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Robert T. Murphy

Robert Murphy's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)

Full Name: Robert T. Murphy
On The Ballot: Running, Independent for U.S. House - District 5
General Nov. 4, 2014
Gender: Male
Family: Wife: Leslie
Birth Date: 01/27/1948
Birth Place: Detroit, MI
Home City: Norman, OK
Tom Boggs
(Running)
Independent
Patrice Douglas
(Running)
Republican
Patrice Douglas
(Running)
Republican
Tom Guild
(Running)
Democratic
Tom Guild
(Running)
Democratic
Al McAffrey
(Running)
Democratic
Al McAffrey
(Running)
Democratic
Buddy Ray
(Running)
Independent
Steve Russell
(Running)
Republican
Steve Russell
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Republican
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Robert Murphy's processing deadline has not passed. The result of Robert Murphy's Political Courage Test will be released in upcoming weeks.
Urge Robert Murphy to fill out the Political Courage Test.

What is the Political Courage Test?

Issue Positions

In response to the increasing unwillingness of candidates to answer issue questions, Project Vote Smart has researched Presidential and Congressional candidates' public records to determine candidates' likely responses on certain key issues. These issue positions, from the year 2014, are provided below as a courtesy to voters.

Pro-choice Inferred Answer Abortion: Do you generally support pro-choice or pro-life legislation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Robert Murphy. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Oklahoma Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "h) Prohibit the dilation and extraction procedure, also known as "partial birth" abortion."
  • Robert Murphy. Platform Member Robert Murphy's Proposal to 2002 Platform Committee. 26 July 2012. "There is no ambiguity here. The Libertarian principles of non-initiation of force and property rights - when applied to adult fertile women “ direct us to oppose laws which would interfere with women's freedom of action and support laws which protect women's rights to do what they choose with their bodies. [Women's Rights and Abortion (additional language proposal)] We recognize that different moral codes and religions have many different opinions about human intervention in the natural processes of human reproduction, ranging from a total ban on any form of interference -with sometimes severe physical or social punishments for deviations from orthodoxy - to a willing acceptance of any and all scientific and medical techniques and advancements. We therefore make no judgements about whether violations of sexual taboos, birth control, genetic manipulation, abortion, or other forms of reproductive intervention are morally right or wrong.." (pro-choicelibertarians.net)
  • Robert Murphy. Women's Reproductive Rights. 1 January 2012. "Oklahoma Law should recognize that all women have an inalienable right to choose whether or not to carry a pregnancy to term." (murphy444.org)
  • Robert Murphy. Platform Member Robert Murphy's Proposal to 2002 Platform Committee. 26 July 2012. "There is no ambiguity here. The Libertarian principles of non-initiation of force and property rights - when applied to adult fertile women “ direct us to oppose laws which would interfere with women's freedom of action and support laws which protect women's rights to do what they choose with their bodies. [Women's Rights and Abortion (additional language proposal)] We recognize that different moral codes and religions have many different opinions about human intervention in the natural processes of human reproduction, ranging from a total ban on any form of interference -with sometimes severe physical or social punishments for deviations from orthodoxy - to a willing acceptance of any and all scientific and medical techniques and advancements. We therefore make no judgements about whether violations of sexual taboos, birth control, genetic manipulation, abortion, or other forms of reproductive intervention are morally right or wrong." (pro-choicelibertarians.net)
  • Robert Murphy. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Oklahoma Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "c) Abortions should always be legally available."
  • Robert Murphy. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Oklahoma Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Abortions should always be legally available." Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning abortion. Other or expanded principles: "ABORTION MUST BE THE PRIVATE CHOICE OF THE WOMAN CONCERNED, AND MUST BE PRIVATELY FUNDED."
  • Robert Murphy. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Oklahoma Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Robert Murphy. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Oklahoma Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Abortions should be illegal when the fetus is viable, with or without life support."
  • Robert Murphy. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Oklahoma Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "i) Prohibit public funding of abortions and public funding of organizations that advocate or perform abortions."
  • Robert Murphy. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Oklahoma Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "f) Eliminate public funding for abortions and public funding of organizations that advocate or perform abortions." Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning abortion. Other or expanded principles: "ABORTION MUST BE THE PRIVATE CHOICE OF THE WOMAN CONCERNED, AND MUST BE PRIVATELY FUNDED."
  • Robert Murphy. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Oklahoma Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be illegal."
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Afghanistan: Do you support United States' combat operations in Afghanistan? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • James Coburn. The Edmund Son: Independent Seeks 5th District Seat. 20 April 2012. "On the issue of foreign policy, Martin said he is glad the U.S. has splintered the Taliban in Afghanistan and was successful in eliminating an oppressive Iraqi dictator in Saddam Hussein. His focus for homeland security is bringing more troops back to the U.S." (www.edmondsun.com)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Budget: In order to balance the budget, do you support reducing defense spending? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Robert Murphy. Vote411: 2012 Oklahoma District 5 Questionnaire. Responded "People say that the safety net is unsustainable, and that's true under our present situation. But that's only because so much is wasted on war, oppressive laws, and vast subsidies to favored corporations. Libertarians are often criticized because we advocate dismantling the Welfare State. Being a Libertarian Populist, however, I would keep every welfare program for common people in place until every form of corporate welfare has been repealed and erased." to the question: "What are your ideas with respect to the future of Social Security, Medicare and the social safety net for the poor?" (onyourballot.vote411.org)
  • Robert Murphy. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Oklahoma Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "High Priority" for: "Indicate your priorities for spending any anticipated federal budget surplus. a) Defense"
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Budget: In order to balance the budget, do you support an income tax increase on any tax bracket? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Despite exhaustive research, Project Vote Smart was unable to find information about this candidate's position.
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Economy: Do you support federal spending as a means of promoting economic growth? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Robert Murphy. Vote411: 2012 Oklahoma District 5 Questionnaire. Responded "People say that the safety net is unsustainable, and that's true under our present situation. But that's only because so much is wasted on war, oppressive laws, and vast subsidies to favored corporations. Libertarians are often criticized because we advocate dismantling the Welfare State. Being a Libertarian Populist, however, I would keep every welfare program for common people in place until every form of corporate welfare has been repealed and erased." to the question: "What are your ideas with respect to the future of Social Security, Medicare and the social safety net for the poor?" (onyourballot.vote411.org)
  • Robert Murphy. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Oklahoma Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "2) Would you support enforcing the spending limits agreed to in 1997 by the President and Congress to balance the budget?"
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Economy: Do you support providing tax incentives to businesses for the purpose of job creation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Robert Murphy. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Oklahoma Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Provide tax credits for companies that move job-creating industries into areas with high unemployment."
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Education: Do you support requiring states to implement education reforms in order to be eligible for competitive federal grants? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Robert Murphy. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Oklahoma Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "i) Eliminate restrictions on federal education funding, giving educators or local school districts more flexibility to design and implement their programs."
  • Robert Murphy. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Oklahoma Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Promote education flexibility by giving federal funds, in the form of block grants, to the states to spend it as they see fit."
  • Robert Murphy. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Oklahoma Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Support national standards and testing of public school students."
  • Robert Murphy. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Oklahoma Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "l) Eliminate restrictions on federal education funding, giving educators or local school districts more flexibility to design and implement their programs."
  • Robert Murphy. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Oklahoma Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Support national standards and testing of public school students."
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Energy: Do you support reducing restrictions on offshore energy production? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Robert Murphy. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Oklahoma Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Support opening a select portion of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge for oil exploration."
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Environment: Do you support the federal regulation of greenhouse gas emissions? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Robert Murphy. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Oklahoma Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "c) Reduce government regulation of the private sector in order to encourage investment and economic expansion."
  • Robert Murphy. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Oklahoma Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline or diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding America's environment and natural resources. Other or expanded principles: "MAINTAIN PRICE STABILITY THROUGH A COMMODITY-BASED CURRENCY. "
  • Robert Murphy. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Oklahoma Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "j) Reduce current federal regulations on the environment."
  • Robert Murphy. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Oklahoma Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "h) Promote the selling of pollution credits between nations to encourage industries to decrease pollution levels." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding America's environment and natural resources. Other or expanded principles: "MAINTAIN PRICE STABILITY THROUGH A COMMODITY-BASED CURRENCY. "
  • Robert Murphy. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Oklahoma Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Air Act." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding America's environment and natural resources. Other or expanded principles: "MAINTAIN PRICE STABILITY THROUGH A COMMODITY-BASED CURRENCY. "
  • Robert Murphy. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Oklahoma Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline or diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles."
  • Robert Murphy. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Oklahoma Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Support the U.S. re-entering the current Kyoto treaty process to limit global warming."
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Guns: Do you support restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Robert Murphy. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Oklahoma Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "i) Raise the minimum age for ownership of handguns from 18 to 21."
  • Robert Murphy. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Oklahoma Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns." Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning gun issues. Other or expanded principles: "REQUIRE AN UNDERSTANDING OF LIABILITY TO CARRY FIREARMS IN PUBLIC. "
  • Robert Murphy. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Oklahoma Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Ban the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting."
  • Robert Murphy. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Oklahoma Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows."
  • Robert Murphy. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Oklahoma Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "k) Require a license for gun possession."
  • Robert Murphy. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Oklahoma Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Maintain and strengthen the enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Robert Murphy. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Oklahoma Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns." Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning gun issues. Other or expanded principles: "AN ARMED SOCIETY IS A POLITE SOCIETY"
  • Robert Murphy. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Oklahoma Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns." Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning gun issues. Other or expanded principles: "REQUIRE AN UNDERSTANDING OF LIABILITY TO CARRY FIREARMS IN PUBLIC. "
  • Robert Murphy. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Oklahoma Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "h) Require a license for gun possession."
  • Robert Murphy. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Oklahoma Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Maintain and strengthen the enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Robert Murphy. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Oklahoma Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns." Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning gun issues. Other or expanded principles: "AN ARMED SOCIETY IS A POLITE SOCIETY"
  • Robert Murphy. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Oklahoma Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns." Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning gun issues. Other or expanded principles: "AN ARMED SOCIETY IS A POLITE SOCIETY"
  • Robert Murphy. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Oklahoma Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Require manufacturers to provide child-safety locks on guns."
  • Robert Murphy. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Oklahoma Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "j) Require background checks of gun buyers at gun shows."
  • Robert Murphy. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Oklahoma Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Ban the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting."
  • Robert Murphy. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Oklahoma Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "i) Raise the minimum age for ownership of handguns from 18 to 21."
  • Robert Murphy. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Oklahoma Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns." Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning gun issues. Other or expanded principles: "REQUIRE AN UNDERSTANDING OF LIABILITY TO CARRY FIREARMS IN PUBLIC. "
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Health Care: Do you support repealing the 2010 Affordable Care Act? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Robert Murphy. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Oklahoma Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • Robert Murphy. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Oklahoma Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health issues. Other or expanded principles: "POLITICAL CONTROL OF MEDICAL TREATMENT ONLY INCREASES COSTS. M.D.S, OSTEOPATHS, MIDWIVES, NURSE PRACTITIONERS AND OTHER MEDICAL PRACTIONERS SHOULD BE FREED OF MONOPOLISTIC REGULATION, BUT THERE SHOULD BE STRICT LIABILTY FOR FRAUD & MALPRACTICE"
  • Robert Murphy. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Oklahoma Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • Robert Murphy. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Oklahoma Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health issues. Other or expanded principles: "END RESTRICTIONS ON ALTERNATIVE THERAPIES "
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Immigration: Do you support requiring illegal immigrants to return to their country of origin before they are eligible for citizenship? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Robert Murphy. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Oklahoma Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Allow legalization for certain illegal immigrants working in the U.S."
  • Robert Murphy. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Oklahoma Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Grant U.S. citizenship to children born in the US only if their parents immigrated legally."
  • Robert Murphy. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Oklahoma Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Prohibit states from passing laws that deny human services (medical care, education) to illegal immigrants or their children."
Yes Inferred Answer Marriage: Do you support same-sex marriage? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Robert Murphy. Civil Unions. 1 January 2012. "Oklahoma Law should recognize that adults should be free to choose for themselves who they will share their lives with. It is not for the State to define human relationships, but the people. Whether the relationship is that of a woman and a man, a woman and a woman, or a man and a man is not subject to a vote." (murphy444.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer National Security: Do you support targeting suspected terrorists outside of official theaters of conflict? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Despite exhaustive research, Project Vote Smart was unable to find information about this candidate's position.
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Social Security: Do you support allowing individuals to divert a portion of their Social Security taxes into personal retirement accounts? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Robert Murphy. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Oklahoma Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government."
  • Robert Murphy. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Oklahoma Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government."
  • Robert Murphy. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Oklahoma Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves."
  • Robert Murphy. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Oklahoma Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves."

Key

Candidate Answer

Official Position: Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.

Inferred Answer

Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Project Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.

Unknown Answer

Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue.

Project Vote Smart's Research: Click on this icon to reveal more information about this candidate's position.

Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as the candidate has submitted it. Project Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

Congressional Election 2002 National Political Awareness Test

This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.

The Political Courage Test asks candidates which items they will support if elected. It does not ask them to indicate which items they will oppose. Through extensive research of public polling data, we discovered that voters are more concerned with what candidates would support when elected to office, not what they oppose. If a candidate does not select a response to any part or all of any question, it does not necessarily indicate that the candidate is opposed to that particular item.
Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning abortion.
a) Abortions should always be illegal.
Xb) Abortions should always be legally available.
c) Abortions should be legal only within the first trimester of pregnancy.
Xd) Abortions should be legal when the pregnancy resulted from incest or rape.
Xe) Abortions should be legal when the life of the woman is endangered.
Xf) Eliminate public funding for abortions and public funding of organizations that advocate or perform abortions.
Xg) Other or expanded principles

ABORTION MUST BE THE PRIVATE CHOICE OF THE WOMAN CONCERNED, AND MUST BE PRIVATELY FUNDED.

Budgetary Priorities
Using the key below, indicate what levels of federal funding you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category.
Greatly Decrease Fundinga) Agricultural
Slightly Decrease Fundingb) Arts
Slightly Decrease Fundingc) Defense
Greatly Decrease Fundingd) Education
Maintain Funding Statuse) Environmental
Greatly Decrease Fundingf) International Aid
Greatly Decrease Fundingg) Law Enforcement
Slightly Decrease Fundingh) Medical Research
Maintain Funding Statusi) National Aeronautical Space Administration (NASA)
Slightly Decrease Fundingj) National Parks
Greatly Decrease Fundingk) Public Health Services
Slightly Decrease Fundingl) Scientific Research
Greatly Decrease Fundingm) Terrorism Prevention
Maintain Funding Statusn) Transportation and Highway Infrastructure
Greatly Decrease Fundingo) Welfare
p) Other or expanded categories
Defense Spending
Using the key below, indicate what levels of federal funding you support for the following categories. Select one number per category.
Maintain Funding Statusa) Armed Forces personnel training
Maintain Funding Statusb) Covert intelligence operations
Maintain Funding Statusc) Military hardware
Greatly Increase Fundingd) Pay for active duty personnel
Eliminate Fundinge) National Missile Defense Program
Greatly Decrease Fundingf) Programs to improve military retention rates
Maintain Funding Statusg) Research and development of new weapons
Slightly Increase Fundingh) Troop and equipment readiness
Eliminate Fundingi) Other or expanded categories

WITHDRAW FROM KOREA, OKINAWA, EUROPE, MIDEAST

Taxes
Using the key below, indicate what levels you support concerning taxes, deductions, and tax credits in the following categories. Select one number per tax.
Income Taxes - Family Income
Greatly Decreasea) Less than $25,000
Greatly Decreaseb) $25,000 - $75,000
Greatly Decreasec) $75,000 - $150,000
Greatly Decreased) Over $150,000
e) Other or expanded categories
Income Taxes - Retiree Income
Greatly Decreasef) Over $40, 000
g) Other or expanded categories
Other Taxes
Maintain Statusa) Alcohol taxes
Greatly Decreaseb) Capital gains taxes
Maintain Statusc) Cigarette taxes
Greatly Decreased) Corporate taxes
Maintain Statuse) Gasoline taxes
Eliminatef) Inheritance taxes
g) Other or expanded categories
Deductions/Credits
Greatly Increasea) Charitable deductions
Greatly Increaseb) Medical expense deductions
Greatly Increasec) Mortgage deductions
Greatly Increased) Child tax credit
Greatly Increasee) Earned income tax credit
Greatly Increasef) Student loan tax credit
g) Other or expanded categories
Taxes
Yes2) Should a married couple filing jointly pay the same taxes as if they were an unmarried couple filing separately?
No3) Would you use Social Security surpluses to balance the budget?
Yes4) Other or expanded principles

THE INCOME TAX IS A TAX ON WORK AND SHOULD BE REPEALED AND REPLACED WITH A NON-COERCIVE, NON-INTRUSIVE TRANSACTION TAX, SUCH AS A STAMP TAX ON BUSINESS TRANSACTIONS.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance and governmental reform issues.
a) Support public taxpayer funding for congressional candidates who comply with campaign spending limits.
Xb) Increase the amount individuals are permitted to contribute to federal campaigns.
c) Prohibit Political Action Committee (PAC) contributions to candidates for federal office.
d) Provide free or low-cost television advertising to candidates who agree to voluntary campaign spending limits.
Xe) Ban unregulated soft money campaign contributions to political parties or committees.
Xf) Prohibit non-U.S. citizens from making soft money contributions to national parties or party committees.
Xg) Require full disclosure of funding sources of issue advocacy commercials which appear within 60 days of an election.
h) Remove all contribution limits to federal candidates and parties.
Xi) Require congressional candidates to raise over half of their campaign money from their home state.
Xj) Require that unions give members the option of not having membership dues used for political purposes.
Yesk) Support the federal government mandate that creates national voting system standards.
Yesl) Do you support amending the Constitution to limit the number of terms that members of Congress can serve?
Nom) Do you support voting on-line?
Xn) Other or expanded principles

CAMPAIGN FINANCE LAWS SHOULD BE SIMPLE: NO CASH, NO FOREIGN OR CORPORATE DONATIONS, FULL DISCLOSURE OF DONORS AND SPENDING.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) to address crime.
Xa) Eliminate the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
b) Increase spending to build more federal prisons.
c) Impose "truth in sentencing" for violent criminals so they serve full sentences with no chance of parole.
Xd) Support programs to provide prison inmates with vocational and job-related skills and job-placement assistance when released.
Xe) Support programs to provide prison inmates with drug and alcohol addiction treatment.
f) Increase funding for community policing programs.
Xg) Implement penalties other than incarceration for certain non-violent offenders.
h) Require that crimes based on gender, sexual orientation, and disability be prosecuted as federal hate crimes.
i) Enforcement of civil rights should primarily be the responsibility of the federal government.
j) Minors accused of a violent crime should be prosecuted as adults.
Xk) Support programs that provide job training and placement services for at-risk youth.
l) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning illegal drugs.
a) Increase penalties for selling illegal drugs.
b) Support mandatory jail sentences for selling illegal drugs.
c) Expand federally sponsored drug education and drug treatment programs.
Xd) Decriminalize the use of marijuana for medicinal purposes.
e) Increase border security to stop the flow of illegal drugs into the U.S.
Xf) Eliminate federal funding for programs associated with the "war on drugs."
Xg) Other or expanded principles

IT IS THE RIGHT OF INDIVIDUALS TO DETERMINE FOR THEMSELVES WHAT SUBSTANCES TO USE FOR MEDICINE OR RECREATION, TEMPERED BY RESPONSIBILITY FOR THEIR ACTIONS.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning education.
a) Support national standards and testing of public school students.
b) Allow parents to use vouchers (equal opportunity scholarships) to send their children to any publicly-funded school.
Xc) Allow parents to use vouchers (equal opportunity scholarships) to send their children to any participating school: public, private or religious.
d) Support charter schools where teachers and professionals receive authorization and funding to establish new schools.
e) Increase funding for block grants to states to help them hire additional teachers.
f) Support teacher testing and reward teachers with merit pay.
g) Increase funding for computers and computer training in public schools.
h) Increase funding for school capital improvements (e.g. buildings and infrastructure).
i) Eliminate restrictions on federal education funding, giving educators or local school districts more flexibility to design and implement their programs.
j) Increase funding of programs such as Pell grants and Stafford loans to help students pay for college.
k) Support federal tax incentives to help families save for college.
Xl) Other or expanded principles

THE MORAL RESPONSIBILITY FOR EDUCATION MUST BE LEFT TO PARENTS AND TEACHERS - NOT BUREAUCRATS. NO ADMINISTRATOR AT ANY LEVEL SHOULD BE PAID MORE THAN THE MEDIAN SALARY OF THE CLASSROOM TEACHER.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding employment and affirmative action.
a) Increase funding for national job-training programs that re-train displaced workers or teach skills needed in today's job market.
Xb) Reduce government regulation of the private sector in order to encourage investment and economic expansion.
Xc) Establish empowerment zones in areas with large numbers of unemployed people.
Xd) Provide tax credits for businesses that provide child care for their employees.
Xe) Encourage employers to offer flex-time scheduling, comp-time, and unpaid leave for family emergencies.
Xf) Eliminate any federal programs designed to reduce unemployment.
Xg) Increase the federal minimum wage.
h) Considering race and gender in government contracting decisions is appropriate for the federal government.
i) Include sexual orientation in federal anti-discrimination laws.
j) Continue federal affirmative action programs.
Xk) Discontinue federal affirmative action programs.
l) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding America's environment and natural resources.
Xa) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Water Act.
Xb) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Air Act.
c) Support opening a select portion of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge for oil exploration.
d) Support the U.S. re-entering the current Kyoto treaty process to limit global warming.
Xe) Require states to fully compensate citizens when environmental regulations limit uses of privately owned land.
Xf) Promote increased use of alternative fuel technology.
g) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline or diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles.
Xh) Provide tax credits for state and local bonds to preserve open spaces, build parks, improve water quality and redevelop brownfields.
i) Support the National Forest Protection and Restoration Act prohibiting commercial logging in our national forests.
Xj) Provide states and local communities with more flexibility to address their respective environmental problems.
k) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning gun issues.
a) Ban the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting.
b) Maintain and strengthen the enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
Xc) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
Xd) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
Xe) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns.
f) Require manufacturers to provide child-safety locks on guns.
g) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows.
h) Require a license for gun possession.
i) Raise the minimum age for ownership of handguns from 18 to 21.
Xj) Other or expanded principles

AN ARMED SOCIETY IS A POLITE SOCIETY

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health issues.
Xa) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government.
b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income.
Xc) Support a Patient's Bill of Rights to define and enforce the rights of insured patients, including greater access to specialists and emergency rooms, wider choice of health care providers, and appeal mechanisms when claims are denied.
Xd) Support a Patient's Bill of Rights which includes the right to sue when claims are denied.
e) Support a Patient's Bill of Rights which includes the right to appeal to an administrative board of specialists when services are denied.
f) Support legislation to provide prescription drug coverage under Medicare.
g) Increase research funding of the human genome to find cures for diseases such as cancer, AIDS/HIV, Alzheimer's, and heart disease.
h) Increase federal funding for training health workers to recognize and respond to the release of biological agents.
i) Prohibit the procedure of cloning human embryos.
Xj) Other or expanded principles

POLITICAL CONTROL OF MEDICAL TREATMENT ONLY INCREASES COSTS. M.D.S, OSTEOPATHS, MIDWIVES, NURSE PRACTITIONERS AND OTHER MEDICAL PRACTIONERS SHOULD BE FREED OF MONOPOLISTIC REGULATION, BUT THERE SHOULD BE STRICT LIABILTY FOR FRAUD & MALPRACTICE

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding immigration.
a) Decrease the number of legal immigrants allowed into the country.
b) Provide extra federal aid to states with higher numbers of immigrants for necessary medical and social services.
c) Prohibit states from passing laws that deny human services (medical care, education) to illegal immigrants or their children.
d) Increase the immigration quota for computer scientists and other information technology workers.
e) Establish English as the official U.S. language.
f) Collect fingerprint data from all U.S. visa applicants which would be accessible to all federal immigration-related agencies.
Xg) Allow legalization for certain illegal immigrants working in the U.S.
h) Other or expanded principles
International Aid
Indicate which principles (if any) you support regarding U. S. economic assistance.
a) Aid should be granted to countries when extraordinary circumstances cause disaster and threaten civilian lives.
b) Aid should be granted to countries when it is in the security interests of the U. S.
c) Aid should be granted to countries that are close allies of the U. S. and in need of financial/military assistance.
d) Aid should be eliminated for any nation with documented human rights abuses.
Xe) Aid programs should be scaled back and eventually eliminated except for extraordinary circumstances.
Xf) Other or expanded principles

PRIVATE AID IS BEST

International Policy
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the Middle East.
a) The U.S. should take military action against Iraq only as part of an international effort.
Xb) The U.S. should end the economic embargo against Iraq.
Xc) The U.S. should not continue to play a prominent leadership role in the peace process between Israel and the Palestine Authority.
Xd) The U.S. should support the formation of a Palestinian state.
Xe) Other or expanded principles

THE ISRAELIS NEED TO REFORM THEIR FASCIST ECONOMY AND TREAT THE PALESTINIANS WITH JUSTICE AND COMPASSION; THE ARABS NEED TO JOIN THE MODERN WORLD. COVERT ACTION - NOT MILITARY FORCE - SHOULD BE USED AGAINST TERRORISTS.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the United States-United Nations relationship.
a) The U.S. should participate in United Nations peacekeeping missions only when vital U.S. interests are involved.
Xb) The U.S. should not commit military troops to United Nations peacekeeping missions.
c) The U.S. should withdraw completely from the United Nations.
Xd) Other or expanded principles

THE U.N. CAN BE A USEFUL FORUM, BUT WE MUST NOT SURRENDER U.S. SOVEREIGNTY TO INTERNATIONAL TRIBUNALS.

Yes3) Should the U.S. have full diplomatic relations with Cuba?
Yes4) Should the U.S. recognize and extend full diplomatic relations to Taiwan?
No5) Should the U.S. increase its financial support to Colombia for the "war on drugs?"
Yes6) Do you support the cooperative threat reduction programs with Russia to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons? ___ Yes ___ No ___ Undecided
No7) Do you support the recent withdrawal of the U.S. from the 1972 Anti-Ballistic Missile (ABM) treaty in order to deploy a national missile defense system?
Yes8) Should the U.S. hold nations accountable for terrorists who operate from their country?
X9) Other or expanded principles

THE U.S. SHOULD BE MILITARILY NEUTRAL REGARDING FOREIGN CONFLICTS. WE ARE NOT THE WORLD'S POLICEMAN. MOST U.S. INVOLVEMENT IN FOREIGN WARS HAS BEEN FOR THE PROTECTION OF OVERSEAS CORPORATE ASSETS. I OPPOSE SUCH SUBSIDIES.

International Trade
No1) Do you support the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)?
No2) Do you support the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)?
No3) Do you support continued U.S. membership in the World Trade Organization (WTO)?
Undecided4) Do you support China becoming a member of the World Trade Organization?
Undecided5) Should a nation's human rights record affect its normal trade relations (most favored nation) trading status with the United States? ___ Yes ___ No ___ Undecided
No6) Should the President have "fast-track" authority to negotiate trade agreements?
No7) Do you support the trade embargo against Cuba?
X8) Other or expanded principles

AMERICANS SHOULD BE FREE TO TRADE AND TRAVEL WITH WHOM AND WHEREVER THEY CHOOSE. ANY LAWS TO THE CONTRARY SHOULD BE PROHIBITED EXCEPT IN CASE OF CONGRESSIONALLY DECLARE WAR.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding national security.
No1. Do you support the President using military tribunals to try terrorist suspects when the President deems ordinary civil courts to be inappropriate or impractical?
Yes2. Should the U.S. adopt higher qualification rules for student visa applications from nations known to sponsor terrorism?
No3. Should law enforcement agencies be granted greater discretion to read mail and email, tap phones, and conduct random searches to prevent future terrorist attacks?
Yes4. Should federal law enforcement agencies share intelligence data with local law enforcement agencies?
No5. Should the federal government provide states with funding for homeland security?
X6. Other or expanded principles

CENTRALIZED FEDERAL BUREAUCRACIES ARE COUNTER PRODUCTIVE IN AN AGE OF INFORMATION. NUMEROUS LOCAL LAW ENFORCEMENT, NETWORKED BY NEW TECHNOLOGIES, ARE MUCH MORE EFFECTIVE FOR HUNTING CRIMINALS & TERRORISTS.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Social Security.
Xa) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves.
b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government.
c) The federal government should invest a portion of Social Security's assets collectively in stocks and bonds instead of U.S. Treasury securities.
d) Increase the payroll tax to better finance Social Security in its current form.
e) Lower Social Security's annual cost-of-living increases.
Xf) Support a "lock box" measure, limiting Congress's ability to spend Social Security and Medicare surpluses on any other federal programs except Social Security and Medicare, until each program's long-term solvency is guaranteed.
g) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding technology.
Xa) Continue the moratorium on Internet sales taxes.
b) Implement regulation of Internet content by the federal government.
Xc) Regulation of the Internet should not be controlled by the federal government.
d) Support government mandates to curtail violent and sexual content on television.
Xe) Other or expanded principles

FRAUD SHOULD BE FORCEFULLY PROSECUTED, BUT INTERNET CONTENT SHOULD BE LEFT FREE.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding poverty and the welfare system.
a) Support housing assistance for welfare recipients.
b) Provide homeless families with apartment vouchers they can use to defray the cost of an apartment.
c) Continue to give states and local governments responsibility for welfare programs through TANF block grants.
d) Maintain current welfare-to-work requirements in order for states to qualify for block grants.
e) Restore food stamp programs to legal immigrants.
f) Transfer homeless housing programs to states through block grants.
g) Provide continued Medicaid benefits for those welfare recipients who have moved from welfare to work.
h) Require states to return any unused welfare block grant funding to the federal government.
i) Direct federal poverty aid through religious, community-based, or other non-profit organizations.
j) Provide states with additional funding for Medicaid programs to alleviate increasing state budget deficits.
Xk) Other or expanded principles

I AM GENERALLY OPPOSED TO GOVERNMENT WELFARE. HOWEVER, I WILL PROMOTE AID TO THE POOR UNTIL CORPORATE WELFARE IS ENDED. WE MUST STOP GIVING AID TO THE RICH BEFORE ENDING IT FOR THE POOR.

In a total of seventy-five (75) words or less, please explain what your top two or three priorities will be if elected. Please explain how you would obtain any additional funding needed to implement these priorities.
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