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Kenneth Proctor's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)

Project Vote Smart does not permit the use of its name or programs in any campaign activity, including advertising, debates, and speeches.
Kenneth Proctor has refused to provide voters with positions on key issues covered by the 2014 Political Courage Test, despite repeated requests. Kenneth Proctor is still welcome to submit the test at any time.

What is the Political Courage Test?

Issue Positions

In response to the increasing unwillingness of candidates to answer issue questions, Project Vote Smart has researched Presidential and Congressional candidates' public records to determine candidates' likely responses on certain key issues. These issue positions, from the year 2014, are provided below as a courtesy to voters.

Unknown Position Unknown Answer Abortion: Do you generally support pro-choice or pro-life legislation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Abortions should always be legal." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding abortion. Other or expanded principles: "Although I believe in a woman's freedom to make her own decisions, I oppose forcing others through taxes to pay for them"
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Prohibit the late-term abortion procedure known as "partial-birth" abortion."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1992 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Oppose" for: "Abortion should be illegal in all circumstances."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1992 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Oppose" for: "Federally funded abortions should be permitted."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Medicare, Medicaid, and federal subsidies should be prohibited from being used on abortion procedures." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding abortion. Other or expanded principles: "The U.S. Constitution underlines the fact that the abortion issue is not a federal issue, but one for each state to decide."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "f) Prohibit public funding of abortions and to organizations that advocate or perform abortions." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding abortion. Other or expanded principles: "Although I believe in a woman's freedom to make her own decisions, I oppose forcing others through taxes to pay for them"
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Prohibit public funding of abortions and of organizations that advocate or perform abortions."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Abortions should always be legal." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding abortion. Other or expanded principles: "I oppose public funding of abortions. It is just as wrong to force people to pay for things they oppose as it is to force your religious beliefs on others."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "h) Prohibit public funding of abortions and public funding of organizations that advocate or perform abortions."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1992 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Strongly Support" for: "Women should be able to get abortions if they want no matter what the reason."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Abortions should always be legally available." Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning abortion. Other or expanded principles: "I oppose public funding of abortions. It is just as wrong to force people to pay for things that they oppose, as it is to force your personal or religious beliefs on others."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Eliminate public funding for abortions and public funding of organizations that advocate or perform abortions."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be legally available." Indicate all principles you support concerning abortion. Other or expanded principles: "I oppose public funding for abortions. "
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Prohibit the late-term abortion procedure known as "partial-birth" abortion."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Abortions should always be legal." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding abortion. Other or expanded principles: "Although I believe in a woman's freedom to make her own decisions, I oppose forcing others through taxes to pay for them"
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Abortions should always be legal." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding abortion. Other or expanded principles: "I oppose public funding of abortions. It is just as wrong to force people to pay for things they oppose as it is to force your religious beliefs on others."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1992 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Oppose" for: "Abortion should be illegal in all circumstances."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Abortions should always be legal."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be legally available."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1992 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Oppose" for: "Federally funded abortions should be permitted."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Medicare, Medicaid, and federal subsidies should be prohibited from being used on abortion procedures." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding abortion. Other or expanded principles: "The U.S. Constitution underlines the fact that the abortion issue is not a federal issue, but one for each state to decide."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "f) Prohibit public funding of abortions and to organizations that advocate or perform abortions." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding abortion. Other or expanded principles: "Although I believe in a woman's freedom to make her own decisions, I oppose forcing others through taxes to pay for them"
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Prohibit public funding of abortions and of organizations that advocate or perform abortions."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "h) Prohibit public funding of abortions and public funding of organizations that advocate or perform abortions."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1992 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Strongly Support" for: "Women should be able to get abortions if they want no matter what the reason."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "b) Abortions should always be legally available." Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning abortion. Other or expanded principles: "I oppose public funding of abortions. It is just as wrong to force people to pay for things that they oppose, as it is to force your personal or religious beliefs on others."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Eliminate public funding for abortions and public funding of organizations that advocate or perform abortions."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be legally available." Indicate all principles you support concerning abortion. Other or expanded principles: "I oppose public funding for abortions. "
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be illegal."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Abortions should always be legal."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Abortions should always be legally available."
No Inferred Answer Budget: In order to balance the budget, do you support an income tax increase on any tax bracket? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1992 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "If you are elected to Congress, how will you confront the issue of the national debt? Raise personal income taxes for citizens with incomes over $100,000."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1992 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "If you are elected to Congress, how will you confront the issue of the national debt? Raise personal income taxes for all citizens."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "5) Do you support making President Bush's tax cuts permanent?" Budgetary, Spending, and Taxes, Part 3: Taxes (B) Other or expanded principles: "End corporate welfare. Streamline Federal Government starting with a 10% across the board reduction. Make it a priority to eliminate Federal corruption and graft."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "3) Do you support eliminating the Internal Revenue Service?"
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1992 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "If you are elected to Congress, how will you confront the issue of the national debt? Raise corporate taxes."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "6) Do you support requiring a super-majority vote in both houses of Congress to raise taxes?"
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1992 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "Increasing the income taxes of those with incomes over $100,000."
  • "Eliminate tax abatements, exemptions and discounts for the few preferred businesses, unions and individuals, and cut the tax rates paid by all." (votesmart.org)
  • Ken Proctor. The Detroit News: Election 2008 Michigan Voter Guide. Answered: "To raise taxes now would be like driving a stake through the heart of the American economy. While Washington and even our state leaders, continue to increase spending, they have told us to just ""tighten your belts"". Well, there are no notches left in our belts! Neither Democrats or Republicans have a workable solution for our present problems, problems that they have created. We can not tax our way out of debt, we need to grow our way out economically" to the question: "Do you support an increase in the federal income tax to reduce the federal deficits and debt? What is the highest tax rate you would support? If you don't support an increase in tax rates, what specific steps would you advocate to reduce the federal deficit and national debt? If you support cutting spending, which specific programs would you cut and by how much?" (apps.detnews.com)
  • Ken Proctor. Legislator & Candidate Bios: Ken Proctor. "We need to greatly reduce the tax burden on both citizens and businesses of our state." (michigan.onpolitix.com)
  • Ken Proctor. The Detroit News: Election 2008 Michigan Voter Guide. "We cannot tax out way out of this or any other economic problem created by Washington. Doing so will be a death blow to our economy. We need to get this economy moving by permanently exempting the first $20,000 dollars of personal and business income from federal taxation." (apps.detnews.com)
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "5) Do you support making President Bush's tax cuts permanent?" Budgetary, Spending, and Taxes, Part 3: Taxes (B) Other or expanded principles: "Push for term limits for US Congress & Senate. Move TAX DAY from April to November to coincide with November Elections."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1992 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "If you are elected to Congress, how will you confront the issue of the national debt? Raise personal income taxes for all citizens."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "5) Do you support making President Bush's tax cuts permanent?" Budgetary, Spending, and Taxes, Part 3: Taxes (B) Other or expanded principles: "End corporate welfare. Streamline Federal Government starting with a 10% across the board reduction. Make it a priority to eliminate Federal corruption and graft."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "3) Do you support eliminating the Internal Revenue Service?"
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1992 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "If you are elected to Congress, how will you confront the issue of the national debt? Raise corporate taxes."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "6) Do you support requiring a super-majority vote in both houses of Congress to raise taxes?"
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1992 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "Increasing the income taxes of those with incomes over $100,000."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1992 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "If you are elected to Congress, how will you confront the issue of the national debt? Raise personal income taxes for citizens with incomes over $100,000."
  • Ken Proctor. The Detroit News: Election 2008 Michigan Voter Guide. Answered: "To raise taxes now would be like driving a stake through the heart of the American economy. While Washington and even our state leaders, continue to increase spending, they have told us to just ""tighten your belts"". Well, there are no notches left in our belts! Neither Democrats or Republicans have a workable solution for our present problems, problems that they have created. We can not tax our way out of debt, we need to grow our way out economically" to the question: "Do you support an increase in the federal income tax to reduce the federal deficits and debt? What is the highest tax rate you would support? If you don't support an increase in tax rates, what specific steps would you advocate to reduce the federal deficit and national debt? If you support cutting spending, which specific programs would you cut and by how much?" (apps.detnews.com)
  • Ken Proctor. Legislator & Candidate Bios: Ken Proctor. "We need to greatly reduce the tax burden on both citizens and businesses of our state." (michigan.onpolitix.com)
  • Ken Proctor. The Detroit News: Election 2008 Michigan Voter Guide. "We cannot tax out way out of this or any other economic problem created by Washington. Doing so will be a death blow to our economy. We need to get this economy moving by permanently exempting the first $20,000 dollars of personal and business income from federal taxation." (apps.detnews.com)
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "5) Do you support making President Bush's tax cuts permanent?" Budgetary, Spending, and Taxes, Part 3: Taxes (B) Other or expanded principles: "Push for term limits for US Congress & Senate. Move TAX DAY from April to November to coincide with November Elections."
No Inferred Answer Economy: Do you support federal spending as a means of promoting economic growth? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1992 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Support" for: "Which of the following measures designed to address the issue of unemployment do you support or oppose? Federal investment in America's infrastructure."
  • Ken Proctor. Legislator & Candidate Bios: Ken Proctor. "We need to get government out of the way so private sector jobs can be created. Our state government even now is blocking the creation of jobs in energy, mining and timber, through excessive and arbitrary regulations that change at bureaucratic whims. The state can't create jobs, but it can and has created a toxic environment that has destroyed jobs." (michigan.onpolitix.com)
  • Ken Proctor. Issue Position: Stop Spending Our Grandchildren's Money. "Since our Federal Government can't scrape by on the $2.5+ trillion that they take from us every year, we've accumulated a national debt that is approaching $10 trillion, or $30,000+ per person. We're paying interest on this debt, and someday soon the interest rate will be much higher. Act now to cut spending, and rescue our grandchildren from a mountain of debt." (votesmart.org)
  • Ken Proctor. Issue Position: Stop Spending Our Money. "About $3 trillion per year now, or about $10,000 per person per year. Michiganders have cut spending in this poor economy. Government should do the same." (votesmart.org)
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1992 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Support" for: "Which of the following measures designed to address the issue of unemployment do you support or oppose? Federal investment in America's infrastructure."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1992 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "If you are elected to Congress, how will you confront the issue of the national debt? Reduce governmental domestic spending." If you are elected to Congress, how will you confront the issue of the national debt? Other or expanded principles: "We need to place a cap on current levels and phase out our foreign govt. aid to international organizations like the World Bank, IMF..."
  • "About $3 trillion per year now, or about $10,000 per person per year. Michiganders have cut spending in this poor economy. Government should do the same." (votesmart.org)
  • Ken Proctor. Legislator & Candidate Bios: Ken Proctor. "We need to get government out of the way so private sector jobs can be created. Our state government even now is blocking the creation of jobs in energy, mining and timber, through excessive and arbitrary regulations that change at bureaucratic whims. The state can't create jobs, but it can and has created a toxic environment that has destroyed jobs." (michigan.onpolitix.com)
  • Ken Proctor. Issue Position: Stop Spending Our Grandchildren's Money. "Since our Federal Government can't scrape by on the $2.5+ trillion that they take from us every year, we've accumulated a national debt that is approaching $10 trillion, or $30,000+ per person. We're paying interest on this debt, and someday soon the interest rate will be much higher. Act now to cut spending, and rescue our grandchildren from a mountain of debt." (votesmart.org)
  • Ken Proctor. Issue Position: Stop Spending Our Money. "About $3 trillion per year now, or about $10,000 per person per year. Michiganders have cut spending in this poor economy. Government should do the same." (votesmart.org)
  • "About $3 trillion per year now, or about $10,000 per person per year. Michiganders have cut spending in this poor economy. Government should do the same." (votesmart.org)
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1992 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "If you are elected to Congress, how will you confront the issue of the national debt? Reduce governmental domestic spending." If you are elected to Congress, how will you confront the issue of the national debt? Other or expanded principles: "We need to place a cap on current levels and phase out our foreign govt. aid to international organizations like the World Bank, IMF..."
No Inferred Answer Education: Do you support requiring states to implement education reforms in order to be eligible for competitive federal grants? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Support national standards for and testing of public school students."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Support national standards and testing of public school students."
  • "I will work tirelessly to restore the 9th and 10th Amendments, to get Washington out of your life, and to give control back to our local officials." (votesmart.org)
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "State" for: "Indicate which level of government should have primary responsibility for the following services. Select one level only. 3) Education"
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "i) Eliminate restrictions on federal education funding, giving educators or local school districts more flexibility to design and implement their programs." Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning education. Other or expanded principles: "Parents are ultimately responsible for their childrens education and therefore should have full authority to decide where and how they are educated."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Decrease" for: "Using the key, indicate what federal funding levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once. [?] d) Education" Budget Priorities Other or expanded principles: "Greatly increase. Better allocatioin of present funds"
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Eliminate" for: "1) Indicate what levels of federal funding you support for the following categories. Select one number (level) only. c) Education (K-12)" 1) Indicate what levels of federal funding you support for the following categories. Select one number (level) only. Other or expanded principles: "DEA -- Eliminate"
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Decrease" for: "Using the key, indicate what federal funding levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category. d) Education" Budget Priorities Other or expanded principles: "Eliminate corporate welfare and subsidies"
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Local" for: "Indicate which level of government that should have primary responsibility for the following services. Select one level only. c) Education"
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Decrease" for: "Indicate what federal funding levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once. d) Education" 1) Budget Priorities Other or expanded principles: "Eliminate all corporate welfare starting with corporations whose assets total over one billion dollars. Eliminate corporate farm subsidies that needlessly inflate food prices in America and are no benefit for Americas small farmers."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1992 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "If elected to Congress, which of the following proposals designed to change our nations' public education system will you support? National curricula and standards."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1992 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "If elected to Congress, which of the following proposals designed to change our nations' public education system will you support? Increased national testing."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "2) Do you support the use of block grants given to states, rather than federal spending, in the following areas? b) Education"
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "j) Support federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students (No Child Left Behind)."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Eliminate" for: "1) Indicate what levels of federal funding you support for the following categories. Select one number (level) only. c) Education (K-12)" 1) Indicate what levels of federal funding you support for the following categories. Select one number (level) only. Other or expanded principles: "FBI -- Eliminate"
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Support national standards and testing in reading and math."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Eliminate" for: "1) Indicate what changes you support (if any) concerning levels of federal funding for the following categories. Select one number only. c) Education (K-12)" 1) Indicate what changes you support (if any) concerning levels of federal funding for the following categories. Select one number only. Other or expanded principles: "DEA/ATF "
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "k) Eliminate all federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students (No Child Left Behind)." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding education. Other or expanded principles: "The Department of Education has not "educated" a single child, yet it consumes a huge amount of monetary resources that could be better used at the state and local level for education. The No Child Left Behind Act should be repealed. It was an overreach by the federal government in matters that should be strictly under State and Local control. In too many cases NCLB has done more damage than good."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "e) Eliminate the Department of Education, thereby giving state and local government greater control over educational issues."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Support national standards for and testing of public school students."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Give all federal education funding to states in the form of block grants and allow them to spend it as they see fit."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Support national standards and testing of public school students."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Eliminate" for: "1) Indicate what levels of federal funding you support for the following categories. Select one number (level) only. c) Education (K-12)" 1) Indicate what levels of federal funding you support for the following categories. Select one number (level) only. Other or expanded principles: "BATF -- Eliminate"
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "j) Providing education is not a responsibility of the federal government." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding education. Other or expanded principles: "Parents are ultimately responsible for their childrens education and therefore should have full autority over educational choices."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Eliminate" for: "1) Indicate what changes you support (if any) concerning levels of federal funding for the following categories. Select one number only. c) Education (K-12)" 1) Indicate what changes you support (if any) concerning levels of federal funding for the following categories. Select one number only. Other or expanded principles: "IRS "
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Support the federal government funding universal pre-K programs."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Eliminate" for: "1) Indicate what changes you support (if any) concerning levels of federal funding for the following categories. Select one number only. c) Education (K-12)" 1) Indicate what changes you support (if any) concerning levels of federal funding for the following categories. Select one number only. Other or expanded principles: "Cabinets "
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Support national standards for and testing of public school students."
  • "I will work tirelessly to restore the 9th and 10th Amendments, to get Washington out of your life, and to give control back to our local officials." (votesmart.org)
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "State" for: "Indicate which level of government should have primary responsibility for the following services. Select one level only. 3) Education"
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "i) Eliminate restrictions on federal education funding, giving educators or local school districts more flexibility to design and implement their programs." Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning education. Other or expanded principles: "Parents are ultimately responsible for their childrens education and therefore should have full authority to decide where and how they are educated."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Decrease" for: "Using the key, indicate what federal funding levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once. [?] d) Education" Budget Priorities Other or expanded principles: "Greatly increase. Better allocatioin of present funds"
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Eliminate" for: "1) Indicate what levels of federal funding you support for the following categories. Select one number (level) only. c) Education (K-12)" 1) Indicate what levels of federal funding you support for the following categories. Select one number (level) only. Other or expanded principles: "DEA -- Eliminate"
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Decrease" for: "Using the key, indicate what federal funding levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category. d) Education" Budget Priorities Other or expanded principles: "Eliminate corporate welfare and subsidies"
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Local" for: "Indicate which level of government that should have primary responsibility for the following services. Select one level only. c) Education"
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Decrease" for: "Indicate what federal funding levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once. d) Education" 1) Budget Priorities Other or expanded principles: "Eliminate all corporate welfare starting with corporations whose assets total over one billion dollars. Eliminate corporate farm subsidies that needlessly inflate food prices in America and are no benefit for Americas small farmers."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1992 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "If elected to Congress, which of the following proposals designed to change our nations' public education system will you support? National curricula and standards."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1992 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "If elected to Congress, which of the following proposals designed to change our nations' public education system will you support? Increased national testing."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "2) Do you support the use of block grants given to states, rather than federal spending, in the following areas? b) Education"
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "j) Support federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students (No Child Left Behind)."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Eliminate" for: "1) Indicate what levels of federal funding you support for the following categories. Select one number (level) only. c) Education (K-12)" 1) Indicate what levels of federal funding you support for the following categories. Select one number (level) only. Other or expanded principles: "FBI -- Eliminate"
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Support national standards and testing in reading and math."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Eliminate" for: "1) Indicate what changes you support (if any) concerning levels of federal funding for the following categories. Select one number only. c) Education (K-12)" 1) Indicate what changes you support (if any) concerning levels of federal funding for the following categories. Select one number only. Other or expanded principles: "DEA/ATF "
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "k) Eliminate all federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students (No Child Left Behind)." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding education. Other or expanded principles: "The Department of Education has not "educated" a single child, yet it consumes a huge amount of monetary resources that could be better used at the state and local level for education. The No Child Left Behind Act should be repealed. It was an overreach by the federal government in matters that should be strictly under State and Local control. In too many cases NCLB has done more damage than good."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "e) Eliminate the Department of Education, thereby giving state and local government greater control over educational issues."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Give all federal education funding to states in the form of block grants and allow them to spend it as they see fit."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Support national standards for and testing of public school students."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Eliminate" for: "1) Indicate what changes you support (if any) concerning levels of federal funding for the following categories. Select one number only. c) Education (K-12)" 1) Indicate what changes you support (if any) concerning levels of federal funding for the following categories. Select one number only. Other or expanded principles: "Cabinets "
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Support the federal government funding universal pre-K programs."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Eliminate" for: "1) Indicate what changes you support (if any) concerning levels of federal funding for the following categories. Select one number only. c) Education (K-12)" 1) Indicate what changes you support (if any) concerning levels of federal funding for the following categories. Select one number only. Other or expanded principles: "IRS "
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "j) Providing education is not a responsibility of the federal government." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding education. Other or expanded principles: "Parents are ultimately responsible for their childrens education and therefore should have full autority over educational choices."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Eliminate" for: "1) Indicate what levels of federal funding you support for the following categories. Select one number (level) only. c) Education (K-12)" 1) Indicate what levels of federal funding you support for the following categories. Select one number (level) only. Other or expanded principles: "BATF -- Eliminate"
No Inferred Answer Energy: Do you support building the Keystone XL pipeline? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • " Property owners must have full rights to their property, so conservation groups can protect vital areas without fear of eminent domain abuses or political whim." (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Environment: Do you support the federal regulation of greenhouse gas emissions? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "l) Support the U.S. re-entering the Kyoto treaty process to limit global warming."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "j) Impose stricter national air quality standards."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "i) Promote the selling of pollution credits between nations to encourage industries to decrease pollution levels."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "i) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline or diesel powered engines, including cars and trucks."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "d) Eliminate government regulations of the private sector in order to encourage investment and economic expansion." Indicate which principles you support regarding unemployment. Other or expanded principles: "Eliminate income taxes thereby giving a boost to job market. "
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline or diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "k) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Support Clear Skies Act to reduce power plant emissions by setting a national cap on pollutants."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "j) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits under "cap and trade" laws."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "l) Promote the selling of pollution credits to encourage industries to decrease amount of pollution."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "l) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits."
  • "While other candidates propose massive subsidies and government control, we must put the power in the hands of the people, not the bureaucrats. Property owners must have full rights to their property, so conservation groups can protect vital areas without fear of eminent domain abuses or political whim. Private investment in alternative energy must be allowed without the mountains of red tape and endless litigation. We should untie the hands of auto manufacturers who have been micromanaged by an alphabet soup of federal agencies." (votesmart.org)
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Strengthen emission controls and fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Support the U.S. re-entering the current Kyoto treaty process to limit global warming."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline or diesel powered engines, including cars and trucks."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "k) Adhere to the United Nations treaty regarding global climate change."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "m) Support the Kyoto Protocol to limit global warming."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "h) Strengthen emission controls and fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "l) Support the U.S. re-entering the Kyoto treaty process to limit global warming."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "j) Impose stricter national air quality standards."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "i) Promote the selling of pollution credits between nations to encourage industries to decrease pollution levels."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "i) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline or diesel powered engines, including cars and trucks."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "d) Eliminate government regulations of the private sector in order to encourage investment and economic expansion." Indicate which principles you support regarding unemployment. Other or expanded principles: "Eliminate income taxes thereby giving a boost to job market. "
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline or diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "k) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Support Clear Skies Act to reduce power plant emissions by setting a national cap on pollutants."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "j) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits under "cap and trade" laws."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "l) Promote the selling of pollution credits to encourage industries to decrease amount of pollution."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "l) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits."
  • "While other candidates propose massive subsidies and government control, we must put the power in the hands of the people, not the bureaucrats. Property owners must have full rights to their property, so conservation groups can protect vital areas without fear of eminent domain abuses or political whim. Private investment in alternative energy must be allowed without the mountains of red tape and endless litigation. We should untie the hands of auto manufacturers who have been micromanaged by an alphabet soup of federal agencies." (votesmart.org)
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Strengthen emission controls and fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Support the U.S. re-entering the current Kyoto treaty process to limit global warming."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline or diesel powered engines, including cars and trucks."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "k) Adhere to the United Nations treaty regarding global climate change."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "h) Strengthen emission controls and fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "m) Support the Kyoto Protocol to limit global warming."
No Inferred Answer Guns: Do you support restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns." Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning gun issues. Other or expanded principles: "The right to defend ones self and ones family should be beyond question. The means to defend ones self or ones family should not be restricted."
  • "I fully support the Second Amendment, and will not support any restrictions on our rights to defend ourselves." (votesmart.org)
  • Ken Proctor. Issue Position: Restore the Bill of Rights. "I fully support the Second Amendment, and will not support any restrictions on our rights to defend ourselves." (votesmart.org)
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "f) Allow law-abiding citizens to carry concealed firearms that are legally owned and registered."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Ban the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Repeal all bans and measures that restrict law-abiding citizens from owning legally-obtained firearms."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Implement tighter restrictions on firearm sales in an effort to hinder terrorist groups from stockpiling weapon arsenals."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Decrease" for: "On (c) and (d), indicate what levels (#1-6) you support for the following categories. d) Restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns." On (c) and (d), indicate what levels (#1-6) you support for the following categories. Other or expanded principles: "I believe one of the reasons the 2nd Amendment was placed in the Bill of Rights, was so that individuals would have to means to defend their freedoms, even against their own government when necessary. Freedom is about ownership and control of one's own life and future. Government has historically been Freedom's greatest enemy."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Increase federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns." Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning gun issues. Other or expanded principles: "The right to defend ones self and ones family should be beyond question. The means to defend ones self or ones family should not be restricted."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Ban the sale, ownership or possession of handguns except by law enforcement and other government officials."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Renew the ban on the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding guns. Other or expanded principles: "In restricting the means of self defence; government minimizes the value of the lives of it's citizens. Freedom, without the means to maintain it is easily taken from the people."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding guns. Other or expanded principles: "In restricting the means of self defence; government minimizes the value of the lives of it's citizens. Freedom, without the means to maintain it is easily taken from the people."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Require a license for gun possession."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "i) Raise the minimum age for ownership of handguns from 18 to 21."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding guns. Other or expanded principles: "In restricting the means of self defence; government minimizes the value of the lives of it's citizens. Freedom, without the means to maintain it is easily taken from the people."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "h) Require a license for gun possession."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1992 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Strongly Oppose" for: "A ban on the sale and possession of assault-style semiautomatic weapons." Which of the following anti-crime measures do you support or oppose? Other or expanded principles: "National, on the spot, background check for people who want to buy handguns."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "e) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms by law-abiding citizens."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Increase restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Decrease" for: "On (c) and (d), indicate what levels (#1-6) you support for the following categories. c) Enforcement of existing restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns." On (c) and (d), indicate what levels (#1-6) you support for the following categories. Other or expanded principles: "I believe one of the reasons the 2nd Amendment was placed in the Bill of Rights, was so that individuals would have to means to defend their freedoms, even against their own government when necessary. Freedom is about ownership and control of one's own life and future. Government has historically been Freedom's greatest enemy."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1992 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Oppose" for: "A mandatory waiting period before the purchase of a handgun." Which of the following anti-crime measures do you support or oppose? Other or expanded principles: "National, on the spot, background check for people who want to buy handguns."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding guns. Other or expanded principles: "Homeland security should not be about making Americans defenseless."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Maintain and strengthen the current level of enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "d) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Reauthorize the ban on the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Expand the nationwide ban on the sale or transfer of assault weapons to include all forms of semi-automatic weapons."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns." Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning gun issues. Other or expanded principles: "The right to defend ones self and ones family should be beyond question. The means to defend ones self or ones family should not be restricted."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Ease procedures on the purchase and registration of firearms."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Ban the sale or transfer of all forms of semi-automatic weapons."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Allow individuals to carry concealed guns."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding guns. Other or expanded principles: "Homeland security should not be about making Americans defenseless."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Maintain and strengthen the enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding guns. Other or expanded principles: "Homeland security should not be about making Americans defenseless."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Maintain all federal registration procedures and restrictions on possessing firearms."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Maintain and strengthen the current level of enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "f) Favor allowing citizens to carry concealed firearms."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Maintain federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "h) Require a license for gun possession."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns." Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning gun issues. Other or expanded principles: "The right to defend ones self and ones family should be beyond question. The means to defend ones self or ones family should not be restricted."
  • "I fully support the Second Amendment, and will not support any restrictions on our rights to defend ourselves." (votesmart.org)
  • Ken Proctor. Issue Position: Restore the Bill of Rights. "I fully support the Second Amendment, and will not support any restrictions on our rights to defend ourselves." (votesmart.org)
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "f) Allow law-abiding citizens to carry concealed firearms that are legally owned and registered."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Ban the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Repeal all bans and measures that restrict law-abiding citizens from owning legally-obtained firearms."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Implement tighter restrictions on firearm sales in an effort to hinder terrorist groups from stockpiling weapon arsenals."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Decrease" for: "On (c) and (d), indicate what levels (#1-6) you support for the following categories. d) Restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns." On (c) and (d), indicate what levels (#1-6) you support for the following categories. Other or expanded principles: "I believe one of the reasons the 2nd Amendment was placed in the Bill of Rights, was so that individuals would have to means to defend their freedoms, even against their own government when necessary. Freedom is about ownership and control of one's own life and future. Government has historically been Freedom's greatest enemy."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Increase federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns." Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning gun issues. Other or expanded principles: "The right to defend ones self and ones family should be beyond question. The means to defend ones self or ones family should not be restricted."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Ban the sale, ownership or possession of handguns except by law enforcement and other government officials."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Renew the ban on the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding guns. Other or expanded principles: "In restricting the means of self defence; government minimizes the value of the lives of it's citizens. Freedom, without the means to maintain it is easily taken from the people."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding guns. Other or expanded principles: "In restricting the means of self defence; government minimizes the value of the lives of it's citizens. Freedom, without the means to maintain it is easily taken from the people."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Require a license for gun possession."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "i) Raise the minimum age for ownership of handguns from 18 to 21."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding guns. Other or expanded principles: "In restricting the means of self defence; government minimizes the value of the lives of it's citizens. Freedom, without the means to maintain it is easily taken from the people."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "h) Require a license for gun possession."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1992 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Strongly Oppose" for: "A ban on the sale and possession of assault-style semiautomatic weapons." Which of the following anti-crime measures do you support or oppose? Other or expanded principles: "National, on the spot, background check for people who want to buy handguns."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "e) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms by law-abiding citizens."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Increase restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Greatly Decrease" for: "On (c) and (d), indicate what levels (#1-6) you support for the following categories. c) Enforcement of existing restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns." On (c) and (d), indicate what levels (#1-6) you support for the following categories. Other or expanded principles: "I believe one of the reasons the 2nd Amendment was placed in the Bill of Rights, was so that individuals would have to means to defend their freedoms, even against their own government when necessary. Freedom is about ownership and control of one's own life and future. Government has historically been Freedom's greatest enemy."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1992 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Oppose" for: "A mandatory waiting period before the purchase of a handgun." Which of the following anti-crime measures do you support or oppose? Other or expanded principles: "National, on the spot, background check for people who want to buy handguns."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding guns. Other or expanded principles: "Homeland security should not be about making Americans defenseless."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Maintain and strengthen the current level of enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "d) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Reauthorize the ban on the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Expand the nationwide ban on the sale or transfer of assault weapons to include all forms of semi-automatic weapons."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns." Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning gun issues. Other or expanded principles: "The right to defend ones self and ones family should be beyond question. The means to defend ones self or ones family should not be restricted."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "d) Ease procedures on the purchase and registration of firearms."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Ban the sale or transfer of all forms of semi-automatic weapons."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Allow individuals to carry concealed guns."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding guns. Other or expanded principles: "Homeland security should not be about making Americans defenseless."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Maintain and strengthen the enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding guns. Other or expanded principles: "Homeland security should not be about making Americans defenseless."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Maintain all federal registration procedures and restrictions on possessing firearms."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Maintain and strengthen the current level of enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "f) Favor allowing citizens to carry concealed firearms."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "c) Maintain federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "h) Require a license for gun possession."
Yes Inferred Answer Health Care: Do you support repealing the 2010 Affordable Care Act? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "Government adds to the cost of every segment of our Health Care System.* We need to remove as much of that unnecessary cost as possible. " (votesmart.org)
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) The federal government has no responsibility in providing health care."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1992 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "Do you consider the fact that many Americans do not have health insurance to be a problem, and if so, please note which of the following proposals you favor? No reform necessary at this time."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health care. Other or expanded principles: "Deregulate the Health Care System. Government regulation of insurance, drugs & Medical Devices, Health Care Professionals, Hospitals & clinics unnecessarily add $169 Billion to the cost of H.C."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "i) The federal government has no responsibility in providing health care."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1992 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "Implementation of a "play or pay" program where employers must enroll their employees and families in a basic health plan or contribute to a public fund that will provide health care for everyone without coverage."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1992 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "Elimination of private insurance in favor of a program administered and paid for by the federal government and run by the states, similar to the health care system in Canada."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Providing healthcare is not a responsibility of the federal government." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health. Other or expanded principles: "Remove government barriers to increased competition within the health care industry. Make personal health care insurance choices avalable across state lines. Make all personal expenses for health care insurance and prescription drugs, 100% tax deductable. Eliminate government micromanaging regulation that inflates the cost of health care and prescription drugs that double their cost her in America."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Implement a universal healthcare program to guarantee coverage to all Americans, regardless of income."
  • Ken Proctor. 2012 US Congress District 07 Voter's Guide. 05 October 2012. Responded "Obamacare is a monster of mandates, tax increases, and government intrusion into the private sector that will kill competition, price transparency and innovation. We need to reduce federal mandates, and regulations and eliminate the barriers that keep health insurance from being offered across state lines. Americans have become an unhealthy lot, with 75% of us overweight and about a third of us obese. Americans are overfeed and undernourished. There are better answers." to the question "HEALTH CARE: What is your position on affordable health care for all?" (onyourballot.vote411.org)
  • "Government adds to the cost of every segment of our Health Care System.* We need to remove as much of that unnecessary cost as possible. " (votesmart.org)
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) The federal government has no responsibility in providing health care."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1992 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "Do you consider the fact that many Americans do not have health insurance to be a problem, and if so, please note which of the following proposals you favor? No reform necessary at this time."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health care. Other or expanded principles: "Deregulate the Health Care System. Government regulation of insurance, drugs & Medical Devices, Health Care Professionals, Hospitals & clinics unnecessarily add $169 Billion to the cost of H.C."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "i) The federal government has no responsibility in providing health care."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1992 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "Implementation of a "play or pay" program where employers must enroll their employees and families in a basic health plan or contribute to a public fund that will provide health care for everyone without coverage."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1992 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "Elimination of private insurance in favor of a program administered and paid for by the federal government and run by the states, similar to the health care system in Canada."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "g) Providing healthcare is not a responsibility of the federal government." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health. Other or expanded principles: "Remove government barriers to increased competition within the health care industry. Make personal health care insurance choices avalable across state lines. Make all personal expenses for health care insurance and prescription drugs, 100% tax deductable. Eliminate government micromanaging regulation that inflates the cost of health care and prescription drugs that double their cost her in America."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "a) Implement a universal healthcare program to guarantee coverage to all Americans, regardless of income."
  • Ken Proctor. 2012 US Congress District 07 Voter's Guide. 05 October 2012. Responded "Obamacare is a monster of mandates, tax increases, and government intrusion into the private sector that will kill competition, price transparency and innovation. We need to reduce federal mandates, and regulations and eliminate the barriers that keep health insurance from being offered across state lines. Americans have become an unhealthy lot, with 75% of us overweight and about a third of us obese. Americans are overfeed and undernourished. There are better answers." to the question "HEALTH CARE: What is your position on affordable health care for all?" (onyourballot.vote411.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Immigration: Do you support requiring illegal immigrants to return to their country of origin before they are eligible for citizenship? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Support amnesty for illegal immigrants already working in the United States."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Children of illegal immigrants, born in the United States, should not automatically receive US citizenship."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Illegal immigrants should be given a pathway to citizenship."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Allow legalization for certain illegal immigrants working in the U.S."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "c) Ease citizenship requirements in order to make it easier for immigrants to become United States citizens."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Support amnesty for illegal immigrants already working in the United States."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Illegal immigrants should have to return to their countries of origin before being considered for citizenship."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Support amnesty for certain illegal immigrants who already reside in the United States."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Support amnesty for illegal immigrants already working in the United States."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Children of illegal immigrants, born in the United States, should not automatically receive U.S. citizenship."
  • Ken Proctor. The Detroit News: Election 2008 Michigan Voter Guide. "Our immigration problems are largely due to the socialist policies of our government in mandating that illegals have access to American social programs, education, medical care, etc. If we address these issues, we can reduce illegal immigration problems. We need to expand temporary worker programs, but we also need to make sure we are not displacing American citizens who are willing to fill some of these jobs. Most of the problems associated with the need of seasonal workers is created by too many government mandates over pay and hiring practices." (apps.detnews.com)
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Children of illegal immigrants, born in the United States, should not automatically receive US citizenship."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Illegal immigrants should be given a pathway to citizenship."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "g) Allow legalization for certain illegal immigrants working in the U.S."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1996 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "c) Ease citizenship requirements in order to make it easier for immigrants to become United States citizens."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Support amnesty for illegal immigrants already working in the United States."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Illegal immigrants should have to return to their countries of origin before being considered for citizenship."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "e) Support amnesty for certain illegal immigrants who already reside in the United States."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "f) Children of illegal immigrants, born in the United States, should not automatically receive U.S. citizenship."
  • Ken Proctor. The Detroit News: Election 2008 Michigan Voter Guide. "Our immigration problems are largely due to the socialist policies of our government in mandating that illegals have access to American social programs, education, medical care, etc. If we address these issues, we can reduce illegal immigration problems. We need to expand temporary worker programs, but we also need to make sure we are not displacing American citizens who are willing to fill some of these jobs. Most of the problems associated with the need of seasonal workers is created by too many government mandates over pay and hiring practices." (apps.detnews.com)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Marriage: Do you support same-sex marriage? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "j) Should same-sex couples be allowed to form civil unions?" Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance and government reform. Other or expanded principles: "Eliminate taxpayer funding for political conventions and races. Convention propaganda is bad but taxpayers getting the bill is worse."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "i) Do you support a constitutional amendment that would define marriage as a union between a man and woman?" Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance and government reform. Other or expanded principles: "Eliminate barriers that restrict competition in political races. Mandate the addition of NOTA (None of the above) on all Ballots for Federal Office."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "Yes" for: "j) Should same-sex couples be allowed to form civil unions?" Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance and government reform. Other or expanded principles: "Eliminate taxpayer funding for political conventions and races. Convention propaganda is bad but taxpayers getting the bill is worse."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "i) Do you support a constitutional amendment that would define marriage as a union between a man and woman?" Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance and government reform. Other or expanded principles: "Eliminate barriers that restrict competition in political races. Mandate the addition of NOTA (None of the above) on all Ballots for Federal Office."
No Inferred Answer National Security: Do you support targeting suspected terrorists outside of official theaters of conflict? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "e) Do you support pre-emptive military strikes against countries deemed to be a threat to United States national security?" Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding national security. Other or expanded principles: "National Guard troops should never leave American soil. The missile defense sheild doesn't actually work yet. Unlike the democrats and the republicans, Libertarians oppose the National ID card, complete with its radio frequency chip (RFID). We are not cattle, owned by the U.S. government, to be forced to carry their mark. Read REVELATION 13:16 in the Bible."
  • "American soldiers are dying in Iraq. They are dying in Afghanistan. They are stationed in 50 other countries around the world. Our war spending is approaching a trillion dollars. We must cut spending everywhere, but especially here. We must get our soldiers home, and back into our schools, our businesses, and our families. We must strongly defend the US, NOT authoritarian regimes and oil companies abroad." (votesmart.org)
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "f) Do you support a policy of pre-emptive strikes against countries deemed to be a threat to national security?" Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding national security. Other or expanded principles: "Making America a Police State will not make us any safer. Pre-emptive strike are morally bankrupt."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "e) Do you support pre-emptive military strikes against countries deemed to be a threat to United States national security?" Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding national security. Other or expanded principles: "National Guard troops should never leave American soil. The missile defense sheild doesn't actually work yet. Unlike the democrats and the republicans, Libertarians oppose the National ID card, complete with its radio frequency chip (RFID). We are not cattle, owned by the U.S. government, to be forced to carry their mark. Read REVELATION 13:16 in the Bible."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "No" for: "f) Do you support a policy of pre-emptive strikes against countries deemed to be a threat to national security?" Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding national security. Other or expanded principles: "Making America a Police State will not make us any safer. Pre-emptive strike are morally bankrupt."
  • "American soldiers are dying in Iraq. They are dying in Afghanistan. They are stationed in 50 other countries around the world. Our war spending is approaching a trillion dollars. We must cut spending everywhere, but especially here. We must get our soldiers home, and back into our schools, our businesses, and our families. We must strongly defend the US, NOT authoritarian regimes and oil companies abroad." (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Social Security: Do you support allowing individuals to divert a portion of their Social Security taxes into personal retirement accounts? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Ken Proctor. The Detroit News: Election 2008 Michigan Voter Guide. "Social Security is a contract that the federal government forced on taxpayers and they need to honor that contract even if it means spending cuts in areas like foreign aide and our unending wars. Unless we change the way Washington has been operating the last 50 years, Social Security as we know it now is not sustainable. In less than 10 years Social Security will pay out more than it brings in. Democrats and Republicans have known that one day this system would fail, yet they ignored the problem. I would support allowing younger workers to invest in accounts that remain under their control." (apps.detnews.com)
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Social Security. Other or expanded principles: "Privatize S.S. but make the new system optional for individuals. Give people a choice in their own financial futures."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "X" for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts that they manage themselves." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Social Security. Other or expanded principles: "Thanks to the corruption in Washington, in less than ten years our Social Security system will go broke. We need to shift ownership of Social Security away from government control and give that ownership to individuals, much like what was done in Chile. The Democrats and Republicans made a promise, and if it means cutting government waste, corruption and international meddling in order to fulfill that promise, then so be it. By increasing the age of recipients hoping more die before they can collect, or by reducing benefits of people alreadys struggling to live, is not just immoral, it's criminal."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Social Security. Other or expanded principles: "We need to move toward privatization with the use of private annuities to pay to the people presently on Social Security and those who are near retirement. Expand medical savings accounts for everyone."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Social Security. Other or expanded principles: "All S.S. benefits should be tax free at all levels of government. Guarantee existing payments while promoting and expanding personal savings accounts as a voluntary option."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which are managed by the government."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government."
  • Ken Proctor. The Detroit News: Election 2008 Michigan Voter Guide. "Social Security is a contract that the federal government forced on taxpayers and they need to honor that contract even if it means spending cuts in areas like foreign aide and our unending wars. Unless we change the way Washington has been operating the last 50 years, Social Security as we know it now is not sustainable. In less than 10 years Social Security will pay out more than it brings in. Democrats and Republicans have known that one day this system would fail, yet they ignored the problem. I would support allowing younger workers to invest in accounts that remain under their control." (apps.detnews.com)
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Social Security. Other or expanded principles: "We need to move toward private ownership and control of our own social security accounts."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Social Security. Other or expanded principles: "Privatize S.S. but make the new system optional for individuals. Give people a choice in their own financial futures."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2008 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected "X" for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts that they manage themselves." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Social Security. Other or expanded principles: "Thanks to the corruption in Washington, in less than ten years our Social Security system will go broke. We need to shift ownership of Social Security away from government control and give that ownership to individuals, much like what was done in Chile. The Democrats and Republicans made a promise, and if it means cutting government waste, corruption and international meddling in order to fulfill that promise, then so be it. By increasing the age of recipients hoping more die before they can collect, or by reducing benefits of people alreadys struggling to live, is not just immoral, it's criminal."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Social Security. Other or expanded principles: "We need to move toward privatization with the use of private annuities to pay to the people presently on Social Security and those who are near retirement. Expand medical savings accounts for everyone."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2002 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Social Security. Other or expanded principles: "All S.S. benefits should be tax free at all levels of government. Guarantee existing payments while promoting and expanding personal savings accounts as a voluntary option."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 1998 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which are managed by the government."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2006 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Did Not Check SUPPORT for: "b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government."
  • Kenneth Proctor. Project Vote Smart: 2004 Michigan Congressional Political Courage Test. Checked SUPPORT for: "a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves." Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Social Security. Other or expanded principles: "We need to move toward private ownership and control of our own social security accounts."

Key

Candidate Answer

Official Position: Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.

Inferred Answer

Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Project Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.

Unknown Answer

Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue.

Project Vote Smart's Research: Click on this icon to reveal more information about this candidate's position.

Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as the candidate has submitted it. Project Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

Michigan Congressional Election 2012 Political Courage Test

This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.

Pro-choiceCandidate AnswerDo you generally support pro-choice or pro-life legislation?
Other or expanded principles

I believe reproductive issues are not the Constitutional realm of the Federal government.

NoCandidate AnswerDo you support United States' combat operations in Afghanistan?
YesDo you support a timetable for withdrawal from Afghanistan?
Other or expanded principles

We should bring all of our troops home now. Afghanistan is too corrupt... all of our spent taxpayer money and spilled blood will be in vain.

Indicate which proposals you support (if any) for balancing the federal budget.
In order to balance the budget,
YesCandidate Answerdo you support reducing defense spending?
NoCandidate Answerdo you support an income tax increase on any tax bracket?
Yesdo you support reducing Medicaid spending?
Yesdo you support reducing Medicare spending?
YesIs balancing the budget a legislative priority?
Other or expanded principles

End all of our wars now. Eliminate corporate welfare now.

YesDo you support the regulation of indirect campaign contributions from corporations and unions?
Other or expanded principles

Election are being bought by monied special interests. The average American has lost a lot of ground.

NoDo you support capital punishment for certain crimes?
Other or expanded principles

The criminal justice system is broken. There are too many corrupt lawyers, prosecutors, and judges to insure that innocent people aren't put to death.

NoCandidate AnswerDo you support federal spending as a means of promoting economic growth?
NoCandidate AnswerDo you support providing tax incentives to businesses for the purpose of job creation?
NoDo you support spending on infrastructure projects for the purpose of job creation?
NoDo you support the temporary extension of unemployment benefits?
YesDo you support the 2010 temporary extension of tax relief?
Other or expanded principles

Our country needs prosperity, but prosperity cannot flourish in an environment of war and foreign intervention.

NoCandidate AnswerDo you support requiring states to implement education reforms in order to be eligible for competitive federal grants?
Other or expanded principles

Eliminate the Dept. of Education and let the States decide what their education systems should look like.

YesCandidate AnswerDo you support reducing restrictions on offshore energy production?
Other or expanded principles

Providing that the energy producers are held accountable for any environmental damages they may cause.

YesDo you believe that human activity is contributing to climate change?
NoCandidate AnswerDo you support the federal regulation of greenhouse gas emissions?
Other or expanded principles

I do know that if the earth experiences another eruption from a super volcano, this whole issue becomes meaningless.

NoCandidate AnswerDo you support restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns?
Other or expanded principles

I'm a Life member of the NRA and a decorated Vietnam infantry veteran.

YesCandidate AnswerDo you support repealing the 2010 Affordable Care Act?
NoShould individuals be required to purchase health insurance, as mandated in the 2010 Affordable Care Act?
Other or expanded principles

The affordable care act is not affordable, it will increase costs, decrease care and have a negative affect on our economy.

NoCandidate AnswerDo you support requiring illegal immigrants to return to their country of origin before they are eligible for citizenship?
YesDo you support allowing illegal immigrants, who were brought to the United States as minors, to pursue citizenship without returning to their country of origin?
YesDo you support the enforcement of federal immigration law by state and local police?
Other or expanded principles

There is middle ground here for solutions that neither side of the issue had looked at. We need more legal immigration. I believe English should be our official language.

YesCandidate AnswerDo you support same-sex marriage?
Other or expanded principles

Marriage is not the proper constitutional realm of the federal government.

NoCandidate AnswerDo you support targeting suspected terrorists outside of official theaters of conflict?
NoShould the U.S use military force in order to prevent Iran from possessing a nuclear weapon?
Other or expanded principles

End our wars including the failed war on drugs and bring all of our troops home NOW.

YesCandidate AnswerDo you support allowing individuals to divert a portion of their Social Security taxes into personal retirement accounts?
Other or expanded principles

S.S. would not be an issue if we eliminated corporate welfare and reduce military spending globally.

Spending
Indicate what federal spending levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category; you can use a number more than once.
Greatly Decreasea) Agriculture
Eliminateb) Arts
Greatly Decreasec) Defense
Greatly Decreased) Education
Greatly Decreasee) Environment
Eliminatef) Homeland Security
Eliminateg) International aid
Greatly Decreaseh) Medical Research
Greatly Decreasei) Scientific Research
Greatly Decreasej) Space exploration
Greatly Decreasek) United Nations
Greatly Decreasel) Welfare
m) Other or expanded categories

Most of these expenses are better targeted at state and local levels.

Taxes
Indicate what federal tax levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category; you can use a number more than once.
Greatly Decreasea) Capital gains taxes
Greatly Decreaseb) Corporate taxes
Greatly Decreasec) Excise taxes (alcohol)
Greatly Decreased) Excise taxes (cigarettes)
Greatly Decreasee) Excise taxes (transportation fuel)
Greatly Decreasef) Income taxes (low-income families)
Greatly Decreaseg) Income taxes (middle-income families)
Slightly Decreaseh) Income taxes (high-income families)
Eliminatei) Inheritance taxes
Greatly Decreasej) Payroll taxes
k) Other or expanded categories

As a Libertarian I wish to see all taxes eventually eliminated. Moving in that direction I support going to the Fair tax and eliminating the IRS

Please explain in a total of 100 words or less, your top two or three priorities if elected. If they require additional funding for implementation, please explain how you would obtain this funding.

Voting for another Democrat or Republican will not change our status quo and it's path toward our continuing decline as a nation. It never has, it never will. The best of luck to everyone, our time is running short.

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