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Ken Ashby's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)

On The Ballot: Running, Libertarian for U.S. House - District 5
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Issue Positions

In response to the increasing unwillingness of candidates to answer issue questions, Project Vote Smart has researched Presidential and Congressional candidates' public records to determine candidates' likely responses on certain key issues. These issue positions, from the year 2014, are provided below as a courtesy to voters.

Pro-choice Candidate Answer Abortion: Do you generally support pro-choice or pro-life legislation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "Congress should eliminate federal funding for clinics and medical facilities that provide abortion services."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Medicare, Medicaid, and federal subsidies should be prohibited from being used on abortion procedures." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding abortion. Other or expanded principles: "I generally support Roe v. Wade, which protects the right to choose in the first trimester, and the right to life thereafter."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "e) Should federal subsidies be prohibited from being used for abortion procedures?" Abortion Issues Other or expanded principles: "The federal government should neither prohibit nor encourage abortion."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Abortions should always be legally available." Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning abortion. Other or expanded principles: "ABORTION IS A PRIVATE MATTER, WHICH GOVERNMENT SHOULD NEITHER PROHIBIT NOR PROMOTE."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Abortions should always be legal." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding abortion. Other or expanded principles: "Abortion is a private matter, which government should neither prohibit nor promote."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Abortions should always be legal."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Prohibit public funding of abortions and of organizations that advocate or perform abortions." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding abortion. Other or expanded principles: "Abortion is a private matter, which government should neither prohibit, nor promote."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Pro-choice" for: "a) Do you consider yourself pro-choice or pro-life?" Abortion Issues Other or expanded principles: "The federal government should neither prohibit nor encourage abortion."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Abortions should always be legal." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding abortion. Other or expanded principles: "Abortion is a private matter, which government should neither prohibit, nor promote."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "f) Prohibit public funding of abortions and to organizations that advocate or perform abortions." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding abortion. Other or expanded principles: "Abortion is a private matter, which government should neither prohibit nor promote."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "f) Eliminate public funding for abortions and public funding of organizations that advocate or perform abortions." Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning abortion. Other or expanded principles: "ABORTION IS A PRIVATE MATTER, WHICH GOVERNMENT SHOULD NEITHER PROHIBIT NOR PROMOTE."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "Congress should eliminate abortion services from any federally funded health care plan."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be illegal."
No Candidate Answer Afghanistan: Do you support United States' combat operations in Afghanistan? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "a) Do you support United States military action in Afghanistan?" International Policy Issues Other or expanded principles: "The U.S. should pursue an international policy of free trade and peaceful non-interference. Exceptions should be made only for imminent threats to our own national security. That does not include nation building and regime changes on the other side of the globe."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "e) Should the United States increase military support to Afghanistan?" 2) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Central and East Asia. Other or expanded principles: "The use of military force is appropriate only in case of real and imminent threat."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "j) Should the United States increase military support for Afghanistan?" Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding international policy. Other or expanded principles: "I generally oppose military intervention around the world, except in extreme cases involving our own national security and/or human life."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "j) Should the United States increase military support for Afghanistan?" Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding international policy. Other or expanded principles: "We accomplished our mission by removing the aggressive dictator Saddam Hussein from power, and insuring no WMD's remained. It is not our job to police their streets forever. It is time to begin an orderly withdrawal and redeployment of American troops."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "b) Do you support increasing military assistance for Afghanistan?" International Policy Issues Other or expanded principles: "The U.S. should pursue an international policy of free trade and peaceful non-interference. Exceptions should be made only for imminent threats to our own national security. That does not include nation building and regime changes on the other side of the globe."
Yes Candidate Answer Budget: In order to balance the budget, do you support reducing defense spending? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Maintain Status" for: "Indicate what federal funding levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category- you can use a number more than once. c) Defense"
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Decrease" for: "1. Please indicate the changes you will support (if any) concerning the level of funding for each of the listed issue areas. National Defense" 1. Please indicate the changes you will support (if any) concerning the level of funding for each of the listed issue areas. Other or expanded principles: "Farm and Business Subsidies"
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Maintain Status" for: "Using the key, indicate what federal funding levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category. c) Defense" Budget Priorities Other or expanded principles: "all non-defense categories"
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Maintain Status" for: "c) Defense"
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Decrease" for: "1. Please indicate the changes you will support (if any) concerning the level of funding for each of the listed issue areas. National Defense" 1. Please indicate the changes you will support (if any) concerning the level of funding for each of the listed issue areas. Other or expanded principles: "Savings and Loan Bailout"
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Maintain Status" for: "Indicate what federal funding levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once. c) Defense" 1) Budget Priorities Other or expanded principles: "The Constitution provides for national defense, and reserves most other categories to the states or to the people. Unconstitutional federal spending should be eliminated. Transportation and parks should be funded by those who use them, not by general taxes. The costs of law enforcement should be paid by those convicted of breaking the laws."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Maintain Status" for: "Using the key, indicate what federal funding levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once. [?] c) Defense" Budget Priorities Other or expanded principles: "Greatly Decrease All non-defense categories."
No Candidate Answer Budget: In order to balance the budget, do you support an income tax increase on any tax bracket? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "5) Do you support making President Bush's tax cuts permanent?" Budgetary, Spending, and Taxes, Part 3: Taxes (B) Other or expanded principles: "I support a constitutional amendment requiring Congress to balance the budget without raising taxes. This could be easily achieved by eliminating government waste across the board. "
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "5) Do you support making President Bush's tax cuts permanent?" Budgetary, Spending, and Taxes, Part 3: Taxes (B) Other or expanded principles: "Whenever possible, programs should be funded by those who choose to use them, and not by taxing those who don't."
No Candidate Answer Economy: Do you support federal spending as a means of promoting economic growth? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "5) Do you support using government funds in an effort to stimulate and improve the economy?" Budget, Spending, and Tax Issues Other or expanded principles: "Greatly decrease and ultimately eliminate federal spending on all programs not authorized by the U.S. Constitution. Cut taxes across the board to the amount required to balance the budget at a much lower level of total spending."
Yes Candidate Answer Economy: Do you support providing tax incentives to businesses for the purpose of job creation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "Create "empowerment zones" in urban areas with high unemployment by providing government grants and federal assistance, in addition to tax credits, to new and expanding businesses."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "Create "enterprise zones" in urban areas with high unemployment by providing tax credits for new and expanding businesses."
No Candidate Answer Education: Do you support requiring states to implement education reforms in order to be eligible for competitive federal grants? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "a) Do you support federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students?" Education Issues Other or expanded principles: "Education is not a constitutional responsibility of the federal government. I support the voucher approach at state and local levels."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "Establish a nationwide competency test for teachers and encourage states to adopt it."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Decrease" for: "d) Education"
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "Eliminate the U.S. Department of Education." 8. If elected to Congress, which of the following general principles or specific proposals will you support to change America's public education system? Other or expanded principles: "Eliminate regulation of private, parochial and home schools. Provide tuition tax credits to those outperforming public schools at less cost."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "k) Eliminate all federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students (No Child Left Behind)." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding education. Other or expanded principles: "Education is not a federal power under the Constitution. Abolish the U.S. Department of Education."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "d) Do you support federal funding for K-12 school vouchers?" Education Issues Other or expanded principles: "Education is not a constitutional responsibility of the federal government. I support the voucher approach at state and local levels."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "Establish "National Standards" for K-12 schools and encourage states to adopt them."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Eliminate" for: "Indicate what federal funding levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once. d) Education" 1) Budget Priorities Other or expanded principles: "The Constitution provides for national defense, and reserves most other categories to the states or to the people. Unconstitutional federal spending should be eliminated. Transportation and parks should be funded by those who use them, not by general taxes. The costs of law enforcement should be paid by those convicted of breaking the laws."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "j) Providing education is not a responsibility of the federal government." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding education. Other or expanded principles: "Get the federal government out of local schools; expand competition and choice, instead."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Support national standards for and testing of public school students."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Support national standards and testing of public school students."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Support the federal government funding universal pre-K programs."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "j) Support federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students (No Child Left Behind)."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Support national standards for and testing of public school students."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "c) Do you support federal funding for charter schools?" Education Issues Other or expanded principles: "Education is not a constitutional responsibility of the federal government. I support the voucher approach at state and local levels."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "i) Eliminate restrictions on federal education funding, giving educators or local school districts more flexibility to design and implement their programs."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "b) Do you support federal funding for universal pre-K programs?" Education Issues Other or expanded principles: "Education is not a constitutional responsibility of the federal government. I support the voucher approach at state and local levels."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Decrease" for: "Indicate what federal funding levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category- you can use a number more than once. d) Education"
Yes Candidate Answer Energy: Do you support reducing restrictions on offshore energy production? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Support increased development of traditional energy resources (e.g. coal, natural gas, oil)."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "i) Support opening a portion of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge for oil exploration."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Support domestic oil exploration in areas that are currently restricted."
  • Ken Ashby. League Of Women Voter's Survey: 2008 Election Survey. Responded "Experts agree that all sources must be tapped to meet America's energy demands. It is as big a mistake to eliminate fossil fuels as to rely upon them exclusively. The federal government is already nine trillion dollars in debt. If it borrows trillions more from foreigners to subsidize alternative fuels, then we have only traded oil dependence for financial dependence. Instead, Congress must repeal restrictions on commercial domestic energy production, and let markets work." to the question: "What source do you think represents the greatest opportunity to achieve energy independence? How can the federal government best advance its development?" (www.pegasusnews.com)
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Support opening a select portion of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge for oil exploration."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Support increased development of traditional energy resources (e.g. coal, natural gas, oil)."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "e) Do you support domestic oil exploration in federally-protected areas?" Environment and Energy Issues Other or expanded principles: "Get government out of the energy business. Its interference distorts the market and drives up costs to consumers. No subsidies that favor one industry over another. Restrictions should target real pollutants, not CO2 and hypothetical climate change. Polluters, not taxpayers, must pay for environmental clean-ups."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "h) Support opening a select portion of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge for oil exploration."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Support increased development of traditional energy resources (e.g. coal, natural gas, oil)."
No Candidate Answer Environment: Do you support the federal regulation of greenhouse gas emissions? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "Tax high-level energy users (businesses and individuals) to discourage excessive energy use and pay for environmental cleanup."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "l) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "k) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "m) Support the Kyoto Protocol to limit global warming."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "l) Support the U.S. re-entering the Kyoto treaty process to limit global warming."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Support the U.S. re-entering the current Kyoto treaty process to limit global warming."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "h) Strengthen emission controls and fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline or diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Strengthen emission controls and fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "Consider further increasing federal taxes on gasoline and diesel fuels."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Support Clear Skies Act to reduce power plant emissions by setting a national cap on pollutants."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "a) Do you support enacting environmental regulations aimed at reducing the effects of climate change?" Environment and Energy Issues Other or expanded principles: "Get government out of the energy business. Its interference distorts the market and drives up costs to consumers. No subsidies that favor one industry over another. Restrictions should target real pollutants, not CO2 and hypothetical climate change. Polluters, not taxpayers, must pay for environmental clean-ups."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "j) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits under "cap and trade" laws."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "Encourage further market based strategies to clean up the environment such as pollution credits." 7. If elected to Congress, which of the following general principles or specific proposals will you support concerning the environment? Other or expanded principles: "Require polluters, not taxpayers and non-polluting businesses, to pay the costs of cleanup and enforcement."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "b) Do you support international emissions targets aimed at reducing the effects of climate change?" Environment and Energy Issues Other or expanded principles: "Get government out of the energy business. Its interference distorts the market and drives up costs to consumers. No subsidies that favor one industry over another. Restrictions should target real pollutants, not CO2 and hypothetical climate change. Polluters, not taxpayers, must pay for environmental clean-ups."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "Eliminate government regulations to encourage investment and economic expansion of the private sector." 5. If elected to Congress, which of the following general principles or specific proposals will you support to address the problem of unemployment? Other or expanded principles: "Make all America an 'Enterprise Zone' by abolishing payroll taxes, revoking employer mandates,repealing wage mins.,& eliminating occupational licensure"
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "Phase in a prohibition of pollution causing products such as gas powered autos and lawn mowers."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "Pass stronger clean water and clean air legislation."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "d) Do you support strengthening fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles?" Environment and Energy Issues Other or expanded principles: "Get government out of the energy business. Its interference distorts the market and drives up costs to consumers. No subsidies that favor one industry over another. Restrictions should target real pollutants, not CO2 and hypothetical climate change. Polluters, not taxpayers, must pay for environmental clean-ups."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "c) Do you support allowing energy producers to trade carbon credits under a "cap and trade" system?" Environment and Energy Issues Other or expanded principles: "Get government out of the energy business. Its interference distorts the market and drives up costs to consumers. No subsidies that favor one industry over another. Restrictions should target real pollutants, not CO2 and hypothetical climate change. Polluters, not taxpayers, must pay for environmental clean-ups."
No Candidate Answer Guns: Do you support restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Require a license for gun possession."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "b) Do you believe that the Second Amendment guarantees the right of individual citizens to own guns?" Gun Issues Other or expanded principles: "I fully support the individual's right to self-defense. Any restrictions should be on violent criminals, not on law-abiding gun owners."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Maintain and strengthen the current level of enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding guns. Other or expanded principles: "Increase punishment for those who use guns to commit violent crimes. Respect the U.S. Constitution's second ammendment, "the right of the people to keep and bear arms.""
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding guns. Other or expanded principles: "Increase punishment for those who use guns to commit violent crimes. Respect the Constitution's Second Amendment, "The Right of the People to Keep and Bear Arms.""
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Decrease" for: "On (c) and (d), indicate what levels (#1-6) you support for the following categories. d) Restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns." On (c) and (d), indicate what levels (#1-6) you support for the following categories. Other or expanded principles: "I support stricter enforcement against the criminal misuse of firearms, and not against the constitutional right of law-abiding citizens to obtain and possess them. I favor instant background checks on purchasers, instead of waiting periods."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "h) Require a license for gun possession."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "a) Do you support restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns?" Gun Issues Other or expanded principles: "I fully support the individual's right to self-defense. Any restrictions should be on violent criminals, not on law-abiding gun owners."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Ban the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns." Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning gun issues. Other or expanded principles: "RESPECT THE U.S. CONSTITUTION'S SECOND AMENDMENT, "THE RIGHT OF THE PEOPLE TO KEEP AND BEAR ARMS." INCREASE THE PUNISHMENT FOR THOSE WHO USE GUNS TO COMMIT VIOLENT CRIMES. "
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Maintain and strengthen the current level of enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "d) Do you support a ban on assault rifles?" Gun Issues Other or expanded principles: "I fully support the individual's right to self-defense. Any restrictions should be on violent criminals, not on law-abiding gun owners."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Allow individuals to carry concealed guns."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "h) Require a license for gun possession."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding guns. Other or expanded principles: "Increase punishment for those who use guns to commit violent crimes. Respect the Constitution's Second Amendment, "The Right of the People to Keep and Bear Arms.""
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "Impose a national ban on the public sale of assault weapons."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Renew the ban on the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Ban the sale, ownership or possession of handguns except by law enforcement and other government officials."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Maintain and strengthen the enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "i) Raise the minimum age for ownership of handguns from 18 to 21."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Maintain Status" for: "On (c) and (d), indicate what levels (#1-6) you support for the following categories. c) Enforcement of existing restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns." On (c) and (d), indicate what levels (#1-6) you support for the following categories. Other or expanded principles: "I support stricter enforcement against the criminal misuse of firearms, and not against the constitutional right of law-abiding citizens to obtain and possess them. I favor instant background checks on purchasers, instead of waiting periods."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding guns. Other or expanded principles: "Increase punishment for those who use guns to commit violent crimes. Respect the U.S. Constitution's second ammendment, "the right of the people to keep and bear arms.""
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns." Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning gun issues. Other or expanded principles: "RESPECT THE U.S. CONSTITUTION'S SECOND AMENDMENT, "THE RIGHT OF THE PEOPLE TO KEEP AND BEAR ARMS." INCREASE THE PUNISHMENT FOR THOSE WHO USE GUNS TO COMMIT VIOLENT CRIMES. "
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "Impose a national ban on the sale of handguns to minors."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Reauthorize the ban on the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "c) Do you support allowing individuals to carry concealed guns?" Gun Issues Other or expanded principles: "I fully support the individual's right to self-defense. Any restrictions should be on violent criminals, not on law-abiding gun owners."
Yes Candidate Answer Health Care: Do you support repealing the 2010 Affordable Care Act? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Providing healthcare is not a responsibility of the federal government." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health. Other or expanded principles: "Private insurance is available everywhere. Don't expect taxpayers to provide what you are unwilling to pay for yourself."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "Support President Clinton's position for a "comprehensive health care plan for all Americans.""
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "b) Do you support expanding access to health care through commercial health insurance reform?" Health Issues Other or expanded principles: "Individual health care is not the responsibility of the federal government. Deregulation is needed to make medicine more affordable by increasing available choices. For starters, allow free competition by all insurance companies across state lines."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health issues. Other or expanded principles: "SUPPORT UNIVERSAL MEDICAL SAVINGS ACCOUNTS (MSA's)."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Implement a universal healthcare program to guarantee coverage to all Americans, regardless of income."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health care. Other or expanded principles: "I favor aproaches, such as MSA's, which empower people to take responsibility for their own health. I oppose aproaches which put that power in the hands of government bureaucrats, employers, and insurance companies."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "a) Do you support a publicly-administered health insurance option?" Health Issues Other or expanded principles: "Individual health care is not the responsibility of the federal government. Deregulation is needed to make medicine more affordable by increasing available choices. For starters, allow free competition by all insurance companies across state lines."
  • Ken Ashby. League Of Women Voter's Survey: 2008 Election Survey. Responded "I absolutely oppose a "single-payer" system. Under such socialist schemes, it is illegal to obtain health care except what the government monopoly rations out. Instead, we need to get government out of health care, since bureaucratic controls are what drive up costs faster than unregulated private-sector goods and services. Tax-free Medical Savings Accounts are an excellent way to expand choices, promote competition and make health care affordable for all Americans." to the question: "What reforms would you propose to the U.S. healthcare system to control costs, improve the quality of care and expand access to healthcare to uninsured Americans?" (www.pegasusnews.com)
No Candidate Answer Immigration: Do you support requiring illegal immigrants to return to their country of origin before they are eligible for citizenship? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Illegal immigrants should be given a pathway to citizenship."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "d) Do you support the enforcement of federal immigration laws by state and local police?" Immigration Issues Other or expanded principles: "Secure the border. Legalize immigration for guest workers. Require them or their employers to pay all costs of any public benefits they and their families receive. Assess fines for previous illegality. Earn citizenship by 14 years of productive employment, legal status with no criminal convictions, and passing an English-language civics exam."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Illegal immigrants should have to return to their countries of origin before being considered for citizenship."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Support amnesty for certain illegal immigrants who already reside in the United States."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Support amnesty for illegal immigrants already working in the United States."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "a) Do you support a pathway to citizenship for illegal immigrants?" Immigration Issues Other or expanded principles: "Secure the border. Legalize immigration for guest workers. Require them or their employers to pay all costs of any public benefits they and their families receive. Assess fines for previous illegality. Earn citizenship by 14 years of productive employment, legal status with no criminal convictions, and passing an English-language civics exam."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Support amnesty for illegal immigrants already working in the United States."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Allow legalization for certain illegal immigrants working in the U.S."
  • Ken Ashby. League Of Women Voter's Survey: 2008 Election Survey. Responded "No one believes it is practical to identify, arrest, convict, deport and permanently keep out over 12 million people. But it is certainly possible to incarcerate the criminal felons, gangsters and terrorists. Equally important is to cut off welfare benefits, like free schooling and hospital care, which attract freeloaders. Most Americans have no objection to immigrants who work productively, abide by our laws, learn English, pay taxes, and support themselves and their families." to the question: "How do you propose to reduce the number of undocumented immigrants currently living in the U.S., while also meeting the increased need of American agriculture and small business for workers?" (www.pegasusnews.com)
Yes Candidate Answer Marriage: Do you support same-sex marriage? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "b) Do you support a federal constitutional amendment defining marriage as between a man and a woman?" Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding social issues. Other or expanded principles: "It should be none of government's business to prohibit, or to promote, what are essentially private matters, under the guise of morality."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "a) Should marriage only be between one man and one woman?" Social Issues Other or expanded principles: "The government must guarantee the equal rights of all its citizens under the law, and should never treat groups differently to promote social goals, be they conservative or progressive."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "j) Should same-sex couples be allowed to form civil unions?" Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance and government reform. Other or expanded principles: "Remove all contribution limits to candidates, parties, and advocacy groups. Outlaw conflicts of interest (no contributions from anyone who receives a government benefit)."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "k) Should marriage be restricted to a union only between a man and a woman?" Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance and government reform. Other or expanded principles: "Remove all contribution limits to candidates, parties, and advocacy groups. Outlaw conflicts of interest (no contributions from anyone who receives a government benefit)."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "i) Do you support a constitutional amendment that would define marriage as a union between a man and woman?" Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance and government reform. Other or expanded principles: "Remove contribution limits to candidates, parties, and advocacy groups; instead outlaw conflicts of interest (e.g. no contributions from anyone who receives a government benefit.)"
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "a) Should same-sex couples be allowed to marry?" Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding social issues. Other or expanded principles: "It should be none of government's business to prohibit, or to promote, what are essentially private matters, under the guise of morality."
No Candidate Answer National Security: Do you support targeting suspected terrorists outside of official theaters of conflict? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "d) Should the United States continue to strike suspected terrorist targets in Pakistan?" International Policy Issues Other or expanded principles: "The U.S. should pursue an international policy of free trade and peaceful non-interference. Exceptions should be made only for imminent threats to our own national security. That does not include nation building and regime changes on the other side of the globe."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "f) Do you support a policy of pre-emptive strikes against countries deemed to be a threat to national security?" Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding national security. Other or expanded principles: "National security is not an excuse for ignoring the U.S. Constitution's Bill of Rights."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "e) Do you support pre-emptive military strikes against countries deemed to be a threat to United States national security?" Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding national security. Other or expanded principles: "The failure of government to head warnings and prevent 9/11 is no reason to surrender our privacy and constitutional rights. If we do, then the terrorists have won."
Yes Candidate Answer Social Security: Do you support allowing individuals to divert a portion of their Social Security taxes into personal retirement accounts? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2010 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "a) Do you support privatizing elements of Social Security?" Business and Employment Issues Other or expanded principles: "The federal government has no business interfering in the voluntary relationship between a worker and his/her employer."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Social Security. Other or expanded principles: "Allow workers to opt out of Social Security, completely."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Social Security. Other or expanded principles: "ALLOW WORKERS TO OPT OUT OF SOCIAL SECURITY, COMPLETELY."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Social Security. Other or expanded principles: "also, allow workers to opt out of social security, completely."
  • Ken Ashby. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "X" for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts that they manage themselves." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Social Security. Other or expanded principles: "Social Security is an unsound pyramid scheme. Private funds provide much better returns. Workers should be free to choose the best plan for themselves."

Key

Candidate Answer

Official Position: Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.

Inferred Answer

Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Project Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.

Unknown Answer

Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue.

Project Vote Smart's Research: Click on this icon to reveal more information about this candidate's position.

Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as the candidate has submitted it. Project Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

Texas Congressional Election 2012 Political Courage Test

This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.

Pro-choiceCandidate AnswerDo you generally support pro-choice or pro-life legislation?
Other or expanded principles

I support the Roe v. Wade decision respecting first-trimester choice, but allowing states to restrict late-term abortion except to save a mother's life.

NoCandidate AnswerDo you support United States' combat operations in Afghanistan?
YesDo you support a timetable for withdrawal from Afghanistan?
Other or expanded principles

I support a rapid but orderly withdrawal of combat troops.

Indicate which proposals you support (if any) for balancing the federal budget.
In order to balance the budget,
YesCandidate Answerdo you support reducing defense spending?
NoCandidate Answerdo you support an income tax increase on any tax bracket?
Yesdo you support reducing Medicaid spending?
Yesdo you support reducing Medicare spending?
YesIs balancing the budget a legislative priority?
Other or expanded principles

I support balancing the budget by reducing spending, not by increasing taxes.

NoDo you support the regulation of indirect campaign contributions from corporations and unions?
Other or expanded principles

I support free, unregulated political speech as guaranteed in the First Amendment.

YesDo you support capital punishment for certain crimes?
Other or expanded principles

I support capital punishment only for the crimes of murder and treason, and only through constitutional due process.

NoCandidate AnswerDo you support federal spending as a means of promoting economic growth?
YesCandidate AnswerDo you support providing tax incentives to businesses for the purpose of job creation?
NoDo you support spending on infrastructure projects for the purpose of job creation?
NoDo you support the temporary extension of unemployment benefits?
YesDo you support the 2010 temporary extension of tax relief?
Other or expanded principles

I believe that the economy is improved through lower taxes, and is harmed by excessive government spending.

NoCandidate AnswerDo you support requiring states to implement education reforms in order to be eligible for competitive federal grants?
Other or expanded principles

I believe the federal government has no business telling states how to run their schools.

YesCandidate AnswerDo you support reducing restrictions on offshore energy production?
Other or expanded principles

I believe restrictions should target only those who cause actual harm, and not the whole of industry.

NoDo you believe that human activity is contributing to climate change?
NoCandidate AnswerDo you support the federal regulation of greenhouse gas emissions?
Other or expanded principles

Science is unsettled on the alleged greenhouse effect, and only time will tell. I support continued study. But it is clear that "green" regulation is harmful to the economy.

NoCandidate AnswerDo you support restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns?
Other or expanded principles

I support law enforcement against those who commit violent crimes, not against those who keep or carry firearms for defense.

YesCandidate AnswerDo you support repealing the 2010 Affordable Care Act?
NoShould individuals be required to purchase health insurance, as mandated in the 2010 Affordable Care Act?
Other or expanded principles

Health care is an individual's responsibility, and not the government's. Congress can make it more available, affordable and portable by legislating: (1) tax-free medical savings accounts, (2) insurance deductibility for everyone and not just employers, and (3) policies to compete freely across state lines.

NoCandidate AnswerDo you support requiring illegal immigrants to return to their country of origin before they are eligible for citizenship?
YesDo you support allowing illegal immigrants, who were brought to the United States as minors, to pursue citizenship without returning to their country of origin?
YesDo you support the enforcement of federal immigration law by state and local police?
Other or expanded principles

Only the criminals and freeloaders should be deported. Those who work productively and abide the laws should have legal status and a path to earned (not automatic) citizenship.

YesCandidate AnswerDo you support same-sex marriage?
Other or expanded principles

I support the legal recognition of same-sex marriage. It is not the government's business to tell adults whom they may or may not marry.

NoCandidate AnswerDo you support targeting suspected terrorists outside of official theaters of conflict?
NoShould the U.S use military force in order to prevent Iran from possessing a nuclear weapon?
Other or expanded principles

These are general principles and, of course, there may be exception in case of a real and immediate threat to Americans.

YesCandidate AnswerDo you support allowing individuals to divert a portion of their Social Security taxes into personal retirement accounts?
Other or expanded principles

You should be free to invest the money you earned for your own retirement.

Spending
Indicate what federal spending levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category; you can use a number more than once.
Greatly Decreasea) Agriculture
Greatly Decreaseb) Arts
Greatly Decreasec) Defense
Greatly Decreased) Education
Greatly Decreasee) Environment
Greatly Decreasef) Homeland Security
Greatly Decreaseg) International aid
Greatly Decreaseh) Medical Research
Greatly Decreasei) Scientific Research
Greatly Decreasej) Space exploration
Greatly Decreasek) United Nations
Greatly Decreasel) Welfare
m) Other or expanded categories
Taxes
Indicate what federal tax levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category; you can use a number more than once.
Greatly Decreasea) Capital gains taxes
Greatly Decreaseb) Corporate taxes
Greatly Decreasec) Excise taxes (alcohol)
Greatly Decreased) Excise taxes (cigarettes)
Greatly Decreasee) Excise taxes (transportation fuel)
Greatly Decreasef) Income taxes (low-income families)
Greatly Decreaseg) Income taxes (middle-income families)
Greatly Decreaseh) Income taxes (high-income families)
Greatly Decreasei) Inheritance taxes
Greatly Decreasej) Payroll taxes
k) Other or expanded categories
Please explain in a total of 100 words or less, your top two or three priorities if elected. If they require additional funding for implementation, please explain how you would obtain this funding.

1. Balance the budget and pay down the debt by greatly decreasing spending.
2. Repeal the burdensome federal regulations on both businesses and individuals.
3. Redirect military spending toward defending our nation and its borders, not policing the world.

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