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Access Candidates' and Representatives' Biographies, Voting Records, Interest Group Ratings, Issue Positions, Public Statements, and Campaign Finances

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Executive Actions

Date Bill No. Bill Title Outcome Vote
Oct. 22, 1999 HR 1906 FY 2000 Agriculture Appropriations bill Signed - Executive
Sign
June 23, 1998 S 1150 Agricultural Research bill Signed - Executive
Sign
Nov. 18, 1997 HR 2160 Agriculture FY98 Appropriations bill None - Executive
Line Item Veto
April 4, 1996 HR 2854 Agricultural Market Transition Act Signed - Executive
Sign
Oct. 21, 1995 HR 1976 Appropriations bill FY96, Agriculture Signed - Executive
Sign
Oct. 21, 1993 HR 2493 Agriculture Fiscal Year 1994 Appropriations Bill Signed - Executive
Sign

About the Selection and Descriptions of Key Votes

Project Vote Smart provides easy access to Congressional and State voting records and maintains a collection of key votes grouped by issue. Key votes typically include the initial passage of legislation and final conference report vote versions (the compromised versions of bills passed in separate House and Senate versions). Vote Smart uses the following criteria to select key votes:

  1. The vote should be helpful in portraying how a member stands on a particular issue
  2. The vote should be clear for any person to understand
  3. The vote has received media attention
  4. The vote was passed or defeated by a very close margin
  5. Occasionally, if a specific bill is consistently inquired about on the Voter's Research Hotline, the vote will be added

Descriptions of the votes are written by Vote Smart staff and based on information included in the Congressional Record, State House Journals, or Senate Journals, with additional background information from newspapers, magazines, etc. Vote Smart provides summaries for each selected key vote. The summary does not necessarily reflect the final version of the bill.

The Key Votes Program follows Project Vote Smart's strict policies, procedures and structure that guarantee absolute impartiality and accuracy. In order to ensure that all Key Votes are non-partisan in their selection and language, each is approved by a group of over 160 political scientists and journalists from all fifty states.

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