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Access Candidates' and Representatives' Biographies, Voting Records, Interest Group Ratings, Issue Positions, Public Statements, and Campaign Finances

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Selected Sponsorships

Date Bill No. Bill Title Outcome Vote
March 23, 1999 HR 1218 Child Custody Protection Act House Co-sponsor
Feb. 25, 1999 HR 8 Estate Tax Elimination Act of 2000 House Co-sponsor
Feb. 24, 1999 H J Res 33 Flag Desecration Resolution House Co-sponsor
Feb. 10, 1999 HR 6 Changes in Income Tax Deductions for Married Couples House Co-sponsor
Feb. 10, 1999 HR 701 Conservation and Reinvestment Act of 1999 House Co-sponsor
Feb. 4, 1999 HR 4 National Missile Defense bill House Co-sponsor
Jan. 6, 1999 HR 10 Financial Modernization bill House Co-sponsor
April 1, 1998 HR 3682 Child Custody Protection Act House Co-sponsor
Feb. 3, 1998 HR 3150 Bankruptcy Reform bill House Co-sponsor
Oct. 28, 1997 HR 2746 HELP Scholarships bill House Co-sponsor
Oct. 23, 1997 HR 2709 Iran Missile Sanctions bill House Co-sponsor
Sept. 8, 1997 HR 2431 Religious Freedom House Co-sponsor
Sept. 4, 1997 HR 2400 Transportation Reauthorization bill House Co-sponsor
July 31, 1997 HR 2358 China Political Freedom bill House Co-sponsor
May 6, 1997 HR 1534 Private Property Rights bill House Co-sponsor
March 11, 1997 HR 1003 Assisted Suicide Bill House Co-sponsor
Feb. 13, 1997 H J Res 54 Flag Desecration Constitutional Amendment House Co-sponsor
March 21, 1995 H J Res 79 Flag Desecration bill House Co-sponsor
Feb. 14, 1995 HR 927 Cuba Sanctions Bill House Co-sponsor
Jan. 4, 1995 HR 123 English as the National Language House Co-sponsor
Jan. 4, 1995 HR 7 Limiting U.S. Monetary and Troop Assistance to the United Nations House Co-sponsor
Feb. 23, 1993 HR 1036 Prevailing Wage Pre-emptions House Co-sponsor
Feb. 4, 1993 H J Res 103 Balanced Budget Amendment House Co-sponsor
Jan. 5, 1993 HR 20 Hatch Act Reform Bill House Co-sponsor

About the Selection and Descriptions of Key Votes

Project Vote Smart provides easy access to Congressional and State voting records and maintains a collection of key votes grouped by issue. Key votes typically include the initial passage of legislation and final conference report vote versions (the compromised versions of bills passed in separate House and Senate versions). Vote Smart uses the following criteria to select key votes:

  1. The vote should be helpful in portraying how a member stands on a particular issue
  2. The vote should be clear for any person to understand
  3. The vote has received media attention
  4. The vote was passed or defeated by a very close margin
  5. Occasionally, if a specific bill is consistently inquired about on the Voter's Research Hotline, the vote will be added

Descriptions of the votes are written by Vote Smart staff and based on information included in the Congressional Record, State House Journals, or Senate Journals, with additional background information from newspapers, magazines, etc. Vote Smart provides summaries for each selected key vote. The summary does not necessarily reflect the final version of the bill.

The Key Votes Program follows Project Vote Smart's strict policies, procedures and structure that guarantee absolute impartiality and accuracy. In order to ensure that all Key Votes are non-partisan in their selection and language, each is approved by a group of over 160 political scientists and journalists from all fifty states.

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