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Selected Sponsorships

Date Bill No. Bill Title Outcome Vote
May 6, 1997 HR 1534 Private Property Rights bill House Co-sponsor
Feb. 13, 1997 H J Res 54 Flag Desecration Constitutional Amendment House Co-sponsor
Jan. 7, 1997 H J Res 2 Term Limits Resolution House Co-sponsor
Jan. 7, 1997 HR 1 Compensatory Time Bill House Co-sponsor
May 7, 1996 HR 3396 Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) House Co-sponsor
Dec. 5, 1995 HR 2703 Antiterrorism bill House Co-sponsor
Nov. 9, 1995 HR 2606 U.S. Troops in Bosnia Funding Bill House Co-sponsor
Oct. 31, 1995 HR 2564 Lobbying Disclosure Act of 1995 House Co-sponsor
Oct. 30, 1995 H Res 247 Bosnia Troop Deployment Resolution House Co-sponsor
Aug. 4, 1995 HR 2202 Immigration Reform bill House Sponsor
June 14, 1995 HR 1833 Partial-Birth/Late-Term Abortion Ban Act of 1995 House Co-sponsor
March 21, 1995 H J Res 79 Flag Desecration bill House Co-sponsor
Feb. 7, 1995 HR 842 Truth in Budgeting Act House Co-sponsor
Jan. 30, 1995 HR 743 Teamwork for Employees and Managers Act of 1995 House Co-sponsor
Jan. 4, 1995 H J Res 1 Balanced Budget Proposed Constitutional Amendment House Co-sponsor
Jan. 4, 1995 HR 123 English as the National Language House Co-sponsor
Jan. 4, 1995 HR 2 Line Item Veto Act House Co-sponsor
Jan. 4, 1995 HR 4 Welfare Reform Bill House Co-sponsor
Jan. 4, 1995 HR 7 Limiting U.S. Monetary and Troop Assistance to the United Nations House Co-sponsor
Feb. 4, 1993 H J Res 103 Balanced Budget Amendment House Co-sponsor

About the Selection and Descriptions of Key Votes

Project Vote Smart provides easy access to Congressional and State voting records and maintains a collection of key votes grouped by issue. Key votes typically include the initial passage of legislation and final conference report vote versions (the compromised versions of bills passed in separate House and Senate versions). Vote Smart uses the following criteria to select key votes:

  1. The vote should be helpful in portraying how a member stands on a particular issue
  2. The vote should be clear for any person to understand
  3. The vote has received media attention
  4. The vote was passed or defeated by a very close margin
  5. Occasionally, if a specific bill is consistently inquired about on the Voter's Research Hotline, the vote will be added

Descriptions of the votes are written by Vote Smart staff and based on information included in the Congressional Record, State House Journals, or Senate Journals, with additional background information from newspapers, magazines, etc. Vote Smart provides summaries for each selected key vote. The summary does not necessarily reflect the final version of the bill.

The Key Votes Program follows Project Vote Smart's strict policies, procedures and structure that guarantee absolute impartiality and accuracy. In order to ensure that all Key Votes are non-partisan in their selection and language, each is approved by a group of over 160 political scientists and journalists from all fifty states.

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