This candidate has demonstrated 0% courage during the test.
*Note: This percentage is calculated based on the number of issue areas addressed by the candidate on the Political Courage Test at the conclusion of the testing period. It does not indicate support or lack of support by Project Vote Smart.
In response to the increasing unwillingness of candidates to answer issue questions, Project Vote Smart has researched Presidential and Congressional candidates' public records to determine candidates' likely responses on certain key issues. These are provided below as a courtesy to voters.
Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.
Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Project Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.
Candidate refused to address this issue.
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This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.
Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning abortion.
|a) Abortions should always be illegal.|
|b) Abortions should always be legally available.|
|c) Abortions should be legal only within the first trimester of pregnancy.|
|X||d) Abortions should be legal when pregnancy results from incest, rape or the life of the woman is endangered.|
|e) Abortions should be limited by waiting periods and notification requirements as decided by each state government.|
|f) Prohibit the dilation and extraction procedure, also known as "partial-birth" abortion.|
|X||g) Support "buffer zones" at abortion clinics by requiring demonstrators to remain a certain distance from doorways and driveways.|
|h) Prohibit public funding for abortions and organizations that advocate or perform abortions.|
State Budget: Indicate the funding levels you will support for the following general categories.
|Slightly Increase Funding||a) Education (Higher)|
|Greatly Increase Funding||b) Education (K-12)|
|Maintain Funding Status||c) Environment|
|Greatly Increase Funding||d) Health care|
|Maintain Funding Status||e) Law enforcement|
|Maintain Funding Status||f) Transportation and Highway infrastructure|
|Maintain Funding Status||g) Welfare|
State Taxes: Indicate the tax levels you will support.
|Slightly Increase||a) Alcohol taxes|
|Slightly Decrease||b) Capital gains taxes|
|Slightly Increase||c) Cigarette taxes|
|Slightly Increase||d) Corporate taxes|
|Maintain Status||e) Estate taxes|
|Greatly Decrease||f) Gasoline taxes|
|Slightly Decrease||g) Income taxes (incomes below $75,000)|
|Slightly Decrease||h) Income taxes (incomes above $75,000)|
|Slightly Decrease||i) Property taxes|
|Slightly Decrease||j) Sales taxes|
|Slightly Decrease||k) Vehicle taxes|
|No||m) Should Internet sales be taxed?|
|No||n) Do you support a flat tax structure for state income taxes?|
|Yes||o) Would you support returning any operating surplus to Ohio taxpayers?|
|Yes||p) Would you support placing any operating surplus into a "rainy day" fund?|
|No||q) Do you support amending the Ohio Constitution to prohibit cities and villages from imposing income taxes on people who work in one town and live in another?|
Indicate which principles you support (if any) to address crime.
|a) Increase state funds for construction of state prisons and for hiring of additional prison staff.|
|b) Support contracting with private sector firms to build and/or manage state prisons.|
|X||c) End parole for repeat violent offenders.|
|d) Support the use of the death penalty in Ohio.|
|X||e) Support a moratorium on the death penalty.|
|X||f) Implement penalties other than incarceration for certain non-violent offenders.|
|X||g) Inform communities when a convicted sex offender moves into the community.|
|X||h) Support programs to provide prison inmates with vocational and job-related skills and job-placement assistance when released.|
|i) Decriminalize the use of marijuana for medicinal purposes.|
|X||j) Strengthen penalties and sentences for drug-related crimes.|
|k) Lower the blood-alcohol-content limit defining drunk driving.|
|l) Prosecute as adults, youths accused of a felony.|
|X||m) Increase penalties for crimes committed on school grounds.|
|X||n) Require that crimes based on gender, sexual orientation, or disability be prosecuted as hate crimes.|
|X||o) Support programs that provide job training and placement services for at-risk youth.|
|X||p) Ban the use of racial profiling by law enforcement officers.|
|q) Lower the minimum age for sending convicted juvenile offenders to the Department of Youth Services.|
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding education.
|X||a) Increase state funds for professional development of public school teachers and administrators.|
|X||b) Encourage private or corporate investment in public school programs.|
|c) Provide parents with state-funded vouchers to send their children to any participating school (public, private, religious).|
|d) Support charter schools where teachers and professionals receive authorization and funding to establish new schools.|
|X||e) Increase state funds for school capital improvements (e.g. buildings and infrastructure).|
|X||f) Increase state funds for hiring additional teachers.|
|g) Endorse teacher-led voluntary prayer in public schools.|
|X||h) Support posting the Ten Commandments in public schools.|
|i) Require public schools to administer high school exit exams.|
|X||j) Support national standards and testing of public school students.|
|k) Support teacher testing and reward teachers with merit pay.|
|X||l) Provide state funding to increase teacher salaries.|
|X||m) Support a moratorium on student proficiency testing.|
|X||n) Amend the Ohio Constitution to make the State Board of Education an elected board.|
|X||o) Reduce the reliance on local property taxes to fund schools by increasing state taxes.|
|X||p) Reduce the reliance on local property taxes to fund schools by using existing state funds.|
|q) Eliminate unfunded state mandates on public schools.|
|r) Fund all existing state mandates on public schools.|
|s) Require students to pass the fourth-grade reading test before being promoted.|
Employment: Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning employment.
|X||a) Provide low interest loans and tax credits for starting, expanding, or relocating businesses.|
|X||b) Reduce state government regulations on the private sector to encourage investment and economic expansion.|
|c) Support limits on cash damages in lawsuits against businesses and professionals for product liability or malpractice.|
|X||d) Increase funding for state job-training programs that re-train displaced workers or teach skills needed in today's job market.|
Affirmative Action: Which of the following state agencies should take race and sex into account when making employment decisions?
|Yes||a) College and university admissions|
|Yes||b) Public employment|
|Yes||c) State contracting|
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the environment and energy.
|X||a) Encourage further development and use of alternative fuels to reduce pollution.|
|X||b) Support "self-audit" legislation which creates incentives for industries to audit themselves and clean up pollution.|
|c) Require a cost/benefit analysis to determine the economic impact of proposed environmental regulations before they are implemented.|
|d) Require states to fully compensate citizens when environmental regulations limit uses on privately owned land.|
|X||e) Support funding for recycling programs in Ohio.|
|X||f) Request added flexibility from the federal government in enforcing and funding federal environmental regulations.|
|g) Suspend participation in un-funded, federally-mandated environmental protection legislation.|
|X||h) Provide funds for farmland preservation.|
|X||i) Increase funds for protecting open space.|
|X||j) Increase funds for cleaning up abandoned industrial sites.|
|k) Establish growth boundaries around urban areas.|
|m) Should state environmental regulations be stricter than federal law?|
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding government reform.
|Yes||a) Do you support the current limit on terms for Ohio Governors?|
|No||b) Do you support the current limit on terms for Ohio State Senators and Representatives?|
c) Do you support limiting the following types of contributions to state legislative candidates?
|Yes||d) Political Parties|
|Yes||d) Do you support requiring full and timely disclosure of campaign finance information?|
|Yes||e) Do you support imposing spending limits on state level political campaigns?|
|No||f) Do you support partial funding from state taxes for state level political campaigns?|
|Undecided||g) Do you support voting on-line?|
|h) Do you support on-line voter registration?|
|i) Do you support placing limits on the amount of money that can be collected in state civil lawsuits?|
Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning gun issues.
|X||a) Ban the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting.|
|X||b) Maintain and strengthen the enforcement of existing state restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.|
|c) Ease state restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.|
|d) Repeal state restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.|
|e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns.|
|X||f) Require manufacturers to provide child-safety locks on guns.|
|X||g) Require background checks of gun buyers at gun shows.|
|X||h) Require a license for gun possession.|
|X||i) Require the safe storage of guns.|
|X||j) Require gun dealers to offer trigger locks to anyone who purchases a gun.|
|X||k) Provide funds for gun-safety training in public schools.|
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health issues.
|X||a) Provide tax incentives to small businesses that provide health care to their employees.|
|X||b) Ensure that citizens have access to basic health care through managed care, insurance reforms, or state funded care where necessary.|
|c) Transfer more existing Medicaid recipients into managed care programs.|
|X||d) Use state funds to continue some Medicaid coverage for legal immigrants.|
|e) Limit the amount of damages that can be awarded in medical malpractice lawsuits.|
|X||f) Support a patient's right to sue his or her HMO.|
|X||g) Support a patient's right to appeal to an administrative board of specialists when services are denied.|
|h) Guaranteed medical care to all citizens is not a responsibility of state government.|
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding social issues.
|X||a) Provide tax credits for businesses that provide child care for their employees.|
|X||b) Increase state funds to provide child care for children in low-income working families.|
|X||c) Deny or suspend state-issued permits and licenses to parents who are delinquent in paying court-ordered child support.|
|X||d) Increase state funding for Head Start in order to serve additional children and/or increase services from a half to a full day.|
|X||e) Increase state funding for community centers and other social agencies in areas with at-risk youth.|
|X||f) Support state funding of programs for at-risk youth such as guaranteed college loans, and job training and placement.|
|X||g) Support Ohio joining a multi-state lottery.|
|Undecided||i) Should physician assisted suicide be legally available in Ohio?|
|Yes||j) Should Ohio include sexual orientation in its anti-discrimination laws?|
|Yes||k) Should Ohio recognize civil unions between same-sex couples?|
|Undecided||l) Should Ohio restrict marriage to a relationship only between a man and a woman?|
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding welfare.
|a) Maintain current time limits on welfare benefits.|
|X||b) Maintain the requirement that able-bodied recipients work in order to receive benefits.|
|X||c) Increase employment and job training programs for welfare recipients.|
|X||d) Provide tax incentives to businesses that hire welfare recipients.|
|X||e) Provide child care for welfare recipients who work.|
|X||f) Increase access to public transportation for welfare recipients who work.|
|X||g) Allow welfare recipients to remain eligible for benefits while saving money for education, starting a business, or buying a home.|
|h) Limit benefits given to recipients if they have additional children while on welfare.|
|i) Eliminate government-funded welfare programs.|
|j) Redirect welfare funding to faith-based and community-based private organizations.|
|X||k) Use federal TANF (Temporary Assistance to Needy Families) funds to expand state services to include the working poor.|
|Please explain what your two main legislative priorities will be if elected. Please explain how you would obtain any additional government funding needed to implement these priorities.|
My active legislative platform will be: