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Access Candidates' and Representatives' Biographies, Voting Records, Interest Group Ratings, Issue Positions, Public Statements, and Campaign Finances

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Selected Sponsorships

Date Bill No. Bill Title Outcome Vote
Sept. 13, 2010 S 3772 Paycheck Fairness Act Senate Co-sponsor
Nov. 30, 2009 S Amdt 2791 Preventive Services Coverage Requirements Senate Co-sponsor
Jan. 6, 2009 S 160 Washington DC Voting Act Senate Co-sponsor
June 24, 2008 S 3186 Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Funding Senate Co-sponsor
April 4, 2008 S Amdt 4419 to S Amdt 4387 to HR 3221 Energy Tax Credits Amendment Senate Co-sponsor
Feb. 6, 2008 S Amdt 3910 FISA as Exclusive Means for Conducting Electronic Surveillance Senate Co-sponsor
Oct. 2, 2007 S Amdt 3117 Border Fence and Customs Appropriations Senate Co-sponsor
Sept. 21, 2007 S Amdt 2997 Expressing the Sense of Congress Regarding Federalism in Iraq Senate Co-sponsor
Sept. 17, 2007 S Amdt 2022 Habeas Corpus for Detainees of the United States Senate Sponsor
Sept. 10, 2007 S Amdt 2797 Limiting Mexican Trucks to Commercial Zones Near the Border Between the U.S. and Mexico Senate Co-sponsor
July 26, 2007 S Amdt 2480 Border Fence and Customs Appropriations Senate Co-sponsor
June 18, 2007 S 1639 Second Immigration Act of 2007 Senate Co-sponsor
June 14, 2007 S Amdt 1519 Preventing Petroleum Export Organizations (NOPEC Act of 2007) Senate Co-sponsor
May 21, 2007 S Amdt 1150 Substitute for the Immigration Bill Senate Co-sponsor
May 2, 2007 S Amdt 1010 FDA Drug Import Certification Amendment Senate Co-sponsor
Jan. 16, 2007 S 294 Amtrak Reauthorization Senate Co-sponsor
Jan. 9, 2007 S 214 United States Attorneys Act of 2007 Senate Co-sponsor
Jan. 4, 2007 S 5 Stem Cell Research Act of 2007 Senate Co-sponsor
Sept. 27, 2006 S Amdt 5087 Habeas Review Amendment Senate Sponsor
May 5, 2006 S 2754 Alternative Stem Cell Therapies Act Senate Co-sponsor
April 7, 2006 S 2611 Immigration Reform Bill Senate Sponsor
April 14, 2005 S J Res 12 Flag Desecration Constitutional Amendment Senate Co-sponsor
Feb. 16, 2005 S 397 Firearms Manufacturers Protection Bill Senate Co-sponsor
May 10, 2004 S Res 356 Resolution Condemning Abuse of Iraqi Prisoners House Co-sponsor
June 10, 2003 S Amdt 871 Reduction of Foreign Oil Dependence Amendment Senate Co-sponsor
May 23, 2003 S 1156 Department of Veterans Affairs Improvement Act of 2003 Senate Sponsor
Jan. 7, 2003 S 23 Unemployment Benefits bill Senate Co-sponsor
March 27, 2001 S 625 Hate Crimes Bill Senate Co-sponsor
Feb. 9, 2000 S 2045 American Competitiveness in the 21st Century Act, 2000 Senate Co-sponsor
March 17, 1999 S J Res 14 Flag Desecration amendment Senate Co-sponsor
Sept. 1, 1998 S Amdt 3506 Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Amendment Senate Sponsor
March 27, 1998 S 1873 American Missile Protection bill Senate Co-sponsor
March 6, 1998 S 1723 Non-Immigrant Specialty Workers bill Senate Co-sponsor
March 2, 1998 S Con Res 78 Saddam Hussein War Crime Prosecution bill Senate Sponsor
June 19, 1997 S Amdt 416 Intelligence Appropriations Declassification amendment Senate Co-sponsor
Jan. 21, 1997 S 104 Nuclear Waste Disposal bill Senate Co-sponsor
Jan. 21, 1997 S J Res 1 Balanced Budget amendment Senate Co-sponsor
March 28, 1995 S 641 Ryan White CARE Reauthorization Act of 1995 Senate Co-sponsor
Jan. 4, 1995 S 21 Bosnia and Herzegovina Self-Defense Act of 1995 Senate Co-sponsor
March 23, 1993 S 636 Abortion Clinic Access Bill Senate Co-sponsor

About the Selection and Descriptions of Key Votes

Project Vote Smart provides easy access to Congressional and State voting records and maintains a collection of key votes grouped by issue. Key votes typically include the initial passage of legislation and final conference report vote versions (the compromised versions of bills passed in separate House and Senate versions). Vote Smart uses the following criteria to select key votes:

  1. The vote should be helpful in portraying how a member stands on a particular issue
  2. The vote should be clear for any person to understand
  3. The vote has received media attention
  4. The vote was passed or defeated by a very close margin
  5. Occasionally, if a specific bill is consistently inquired about on the Voter's Research Hotline, the vote will be added

Descriptions of the votes are written by Vote Smart staff and based on information included in the Congressional Record, State House Journals, or Senate Journals, with additional background information from newspapers, magazines, etc. Vote Smart provides summaries for each selected key vote. The summary does not necessarily reflect the final version of the bill.

The Key Votes Program follows Project Vote Smart's strict policies, procedures and structure that guarantee absolute impartiality and accuracy. In order to ensure that all Key Votes are non-partisan in their selection and language, each is approved by a group of over 160 political scientists and journalists from all fifty states.

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