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Access Candidates' and Representatives' Biographies, Voting Records, Interest Group Ratings, Issue Positions, Public Statements, and Campaign Finances

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Selected Sponsorships

Date Bill No. Bill Title Outcome Vote
May 13, 2010 S Amdt 3832 Establishing Bankruptcy Process for Non-bank Financial Institutions Senate Co-sponsor
May 11, 2010 S Amdt 3760 Federal Reserve Audit Senate Co-sponsor
May 5, 2010 S Amdt 3826 Consumer Financial Protection Division Within The FDIC Senate Co-sponsor
Jan. 21, 2010 S J Res 26 Statement of Opposition to EPA Greenhouse Gas Rule Senate Co-sponsor
Jan. 20, 2010 S Amdt 3301 Ending the Troubled Asset Relief Program Senate Co-sponsor
Sept. 14, 2009 Amdt 2355 Prohibiting Funding for ACORN Senate Co-sponsor
July 16, 2009 S Amdt 1618 Authorizing Concealed Firearms Across State Lines Senate Co-sponsor
Jan. 13, 2009 S J Res 5 Releasing Funds for Economic Stabilization Act Senate Co-sponsor
July 26, 2007 S Amdt 2480 Border Fence and Customs Appropriations Senate Co-sponsor
June 6, 2007 S Amdt 1151 Declaring English the National Language Senate Co-sponsor
July 12, 2006 S Amdt 4615 Firearm Confiscation Prohibition Amendment Senate Co-sponsor
May 17, 2006 S AMDT 4064 English As National Language Amendment Senate Co-sponsor
April 14, 2005 S J Res 12 Flag Desecration Constitutional Amendment Senate Co-sponsor
Feb. 16, 2005 S 397 Firearms Manufacturers Protection Bill Senate Co-sponsor
Feb. 16, 2005 S 403 Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act Senate Co-sponsor
May 10, 2004 S Res 356 Resolution Condemning Abuse of Iraqi Prisoners House Co-sponsor
June 10, 2003 S Amdt 871 Reduction of Foreign Oil Dependence Amendment Senate Co-sponsor
May 23, 2003 S 1156 Department of Veterans Affairs Improvement Act of 2003 Senate Co-sponsor
Feb. 14, 2003 S 3 Prohibit Partial-Birth/Late Term Abortion bill Senate Co-sponsor
Jan. 13, 2003 S 150 Internet Access Tax Bill Senate Co-sponsor
March 20, 2001 S Amdt 115 Campaign Reform Act of 2001 Amendment Senate Co-sponsor
March 1, 2001 S J Res 6 Ergonomics Regulations Resolution Senate Co-sponsor
Feb. 9, 2000 S 2045 American Competitiveness in the 21st Century Act, 2000 Senate Co-sponsor
Oct. 5, 1999 S 1692 Ban on Partial-Birth/Late Term Abortion Senate Co-sponsor
March 17, 1999 S J Res 14 Flag Desecration amendment Senate Co-sponsor
Sept. 16, 1998 HR 4578 Social Security Account Protection bill House Co-sponsor
Sept. 16, 1998 HR 4579 Tax Cut bill House Co-sponsor
July 16, 1998 HR 4250 Patient Protection bill House Co-sponsor
April 1, 1998 HR 3682 Child Custody Protection Act House Co-sponsor
Feb. 26, 1998 H J Res 111 Tax Limitation Amendment House Co-sponsor
Jan. 27, 1998 HR 3097 Tax Code Termination bill House Co-sponsor
Nov. 6, 1997 HR 2846 National Student Testing bill House Co-sponsor
Oct. 9, 1997 HR 2646 Education Savings Accounts bill House Co-sponsor
Sept. 8, 1997 HR 2431 Religious Freedom House Co-sponsor
June 3, 1997 H J Res 79 China Most-Favored-Nation Resolution House Co-sponsor
May 8, 1997 H J Res 78 Religious Freedom Constitutional Amendment House Co-sponsor
May 6, 1997 HR 1534 Private Property Rights bill House Co-sponsor
March 11, 1997 HR 1003 Assisted Suicide Bill House Co-sponsor
Feb. 13, 1997 H J Res 54 Flag Desecration Constitutional Amendment House Co-sponsor
Jan. 7, 1997 H J Res 2 Term Limits Resolution House Co-sponsor
Jan. 7, 1997 HR 1 Compensatory Time Bill House Co-sponsor
May 7, 1996 HR 3396 Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) House Co-sponsor
Nov. 9, 1995 HR 2606 U.S. Troops in Bosnia Funding Bill House Co-sponsor
Aug. 4, 1995 HR 2202 Immigration Reform bill House Co-sponsor
June 14, 1995 HR 1833 Partial-Birth/Late-Term Abortion Ban Act of 1995 House Co-sponsor
March 21, 1995 H J Res 79 Flag Desecration bill House Co-sponsor
Jan. 30, 1995 HR 743 Teamwork for Employees and Managers Act of 1995 House Co-sponsor
Jan. 4, 1995 H J Res 1 Balanced Budget Proposed Constitutional Amendment House Co-sponsor
Jan. 4, 1995 HR 123 English as the National Language House Co-sponsor
Jan. 4, 1995 HR 125 Gun Ban Repeal Act of 1995 House Co-sponsor

About the Selection and Descriptions of Key Votes

Project Vote Smart provides easy access to Congressional and State voting records and maintains a collection of key votes grouped by issue. Key votes typically include the initial passage of legislation and final conference report vote versions (the compromised versions of bills passed in separate House and Senate versions). Vote Smart uses the following criteria to select key votes:

  1. The vote should be helpful in portraying how a member stands on a particular issue
  2. The vote should be clear for any person to understand
  3. The vote has received media attention
  4. The vote was passed or defeated by a very close margin
  5. Occasionally, if a specific bill is consistently inquired about on the Voter's Research Hotline, the vote will be added

Descriptions of the votes are written by Vote Smart staff and based on information included in the Congressional Record, State House Journals, or Senate Journals, with additional background information from newspapers, magazines, etc. Vote Smart provides summaries for each selected key vote. The summary does not necessarily reflect the final version of the bill.

The Key Votes Program follows Project Vote Smart's strict policies, procedures and structure that guarantee absolute impartiality and accuracy. In order to ensure that all Key Votes are non-partisan in their selection and language, each is approved by a group of over 160 political scientists and journalists from all fifty states.

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