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Access Candidates' and Representatives' Biographies, Voting Records, Interest Group Ratings, Issue Positions, Public Statements, and Campaign Finances

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National Key Votes

Date Bill No. Bill Title Outcome Vote
June 19, 2012 S Amdt 2156 Increases Funding for the Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Program Amendment Rejected - Senate
(33 - 66)
Nay
Nov. 17, 2011 HR 2112 Appropriations for Agriculture, Rural Development, and the Food and Drug Administration Conference Report Adopted - Senate
(70 - 30)
Nay
Oct. 11, 2011 S 1660 American Jobs Act of 2011 Cloture Not Invoked - Senate
(50 - 49)
Did Not Vote
Aug. 5, 2010 HR 1586 Aid To States for Medicaid, Teacher Employment, and Other Purposes Concurrence Vote Passed - Senate
(61 - 39)
Nay
March 25, 2010 HR 4872 Health Care Reconciliation Act Bill Passed - Senate
(56 - 43)
Nay
July 25, 2006 S AMDT 4689 Teen Pregnancy Education Amendment Amendment Rejected - Senate
(48 - 51)
Nay
Oct. 27, 2005 HR 3010 Labor, HHS and Education FY 2006 Appropriations Bill Bill Passed - Senate
(94 - 3)
Yea
Oct. 27, 2005 S AMDT 2287 After School Funding Amendment Motion Rejected - Senate
(41 - 56)
Nay
Oct. 26, 2005 S AMDT 2275 Elementary and Secondary Education Act Amendment Motion Rejected - Senate
(44 - 51)
Nay
Oct. 26, 2005 S AMDT 2292 Individuals with Disabilities Education Amendment Motion Rejected - Senate
(46 - 53)
Nay
March 17, 2005 S AMDT 172 Perkins Vocational Education Program Amendment Amendment Rejected - Senate
(44 - 56)
Nay
March 17, 2005 S AMDT 177 Education Amendment Amendment Adopted - Senate
(51 - 49)
Nay
Oct. 21, 1999 HR 2 Education Funding for Disadvantaged Students-Passage Bill Passed - House
(358 - 67)
Nay
Oct. 21, 1999 HR 2300 Academic Achievement for All Act Bill Passed - House
(213 - 208)
Yea
July 20, 1999 HR 1995 Teacher Empowerment Act Bill Passed - House
(239 - 185)
Yea
April 21, 1999 HR 800 Education Flexibility Partnership Act of 1999 Conference Report Adopted - House
(368 - 57)
Yea
March 11, 1999 H Amdt 22 High Needs District Amendment Amendment Rejected - House
(195 - 223)
Nay
March 11, 1999 HR 800 Education Flexibility Partnership Act of 1999 Bill Passed - House
(330 - 90)
Yea
Aug. 6, 1998 H Amdt 874 Low Income Educational Scholarship Amendment Amendment Adopted - House
(214 - 208)
Yea
June 18, 1998 HR 2646 Education Savings Accounts bill Conference Report Adopted - House
(225 - 197)
Yea
April 30, 1998 S 1502 Washington, D.C. School Vouchers bill Bill Passed - House
(214 - 206)
Yea
Feb. 5, 1998 HR 2846 National Student Testing bill Bill Passed - House
(242 - 174)
Yea
Nov. 4, 1997 HR 2746 HELP Scholarships bill Bill Failed - House
(191 - 228)
Did Not Vote
Oct. 23, 1997 HR 2646 Education Savings Accounts bill Bill Passed - House
(230 - 198)
Yea
March 20, 1996 H Amdt 969 Denying Public Education to Undocumented Immigrants Amendment Adopted - House
(257 - 163)
Yea

About the Selection and Descriptions of Key Votes

Project Vote Smart provides easy access to Congressional and State voting records and maintains a collection of key votes grouped by issue. Key votes typically include the initial passage of legislation and final conference report vote versions (the compromised versions of bills passed in separate House and Senate versions). Vote Smart uses the following criteria to select key votes:

  1. The vote should be helpful in portraying how a member stands on a particular issue
  2. The vote should be clear for any person to understand
  3. The vote has received media attention
  4. The vote was passed or defeated by a very close margin
  5. Occasionally, if a specific bill is consistently inquired about on the Voter's Research Hotline, the vote will be added

Descriptions of the votes are written by Vote Smart staff and based on information included in the Congressional Record, State House Journals, or Senate Journals, with additional background information from newspapers, magazines, etc. Vote Smart provides summaries for each selected key vote. The summary does not necessarily reflect the final version of the bill.

The Key Votes Program follows Project Vote Smart's strict policies, procedures and structure that guarantee absolute impartiality and accuracy. In order to ensure that all Key Votes are non-partisan in their selection and language, each is approved by a group of over 160 political scientists and journalists from all fifty states.

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