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National Key Votes

Date Bill No. Bill Title Outcome Vote
April 15, 1997 S 104 Nuclear Waste Disposal bill Bill Passed - Senate
(65 - 34)
Nay
April 15, 1997 S Amdt 31 Yucca Mountain Alternate Sites amendment Amendment Tabled - Senate
(59 - 39)
Nay
March 20, 1997 S Amdt 25 U.S.- Mexico Drug Trafficking Prevention Amendment Amendment Adopted - Senate
(94 - 5)
Yea
March 13, 1997 S 442 Internet Tax Freedom bill Senate Co-sponsor
March 4, 1997 S J Res 1 Balanced Budget amendment Joint Resolution Failed - Senate
(66 - 34)
Nay
Oct. 3, 1996 HR 3539 Federal Aviation Authorization Act of 1996 Conference Report Adopted - Senate
(92 - 2)
Yea
Sept. 26, 1996 HR 1833 Partial-Birth/Late-Term Abortion Ban Veto Override Failed - Senate
(58 - 40)
Nay
Sept. 17, 1996 HR 3816 Appropriations bill FY97, Energy and Water Development Conference Report Adopted - Senate
(92 - 8)
Yea
Sept. 17, 1996 S Amdt 5353 Federal Land Grazing Fee Amendment Amendment Not Tabled - Senate
(50 - 50)
Nay
Sept. 10, 1996 HR 3230 National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1997 Conference Report Adopted - Senate
(73 - 26)
Nay
Sept. 10, 1996 HR 3396 Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) Bill Passed - Senate
(85 - 14)
Nay
Sept. 10, 1996 S 2056 Employment Nondiscrimination Act of 1996 Bill Failed - Senate
(49 - 50)
Yea
Aug. 2, 1996 HR 3103 Health Insurance Portability bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate
(98 - 0)
Yea
Aug. 2, 1996 HR 3448 Minimum Wage Increase bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate
(76 - 22)
Yea
Aug. 2, 1996 S 1316 Safe Drinking Water Act Amendments of 1995 Conference Report Adopted - Senate
(98 - 0)
Yea
Aug. 1, 1996 HR 3734 Welfare Reform Act of 1996 Conference Report Adopted - Senate
(78 - 21)
Nay
July 31, 1996 S 1936 Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1996 Bill Passed - Senate
(63 - 37)
Nay
July 23, 1996 HR 3734 Welfare Reform Act of 1996 Bill Passed - Senate
(74 - 24)
Nay
July 10, 1996 HR 743 Teamwork for Employees and Managers Act of 1995 Bill Passed - Senate
(53 - 46)
Nay
July 10, 1996 S Amdt 4438 Teamwork for Employees and Managers Act of 1995 Amendment Adopted - Senate
(61 - 38)
Nay
July 9, 1996 HR 3448 Minimum Wage Increase bill Bill Passed - Senate
(74 - 24)
Yea
July 9, 1996 S Amdt 4435 Minimum Wage Increase Amendment Amendment Rejected - Senate
(46 - 52)
Yea
June 25, 1996 S 1219 Campaign Finance Reform bill Cloture Not Invoked - Senate
(54 - 46)
Yea
June 20, 1996 PN 951 Alan Greenspan, Federal Reserve Chairman Nomination Confirmed - Senate
(91 - 7)
Yea
June 20, 1996 PN 953 Alice M. Rivlin, Federal Reserve Vice-Chair Nomination Confirmed - Senate
(57 - 41)
Yea
June 19, 1996 S Amdt 4059 Overseas Abortion Amendment Amendment Not Tabled - Senate
(45 - 51)
Nay
June 13, 1996 H Con Res 178 Fiscal Year 1997 Budget Resolution Conference Report Adopted - Senate
(53 - 46)
Nay
June 6, 1996 H J Res 1 Balanced Budget Proposed Constitutional Amendment Joint Resolution Failed - Senate
(64 - 35)
Nay
May 2, 1996 HR 2202 Immigration Reform bill Bill Passed - Senate
(97 - 3)
Yea
May 2, 1996 S Amdt 3840 Public Assistance to Legal Immigrants Amendment Amendment Rejected - Senate
(40 - 60)
Yea
May 1, 1996 S Amdt 3752 Citizen Verification Pilot Program Amendment Amendment Tabled - Senate
(54 - 46)
Yea
May 1, 1996 S Amdt 3780 Asylum Seeker Amendment Amendment Adopted - Senate
(51 - 49)
Yea
April 30, 1996 S Amdt 3820 Legal Immigrants Assistance Eligibility Amendment Amendment Rejected - Senate
(46 - 53)
Yea
April 25, 1996 HR 3019 Appropriations bill FY96, Omnibus Conference Report Adopted - Senate
(88 - 11)
Yea
April 25, 1996 S Amdt 3669 Foreign Student Public Education Amendment Amendment Tabled - Senate
(53 - 46)
Nay
April 25, 1996 S Amdt 3670 Foreign Student Program Amendment Amendment Tabled - Senate
(53 - 47)
Nay
April 23, 1996 S J Res 21 Term Limits bill Cloture Not Invoked - Senate
(58 - 42)
Nay
April 18, 1996 S Amdt 3677 Deletion of Medical Savings Accounts Amendment Amendment Adopted - Senate
(52 - 46)
Yea
April 17, 1996 S 735 Comprehensive Terrorism Prevention Act Conference Report Adopted - Senate
(91 - 8)
Yea
March 28, 1996 HR 1561 Authorization bill, FY96-97, Foreign Relations Conference Report Adopted - Senate
(52 - 44)
Nay
March 28, 1996 HR 2854 Agricultural Market Transition Act Conference Report Adopted - Senate
(74 - 26)
Yea
March 27, 1996 S 4 Line-Item Veto bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate
(69 - 31)
Nay
March 21, 1996 HR 956 Product Liability bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate
(59 - 40)
Nay
March 21, 1996 S 1459 Public Rangelands Management Act of 1996 Bill Passed - Senate
(50 - 47)
Nay
March 19, 1996 HR 3019 Appropriations bill FY96, Omnibus Bill Passed - Senate
(79 - 21)
Nay
March 19, 1996 S Amdt 3513 Medical Professionals Amendment Amendment Adopted - Senate
(63 - 37)
Nay
March 5, 1996 HR 927 Cuba Sanctions Bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate
(74 - 22)
Nay
Feb. 7, 1996 S 1541 Farm Bill Bill Passed - Senate
(64 - 32)
Yea
Feb. 1, 1996 S 652 Telecommunications Bill Conference Report Adopted - Senate
(91 - 5)
Yea
Jan. 26, 1996 S 1124 Authorization bill FY96, Defense Department Conference Report Adopted - Senate
(56 - 34)
Nay

About the Selection and Descriptions of Key Votes

Project Vote Smart provides easy access to Congressional and State voting records and maintains a collection of key votes grouped by issue. Key votes typically include the initial passage of legislation and final conference report vote versions (the compromised versions of bills passed in separate House and Senate versions). Vote Smart uses the following criteria to select key votes:

  1. The vote should be helpful in portraying how a member stands on a particular issue
  2. The vote should be clear for any person to understand
  3. The vote has received media attention
  4. The vote was passed or defeated by a very close margin
  5. Occasionally, if a specific bill is consistently inquired about on the Voter's Research Hotline, the vote will be added

Descriptions of the votes are written by Vote Smart staff and based on information included in the Congressional Record, State House Journals, or Senate Journals, with additional background information from newspapers, magazines, etc. Vote Smart provides summaries for each selected key vote. The summary does not necessarily reflect the final version of the bill.

The Key Votes Program follows Project Vote Smart's strict policies, procedures and structure that guarantee absolute impartiality and accuracy. In order to ensure that all Key Votes are non-partisan in their selection and language, each is approved by a group of over 160 political scientists and journalists from all fifty states.

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