career, Pastor has voted: [¦] against the Anti-Terrorism Act of 2001." (www.discoverthenetworks.org)
No Inferred Answer Social Security: Do you support allowing individuals to divert a portion of their Social Security taxes into personal retirement accounts? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Ed Pastor signed Progressive Change Campaign Committee: Social Security Protectors. "Social Security belongs to the people who have worked hard all their lives and contributed to it. Social Security is a promise that must not be broken. We need to strengthen Social Security, not cut it. That is why I oppose any cuts to Social Security benefits, including increasing the retirement age. I also oppose any effort to privatize Social Security, in whole or in part." (socialsecurityprotectors.com)
  • Alliance for Retired Americans. 04/18/2012. "Edward Pastor supported the interests of the Alliance for Retired Americans 100 percent in 2008." (votesmart.org)

Key

Candidate Answer

Official Position: Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.

Inferred Answer

Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Project Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.

Unknown Answer

Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue.

Project Vote Smart's Research: Click on this icon to reveal more information about this candidate's position.

Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as the candidate has submitted it. Project Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

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