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Access Candidates' and Representatives' Biographies, Voting Records, Interest Group Ratings, Issue Positions, Public Statements, and Campaign Finances

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Selected Sponsorships

Date Bill No. Bill Title Outcome Vote
May 5, 2006 S 2754 Alternative Stem Cell Therapies Act Senate Sponsor
Oct. 17, 2005 S AMDT 2062 Congressional Pay Raise Amendment Senate Co-sponsor
April 14, 2005 S J Res 12 Flag Desecration Constitutional Amendment Senate Co-sponsor
March 20, 2005 S 686 Terri Schiavo Incapacitated Persons Protection Bill Senate Co-sponsor
March 7, 2005 S AMDT 128 Minimum Wage Amendment Senate Sponsor
Feb. 16, 2005 S 397 Firearms Manufacturers Protection Bill Senate Co-sponsor
Feb. 16, 2005 S 403 Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act Senate Co-sponsor
Jan. 25, 2005 S 5 Class Action Fairness Act of 2005 Senate Co-sponsor
Jan. 24, 2005 S J Res 1 Same Sex Marriage Resolution Senate Co-sponsor
July 7, 2004 S J Res 40 Federal Marriage Amendment Senate Co-sponsor
May 10, 2004 S Res 356 Resolution Condemning Abuse of Iraqi Prisoners House Co-sponsor
Feb. 14, 2003 S 3 Prohibit Partial-Birth/Late Term Abortion bill Senate Sponsor
June 28, 2000 S Amdt 3655 Funding for Special Education Amendment Senate Co-sponsor
Nov. 8, 1999 S Amdt 2547 Three Year Minimum Wage Increase Amendment Senate Co-sponsor
Oct. 5, 1999 S 1692 Ban on Partial-Birth/Late Term Abortion Senate Sponsor
March 17, 1999 S J Res 14 Flag Desecration amendment Senate Co-sponsor
July 23, 1998 S Amdt 3258 Temporary Farm Workers Amendment Senate Co-sponsor
March 31, 1998 S Amdt 2209 Personal Retirement Accounts Amendment Senate Co-sponsor
March 27, 1998 S 1873 American Missile Protection bill Senate Co-sponsor
March 6, 1998 S 1723 Non-Immigrant Specialty Workers bill Senate Co-sponsor
Oct. 7, 1997 S 1260 Securities Litigation Senate Co-sponsor
Jan. 21, 1997 S 104 Nuclear Waste Disposal bill Senate Co-sponsor
Jan. 21, 1997 S J Res 1 Balanced Budget amendment Senate Co-sponsor
Oct. 12, 1995 S 1316 Safe Drinking Water Act Amendments of 1995 Senate Co-sponsor
March 21, 1995 S J Res 31 Flag Desecration Senate Co-sponsor
Jan. 4, 1995 S 4 Line-Item Veto bill Senate Co-sponsor
Feb. 4, 1993 H J Res 103 Balanced Budget Amendment House Co-sponsor

About the Selection and Descriptions of Key Votes

Project Vote Smart provides easy access to Congressional and State voting records and maintains a collection of key votes grouped by issue. Key votes typically include the initial passage of legislation and final conference report vote versions (the compromised versions of bills passed in separate House and Senate versions). Vote Smart uses the following criteria to select key votes:

  1. The vote should be helpful in portraying how a member stands on a particular issue
  2. The vote should be clear for any person to understand
  3. The vote has received media attention
  4. The vote was passed or defeated by a very close margin
  5. Occasionally, if a specific bill is consistently inquired about on the Voter's Research Hotline, the vote will be added

Descriptions of the votes are written by Vote Smart staff and based on information included in the Congressional Record, State House Journals, or Senate Journals, with additional background information from newspapers, magazines, etc. Vote Smart provides summaries for each selected key vote. The summary does not necessarily reflect the final version of the bill.

The Key Votes Program follows Project Vote Smart's strict policies, procedures and structure that guarantee absolute impartiality and accuracy. In order to ensure that all Key Votes are non-partisan in their selection and language, each is approved by a group of over 160 political scientists and journalists from all fifty states.

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