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Justin Amash's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)

Office: U.S. House (MI) - District 3, Republican
Project Vote Smart does not permit the use of its name or programs in any campaign activity, including advertising, debates, and speeches.
Justin Amash has refused to provide voters with positions on key issues covered by the 2016 Political Courage Test, despite repeated requests. Historically, candidates have failed to complete our test due to the advice they receive from their parties and advisors and out of fear of negative attack ads.

What is the Political Courage Test?

Issue Positions

In response to the increasing unwillingness of candidates to answer issue questions, Project Vote Smart has researched Presidential and Congressional candidates' public records to determine candidates' likely responses on certain key issues. These issue positions, from the year 2016, are provided below as a courtesy to voters.

Pro-life Inferred Answer Abortion: Do you generally support pro-choice or pro-life legislation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "The right to life is sacred and undeniable. It is the proper role of government to protect life […]" http://votesmart.org/public-statement/848420/issue-position-abortion#.VkuBaWwViko (votesmart.org)
  • Rated 100% by National Right to Life Committee http://votesmart.org/interest-group/252/rating/7227 (votesmart.org)
  • Rated 0% by NARAL Pro-Choice America http://votesmart.org/interest-group/1016/rating/7720 (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Budget: In order to balance the budget, do you support an income tax increase on any tax bracket? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Signed a pledge stating "I Justin Amash pledge to the taxpayers of the 3rd district of the state of Michigan and to the American people that I will: ONE oppose any and all efforts to increase the marginal tax rate for individuals and businesses; and TWO oppose any net reduction or elimination of deductions and credits unless matched dollar for dollar by further reducing taxes." http://votesmart.org/candidate/political-courage-test/105566/justin-amash/#.VZ6zm_lViko (votesmart.org)
  • "As a RepresentativeI support reforms that lower personal and corporate tax ratessimplify the systemand broaden the tax base. I also am open to proposals that tax spending instead of income as a substitute to our current system." http://amash.house.gov/issue/taxes (amash.house.gov)
No Inferred Answer Crime: Do you support mandatory minimum sentences for non-violent drug offenders? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Huffington Post "Reps. Dana Rohrabacher (R-Calif.) and Justin Amash (R-Mich.) have both sponsored House amendments seeking to prevent the federal government from prosecuting people for simply following their state marijuana laws." http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/11/10/criminal-justice-reform_n_6133454.html (www.huffingtonpost.com)
No Inferred Answer Economy: Do you support federal spending as a means of promoting economic growth? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "The opposite – economic micromanagement by bureaucrats with limited knowledge – has brought such failed policies as government bailoutsstimulus programsand subsidies of inefficient or undesirable technologies." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/632361/#.VktxBWwVikq (votesmart.org)
  • "If federal spending is not reduced we risk a major decline in our economy that will harm all Americans especially the poorest and most vulnerable. As a Representative I will work to place the federal government back on a sustainable fiscal path and I will support spending only for purposes authorized in the Constitution." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/632369/#.VZ629flViko (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Economy: Do you support lowering taxes as a means of promoting economic growth? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Voted in favor of H.R.636 "America's Small Business Tax Relief Act of 2015" http://votesmart.org/bill/votes/51297#.VZ2kS_lViko (votesmart.org)
  • "As a RepresentativeI support reforms that lower personal and corporate tax ratessimplify the system and broaden the tax base. I also am open to proposals that tax spending instead of income as a substitute to our current system." http://amash.house.gov/issue/taxes (amash.house.gov)
No Inferred Answer Education: Do you generally support requiring states to adopt federal education standards? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "To encourage innovation and competition the federal government should leave the matter of education to the states. Schools should be managed locally allowing parents teachers and community leaders to determine the most efficient use of resources." http://votesmart.org/candidate/political-courage-test/105566/justin-amash/#.VZ6zm_lViko (votesmart.org)
  • "I support returning control of schools to the local level. Parents and local communities should develop curriculum and testing standards for their studentsnot the federal government. The right on homeschooling must be protected." http://amash.house.gov/issue/education (amash.house.gov)
No Inferred Answer Energy: Do you support building the Keystone XL pipeline? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Voted against S.1 "A Bill To Approve the Keystone XL Pipeline" http://votesmart.org/bill/votes/51299 (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Energy: Do you support government funding for the development of renewable energy (e.g. solar, wind, thermal)? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "We have the resources and technology to develop alternative fuels without relying on government handouts." http://amash.house.gov/issue/energy (amash.house.gov)
  • "Whether it is off-shore drilling developing new wind and solar technology using natural gas ethanol bio-massor safe nuclear alternatives consumers can support a balance of energy production that will increase America's energy independence and boost our economy." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/990693/issue-position-energy#.VaQZ7nUVhHw (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Environment: Do you support the federal regulation of greenhouse gas emissions? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Signed a letter stating "More importantly we believe that the authority to limit carbon emissions even if that were actually a necessity rests in neither the Constitution nor the Clean Air Act but in the true free market of individual choices made by the American people." http://jeffduncan.house.gov/sites/jeffduncan.house.gov/files/Duncan%20Carbon%20Emission%20Letter%20to%20EPA.pdf (jeffduncan.house.gov)
  • "Government subsidies regulations (like cap and trade)and taxes result in costlier and less efficient forms of energy than would be produced in the free market." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/533662/issue-position-energy/?search=cap%20and%20trade#.VkuF-mwViko (votesmart.org)
  • Voted in favor of H.R.910 "Energy Tax Prevention Act" http://votesmart.org/bill/votes/34389#.VZ6kiflViko (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Guns: Do you generally support gun-control legislation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Voted in favor of H.Amdt.1098 "Prohibits District of Columbia from Implementing Certain Firearm Laws" http://votesmart.org/bill/votes/49464 (votesmart.org)
  • "A fresh round of old proposals for gun-control laws won’t work and will be followed by the renewed frustration of different factions going to their respective corners to fight instead of seeking real solutions." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/716897/issue-position-second-amendment#.VkuDm2wViko (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Health Care: Do you support repealing the 2010 Affordable Care Act ("Obamacare")? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "The National Federation of Independent Business (NFIB) gave Amash its 'Guardian of Small Business' award for his support of tax relief and domestic energy production and combatting Obamacare." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/924002/national-business-free-market-groups-give-awards-to-amash/?search=obamacare#.VkuHImwViko (votesmart.org)
  • Voted in favor of H.R.596 "Repeal of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and Health Care-Related Provisions in the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010" http://votesmart.org/bill/votes/51284#.VZ2nG_lViko (votesmart.org)
  • Voted in favor of H.R.2 "Repealing the Health Care Bill" http://votesmart.org/bill/votes/33026#.VZ6DcflViko (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Immigration: Do you support requiring immigrants who are unlawfully present to return to their country of origin before they are eligible for citizenship? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "The United States has always welcomed individuals who legally seek to enter our country to work or become citizens but Congress and the President must make every effort to secure our borders. We need to reform our immigration system to implement a proper guest worker program that benefits our communities and reduces the incentive for immigrants to come here illegally." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/716891/issue-position-immigration#.VaQcwXUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • "The federal government must secure our borders. The United States has always welcomed individuals who legally seek to enter our country to work or become citizens but Congress and the president must make every effort to stop at the border those immigrants who attempt to break our laws. Hard working skilled entrepreneurial and educated legal immigrants benefit our communities and our country." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/533670/#.VZ7P1flViko (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Marriage: Do you support same-sex marriage? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "I support DOMA's protection of state decision making that one state's recognition (or nonrecognition) of gay marriage does not require another state to recognize (or not to recognize) gay marriage." https://www.facebook.com/repjustinamash/posts/426979760674769 (www.facebook.com)
  • "I believe in the sanctity of traditional marriage and I oppose government efforts to redefine this private religious institution." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/533671/#.VZ7QhflViko (votesmart.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer National Security: Do you support increased American intervention in Iraq and Syria beyond air support? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "Based on the information I have right now from the administration, I would not support an authorization for use of force, but if the President could make the case that ISIS is a true threat to the United States, a true threat to Americans at home, then I would be supportive, but he hasn't made that case yet." http://wwmt.com/news/local/congressman-justin-amash-holds-town-hall-meeting-in-battle-creek (wwmt.com)
Yes Inferred Answer Social Security: Do you support allowing individuals to divert a portion of their Social Security taxes into personal retirement accounts? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "We must keep our promises to seniors and not change benefits for those who are currently receiving or soon will receive Social Security or Medicare. Individuals who have paid into these programs for much of their lives have made decisions based on promised benefits, and those promises should be kept. For younger people, such as those in their 20s, 30s, and 40s, these mandatory spending programs are unsustainable and unreliable. We must begin to phase in significant reforms for the benefit of future generations." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/716899/issue-position-social-security-and-medicare (votesmart.org)
  • Rated 18% by Alliance for Retired Americans http://votesmart.org/candidate/evaluations/105566/justin-amash/53 (votesmart.org)

Key

Candidate Answer

Official Position: Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.

Inferred Answer

Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Project Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.

Unknown Answer

Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue.

Project Vote Smart's Research: Click on this icon to reveal more information about this candidate's position.

Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as the candidate has submitted it. Project Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

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