This candidate has demonstrated 0% courage during the test.
*Note: This percentage is calculated based on the number of issue areas addressed by the candidate on the Political Courage Test at the conclusion of the testing period. It does not indicate support or lack of support by Project Vote Smart.
In response to the increasing unwillingness of candidates to answer issue questions, Project Vote Smart has researched Presidential and Congressional candidates' public records to determine candidates' likely responses on certain key issues. These are provided below as a courtesy to voters.
Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.
Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Project Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.
Candidate refused to address this issue.
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This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding abortion.
|a) Abortions should always be illegal.|
|b) Abortions should always be legal.|
|c) Abortions should be legal only within the first trimester of pregnancy.|
|d) Abortions should be legal when the pregnancy resulted from incest or rape.|
|e) Abortions should be legal when the life of the woman is endangered.|
|f) Abortions should be subject to a mandatory waiting period.|
|g) Require clinics to give parental notification before performing abortions on minors.|
|h) Other or expanded principles|
Support current Supreme Court ruling & MT state laws.
State Budget: Indicate what state funding levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one level per category, you can use a number more than once.
|Slightly Increase||a) Education (Higher)|
|Slightly Increase||b) Education (K-12)|
|Maintain Status||c) Emergency preparedness|
|Maintain Status||d) Environment|
|Greatly Increase||e) Health care|
|Slightly Increase||f) Law enforcement|
|Maintain Status||g) Transportation and highway infrastructure|
|Maintain Status||h) Welfare|
|i) Other or expanded categories|
State Taxes: Indicate what state tax levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one level per category, you can use a number more than once.
|Maintain Status||a) Alcohol taxes|
|Maintain Status||b) Cigarette taxes|
|Maintain Status||c) Corporate taxes|
|Maintain Status||d) Gasoline taxes|
|e) Income taxes (incomes below $75,000)|
|Maintain Status||f) Income taxes (incomes above $75,000)|
|Maintain Status||g) Property taxes|
|Maintain Status||h) Vehicle taxes|
|i) Other or expanded categories|
Property taxes @ state level; not sure what reappraisal will do but work to "moderate" impact.
|No||1) Should accounts such as a "rainy day" fund be used to balance the state budget?|
|No||2) Should fee increases be used to balance the state budget?|
|3) Other or expanded principles|
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance and government reform.
|Yes||a) Do you support the current limit of terms for Montana governors?|
|Yes||b) Do you support the current limit of terms for Montana state senators and representatives?|
c) Do you support limiting the following types of contributions to state legislative candidates?
|Yes||4) Political Parties|
|Yes||d) Do you support requiring full and timely disclosure of campaign finance information?|
|No||e) Do you support imposing spending limits on state-level political campaigns?|
|Undecided||f) Should Montana participate in the federal REAL ID program?|
|g) Other or expanded principles|
All campaign expenditures should be reported... There should be a penalty for not reporting on schedule.
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding crime.
|a) Increase state funds for construction of state prisons and hiring of additional prison staff.|
|b) Support the death penalty in Montana.|
|X||c) Support programs to provide prison inmates with vocational and job-related skills and job-placement assistance when released.|
|d) Implement penalties other than incarceration for certain non-violent offenders.|
|e) Decriminalize the possession of small amounts of marijuana.|
|f) Minors accused of a violent crime should be prosecuted as adults.|
|g) Support state and local law enforcement officials enforcing federal immigration laws.|
|X||h) Support hate crime legislation.|
|i) Other or expanded principles|
We need to change treatment or laws to curb DUI's - we need to get DUI drivers off the road!!!!
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding education.
|X||a) Support state funding of universal pre-K programs.|
|b) Support federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students (No Child Left Behind).|
|c) Support state education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students.|
|X||d) Support requiring public schools to administer high school exit exams.|
|e) Allow parents to use vouchers to send their children to any public school.|
|f) Allow parents to use vouchers to send their children to any private or religious school.|
|g) Provide state funding to increase teacher salaries.|
|h) Support using a merit pay system for teachers.|
|X||i) Provide state funding for tax incentives and financial aid to help make college more affordable.|
|j) Support allowing illegal immigrant high school graduates of Montana to pay in-state tuition at public universities.|
|k) Other or expanded principles|
Montana's economic future depends upon a well trained and educated workforce; we need to improve graduation rates (or GED completion); to prepare students (K-12, 2 year, 4 year) better for school to work transition.
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding employment.
|X||a) Increase funding for state job-training programs that re-train displaced workers and teach skills needed in todays job market.|
|b) Reduce state government regulations on the private sector.|
|X||c) Provide low interest loans and tax credits for starting, expanding, or relocating businesses.|
|X||d) Provide tax credits for businesses that provide child care for children in low-income working families.|
|e) Increase state funds to provide child care for children in low-income working families.|
|f) Include gender identity in Montana's anti-discrimination laws.|
|g) Increase the state minimum wage.|
|h) Support laws that prevent employers from dismissing employees at will.|
|X||i) Support financial punishments for those who knowingly employ illegal immigrants.|
|X||j) Support increased work requirements for able-bodied welfare recipients.|
|k) Increase funding for employment and job training programs for welfare recipients.|
|l) Other or expanded principles|
See above. Montana's unemployment rate is below national level; we need to focus on training of the under or unskilled + help them become productive members of workforce
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the environment and energy.
|X||a) Promote increased use of alternative fuel technology.|
|X||b) Support increased production of traditional domestic energy sources (e.g. coal, natural gas, oil, etc).|
|X||c) Support providing financial incentives to farms that produce biofuel crops.|
|d) Use state funds to clean up former industrial and commercial sites that are contaminated, unused, or abandoned.|
|e) Support funding for improvements to Montana's power generating and transmission facilities.|
|X||f) Support funding for open space preservation.|
|g) Limit carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases linked to global warming.|
|h) Enact environmental regulations even if they are stricter than federal law.|
|i) Other or expanded principles|
We need a state energy plan + policy to deal with short term + long term. Our future depends upon a diversified energy program.
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding guns.
|Undecided||a) Should background checks be required on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows?|
|Yes||b) Should citizens be allowed to carry concealed guns?|
|c) Should a license be required for gun possession?|
|Yes||d) Do you support current levels of enforcement of existing state restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns?|
|e) Do you support current state restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns?|
|f) Other or expanded principles|
I support Montana's current statutes on gun purchase, possession + carry. I do not see any need for changes.
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health.
|a) Ensure that citizens have access to basic health care through managed care, insurance reforms, or state-funded care where necessary.|
|b) Guaranteed medical care to all citizens is not a responsibility of state government.|
|c) Limit the amount of damages that can be awarded in medical malpractice lawsuits.|
|d) Allow patients to sue their HMOs.|
|e) Require hospitals and labs to release reports on infections that are a risk to public health, while not compromising patient confidentiality.|
|f) Legalize physician assisted suicide in Montana.|
|g) Support allowing doctors to prescribe marijuana to their patients for medicinal purposes.|
|h) Other or expanded principles|
MT has made major improvements in establishing public-private partnerings to increase health care coverage i.e. Insure MT; CHIP + others. These are programs that are working.
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding social issues.
|Yes||a) Should Montana recognize civil unions between same-sex couples?|
|No||b) Should same-sex couples be allowed to marry?|
|No||c) Should Montana provide state-level spousal rights to same-sex couples?|
|No||d) Do you support a moment of silence in public schools?|
|No||e) Do you support voluntary prayer in public schools?|
|Yes||f) Do you support sexual education programs that include information on abstinence, contraceptives, and HIV/STD prevention methods?|
|Undecided||g) Do you support abstinence-only sexual education programs?|
|h) Should the state government consider race and gender in state government contracting and hiring decisions?|
|i) Do you support affirmative action in public college admissions?|
|j) Should Montana continue affirmative action programs?|
|k) Do you support state funding of stem cell research?|
|l) Do you support state funding of embryonic stem cell research?|
|Undecided||m) Do you support allowing pharmacists who conscientiously object to emergency contraception to refuse to dispense it?|
|n) Other or expanded principles|
Montana's current statutes handle sufficiently most of these issues.
|Please explain in a total of 100 words or less, your top two or three priorities if elected. If they require additional funding for implementation, please explain how you would obtain this funding.|
For 13 years of public office, I've worked to be a balanced, effective voice for my community. In doing so, it has been my objective to find solutions, common ground where possible and restore public confidence in the legislative process. Next session, I will continue using this approach and work on issues dealing with public access to state lands and good stewardship of Montana's resources...helping find the balance to help our economy to continue growing and maintain our quality of life. Health care affordability is another area where I will continue the efforts I started in 2007 with my study...