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Paul Ryan's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)

Office: U.S. House (WI) - District 1, Republican Speaker of the House
Project Vote Smart does not permit the use of its name or programs in any campaign activity, including advertising, debates, and speeches.
Paul Ryan has refused to provide voters with positions on key issues covered by the 2014 Political Courage Test, despite repeated requests. Paul Ryan is still welcome to submit the test at any time.

What is the Political Courage Test?

Issue Positions

In response to the increasing unwillingness of candidates to answer issue questions, Project Vote Smart has researched Presidential and Congressional candidates' public records to determine candidates' likely responses on certain key issues. These issue positions, from the year 2014, are provided below as a courtesy to voters.

Pro-life Inferred Answer Abortion: Do you generally support pro-choice or pro-life legislation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Paul Ryan. Affordable Health Care for America Act. 7 November 2009. "For those of us who support the protection of and the sanctity of life, the only vote, the right vote, the vote to keep a clean conscience is a 'yes' vote for the Stupak amendment." (
  • NARAL Pro-Choice America. 04/18/2012. "Paul Ryan supported the interests of the NARAL Pro-Choice America 0 percent in 2010." (
  • Paul Ryan. H Amdt 509. 111th Congress. Prohibiting Federally Funded Abortion Services. Paul Ryan voted Yea on 11/07/2009. (
  • National Organization for Women. 04/18/2012. "On the votes used to calculate its ratings, the National Organization for Women attaches more value to those votes it considers more important. For 2008, the National Organization for Women gave Paul Ryan a rating of 13 percent." (
  • Paul Ryan. HR 748. 109th Congress. Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act. Paul Ryan voted Yea on 04/27/2005. (
  • Paul Ryan. H Amdt 95. 112th Congress. Prohibiting Use of Federal Funds For Planned Parenthood. Paul Ryan voted Yea on 02/18/2011. (
  • Paul Ryan. HR 6099. 110th Congress. Abortion Pain Bill. Paul Ryan voted Yea on 12/06/2006. (
  • Paul Ryan. H Amdt 722. 106th Congress. Oversea Military Abortions Amendment. Paul Ryan voted Nay on 05/18/2000. (
  • Paul Ryan. H AMDT 209. 109th Congress. Overseas Military Facilities Abortion Amendment. Paul Ryan voted Nay on 05/25/2005. (
  • Paul Ryan. H Amdt 1017. 106th Congress. Abortion Funding Amendment. Paul Ryan voted Nay on 07/20/2000. (
  • National Right to Life Committee. 04/18/2012. "Paul Ryan supported the interests of the National Right to Life Committee 100 percent in 2010." (
  • Paul Ryan. H Amdt 156. 106th Congress. Overseas Military Abortion Amendment. Paul Ryan voted Nay on 06/09/1999. (
  • Paul Ryan. HR 3660. 106th Congress. Ban on Partial-Birth/Late Term Abortion. Paul Ryan voted Yea on 04/05/2000. (
  • Planned Parenthood. 04/18/2012. "Paul Ryan supported the interests of Planned Parenthood 0 percent in 2010." (
  • Paul Ryan. H Amdt 882. 106th Congress. Prison Abortion Funding Amendment. Paul Ryan voted Nay on 06/22/2000. (
  • Family Research Council. 04/18/2012. "Paul Ryan supported the interests of the Family Research Council 87 percent in 2010." (
  • Paul Ryan. HR 3. 112th Congress. Prohibiting Taxpayer Funding of Abortion. Paul Ryan voted Yea on 05/04/2011. (
  • Paul Ryan. S 403. 110th Congress. Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act. Paul Ryan voted Yea on 09/26/2006. (
  • Paul Ryan. Fox News "Fox News Sunday" - Transcript. 21 March 2010. "For those of us in the pro-life movement and the -- and my Democrat friends who are pro-life, that doesn't cut it. A executive order is not something that is permanent law like the Hyde Amendment. So we just do not see that as something sufficient to actually permanently prohibit taxpayer funding of abortions." (
  • Paul Ryan. Sensenbrenner and Ryan Defend the Rights of Pro-Life Employees. 7 January 2009. "Such a flagrant disrespect for the rights of the unborn is deeply troubling [¦] Should University of Wisconsin officials follow through on this effort to compromise the value of human life, it is imperative that the conscience rights of pro-life employees are fully protected. This is an altogether troubling proposition." (
  • Paul Ryan. MSNBC Interview: Transcript. 12 March 2009. "I am personally pro-life. I am a pro-life legislator." (
No Inferred Answer Budget: In order to balance the budget, do you support an income tax increase on any tax bracket? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Americans for Tax Reform. 04/18/2012. "Paul Ryan supported the interests of the Americans for Tax Reform 100 percent in 2007." (
  • Paul Ryan. Economic Club of Chicago Remarks are Prepared for Delivery by Paul Ryan. 16 May 2011. "A simpler, fairer tax code is needed for the individual side, too. Individuals, families, and employers spend over six billion hours and over $160 billion per year figuring out how to pay their taxes. It's time to clear out the tangle of credits and deductions and lower tax rates to promote growth." (
  • National Taxpayers Union. 04/18/2012. "Paul Ryan supported reasonable tax and spending policies as defined by the National Taxpayers Union 92 percent of the time in 2010." (
  • Paul Ryan. Concurrent Resolution on the Budget for Fiscal Year 2012. 15 April 2011. "When our economy is struggling to get out of a very deep recession, over $2 trillion in tax increases I just don't think is responsible. On the alternative, I think what we are offering is responsible. Our budget does four basic things. It gets the economy growing. It keeps taxes where they are and prevents massive tax increases." (
  • Paul Ryan. Cut, Cap, and Balance Act of 2011. 19 July 2011. "Basically, what this says is there is no way you can tax your way out of this problem. We asked the Congressional Budget Office. If we tried to do that--have balance, raise taxes--the tax rates on the next generation would be this: The lowest income tax bracket that lower income people pay, which is 10 percent now, goes to 25 percent. Middle-income taxpayers would pay a 66 percent rate. The top tax rate, which is what all those successful small businesses that create most of our jobs pay, would go to 88 percent [¦] This is unsustainable." (
  • Citizens for Tax Justice. 04/18/2012. "Paul Ryan supported the interests of the Citizens for Tax Justice 0 percent in 2006." (
  • Paul Ryan. HR 1836. 107th Congress. Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act, 2001. Paul Ryan voted Yea on 05/16/2001. (
  • Paul Ryan. Fox News "Fox News Sunday with Chris Wallace." 3 April 2011. "So we're not going to go down the path of raising taxes on people and raising taxes on the economy. We want to go after the source of the problem, and that is spending. So yes, we want pro-growth job reform for job creation, for economic growth, not for tax increasing. We'll go after spending." (
  • Paul Ryan. NBC "Meet the Press" - Transcript. 10 April 2011. "We want job creation, economic growth, and that's why if you go down the tax increase path you're sacrificing the economy; and especially when the fact that the problem we have is spending, not taxes. Spending's the root cause of our deficit and debts. Every time we run a big deficit means more tax increases." (
  • Paul Ryan. Press Conference with Senator Tom Coburn; Senator Richard Burr; Senator Lamar Alexander, Representative Devin Nunes; Representative Paul Ryan. 20 May 2009. "The answer is not a massive new tax increase and massive new spending programs. The answer is to take the money we're already spending and spend it far more efficiently, far more effectively, to reflect the dynamics of the 21st century so that the center of this system is not politicians and bureaucrats making the decisions, the center of this system is patients and their doctors making the decisions." (
  • Paul Ryan. CBS "Face the Nation" - Transcript. 17 April 2011. "So first of all, we're not talking about cutting taxes. We're just not agreeing with the President's tax increases. I guess that's the new definition of tax cuts. We're saying keep tax rates where they are right now. And get rid of all those loopholes and deductions, which by the way are mostly enjoyed by wealthy people, so you can lower tax rates." (
  • Paul Ryan. CBS News “ Transcript. 13 June 2011. "Keep taxes low and get spending under control so we don't have a debt crisis [¦] So, I would go in a different direction than he has gone on fiscal policy. And that's exactly what we've done in the house. Is offered a different direction on fiscal policy. Keep taxes and spending low, not high." (
  • Paul Ryan signed the Americans for Tax Reform Taxpayers Protection Pledge. "I, Paul Ryan, pledge to the taxpayers of the 1 district of the state of Wisconsin and to the American people that I will: ONE, oppose any and all efforts to increase the marginal income tax rate for individuals and business; and TWO, oppose any net reduction or elimination of deductions and credits, unless matched dollar for dollar by further reducing tax rates." (
No Inferred Answer Economy: Do you support federal spending as a means of promoting economic growth? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Paul Ryan. Hearing of the House Budget Committee “ The State of the U.S. Economy. 9 February 2011. "Endless borrowing is not a strategy. We must restore the foundations of economic growth -- low taxes, spending restraint, reasonable regulations, and sound money -- to help restart the engines of economic growth and job creation. We must not neglect the 'sound money' part of the equation. The Federal Reserve has undertaken another round of quantitative easing -- purchasing Treasury bonds in an attempt to lower borrowing costs and stimulate the economy." (
  • Paul Ryan. HR 1. 111th United States Congress. The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. Paul Ryan voted NO on 28 January 2009. Project Vote Smart Summary: (
  • Paul Ryan. Issue Position: Jobs & Economy. 14 August 2012. "The mounting economic hardships throughout Southern Wisconsin -- from mass layoffs to growing insecurity -- have been downright gut-wrenching. Families are finding it more difficult to make ends meet while they watch their savings evaporate. As Congress takes action to help spur economic recovery, it must adhere to the principle of first and foremost -- do no harm. To this end, any "stimulus' package Congress considers should be focused on protecting the taxpayer and avoid prolonging our decline by simply throwing borrowed money at the problem." (
  • Paul Ryan. Twitter: RepPaulRyan. 8 July 2011. "What is certain, is that more spending, more taxes & more punting of responsibility will only mean more weak job reports." (
  • Americans for Prosperity. 04/18/2012. "Paul Ryan supported the interests of the Americans for Prosperity 95 percent in 2010." (
  • The Club for Growth. 04/18/2012. "On the votes used to calculate its ratings, The Club for Growth attaches more value to those votes it considers more important. For 2010, The Club for Growth gave Paul Ryan a rating of 97 percent." (
  • Paul Ryan. HR 1424. 110th Congress. Financial Asset Purchase Authority and Tax Law Amendments. Paul Ryan voted Yea on 10/03/2008. (
  • Paul Ryan. HR 5297. 112th Congress. Small Business Lending Fund and Tax Law Amendments. Paul Ryan voted Nay on 09/23/2010. (
  • Paul Ryan. CBO Offers Latest Warning on Alarming Budget Deficit and Painful Jobs Deficit. 24 August 2011. "The Congressional Budget Office has again warned policymakers of the urgent need to get Washington's fiscal house in order. This reports confirms again that years of reckless overspending have not produced the economic growth or the jobs that the President promised and that American families need." (
  • Paul Ryan. Cut, Cap, and Balance Act of 2011. 19 July 2011. "We can't keep spending money we don't have. Forty-two cents out of every dollar coming out of Washington--it's borrowed money. Let's take a look at where it's coming from. We're borrowing it, 47 percent of it, from other countries--China number one. Mr. Speaker, you can't have sovereignty, self-determination as a country, if we are relying on other governments to cash-flow half of our deficit." (
  • Paul Ryan. The Janesville Gazette “ Rep. Paul Ryan Awaiting Details on Debt Deal. 16 July 2011. "Spending is the problem. The kinds of spending cuts being talked about fall so far short of what's necessary to avoid a debt crisis in this country... This moment I don't believe will be the one where we'll solve all of our fiscal problems, but we'll get a down payment on them. [¦] I believe it's important that we cut spending to keep our interest rates low so our economy has a chance to heal. That's what's most important, here." (
  • Paul Ryan. Obama's Economic Experiment Has Failed “ Time to Get Back to What Works. 13 June 2011. "The president clearly inherited a difficult fiscal and economic situation when he took office. But his response to the crisis has been woefully inadequate [...] The stimulus spending spree failed to create jobs." (
No Inferred Answer Education: Do you support requiring states to implement education reforms in order to be eligible for competitive federal grants? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Paul Ryan. HR 2300. 106th Congress. Academic Achievement for All Act. Paul Ryan voted Yea on 10/21/1999. (
  • Paul Ryan. Issue Position: Education. 15 September 2011. "While states would continue to receive federal aid, [The A-PLUS Act] would provide states freedom from one-size-fits-all mandates. Importantly, accountability would remain an integral part of this legislation [...] This bill will be an important way to allow educators who are close to the students to decide upon policy, rather than forcing them to comply with burdensome federal program requirements." (
  • Paul Ryan. Issue Position: Education. "In an effort to reform NCLB and federal education policy, I have been a vocal supporter of the bipartisan A-PLUS Act. This initiative seeks to improve student achievement by empowering those in the best position to make curriculum decisions: parents, teachers, the school districts, and states. Many educators and parents have expressed frustration with the numerous federal requirements that have come with NCLB funding. The A-PLUS Act allows local school districts to implement their own, individual education plans. While still allowing for federal support, it would provide States freedom from the onerous one-size-fits-all mandates. Accountability would remain an integral part of this legislation, while the most critical decisions would be made by educators who are closest to the students, rather than bureaucrats in Washington." (
  • Paul Ryan. Education. 14 August 2012. "The H.R.2055 conference report “ a new bill reflecting changes passed in the Senate “ passed the House on December 16, 2011, and provides a total of $71.3 billion for the Department of Education, a $153 million less than Fiscal Year 2011. This funding level includes $14.5 billion for Title I Grants to local school districts, a continuation of the current maximum Pell Grant level of $5,550, $11.6 billion for Special Education programs and eliminates funding for the "Race to the Top" initiative. [¦] Rather than relying on the federal government to ensure that students are given the capability to fulfill their potential, education ought to be governed by state and local boards more ably qualified to determine student need." (
  • Paul Ryan. Education: A-Plus. 14 August 2012. "Introduced by Representative Bishop (R-UT) in July 2011, H.R.2514, the Academic Partnerships Lead Us to Success (A-PLUS) Act, would allow states to opt out of NCLB, giving them greater flexibility to appropriately meet state educational needs. With the approval of at least two of three state entities (Governor, State Legislature, state education agency), states would enter into a five-year performance agreement with the Secretary of Education and would be required to demonstrate uniform increased academic achievement as well as provide disaggregated performance data from various demographic groups. A-PLUS limits federal influence over state education programs and provides relief from the imposition of NCLB's top-down reform policies, and I have signed on as a co-sponsor of this bill." (
Yes Inferred Answer Energy: Do you support building the Keystone XL pipeline? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

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No Inferred Answer Environment: Do you support the federal regulation of greenhouse gas emissions? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Paul Ryan. House Passes Punitive Cap-And-Tax Bill. 26 June 2009. "The center of the deeply flawed H.R. 2454 is a cap-and-trade scheme aimed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by increasing energy costs on all Americans [¦] Without regard for the detrimental economic consequences, the proponents of the legislation believe this unilateral energy tax would help reduce global temperatures by a fraction of a degree by the end of the century." (
  • Paul Ryan. Issue Position: Energy. 13 September 2011. "On June 26, 2009, the House passed sweeping legislation under the guise of curbing global greenhouse emissions. H.R. 2454, the American Clean Energy and Security Act, would achieve this by putting in place a complicated 'cap-and-trade' scheme requiring all energy producers to purchase expensive government permits in exchange for the right to produce energy from certain natural resources or to produce certain goods like steel, aluminum, or cement. The legislation will devastate our economy and cost Wisconsin critical manufacturing jobs." (
  • Paul Ryan. Sensenbrenner, Ryan Urge Export-Import Bank to Reverse India Plant Ruling. 29 June 2010. "The Administration's actions show that attempting to reduce reducing global warming -- by a fraction of a degree over the next century -- is a higher priority than keeping Wisconsin residents employed now. The vibrancy and competitiveness of the American economy should never take a back seat to political ideology and it's reprehensible that the Administration has arrived at the faulty conclusion that we are incapable of enacting energy policies that are both environmentally friendly and economically beneficial," said Ryan, Ranking Republican on the House Budget Committee. "American products and workers can compete with the best in the world, if they are given a chance -- unfortunately, in this instance, they were not. Should the Administration fail to reverse this decision, or worse, should it continue with muscling through a byzantine cap-and-trade scheme, we need only to look to Bucyrus to see the repercussions." (
  • Paul Ryan. HR 2454. 111th Congress. Energy and Environmental Law Amendments ("Cap and Trade"). Paul Ryan voted Nay on 06/26/2009. (
  • Paul Ryan. HR 910. 112th Congress. Energy Tax Prevention Act. Paul Ryan voted Yea on 04/07/2011. (
  • League of Conservation Voters. 04/18/2012. "Paul Ryan supported the interests of the League of Conservation Voters 20 percent in 2010." (
  • Environment America. 04/18/2012. "Paul Ryan supported the interests of Environment America 13 percent in 2009." (
  • Paul Ryan. Restoring the Rule of Law. 15 September 2011. "In 2007, a wrongheaded Supreme Court decision cleared the way for the Environmental Protection Agency to unilaterally regulate greenhouse gases if the agency found that such gases "may reasonably be anticipated to endanger public health or welfare." As soon as Obama's EPA chief took office, "reasonably" was unreasonably defined, and the agency issued finding after finding that would produce real economic harm in exchange for distant -- and dubious -- environmental ends. With Nancy Pelosi and Harry Reid running Congress, the Administration first pushed for legislation resembling the European Union's cap-and-trade system. Because of the EPA's power grab, affected industries faced the "good cop, bad cop" routine: It was either play ball with Pelosi, or else the EPA could be counted on to come up with something worse. Given the options, it's no surprise that a "Who's Who" of big corporations lined up to support the bill once their priorities were met, even though most Americans remained strongly opposed." (
No Inferred Answer Guns: Do you support restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Paul Ryan. Ryan Hails "Landmark Affirmation of Our Constitutional Rights." 26 June 2008. "This is a landmark affirmation of our constitutional rights. As an avid outdoorsman and hunter, I've long been an advocate of the rights of gun owners who use firearms responsibly, while working to punish those who use guns to commit crimes. For over three decades, the D.C. gun ban has stripped citizens of their right to keep and bear arms - a clear violation of the Second Amendment. This decision will reverberate for years as a victory for individual liberty." (
  • Paul Ryan. HR 6842. 110th Congress. Repealing Portions of the D.C. Firearm Ban. Paul Ryan voted Yea on 09/17/2008. (
  • Paul Ryan. Ryan Votes to Prevent Reckless Lawsuits Against Firearms, Food Service Businesses. 20 October 2005. "Wisconsinites know it isn't right to sue a restaurant simply because of the choices made by its customers, or to sue a responsible gun shop owner if someone uses a gun bought there to commit a crime. While these kinds of lawsuits may seem like a joke, they have the potential to hurt small businesses and cost jobs, as employers have to shell out legal fees to defend themselves from ridiculous charges," Ryan said. "We're trying to reinforce an age-old, common-sense standard of law and discourage abuses of our legal system that can hurt upstanding businesses." (
  • Paul Ryan. S 397. 109th Congress. Firearms Manufacturers Protection Bill. Paul Ryan voted Yea on 10/20/2005. (
  • National Rifle Association. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. National Rifle Association endorsed Paul Ryan in the 2010 general election. (
  • Gun Owners of America. 04/18/2012. "In 2010 Gun Owners of America gave Paul Ryan a grade of 82." (
  • Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. 04/18/2012. "Paul Ryan supported the interests of the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence 11 percent from 1988-2003 (Senate) or 1991-2003 (House)." (
  • Paul Ryan. H AMDT 1156. 110th Congress. Trigger Lock Amendment. Paul Ryan voted Yea on 06/28/2006. (
  • Paul Ryan. HR 2122. 106th Congress. Mandatory Gun Show Background Check Act. Paul Ryan voted Yea on 06/18/1999. (
  • Paul Ryan. Sportsmen's Heritage Act of 2012. 17 April 2012. "Madam Chair, as an avid outdoorsman and member of the bipartisan Congressional Sportsmen's Caucus, I am grateful for the opportunity to voice my support for H.R. 4089, the Sportsmen's Heritage Act. This legislation clarifies federal policies for the management of sporting activities on public lands and protects opportunities for recreational hunting, fishing, and shooting. I commend the House Committee on Natural Resources for their commitment to preserving the legacy of conservation and upholding Second Amendment rights, and I urge my colleagues to vote in favor of this important legislation." (
  • Robert Pear. The New York Times: As Ryan Looks to Focus on Economy, Spotlight Shines on His Other Views. 12 August 2012. "Appearing on C-Span shortly after he was first elected to Congress in 1998, Mr. Ryan said, 'I do not think that more gun control laws are going to solve our crime problems.' He added, 'Gun control is not crime control." Noting that he had lived on Capitol Hill, Mr. Ryan said: 'I've been mugged before. I've heard the gunshots. This city has perhaps the most stringent gun control laws in any city in the country. Yet it has perhaps the greatest crime problems with firearms.'" (
Yes Inferred Answer Health Care: Do you support repealing the 2010 Affordable Care Act? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Paul Ryan. Fortune Magazine “ Broke! Fixing America's Fiscal Crisis. 4 March 2010. "Within a few years a sale of government bonds will fail. The capital markets will go crazy, and the Fed and Treasury will run to Capitol Hill demanding a giant bailout. Adding Obamacare would make the crisis go deeper and arrive faster." (
  • Paul Ryan. Health Care: Path to Prosperity. 14 August 2012. "The House-passed budget repeals the President's disastrous new health care law and protects the health and retirement security of those who need it. With the creation of Medicare in 1965, the United States made a commitment to help fund the medical care of elderly Americans to ensure that a serious illness would not exhaust their life savings or the assets and incomes of their working children and younger relatives." (
  • Paul Ryan. Transcript: Ryan's response to State of the Union. 26 January 2011. "Last week, House Republicans voted for a full repeal of this law [Affordable Care Act], as we pledged to do, and we will work to replace it with fiscally responsible, patient-centered reforms that actually reduce costs and expand coverage." (
  • Paul Ryan. HR 2. 112th Congress. Repealing the Health Care Bill. Paul Ryan voted Yea on 01/19/2011. (
  • American Public Health Association. 04/18/2012. "Paul Ryan supported the interests of the American Public Health Association 0 percent in 2010." (
  • Paul Ryan. Fox News "Your World with Cavuto" - Transcript. 2 June 2011. "We don't affect the benefits for people above 55 years old on Medicare. In fact, we restore their benefits by repealing the Obamacare raid on the Medicare fund and the rationing board they put in charge of Medicare. We repeal that." (
  • Tom Cohen. CNN: Republicans signal a hard-line stance after election success. 8 November 2010. "Some of the Republican opponents of the bill also called for keeping popular provisions touted by Obama and Democrats, such as preventing insurance companies from dropping coverage when people get sick, or denying coverage due to pre-existing conditions. 'We're going to do everything we can to try and repeal and replace this thing,' Republican Rep. Paul Ryan of Wisconsin, expected to be the new chairman of the House Budget Committee, said on 'Fox News Sunday.'" (
Yes Inferred Answer Immigration: Do you support requiring illegal immigrants to return to their country of origin before they are eligible for citizenship? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Paul Ryan. HR 4437. 109th Congress. Border Security Bill. Paul Ryan voted Yea on 12/16/2005. (
  • Paul Ryan. Immigration. 14 August 2012. "However, I do not support amnesty for the millions of illegal immigrants already living in the United States. Any reform proposal must require that those who have disregarded the rule of law are not rewarded for their actions. In the end, I hope that with better border security and a more robust and up-to-date employee verification system, we will be able to stem the flow of illegal immigration and restore the rule of law." (
  • Paul Ryan. Issue Position: Immigration. 13 September 2011. "I believe new legislation should require illegal immigrants seeking a green card or citizenship to leave the United States and reapply in their home country." (
  • Federation for American Immigration Reform. 04/18/2012. "Paul Ryan supported the interests of the Federation for American Immigration Reform 100 percent in 2010." (
  • National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute. 04/18/2012. "Paul Ryan supported the interests of National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute 17 percent in 2010." (
  • Paul Ryan. HR 5281. 112th Congress. DREAM Act. Paul Ryan voted Nay on 12/08/2010. (
No Inferred Answer Marriage: Do you support same-sex marriage? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • American Civil Liberties Union. 04/18/2012. "Paul Ryan supported the interests of the American Civil Liberties Union 14 percent in 2006." (
  • Paul Ryan. NBC "Meet the Press" “ Transcript. 19 February 2012. "But I supported the Wisconsin amendment to define marriage between a man and a woman. Look, Bill Clinton signed into law the Defense of Marriage Act. If I recall from the last presidential campaign, President Obama, Vice President Biden said that they support marriage as being between a man and a woman. So you know, I don't know why we're spending all this time talking about this. We've got a debt crisis coming and the administration just gave us a budget that just simply charts another path to debt and decline. It's an unserious budget that just fails at tackling these challenges and I think that's what we ought to be talking about right now." (
  • Paul Ryan. HR 3685. 110th Congress. Sexual Orientation Employment Nondiscrimination Act (ENDA). Paul Ryan voted Yea on 11/07/2007. (
  • American Family Association. 04/18/2012. "Paul Ryan supported the interests of the American Family Association 93 percent in 2010." (
  • Paul Ryan. HR 2965. 112th Congress. Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act. Paul Ryan voted Nay on 12/15/2010. (
  • Traditional Values Coalition. 04/18/2012. "Paul Ryan supported the interests of the Traditional Values Coalition 85 percent in 2006" (
  • Paul Ryan. H J Res 88. 110th Congress. Same-Sex Marriage Resolution. Paul Ryan voted Yea on 07/18/2006. (
  • Human Rights Campaign. 04/18/2012. "Paul Ryan supported the interests of the Human Rights Campaign 0 percent in 2010." (
  • Family Research Council. 04/18/2012. "Paul Ryan supported the interests of the Family Research Council 85 percent in 2006." (
  • Paul Ryan. Fox News Channel "The O'Reilly Factor" “ Transcript. 7 November 2008. "I completely agree with that. We had those kinds of problems in Wisconsin as well. We did it here at the grass roots. But look, our party went native in a lot of areas. The old Reagan coalition fell apart on one-third of it. we've done some good things on social conservatism. We banned partial-birth abortion. We got good judges. We defended marriage. We've been strong on national defense. Where we fell down is on fiscal conservatism and on economic liberty. We've washed that tenet out of our party." (
  • Paul Ryan. House Votes to Protect Marriage and States' Rights, Prevent Power Play by Federal Judges. 22 July 2004. "I believe fundamentally that marriage is between a man and a woman." (
Unknown Position Unknown Answer National Security: Do you support targeting suspected terrorists outside of official theaters of conflict? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Paul Ryan. Op-Ed: Lessons From Afghanistan. 1 March 2010. "There are many, many more challenges confronting our mission in Afghanistan, but these are the large ones. Compounding these issues is the fact that much of the border between Afghanistan and Pakistan is largely ungoverned. As a result, Taliban insurgents and al-Qaeda terrorists engage coalition forces in Afghanistan, then quickly retreat across the border to safe haven in Pakistan. Until this area is permanently cleared of insurgents on both sides of the border, coalition forces on the Afghan side of the border will face tremendous pressure." (
Yes Inferred Answer Social Security: Do you support allowing individuals to divert a portion of their Social Security taxes into personal retirement accounts? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Paul Ryan. Issue Postion: Social Security. 13 September 2011. "My plan starts by ending the raid on the Social Security Trust Fund. Workers under 55 will have the voluntary option of investing over one-third of their current Social Security taxes into personal retirement accounts. Those who decide to invest a portion of their funds into are guaranteed against a poor market outcome." (
  • Paul Ryan. Outside View: Social Security. 18 March 2005. "The legislative proposal I introduced last year with Sen. John Sununu, R-N.H., would achieve this by allowing younger workers to choose to divert a portion of their Social Security payroll tax-just more than 6 percent on average-into a tax-free personal account. Those who choose this option would own their own account, which would be invested within certain parameters for safety and soundness." (
  • Paul Ryan. The Wall Street Journal Editorial “ Outside the (Lock) Box. 19 July 2004. "This week I am introducing new legislation that empowers workers with the freedom to choose a large personal account option for Social Security, with no benefit cuts or tax increases of any sort, now or in the future. Through these large personal accounts, the bill would increase future retirement benefits and cut future taxes for all workers." (
  • Paul Ryan. Newsweek-Red Alert As Obama's National-debt Panel Prepares for Deliberations, One Congressman Proposes How to Get Back in the Black. 19 February 2010. "My plan offers those now under 55 a choice: continue to take part in traditional Social Security or join a retirement system like Congress's own plan. Future seniors will be able to invest more than a third of their payroll taxes in savings accounts they will own. These accounts will be guaranteed and managed by the federal government - not by a private investment firm." (
  • Paul Ryan. Issue Position: Social Security. 13 September 2011. "I have proposed giving younger workers the voluntary option to invest over one-third of their payroll taxes into personal retirement accounts. These benefits will become the property of the individual, which can be passed onto their heirs. These voluntary retirement accounts also have built-in safeguards to minimize risk -- with a guaranteed minimum benefit, while still allowing for growth far above the chronically low rates of return in our current system." (
  • Alliance for Retired Americans. 04/18/2012. "Paul Ryan supported the interests of the Alliance for Retired Americans 20 percent in 2008." (
  • Paul Ryan. The American Spectator “ The Man With The Plan. 9 April 2010. "Since winning his congressional seat in 1998, Ryan has pushed for tax reform and garnered attention as one of the leaders of the fight for Social Security personal accounts, which he tirelessly campaigned for during President Bush's failed reform effort in 2005." (
  • Paul Ryan. The Promise and Potential of Smart Social Security Reforms. 14 November 2004. "This legislation would give workers the opportunity to invest a good part of their payroll taxes in tax-free personal accounts. These accounts will give those who participate a much better rate of return on their investment than Social Security does, while shielding them from major risk." (
  • Paul Ryan. The Right Reform. 15 February 2005. "By giving younger workers the option of putting a significant part of their wages - say, 6% on average - into personal accounts they own and investing in a secure, government-approved retirement fund, we can eliminate long-term Social Security deficits." (
  • Paul Ryan. Social Security Personal Savings Guarantee and Prosperity Act of 2005. 22 April 2005. "My legislation, the Social Security Personal Savings Guarantee and Prosperity Act of 2005, will give all workers access to a more prosperous retirement through the establishment of personal savings accounts within the current Social Security system. This voluntary proposal maintains a strong safety net guaranteeing that workers would receive at least as much as Social Security promises under current law, without changing survivors' or disability benefits." (


Candidate Answer

Official Position: Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.

Inferred Answer

Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Project Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.

Unknown Answer

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