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Access Candidates' and Representatives' Biographies, Voting Records, Interest Group Ratings, Issue Positions, Public Statements, and Campaign Finances

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National Key Votes

Date Bill No. Bill Title Outcome Vote
May 24, 2012 S Amdt 2108 Prohibits FDA Approval of Genetically Engineered Fish Amendment Rejected - Senate
(46 - 50)
Nay
March 8, 2012 S Amdt 1537 Approving the Keystone XL Pipeline Project Amendment Rejected - Senate
(56 - 42)
Yea
Nov. 10, 2011 S Amdt 928 American Jobs and Economic Growth Amendment Rejected - Senate
(40 - 56)
Yea
Nov. 10, 2011 S J Res 27 Disapproval of EPA Cross-Border Pollution Rule Motion Rejected - Senate
(41 - 56)
Yea
April 15, 1997 S 104 Nuclear Waste Disposal bill Bill Passed - Senate
(65 - 34)
Nay
April 15, 1997 S Amdt 31 Yucca Mountain Alternate Sites amendment Amendment Tabled - Senate
(59 - 39)
Did Not Vote
Sept. 17, 1996 HR 3816 Appropriations bill FY97, Energy and Water Development Conference Report Adopted - Senate
(92 - 8)
Yea
Aug. 2, 1996 S 1316 Safe Drinking Water Act Amendments of 1995 Conference Report Adopted - Senate
(98 - 0)
Yea
June 30, 1994 HR 4506 Appropriations Bill FY95, Energy and Water Development Bill Passed - Senate
(91 - 8)
Yea
Nov. 9, 1993 HR 2520 Interior Department Fiscal Year 1994 Appropriations Bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate
(91 - 9)
Yea
Sept. 22, 1993 HR 2491 Veterans Administration and Housing and Urban Development Appropriations Bill Fiscal Year 1994 Bill Passed - Senate
(91 - 9)
Yea
Sept. 8, 1993 HR 2010 National Service Bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate
(57 - 40)
Nay
Aug. 3, 1993 HR 2010 National Service Bill Bill Passed - Senate
(58 - 41)
Nay
May 4, 1993 S 171 Department of the Environment Act Bill Passed - Senate
(79 - 15)
Yea

About the Selection and Descriptions of Key Votes

Project Vote Smart provides easy access to Congressional and State voting records and maintains a collection of key votes grouped by issue. Key votes typically include the initial passage of legislation and final conference report vote versions (the compromised versions of bills passed in separate House and Senate versions). Vote Smart uses the following criteria to select key votes:

  1. The vote should be helpful in portraying how a member stands on a particular issue
  2. The vote should be clear for any person to understand
  3. The vote has received media attention
  4. The vote was passed or defeated by a very close margin
  5. Occasionally, if a specific bill is consistently inquired about on the Voter's Research Hotline, the vote will be added

Descriptions of the votes are written by Vote Smart staff and based on information included in the Congressional Record, State House Journals, or Senate Journals, with additional background information from newspapers, magazines, etc. Vote Smart provides summaries for each selected key vote. The summary does not necessarily reflect the final version of the bill.

The Key Votes Program follows Project Vote Smart's strict policies, procedures and structure that guarantee absolute impartiality and accuracy. In order to ensure that all Key Votes are non-partisan in their selection and language, each is approved by a group of over 160 political scientists and journalists from all fifty states.

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