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Selected Sponsorships

Date Bill No. Bill Title Outcome Vote
Feb. 5, 2003 HR 534 Cloning of Humans bill House Co-sponsor
Jan. 7, 2003 H J Res 4 Flag Burning Resolution House Co-sponsor
Oct. 2, 2002 H J Res 114 Use of Military Force Against Iraq House Co-sponsor
June 24, 2002 HR 5005 Establishing the Department of Homeland Security House Co-sponsor
May 23, 2001 HR 1954 Iran and Libya Sanctions House Co-sponsor
March 13, 2001 H J Res 36 Flag Burning Resolution House Co-sponsor
Feb. 7, 2001 HR 503 Unborn Victims of Violence Act House Co-sponsor
Feb. 15, 2000 HR 3660 Ban on Partial-Birth/Late Term Abortion House Co-sponsor
July 1, 1999 HR 2436 Unborn Victims of Violence Act of 1999 House Co-sponsor
June 22, 1999 HR 2300 Academic Achievement for All Act House Co-sponsor
June 17, 1999 HR 2260 Pain Relief Promotion Act of 1999 House Co-sponsor
June 7, 1999 H J Res 57 China Trade resolution House Co-sponsor
May 18, 1999 HR 1838 Taiwan Security Enhancement Act House Co-sponsor
May 4, 1999 H Con Res 94 National Day of Prayer Resolution House Co-sponsor
March 23, 1999 HR 1218 Child Custody Protection Act House Co-sponsor
March 4, 1999 HR 975 Steel Import Limitation bill House Co-sponsor
Feb. 25, 1999 HR 8 Estate Tax Elimination Act of 2000 House Co-sponsor
Feb. 24, 1999 H J Res 33 Flag Desecration Resolution House Co-sponsor
Feb. 24, 1999 HR 833 Bankruptcy Reform bill House Co-sponsor
Feb. 10, 1999 HR 6 Changes in Income Tax Deductions for Married Couples House Co-sponsor
April 1, 1998 HR 3682 Child Custody Protection Act House Co-sponsor
Feb. 26, 1998 H J Res 111 Tax Limitation Amendment House Co-sponsor
Feb. 12, 1998 H Res 364 Human Rights in China House Co-sponsor
Feb. 3, 1998 HR 3150 Bankruptcy Reform bill House Co-sponsor
Jan. 27, 1998 HR 3097 Tax Code Termination bill House Co-sponsor
Nov. 6, 1997 HR 2846 National Student Testing bill House Co-sponsor
Oct. 9, 1997 HR 2647 PLA Monitoring bill House Co-sponsor
Sept. 8, 1997 HR 2431 Religious Freedom House Co-sponsor
Sept. 4, 1997 HR 2400 Transportation Reauthorization bill House Co-sponsor
June 3, 1997 H J Res 79 China Most-Favored-Nation Resolution House Co-sponsor
May 8, 1997 H J Res 78 Religious Freedom Constitutional Amendment House Co-sponsor
May 6, 1997 HR 1534 Private Property Rights bill House Co-sponsor
April 10, 1997 HR 1270 Nuclear Waste Disposal bill House Co-sponsor
March 11, 1997 HR 1003 Assisted Suicide Bill House Co-sponsor
Feb. 27, 1997 HR 856 Puerto Rico Political Status bill House Co-sponsor
Feb. 13, 1997 H J Res 54 Flag Desecration Constitutional Amendment House Co-sponsor
May 7, 1996 HR 3396 Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) House Co-sponsor
Nov. 9, 1995 HR 2606 U.S. Troops in Bosnia Funding Bill House Co-sponsor
Oct. 30, 1995 H Res 247 Bosnia Troop Deployment Resolution House Co-sponsor
Aug. 4, 1995 HR 2202 Immigration Reform bill House Co-sponsor
June 14, 1995 HR 1833 Partial-Birth/Late-Term Abortion Ban Act of 1995 House Co-sponsor
March 21, 1995 H J Res 79 Flag Desecration bill House Co-sponsor
Feb. 14, 1995 HR 927 Cuba Sanctions Bill House Sponsor
Jan. 4, 1995 H J Res 1 Balanced Budget Proposed Constitutional Amendment House Co-sponsor
Jan. 4, 1995 HR 123 English as the National Language House Co-sponsor
Jan. 4, 1995 HR 125 Gun Ban Repeal Act of 1995 House Co-sponsor
Jan. 4, 1995 HR 2 Line Item Veto Act House Co-sponsor
Jan. 4, 1995 HR 4 Welfare Reform Bill House Co-sponsor
Jan. 4, 1995 HR 7 Limiting U.S. Monetary and Troop Assistance to the United Nations House Co-sponsor
Feb. 4, 1993 H J Res 103 Balanced Budget Amendment House Co-sponsor

About the Selection and Descriptions of Key Votes

Project Vote Smart provides easy access to Congressional and State voting records and maintains a collection of key votes grouped by issue. Key votes typically include the initial passage of legislation and final conference report vote versions (the compromised versions of bills passed in separate House and Senate versions). Vote Smart uses the following criteria to select key votes:

  1. The vote should be helpful in portraying how a member stands on a particular issue
  2. The vote should be clear for any person to understand
  3. The vote has received media attention
  4. The vote was passed or defeated by a very close margin
  5. Occasionally, if a specific bill is consistently inquired about on the Voter's Research Hotline, the vote will be added

Descriptions of the votes are written by Vote Smart staff and based on information included in the Congressional Record, State House Journals, or Senate Journals, with additional background information from newspapers, magazines, etc. Vote Smart provides summaries for each selected key vote. The summary does not necessarily reflect the final version of the bill.

The Key Votes Program follows Project Vote Smart's strict policies, procedures and structure that guarantee absolute impartiality and accuracy. In order to ensure that all Key Votes are non-partisan in their selection and language, each is approved by a group of over 160 political scientists and journalists from all fifty states.

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