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Access Candidates' and Representatives' Biographies, Voting Records, Interest Group Ratings, Issue Positions, Public Statements, and Campaign Finances

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Selected Sponsorships

Date Bill No. Bill Title Outcome Vote
April 4, 2008 S Amdt 4419 to S Amdt 4387 to HR 3221 Energy Tax Credits Amendment Senate Co-sponsor
March 12, 2008 S Amdt 4207 to S Con Res 70 Amendment on Certain Energy-Related Programs, Including the Development of Oil Shale and Offshore Natural Gas Senate Co-sponsor
March 26, 2007 S Amdt 643 Iraq Withdrawal Amendment Senate Co-sponsor
Feb. 10, 2006 S 2271 PATRIOT Act Reauthorization Bill Senate Co-sponsor
April 14, 2005 S J Res 12 Flag Desecration Constitutional Amendment Senate Co-sponsor
Feb. 16, 2005 S 397 Firearms Manufacturers Protection Bill Senate Sponsor
Feb. 16, 2005 S 403 Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act Senate Co-sponsor
Jan. 24, 2005 S J Res 1 Same Sex Marriage Resolution Senate Co-sponsor
July 7, 2004 S J Res 40 Federal Marriage Amendment Senate Co-sponsor
May 10, 2004 S Res 356 Resolution Condemning Abuse of Iraqi Prisoners House Co-sponsor
April 21, 2004 S 2329 Victims' Rights Bill Senate Co-sponsor
Oct. 31, 2003 S 1805 Firearms Manufacturers Protection Bill Senate Sponsor
Feb. 14, 2003 S 3 Prohibit Partial-Birth/Late Term Abortion bill Senate Co-sponsor
Oct. 5, 1999 S 1692 Ban on Partial-Birth/Late Term Abortion Senate Co-sponsor
May 14, 1999 S Amdt 351 Religious Memorials at Schools Amendment Senate Co-sponsor
March 17, 1999 S J Res 14 Flag Desecration amendment Senate Co-sponsor
July 23, 1998 S Amdt 3258 Temporary Farm Workers Amendment Senate Co-sponsor
May 21, 1998 S Amdt 2451 Illegal Drug Amendment Senate Co-sponsor
March 27, 1998 S 1873 American Missile Protection bill Senate Co-sponsor
March 6, 1998 S 1723 Non-Immigrant Specialty Workers bill Senate Co-sponsor
Sept. 8, 1997 S Amdt 1122 Education Funding Amendment Senate Co-sponsor
Jan. 21, 1997 S 104 Nuclear Waste Disposal bill Senate Co-sponsor
Jan. 21, 1997 S J Res 1 Balanced Budget amendment Senate Co-sponsor
July 9, 1996 S 1936 Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1996 Senate Sponsor
Jan. 26, 1996 S 1541 Farm Bill Senate Co-sponsor
Oct. 12, 1995 S 1316 Safe Drinking Water Act Amendments of 1995 Senate Co-sponsor
March 28, 1995 S 641 Ryan White CARE Reauthorization Act of 1995 Senate Co-sponsor
March 21, 1995 S J Res 31 Flag Desecration Senate Co-sponsor
Jan. 19, 1995 S J Res 21 Term Limits bill Senate Co-sponsor
Jan. 4, 1995 S 21 Bosnia and Herzegovina Self-Defense Act of 1995 Senate Co-sponsor
Jan. 4, 1995 S 4 Line-Item Veto bill Senate Co-sponsor
Oct. 14, 1993 S Amdt 1043 Ending Military Operations in Somalia Senate Co-sponsor
March 31, 1993 S 687 Product Liability Bill Senate Co-sponsor
Feb. 18, 1993 S Amdt 39 Prohibiting Immigrants with AIDS from entering the United States Senate Co-sponsor
Feb. 4, 1993 S Amdt 19 Homosexual Discrimination in the Military Amendment Senate Co-sponsor
Feb. 4, 1993 S J Res 41 Balanced Budget amendment Senate Co-sponsor
Aug. 6, 1992 S Amdt 2904 Salvage Timber Sales House Co-sponsor
March 13, 1992 S 640 Product Liability Reform Senate Co-sponsor
Feb. 26, 1992 S Amdt 1698 Presidential Line-Item Veto for Appropriations Senate Co-sponsor

About the Selection and Descriptions of Key Votes

Project Vote Smart provides easy access to Congressional and State voting records and maintains a collection of key votes grouped by issue. Key votes typically include the initial passage of legislation and final conference report vote versions (the compromised versions of bills passed in separate House and Senate versions). Vote Smart uses the following criteria to select key votes:

  1. The vote should be helpful in portraying how a member stands on a particular issue
  2. The vote should be clear for any person to understand
  3. The vote has received media attention
  4. The vote was passed or defeated by a very close margin
  5. Occasionally, if a specific bill is consistently inquired about on the Voter's Research Hotline, the vote will be added

Descriptions of the votes are written by Vote Smart staff and based on information included in the Congressional Record, State House Journals, or Senate Journals, with additional background information from newspapers, magazines, etc. Vote Smart provides summaries for each selected key vote. The summary does not necessarily reflect the final version of the bill.

The Key Votes Program follows Project Vote Smart's strict policies, procedures and structure that guarantee absolute impartiality and accuracy. In order to ensure that all Key Votes are non-partisan in their selection and language, each is approved by a group of over 160 political scientists and journalists from all fifty states.

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