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Jim Reed's processing deadline has not passed. The result of Jim Reed's Political Courage Test will be released in upcoming weeks.
What is the Political Courage Test?
California Congressional Election 2012 Political Courage Test
This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.
- Official Position: Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.
- Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Project Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.
- Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue.
- Project Vote Smart's Research: Click on this icon to reveal more information about this candidate's position.