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Lawrence 'Larry' Webb Kissell's Ratings and Endorsements

Business and Consumers

2012 National Association of Manufacturers - Positions of 112th Congress 54%
2012 National Electrical Contractors Association - Positions 60%
2012 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 83%
2012 United States Chamber of Commerce - Lifetime Score 58%
2011-2012 American Council of Engineering Companies - Positions 92
2011-2012 Independent Electrical Contractors - Positions (House) 25%
2011-2012 National Association of Manufacturers - Positions 40%
2011-2012 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 54%
2011-2012 National Retail Federation - Positions: International Trade 0%
2011-2012 National Stone, Sand & Gravel Association - Positions 71%
2011-2012 Plumbing-Heating-Cooling Contractors-National Association - Positions 70%
2011-2012 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 60%
2011 National Electrical Contractors Association - Positions (House Only) 100%
2011 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 45%
2011 National Retail Federation - Positions 28%
2011 National Small Business Association - Positions 66%
2011 National Stone, Sand & Gravel Association - Positions 50%
2011 The National Lumber and Building Material Dealers Association - Positions 60%
2011 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 38%
2010 The National Lumber and Building Material Dealers Association - Positions 100%
2010 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 50%
2009-2010 American Council of Engineering Companies - Positions 100%
2009-2010 Associated General Contractors of America - Positions 87%
2009-2010 Independent Electrical Contractors - Positions 50%
2009-2010 International Warehouse Logistics Association - Positions 46%
2009-2010 National Association for the Self-Employed - U.S. House Score 100%
2009-2010 National Association of Manufacturers - Positions 61%
2009-2010 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 86%
2009-2010 National Retail Federation - Positions 50%
2009-2010 National Stone, Sand & Gravel Association - Positions 88%
2009-2010 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 27%
2009 Heritage Alliance - Positions 7%
2009 The National Lumber and Building Material Dealers Association - Positions 60%
2009 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 60%

Campaign Finance and Elections

2009-2010 Arab American Institute - Positions 0%

Civil Liberties and Civil Rights

2012 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 20%
2012 Drum Major Institute for Public Policy/TheMiddleClass.org - Positions 21%
2012 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 20%
2012 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Total Score 50%
2012 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Positions on Civil Rights 50%
2011-2012 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 38%
2011-2012 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 15%
2011-2012 United States Campaign to End the Israeli Occupation - Positions on International Middle East Human Rights 56%
2011 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions (House Only) 40%
2011 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 60%
2011 Drum Major Institute for Public Policy/TheMiddleClass.org - Positions 84%
2011 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) 90%
2010 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 70%
2009-2010 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 81%
2009-2010 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 80%
2009-2010 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Progressive Action Score 28%
2009-2010 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Net Congressional Score 56%
2009-2010 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Positions 89%
2009-2010 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - Positions 78%
2009-2010 United States Campaign to End the Israeli Occupation - Positions on International Middle East Human Rights -5%
2009 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 75%
2009 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Regressive Action Score 14%
2009 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - Positions 76%
2009 United States Campaign to End the Israeli Occupation - Positions on International Middle East Human Rights -3%
2006-2012 Global Exchange - Percent Loyalty to Finance, Insurance, Real Estate Lobby 20%

Conservative

2012 American Conservative Union - Lifetime Score 23%
2012 American Conservative Union - Ratings of Congress 48%
2012 Eagle Forum - Positions 75%
2012 National Journal - House Conservative (Composite Score) 43%
2012 National Journal - House Conservative (Foreign) 42%
2012 The Club for Growth - Positions 52%
2012 The John Birch Society - Positions 40%
2011-2012 Americans for Prosperity - Positions 14%
2011-2012 Americans for Prosperity - Lifetime score 20%
2011-2012 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 47%
2011-2012 Concerned Women for America - Positions 26%
2011-2012 Heritage Action for America - Positions 17%
2011 American Conservative Union - Positions 16%
2011 American Conservative Union - Lifetime Score 15%
2011 Concerned Women for America - Positions 18%
2011 Eagle Forum - Positions 30%
2011 Heritage Action for America - Positions (House Only) 24%
2011 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 57%
2011 National Journal - Conservative Composite Score 41%
2011 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 43%
2011 The John Birch Society - Positions (Spring-Summer) 10%
2011 The John Birch Society - Positions (Summer-Fall) 20%
2011 The New American - Positions on Conservative Issues 20%
2010 American Conservative Union - Positions 8%
2010 American Conservative Union - Lifetime Score 14%
2010 Eagle Forum - Positions 22%
2010 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 38%
2010 National Journal - Conservative Composite Score 44%
2010 The John Birch Society - Positions (May 2010 - September 2010) 0%
2009-2010 Americans for Prosperity - Positions 25%
2009-2010 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 33%
2009-2010 Concerned Women for America - Positions 13%
2009-2010 The John Birch Society - Positions (Full Session) 15%
2009-2010 The John Birch Society - Positions (January 2009 - June 2010 21%
2009-2010 The John Birch Society - Positions (November 2009 - June 2010) 20%
2009 American Conservative Union - Lifetime Score 20%
2009 American Conservative Union - Positions 20%
2009 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 27%
2009 Eagle Forum - Positions 9%
2009 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 48%
2009 National Journal - Composite Conservative Score 49%
2009 The John Birch Society - Positions (Full Year) 21%
2009 The John Birch Society - Positions (January 2009 - June 2009) 22%
2009 The John Birch Society - Positions (June 2009 - November 2009) 20%
2001-2010 Keep America Safe - Positions 38%

Environment

2012 League of Conservation Voters - Lifetime Score 55%
2012 League of Conservation Voters - Positions 23%
2012 Sierra Club - Positions on Clean water (House Only) 50%
2012 Southern Alliance for Clean Energy Action Fund - Positions 75%
2011-2012 Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund - Positions 59%
2011-2012 Environment America - Positions 22%
2011-2012 Food Policy Action - Positions 64%
2011-2012 League of Conservation Voters - Session Score 44%
2011-2012 National Parks Conservation Association - Positions (House Only) 43%
2011 Environment America - Positions 63%
2011 League of Conservation Voters - Lifetime Score 75%
2011 League of Conservation Voters - Positions 66%
2011 Sierra Club - Positions on Clean Water (House Only) 58%
2011 Southern Alliance for Clean Energy Action Fund - Positions 80%
2011 Women's Action for New Directions (WAND) and-WILL - Positions (House Only) 8
2010-2011 Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund - Positions 80%
2010 League of Conservation Voters - Positions 100%
2010 League of Conservation Voters - Lifetime Score 88%
2009-2010 Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund - Positions 83%
2009-2010 League of Conservation Voters - Positions 88%
2009-2010 National Parks Conservation Association - Positions 75%
2009-2010 Southern Alliance for Clean Energy Action Fund - Positions 60%
2009 Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund - Positions 75%
2009 Environment America - Positions 83%
2009 League of Conservation Voters - Positions 79%
2006-2012 Global Exchange - Percent Loyalty to Finance, Insurance, Real Estate Lobby 20%

Foreign Affairs

2012 Arab American Institute - Positions on Arab-American Issues 4%
2012 Armenian National Committee of America - Positions 38%
2012 Citizens for Global Solutions - Global Issues Score 58%
2012 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 20%
2012 National Journal - House Liberal (Foreign) 57%
2012 Peace Action - Positions 14%
2011-2012 ACT! for America - Positions 100%
2011-2012 American Security Council Foundation - Positions 60%
2011-2012 PeacePAC - Positions (PeacePAC is sister organization of Council for a Livable World rating House Only) 25%
2011-2012 United States Campaign to End the Israeli Occupation - Positions on International Middle East Human Rights 56%
2011-2012 USA Engage - Positions 25%
2011 American Security Council Foundation - Positions 70%
2011 Arab American Institute - Positions on Arab-American Issues 0%
2011 Citizens for Global Solutions - Global Issues Score 55%
2011 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 17%
2011 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 43%
2011 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 57%
2011 Peace Action West - Positions 4%
2010 American Security Council Foundation - Positions 40%
2010 Citizens for Global Solutions - Global Issues Score A
2010 Latin America Working Group - Positions (House only) 0%
2010 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 38%
2010 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 56%
2010 Peace Action - Positions 25%
2010 Peace Action West - Positions 25%
2009-2010 ACT! for America - Positions 70%
2009-2010 Council for a Livable World - Positions 33%
2009-2010 PeacePAC - Positions (PeacePAC is sister organization of Council for a Livable World rating House Only) 33%
2009-2010 United States Campaign to End the Israeli Occupation - Positions on International Middle East Human Rights -5%
2009-2010 USA Engage - Positions 20%
2009-2010 Washington Report on Middle East Affairs (WRMEA) - Positions 10%
2009 American Security Council Foundation - Positions 50%
2009 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 42%
2009 Latin America Working Group - Positions 0%
2009 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 50%
2009 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 48%
2009 NewPolicy.org - Positions on International Middle East Policy Advocacy 0%
2009 Peace Action West - Positions 38%
2009 Resolve Uganda - Lifetime Score 0%
2009 United States Campaign to End the Israeli Occupation - Positions on International Middle East Human Rights -3%
2008 Resolve Uganda - Lifetime Score F
2007-2009 Citizens for Global Solutions - Global Issues Score A
2006-2012 Global Exchange - Percent Loyalty to Finance, Insurance, Real Estate Lobby 20%

Health and Health Care

2012 AIDS Drug Assistance Program (ADAP) Advocacy Association - Positions 0%
2012 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions captured June, 2012 (reflect voting records of past 6 years) 100%
2011-2012 Food Policy Action - Positions 64%
2011-2012 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 30%
2011 AIDS Drug Assistance Program (ADAP) Advocacy Association - Positions 67%
2011 American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists - Positions (House Only) 100%
2011 American Nurses Association - Positions 100%
2011 American Veterinary Medical Association - Positions on Professional Advocacy 100%
2011 Association of University Centers on Disabilities - Positions 75%
2011 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0%
2011 The Children's Health Fund - Positions (House Only) 100%
2010 American Public Health Association - Positions 60%
2010 American Society for Radiation Oncology - U.S. House Score 100%
2010 National Association of Social Workers - House of Representatives Score 0%
2010 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions 100%
2009-2010 Alzheimer's Impact Movement - Positions 67%
2009-2010 American Hospital Association - Positions 50%
2009-2010 National Breast Cancer Coalition - Positions 25%
2009-2010 National Family Planning & Reproductive Health Association - House of Representatives Score 100%
2009-2010 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 16%
2009-2010 St. Joseph Health System - Positions 50%
2009 AIDS Drug Assistance Program (ADAP) Advocacy Association - Positions on AIDS Drug Assistance 25%
2009 American Nurses Association - Positions 50%
2009 American Public Health Association - Positions 67%
2009 American Society for Radiation Oncology - Positions 0%
2009 Association of University Centers on Disabilities - Positions 88%
2009 National Association of Social Workers - Positions 100%
2009 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0%
2009 The Children's Health Fund - Positions 50%

Labor Unions

2012 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 53
2012 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 67%
2012 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Lifetime Score 81%
2012 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 66%
2012 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 71%
2011-2012 American Federation of Teachers - Positions 70%
2011-2012 International Foodservice Distributors Association - Positions (House) 37%
2011-2012 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 100%
2011 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 92%
2011 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 90%
2011 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 86%
2011 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Lifetime Score 88%
2011 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 71%
2010 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 87%
2010 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 75%
2010 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 80%
2010 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 100%
2010 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - House of Representatives Score 100%
2009-2010 Communications Workers of America - Positions 67%
2009-2010 International Brotherhood of Teamsters - Positions 80%
2009-2010 International Foodservice Distributors Association - Positions 55%
2009-2010 National Farmers Union - Positions 50%
2009-2010 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 70%
2009 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 85%
2009 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Lifetime Score 86%
2009 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 86%
2009 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 89%
2009 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 83%
2009 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 80%
2009 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 81%
2009 United Auto Workers - Positions 80%
2009 Women Employed - Positions 50%

Religion

2012 Bread for the World - Positions 100%
2012 Catholic Advocate - Positions 27%
2012 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 20%
2012 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 50%
2012 Open Doors USA - Positions 50%
2012 The John Birch Society - Positions 40%
2011-2012 ACT! for America - Positions 100%
2011-2012 Concerned Women for America - Positions 26%
2011 Americans United for the Separation of Church and State - Positions (House Only) 100%
2011 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 10%
2011 Concerned Women for America - Positions 18%
2011 Family Research Council - Positions 20%
2011 Secular Coalition for America - Congressional Positions 57%
2011 The John Birch Society - Positions (Spring-Summer) 10%
2011 The John Birch Society - Positions (Summer-Fall) 20%
2010 The John Birch Society - Positions (May 2010 - September 2010) 0%
2009-2010 ACT! for America - Positions 70%
2009-2010 American Family Association - Positions 5%
2009-2010 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 30%
2009-2010 Concerned Women for America - Positions 13%
2009-2010 Family Research Council - Positions 6%
2009-2010 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 50%
2009-2010 St. Joseph Health System - Positions 50%
2009-2010 The John Birch Society - Positions (January 2009 - June 2010 21%
2009-2010 The John Birch Society - Positions (Full Session) 15%
2009-2010 The John Birch Society - Positions (November 2009 - June 2010) 20%
2009 Heritage Alliance - Positions 7%
2009 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 90%
2009 The John Birch Society - Positions (Full Year) 21%
2009 The John Birch Society - Positions (January 2009 - June 2009) 22%
2009 The John Birch Society - Positions (June 2009 - November 2009) 20%

Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity

2011-2012 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 15%
2009-2010 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 80%

Socially Conservative

2012 Catholic Advocate - Positions 27%
2012 Catholic Advocate - Positions 27%
2012 Eagle Forum - Positions 75%
2012 Eagle Forum - Positions 75%
2012 Family Research Council - Positions 83%
2012 Family Research Council - Positions 83%
2012 National Journal - House Conservative (Social) 42%
2012 National Journal - House Conservative (Social) 42%
2012 The John Birch Society - Positions 40%
2012 The John Birch Society - Positions 40%
2011-2012 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 47%
2011-2012 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 47%
2011-2012 Concerned Women for America - Positions 26%
2011-2012 Concerned Women for America - Positions 26%
2011-2012 Heritage Action for America - Positions 17%
2011-2012 Heritage Action for America - Positions 17%
2011-2012 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 30%
2011-2012 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 30%
2011 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 10%
2011 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 10%
2011 Concerned Women for America - Positions 18%
2011 Concerned Women for America - Positions 18%
2011 Eagle Forum - Positions 30%
2011 Eagle Forum - Positions 30%
2011 Family Research Council - Positions 20%
2011 Family Research Council - Positions 20%
2011 Heritage Action for America - Positions (House Only) 24%
2011 Heritage Action for America - Positions (House Only) 24%
2011 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 41%
2011 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 41%
2011 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0%
2011 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0%
2011 The John Birch Society - Positions (Summer-Fall) 20%
2011 The John Birch Society - Positions (Spring-Summer) 10%
2011 The John Birch Society - Positions (Spring-Summer) 10%
2011 The John Birch Society - Positions (Summer-Fall) 20%
2010 Eagle Forum - Positions 22%
2010 Eagle Forum - Positions 22%
2010 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 42%
2010 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 42%
2010 The John Birch Society - Positions (May 2010 - September 2010) 0%
2010 The John Birch Society - Positions (May 2010 - September 2010) 0%
2009-2010 American Family Association - Positions 5%
2009-2010 American Family Association - Positions 5%
2009-2010 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 33%
2009-2010 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 33%
2009-2010 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 30%
2009-2010 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 30%
2009-2010 Concerned Women for America - Positions 13%
2009-2010 Concerned Women for America - Positions 13%
2009-2010 Family Research Council - Positions 6%
2009-2010 Family Research Council - Positions 6%
2009-2010 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 16%
2009-2010 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 16%
2009-2010 The John Birch Society - Positions (January 2009 - June 2010 21%
2009-2010 The John Birch Society - Positions (Full Session) 15%
2009-2010 The John Birch Society - Positions (November 2009 - June 2010) 20%
2009-2010 The John Birch Society - Positions (November 2009 - June 2010) 20%
2009-2010 The John Birch Society - Positions (January 2009 - June 2010 21%
2009-2010 The John Birch Society - Positions (Full Session) 15%
2009 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 27%
2009 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 27%
2009 Eagle Forum - Positions 9%
2009 Eagle Forum - Positions 9%
2009 Heritage Alliance - Positions 7%
2009 Heritage Alliance - Positions 7%
2009 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 47%
2009 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 47%
2009 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0%
2009 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0%
2009 Republican Liberty Caucus - Economic Liberties Score 20%
2009 Republican Liberty Caucus - Economic Liberties Score 20%
2009 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Personal Liberties 29%
2009 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Personal Liberties 29%
2009 The John Birch Society - Positions (June 2009 - November 2009) 20%
2009 The John Birch Society - Positions (June 2009 - November 2009) 20%
2009 The John Birch Society - Positions (Full Year) 21%
2009 The John Birch Society - Positions (Full Year) 21%
2009 The John Birch Society - Positions (January 2009 - June 2009) 22%
2009 The John Birch Society - Positions (January 2009 - June 2009) 22%

Socially Liberal

2012 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 20%
2012 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 20%
2012 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 0%
2012 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 0%
2012 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 50%
2012 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 50%
2011-2012 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Net Congressional Score 43%
2011-2012 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Conservative Action Score 45%
2011-2012 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Conservative Action Score 45%
2011-2012 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Liberal Action Score 30%
2011-2012 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Liberal Action Score 30%
2011-2012 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Net Congressional Score 43%
2011 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 60%
2011 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 60%
2011 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100%
2011 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100%
2011 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy 59%
2011 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy 59%
2010 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 70%
2010 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 70%
2010 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100%
2010 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100%
2010 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy 54%
2010 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy 54%
2009-2010 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Regressive Action Score 16
2009-2010 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Regressive Action Score 16
2009-2010 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 50%
2009-2010 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 50%
2009 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 75%
2009 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 75%
2009 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Progressive Action Score 28%
2009 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Progressive Action Score 28%
2009 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100%
2009 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100%
2009 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 52%
2009 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 52%
2009 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 90%
2009 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 90%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Project Vote Smart displays all known interest group ratings for each candidate and official, regardless of issue or bias.

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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