or Login to see your representatives.

Access Candidates' and Representatives' Biographies, Voting Records, Interest Group Ratings, Issue Positions, Public Statements, and Campaign Finances

Simply enter your zip code above to get to all of your candidates and representatives, or enter a name. Then, just click on the person you are interested in, and you can navigate to the categories of information we track for them.

National Key Votes

Date Bill No. Bill Title Outcome Vote
Oct. 1, 1998 HR 3616 Defense Department FY99 Authorization bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate
(96 - 2)
Yea
Sept. 29, 1998 HR 4103 Defense Department FY99 Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate
(94 - 2)
Yea
Sept. 29, 1998 HR 6 Higher Education Programs Authorization Extension bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate
(96 - 0)
Yea
Sept. 18, 1998 HR 1122 Partial-Birth/Late-Term Abortion bill Veto Override Failed - Senate
(64 - 36)
Yea
Sept. 9, 1998 S 1873 American Missile Protection bill Cloture Not Invoked - Senate
(59 - 41)
Yea
Sept. 3, 1998 HR 4104 Appropriations bill FY99, Treasury, Postal Service Bill Passed - Senate
(91 - 5)
Yea
Sept. 1, 1998 S Amdt 3506 Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Amendment Amendment Adopted - Senate
(49 - 44)
Nay
July 30, 1998 S Amdt 3379 Federal Election Commission Term Length Amendment Not Tabled - Senate
(45 - 54)
Nay
July 29, 1998 S Amdt 3359 Married Tax Filing Amendment Amendment Not Tabled - Senate
(48 - 51)
Nay
July 23, 1998 S Amdt 3258 Temporary Farm Workers Amendment Amendment Adopted - Senate
(68 - 31)
Yea
July 23, 1998 S Amdt 3266 Internet Gambling Amendment Amendment Adopted - Senate
(90 - 10)
Yea
July 22, 1998 S Amdt 3263 Phone Recording Amendment Amendment Rejected - Senate
(50 - 50)
Nay
July 21, 1998 HR 4112 Legislative Branch FY99 Appropriations bill Bill Passed - Senate
(90 - 9)
Yea
July 21, 1998 S Amdt 3230 Gun Lock Requirement Amendment Amendment Tabled - Senate
(61 - 39)
Yea
July 9, 1998 HR 6 Higher Education Programs Authorization Extension bill Bill Passed - Senate
(96 - 1)
Yea
July 7, 1998 S Amdt 3062 Space Station Termination Amendment Amendment Rejected - Senate
(33 - 66)
Yea
June 25, 1998 S Amdt 2794 Overseas Military Hospital Abortions Amendment Amendment Rejected - Senate
(44 - 49)
Nay
June 25, 1998 S Amdt 2981 Military Closure Amendment Amendment Adopted - Senate
(48 - 45)
Nay
June 25, 1998 S Amdt 3011 Separate Housing Amendment Amendment Rejected - Senate
(39 - 53)
Nay
June 24, 1998 HR 2646 Education Savings Accounts bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate
(59 - 36)
Yea
June 24, 1998 S Amdt 2912 Bosnia and Herzegovina Withdrawal Amendment Amendment Tabled - Senate
(65 - 31)
Yea
June 9, 1998 S Amdt 2451 Illegal Drug Amendment Amendment Adopted - Senate
(52 - 46)
Yea
June 4, 1998 S Amdt 2438 Underage Tobacco Usage amendment Amendment Not Tabled - Senate
(29 - 66)
Yea
May 22, 1998 HR 2400 Transportation Reauthorization bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate
(88 - 5)
Yea
May 22, 1998 HR 2709 Iran Missile Sanctions bill Bill Passed - Senate
(90 - 4)
Nay
May 18, 1998 S 1723 Non-Immigrant Specialty Workers bill Bill Passed - Senate
(78 - 20)
Yea
May 18, 1998 S Amdt 2417 U.S. Citizen Recruitment Amendment Amendment Tabled - Senate
(59 - 39)
Yea
May 13, 1998 S 1260 Securities Litigation Bill Passed - Senate
(79 - 21)
Yea
May 12, 1998 S 1150 Agricultural Research bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate
(92 - 8)
Yea
May 5, 1998 HR 1385 Training Programs bill Bill Passed - Senate
(91 - 7)
Yea
April 30, 1998 HR 3579 Emergency Supplemental Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate
(88 - 11)
Yea
April 28, 1998 HR 1757 State Department FY98-99 Authorization bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate
(51 - 49)
Yea
April 23, 1998 HR 2646 Education Savings Accounts bill Bill Passed - Senate
(56 - 43)
Yea
April 2, 1998 S Con Res 86 Budget Resolution FY99 Resolution Passed - Senate
(57 - 41)
Yea
April 1, 1998 S Amdt 2169 Medicare Choices Amendment Amendment Adopted - Senate
(51 - 47)
Yea
April 1, 1998 S Amdt 2175 School Modernization Amendment Amendment Tabled - Senate
(54 - 46)
Yea
April 1, 1998 S Amdt 2209 Personal Retirement Accounts Amendment Amendment Adopted - Senate
(51 - 49)
Yea
March 31, 1998 S Amdt 2165 Deficit Neutral Reserve Fund Amendment Amendment Rejected - Senate
(46 - 52)
Nay
March 31, 1998 S AMDT 2168 Tobacco Immunity Amendment Amendment Adopted - Senate
(79 - 19)
Yea
March 27, 1998 S 1873 American Missile Protection bill Senate Co-sponsor
March 13, 1998 S Con Res 78 Saddam Hussein War Crime Prosecution bill Resolution Passed - Senate
(93 - 0)
Yea
March 12, 1998 S Amdt 1676 Intermodal Transportation Amendment Amendment Adopted - Senate
(96 - 4)
Yea
March 6, 1998 S Amdt 1708 Disadvantaged Business Enterprises Amendment Amendment Tabled - Senate
(58 - 37)
Nay
March 4, 1998 S Amdt 1682 Blood Alcohol Content Amendment Amendment Adopted - Senate
(62 - 32)
Yea
Feb. 26, 1998 S Amdt 1646 Campaign Finance Reform Amendment Cloture Not Invoked - Senate
(51 - 48)
Nay
Feb. 25, 1998 HR 2631 Line Item Veto Cancellation bill Veto Override Passed - Senate
(78 - 20)
Yea
Feb. 11, 1998 S 1601 Human Cloning Research bill Cloture Not Invoked - Senate
(42 - 54)
Nay
Feb. 10, 1998 PN 623 David Satcher, Surgeon General of the Public Health Service Nomination Confirmed - Senate
(63 - 35)
Nay
Feb. 3, 1998 S 1601 Human Cloning Research bill Senate Co-sponsor
Nov. 8, 1997 HR 2264 Appropriations bill FY98, Labor, HHS, Education Conference Report Adopted - Senate
(91 - 4)
Yea

About the Selection and Descriptions of Key Votes

Project Vote Smart provides easy access to Congressional and State voting records and maintains a collection of key votes grouped by issue. Key votes typically include the initial passage of legislation and final conference report vote versions (the compromised versions of bills passed in separate House and Senate versions). Vote Smart uses the following criteria to select key votes:

  1. The vote should be helpful in portraying how a member stands on a particular issue
  2. The vote should be clear for any person to understand
  3. The vote has received media attention
  4. The vote was passed or defeated by a very close margin
  5. Occasionally, if a specific bill is consistently inquired about on the Voter's Research Hotline, the vote will be added

Descriptions of the votes are written by Vote Smart staff and based on information included in the Congressional Record, State House Journals, or Senate Journals, with additional background information from newspapers, magazines, etc. Vote Smart provides summaries for each selected key vote. The summary does not necessarily reflect the final version of the bill.

The Key Votes Program follows Project Vote Smart's strict policies, procedures and structure that guarantee absolute impartiality and accuracy. In order to ensure that all Key Votes are non-partisan in their selection and language, each is approved by a group of over 160 political scientists and journalists from all fifty states.

Back to top