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David Wu

David Wu's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)

Full Name: David Wu
Gender: Male
Family: Wife: Michelle; 2 Children: Matthew, Sarah
Birth Date: 04/08/1955
Birth Place: Taiwan
Home City: Portland, OR
Religion: Presbyterian
Project Vote Smart does not permit the use of its name or programs in any campaign activity, including advertising, debates, and speeches.
David Wu refused to tell citizens where he stands on any of the issues addressed in the 2010 Political Courage Test, despite repeated requests from Vote Smart, national media, and prominent political leaders.

What is the Political Courage Test?

Issue Positions

In response to the increasing unwillingness of candidates to answer issue questions, Project Vote Smart has researched Presidential and Congressional candidates' public records to determine candidates' likely responses on certain key issues. These issue positions, from the year 2010, are provided below as a courtesy to voters.

Pro-choice Inferred Answer Abortion Issues: Do you consider yourself pro-choice or pro-life? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Planned Parenthood. 2008. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. "David Wu supported the interests of Planned Parenthood 100 percent in 2008." (votesmart.org)
  • David Wu. H Amdt 209 to HR 1815. 109th Congress. An amendment numbered 12 printed in House Report 109-96 to lift the current ban on privately funded abortions at U.S. military facilities overseas. Project Vote Smart Summary: David Wu voted YES on 25 May 2005. (votesmart.org)
  • David Wu. H Amdt 509 to HR 3962. 111th Congress. An amendment printed in Part C of House Report 111-330 to codify the Hyde Amendment in H.R. 3962. The amendment prohibits federal funds for abortion services in the public option. It also prohibits individuals who receive affordability credits from purchasing a plan that provides elective abortions. However, it allows individuals, both who receive affordability credits and who do not, to separately purchase with their own funds plans that cover elective abortions. It also clarifies that private plans may still offer elective abortions. Project Vote Smart Summary: David Wu voted NO on 7 November 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • David Wu. HR 3660. 106th Congress. To amend title 18, United States Code, to ban partial-birth abortions. Project Vote Smart Summary: David Wu voted NO on 5 April 2000. (votesmart.org)
  • David Wu. HR 760. 108th Congress. To prohibit the procedure commonly known as partial-birth abortion. Project Vote Smart Summary: David Wu voted NO on 4 June 2003. (votesmart.org)
  • David Wu. S 3. 108th Congress. A bill to prohibit the procedure commonly known as partial-birth abortion. Project Vote Smart Summary: David Wu voted NO on 2 October 2003. (votesmart.org)
  • NARAL Pro-Choice America. 2009. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. "David Wu supported the interests of NARAL Pro-Choice America 100 percent in 2009." (votesmart.org)
  • National Right to Life Committee. 2009. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. "David Wu supported the interests of the National Right to Life Committee 0 percent in 2009." (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Budget, Spending, and Tax Issues: Do you support the elimination of the federal estate tax? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • National Taxpayers Union. 2009. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. "David Wu supported the interests of the National Taxpayers Union 2 percent in 2009." (votesmart.org)
  • David Wu. HR 5638. 109th Congress. To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to increase the unified credit against the estate tax to an exclusion equivalent of $5,000,000 and to repeal the sunset provision for the estate and generation-skipping taxes, and for other purposes. Project Vote Smart Summary: David Wu voted NO on 22 June 2006. (votesmart.org)
  • David Wu. HR 8. 108th Congress. To make the repeal of the estate tax permanent. Project Vote Smart Summary: David Wu voted NO on 13 April 2005. (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Budget, Spending, and Tax Issues: Do you support using government funds in an effort to stimulate and improve the economy? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • David Wu. HR 1. 111th Congress. Making supplemental appropriations for job preservation and creation, infrastructure investment, energy efficiency and science, assistance to the unemployed, and State and local fiscal stabilization, for fiscal year ending September 30, 2009, and for other purposes. Project Vote Smart Summary: David Wu voted YES on 13 February 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Club for Growth. 2008. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. "David Wu supported the interests of the Club for Growth 0 percent in 2008." (votesmart.org)
  • David Wu. HR 1424. 111th Congress. To provide authority for the Federal Government to purchase and insure certain types of troubled assets for the purposes of providing stability to and preventing disruption in the economy and financial system and protecting taxpayers, to amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to provide incentives for energy production and conservation, to extend certain expiring provisions, to provide individual income tax relief, and for other purposes. Project Vote Smart Summary: David Wu voted YES on 3 October 2008. (votesmart.org)
  • David Wu. Issue Position: Fighting to Improve the Economy. "David Wu understands that families are struggling. That's why he supported a law that's put thousands of Oregonians back to work making needed repairs and upgrades to our crumbling infrastructure, including our roads, bridges, ports and rail lines. David Wu introduced a law to jumpstart our stalled economy by helping Oregon's emerging high-tech and green energy businesses expand and create new good-paying jobs." (www.sos.state.or.us)
  • David Wu. 2010. The League of Women Voters of Oregon: 2010 Oregon Primary Election Candidate Survey. Responded: "The last administration put this country on an unsustainable path of deficit spending, running the deficit up for eight years. Congress has passed pay-as-you-go (PAYGO) restrictions so that new spending must be offset by commensurate reductions elsewhere in the budget. At the same time, we must make wise investments to spur economic growth, such as making college education affordable and promoting job-creating innovations in fields such as health care and green energy," to the question: "What can be done in the next few years to reduce our national budget deficit?" (www.lwvor.org)
  • David Wu. 2010. The Oregonian (Portland, OR): 2010 Oregon Primary Election Candidate Survey. Responded: "In the short term, we must provide relief in the form of unemployment benefits and help paying COBRA health insurance premiums so people can make ends meet while they search for a new job or retrain for a new career. At the same time, we must invest in education and research to lay the foundation for a healthy economy and robust job creation, especially in growing fields like clean energy and health care. Well-paying jobs and a trained workforce will be the backbone of our economic prosperity in the coming years," to the question: "What specific actions should Congress take to spur economic recovery?" (thevoterguide.oregonlive.com)
  • David Wu. American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. 27 January 2009. "Mr. WU. I thank the gentlelady, and I rise in support of the underlying legislation. I want to commend President Obama, his administration, Speaker Pelosi, Chairman Obey and Chairman Gordon for their leadership and commitment to ensure that this bill provides strong funding for science, technology, and long-term economic growth in order to get our economy back on track. We need to rebuild from the ground up. We need to invest in research that will create the jobs of the 21st century, including those jobs in health information technology." (votesmart.org)
  • David Wu. Stimulating Our Economy Through Another Jobs Bill. 2 December 2009. "But this Congress and the administration stepped up to the plate. We passed a stimulus bill that cushioned the loss of jobs and is beginning to bring jobs back. More than half the Recovery Act money is still going to be spent into our economy. We passed a new unemployment extension benefit that will take effect and cushion the blow for working families. But American families that have lost their jobs know that we need to do more, and we are going to do more. In contrast, Republicans have offered nothing. They voted 'no' on creating jobs. We are going to say 'yes,' and we're going to pass another jobs bill and stimulate our economy." (votesmart.org)
  • David Wu. Wu Fights to Restore Education Cuts in Economic Recovery Package. 10 February 2009. "Today Congressman David Wu released the following statement after the Senate voted 61-37 to pass its version of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act: 'We must move as quickly as possible to enact an economic recovery package that is in line with President Obama's priorities. The Senate's education cuts make it very difficult for me to support the final version of the bill if it mirrors what passed the Senate this afternoon. It is crucial that we both employ people today and build our economic capacity for the future. The education and research components of the Obama package do just that. From Pell Grants for higher education, to aid that will keep Oregon schools from closing their doors, to updated school buildings, we must invest in our current and future workforce. The stimulus education funding will not only create and save jobs, it will keep students in school, rather than adding them to the unemployment lines. I know we are spending real money here. Every dollar we spend is borrowed against our future, so the benefits should accrue both today and tomorrow. Funding education is one of the best ways to meet the needs of today while building a better tomorrow. We must ensure that we don't return to the failed economic policies of the past by restoring the education cuts made by the Senate and investing in better days ahead.'" (votesmart.org)
  • David Wu. Issue Position: Jobs and the Economy. "Our state has been hit hard by the economic downturn and too many families are struggling as we work to rebuild our economy. I have been standing up for Oregon's working families by finding common-sense solutions to create jobs and build a prosperous economy here in Oregon. Congress has taken a number of bold steps to help pull us out of the worst economic crisis America has faced since the Great Depression, but we need to do much more to create high-wage jobs. I am committed to continuing to serve as a tough, independent voice for Oregon who fights for policies and investments that will fuel our economic recovery and create new jobs in our state. We must make these investments in a way that is fiscally responsible. I am working to make our government more accountable and rein in the federal spending that is driving our country deeper into debt. Just like a responsible family budget, our government should offset any new spending with appropriate cuts to existing programs. I'm pushing for common-sense laws that reduce the waste, fraud, and abuse of taxpayer dollars by requiring stricter oversight and quarterly audits to crack down on agencies that pay too much, pay twice for the same things, or pay for the wrong thing." (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Business and Employment Issues: Do you support privatizing elements of Social Security? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • David Wu. Congressman David Wu Responds to the State of the Union. 2 February 2005. "Every privatization plan proposed thus far would reduce guaranteed benefits and expose people to Wall Street risk. We should preserve Social Security for future generations, but privatization is not the way to achieve this goal." (votesmart.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Crime Issues: Do you support capital punishment for certain crimes? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Citizens United for the Rehabilitation of Errants. 2005-2006. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. "David Wu supported the interests of the Citizens United for the Rehabilitation of Errants 70 percent in 2005-2006." (votesmart.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Education Issues: Do you support federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • David Wu. HR 1. 107th Congress. To close the achievement gap with accountability, flexibility, and choice, so that no child is left behind. Project Vote Smart Summary: David Wu voted YES on 23 May 2001. (votesmart.org)
  • Home School Legal Defense Association. 1999-2000. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. "David Wu supported the interests of the Home School Legal Defense Association 40 percent in 1999-2000." (votesmart.org)
  • David Wu. Issue Position: Education. "Accordingly, I have introduced the No Child Left Behind Flexibility and Improvement Act. This bill helps get the reforms of NCLB back on track. It will better assess how well our children are doing. It will help schools ensure they have highly qualified teachers. And it will better equip rural schools to handle the demands of this new law. But it does not change the intent or the requirements of NCLB. The No Child Left Behind Improvement and Flexibility Act, builds flexibility into the law so that it can be better implemented while still maintaining its strong standards and accountability provisions." (votesmart.org)
  • David Wu. Issue Position: Education. "A good education is the best path towards a successful future for the next generation. As the father of two children, I understand how deeply important it is to fight for small class sizes, quality teachers and schools, and affordable higher education. I have made hundreds of visits to schools in my congressional district over the past few years to listen to parents, students, and teachers talk about the challenges our schools face. Even in a tight economy, there are jobs available that require highly specialized training but do not demand a college education, such as welders, laboratory technicians, and firefighters--as well as positions in Oregon's growing renewable energy industry. That's why I've been such a strong supporter of our community colleges. As co-chair of the Congressional Community College Caucus, I have fought to provide local schools with the funding they need to offer quality, affordable job training programs in high-demand fields like health care and renewable energy. Oregonians can continue to count on me to be the representative who will stand by your side and fight for our kids, our schools, and our future." (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Environment and Energy Issues: Do you support enacting environmental regulations aimed at reducing the effects of climate change? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • David Wu. HR 2454. 111th Congress. To create clean energy jobs, achieve energy independence, reduce global warming pollution and transition to a clean energy economy. Project Vote Smart Summary: David Wu voted YES on 26 July 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Environment America. 2009. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. "David Wu supported the interests of Environment America 100 percent in 2009." (votesmart.org)
  • David Wu. 2010. The League of Women Voters of Oregon: 2010 Oregon Primary Election Candidate Survey. Responded: "As chair of the Technology and Innovation Subcommittee, I have made renewable energy and green building technology innovation a high priority. Oregon is a leader in green building development and can share current cutting-edge technologies and emerging research with the world. I have supported legislation to reduce emissions from vehicles and to increase the use of sustainable energy, including the creation of ARPA-E to support essential new energy research," to the question: "What actions will you take to move federal action to reduce global warming pollutants on a national and global scale?" (www.lwvor.org)
  • David Wu. 2010. The Oregonian (Portland, OR): 2010 Oregon Primary Election Candidate Survey. Responded: "Addressing the effects of climate change requires a multi-faceted commitment to developing innovative renewable energy sources, using less energy in our vehicles and buildings, and reducing harmful emissions. The American Clean Energy Security Act will help us transition to a clean energy economy by capping carbon emissions and allowing companies to trade credits to meet overall environmental goals. This market-based approach has the potential to reduce greenhouse gases from power plants and heavy industry more than 80 percent by 2050 and includes plans to reinvest the revenues in consumers and research. By passing comprehensive legislation to address climate change while helping protect consumers from energy price increases, we can spur our innovation economy to develop and improve clean energy sources and green building technology. This effort will create new clean energy jobs, improve our national security by reducing our dependence on foreign oil, and help preserve the planet," to the question: "Should Congress pass "cap and trade" legislation to combat global warming? Why or why not?" (thevoterguide.oregonlive.com)
  • David Wu. Issue Position: Environment. "I believe that the United States must take decisive action to address global climate change. I am committed to federal policies that increase energy conservation, funding for research and development of sustainable and domestic sources of energy, and the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. Investing in a clean energy future is one of the most important things we can do to ensure that successive generations will enjoy a clean and healthy environment." (votesmart.org)
  • David Wu. Issue Position: Environment and Energy. "We must take action now to address climate change and protect the health of our planet. I am helping make Oregon the national leader in clean, renewable energy, and we are succeeding--Oregon has the highest proportion of clean energy jobs in the country, according to a recent study by the Pew Charitable Trust. I am committed to continuing to grow our clean energy economy and creating local high-wage, private-sector jobs. I have helped establish tax breaks for companies that manufacture solar panels and grants so that more people can get trained to install them. I wrote legislation that puts fuel cells made in Oregon on equal footing with other energy sources, which will help local businesses grow and hire more employees. I am also fighting for tax breaks so that more families and businesses can buy solar panels. These efforts will help reduce our dependence on foreign oil and create more good-paying clean energy jobs in Oregon. As we increase our use of renewable energy, we must also make sure that our current energy sources are as safe and reliable as possible. I am outraged at the irresponsible behavior that led to the recent massive oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico. I have called on the Obama administration to take immediate action to prevent future disasters on offshore drilling platforms and make sure that no taxpayer dollars are used to bail out BP. I have also supported legislation that would create a permanent ban on new offshore oil and natural gas drilling along the West Coast to protect our unique coastline." (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Gun Issues: Do you support restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • David Wu. HR 6842. 111th Congress. To restore Second Amendment rights in the District of Columbia. Project Vote Smart Summary: David Wu voted NO on 17 September 2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Gun Owners of America. 2010. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. "In 2010 Gun Owners of America gave David Wu a grade of F." (votesmart.org)
  • Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. 2003. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. "David Wu supported the interests of the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence 88 percent from 1991 to 2003." (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Health Issues: Do you support a publicly-administered health insurance option? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • David Wu signed the Progressive Change Campaign Committee Letter. "Representatives Jared Polis and Chellie Pingree are asking other members of Congress to join them in signing this urgent letter to Harry Reid: Dear Majority Leader Reid: As the Senate continues to work on health reform legislation, we strongly urge you to consider including a public option."
  • American Public Health Association. 2009. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. "David Wu supported the interests of the American Public Health Association 100 percent in 2009." (votesmart.org)
  • David Wu. 2010. The Oregonian (Portland, OR): 2010 Oregon Primary Election Candidate Survey. Responded: "Health care reform does more than extend coverage to 32 million people and provide unprecedented security and stability for the 200 million Americans with private health insurance. It makes a landmark commitment to move away from paying doctors for the number of procedures and toward rewarding quality and results. ? Congress must hold the administration to its commitment to study and implement a Medicare payment system that is based on high-value care, so that we can move away from the volume-based system that has exacerbated geographic disparities and led to millions of seniors being unable to find a doctor," to the question: "Now that the health care reform plan has become law, what should Congress do next on this issue?" (thevoterguide.oregonlive.com)
  • David Wu. HR 3962. 111th Congress. To provide affordable, quality health care for all Americans and reduce the growth in health care spending, and for other purposes. Project Vote Smart Summary: David Wu voted YES on 7 November 2009. (votesmart.org)
  • David Wu. Wu Commits To Voting For Health Care Reform. 20 March 2010. "This is a vital and landmark shift in policy. By combining this major policy change with the other substantial reforms in the health care reform bill, we have created a legislative package that will serve as the foundation for quality health care for decades to come. I am committed to voting for health care reform and will stand proudly with my colleagues as we make history." (votesmart.org)
  • David Wu. House Passes Historic Health Care Reform Legislation. 21 March 2010. "Tonight, after a long and heated debate, we passed legislation that will touch the lives of all Americans and make substantial improvements to our health care system. I was proud to support this health care reform legislation and stand with my colleagues as we made history." (votesmart.org)
  • David Wu. Health Care Reform Will Benefit All Americans. 19 March 2010. "We are in the final stages of putting into writing an agreement that would begin to move the American health care system away from paying doctors for the number of procedures and toward rewarding quality and results. I am strongly leaning toward voting for health care reform and am looking forward to final agreement about this important improvement to American health care. I expect that the overall legislative package will make a real difference for families in Oregon and across the country." (votesmart.org)
  • David Wu. Issue Position: Health Care. "For far too long, rising health care costs have hurt America's economy and burdened American families struggling to obtain quality, affordable health care. I listened closely to Oregonians during the debate on health care reform and heard loud and clear that the system was not working. I helped enact historic health care reforms that will make significant investments in changing the failed status quo. When we look back in 50 years, health care reform will stand beside Social Security, the GI Bill, and Medicare as a pillar of American progress and humane values. I was proud to support the health care reform legislation and look forward to the positive changes that Oregonians will see as a result." (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Immigration Issues: Do you support a pathway to citizenship for illegal immigrants? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Federation for American Immigration Reform. 2007-2008. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. "David Wu supported the interests of the Federation for American Immigration Reform 15 percent in 2007-2008." (votesmart.org)
  • National Latino Congreso. 2007-2010. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. "David Wu supported the interests of the National Latino Congreso 89 percent in 2007-2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Gaston, Christian. Portland Tribune - Wu, Cornilles Jab at Issues, Each Other in First Debate. "What happened in Arizona should never happen anywhere else," Wu said. Instead, Wu suggested that those whose legal immigration status can't be confirmed should pay a fine, back taxes and learn to speak English before being granted legal citizenship. 'I believe Rob and I probably agree that removing 12 million to 14 million people from this country is not a viable option,' he said." (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer International Policy Issues: Do you support United States military action in Afghanistan? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Peace Action West. 2009. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Ratings. "David Wu supported the interests of Peace Action West 58 percent in 2009." (votesmart.org)
  • David Wu. HR 4899. 111th Congress. Requiring Timetable for Withdrawal from Afghanistan. Project Vote Smart Summary: David Wu voted NO on 1 July 2010. (votesmart.org)
  • David Wu. HR 4899. 111th Congress. Limiting Afghanistan Military Funding to Withdrawal and Other Specified Purposes. Project Vote Smart Summary: David Wu voted NO on 1 July 2010. (votesmart.org)
  • David Wu. War in Afghanistan: an ongoing threat to our security. 16 September 2009. "I say this knowing that many Oregonians oppose this war. Frankly, I wish we didn't have to fight it at all, but al-Qaida has killed Americans before and intends to do so again. If we leave Afghanistan now, we leave control of the country open to the hands of the Taliban. They will provide shelter to al-Qaida, complete with training camps for terrorists...This is no Vietnam. The Viet Cong never followed us home. Al-Qaida will." (www.oregonlive.com)
  • Pope, Charles. 2009. The Oregonian (Portland, OR). Obama fails to convince most lawmakers from Oregon. 1 December, 2009. "President Obama and his administration followed a wise course in carefully and thoughtfully making this crucial strategy decision. No one wants to be fighting a war in Afghanistan, but the president's new approach gives us the best opportunity to finish the job in a way that's consistent with our national security interests." (www.oregonlive.com)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Social Issues: Should marriage only be between one man and one woman? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • David Wu. H J Res 88. 109th Congress. Proposing an amendment to the Constitution of the United States relating to marriage. Project Vote Smart Summary: David Wu voted NO on 18 July 2006. (votesmart.org)

Key

Candidate Answer

Official Position: Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.

Inferred Answer

Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Project Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.

Unknown Answer

Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue.

Project Vote Smart's Research: Click on this icon to reveal more information about this candidate's position.

Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as the candidate has submitted it. Project Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

Congressional Election 1998 National Political Awareness Test

This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.

The Political Courage Test asks candidates which items they will support if elected. It does not ask them to indicate which items they will oppose. Through extensive research of public polling data, we discovered that voters are more concerned with what candidates would support when elected to office, not what they oppose. If a candidate does not select a response to any part or all of any question, it does not necessarily indicate that the candidate is opposed to that particular item.
Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning abortion.
Xa) Abortions should always be legally available.
b) Abortions should be legal only within the first trimester of pregnancy.
c) Abortions should be legal only when the pregnancy resulted from incest, rape, or when the life of the woman is endangered.
d) Abortions should be legal only when the life of the woman is endangered.
e) Abortions should always be illegal.
f) Abortions should be limited by waiting periods and notification requirements as decided by each state government.
g) Prohibit the late-term abortion procedure known as "partial-birth" abortion.
h) Prohibit public funding of abortions and public funding of organizations that advocate or perform abortions.
i) Other
1) Indicate what levels of federal funding you support for the following categories. Select one number (level) only.
Slightly Increasea) AIDS programs
Slightly Increaseb) Arts funding
Slightly Increasec) Education (K-12)
Maintain Statusd) Environmental programs
Maintain Statuse) Foreign aid
Maintain Statusf) Housing projects
Slightly Increaseg) Job training programs
Maintain Statush) Law enforcement
Maintain Statusi) Medicaid
Maintain Statusj) Medicare
Slightly Increasek) NASA
Greatly Increasel) Student loan programs
Maintain Statusm) Welfare
n) Other

Research funding -- Slightly Increase

o) Other

college student grants -- Slightly Increase

p) Other
2) Indicate what levels of federal funding you support for the following defense-related categories. Select one number (level) only.
a) Armed Forces personnel training
b) CIA appropriations
c) Defense plant conversion
d) Development of new weapons
e) Military hardware
f) Military space shuttle missions
g) National Missile Defense Program
h) Pay for active duty personnel
i) Other
3) Do you support amending the U.S. Constitution to require an annual balanced federal budget?
4) Indicate how you would apply the expected federal budget surplus.
Xa) Social Security
b) Medicare
c) Tax cuts
Xd) Federal debt reduction
Xe) Other

Investment in Education

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance reform.
a) Remove all legislative limits on campaign financing.
b) Establish spending limits on congressional campaigns.
c) Provide public funding for federal candidates who comply with campaign spending limits.
d) Support legislation that would increase the federal limits on individual contributions.
Xe) Strengthen and enforce legislation that encourages full and timely disclosure of campaign finance information.
f) Prohibit Political Action Committee (PAC) contributions to candidates for federal office.
g) Provide free or low-cost television advertising to candidates who agree to voluntary campaign spending limits.
Xh) Ban the unregulated campaign contributions known as soft money.
i) Pass legislation banning issue advocacy commercials by outside groups within 60 days of an election.
j) Prohibit non-U.S. citizens from making contributions to federal campaigns.
Xk) Other

Explore voluntary expenditure limits in exchange for VERY low cost air time to campaigns.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) to address crime.
a) Broaden use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
b) Increase spending to build more federal prisons.
c) Impose "truth in sentencing" for violent criminals so they serve full sentences with no chance of parole.
Xd) Fund programs to provide prison inmates with vocational and job-related skills and job-placement assistance when released.
Xe) Expand funding for community policing programs.
Xf) Increase penalties for the possession of any illegal firearms.
g) Prosecute youths accused of a felony as adults.
h) Increase funding for local Boys & Girls Clubs and other independent organizations in communities with at-risk youth.
i) Reduce prison sentences for those who commit non-violent crimes.
j) Deport all permanent resident aliens convicted of a felony.
k) Other
Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning illegal drugs.
a) Increase penalties for selling illegal drugs.
b) Impose mandatory jail sentences for selling illegal drugs.
c) Impose capital punishment for convicted international drug traffickers.
d) Strengthen current laws dealing with non-controlled substances, including inhalants and commercially available pills.
e) Increase funding of federally-sponsored drug education and drug treatment programs.
f) Decriminalize the use of marijuana for medicinal purposes.
g) Increase funding for border security to stop the flow of illegal drugs into the U.S.
h) Other
1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the economy and employment.
Xa) Provide tax credits for companies that move job-creating industries into areas with high unemployment.
Xb) Increase funding for national job-training programs that re-train displaced workers or teach skills needed in today's job market.
Xc) Reduce government regulations on the private sector in order to encourage investment and economic expansion.
d) Establish empowerment zones in areas with large numbers of unemployed people.
e) Eliminate any federal programs designed to reduce unemployment.
Xf) Increase the minimum wage.
g) Pass legislation that encourages employers to offer their employees the options of flex-time scheduling, comp-time and unpaid leave to attend to their family responsibilities.
h) Provide tax credits for businesses that provide on-site child care.
2) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding affirmative action and discrimination.
a) The federal government should consider race and sex in making government contracting decisions.
Xb) The federal government should continue affirmative action programs only if such programs do not include quotas.
c) The federal government should discontinue affirmative action programs.
Xd) The federal government should prosecute cases of discrimination in the public sector.
Xe) The federal government should prosecute cases of discrimination in the private sector.
f) The federal government should include sexual orientation in its anti-discrimination laws.
g) Other
1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning education.
a) Support national standards and testing in reading and math.
b) Allow parents to use vouchers to send their children to any publicly funded school.
c) Allow parents to use vouchers to send their children to any participating school: public, private or religious.
d) Allow parents to use tax-free savings accounts to send their children to any publicly funded school.
e) Allow parents to use tax-free savings accounts to send their children to any participating school: public, private or religious.
Xf) Support creation of more charter schools where teachers and professionals receive authorization and funding to establish new schools.
g) Give all federal education funding to states in the form of block grants and allow them to spend it as they see fit.
h) Support voluntary teacher testing and reward teachers with merit pay.
i) Increase funding for block grants to states to help them hire additional teachers.
Xj) Other

add 100,000 qualified 1st-3rd grade teachers/fund transition and building grants to public schools

No2) Do you support amending the U.S. Constitution to guarantee the right to religious expression and voluntary prayer in public places, including schools?
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding America's environment and natural resources.
a) Require the state to fully compensate citizens when environmental regulations limit uses on privately owned land.
Xb) Strengthen the Clean Water Act.
c) Change the Endangered Species Act of 1973 to limit the number of habitats eligible to be designated as endangered.
d) Increase fees charged to ranchers who graze cattle on federal lands.
Xe) Revise the 1872 mining law to increase the fees charged to mining companies using federal lands.
Xf) Encourage development of alternative fuels to reduce pollution.
g) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline or diesel powered engines, including cars and trucks.
h) Increase federal taxes on gasoline and diesel fuels to promote conservation and alternative fuel development.
Xi) Promote the selling of pollution credits between nations to encourage industries to decrease pollution levels.
j) Impose stricter national air quality standards.
k) Adhere to the United Nations treaty regarding global climate change.
Xl) Strengthen the restrictions on clear-cutting on federal lands.
Xm) Other

Protect additional areas with wilderness designation

Indicate which level of government that should have primary responsibility for the following services. Select one level only.
Federala) Border security
Federalb) Civil rights enforcement
Localc) Education
Federald) Environmental cleanup
Statee) Job training
Localf) Law enforcement
Federalg) Low-income housing
Stateh) Medicaid
Federali) Medicare
Statej) Transportation infrastructure (highways, roads, bridges)
Statek) Welfare
l) Other

Research - Federal

1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Bosnia/former Yugoslavia.
a) The U.S. should lift the arms embargo against Bosnia-Herzegovina.
b) The U.S. should maintain a military presence in Bosnia-Herzegovina with a certain deadline for withdrawal.
c) The U.S. should maintain a military presence in Bosnia-Herzegovina without a certain deadline for withdrawal.
d) Other
2) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the Middle East.
a) The U.S. should resolve future disputes with Iraq through diplomatic means.
b) The U.S. should take unilateral military action if Iraq does not comply with all accepted UN resolutions.
Xc) The U.S. should take military action against Iraq only as part of an international effort.
d) The U.S. should not continue to play a prominent leadership role in the peace process between Israel and Palestine.
e) Other
3) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the United States-United Nations relationship.
a) The U.S. should contribute more funding and troops to United Nations peacekeeping missions.
b) The U.S. should contribute less funding and troops to United Nations peacekeeping missions.
c) The U.S. should participate in UN peacekeeping missions only when vital U.S. interests are involved.
d) The U.S. should not commit military troops to UN peacekeeping missions.
e) The U.S. should withdraw from the UN completely.
Xf) The U.S. should pay its debt to the United Nations.
g) Other
4) Should the U.S. have diplomatic and trade relations with Cuba?
5) Should the U.S. recognize and extend full diplomatic relations to Taiwan?
Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning gun issues.
a) Ban the sale or transfer of all forms of semi-automatic weapons.
b) Increase federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms.
Xc) Maintain federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms.
d) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms.
e) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms by law-abiding citizens.
f) Favor allowing citizens to carry concealed firearms.
Xg) Require manufacturers to provide child-safety locks with firearms.
Xh) Other

restrict access to large capacity magazines (useful only for automatic weapons illegally converted from semi-automatic)

1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health issues in America.
a) The federal government has no responsibility in providing health care.
Xb) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income.
c) Implement a government-financed, single-payer national health care system similar to that of Canada.
Xd) Support health care strategies focused on prevention, including health education and natural medicines and remedies.
Xe) Support legislation to define and enforce the rights of insured patients, including greater access to specialists and emergency rooms, wider choice of health care providers, and appeal mechanisms when claims are denied.
Xf) Allow small business owners, the self-employed and workers whose employers do not provide health insurance to have the same deductibility for health costs as corporations and large employers.
g) Expand eligibility for tax-free medical savings accounts, which would be taxed if used for any purpose other than medical costs.
h) Establish limits on the amount of damages awarded in medical malpractice lawsuits.
i) Allow states and local communities to use federal funds for needle-exchange programs to combat the spread of HIV.
Xj) Classify nicotine as a drug and cigarettes as drug delivery devices, which should be regulated by the Federal Food and Drug Administration.
k) Provide citizens age 55-65 the option of purchasing Medicare health coverage.
Other
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding immigration.
a) Decrease the number of immigrants allowed into the country.
b) Increase the eligibility of legal immigrants for certain social programs (i.e. HUD housing, food stamps).
c) Require the Immigration and Naturalization Service to reduce to six months the time between applying for citizenship and taking the oath of allegiance.
d) Provide extra federal aid to states with higher numbers of immigrants for necessary medical and social services.
e) Prohibit states from passing laws that deny human services (medical care, education) to illegal immigrants or their children.
f) Children of illegal immigrants, born in the United States, should not automatically receive U.S. citizenship.
Xg) Increase the immigration quota for computer scientists and other information technology workers.
h) Establish English as the official and recognized language of the United States government.
i) Other
The American people have consistently mentioned the decline of morals and ethics in America as a major problem facing the country. On an attached page, in fifty words or less, explain what you will do as a member of Congress to address this concern.

Throughout our campaign I have taken every opportunity to emphasize an important message to children. It is a message I have learned from my life. America is a land of great opportunity, a land where success is in reach, if you are willing to work hard and persevere through adversity.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Social Security.
a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage.
b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which are managed by the government.
c) Invest Social Security's assets collectively in stocks and bonds instead of U.S. Treasury securities.
d) Increase the payroll tax to finance the program in its current form.
Xe) Invest a portion of the budget surplus into the Social Security trust fund.
f) Increase the minimum age that determines when retirees are able to receive full Social Security benefits.
g) Lower Social Security's annual cost-of-living increases.
h) Limit Social Security benefits based on recipients' other income and assets.
i) Require individuals to pay the Social Security tax on income above $68,400, which is currently exempt.
j) Other
1) Indicate the levels you support concerning taxes in the following categories. Select one number (level) only.
Income Taxes:
a) Retiree income over $40,000
b) Family income less than $25,000
c) Family income $25-75,000
d) Family income $75-150,000
e) Family income over $150,000
Other Tax Issues:
f) Alcohol taxes
g) Capital gains taxes
h) Charitable deductions
i) Child tax credit
j) Cigarette taxes
k) Corporate income taxes
l) Earned Income Tax Credit
m) Estate taxes
n) Medical expense deductions
o) Mortgage deductions
p) Other
q) Other
No2) Do you support replacing the U.S. income tax structure with a flat income tax?
No3) Do you support eliminating the Internal Revenue Service?
No4) Do you support instituting a national sales tax?
5) Should a married couple filing jointly pay the same taxes as if they were an unmarried couple filing separately?
No6) Do you support requiring a super-majority vote in both houses of Congress to raise taxes?
7) Other
No1) Do you support amending the Constitution to limit the number of terms which members of Congress can serve?
If you support term limits, how many terms should each serve?
Senator (# of 6 yr. terms)
Representatives (# of 2 yr. terms)
1) Do you support the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)?
2) Do you support broadening NAFTA to include other countries in the western hemisphere?
Yes3) Do you support the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)?
Yes4) Do you support the World Trade Organization (WTO)?
Yes5) Do you support imposing tariffs on products imported from nations that maintain restrictive trade barriers on American products?
Yes6) Should a nation's human rights record affect its "most favored nation" trading status with the United States?
7) Do you support granting the President "fast-track" authority?
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding poverty and the welfare system.
Xa) Provide tax incentives for companies to hire and train homeless people who want to work.
Xb) Increase funding of homeless shelters and low income housing projects.
Xc) Increase funds for housing assistance for welfare recipients who need housing to get or keep a job.
Xd) Provide homeless families with apartment vouchers they can use to supplement the cost of an apartment.
Xe) Continue to give states and local governments responsibility for welfare programs through block grants.
f) Eliminate federal funds for welfare programs at the federal, state or local levels.
g) Maintain current welfare-to-work requirements in order for states to qualify for block grants.
h) Convert government-funded low-income housing projects into private housing, managed and owned by the residents.
i) Require that unwed teenage mothers live with a parent or guardian (if possible) and attend school to receive benefits.
Xj) Other

Provide training, daycare and transportation assistance

Please explain what your two main legislative priorities will be if elected. Please explain how you would obtain any additional government funding needed to implement these priorities.

Education is the first priority of our campaign. We intend to:
*Fight for full funding of Head Start programs for preschoolers
*Create smaller classes by adding 100,00 qualified teachers in the classroom
*Prepare our children for the 21st century by providing adequate technology in the classroom
*Improve financial aid for college students
*Support scientific research which creates new knowledge, new technologies, and new businesses
*Create incentives for businesses that provide education and training for employees

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