Representative Sheila Jackson Lee's Political Positions

Biographical

Full Name: Sheila Jackson Lee
Current Office: U.S. House - District 18, Democratic
First Elected: 11/08/1994
Last Elected: 11/06/2012
Next Election: 2014
On The Ballot: Running, Democratic for U.S. House - District 18
Primary March 4, 2014
General Nov. 4, 2014
Gender: Female
Family: Husband: Elwyn; 2 Children: Erica, Jason
Birth Date: 01/12/1950
Birth Place: Jamaica, NY
Home City: Houston, TX
Religion: Seventh Day Adventist
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Sheila Jackson Lee's processing deadline has not passed. The result of Sheila Jackson Lee's Political Courage Test will be released in upcoming weeks.

What is the Political Courage Test?

Issue Positions

In response to the increasing unwillingness of candidates to answer issue questions, Project Vote Smart has researched Presidential and Congressional candidates' public records to determine candidates' likely responses on certain key issues. These are provided below as a courtesy to voters.

Vote Smart's Research

  • Sheila Jackson Lee. No Taxpayer Funding on Abortion Act. 4 May 2011. "The effect of H.R. 3 is, in fact, to so drastically limit access to abortions that they will essentially become unavailable, even when paid for with an individual's own funds. In its attempt to make abortions unavailable, H.R. 3 will have a detrimental impact on women's health, and moreover, attacks a woman's constitutionally protected right to choose." (votesmart.org)
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. H Amdt 1017. 106th Congress. Abortion Funding Amendment. Sheila Jackson Lee voted Yea on 07/20/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "i) Prohibit public funding of abortions and public funding of organizations that advocate or perform abortions."
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "Congress should eliminate abortion services from any federally funded health care plan."
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Abortions should always be legal."
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Abortions should be illegal when the fetus is viable, with or without life support."
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Prohibit public funding of abortions and of organizations that advocate or perform abortions."
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "c) Abortions should always be legally available."
  • National Women's Political Caucus. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. National Women's Political Caucus endorsed Sheila Jackson Lee in the 2010 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Planned Parenthood. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Planned Parenthood endorsed Sheila Jackson Lee in the 2010 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • National Women's Political Caucus. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. National Women's Political Caucus endorsed Sheila Jackson Lee in the 2002 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. H Amdt 436. 104th Congress. Overseas Military Abortion Amendment. Sheila Jackson Lee voted Yea on 06/15/1995. (votesmart.org)
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. H AMDT 209. 109th Congress. Overseas Military Facilities Abortion Amendment. Sheila Jackson Lee voted Yea on 05/25/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Providing for Consideration of H.R. 358, Protect Life Act. 13 October 2011. "It's unfortunate that we have to come to the floor of the House to discuss the personal decisions that a woman has to make. And I can assure you that the question of choice, the question of abortion, the question of what a woman does to her body is not one that a woman takes lightly. On many occasions, there is the necessity for a doctor and his female patient to make decisions to save the life or health of the mother. Just as the federal courts have ruled unconstitutional and rejected the Texas law that requires a doctor to talk first to a woman seeking an abortion and to allow or force them both to listen to sounds that might discourage this needed action, this is going to be held unconstitutional. This is not a law that can pass. You can not tell a woman her insurance company can not provide her all the benefits of that coverage. It goes way beyond the pale. I would ask my colleagues to vote against this rule and protect the right of a woman to choose and the dignity of all people in this Nation to make their own decisions over their lives, through consultation with her family, faith leader and doctor. I am saddened that we're here today discussing such an issue. Please vote no on this rule and for a woman's right to choose." (votesmart.org)
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Protect Life Act. 13 October 2011. "Madam Speaker, let me be very clear. The only 'no' that is being said is 'no' to the vulnerable women who are traveling in emergency ambulances to the hospital, desiring emergency treatment, dying, and not being able to be treated, needing to correct a problem that has, in fact, damaged their health and not being able to be treated. Not only is this bill unconstitutional, but the Affordable Care Act does not promote abortion. Frankly, Federal funds are not being utilized for abortion as it will complicate the insurance process for all women in America. All you can hear is the siren going around and around and around--that woman lying on a gurney--and that hospital being able to say 'no' and 'yes.' The only 'no' is that she will not live because this bill is passed. I ask my colleagues to vote against this bill. Vote for life. Vote against this bill." (votesmart.org)
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "Congress should eliminate federal funding for clinics and medical facilities that provide abortion services."
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Affordable Health Care For America Act. 7 November 2009. "As a woman of faith myself, the issue of abortion is very dear to me. I must begin by saying that I am not pro-abortion, I am pro-choice. The early termination of a fetus is a terribly sad and unfortunate event, and the decision to abort is a long and difficult one. Situations arise in which a woman is forced to make the very tough decision about something very private and personal. In situations like this I believe strongly in a woman's right to choose. It is her body and any law prohibiting woman from having total control over their bodies is in violation of our constitutional rights." (votesmart.org)
  • Family Research Council. 04/18/2012. "Sheila Jackson Lee supported the interests of the Family Research Council 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. HR 3660. 106th Congress. Ban on Partial-Birth/Late Term Abortion. Sheila Jackson Lee voted Nay on 04/05/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. H Amdt 722. 106th Congress. Oversea Military Abortions Amendment. Sheila Jackson Lee voted Yea on 05/18/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. H Amdt 187. 105th Congress. Overseas Military Facilities Abortion Amendment. Sheila Jackson Lee voted Yea on 06/19/1997. (votesmart.org)
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • NARAL Pro-Choice America. 04/18/2012. "Sheila Jackson Lee supported the interests of the NARAL Pro-Choice America 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Planned Parenthood. 04/18/2012. "Sheila Jackson Lee supported the interests of Planned Parenthood 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. H Amdt 509. 111th Congress. Prohibiting Federally Funded Abortion Services. Sheila Jackson Lee voted Nay on 11/07/2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. HR 3. 112th Congress. Prohibiting Taxpayer Funding of Abortion. Sheila Jackson Lee voted Nay on 05/04/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "h) Prohibit the dilation and extraction procedure, also known as "partial birth" abortion."
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. HR 6099. 110th Congress. Abortion Pain Bill. Sheila Jackson Lee voted Nay on 12/06/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. H Amdt 156. 106th Congress. Overseas Military Abortion Amendment. Sheila Jackson Lee voted Yea on 06/09/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. HR 748. 109th Congress. Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act. Sheila Jackson Lee voted Nay on 04/27/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. S 403. 110th Congress. Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act. Sheila Jackson Lee voted Nay on 09/26/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • National Right to Life Committee. 04/18/2012. "Sheila Jackson Lee supported the interests of the National Right to Life Committee 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. HR 3682. 106th Congress. Child Custody Protection Act. Sheila Jackson Lee voted Nay on 07/15/1998. (votesmart.org)
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. H Amdt 882. 106th Congress. Prison Abortion Funding Amendment. Sheila Jackson Lee voted Yea on 06/22/2000. (votesmart.org)
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. H Amdt 95. 112th Congress. Prohibiting Use of Federal Funds For Planned Parenthood. Sheila Jackson Lee voted Nay on 02/18/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Planned Parenthood. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Planned Parenthood endorsed Sheila Jackson Lee in the 2012 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • National Organization for Women. 04/18/2012. "On the votes used to calculate its ratings, the National Organization for Women attaches more value to those votes it considers more important. For 2008, the National Organization for Women gave Sheila Jackson Lee a rating of 100 percent." (votesmart.org)
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. H Amdt 643. 106th Congress. Abortion Private Funding Restoration Amendment. Sheila Jackson Lee voted Yea on 05/20/1998. (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Sheila Jackson Lee. H Con Res 28. 112th Congress. Removing Troops from Afghanistan. Sheila Jackson Lee voted Yea on 03/17/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "e) Should the United States increase military support to Afghanistan?"
  • Peace Action. 04/18/2012. "Sheila Jackson Lee supported the interests of the Peace Action 88 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Peace Action West. 04/18/2012. "Sheila Jackson Lee supported the interests of Peace Action West 88 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Maintain Status" for: "1. Please indicate the changes you will support (if any) concerning the level of funding for each of the listed issue areas. National Defense" 1. Please indicate the changes you will support (if any) concerning the level of funding for each of the listed issue areas. Other or expanded principles: "Housing."
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. HR 4986. 110th Congress. Defense Authorizations Bill. Sheila Jackson Lee voted Did Not Vote on 01/16/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Medium Priority" for: "Indicate your priorities for spending any anticipated federal budget surplus. a) Defense"
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Maintain Status" for: "1. Please indicate the changes you will support (if any) concerning the level of funding for each of the listed issue areas. National Defense" 1. Please indicate the changes you will support (if any) concerning the level of funding for each of the listed issue areas. Other or expanded principles: "Urban revitalization."
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Maintain Status" for: "Using the key, indicate what federal funding levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category. c) Defense"
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Concurrent Resolution On The Budget For Fiscal Year 2012. 15 April 2011. "We bring the troops back home. We ensure that our country's defense spending does not continue to contribute significantly to our current fiscal burden. It's time to stop bankrupting the country fighting unwinnable wars. We end these wars not simply to save massive amounts of money or because the majority of Americans favors it, but because these wars are making America less safe, reduce our standing in the world, and do nothing to reduce America's burgeoning energy security crisis." (votesmart.org)
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2006 “ 2. 8 June 2005. "The sad truth is that when compared to other nations around the world, you quickly realize that our military spending is not about defense needs as much as it is about overkill. The nearly $500 billion expected to be provided for defense this year-assuming another supplemental-is only slightly less than the $527 billion estimated by the Center for Arms Control and Nonproliferation as currently being spent by other nations combined, including China ($56 billion), France ($40 billion), Great Britain ($49 billion) and Japan ($45 billion). Furthermore, when comparing U.S. defense spending to those countries determined by the Defense Department as most likely to threaten the United States, the difference is even greater. Such rogue states, including Iran (which spent $3.5 billion), North Korea ($5.5 billion), Syria ($1.6 billion), Cuba ($1.2 billion) and Sudan ($500 million). Clearly, we are not only the world's leader in military spending, but now we are determined to lap the field many times over. It's just disgraceful that many so-called advocates of fiscal responsibility talk about discretionary spending for federal programs when they represent only a tiny sliver of spending compared to our military spending. While we continue to allocate funds for this costly war, our federal debt continues to soar and that debt continues to be owned by foreign nations. We are now borrowing $1 trillion every 20 months and the federal debt will soon exceed $8 trillion. The Japanese own more than $800 billion of that debt, the People's Republic of China more than $250 billion and all our foreign debt continues to explode." (votesmart.org)
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. HR 2642. 110th Congress. Funding for Operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. Sheila Jackson Lee voted Nay on 06/19/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. HR 5010. 108th Congress. Department of Defense Appropriations, Fiscal Year 2003. Sheila Jackson Lee voted Yea on 10/10/2002. (votesmart.org)
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. HR 5631. 110th Congress. Defense Department FY2007 Appropriations Bill. Sheila Jackson Lee voted Yea on 06/20/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. HR 1363. 112th Congress. 2011 Department of Defense Budget and Additional Continuing Appropriations. Sheila Jackson Lee voted Nay on 04/07/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. HR 4200. 108th Congress. Defense Department FY2005 Authorization Bill. Sheila Jackson Lee voted Yea on 05/20/2004. (votesmart.org)
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. HR 4939. 110th Congress. Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2006. Sheila Jackson Lee voted Yea on 06/13/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. H Amdt 13. 112th Congress. Reducing Navy and Air Force Aircraft Procurement. Sheila Jackson Lee voted Nay on 02/15/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. HR 2561. 106th Congress. Defense Department Appropriations bill, FY2000. Sheila Jackson Lee voted Yea on 07/22/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. HR 3222. 110th Congress. Department of Defense Appropriations, Fiscal Year 2008. Sheila Jackson Lee voted Yea on 08/05/2007. (votesmart.org)
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. HR 5631. 110th Congress. Department Defense Appropriations Act, FY 2007. Sheila Jackson Lee voted Nay on 09/26/2006. (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Letter to the Honorable Nancy Pelosi, Speaker of the House of Representatives. 9 December 2010. "We oppose acceding to Republican demands to extend the Bush tax cuts to millionaires and billionaires for two reasons. First, it is fiscally irresponsible. Adding more than $900 billion to our national debt, as this proposal would do, handcuffs our ability to offer a balanced plan to achieve fiscal stability without a punishing effect on our current commitments, including Social Security and Medicare. Second, it is grossly unfair. This proposal will hurt, not help, the majority of Americans in the middle class and those working hard to get there. Even as Republicans seek to add billions more to our national debt in tax cuts to the wealthy, they oppose extending unemployment benefits to workers and resist COLA increases to seniors [¦] We support extending tax cuts in full to 98 percent of American taxpayers, as the President initially proposed. He should not back down. Nor should we." (votesmart.org)
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Sequester Replacement Reconciliation Act of 2012. 10 May 2012. "In the budget, the Administration calls for individual tax reform that: cuts the deficit by $1.5 trillion, including the expiration of the high-income 2001 and 2003 tax cuts. As a matter of sound fiscal policy, I am supportive of this effort. I recognize the economic benefits that many attribute to the Bush Tax Cuts, but we must ask ourselves are they affordable at this time. The President's budget also eliminates inefficient and unfair tax breaks for millionaires while making all tax breaks at least as good for the middle class as for the wealthy; and observes the Buffett Rule that no household making more than $1 million a year pays less than 30 percent of their income in taxes." (votesmart.org)
  • National Taxpayers Union. 04/18/2012. "Sheila Jackson Lee supported reasonable tax and spending policies as defined by the National Taxpayers Union 6 percent of the time in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. HR 1836. 107th Congress. Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act, 2001. Sheila Jackson Lee voted Nay on 05/16/2001. (votesmart.org)
  • Citizens for Tax Justice. 04/18/2012. "Sheila Jackson Lee supported the interests of the Citizens for Tax Justice 83 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Tax Reform. 04/18/2012. "Sheila Jackson Lee supported the interests of the Americans for Tax Reform 0 percent in 2007." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Sheila Jackson Lee. HR 5297. 112th Congress. Small Business Lending Fund and Tax Law Amendments. Sheila Jackson Lee voted Yea on 09/23/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • The Club for Growth. 04/18/2012. "On the votes used to calculate its ratings, The Club for Growth attaches more value to those votes it considers more important. For 2010, The Club for Growth gave Sheila Jackson Lee a rating of 0 percent." (votesmart.org)
  • Americans for Prosperity. 04/18/2012. "Sheila Jackson Lee supported the interests of the Americans for Prosperity 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. HR 1424. 110th Congress. Financial Asset Purchase Authority and Tax Law Amendments. Sheila Jackson Lee voted Yea on 10/03/2008. (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "Create "empowerment zones" in urban areas with high unemployment by providing government grants and federal assistance, in addition to tax credits, to new and expanding businesses." 5. If elected to Congress, which of the following general principles or specific proposals will you support to address the problem of unemployment? Other or expanded principles: "Generate jobs through a partnering of public and private industry to improve the nation's infrastructure and environment."
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. HR 2488. 106th Congress. Financial Freedom Act of 1999. Sheila Jackson Lee voted Nay on 08/05/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. HR 2. 108th Congress. Jobs and Economic Growth bill. Sheila Jackson Lee voted Nay on 05/23/2003. (votesmart.org)
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Provide tax credits for companies that move job-creating industries into areas with high unemployment."
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "Create "enterprise zones" in urban areas with high unemployment by providing tax credits for new and expanding businesses." 5. If elected to Congress, which of the following general principles or specific proposals will you support to address the problem of unemployment? Other or expanded principles: "Generate jobs through a partnering of public and private industry to improve the nation's infrastructure and environment."
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Renewable Energy and Job Creation Tax Act of 2008. 26 September 2008. "I rise today in strong support of the Renewable Energy and Job Creation Tax Act of 2008. This legislation is a timely, necessary, and comprehensive approach to addressing our energy crisis. I support efforts to extend the expiring business tax provisions. Opponents of H.R. 6049 are concerned that the House Amendment to the Senate Amendment to this bill would permanently increase taxes on businesses to pay for a temporary, one-year extension of expiring business tax provisions. I fail to see the merits of the opponent's contention and I believe that the benefits far outweigh any potential costs. Given the circumstances, the American economy is spiraling downward, energy prices are high, and unemployment is high, some kind of relief must be granted. To the extent that this body can grant some kind of relief, it is to be supported. I urge my colleagues to support this legislation. I am committed to working with industry actors to make sure that some balance is struck in the future." (votesmart.org)
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Small Business Jobs Tax Relief Act of 2010. 15 June 2010. "I rise in support of the Small Business Jobs Tax Relief Act of 2010, H.R. 5486. I also want to thank Chairman SANDY LEVIN and the members of the Committee on Ways and Means for their hard work on this legislation. The bill amends the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to provide tax incentives for small business job creation, and for other purposes." (votesmart.org)
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Small Business Jobs and Credit Act of 2010. 17 June 2010. "The Obama administration also supports expansion of many of the current SBA programs, as well as tax incentives to stimulate the small business sector. Any comprehensive package of initiatives designed to support small business is the best solution to keep the small businesses of our Nation generating jobs and creating income." (votesmart.org)
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Concurrent Resolution On The Budget For Fiscal Year 2010. 30 April 2009. "The budget builds upon significant funding and tax incentives in the Recovery Act by increasing our investments in renewable energy and energy efficiency by some 18 percent for 2010. These investments will spur new sources of energy that we can produce here, creating 'green collar' jobs for American workers. It will promote energy independence over the long term." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Promote education flexibility by giving federal funds, in the form of block grants, to the states to spend it as they see fit."
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Issue Position: District Education. 8 August 2012. "Congresswoman Jackson Lee has voted to bring billions of dollars in federal education funding back to Texas. While she supports initiatives to ensure that schools are held accountable for ensuring that students learn, Jackson Lee has coupled this with fighting for increased resources for high needs school systems. She is a pro-education member and has voted on policies that will ensure that all students have the opportunity to learn and achieve." (votesmart.org)
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Support national standards for and testing of public school students."
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Increase" for: "Using the key, indicate what federal funding levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category. d) Education"
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "Establish "National Standards" for K-12 schools and encourage states to adopt them." 8. If elected to Congress, which of the following general principles or specific proposals will you support to change America's public education system? Other or expanded principles: "Overhaul the education curriculum so the US can be the best in the world and graduates of high school can realistically compete for jobs."
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "Establish a nationwide competency test for teachers and encourage states to adopt it."
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Texas Democrats Urge Governor Perry to Drop the Frivolous Lawsuit and Sign A Legitimate Application. 27 September 2010. "Federal funding from the U.S. Department of Education sent to the State of Texas must be used for the education and the education only of the children of Texas. Whatever the obstacles are that we have to overcome to provide the best education for the children of Texas, we will fight against those obstacles and overcome them in the best interests of Texas' school children. Furthermore, I pledge to support the parents, teachers, and children who themselves desire the best education for the children of Texas. No state elected official can use partisan politics to deter the good work of the Texas Congressional delegation in ensuring federal education dollars are for educating our children." (www.stylemagazine.com)
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Support national standards and testing of public school students."
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "l) Eliminate restrictions on federal education funding, giving educators or local school districts more flexibility to design and implement their programs."
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "j) Providing education is not a responsibility of the federal government."
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "Eliminate the U.S. Department of Education."
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. HR 2300. 106th Congress. Academic Achievement for All Act. Sheila Jackson Lee voted Did Not Vote on 10/21/1999. (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Sheila Jackson Lee. HR 3534. 112th Congress. Offshore Drilling Regulations and Other Energy Law Amendments. Sheila Jackson Lee voted Nay on 07/30/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. H Amdt 773. 112th Congress. Ending Moratorium on Deepwater Drilling Rigs that Meet Certain Safety Standards. Sheila Jackson Lee voted Yea on 07/30/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "f) Support increased development of traditional energy resources (e.g. coal, natural gas, oil)."
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "h) Support opening a select portion of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge for oil exploration."
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. HR 1230. 112th Congress. Offshore Leasing Act. Sheila Jackson Lee voted Yea on 05/05/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Environment America. 04/18/2012. "Sheila Jackson Lee supported the interests of Environment America 80 percent in 2009." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Air Act."
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "Consider further increasing federal taxes on gasoline and diesel fuels."
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed Sheila Jackson Lee in the 2004 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Environment America. 04/18/2012. "Sheila Jackson Lee supported the interests of Environment America 80 percent in 2009." (votesmart.org)
  • League of Conservation Voters. 04/18/2012. "Sheila Jackson Lee supported the interests of the League of Conservation Voters 80 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed Sheila Jackson Lee in the 2010 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed Sheila Jackson Lee in the 2002 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Sierra Club. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Sierra Club endorsed Sheila Jackson Lee in the 2006 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "h) Promote the selling of pollution credits between nations to encourage industries to decrease pollution levels."
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. HR 910. 112th Congress. Energy Tax Prevention Act. Sheila Jackson Lee voted Nay on 04/07/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. HR 2454. 111th Congress. Energy and Environmental Law Amendments ("Cap and Trade"). Sheila Jackson Lee voted Yea on 06/26/2009. (votesmart.org)
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline or diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles."
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "Encourage further market based strategies to clean up the environment such as pollution credits." 7. If elected to Congress, which of the following general principles or specific proposals will you support concerning the environment? Other or expanded principles: "Pass smart clean water and air legislation to improve the environment, but not bankrupt municipalities and businesses."
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "Tax high-level energy users (businesses and individuals) to discourage excessive energy use and pay for environmental cleanup."
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "l) Support the U.S. re-entering the Kyoto treaty process to limit global warming."
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Reduce government regulation of the private sector in order to encourage investment and economic expansion."
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Strengthen emission controls and fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles."
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "k) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits."
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "Pass stronger clean water and clean air legislation." 7. If elected to Congress, which of the following general principles or specific proposals will you support concerning the environment? Other or expanded principles: "Pass smart clean water and air legislation to improve the environment, but not bankrupt municipalities and businesses."
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "j) Reduce current federal regulations on the environment."
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "Phase in a prohibition of pollution causing products such as gas powered autos and lawn mowers."
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "Eliminate government regulations to encourage investment and economic expansion of the private sector."

Vote Smart's Research

  • Sheila Jackson Lee. The Assault Weapons Ban. 13 September 2004. "For ten years, the assault weapons ban has helped keep semi-automatic assault weapons off the market, off our street, and out of the hands of gangs, terrorists, drug dealers, and most importantly our children. It is imperative that the House Republican leadership schedule an immediate vote to renew and strengthen the assault weapons ban so that these deadly weapons are not allowed on our streets again. These are not the weapons people use for hunting deer or wild game. These assault weapons are designed to kill as many people as quickly as possible." (votesmart.org)
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. HR 6842. 110th Congress. Repealing Portions of the D.C. Firearm Ban. Sheila Jackson Lee voted Nay on 09/17/2008. (votesmart.org)
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. H AMDT 1156. 110th Congress. Trigger Lock Amendment. Sheila Jackson Lee voted Nay on 06/28/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. S 397. 109th Congress. Firearms Manufacturers Protection Bill. Sheila Jackson Lee voted Nay on 10/20/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. HR 2122. 106th Congress. Mandatory Gun Show Background Check Act. Sheila Jackson Lee voted Nay on 06/18/1999. (votesmart.org)
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns."
  • Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence endorsed Sheila Jackson Lee in the 2008 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns."
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows."
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "Impose a national ban on the public sale of assault weapons." 1. If elected to Congress, which of the following general principles or specific proposals will you support to address the problem of crime? Other or expanded principles: "Alternative (crime prevention) activities for youth."
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Maintain and strengthen the enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Ban the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting."
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "i) Raise the minimum age for ownership of handguns from 18 to 21."
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "k) Require a license for gun possession."
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Maintain and strengthen the current level of enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Renew the ban on the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting."
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "j) Require background checks of gun buyers at gun shows."
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "Impose a national ban on the sale of handguns to minors." 1. If elected to Congress, which of the following general principles or specific proposals will you support to address the problem of crime? Other or expanded principles: "Alternative (crime prevention) activities for youth."
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "f) Require manufacturers to provide child-safety locks on guns."
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "h) Require a license for gun possession."
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Firearms Excise Tax Improvement Act of 2010. 29 June 2010. "Mr. Speaker, it must be stated that in a time when firearms are being used to commit heinous crimes against individuals in this country, it is important that we remember to ensure that we use strict measures to ensure that we can track the owners of firearms and requiring such excise taxes is one way to do so. In this Congress, I introduced H.R. 257, The Child Gun Safety and Gun Access Prevention Act of 2009--which would amend the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act to: (1) raise the age of handgun eligibility to 21 (currently, 18); and (2) prohibit persons under age 21 from possessing semiautomatic assault weapons or large capacity ammunition feeding devices, with exceptions. It would also increase penalties for: (1) a second or subsequent violation by a juvenile of Brady Act provisions or for a first violation committed after an adjudication of delinquency or after a state or federal conviction for an act that, if committed by an adult, would be a serious violent felony; and (2) transferring a handgun, ammunition, semiautomatic assault weapon, or large capacity ammunition feeding device to a person who is under age 21, knowing or having reasonable cause to know that such person intended to use it in the commission of a crime of violence. The bill also would prohibit any licensed importer, manufacturer, or dealer from transferring a firearm to any person (other than a licensed importer, manufacturer, or dealer) unless the transferee is provided with a secure gun storage or safety device. Authorizes the Attorney General to suspend or revoke any firearms license, or to subject the licensee to a civil penalty of up to $10,000, if the licensee has knowingly violated this prohibition. H.R. 257 would prohibit keeping a loaded firearm or an unloaded firearm and ammunition within any premises knowing or recklessly disregarding the risk that a child: (1) is capable of gaining access to it; and (2) will use the firearm to cause death or serious bodily injury. It would also require the parent or legal guardian of a child to ensure that a child attending a gun show is accompanied by an adult." (votesmart.org)
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Firearms Excise Tax Improvement Act of 2010. 29 June 2010. "Yesterday, in its second major ruling on gun rights in three years, the Supreme Court extended the federally protected right to keep and bear arms to all 50 states. We know that the decision will be hailed by gun rights advocates and comes over the opposition of gun control groups, the city of Chicago and four justices. Justice Samuel Alito wrote for the five justice majority saying 'the right to keep and bear arms must be regarded as a substantive guarantee, not a prohibition that could be ignored so long as the States legislated in an evenhanded manner.' The ruling builds upon the Court's 2008 decision in D.C. v. Heller that invalidated the handgun ban in the nation's capital. Moreover, that decision held that the Second Amendment right to keep and bear arms was a right the Founders specifically delegated to individuals. The justices affirmed that decision and extended its reach to the 50 states. Today's ruling also invalidates Chicago's handgun ban. The irony is that there have been 209 homicides so far this year in 2010 in Chicago. We need to strike a reasonable balance between upholding our Second Amendment rights to bear arms, and at the same time ensure that we enact appropriate laws to address criminal behavior and to ensure the health and safety of Americans across this nation." (votesmart.org)
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. HR 125. 104th Congress. Gun Ban Repeal Act of 1995. Sheila Jackson Lee voted Nay on 03/22/1996. (votesmart.org)
  • Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. Project Vote Smart: Interest Group Endorsements. 04/18/2012. Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence endorsed Sheila Jackson Lee in the 2010 general election. (votesmart.org)
  • Gun Owners of America. 04/18/2012. "In 2010 Gun Owners of America gave Sheila Jackson Lee a grade of 9." (votesmart.org)
  • Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. 04/18/2012. "Sheila Jackson Lee supported the interests of the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence 100 percent from 1988-2003 (Senate) or 1991-2003 (House)." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • American Public Health Association. 04/18/2012. "Sheila Jackson Lee supported the interests of the American Public Health Association 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. HR 2. 112th Congress. Repealing the Health Care Bill. Sheila Jackson Lee voted Nay on 01/19/2011. (votesmart.org)
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 1994 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "Support President Clinton's position for a "comprehensive health care plan for all Americans.""
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government."
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government."
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Repeal of Obamacare Act. 10 July 2012. "The fact is this is the right thing to do. Support ObamaCare. Oppose the repeal. This is good for business." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Federation for American Immigration Reform. 04/18/2012. "Sheila Jackson Lee supported the interests of the Federation for American Immigration Reform 0 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. HR 4437. 109th Congress. Border Security Bill. Sheila Jackson Lee voted Nay on 12/16/2005. (votesmart.org)
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "e) Support amnesty for certain illegal immigrants who already reside in the United States."
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Grant U.S. citizenship to children born in the US only if their parents immigrated legally."
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Prohibit states from passing laws that deny human services (medical care, education) to illegal immigrants or their children."
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. HR 5281. 112th Congress. DREAM Act. Sheila Jackson Lee voted Yea on 12/08/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute. 04/18/2012. "Sheila Jackson Lee supported the interests of National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • American Family Association. 04/18/2012. "Sheila Jackson Lee supported the interests of the American Family Association 5 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Traditional Values Coalition. 04/18/2012. "Sheila Jackson Lee supported the interests of the Traditional Values Coalition 14 percent in 2006" (votesmart.org)
  • Human Rights Campaign. 04/18/2012. "Sheila Jackson Lee supported the interests of the Human Rights Campaign 100 percent in 2010." (votesmart.org)
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. H J Res 88. 110th Congress. Same-Sex Marriage Resolution. Sheila Jackson Lee voted Nay on 07/18/2006. (votesmart.org)
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. HR 3685. 110th Congress. Sexual Orientation Employment Nondiscrimination Act (ENDA). Sheila Jackson Lee voted Yea on 11/07/2007. (votesmart.org)
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. HR 2965. 112th Congress. Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act. Sheila Jackson Lee voted Yea on 12/15/2010. (votesmart.org)
  • Family Research Council. 04/18/2012. "Sheila Jackson Lee supported the interests of the Family Research Council 0 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Congresswoman Sheila Jackson Lee Stands by American Servicemen and Women Expresses Outrage at Governor Perry's Remarks. 15 June 2005. "Congresswoman Sheila Jackson Lee expressed her outrage and disagreement with Governor Rick Perry's recent remarks implying that homosexuals would be unwelcome in Texas [¦] 'I am deeply regretful that the Governor made such a cruel statement to our Servicemen and women who would be adversely effected by such a law prohibiting gay marriage. The views of Governor Perry do not reflect those of all Texans, and they certainly do not reflect my own personal views.'" (votesmart.org)
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Marriage Protection Amendment. 30 September 2004. "The Federal government cannot use its influence to change people's minds about a social issue. it did not work in the 1920s with the 18th amendment declared alcohol to be illegal and it did not work in the 1960s when interracial marriage was still considered a crime. This amendment will not change the lives of those who want to live as a married couple, all it will do is take away their license to do so." (votesmart.org)
  • American Civil Liberties Union. 04/18/2012. "Sheila Jackson Lee supported the interests of the American Civil Liberties Union 100 percent in 2006." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "f) Do you support a policy of pre-emptive strikes against countries deemed to be a threat to national security?"
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Congresswoman Jackson Lee Addresses the Death of Al Qaeda Leader Abu Yahya Al-Libi. 6 June 2012. "First, I would like to congratulate President Obama and his Administration on his successful policies regarding Homeland Security and the war on terror. I would also like to thank all of the men and women of the armed forces and intelligence agencies that lent their services to planning the drone attack that killed Al Qaeda leader Abu Yahya al-Libi." (votesmart.org)

Vote Smart's Research

  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government."
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 2000 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves."
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves."
  • Sheila Jackson Lee. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Texas Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government."
  • Sheila Jackson Lee signed Progressive Change Campaign Committee: Social Security Protectors. "Social Security belongs to the people who have worked hard all their lives and contributed to it. Social Security is a promise that must not be broken. We need to strengthen Social Security, not cut it. That is why I oppose any cuts to Social Security benefits, including increasing the retirement age. I also oppose any effort to privatize Social Security, in whole or in part." (socialsecurityprotectors.com)
  • Alliance for Retired Americans. 04/18/2012. "Sheila Jackson Lee supported the interests of the Alliance for Retired Americans 100 percent in 2008." (votesmart.org)

Key

Candidate Answer Official Position

Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.

Inferred Answer Inferred Position

Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Project Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.

Unknown Answer Unknown Position

Candidate refused to address this issue.

 Project Vote Smart's Research

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Congressional Election 2004 National Political Awareness Test

This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.

The Political Courage Test asks candidates which items they will support if elected. It does not ask them to indicate which items they will oppose. Through extensive research of public polling data, we discovered that voters are more concerned with what candidates would support when elected to office, not what they oppose. If a candidate does not select a response to any part or all of any question, it does not necessarily indicate that the candidate is opposed to that particular item.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding abortion.

a) Abortions should always be illegal.
Xb) Abortions should always be legal.
c) Abortions should be legal only within the first trimester of pregnancy.
Xd) Abortions should be legal when the pregnancy resulted from incest or rape.
Xe) Abortions should be legal when the life of the woman is endangered.
f) Prohibit the dilation and extraction procedure, also known as "partial-birth" abortion.
g) Prohibit public funding of abortions and of organizations that advocate or perform abortions.
h) Other or expanded principles

Using the key, indicate what federal funding levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category.

Budget Priorities

Maintain Statusa) Agriculture
Maintain Statusb) Arts
Maintain Statusc) Defense
Greatly Increased) Education
Maintain Statuse) Environment
Slightly Increasef) Homeland security
Slightly Increaseg) International aid
Greatly Increaseh) Law enforcement
Slightly Increasei) Medical research
Maintain Statusj) National parks
Slightly Increasek) Public health services
Slightly Increasel) Scientific research
Slightly Increasem) Space exploration programs
Maintain Statusn) Transportation and highway infrastructure
Slightly Increaseo) Welfare
p) Other or expanded categories

Defense Spending

Maintain Statusa) Armed Forces personnel training
Slightly Increaseb) Intelligence operations
Maintain Statusc) Military hardware
Slightly Increased) Modernization of weaponry and equipment
Slightly Increasee) National missile defense
Maintain Statusf) Pay for active duty personnel
Maintain Statusg) Programs to improve troop retention rates
Maintain Statush) Research and development of new weapons
Maintain Statusi) Troop and equipment readiness
j) Other or expanded categories

Using the key above, indicate what federal tax levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category.

Taxes

Income Taxes:

Family Income

Greatly Decreasea) Less than $25,000
Slightly Decreaseb) $25,000-$75,000
Slightly Decreasec) $75,000-$150,000
Maintain Statusd) Over $150,000
e) Other or expanded categories

Retiree Income

Maintain Statusf) Over $40,000
g) Other or expanded categories

Other Taxes:

Slightly Increasea) Alcohol taxes
Slightly Increaseb) Capital gains taxes
Slightly Increasec) Cigarette taxes
Slightly Increased) Corporate taxes
Slightly Increasee) Gasoline taxes
Slightly Increasef) Inheritance taxes
g) Other or expanded categories

Deductions/Credits:

Maintain Statusa) Charitable contributions
Slightly Increaseb) Child tax credit
Slightly Increasec) Earned income tax credit
Maintain Statusd) Medical expense deduction
Maintain Statuse) Mortgage deduction
Slightly Increasef) Student loan credit
g) Other or expanded categories
Yes4) Do you support permanent repeal of the federal estate tax?
Undecided5) Do you support eliminating taxes on dividends paid to individual investors?
No6) Should a married couple filing jointly pay the same taxes as if they were an unmarried couple filing separately?
7) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance and government reform.

Xa) Support public taxpayer funding for federal candidates who comply with campaign spending limits.
b) Increase the amount individuals are permitted to contribute to federal campaigns.
c) Prohibit Political Action Committee (PAC) contributions to candidates for federal office.
d) Allow unregulated soft money campaign contributions to political parties or committees.
e) Allow ads paid for by soft money that support or attack a candidate for federal office.
Xf) Allow issue advocacy commercials by corporations, labor unions, and non-profit groups which appear within 60 days of a general election and within 30 days of a primary election.
g) Remove all contribution limits on federal campaigns and parties.
h) Do you support instant run-off voting (IRV)?
i) Should Election Day be a national holiday?
j) Should same-sex couples be allowed to form civil unions?
k) Should marriage be restricted to a union only between a man and a woman?
l) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding crime.

Xa) Support the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
b) Eliminate the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
Xc) Impose "truth in sentencing" for violent criminals so they serve full sentences with no chance of parole.
Xd) Support programs to provide prison inmates with vocational and job-related skills and job-placement assistance when released.
Xe) Support programs to provide prison inmates with drug and alcohol addiction treatment.
Xf) Reduce prison sentences for those who commit non-violent crimes.
g) Support additional criminal penalties if a fetus is killed in the commission of a federal crime against a pregnant woman.
h) Require that crimes based on gender, sexual orientation, and disability be prosecuted as federal hate crimes.
Xi) Support programs that provide job training and placement services for at-risk youth.
j) Impose stricter penalties for those convicted of white-collar crimes.
Xk) Enforcement of civil rights should primarily be the responsibility of the federal government.
l) Minors accused of a violent crime should be prosecuted as adults.
m) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding drugs.

Xa) Support mandatory jail sentences for selling illegal drugs.
Xb) Expand federally sponsored drug education and drug treatment programs.
Xc) Decriminalize the possession of small amounts of marijuana.
Xd) Allow doctors to prescribe marijuana to their patients for medicinal purposes.
Xe) Increase border security to stop the flow of illegal drugs into the United States.
f) Eliminate federal funding for programs associated with the "war on drugs."
g) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding education.

Xa) Support national standards for and testing of public school students.
b) Allow parents to use vouchers (equal opportunity scholarships) to send their children to any public school.
c) Allow parents to use vouchers (equal opportunity scholarships) to send their children to any private or religious school.
d) Allow teachers and professionals to receive authorization and funding to establish charter schools.
e) Increase funding for block grants to states to aid in the hiring of additional teachers.
f) Support teacher testing and reward teachers with merit pay.
g) Increase funding for school capital improvements (e.g. buildings, infrastructure, technology).
h) Support granting states limited control over Head Start programs.
i) Support changing the mission of Head Start to emphasize improving the math and reading skills of disadvantaged children.
j) Providing education is not a responsibility of the federal government.
Xk) Support affirmative action in public college admissions.
Xl) Increase funding of programs such as Pell grants and Stafford loans to help students pay for college.
m) Support federal tax incentives to help families save for college.
n) Other or expanded principles

1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding employment.

a) Increase funding for national job-training programs that re-train displaced workers or teach skills needed in today's job market.
b) Reduce government regulation of the private sector in order to encourage investment and economic expansion.
c) Provide tax credits or grants to businesses that offer child care services to employees.
Xd) Encourage employers to offer flex-time scheduling, comp-time, and unpaid leave for family emergencies.
e) Eliminate all federal programs designed to reduce unemployment.
Xf) Increase the federal minimum wage.
Xg) Support the right of workers to strike without fear of being permanently replaced.
h) Allow workers to sell company stock and to diversify their company retirement funds into other investment options.
i) Other or expanded principles

2) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding affirmative action.

a) The federal government should consider race and gender in government contracting decisions.
b) The federal government should discontinue affirmative action programs.
Xc) The federal government should continue affirmative action programs.
Xd) Include sexual orientation in federal anti-discrimination laws.
e) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the environment and energy.

Xa) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Water Act.
Xb) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Air Act.
c) Require states to compensate citizens when environmental regulations limit uses of privately-owned land.
d) Relax logging restrictions on federal lands.
e) Relax standards on federal lands to allow increased recreational usage.
Xf) Support increased development of traditional energy resources (e.g. coal, natural gas, oil).
g) Strengthen emission controls and fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles.
h) Support opening a select portion of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge for oil exploration.
i) Encourage further development and use of alternative fuels to reduce pollution.
j) Support the use of ethanol as an alternative fuel.
k) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits.
l) Support the U.S. re-entering the Kyoto treaty process to limit global warming.
m) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding guns.

Xa) Renew the ban on the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting.
b) Maintain and strengthen the current level of enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
Xd) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns.
f) Require manufacturers to provide child-safety locks on guns.
Xg) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows.
Xh) Require a license for gun possession.
i) Establish a national database of ballistic "fingerprints" to track guns used in criminal activities.
j) Support legislation that would protect manufacturers, distributors, dealers, and importers of firearms from civil lawsuits by crime victims.
k) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health care.

a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government.
Xb) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income.
Xc) Support a Patient's Bill of Rights which includes appeal mechanisms when claims are denied.
Xd) Support a Patient's Bill of Rights which includes the right to sue when claims are denied.
e) Expand eligibility for tax-free medical savings accounts.
f) Establish limits on the amount of punitive damages awarded in medical malpractice lawsuits.
Xg) Support expanding prescription drug coverage under Medicare.
h) Support expanding prescription drug coverage under private managed care plans.
i) Offer tax credits to individuals and small businesses to offset the cost of insurance coverage.
Xj) Support automatic enrollment of children in federal health care programs such as CHIP and Medicaid.
k) Allow 55-65 year-olds to buy into Medicare.
l) Support stem cell research on existing lines of stem cells.
m) Allow laboratories to create new lines of stem cells for additional research.
n) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding immigration.

a) Decrease the number of legal immigrants allowed into the country.
b) Establish English as the official national language.
Xc) Increase the number of visas issued for agricultural workers.
Xd) Relax restrictions barring legal immigrants from using social programs (e.g. public housing, food stamps).
Xe) Support amnesty for certain illegal immigrants who already reside in the United States.
f) Support the detention of asylum seekers from countries known to sponsor terrorism.
g) Other or expanded principles

International Aid

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding United States economic assistance.

Xa) Aid should be granted to countries when extraordinary circumstances cause disaster and threaten civilian lives.
b) Aid should be granted to countries when it is in the security interests of the United States.
c) Aid should be eliminated for any nation with documented human rights abuses.
d) Aid programs should be scaled back and eventually eliminated.
e) Other or expanded principles

International Policy

1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the Middle East.

a) Should the United States continue to provide leadership in the Israeli-Palestinian peace process?
b) Should the United States support the creation of a Palestinian state?
Yesc) Should the United States withdraw its troops from Iraq?
d) Discuss your proposals for the reconstruction of Iraq. What funding sources would you use to implement these proposals? (75 words or less. Please use an attached page if the space below is not adequate.)
e) Other or expanded principles

2) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Central and East Asia.

a) Should the United States use diplomatic and economic pressure to encourage North Korea to abandon its nuclear weapons program?
b) Should the United States use military force to destroy the North Korean nuclear weapons program?
c) Should the United States remove the North Korean government from power?
Yesd) Should the United States increase financial support to Afghanistan?
Yese) Should the United States increase military support to Afghanistan?
f) Other or expanded principles

3) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the United Nations.

Yesa) Should the United States maintain its financial support of the United Nations?
Nob) Should the United States decrease its financial support of the United Nations?
c) Should the United States commit troops to United Nations peacekeeping missions?
d) Other or expanded principles
4) Should the United States lift the travel ban to Cuba?
5) Should the United States increase its financial support to Colombia to combat "the war on drugs"?
Yes6) Should aid to African nations for AIDS prevention programs fund distribution of contraceptives?
7) Should aid to African nations for AIDS prevention fund abstinence education?
8) Other or expanded principles

International Trade

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding international trade.

Yes1) Do you support the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)?
Yes2) Do you support the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)?
Yes3) Do you support continued U.S. membership in the World Trade Organization (WTO)?
Undecided4) Should a nation's human rights record affect its normal trade relations (most favored nation) status with the United States?
Undecided5) Do you support the trade embargo against Cuba?
Yes6) Should trade agreements include provisions to address environmental concerns and to protect workers' rights?
7) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding national security.

Noa) Do you support using military tribunals to try suspected terrorists when ordinary civilian courts are deemed inappropriate or impractical?
Yesb) Should the United States adopt stricter rules for student visa applications from nations known to sponsor terrorism?
Undecidedc) Should the United States grant law enforcement agencies greater discretion to read mail and email, tap phones, and conduct random searches to prevent future terrorist attacks?
Yesd) Should the United States hold foreign states accountable for terrorists who operate in their country?
Undecidede) Should the federal government increase funding to states and cities for homeland security?
Nof) Do you support a policy of pre-emptive strikes against countries deemed to be a threat to national security?
g) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Social Security.

a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves.
b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government.
c) Invest a portion of Social Security assets collectively in stocks and bonds instead of United States Treasury securities.
d) Increase the payroll tax to better finance Social Security in its current form.
Xe) Lower the annual cost-of-living increases.
f) Raise the retirement age for when individuals are eligible to receive full Social Security benefits.
g) Other of expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding technology and communication.

Xa) Collect taxes on commercial Internet transactions.
Xb) Continue the moratorium on Internet taxation.
Xc) Implement regulation of Internet content.
Xd) Support government mandates to curtail violent and sexual content on television.
Xe) Support strict penalties for Internet crimes (e.g. hacking, identity theft, worms/viruses).
Xf) Support legislation to detail how personal information can be collected and used on the Internet.
g) Regulating the Internet is not a responsibility of the federal government.
Xh) Impose regulations on "spam" emails.
i) Other or expanded principles

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding welfare and poverty.

a) Require welfare recipients to spend at least 40 hours a week in a combination of work and training programs.
Xb) Increase funding for child care programs.
Xc) Continue to give states and local governments flexibility in and responsibility for welfare programs through federal block grants.
d) Direct federal poverty aid through religious, community-based, or other non-profit organizations.
e) Abolish all federal welfare programs.
Xf) Support housing assistance for low-income families.
g) Other or expanded principles
On an attached page, disk, or via email, please explain in a total of 75 words or less, your top two or three priorities if elected. If they require additional funding for implementation, please explain how you would obtain this funding.