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Access Candidates' and Representatives' Biographies, Voting Records, Interest Group Ratings, Issue Positions, Public Statements, and Campaign Finances

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Selected Sponsorships

Date Bill No. Bill Title Outcome Vote
Jan. 6, 2009 H J Res 3 Releasing Funds for Economic Stabilization Act House Co-sponsor
March 8, 2007 HR 1400 Iran Counter-Proliferation Act of 2007 House Co-sponsor
Feb. 9, 2007 HR 976 State Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP) Reauthorization House Co-sponsor
Sept. 19, 2006 HR 6099 Abortion Pain Bill House Co-sponsor
Sept. 13, 2006 HR 6061 Secure Fence Act of 2006 House Co-sponsor
June 26, 2006 HR 5682 U.S.and India Nuclear Cooperation Act of 2006 House Co-sponsor
June 19, 2006 HR 5638 Death/Estate Tax Amendment House Co-sponsor
June 6, 2006 H J Res 88 Same-Sex Marriage Resolution House Co-sponsor
Oct. 27, 2005 HR 4167 None House Co-sponsor
May 17, 2005 HR 2389 Pledge Protection Act of 2006 House Co-sponsor
Feb. 17, 2005 HR 8 Death/Estate Tax Repeal Permanency Act of 2005 House Co-sponsor
Feb. 10, 2005 HR 748 Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act House Co-sponsor
Feb. 1, 2005 HR 503 Horse Slaughter Prohibition Bill House Co-sponsor
Jan. 26, 2005 HR 418 Real ID Act of 2005 House Co-sponsor
Jan. 25, 2005 H J Res 10 Flag Desecration Resolution House Co-sponsor
Jan. 21, 2004 HR 3717 FCC Indecency Penalties Bill House Co-sponsor
May 8, 2003 HR 2028 Pledge of Allegiance Protection Bill House Co-sponsor
May 1, 2003 HR 1904 Healthy Forests Restoration Act of 2003 House Co-sponsor
Feb. 27, 2003 HR 1036 Protection of Lawful Commerce in Arms Act House Co-sponsor
Feb. 13, 2003 HR 760 Prohibit Partial-Birth/Late Term Abortion Bill House Co-sponsor
Feb. 5, 2003 HR 534 Cloning of Humans bill House Co-sponsor
Jan. 7, 2003 H J Res 4 Flag Burning Resolution House Co-sponsor
Oct. 2, 2002 H J Res 114 Use of Military Force Against Iraq House Co-sponsor
June 24, 2002 HR 5005 Establishing the Department of Homeland Security House Co-sponsor
May 1, 2002 HR 4635 Arming Pilots Against Terrorism Act House Co-sponsor
Nov. 14, 2001 HR 3295 Help America Vote Act of 2002 House Co-sponsor
May 23, 2001 HR 1954 Iran and Libya Sanctions House Co-sponsor
March 22, 2001 HR 1 No Child Left Behind Act House Co-sponsor
March 13, 2001 H J Res 36 Flag Burning Resolution House Co-sponsor
Feb. 15, 2000 HR 3660 Ban on Partial-Birth/Late Term Abortion House Co-sponsor
June 22, 1999 HR 2300 Academic Achievement for All Act House Co-sponsor
May 18, 1999 HR 1838 Taiwan Security Enhancement Act House Co-sponsor
March 23, 1999 HR 1218 Child Custody Protection Act House Co-sponsor
Feb. 25, 1999 HR 8 Estate Tax Elimination Act of 2000 House Co-sponsor
Feb. 24, 1999 H J Res 33 Flag Desecration Resolution House Co-sponsor
Feb. 24, 1999 HR 833 Bankruptcy Reform bill House Co-sponsor
Feb. 10, 1999 HR 6 Changes in Income Tax Deductions for Married Couples House Co-sponsor
Feb. 10, 1999 HR 701 Conservation and Reinvestment Act of 1999 House Co-sponsor
July 16, 1998 HR 4250 Patient Protection bill House Co-sponsor
April 1, 1998 HR 3682 Child Custody Protection Act House Co-sponsor
Feb. 26, 1998 H J Res 111 Tax Limitation Amendment House Co-sponsor
Jan. 27, 1998 HR 3097 Tax Code Termination bill House Co-sponsor
Nov. 6, 1997 HR 2846 National Student Testing bill House Co-sponsor
Oct. 9, 1997 HR 2646 Education Savings Accounts bill House Co-sponsor
May 8, 1997 H J Res 78 Religious Freedom Constitutional Amendment House Co-sponsor
May 6, 1997 HR 1534 Private Property Rights bill House Co-sponsor
April 10, 1997 HR 1270 Nuclear Waste Disposal bill House Co-sponsor
March 11, 1997 HR 1003 Assisted Suicide Bill House Co-sponsor
Feb. 13, 1997 H J Res 54 Flag Desecration Constitutional Amendment House Co-sponsor
Jan. 7, 1997 H J Res 2 Term Limits Resolution House Co-sponsor

About the Selection and Descriptions of Key Votes

Project Vote Smart provides easy access to Congressional and State voting records and maintains a collection of key votes grouped by issue. Key votes typically include the initial passage of legislation and final conference report vote versions (the compromised versions of bills passed in separate House and Senate versions). Vote Smart uses the following criteria to select key votes:

  1. The vote should be helpful in portraying how a member stands on a particular issue
  2. The vote should be clear for any person to understand
  3. The vote has received media attention
  4. The vote was passed or defeated by a very close margin
  5. Occasionally, if a specific bill is consistently inquired about on the Voter's Research Hotline, the vote will be added

Descriptions of the votes are written by Vote Smart staff and based on information included in the Congressional Record, State House Journals, or Senate Journals, with additional background information from newspapers, magazines, etc. Vote Smart provides summaries for each selected key vote. The summary does not necessarily reflect the final version of the bill.

The Key Votes Program follows Project Vote Smart's strict policies, procedures and structure that guarantee absolute impartiality and accuracy. In order to ensure that all Key Votes are non-partisan in their selection and language, each is approved by a group of over 160 political scientists and journalists from all fifty states.

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