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Laura Richardson

Laura Richardson's Ratings and Endorsements

Full Name: Laura Richardson

Budget, Spending and Taxes

2012 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 100%
2012 Alliance for Retired Americans - Lifetime Score 100%
2012 Bread for the World - Positions 100%
2012 Drum Major Institute for Public Policy/TheMiddleClass.org - Positions 86%
2012 FreedomWorks - Positions 16%
2012 National Taxpayers Union - Positions on Tax and Spending 13%
2012 National Taxpayers Union - Positions on Tax and Spending 13%
2012 Sargent Shriver National Center on Poverty Law - Positions 100%
2012 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 100%
2011 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 100%
2011 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 8%
2011 Drum Major Institute for Public Policy/TheMiddleClass.org - Positions 100%
2011 FreedomWorks - Positions 8%
2011 National Taxpayers Union - Positions on Tax and Spending 17%
2011 National Taxpayers Union - Positions on Tax and Spending 17%
2011 Sargent Shriver National Center on Poverty Law - Positions 94%
2011 The Club for Growth - Positions 15%
2010 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 5%
2010 FreedomWorks - Positions 11%
2010 National Taxpayers Union - Positions on Tax and Spending 7%
2010 Sargent Shriver National Center on Poverty Law - Positions 94%
2010 The Club for Growth - Positions 0%
2009-2010 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 2%
2009-2010 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 96%
2009 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 100%
2009 Alliance for Retired Americans - Lifetime Score 100%
2009 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 2%
2009 FreedomWorks - Positions 0%
2009 Heritage Alliance - Positions 5%
2009 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 3%
2009 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 3%
2009 Republican Liberty Caucus - Economic Liberties Score 0%
2009 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Personal Liberties 23%
2009 Sargent Shriver National Center on Poverty Law - Positions 100
2009 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 100%
2009 The Club for Growth - Positions 2%
2008 Alliance for Retired Americans - Lifetime Score 100%
2008 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 100%
2008 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 2%
2008 Citizens Against Government Waste - Lifetime Score 2%
2008 Drum Major Institute for Public Policy/TheMiddleClass.org - Positions on Middle Class Advocacy 89
2008 FreedomWorks - Positions 0%
2008 National Taxpayers Union - Fiscally Conservative Score F
2008 National Taxpayers Union - Fiscally Conservative Score F
2008 Sargent Shriver National Center on Poverty Law - Positions 93%
2008 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 100%
2008 The Club for Growth - Positions 0%
2007-2008 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 0%
2007 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 100%
2007 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 0%
2007 California Taxpayers' Association - Positions on Tax and Fiscal Policy 50
2007 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 0%
2007 Drum Major Institute for Public Policy/TheMiddleClass.org - Positions on Middle Class Advocacy 100
2007 FreedomWorks - Positions 5%
2007 Howard Jarvis Taxpayers Association - Positions 31.2
2007 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 26%

Business and Consumers

2012 National Association of Manufacturers - Positions of 112th Congress 22%
2012 National Education Association - Positions 100%
2012 National Education Association - Positions 100%
2012 National Electrical Contractors Association - Positions 60%
2012 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 100%
2012 United States Chamber of Commerce - Lifetime Score 41%
2012 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 27%
2011-2012 American Association of University Women - Positions 100
2011-2012 American Council of Engineering Companies - Positions 73
2011-2012 Financial Executives International - Positions 86%
2011-2012 Food Policy Action - Positions 79%
2011-2012 Independent Electrical Contractors - Positions (House) 25%
2011-2012 International Foodservice Distributors Association - Positions (House) 25%
2011-2012 National Association for College Admission Counseling - Positions 83%
2011-2012 National Association of Manufacturers - Positions 24%
2011-2012 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 8%
2011-2012 National Retail Federation - Positions: International Trade 0%
2011-2012 National Stone, Sand & Gravel Association - Positions 38%
2011-2012 Plumbing-Heating-Cooling Contractors-National Association - Positions 33%
2011-2012 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 30%
2011-2012 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 100%
2011 National Association for College Admission Counseling - Positions 100%
2011 National Education Association - Positions 100%
2011 National Education Association - Positions 100%
2011 National Electrical Contractors Association - Positions (House Only) 100%
2011 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 9%
2011 National Retail Federation - Positions 14%
2011 National Small Business Association - Positions 66%
2011 National Stone, Sand & Gravel Association - Positions 25%
2011 The National Lumber and Building Material Dealers Association - Positions 20%
2011 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 38%
2010 The National Lumber and Building Material Dealers Association - Positions 50%
2010 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 25%
2009-2010 American Association of University Women - Positions 91%
2009-2010 American Council of Engineering Companies - Positions 70%
2009-2010 Associated General Contractors of America - Positions 37%
2009-2010 Independent Electrical Contractors - Positions 0%
2009-2010 International Foodservice Distributors Association - Positions 0%
2009-2010 International Warehouse Logistics Association - Positions 20%
2009-2010 National Association for College Admission Counseling - Positions 100%
2009-2010 National Association for the Self-Employed - U.S. House Score 100%
2009-2010 National Association of Manufacturers - Positions 35%
2009-2010 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 29%
2009-2010 National Retail Federation - Positions 25%
2009-2010 National Stone, Sand & Gravel Association - Positions 44%
2009-2010 School Nutrition Association - Positions (House Only) 100%
2009-2010 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 96%
2009-2010 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 0%
2009 American Association of University Women - Positions 89%
2009 Heritage Alliance - Positions 5%
2009 National Education Association - Positions on Public Education Teaching Profession Issues A
2009 National Education Association - Positions on Public Education Teaching Profession Issues A
2009 Population Connection - Committee Votes Score 100%
2009 The National Lumber and Building Material Dealers Association - Positions 20%
2009 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 31%
2008-2011 Global Exchange - Percent Loyalty to Finance, Insurance, Real Estate Lobby 14%
2008 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 20%
2008 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 100%
2008 United States Chamber of Commerce - Lifetime Score 63%
2008 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 59%
2007-2008 American Association of University Women - Positions 100%
2007-2008 American Council of Engineering Companies - Positions 71%
2007-2008 American Forest and Paper Association - Forest Products Advocacy Score 66%
2007-2008 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 0%
2007-2008 Associated General Contractors of America - Positions 100%
2007-2008 International Foodservice Distributors Association - Positions 0%
2007-2008 International Warehouse Logistics Association - Positions 20%
2007-2008 National Association for College Admission Counseling - Positions 72%
2007-2008 National Association of Manufacturers - Positions 23%
2007-2008 National Education Association - Positions on Public Education Teaching Profession Issues A
2007-2008 National Education Association - Positions on Public Education Teaching Profession Issues A
2007-2008 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 60
2007-2008 National Restaurant Association - Positions on Restaurant Advocacy 100
2007-2008 National Retail Federation - Positions Retail Industry Advocacy 40%
2007-2008 National Small Business Association - Positions 63%
2007-2008 National Stone, Sand & Gravel Association - Positions 66%
2007-2008 Plumbing-Heating-Cooling Contractors-National Association - Positions 100%
2007-2008 School Nutrition Association - Positions 0%
2007-2008 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 100%
2007 American Association of University Women - Positions 100
2007 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 0%
2007 Consumer Federation of California - Positions 80%
2007 National Association for College Admission Counseling - Positions 66%
2007 National Association of Elementary School Principals - Positions 100%
2007 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 26%
2007 The National Lumber and Building Material Dealers Association - Positions 0%
2007 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 67%

Civil Liberties and Civil Rights

2012 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 85%
2012 Drum Major Institute for Public Policy/TheMiddleClass.org - Positions 86%
2012 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 67%
2012 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Positions on Civil Rights 100%
2012 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Total Score 95%
2011-2012 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 100%
2011-2012 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 95%
2011-2012 United States Campaign to End the Israeli Occupation - Positions on International Middle East Human Rights 44%
2011 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions (House Only) 100%
2011 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 95%
2011 Drum Major Institute for Public Policy/TheMiddleClass.org - Positions 100%
2011 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) 100%
2010 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 95%
2009-2010 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 94%
2009-2010 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 90%
2009-2010 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Net Congressional Score 68%
2009-2010 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Progressive Action Score 47%
2009-2010 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Positions 100%
2009-2010 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - Positions 95%
2009-2010 United States Campaign to End the Israeli Occupation - Positions on International Middle East Human Rights -4%
2009 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 100%
2009 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Regressive Action Score 5%
2009 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - Positions 92%
2009 United States Campaign to End the Israeli Occupation - Positions on International Middle East Human Rights -3%
2008 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 100%
2008 Drum Major Institute for Public Policy/TheMiddleClass.org - Positions on Middle Class Advocacy 89
2007-2008 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 75%
2007-2008 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 100%
2007-2008 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Positions on Civil and Human 48
2007-2008 National Organization for Women - Positions 100%
2007-2008 The Arc - Positions 60%
2007-2008 United States Campaign to End the Israeli Occupation - Positions on International Middle East Human Rights -3
2007 Asian Americans for Civil Rights and Equality - Positions on Civil Rights & Equality 100
2007 Drum Major Institute for Public Policy/TheMiddleClass.org - Positions on Middle Class Advocacy 100
2007 Equality California - Positions on LGBT Rights 100
2007 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Positions 20%
2007 United States Campaign to End the Israeli Occupation - Positions on International Middle East Human Rights -1
2007 United To End Genocide - Positions on Darfur A
2006-2012 Global Exchange - Percent Loyalty to Finance, Insurance, Real Estate Lobby 14%

Conservative

2012 American Conservative Union - Ratings of Congress 4%
2012 American Conservative Union - Lifetime Score 2%
2012 Catholic Advocate - Positions 0%
2012 Eagle Forum - Positions 0%
2012 Eagle Forum - Positions 0%
2012 Family Research Council - Positions 0%
2012 FreedomWorks - Positions 16%
2012 National Journal - House Conservative (Economic) 16%
2012 National Journal - House Conservative (Foreign) 39%
2012 National Journal - House Conservative (Social) 0%
2012 National Journal - House Conservative (Composite Score) 21%
2012 National Taxpayers Union - Positions on Tax and Spending 13%
2012 The Club for Growth - Positions 17%
2012 The John Birch Society - Positions 33%
2012 The John Birch Society - Positions 33%
2011-2012 Americans for Prosperity - Positions 9%
2011-2012 Americans for Prosperity - Lifetime score 6%
2011-2012 Americans for Prosperity - Lifetime score 6%
2011-2012 Americans for Prosperity - Positions 9%
2011-2012 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 4%
2011-2012 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 4%
2011-2012 Concerned Women for America - Positions 10%
2011-2012 Concerned Women for America - Positions 10%
2011-2012 Heritage Action for America - Positions 13%
2011-2012 Heritage Action for America - Positions 13%
2011-2012 Heritage Action for America - Positions 13%
2011-2012 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Net Congressional Score 69%
2011-2012 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0%
2011 American Conservative Union - Positions 8%
2011 American Conservative Union - Lifetime Score 2%
2011 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 0%
2011 Concerned Women for America - Positions 11%
2011 Concerned Women for America - Positions 11%
2011 Eagle Forum - Positions 23%
2011 Eagle Forum - Positions 23%
2011 Family Research Council - Positions 10%
2011 FreedomWorks - Positions 8%
2011 Heritage Action for America - Positions (House Only) 0%
2011 Heritage Action for America - Positions (House Only) 0%
2011 Heritage Action for America - Positions (House Only) 0%
2011 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 23%
2011 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 12%
2011 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 84%
2011 National Journal - Conservative Composite Score 23%
2011 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy Score 33%
2011 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0%
2011 National Taxpayers Union - Positions on Tax and Spending 17%
2011 The Club for Growth - Positions 15%
2011 The John Birch Society - Positions (Summer-Fall) 30%
2011 The John Birch Society - Positions (Spring-Summer) 30%
2011 The John Birch Society - Positions (Spring-Summer) 30%
2011 The John Birch Society - Positions (Summer-Fall) 30%
2011 The New American - Positions on Conservative Issues 30%
2010 American Conservative Union - Positions 0%
2010 American Conservative Union - Lifetime Score 0%
2010 Eagle Forum - Positions 0%
2010 Eagle Forum - Positions 0%
2010 FreedomWorks - Positions 11%
2010 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 24%
2010 National Journal - Liberal on Economic Policy Score 66%
2010 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy Score 33%
2010 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 22%
2010 National Journal - Conservative Composite Score 27%
2010 The Club for Growth - Positions 0%
2010 The John Birch Society - Positions (May 2010 - September 2010) 10%
2010 The John Birch Society - Positions (May 2010 - September 2010) 10%
2009-2010 American Family Association - Positions 0%
2009-2010 Americans for Prosperity - Positions 0%
2009-2010 Americans for Prosperity - Positions 0%
2009-2010 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 0%
2009-2010 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 0%
2009-2010 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 0%
2009-2010 Concerned Women for America - Positions 0%
2009-2010 Concerned Women for America - Positions 0%
2009-2010 Family Research Council - Positions 0%
2009-2010 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0%
2009-2010 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 2%
2009-2010 The John Birch Society - Positions (Full Session) 13%
2009-2010 The John Birch Society - Positions (Full Session) 13%
2009-2010 The John Birch Society - Positions (November 2009 - June 2010) 20%
2009-2010 The John Birch Society - Positions (November 2009 - June 2010) 20%
2009-2010 The John Birch Society - Positions (January 2009 - June 2010 13%
2009-2010 The John Birch Society - Positions (January 2009 - June 2010 13%
2009 American Conservative Union - Positions 0%
2009 American Conservative Union - Lifetime Score 0%
2009 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 0%
2009 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 0%
2009 Eagle Forum - Positions 0%
2009 Eagle Forum - Positions 0%
2009 FreedomWorks - Positions 0%
2009 Heritage Alliance - Positions 5%
2009 Heritage Alliance - Positions 5%
2009 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 34%
2009 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy Score 32%
2009 National Journal - Composite Conservative Score 34%
2009 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 35%
2009 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0%
2009 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 3%
2009 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Personal Liberties 23%
2009 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Personal Liberties 23%
2009 Republican Liberty Caucus - Economic Liberties Score 0%
2009 Republican Liberty Caucus - Economic Liberties Score 0%
2009 The Club for Growth - Positions 2%
2009 The John Birch Society - Positions (January 2009 - June 2009) 20%
2009 The John Birch Society - Positions (Full Year) 10%
2009 The John Birch Society - Positions (Full Year) 10%
2009 The John Birch Society - Positions (June 2009 - November 2009) 0%
2009 The John Birch Society - Positions (January 2009 - June 2009) 20%
2009 The John Birch Society - Positions (June 2009 - November 2009) 0%
2008 American Conservative Union - Positions 0%
2008 Eagle Forum - Positions 33%
2008 Eagle Forum - Positions 33%
2008 FreedomWorks - Positions 0%
2008 National Journal - Composite Conservative Score 26.8%
2008 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy Score 33%
2008 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 28%
2008 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 17%
2008 National Taxpayers Union - Fiscally Conservative Score F
2008 The Club for Growth - Positions 0%
2007-2009 The New American - Positions on Conservative Issues 5%
2007-2008 Americans for Prosperity - Positions 0%
2007-2008 Americans for Prosperity - Positions 0%
2007-2008 Campaign for Working Families - Positions on Conservative Issues 0
2007-2008 Campaign for Working Families - Positions on Conservative Issues 0
2007-2008 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 0%
2007-2008 Concerned Women for America - Positions 60%
2007-2008 Concerned Women for America - Positions 60%
2007-2008 Family Research Council - Positions 50%
2007-2008 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 0%
2007-2008 The John Birch Society - Positions 5%
2007-2008 The John Birch Society - Positions 5%
2007 American Conservative Union - Positions 0%
2007 Americans for Prosperity - Positions 0%
2007 Americans for Prosperity - Positions 0%
2007 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 0%
2007 Family Research Council - Positions 0
2007 FreedomWorks - Positions 5%
2007 GOPUSA - Positions 0%
2007 GOPUSA - Positions 0%
2007 GOPUSA - Positions 0%
2001-2010 Keep America Safe - Positions 13%

Education

2012 American Library Association - Positions 38%
2012 National Education Association - Positions 100%
2012 National Education Association - Positions 100%
2012 The American Hellenic Educational Progressive Association - Legislation Evaluation (House Only) 0%
2011-2012 American Association of University Women - Positions 100
2011-2012 American Security Council Foundation - Positions 50%
2011-2012 National Association for College Admission Counseling - Positions 83%
2011-2012 The American Hellenic Educational Progressive Association - Positions 0%
2011 American Library Association - Positions 11%
2011 American Security Council Foundation - Positions 50%
2011 National Association for College Admission Counseling - Positions 100%
2011 National Education Association - Positions 100%
2011 National Education Association - Positions 100%
2010 American Library Association - Positions 0%
2010 American Security Council Foundation - Positions 22%
2010 Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL) - Positions 100%
2009-2010 American Association of University Women - Positions 91%
2009-2010 National Association for College Admission Counseling - Positions 100%
2009-2010 School Nutrition Association - Positions (House Only) 100%
2009-2010 The American Hellenic Educational Progressive Association - Positions 29%
2009 American Association of University Women - Positions 89%
2009 American Library Association - Positions 13%
2009 American Security Council Foundation - Positions 50%
2009 National Education Association - Positions on Public Education Teaching Profession Issues A
2009 National Education Association - Positions on Public Education Teaching Profession Issues A
2009 Population Connection - Committee Votes Score 100%
2009 Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL) - U.S. House Score 100%
2008 American Library Association - Positions 0%
2007-2008 American Association of University Women - Positions 100%
2007-2008 American Security Council Foundation - Positions 50%
2007-2008 National Association for College Admission Counseling - Positions 72%
2007-2008 National Education Association - Positions on Public Education Teaching Profession Issues A
2007-2008 National Education Association - Positions on Public Education Teaching Profession Issues A
2007-2008 School Nutrition Association - Positions 0%
2007-2008 The American Hellenic Educational Progressive Association - Greek American Issues Score 26%
2007 American Association of University Women - Positions 100
2007 American Library Association - Positions 10%
2007 Association For Supervision and Curriculum Development - Positions 100%
2007 National Association for College Admission Counseling - Positions 66%
2007 National Association of Elementary School Principals - Positions 100%
2007 Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL) - Positions 100%

Environment

2012 League of Conservation Voters - Positions 89%
2012 League of Conservation Voters - Lifetime Score 91%
2012 Sierra Club - Positions on Clean water (House Only) 93%
2011-2012 Clean Water Action - Positions 100%
2011-2012 Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund - Positions 97%
2011-2012 Environment America - Positions 88%
2011-2012 Food Policy Action - Positions 79%
2011-2012 League of Conservation Voters - Session Score 90%
2011-2012 National Parks Conservation Association - Positions (House Only) 71%
2011 Clean Water Action California - Positions (Congressional) 100%
2011 Environment America - Positions 90%
2011 League of Conservation Voters - Lifetime Score 92%
2011 League of Conservation Voters - Positions 91%
2011 Sierra Club - Positions on Clean Water (House Only) 92%
2011 Women's Action for New Directions (WAND) and-WILL - Positions (House Only) 77
2010-2011 Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund - Positions 95%
2010 League of Conservation Voters - Lifetime Score 92%
2010 League of Conservation Voters - Positions 90%
2009-2010 Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund - Positions 100%
2009-2010 League of Conservation Voters - Positions 96%
2009-2010 National Parks Conservation Association - Positions 83%
2009 Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund - Positions 100%
2009 Environment America - Positions 93%
2009 League of Conservation Voters - Positions 100%
2007-2008 Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund - Positions 71%
2007-2008 League of Conservation Voters - Positions 88%
2007-2008 The National Mining Association - Positions 33%
2007 League of Conservation Voters - First Session Score 100%
2006-2012 Global Exchange - Percent Loyalty to Finance, Insurance, Real Estate Lobby 14%

Foreign Affairs

2012 Arab American Institute - Positions on Arab-American Issues 17%
2012 Armenian National Committee of America - Positions 77%
2012 Bread for the World - Positions 100%
2012 Citizens for Global Solutions - Global Issues Score 83%
2012 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 67%
2012 National Journal - House Liberal (Foreign) 61%
2012 Peace Action - Positions 68%
2011-2012 ACT! for America - Positions 8%
2011-2012 American Security Council Foundation - Positions 50%
2011-2012 PeacePAC - Positions (PeacePAC is sister organization of Council for a Livable World rating House Only) 67%
2011-2012 United States Campaign to End the Israeli Occupation - Positions on International Middle East Human Rights 44%
2011-2012 USA Engage - Positions 38%
2011 American Security Council Foundation - Positions 50%
2011 Arab American Institute - Positions on Arab-American Issues 25%
2011 Citizens for Global Solutions - Global Issues Score 82%
2011 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 50%
2011 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 84%
2011 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 12%
2011 Peace Action West - Positions 69%
2010 American Security Council Foundation - Positions 22%
2010 Citizens for Global Solutions - Global Issues Score A+
2010 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 22%
2010 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 77%
2010 Peace Action - Positions 75%
2010 Peace Action West - Positions 75%
2009-2010 ACT! for America - Positions 50%
2009-2010 Council for a Livable World - Positions 66%
2009-2010 PeacePAC - Positions (PeacePAC is sister organization of Council for a Livable World rating House Only) 66%
2009-2010 United States Campaign to End the Israeli Occupation - Positions on International Middle East Human Rights -4%
2009-2010 USA Engage - Positions 40%
2009-2010 Washington Report on Middle East Affairs (WRMEA) - Positions 20%
2009 American Security Council Foundation - Positions 50%
2009 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 42%
2009 Latin America Working Group - Positions 25%
2009 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 65%
2009 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 35%
2009 NewPolicy.org - Positions on International Middle East Policy Advocacy 0%
2009 Peace Action West - Positions 62%
2009 Resolve Uganda - Lifetime Score 25%
2009 United States Campaign to End the Israeli Occupation - Positions on International Middle East Human Rights -3%
2008 Armenian National Committee of America - Positions on Armenian American Issues B+
2008 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 100%
2008 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 78%
2008 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 17%
2008 Peace Action West - Positions 80%
2008 Resolve Uganda - Lifetime Score F
2007-2009 Citizens for Global Solutions - Global Issues Score A+
2007-2008 ACT! for America - Positions 0%
2007-2008 American Security Council Foundation - Positions 50%
2007-2008 Council for a Livable World - Positions 87%
2007-2008 Nuclear Age Peace Foundation - Positions 0%
2007-2008 United States Campaign to End the Israeli Occupation - Positions on International Middle East Human Rights -3
2007-2008 Washington Report on Middle East Affairs (WRMEA) - Positions +1
2007 Council for a Livable World - Positions 7%
2007 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 100%
2007 Latin America Working Group - Positions 10%
2007 Peace Action West - Positions 100%
2007 United States Campaign to End the Israeli Occupation - Positions on International Middle East Human Rights -1
2007 United To End Genocide - Positions on Darfur A
2006-2012 Global Exchange - Percent Loyalty to Finance, Insurance, Real Estate Lobby 14%

Government Operations

2012 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 100%
2012 Alliance for Retired Americans - Lifetime Score 100%
2012 Bread for the World - Positions 100%
2012 FreedomWorks - Positions 16%
2012 National Taxpayers Union - Positions on Tax and Spending 13%
2012 National Taxpayers Union - Positions on Tax and Spending 13%
2012 Sargent Shriver National Center on Poverty Law - Positions 100%
2012 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 100%
2011 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 100%
2011 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 8%
2011 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 8%
2011 FreedomWorks - Positions 8%
2011 National Taxpayers Union - Positions on Tax and Spending 17%
2011 National Taxpayers Union - Positions on Tax and Spending 17%
2011 Sargent Shriver National Center on Poverty Law - Positions 94%
2011 The Club for Growth - Positions 15%
2010 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 5%
2010 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 5%
2010 FreedomWorks - Positions 11%
2010 Sargent Shriver National Center on Poverty Law - Positions 94%
2010 The Club for Growth - Positions 0%
2009-2010 American Immigration Lawyers Association - U.S. House Score 100%
2009-2010 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 2%
2009-2010 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 96%
2009 Alliance for Retired Americans - Lifetime Score 100%
2009 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 100%
2009 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 2%
2009 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 2%
2009 FreedomWorks - Positions 0%
2009 Heritage Alliance - Positions 5%
2009 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 3%
2009 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 3%
2009 Republican Liberty Caucus - Economic Liberties Score 0%
2009 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Personal Liberties 23%
2009 Sargent Shriver National Center on Poverty Law - Positions 100
2009 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 100%
2009 The Club for Growth - Positions 2%
2008 Alliance for Retired Americans - Lifetime Score 100%
2008 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 100%
2008 Citizens Against Government Waste - Lifetime Score 2%
2008 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 2%
2008 Citizens Against Government Waste - Lifetime Score 2%
2008 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 2%
2008 FreedomWorks - Positions 0%
2008 National Taxpayers Union - Fiscally Conservative Score F
2008 National Taxpayers Union - Fiscally Conservative Score F
2008 Sargent Shriver National Center on Poverty Law - Positions 93%
2008 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 100%
2008 The Club for Growth - Positions 0%
2007-2008 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 0%
2007 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 100%
2007 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 0%
2007 California Taxpayers' Association - Positions on Tax and Fiscal Policy 50
2007 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 0%
2007 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 0%
2007 FreedomWorks - Positions 5%
2007 Howard Jarvis Taxpayers Association - Positions 31.2
2007 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 26%

Health and Health Care

2012 AIDS Drug Assistance Program (ADAP) Advocacy Association - Positions 25%
2012 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions captured June, 2012 (reflect voting records of past 6 years) 100%
2012 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 100%
2011-2012 Food Policy Action - Positions 79%
2011-2012 Food Policy Action - Positions 79%
2011-2012 International Foodservice Distributors Association - Positions (House) 25%
2011-2012 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0%
2011-2012 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 100%
2011 AIDS Drug Assistance Program (ADAP) Advocacy Association - Positions 100%
2011 American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists - Positions (House Only) 100%
2011 American Nurses Association - Positions 100%
2011 American Veterinary Medical Assoctiation - Positions on Professional Advocacy 100%
2011 Association of University Centers on Disabilities - Positions 75%
2011 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0%
2011 The Children's Health Fund - Positions (House Only) 100%
2010 American Public Health Association - Positions 100%
2010 American Society for Radiation Oncology - U.S. House Score 0%
2010 National Association of Social Workers - House of Representatives Score 100%
2010 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions 100%
2009-2010 Alzheimer's Impact Movement - Positions 67%
2009-2010 American Hospital Association - Positions 25%
2009-2010 International Foodservice Distributors Association - Positions 0%
2009-2010 National Breast Cancer Coalition - Positions 75%
2009-2010 National Family Planning & Reproductive Health Association - House of Representatives Score 100%
2009-2010 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0%
2009-2010 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 96%
2009-2010 St. Joseph Health System - Positions 100%
2009 AIDS Drug Assistance Program (ADAP) Advocacy Association - Positions on AIDS Drug Assistance 30%
2009 American Nurses Association - Positions 100%
2009 American Public Health Association - Positions 100%
2009 American Society for Radiation Oncology - Positions 100%
2009 Association of University Centers on Disabilities - Positions 88%
2009 National Association of Social Workers - Positions 100%
2009 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0%
2009 The Children's Health Fund - Positions 66%
2008 Academy of General Dentistry - Positions 100%
2008 American Public Health Association - Positions 100%
2008 National Association of Social Workers - Positions 40%
2008 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions 100%
2008 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 100%
2008 The Leukemia & Lymphoma Society - U.S. House Score 100%
2007-2008 American Hospital Association - Positions 14%
2007-2008 International Foodservice Distributors Association - Positions 0%
2007-2008 National Association for Addiction Professionals (formerly National Association of Alcohol and Drug Abuse Counselors) - Positions 100%
2007-2008 National Breast Cancer Coalition - Positions 0%
2007-2008 St. Joseph Health System - Positions 100
2007-2008 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 100%
2007 Academy of General Dentistry - Positions (House Only) 100%
2007 American Academy of Family Physicians - Positions 100%
2007 American Public Health Association - Positions 100%
2007 American Society for Radiation Oncology - Positions 100%
2007 Association of University Centers on Disabilities - Positions 66%
2007 Depression and Bipolar Support Alliance - Positions 100
2007 League of Women Voters - Children's Health Issues Score 100%
2007 National Association of Social Workers - Positions 100%
2007 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 26%
2007 The Children's Health Fund - Positions 100%

Labor Unions

2012 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 90%
2012 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Lifetime Score 97%
2012 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 94%
2012 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 100%
2011-2012 International Foodservice Distributors Association - Positions (House) 25%
2011-2012 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 100%
2011 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 100%
2011 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 100%
2011 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 100%
2011 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Lifetime Score 100%
2011 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 71%
2010 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 93%
2010 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 92%
2010 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 100%
2010 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 100%
2010 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - House of Representatives Score 100%
2009-2010 Communications Workers of America - Positions 100%
2009-2010 International Brotherhood of Teamsters - Positions 93%
2009-2010 International Foodservice Distributors Association - Positions 0%
2009-2010 National Farmers Union - Positions 100%
2009-2010 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 96%
2009 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 100%
2009 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 100%
2009 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Lifetime Score 100%
2009 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 100%
2009 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 100%
2009 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 100%
2009 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 100%
2009 United Auto Workers - Positions 100%
2009 Women Employed - Positions 50%
2008 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 100%
2008 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Lifetime Score 100%
2008 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 100%
2008 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Lifetime Score 100%
2008 Center for Worker Freedom - Positions 0%
2008 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 100%
2008 Latin America Working Group - Positions 0%
2008 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 100%
2008 United Electrical Radio and Machine Workers - Positions 80
2008 Utility Workers Union of America - Positions 100%
2007-2008 International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers - Positions 100%
2007-2008 International Foodservice Distributors Association - Positions 0%
2007-2008 National Farmers Union - Family Farm Advocacy Score 100
2007-2008 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 100%
2007 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 100%
2007 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 100%
2007 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 100%
2007 California Labor Federation, AFL-CIO - Positions on Workplace Rights 94
2007 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 75%
2007 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 20
2007 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 26%
2007 United Auto Workers - Positions 100%
1997-2008 United Electrical Radio and Machine Workers - Lifetime Score 80%

Liberal

2012 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 85%
2012 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 85%
2012 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100%
2012 National Journal - House Liberal (Social) 85%
2012 National Journal - House Liberal (Composite Score) 79%
2012 National Journal - House Liberal (Economic) 83%
2012 National Journal - House Liberal (Foreign) 61%
2012 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 91%
2012 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 91%
2011-2012 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Conservative Action Score 19%
2011-2012 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Net Congressional Score 69%
2011-2012 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Liberal Action Score 56%
2011-2012 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Liberal Action Score 56%
2011-2012 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Conservative Action Score 19%
2011 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 95%
2011 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 95%
2011 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100%
2011 National Journal - Liberal Composite Score 77%
2011 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy 77%
2011 National Journal - Liberal on Economic Policy Score 67%
2010 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 95%
2010 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 95%
2010 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100%
2010 National Journal - Liberal Composite Score 73%
2010 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 77%
2010 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy 76%
2009-2010 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Regressive Action Score 11
2009-2010 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Regressive Action Score 11
2009-2010 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 100%
2009-2010 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 100%
2009 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 100%
2009 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 100%
2009 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Progressive Action Score 45%
2009 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Progressive Action Score 45%
2009 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100%
2009 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 64%
2009 National Journal - Liberal on Economic Policy Score 67%
2009 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 65%
2009 National Journal - Composite Liberal Score 66%
2009 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 100%
2009 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 100%
2008 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 100%
2008 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 100%
2008 National Journal - Liberal on Economic Policy Score 67%
2008 National Journal - Composite Liberal Score 73%
2008 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 78%
2008 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 72%
2008 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 100%
2008 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 100%
2007-2008 Progressive Democrats of America - Positions 20%
2007-2008 Progressive Democrats of America - Positions 20%
2007 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions on Social Justice and Peace 75
2007 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions on Social Justice and Peace 75

Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity

2011-2012 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 95%
2009-2010 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 90%
2007-2008 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 100%

Social

2012 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 85%
2012 Bread for the World - Positions 100%
2012 Catholic Advocate - Positions 0%
2012 Catholic Advocate - Positions 0%
2012 Drum Major Institute for Public Policy/TheMiddleClass.org - Positions 86%
2012 Eagle Forum - Positions 0%
2012 Family Research Council - Positions 0%
2012 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 67%
2012 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100%
2012 National Journal - House Conservative (Social) 0%
2012 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 91%
2012 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 91%
2012 Open Doors USA - Positions 50%
2012 The John Birch Society - Positions 33%
2012 The John Birch Society - Positions 33%
2011-2012 ACT! for America - Positions 8%
2011-2012 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 4%
2011-2012 Concerned Women for America - Positions 10%
2011-2012 Concerned Women for America - Positions 10%
2011-2012 Heritage Action for America - Positions 13%
2011-2012 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Liberal Action Score 56%
2011-2012 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Net Congressional Score 69%
2011-2012 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Conservative Action Score 19%
2011-2012 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0%
2011 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 95%
2011 Americans United for the Separation of Church and State - Positions (House Only) 100%
2011 Children's Defense Fund - Positions 100%
2011 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 0%
2011 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 0%
2011 Concerned Women for America - Positions 11%
2011 Concerned Women for America - Positions 11%
2011 Drum Major Institute for Public Policy/TheMiddleClass.org - Positions 100%
2011 Eagle Forum - Positions 23%
2011 Family Research Council - Positions 10%
2011 Family Research Council - Positions 10%
2011 Heritage Action for America - Positions (House Only) 0%
2011 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100%
2011 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy 77%
2011 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 23%
2011 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0%
2011 Secular Coalition for America - Congressional Positions 57%
2011 The Children's Health Fund - Positions (House Only) 100%
2011 The John Birch Society - Positions (Summer-Fall) 30%
2011 The John Birch Society - Positions (Summer-Fall) 30%
2011 The John Birch Society - Positions (Spring-Summer) 30%
2011 The John Birch Society - Positions (Spring-Summer) 30%
2010 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 95%
2010 Eagle Forum - Positions 0%
2010 Liberty Central - Positions on Conservative Issues F
2010 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100%
2010 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 24%
2010 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy 76%
2010 The John Birch Society - Positions (May 2010 - September 2010) 10%
2010 The John Birch Society - Positions (May 2010 - September 2010) 10%
2010 Vote Kids - Positions 100%
2009-2010 ACT! for America - Positions 50%
2009-2010 American Family Association - Positions 0%
2009-2010 American Family Association - Positions 0%
2009-2010 American Immigration Lawyers Association - U.S. House Score 100%
2009-2010 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 0%
2009-2010 Children's Defense Fund - Positions 100%
2009-2010 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 0%
2009-2010 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 0%
2009-2010 Concerned Women for America - Positions 0%
2009-2010 Concerned Women for America - Positions 0%
2009-2010 Family Research Council - Positions 0%
2009-2010 Family Research Council - Positions 0%
2009-2010 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Regressive Action Score 11
2009-2010 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0%
2009-2010 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 100%
2009-2010 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 100%
2009-2010 St. Joseph Health System - Positions 100%
2009-2010 The John Birch Society - Positions (November 2009 - June 2010) 20%
2009-2010 The John Birch Society - Positions (January 2009 - June 2010 13%
2009-2010 The John Birch Society - Positions (January 2009 - June 2010 13%
2009-2010 The John Birch Society - Positions (November 2009 - June 2010) 20%
2009-2010 The John Birch Society - Positions (Full Session) 13%
2009-2010 The John Birch Society - Positions (Full Session) 13%
2009 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 100%
2009 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 0%
2009 Eagle Forum - Positions 0%
2009 Heritage Alliance - Positions 5%
2009 Heritage Alliance - Positions 5%
2009 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Progressive Action Score 45%
2009 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100%
2009 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 34%
2009 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 64%
2009 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0%
2009 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 100%
2009 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 100%
2009 Republican Liberty Caucus - Economic Liberties Score 0%
2009 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Personal Liberties 23%
2009 The Children's Health Fund - Positions 66%
2009 The John Birch Society - Positions (Full Year) 10%
2009 The John Birch Society - Positions (June 2009 - November 2009) 0%
2009 The John Birch Society - Positions (June 2009 - November 2009) 0%
2009 The John Birch Society - Positions (Full Year) 10%
2009 The John Birch Society - Positions (January 2009 - June 2009) 20%
2009 The John Birch Society - Positions (January 2009 - June 2009) 20%
2009 Vote Kids - Positions 100%
2008 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 100%
2008 Drum Major Institute for Public Policy/TheMiddleClass.org - Positions on Middle Class Advocacy 89
2008 Eagle Forum - Positions 33%
2008 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 28%
2008 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 72%
2008 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 100%
2008 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 100%
2007-2008 ACT! for America - Positions 0%
2007-2008 Campaign for Working Families - Positions on Conservative Issues 0
2007-2008 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 0%
2007-2008 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 0%
2007-2008 Concerned Women for America - Positions 60%
2007-2008 Concerned Women for America - Positions 60%
2007-2008 Family Research Council - Positions 50%
2007-2008 Family Research Council - Positions 50%
2007-2008 Friends Committee on Legislation of California - Positions 60%
2007-2008 Progressive Democrats of America - Positions 20%
2007-2008 St. Joseph Health System - Positions 100
2007-2008 The John Birch Society - Positions 5%
2007-2008 The John Birch Society - Positions 5%
2007 Children's Advocacy Institute - Positions on Child and Youth Issues 38
2007 Children's Defense Fund - Positions 100%
2007 Drum Major Institute for Public Policy/TheMiddleClass.org - Positions on Middle Class Advocacy 100
2007 Family Research Council - Positions 0
2007 Family Research Council - Positions 0
2007 GOPUSA - Positions 0%
2007 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions on Social Justice and Peace 75
2007 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions on Social Justice and Peace 75
2007 The Children's Health Fund - Positions 100%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Project Vote Smart displays all known interest group ratings for each candidate and official, regardless of issue or bias.

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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