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Marsha Blackburn

Marsha Blackburn's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)

Full Name: Marsha Blackburn
Office: U.S. House (TN) - District 7, Republican
First Elected: 11/05/2002
Last Elected: 11/06/2012
Next Election: 2014
On The Ballot: Running, Republican for U.S. House - District 7
Primary Aug. 7, 2014
General Nov. 4, 2014
Gender: Female
Family: Husband: Chuck; 2 Children: Mary, Chad
Birth Date: 06/06/1952
Birth Place: Laurel, MS
Home City: Brentwood, TN
Religion: Presbyterian
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Issue Positions

In response to the increasing unwillingness of candidates to answer issue questions, Project Vote Smart has researched Presidential and Congressional candidates' public records to determine candidates' likely responses on certain key issues. These issue positions, from the year 2014, are provided below as a courtesy to voters.

Pro-life Inferred Answer Abortion: Do you generally support pro-choice or pro-life legislation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Marsha Blackburn. "Hold Onto Your Wallet" Congress. 21 June 2011. “If this language stays in the bill, the American taxpayer would be actually paying for an abortion for someone half a world away. I urge my colleagues to vote against new spending and 'no' for taxpayer-sponsored abortions.” (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Tennessee Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "f) Eliminate public funding for abortions and public funding of organizations that advocate or perform abortions."
  • Marsha Blackburn. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Tennessee Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Marsha Blackburn. Issue Position: ProLife. 11 January 2012. “Congressman Blackburn is solidly pro-life and has taken a strong stand in Congress for those who are least able to protect themselves. The nation's largest pro-life organization, National Right To Life, has given Blackburn a 100 percent rating for her pro-life voting record.” (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. Issue Position: Family Issues. 1 January 2011. “Congressman Blackburn is a committed advocate for pro-life policy in the U.S. House, and is dedicating to preserving the traditional institution of marriage.” (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Tennessee Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "f) Prohibit the dilation and extraction procedure, also known as "partial-birth" abortion."
  • Marsha Blackburn. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Tennessee Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Marsha Blackburn. S 403. 110th Congress. Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act. Marsha Blackburn voted Yea on 09/26/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. H AMDT 209. 109th Congress. Overseas Military Facilities Abortion Amendment. Marsha Blackburn voted Nay on 05/25/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • NARAL Pro-Choice America. 04/18/2012. "Marsha Blackburn supported the interests of the NARAL Pro-Choice America 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Tennessee Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Prohibit public funding of abortions and of organizations that advocate or perform abortions."
  • Marsha Blackburn. HR 6099. 110th Congress. Abortion Pain Bill. Marsha Blackburn voted Yea on 12/06/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. H Amdt 95. 112th Congress. Prohibiting Use of Federal Funds For Planned Parenthood. Marsha Blackburn voted Yea on 02/18/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Susan B. Anthony List. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Susan B. Anthony List endorsed Marsha Blackburn in the 2010 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Planned Parenthood. 04/18/2012. "Marsha Blackburn supported the interests of Planned Parenthood 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • National Organization for Women. 04/18/2012. "On the votes used to calculate its ratings, the National Organization for Women attaches more value to those votes it considers more important. For 2008, the National Organization for Women gave Marsha Blackburn a rating of 13 percent." (votesmart.org)
  • Family Research Council. 04/18/2012. "Marsha Blackburn supported the interests of the Family Research Council 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • National Right to Life Committee. 04/18/2012. "Marsha Blackburn supported the interests of the National Right to Life Committee 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. H Amdt 509. 111th Congress. Prohibiting Federally Funded Abortion Services. Marsha Blackburn voted Yea on 11/07/2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. HR 3. 112th Congress. Prohibiting Taxpayer Funding of Abortion. Marsha Blackburn voted Yea on 05/04/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. HR 748. 109th Congress. Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act. Marsha Blackburn voted Yea on 04/27/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Tennessee Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Abortions should always be legally available."
  • Marsha Blackburn. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Tennessee Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Abortions should always be legal."
Yes Inferred Answer Afghanistan: Do you support United States' combat operations in Afghanistan? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Marsha Blackburn. Blackburn Hails Passage of Defense Supplemental. 19 June 2008. “Rep. Marsha Blackburn (TN-7) today hailed the passage of the Department of Defense supplemental appropriation bill. The compromise language will deliver the resources troops in harm's way urgently need without restricting their ability to pursue victory in Iraq and Afghanistan. The agreement comes after months of grandstanding that forced the Pentagon to plan for the real possibility of civilian layoffs and suspension of pay to our men and women in uniform.” (votesmart.org)
  • Peace Action. 04/18/2012. "Marsha Blackburn supported the interests of the Peace Action 25 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. H Con Res 28. 112th Congress. Removing Troops from Afghanistan. Marsha Blackburn voted Nay on 03/17/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Peace Action West. 04/18/2012. "Marsha Blackburn supported the interests of Peace Action West 25 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. Blackburn: We Are in This to Win. 28 June 2005. "President Bush spoke of our successes and the setbacks in the war on terror, and he did so with great candor and determination. This nation doesn't cut and run, and despite calls to do so from some on the left, it's clear this President will never do that. We're in this fight to win and to leave our children a safer and freer world. America should never seek to appease terrorists. We don't believe in turning a blind eye as evil gathers, hoping it strikes someone else.” (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. Blackburn Returns From Afghanistan. 24 March 2011. “General Petraeus gave us the kind of no-nonsense assessment of the situation in Afghanistan that I have come to expect after years of working with him. He reinforced with us that the progress we are experiencing is fragile. It's endurance depends on getting the kinetic and non-kinetic inputs right. I am confident that the General is the best person to oversee that mix.” (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. Blackburn On President Obama's Anticipated Afghanistan Policy. 1 December 2009. "Let there be no confusion, this endeavor will be costly in terms of both lives and treasure. Tennesseans are deploying to a dangerous fight and every one of them and their families are in my thoughts and prayers. Still, early reports indicate that the President is mobilizing them under a strategy that can work, leading to a stable Afghanistan and a more secure America." (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Budget: In order to balance the budget, do you support reducing defense spending? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Marsha Blackburn. HR 4939. 110th Congress. Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2006. Marsha Blackburn voted Nay on 06/13/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. HR 4986. 110th Congress. Defense Authorizations Bill. Marsha Blackburn voted Yea on 01/16/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. HR 5631. 110th Congress. Defense Department FY2007 Appropriations Bill. Marsha Blackburn voted Yea on 06/20/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. Video. Rep. Marsha Wedgeworth Blackburn (TN07) flacks for GOP plans, scurries back to talking points. 3 November 2010. “No you do not cut defense and you don't cut homeland security.” (www.youtube.com)
  • Marsha Blackburn. Blackburn Statement on President Obama's Flawed Defense Strategy. 5 January 2012. "In light of the current geopolitical environment, the plan announced by President Obama today for our nation's military is at best an ill-advised attempt to lower defense spending. The Obama defense strategy is a significant departure from past administrations that could cripple America’s fighting forces and render aid to those who seek to do us harm. I'll be the first to say that we must do everything we can to get our fiscal house in order and that includes taking a fine-toothed comb to all federal agencies; but it should not be done at the expense of our men and women in uniform.” (blackburn.house.gov)
  • Marsha Blackburn. HR 2642. 110th Congress. Funding for Operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. Marsha Blackburn voted Yea on 06/19/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn .Blackburn Votes to Chart New Course for Fiscal Responsibility. 1 August 2011 "I am frustrated that defense cuts were once again put on the table at the eleventh hour. The men and women of our Armed Forces deserve the full support and backing of Congress. As the select committee looks at cuts, I will work closely with House Armed Services Committee Chairman Buck McKeon to ensure that these cuts don't come on the backs of our men and women at Ft. Campbell or our National Guard Units. I will be actively watching as we move forward and will fight to make sure we continue to supply these brave servicemen and women, and their families, with the resources they need." (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. HR 5631. 110th Congress. Department Defense Appropriations Act, FY 2007. Marsha Blackburn voted Yea on 09/26/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. H Amdt 13. 112th Congress. Reducing Navy and Air Force Aircraft Procurement. Marsha Blackburn voted Nay on 02/15/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. HR 3222. 110th Congress. Department of Defense Appropriations, Fiscal Year 2008. Marsha Blackburn voted Yea on 08/05/2007. (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. HR 1363. 112th Congress. 2011 Department of Defense Budget and Additional Continuing Appropriations. Marsha Blackburn voted Yea on 04/07/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Tennessee Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Maintain Status" for: "Using the key, indicate what federal funding levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category. c) Defense"
  • Marsha Blackburn. HR 4200. 108th Congress. Defense Department FY2005 Authorization Bill. Marsha Blackburn voted Yea on 05/20/2004. (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Budget: In order to balance the budget, do you support an income tax increase on any tax bracket? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Marsha Blackburn. Letter to Representative Hensarling, Senator Murray, and Members of the Joint Select Committee on Deficit Reduction. 17 November 2011. “It is evident that America has a fiscal crisis because Washington spends too much, not because it taxes too little. According to the non-partisan Congressional Budget Office, tax revenues will reach or exceed the historical average of 18 percent of economic output by the end of this decade, even as spending continues to increase at an unsustainable rate. Increasing taxes on Americans would destroy jobs, erase all hope of an economic recovery, and simply serve to feed out-of-control spending in Washington. Thus, as you continue the important task to reach a deficit reduction agreement, we ask that any policies the Joint Select Committee prescribes not increase Americans' tax burden. With current levels of taxation already limiting economic growth, we believe that marginal rates must be maintained or lowered and that repeal of any tax credit or deduction be offset with an equal or greater tax cut. Although there are diverse beliefs toward specific policies that should be included in any deficit reduction plan, we must recognize that increasing the tax burden on American businesses and citizens, especially during a fragile recovery, is irresponsible and dangerous to the health of the United States.” (votesmart.org)
  • Citizens for Tax Justice. 04/18/2012. "Marsha Blackburn supported the interests of the Citizens for Tax Justice 0 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Tax Reform. 04/18/2012. "Marsha Blackburn supported the interests of the Americans for Tax Reform 100 percent in 2007." (votesmart.org)
  • National Taxpayers Union. 04/18/2012. "Marsha Blackburn supported reasonable tax and spending policies as defined by the National Taxpayers Union 93 percent of the time in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn signed Americans for Tax Reform: Taxpayer Protection Pledge. 1 December 2011. “I Marsha Blackburn. pledge to the taxpayers of the 7th district of the state of Tennessee and to the American people that I will: One, oppose any and all efforts to increase the marginal income tax rate for individuals and business; and TWO, oppose any net reduction or elimination of deductions and credits, unless matched dollar for dollar by further reducing tax rates.” (www.atr.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. CNN "State of the Union with Candy Crowley" – Transcript. 26 September 2010. “We have made that commitment and the pledge to the American people. We hope they're going to hold us accountable to do the things that are on this list and then let's add more to it. Let's make certain that we repeal some of these bills, get them off the books. Free up free enterprise, let jobs growth take place. Make certain no American sees a tax hike when January 1, 2011, rolls around.” (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. Democrats To America: Trust Us On Tax Increase Blackburn Condemns Largest Tax Hike In American History. 29 September 2010. "I remain committed to locking in tax rates where they are now, and working with my colleagues to bring them lower. GOP members have pledged to America that we will make tax cuts permanent and spending programs temporary. That is the approach Tennesseans told me they wanted to see and it is the approach I am honored to stand up for." (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Economy: Do you support federal spending as a means of promoting economic growth? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Marsha Blackburn. HR 5297. 112th Congress. Small Business Lending Fund and Tax Law Amendments. Marsha Blackburn voted Nay on 09/23/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. Tennesseans Frustrated with Congress. 20 July 2010. “By contrast, the stimulus program we hear so much about in this Chamber has sent just over $1 billion to the State of Tennessee. At 10 percent unemployment, what do Tennesseans have to show for those stimulus jobs? No jobs and a lot of expensive road signs.” (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. Blackburn: The American People Are Tired of Broken Promises. 17 February 2012. “On this third anniversary of President Obama's failed stimulus bill, we are reminded how the Obama economy is killing the ability of American job creators and the hard-working tax payers to achieve their hopes and dreams. We also should remember why the American people sent us here.” (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. Blackburn Reacts To 10.2% Unemployment. 6 November 2009. "For all their talk of stimulus' liberals in Washington have forgotten that the best economic stimulus is a job. To create jobs we need to reward innovative small businesses, incentivize investment, and truly bring down the cost of health care instead of building yet another dysfunctional federal bureaucracy. In other words, we need to change direction completely." (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. Blackburn On Unemployment Report. 3 September 2010. “We must cut federal spending dramatically, including the billions of stimulus dollars that remain unspent after more than a year.” (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. Blackburn Introduces Spending Freeze Bill. 23 September 2011. "Working class families around the country are continuing to tighten their belts, and they expect Washington to do the same. The spending caps that we have put in place are a great starting point, but more must be done to regain the trust of the American people.” (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. Blackburn Hails Stimulus Achievements. 17 November 2010. “Jokes aside, today's additions to Recovery.gov illustrate what a confused failure the stimulus has been. Clearly, the Administration is incapable of explaining where these funds are being spent or why they aren't creating jobs. As the debt mounts up, Tennesseans are still looking for work. Tennesseans deserve better and Washington can do better. It is time to incentivize investment and business creation and stop throwing more good money after bad." (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Prosperity. 04/18/2012. "Marsha Blackburn supported the interests of the Americans for Prosperity 95 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. HR 1424. 110th Congress. Financial Asset Purchase Authority and Tax Law Amendments. Marsha Blackburn voted Nay on 10/03/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • The Club for Growth. 04/18/2012. "On the votes used to calculate its ratings, The Club for Growth attaches more value to those votes it considers more important. For 2010, The Club for Growth gave Marsha Blackburn a rating of 97 percent." (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Economy: Do you support providing tax incentives to businesses for the purpose of job creation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Marsha Blackburn. Blackburn Supports Real Tax Relief For All Americans Votes Against Democrat Sponsored Half Measure. 2 December 2010. “Congressman Marsha Blackburn (TN-7) voted against a Democrat sponsored measure that would permit crippling tax increases on the engine of America's economic growth, small businesses. The bill would have extended tax cuts for families making less than $250,000 per year. However, small business owners, whose business income is filed together with their personal income would be left out in the cold.” (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. Statement on the Passage of the Middle Class Tax Relief & Job Creation Act. 13 December 2011. "The American people have said again and again that it's time to take away the president's credit card and the Job Creation Act does just that. It does not raise taxes, it reduces debt, it extends payroll tax cuts, and it protects the promises we've made to seniors by cutting spending not through job-destroying tax increases.” (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. Rep. Blackburn Reacts to President's Call for Economic Stimulus. 18 January 2008. "The best economic stimulus is a job. The President's proposal is a step in the right direction, but a one time shot in the arm won't do enough to ensure that businesses continue to grow and employers continue to hire. That means permanently extending the 2001 and 2003 tax cuts, extending sales tax deductibility for TN, and enacting fundamental tax relief that business can count on for years to come. Even if the President's plan is enacted as proposed, the specter of expiring tax cuts will limit economic growth. Short term economic stimulus and a long term growth package that includes making tax cuts permanent and tax equity for Tennessee families must be passed simultaneously." (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. Job Picture Improving Thanks to Tax Cuts. 2 April 2004. “There are reasons for this, Mr. Speaker, and it is the Bush tax cuts that this body passed last year, the third largest tax cut in history. This check, $1,133, this is what the average family, 91 million American taxpayers, saw last year. Over 25 million small businesses are seeing about $2,800 in tax cuts. That is why the economy is growing. The tax cuts are working, 308,000 new jobs.” (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. Bush Tax Cuts are Working. 19 July 2004. “Mr. Speaker, I think this just reminds us and proves to us that tax relief works. Continued tax relief for the American people works. Jobs are being created, over 1 million jobs in the last few months. Over 91 million Americans saw a tax cut last year. The Bush tax cuts are working.” (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. Blackburn: You Don't Punish the Innovators Who Built It! 1 August 2012. “This legislation stops the tax hike that is set to hit American families and small business owners on January 1, 2013. The Republican plan will boost economic growth and create the environment for jobs growth by enacting comprehensive tax reform next year that closes special-interest loopholes, and makes the tax code simpler and fairer for families and employees.” (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. HR 2. 108th Congress. Jobs and Economic Growth bill. Marsha Blackburn voted Yea on 05/23/2003. (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Education: Do you support requiring states to implement education reforms in order to be eligible for competitive federal grants? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Marsha Blackburn. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Tennessee Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Support national standards for and testing of public school students."
  • Marsha Blackburn. Letter to Secretary Duncan. 29 July 2011. “We request that you review Tennessee's waiver request in an expedited manner, especially as the 2011-2012 school year rapidly approaches and decisions about the future of Tennessee schools cannot wait. We share your concern about the need and opportunity for Washington to support state-led innovation, rather than present a barrier or seek to codify a single 'right' answer for education reform, and hope that you will consider Tennessee's waiver request in that light.” (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. Issue Position: Education Reform. 1 January 2011. “In order to ensure American competitiveness in the 21st century, Congress must remain dedicated to promoting educational excellence at the K-12 level, and promoting higher education so students can achieve their dreams and build the workforce of the future. Congressman Blackburn understands these important principles, and believes that Federal education policy should promote local control, diversity in choice, and community-based curricula driven by community needs.” (votesmart.org)
  • Camilla Meek. Vanderbilt Peabody College. Congressman Marsha Blackburn visits Peabody. 18 January 2012. “Blackburn, who represents Tennessee's 7th District, is supporting an alternative to the NCLB Reauthorization entitled the A-PLUS Act. A-PLUS provides the state and local communities with the power to determine how to implement education reforms.” (peabody.vanderbilt.edu)
  • Marsha Blackburn. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Tennessee Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Slightly Decrease" for: "Using the key, indicate what federal funding levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category. d) Education"
  • Marsha Blackburn. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Tennessee Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "i) Eliminate restrictions on federal education funding, giving educators or local school districts more flexibility to design and implement their programs."
  • Marsha Blackburn. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Tennessee Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Support national standards and testing of public school students."
  • Marsha Blackburn. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Tennessee Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "j) Providing education is not a responsibility of the federal government."
Yes Inferred Answer Energy: Do you support reducing restrictions on offshore energy production? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Marsha Blackburn. HR 3534. 112th Congress. Offshore Drilling Regulations and Other Energy Law Amendments. Marsha Blackburn voted Nay on 07/30/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. HR 1230. 112th Congress. Offshore Leasing Act. Marsha Blackburn voted Yea on 05/05/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Southern Alliance for Clean Energy Action Fund. 04/18/2012. "Marsha Blackburn supported the interests of the Southern Alliance for Clean Energy Action Fund 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. The Energy Problem is One We Can Solve. 24 July 2008. “Madam Speaker, the President lifted the executive ban on offshore oil and natural gas exploration last week, and now Congress, this Democrat-led Congress, is what stands in the way of increased domestic supply and lower prices.” (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. Republicans to Introduce Comprehensive Energy Solution. 23 July 2008. “Now we do have agreement on one issue, Madam Speaker--that we should be drilling. Republicans are not waiting for others to take action. We are continuing to take action and continuing to bring forward possible solutions to this problem.” (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. Letter to the Honorable Barack Obama, President of the United States. 1 March 2011. “In light of continuing instability in the Middle East and in North Africa, we write today to urge your Administration's immediate action to ensure America's energy security by expediting the permitting process for safe offshore energy exploration and development without further delay.” (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. Domestic Energy. 5 May 2009. “Republicans believe that we have more alternatives than wind and solar as sources for clean, secure energy. We know that we can safely exploit American oil resources to provide for a less expensive transition to alternative fuels.” (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. Blackburn Responds To Petroleum Reserve Release. 23 June 2011. "I am appalled but not surprised that the President views his falling poll numbers as a national crisis. I see them as a leading indicator. They indicate that the American people are tired of Obamacrats blocking the development of reasonable and affordable energy resources. The President has temporarily increased oil supplies at a time of falling demand. He should have heeded the demands of the American people and opened access to our vast national energy potential." (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Tennessee Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "c) Support opening a select portion of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge for oil exploration."
  • Environment America. 04/18/2012. "Marsha Blackburn supported the interests of Environment America 13 percent in 2009." (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Tennessee Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "f) Support increased development of traditional energy resources (e.g. coal, natural gas, oil)."
  • Marsha Blackburn. H Amdt 773. 112th Congress. Ending Moratorium on Deepwater Drilling Rigs that Meet Certain Safety Standards. Marsha Blackburn voted Nay on 07/30/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Tennessee Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "h) Support opening a select portion of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge for oil exploration."
No Inferred Answer Environment: Do you support the federal regulation of greenhouse gas emissions? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • League of Conservation Voters. 04/18/2012. "Marsha Blackburn supported the interests of the League of Conservation Voters 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Environment America. 04/18/2012. "Marsha Blackburn supported the interests of Environment America 13 percent in 2009." (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. HR 910. 112th Congress. Energy Tax Prevention Act. Marsha Blackburn voted Yea on 04/07/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. HR 2454. 111th Congress. Energy and Environmental Law Amendments ("Cap and Trade"). Marsha Blackburn voted Nay on 06/26/2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Tennessee Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Strengthen emission controls and fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles."
  • Marsha Blackburn. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Tennessee Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "l) Support the U.S. re-entering the Kyoto treaty process to limit global warming."
  • Marsha Blackburn. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Tennessee Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Support the U.S. re-entering the current Kyoto treaty process to limit global warming."
  • Marsha Blackburn. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Tennessee Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "k) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits."
  • Marsha Blackburn. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Tennessee Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline or diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles."
  • Marsha Blackburn. Blackburn Energy Priority Clears House. 7 April 2011. "After the Supreme Court gave the EPA permission to regulate greenhouse gases in 2007, I immediately introduced a bill to stop EPA from moving forward on these regulations. Unfortunately, former Speaker Pelosi and her Democrat-led Congress did not act, and the EPA has now issued a final rule, with many more on the way. If we do not reverse these regulations, American consumers will soon face higher energy costs, jobs will be lost, and our economy will suffer. I am grateful to Chairman Upton for crafting legislation, which includes some of the provisions in my bill, to stop this EPA power grab and revert authority back to where it belongs: Congress." (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. Blackburn On Browner's EPA Remarks. 22 April 2010. "President Obama seems determined to implement economy killing carbon limits without regard to the bi-partisan Congressional opposition to those measures. Carol Browner's comments highlight the need for Congress to act to restrict the EPA's regulatory authority immediately, so that we can have an open debate on energy independence and the need for reform that rewards innovation and doesn't tax Americans out of house and home in the name of global warming." (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. Blackburn Reacts To Proposed EPA Rules. 30 September 2009. "The rules proposed by the EPA are a virtual gun to the head of Congress. As we carefully consider Cap and Trade legislation, the EPA is rushing to implement the bill before it is passed. The economic and environmental ramifications of the Cap and Trade bill are enormous, which is why it barely passed the House. Sweeping reform like this must be left to Congress, as representatives of the people, to implement; not unaccountable bureaucrats at the EPA." (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. Cap and Tax 6 May 2009. “While the details of a cap-and-tax system are negotiated behind closed doors, Congress has debated such staggeringly important work as supporting the goals of Public Service Recognition Week and National Train Day. If our environment were truly in serious peril that could only be effectively addressed by a cap-and-tax system, one would think we would be burning our carbon credits debating that bill, not the suspensions we have passed.” (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. Energy Tax Prevention Act of 2011. 6 April 2011. “Mr. Chairman, I rise in support of the legislation and thank our chairman, the gentleman from Michigan, for bringing it forth and bringing forth a bill that will limit the EPA's regulatory overreach. It is important that we do. This is an issue that has been going on since 2007, when the Supreme Court gave the EPA permission to regulate greenhouse gases. At that point, I introduced a bill that would have stopped the EPA. Unfortunately, Congress didn't act and the EPA has now issued a final rule, and there will be more rules and regulations on the way if Congress does not step in and take action to stop this.” (votesmart.org)
  • Southern Alliance for Clean Energy Action Fund. 04/18/2012. "Marsha Blackburn supported the interests of the Southern Alliance for Clean Energy Action Fund 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Guns: Do you support restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • National Rifle Association. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. National Rifle Association endorsed Marsha Blackburn in the 2010 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. H AMDT 1156. 110th Congress. Trigger Lock Amendment. Marsha Blackburn voted Yea on 06/28/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. National Capital Security and Safety Act. 17 September 2008. “The Court recognized what Tennesseans have always known, that the second amendment applies to individuals, and that all law-abiding Americans have an inherent right to self-defense. The ruling was a victory for freedom and constitutional rights.” (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. HR 6842. 110th Congress. Repealing Portions of the D.C. Firearm Ban. Marsha Blackburn voted Yea on 09/17/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Gun Owners of America. 04/18/2012. "In 2010 Gun Owners of America gave Marsha Blackburn a grade of 82." (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Tennessee Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Marsha Blackburn. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Tennessee Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "h) Require a license for gun possession."
  • Marsha Blackburn. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Tennessee Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows."
  • Marsha Blackburn. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Tennessee Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns."
  • Marsha Blackburn. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Tennessee Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "h) Require a license for gun possession."
  • Marsha Blackburn. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Tennessee Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Maintain and strengthen the enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Marsha Blackburn. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Tennessee Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "i) Raise the minimum age for ownership of handguns from 18 to 21."
  • Marsha Blackburn. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Tennessee Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows."
  • Marsha Blackburn. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Tennessee Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Ban the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting."
  • Marsha Blackburn. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Tennessee Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns."
  • Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. 04/18/2012. "Marsha Blackburn supported the interests of the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence 0 percent from 1988-2003 (Senate) or 1991-2003 (House)." (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Tennessee Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Marsha Blackburn. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Tennessee Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Renew the ban on the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting."
  • Marsha Blackburn. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Tennessee Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Marsha Blackburn. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Tennessee Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Marsha Blackburn. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Tennessee Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Maintain and strengthen the current level of enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Marsha Blackburn. Blackburn Hails Supreme's 2nd Amendment Decision. 28 June 2010. "Today the Court maintained what Americans already know; our right to keep and bear arms is absolute. As the founders understood, the individual's right to self protection is endowed by the creator, not by the government." (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. Issue Position: Second Amendment. 11 January 2012. “Congressman Blackburn has been a staunch proponent of 2nd Amendment rights and continues to support the right of Americans to bear arms.” (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. S 397. 109th Congress. Firearms Manufacturers Protection Bill. Marsha Blackburn voted Yea on 10/20/2005. (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Health Care: Do you support repealing the 2010 Affordable Care Act? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • American Public Health Association. 04/18/2012. "Marsha Blackburn supported the interests of the American Public Health Association 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. Blackburn Statement On District Court Health Care Ruling. 18 December 2011. "The court has upheld a concern many of us raised when the law was under debate. Namely; the Federal Government does not have the right to compel Americans to buy anything. This is one more tenant of ObamaCare that has proven unworkable. We now have a law on the books that will not improve the quality of care, will not reduce the cost of care, and will add billions to the national debt. This is a law we need to repeal and replace as soon as possible." (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. HR 2. 112th Congress. Repealing the Health Care Bill. Marsha Blackburn voted Yea on 01/19/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Tennessee Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government."
  • Marsha Blackburn. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Tennessee Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • Marsha Blackburn. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Tennessee Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • Marsha Blackburn. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Tennessee Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government."
  • Marsha Blackburn. Blackburn Statement On Supreme Court Decision To Review President Obama's Job-Killing Healthcare Law. 14 November 2011. "This decision by the Supreme Court is a step in the right direction toward finally striking down President Obama's job-killing healthcare law. It's time to repeal and replace Obamacare. My bill, H.R. 371, would get government out of the way by providing the American people with the freedom to choose the health insurance plan that best fits their individual and family healthcare needs, regardless of which state they call home." (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. Blackburn Votes To Defund ObamaCare. 31 March 2011. “ObamaCare will devastate Americans' health care system while it empties America's treasury. We can't put all our hopes to repeal and replace this law on the Senate's negotiations. Nor can we properly eliminate a mandatory program through a process dedicated to discretionary spending. I believe Congress has a duty to erase this unaccountable spending from the law once and for all, and repealing these programs is the way to do it. I am encouraged by the real and thoughtful work the Committee has done over the last several months to take concrete steps toward the permanent repeal and replacement of ObamaCare." (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. Issue Position: Health Care. 1 January 2011. “To that end, Congressman Blackburn supported moves by House Republicans to repeal ObamaCare and was one of the first Members to introduce legislation to replace it. H.R. 371 would allow Americans to shop for health care insurance across state lines, allowing insurance companies to compete for your business. For more information on H.R. 371, please click here.” (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. Repeal of Obamacare Act. 10 July 2012. “I stand here today to support the repeal of ObamaCare. Some of you are asking, how many times are we going to do this? We're going to keep at it until we get this legislation off the books. It was a bad bill, it has become a bad law.” (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. Repealing Mandatory Funding for the State Health Insurance Exchanges. 3 May 2011. “Mr. Chairman, I rise in support of the bill because this is the right step at the right time. If you're listening to the American people, one of the things they have said loud and clear is that they do not want the ObamaCare bill on the books. They want this repealed.” (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Immigration: Do you support requiring illegal immigrants to return to their country of origin before they are eligible for citizenship? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Marsha Blackburn. HR 5281. 112th Congress. DREAM Act. Marsha Blackburn voted Nay on 12/08/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. HR 4437. 109th Congress. Border Security Bill. Marsha Blackburn voted Yea on 12/16/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Federation for American Immigration Reform. 04/18/2012. "Marsha Blackburn supported the interests of the Federation for American Immigration Reform 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Legal Immigration. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Americans for Legal Immigration endorsed Marsha Blackburn in the 2012 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Legal Immigration. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Americans for Legal Immigration endorsed Marsha Blackburn in the 2010 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Tennessee Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Allow legalization for certain illegal immigrants working in the U.S."
  • National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute. 04/18/2012. "Marsha Blackburn supported the interests of National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Tennessee Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Support amnesty for certain illegal immigrants who already reside in the United States."
  • Marsha Blackburn. Blackburn Statement on Failed Senate Immigration Bill. 27 June 2007. "They know that granting amnesty to illegal immigrants who have repeatedly broken the law does not solve the problem of illegal immigration. It didn't work in 1986 and won't work today.” (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. Letter to President Obama. 9 September 2011. “Members of the bipartisan Immigration Reform Caucus along with member of the House vehemently oppose your August 18 2011 announcement to bypass Congress and use prosecutorial discretion to achieve amnesty to individuals who are illegally residing in the US. The manner with which your administration has introduced this policy not only robs the public of a thorough betting, but it also fails to appreciate the negative consequences of this policy shift.” (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. New Perspective on Immigration Reform. 5 June 2008. “This is not another call for a wholesale, and possibly unrealistic, roundup of all illegal aliens. Rather it is a commonsense approach, giving cops the ability to protect our communities by kicking proven violent offenders out. One county in Tennessee has a relationship with DHS that allows them to identify criminal aliens in county jails. As a result of this relationship, 3,000 aliens were handed over to the federal government and deported last year.” (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. Illegal Immigration. 16 May 2011. “So to my constituents and to the other Members of this body I say, let us say no to amnesty or any type of amnesty. Let us continue to support construction of a border, whether it is a wall or surveillance. Let us secure our border. I do support the use of military presence on the border as an emergency measure.” (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. Issue Position: Immigration Reform. 1 January 2011. “That is why she has been a proponent of the border fence along our southern border. She is also the sponsor of the CLEAR act which gives law enforcement the tools they need to help the Federal government deport criminal aliens from our country.” (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Marriage: Do you support same-sex marriage? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Marsha Blackburn. H J Res 88. 110th Congress. Same-Sex Marriage Resolution. Marsha Blackburn voted Yea on 07/18/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. HR 3685. 110th Congress. Sexual Orientation Employment Nondiscrimination Act (ENDA). Marsha Blackburn voted Nay on 11/07/2007. (votesmart.org)
  • American Civil Liberties Union. 04/18/2012. "Marsha Blackburn supported the interests of the American Civil Liberties Union 9 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • American Family Association. 04/18/2012. "Marsha Blackburn supported the interests of the American Family Association 94 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Human Rights Campaign. 04/18/2012. "Marsha Blackburn supported the interests of the Human Rights Campaign 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. Issue Position: Family Issues. 1 January 2011. “Congressman Blackburn is a committed advocate for pro-life policy in the U.S. House, and is dedicating to preserving the traditional institution of marriage.” (votesmart.org)
  • Traditional Values Coalition. 04/18/2012. "Marsha Blackburn supported the interests of the Traditional Values Coalition 85 percent in 2006" (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Tennessee Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "j) Should same-sex couples be allowed to form civil unions?"
  • Marsha Blackburn. HR 2965. 112th Congress. Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act. Marsha Blackburn voted Nay on 12/15/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Family Research Council. 04/18/2012. "Marsha Blackburn supported the interests of the Family Research Council 100 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. Blackburn Makes Pledge To America. 23 September 2010. "Our pledge to America is that we will respect the will of the American people, and we will return to the principles that have made this nation great. Faith, family, freedom, hope and opportunity. We pledge to honor the constitution and the original intent of the framers. We pledge to advance policies that promote greater liberty, wider opportunity, a robust defense and national economic prosperity. We pledge to honor our families, traditional marriage and life, and the private and faith based organizations that form the very core of our American values. the pledge to America is built on policies that reflect these principles and we call on Speaker Pelosi to commit to taking action on these." (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. Letter to Majority Leader Harry Reid and Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell. 2 November 2011. “This clear and deliberate violation of established U.S. law sets a dangerous precedent. DOMA makes clear that for purposes of the federal government, marriage is defined as between one man and one woman. The use of federal property or federal employees to perform anything but opposite-sex ceremonies is a clear contravention of the law.” (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. Marriage Protection Act of 2004. 22 July 2004. “I can tell you that for my constituents in Tennessee, they support what we are doing here today, and they are not concerned about whether or not it is an election year or not. They are concerned about protecting marriage, because they know that marriage is an institution that is at the very core of our existence, and that is why we are here today, to protect marriage.” (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. Marriage Protection Amendment. 30 September 2004. “Marriage is a social institution. Individuals freely decide to enter marriage, but they do not have a right to redefine its basic nature because they disagree with our shared American understanding of what marriage is. They do not have that right any more than an individual can privately redefine the meaning of other basic social terms like 'property' or 'democracy'' or 'church' or 'corporation.'” (votesmart.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer National Security: Do you support targeting suspected terrorists outside of official theaters of conflict? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Marsha Blackburn. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Tennessee Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "f) Do you support a policy of pre-emptive strikes against countries deemed to be a threat to national security?"
  • Anita Bugg. Nashville Public Radio. State’s GOP Congressman Reject Authority for Libya Mission, Split on Funding It. 24 June 2011. “Marsha Blackburn, Stephen Fincher, and John Duncan rejected the call to end money for U.S. airstrikes and drone attacks, but they joined in the rebuke of President Obama for entering the Libya conflict at all without congressional authorization.” (wpln.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. American Foreign Policy. 16 March 2004. “Nations that have neither the will nor the military capability to take on terrorism on a truly global scale should not criticize those that do.” (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. The Global War on Terrorism. 12 June 2006. “Mr. Speaker, I thank the gentleman from Iowa, and I am so appreciative that he mentioned that this is not a sometime enemy that we are dealing with. This is an enemy, as he said, that is amorphous. They are located everywhere. Terrorist cells are around the globe, but it is an enemy with an agenda. Their agenda is to end freedom as we know it, and they work at it 24/7. They are an enemy to freedom, and we do know that the Iraqi people are grasping at their chance for freedom.” (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Social Security: Do you support allowing individuals to divert a portion of their Social Security taxes into personal retirement accounts? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Marsha Blackburn. Blackburn: Votes, Not Hand Wringing Needed to Cut Spending. 2 March 2006. “This report validates everything we said several months ago about the need to reform Social Security. Complaining about our problems isn't the same as voting to reduce federal outlays or to reform entitlement programs." (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. Issue Position: Spending. “She believes that taxpayers have a right to have a fiscally responsible federal government that protects the social security trust fund, holds the line on taxes, produces a simple, understandable and fair tax code.” (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. Video: Marsha Blackburn Talks Social Security. 26 June 2007. “The next thing that you do is arrange a system for personal accounts so that your name is on your money that you earned, you can help direct that money and it comes to you when you retire.” (www.youtube.com)
  • Alliance for Retired Americans. 04/18/2012. "Marsha Blackburn supported the interests of the Alliance for Retired Americans 20 percent in 2008." (votesmart.org)
  • Marsha Blackburn. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Tennessee Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government."
  • Marsha Blackburn. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Tennessee Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves."
  • Marsha Blackburn. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Tennessee Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government."
  • Marsha Blackburn. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Tennessee Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves."
  • Rachel Slajda. Blackburn Advocates Individual Social Security Accounts (VIDEO). 8 February 2010. "We need to make sure that individuals get the money out that they have placed in. This is one of the reasons we have had the discussion over and over for our younger earners of having accounts that have their Social Security number and their information on it, so you have that personal account." (tpmdc.talkingpointsmemo.com)

Key

Candidate Answer

Official Position: Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.

Inferred Answer

Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Project Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.

Unknown Answer

Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue.

Project Vote Smart's Research: Click on this icon to reveal more information about this candidate's position.

Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as the candidate has submitted it. Project Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

Congressional Election 2004 National Political Awareness Test

This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.

The Political Courage Test asks candidates which items they will support if elected. It does not ask them to indicate which items they will oppose. Through extensive research of public polling data, we discovered that voters are more concerned with what candidates would support when elected to office, not what they oppose. If a candidate does not select a response to any part or all of any question, it does not necessarily indicate that the candidate is opposed to that particular item.
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding abortion.
a) Abortions should always be illegal.
b) Abortions should always be legal.
c) Abortions should be legal only within the first trimester of pregnancy.
Xd) Abortions should be legal when the pregnancy resulted from incest or rape.
Xe) Abortions should be legal when the life of the woman is endangered.
Xf) Prohibit the dilation and extraction procedure, also known as "partial-birth" abortion.
Xg) Prohibit public funding of abortions and of organizations that advocate or perform abortions.
h) Other or expanded principles
Using the key, indicate what federal funding levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category.
Budget Priorities
Slightly Decreasea) Agriculture
Slightly Decreaseb) Arts
Maintain Statusc) Defense
Slightly Decreased) Education
Slightly Decreasee) Environment
Maintain Statusf) Homeland security
Greatly Decreaseg) International aid
Maintain Statush) Law enforcement
Maintain Statusi) Medical research
Maintain Statusj) National parks
Slightly Decreasek) Public health services
Maintain Statusl) Scientific research
Maintain Statusm) Space exploration programs
Maintain Statusn) Transportation and highway infrastructure
Slightly Decreaseo) Welfare
p) Other or expanded categories
Defense Spending
Maintain Statusa) Armed Forces personnel training
Slightly Increaseb) Intelligence operations
Maintain Statusc) Military hardware
Maintain Statusd) Modernization of weaponry and equipment
Maintain Statuse) National missile defense
Slightly Increasef) Pay for active duty personnel
Maintain Statusg) Programs to improve troop retention rates
Maintain Statush) Research and development of new weapons
Maintain Statusi) Troop and equipment readiness
j) Other or expanded categories
Using the key above, indicate what federal tax levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category.
Taxes
Income Taxes:
Family Income
Maintain Statusa) Less than $25,000
Maintain Statusb) $25,000-$75,000
Maintain Statusc) $75,000-$150,000
Maintain Statusd) Over $150,000
e) Other or expanded categories
Retiree Income
f) Over $40,000
g) Other or expanded categories
Other Taxes:
Maintain Statusa) Alcohol taxes
Slightly Decreaseb) Capital gains taxes
Maintain Statusc) Cigarette taxes
Slightly Decreased) Corporate taxes
Maintain Statuse) Gasoline taxes
Slightly Decreasef) Inheritance taxes
g) Other or expanded categories
Deductions/Credits:
Maintain Statusa) Charitable contributions
Slightly Increaseb) Child tax credit
Maintain Statusc) Earned income tax credit
Maintain Statusd) Medical expense deduction
Maintain Statuse) Mortgage deduction
Slightly Increasef) Student loan credit
g) Other or expanded categories
Yes4) Do you support permanent repeal of the federal estate tax?
Yes5) Do you support eliminating taxes on dividends paid to individual investors?
Yes6) Should a married couple filing jointly pay the same taxes as if they were an unmarried couple filing separately?
7) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance and government reform.
a) Support public taxpayer funding for federal candidates who comply with campaign spending limits.
Xb) Increase the amount individuals are permitted to contribute to federal campaigns.
c) Prohibit Political Action Committee (PAC) contributions to candidates for federal office.
d) Allow unregulated soft money campaign contributions to political parties or committees.
e) Allow ads paid for by soft money that support or attack a candidate for federal office.
Xf) Allow issue advocacy commercials by corporations, labor unions, and non-profit groups which appear within 60 days of a general election and within 30 days of a primary election.
g) Remove all contribution limits on federal campaigns and parties.
Undecidedh) Do you support instant run-off voting (IRV)?
Undecidedi) Should Election Day be a national holiday?
Yesj) Should same-sex couples be allowed to form civil unions?
k) Should marriage be restricted to a union only between a man and a woman?
l) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding crime.
Xa) Support the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
b) Eliminate the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
Xc) Impose "truth in sentencing" for violent criminals so they serve full sentences with no chance of parole.
d) Support programs to provide prison inmates with vocational and job-related skills and job-placement assistance when released.
e) Support programs to provide prison inmates with drug and alcohol addiction treatment.
f) Reduce prison sentences for those who commit non-violent crimes.
Xg) Support additional criminal penalties if a fetus is killed in the commission of a federal crime against a pregnant woman.
h) Require that crimes based on gender, sexual orientation, and disability be prosecuted as federal hate crimes.
Xi) Support programs that provide job training and placement services for at-risk youth.
Xj) Impose stricter penalties for those convicted of white-collar crimes.
k) Enforcement of civil rights should primarily be the responsibility of the federal government.
Xl) Minors accused of a violent crime should be prosecuted as adults.
m) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding drugs.
Xa) Support mandatory jail sentences for selling illegal drugs.
b) Expand federally sponsored drug education and drug treatment programs.
c) Decriminalize the possession of small amounts of marijuana.
d) Allow doctors to prescribe marijuana to their patients for medicinal purposes.
Xe) Increase border security to stop the flow of illegal drugs into the United States.
f) Eliminate federal funding for programs associated with the "war on drugs."
g) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding education.
a) Support national standards for and testing of public school students.
Xb) Allow parents to use vouchers (equal opportunity scholarships) to send their children to any public school.
Xc) Allow parents to use vouchers (equal opportunity scholarships) to send their children to any private or religious school.
Xd) Allow teachers and professionals to receive authorization and funding to establish charter schools.
e) Increase funding for block grants to states to aid in the hiring of additional teachers.
Xf) Support teacher testing and reward teachers with merit pay.
g) Increase funding for school capital improvements (e.g. buildings, infrastructure, technology).
Xh) Support granting states limited control over Head Start programs.
i) Support changing the mission of Head Start to emphasize improving the math and reading skills of disadvantaged children.
j) Providing education is not a responsibility of the federal government.
k) Support affirmative action in public college admissions.
l) Increase funding of programs such as Pell grants and Stafford loans to help students pay for college.
Xm) Support federal tax incentives to help families save for college.
n) Other or expanded principles
1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding employment.
a) Increase funding for national job-training programs that re-train displaced workers or teach skills needed in today's job market.
Xb) Reduce government regulation of the private sector in order to encourage investment and economic expansion.
Xc) Provide tax credits or grants to businesses that offer child care services to employees.
Xd) Encourage employers to offer flex-time scheduling, comp-time, and unpaid leave for family emergencies.
e) Eliminate all federal programs designed to reduce unemployment.
f) Increase the federal minimum wage.
g) Support the right of workers to strike without fear of being permanently replaced.
h) Allow workers to sell company stock and to diversify their company retirement funds into other investment options.
i) Other or expanded principles
2) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding affirmative action.
a) The federal government should consider race and gender in government contracting decisions.
Xb) The federal government should discontinue affirmative action programs.
c) The federal government should continue affirmative action programs.
d) Include sexual orientation in federal anti-discrimination laws.
e) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the environment and energy.
a) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Water Act.
b) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Air Act.
c) Require states to compensate citizens when environmental regulations limit uses of privately-owned land.
d) Relax logging restrictions on federal lands.
Xe) Relax standards on federal lands to allow increased recreational usage.
Xf) Support increased development of traditional energy resources (e.g. coal, natural gas, oil).
g) Strengthen emission controls and fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles.
Xh) Support opening a select portion of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge for oil exploration.
Xi) Encourage further development and use of alternative fuels to reduce pollution.
j) Support the use of ethanol as an alternative fuel.
k) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits.
l) Support the U.S. re-entering the Kyoto treaty process to limit global warming.
m) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding guns.
a) Renew the ban on the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting.
b) Maintain and strengthen the current level of enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
Xc) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
Xe) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns.
f) Require manufacturers to provide child-safety locks on guns.
g) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows.
h) Require a license for gun possession.
i) Establish a national database of ballistic "fingerprints" to track guns used in criminal activities.
Xj) Support legislation that would protect manufacturers, distributors, dealers, and importers of firearms from civil lawsuits by crime victims.
k) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health care.
Xa) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government.
b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income.
c) Support a Patient's Bill of Rights which includes appeal mechanisms when claims are denied.
d) Support a Patient's Bill of Rights which includes the right to sue when claims are denied.
Xe) Expand eligibility for tax-free medical savings accounts.
f) Establish limits on the amount of punitive damages awarded in medical malpractice lawsuits.
g) Support expanding prescription drug coverage under Medicare.
h) Support expanding prescription drug coverage under private managed care plans.
Xi) Offer tax credits to individuals and small businesses to offset the cost of insurance coverage.
j) Support automatic enrollment of children in federal health care programs such as CHIP and Medicaid.
k) Allow 55-65 year-olds to buy into Medicare.
Xl) Support stem cell research on existing lines of stem cells.
m) Allow laboratories to create new lines of stem cells for additional research.
n) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding immigration.
a) Decrease the number of legal immigrants allowed into the country.
Xb) Establish English as the official national language.
c) Increase the number of visas issued for agricultural workers.
d) Relax restrictions barring legal immigrants from using social programs (e.g. public housing, food stamps).
e) Support amnesty for certain illegal immigrants who already reside in the United States.
f) Support the detention of asylum seekers from countries known to sponsor terrorism.
g) Other or expanded principles
International Aid
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding United States economic assistance.
Xa) Aid should be granted to countries when extraordinary circumstances cause disaster and threaten civilian lives.
Xb) Aid should be granted to countries when it is in the security interests of the United States.
c) Aid should be eliminated for any nation with documented human rights abuses.
d) Aid programs should be scaled back and eventually eliminated.
e) Other or expanded principles
International Policy
1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the Middle East.
Yesa) Should the United States continue to provide leadership in the Israeli-Palestinian peace process?
b) Should the United States support the creation of a Palestinian state?
Undecidedc) Should the United States withdraw its troops from Iraq?
d) Discuss your proposals for the reconstruction of Iraq. What funding sources would you use to implement these proposals? (75 words or less. Please use an attached page if the space below is not adequate.)

Continue and implement the current plan. More aid from allies and sale of Iraq oil.

e) Other or expanded principles
2) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Central and East Asia.
Yesa) Should the United States use diplomatic and economic pressure to encourage North Korea to abandon its nuclear weapons program?
Undecidedb) Should the United States use military force to destroy the North Korean nuclear weapons program?
Undecidedc) Should the United States remove the North Korean government from power?
Undecidedd) Should the United States increase financial support to Afghanistan?
Undecidede) Should the United States increase military support to Afghanistan?
f) Other or expanded principles
3) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the United Nations.
a) Should the United States maintain its financial support of the United Nations?
Yesb) Should the United States decrease its financial support of the United Nations?
c) Should the United States commit troops to United Nations peacekeeping missions?
d) Other or expanded principles
No4) Should the United States lift the travel ban to Cuba?
No5) Should the United States increase its financial support to Colombia to combat "the war on drugs"?
Yes6) Should aid to African nations for AIDS prevention programs fund distribution of contraceptives?
Yes7) Should aid to African nations for AIDS prevention fund abstinence education?
8) Other or expanded principles
International Trade
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding international trade.
Yes1) Do you support the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)?
Yes2) Do you support the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)?
Yes3) Do you support continued U.S. membership in the World Trade Organization (WTO)?
Yes4) Should a nation's human rights record affect its normal trade relations (most favored nation) status with the United States?
Yes5) Do you support the trade embargo against Cuba?
Yes6) Should trade agreements include provisions to address environmental concerns and to protect workers' rights?
7) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding national security.
Yesa) Do you support using military tribunals to try suspected terrorists when ordinary civilian courts are deemed inappropriate or impractical?
Yesb) Should the United States adopt stricter rules for student visa applications from nations known to sponsor terrorism?
Noc) Should the United States grant law enforcement agencies greater discretion to read mail and email, tap phones, and conduct random searches to prevent future terrorist attacks?
Yesd) Should the United States hold foreign states accountable for terrorists who operate in their country?
Yese) Should the federal government increase funding to states and cities for homeland security?
Yesf) Do you support a policy of pre-emptive strikes against countries deemed to be a threat to national security?
g) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Social Security.
a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves.
Xb) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government.
Xc) Invest a portion of Social Security assets collectively in stocks and bonds instead of United States Treasury securities.
d) Increase the payroll tax to better finance Social Security in its current form.
e) Lower the annual cost-of-living increases.
f) Raise the retirement age for when individuals are eligible to receive full Social Security benefits.
g) Other of expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding technology and communication.
a) Collect taxes on commercial Internet transactions.
Xb) Continue the moratorium on Internet taxation.
c) Implement regulation of Internet content.
Xd) Support government mandates to curtail violent and sexual content on television.
Xe) Support strict penalties for Internet crimes (e.g. hacking, identity theft, worms/viruses).
f) Support legislation to detail how personal information can be collected and used on the Internet.
g) Regulating the Internet is not a responsibility of the federal government.
Xh) Impose regulations on "spam" emails.
i) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding welfare and poverty.
Xa) Require welfare recipients to spend at least 40 hours a week in a combination of work and training programs.
b) Increase funding for child care programs.
Xc) Continue to give states and local governments flexibility in and responsibility for welfare programs through federal block grants.
Xd) Direct federal poverty aid through religious, community-based, or other non-profit organizations.
e) Abolish all federal welfare programs.
f) Support housing assistance for low-income families.
g) Other or expanded principles
On an attached page, disk, or via email, please explain in a total of 75 words or less, your top two or three priorities if elected. If they require additional funding for implementation, please explain how you would obtain this funding.
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