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How To Interpret These Evaluations

Business and Consumers

2012 National Association of Manufacturers - Positions of 112th Congress 100% 2012 National Electrical Contractors Association - Positions 60% 2012 United States Chamber of Commerce - Lifetime Score 100% 2012 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 100% 2011-2012 American Council of Engineering Companies - Positions 85 2011-2012 Independent Electrical Contractors - Positions (House) 100% 2011-2012 National Association of Manufacturers - Positions 100% 2011-2012 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 100% 2011-2012 National Retail Federation - Positions: International Trade 100% 2011-2012 National Stone, Sand & Gravel Association - Positions 100% 2011-2012 Plumbing-Heating-Cooling Contractors-National Association - Positions 100% 2011-2012 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 100% 2011 National Electrical Contractors Association - Positions (House Only) 100% 2011 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 100% 2011 National Retail Federation - Positions 100% 2011 National Small Business Association - Positions 100% 2011 National Stone, Sand & Gravel Association - Positions 100% 2011 The National Lumber and Building Material Dealers Association - Positions 100% 2011 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 100% 2009 Greater North Dakota Chamber of Commerce - Positions 86% 2007-2008 North Dakota National Federation of Independent Business - Positions on Pro-Small Business Policy 83 2007 Greater North Dakota Chamber of Commerce - Positions 100% 2005 Greater North Dakota Chamber of Commerce - Positions 100% 2005 North Dakota National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 80% 2003-2004 North Dakota National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 90% 2003 Greater North Dakota Chamber of Commerce - Positions 88% 2001 Greater North Dakota Chamber of Commerce - Positions 86% 2001 North Dakota National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 88% 1999 North Dakota National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 89% 1997-1998 North Dakota National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 100%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Project Vote Smart displays all known interest group ratings for each candidate and official, regardless of issue or bias.

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.