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Ernest 'Fritz' F. Hollings

Ernest 'Fritz' F. Hollings's Ratings and Endorsements

Full Name: Ernest 'Fritz' F. Hollings

Budget, Spending and Taxes

2003-2004 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 14%
2003 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 100%
2003 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 5%
2003 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 13%
2003 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 24%
2003 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 24%
2003 Population Action International - Positions 100%
2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 42
2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 42
2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 42
2002 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 100%
2002 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 0%
2002 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 13%
2002 Emergency Committee for American Trade - Positions 0%
2002 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 19%
2002 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 19%
2002 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 5
2002 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 5
2002 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 5
2002 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 100%
2002 Taxpayers for Common Sense - Positions 9%
2001-2002 Bread for the World - Positions 100%
2001-2002 Concord Coalition - Positions 58%
2001-2002 National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare - Positions 100%
2001-2002 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 9%
2001 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 100%
2001 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 0%
2001 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 16%
2001 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 43%
2001 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 7%
2001 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 7%
2001 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 31%
2001 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 87%
2001 Taxpayers for Common Sense - Positions 33%
2000 Bread for the World - Positions 100%
2000 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 11%
2000 Concord Coalition - Positions 29%
2000 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 90%
2000 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 15%
2000 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 71%
2000 Taxpayers for Common Sense - Positions 35%
1999-2000 National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare - Positions 100%
1999-2000 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 0%
1999-2000 United Seniors Association - Positions 11%
1999 American Farm Bureau Federation - Positions 60%
1999 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 5%
1999 Bread for the World - Positions 100%
1999 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 4%
1999 Concord Coalition - Positions 51%
1999 National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare - Positions 100%
1999 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 100%
1999 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 6%
1999 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 6%
1999 Taxpayers for Common Sense - Positions 40
1999 United Seniors Association - Positions 0%
1998 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 10%
1998 Bread for the World - Positions 33%
1998 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 33%
1998 Concord Coalition - Positions 47%
1998 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 80%
1998 National Taxpayers Union - Spending Score 17%
1998 National Taxpayers Union - Spending Score 17%
1998 Taxpayers for Common Sense - Positions 32%
1997-1998 60 Plus Association - Positions 20%
1997-1998 60 Plus Association - Positions 20%
1997-1998 National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare - Positions 85%
1997-1998 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 23%
1997 Bread for the World - Positions 60%
1997 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 35%
1997 Concord Coalition - Positions 31%
1997 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 70%
1997 National Taxpayers Union - Spending Score 23%
1997 National Taxpayers Union - Spending Score 23%
1997 Taxpayers for Common Sense - Positions 47%
1996 Bread for the World - Positions on Addressing World Hunger 71%
1996 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 12%
1996 Concord Coalition - Positions 37%
1996 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 90%
1995-1996 60 Plus Association - Positions 12%
1995-1996 60 Plus Association - Positions 12%
1995-1996 National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare - Positions 93%
1995-1996 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 17%
1995 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 34%
1995 Concord Coalition - Positions 40%
1995 National Taxpayers Union - Spending Score 23%
1995 National Taxpayers Union - Spending Score 23%
1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Budget Score 5%
1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Taxes Score 0%
1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Spending Score 19%

Business and Consumers

2003 American Association of University Women - Positions 100%
2003 American Shareholders Association - Positions 9%
2003 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 0%
2003 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 0%
2003 National Education Association - Positions 91%
2003 National Education Association - Positions 91%
2003 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 0%
2003 National Retail Federation - Positions 12%
2003 Population Connection - Positions 100%
2003 Public Citizen's Congress Watch - Positions 73%
2003 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 36%
2003 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 81%
2002 National Education Association - Positions 50%
2002 National Education Association - Positions 50%
2002 National School Boards Association - Positions 100%
2002 National Stone, Sand & Gravel Association - Positions 55%
2002 Population Connection - Positions 100%
2002 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 100%
2002 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 55%
2002 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 75%
2001-2002 American Association of University Women - Positions 88%
2001-2002 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 44%
2001-2002 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 17%
2001-2002 National Association for the Self-Employed - Positions 0%
2001-2002 National Association of Manufacturers - Positions 19%
2001-2002 National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare - Positions 100%
2001-2002 National Electrical Contractors Association - Positions 46%
2001-2002 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 38%
2001-2002 Plumbing-Heating-Cooling Contractors-National Association - Positions 25%
2001-2002 Public Citizen's Congress Watch - Positions 73%
2001-2002 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 7%
2001 American Association of University Women - Positions 83%
2001 American Shareholders Association - Positions 0%
2001 National Education Association - Positions 100%
2001 National Education Association - Positions 100%
2001 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 33%
2001 National Stone, Sand & Gravel Association - Positions 80%
2001 Population Connection - Positions 100%
2001 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 87%
2001 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 8%
2001 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 75%
2001 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 50%
2001 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 67%
2000 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 14%
2000 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 8%
2000 Consumer Federation of America - Positions 80%
2000 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 90%
2000 National Education Association - Positions 80%
2000 National Education Association - Positions 80%
2000 Population Connection - Positions 100%
2000 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 71%
2000 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 8%
2000 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 33%
1999-2000 American Association of University Women - Positions 90%
1999-2000 National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare - Positions 100%
1999-2000 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 18%
1999-2000 Public Citizen's Congress Watch - Positions 83%
1999-2000 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 60%
1999 American Association of University Women - Positions 87%
1999 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 0%
1999 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 0%
1999 Consumer Federation of America - Positions 70%
1999 National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare - Positions 100%
1999 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 100%
1999 National Education Association - Positions 100%
1999 National Education Association - Positions 100%
1999 Population Connection - Positions 100%
1999 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 27%
1999 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 62%
1998 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 17%
1998 Consumer Federation of America - Positions 50%
1998 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 80%
1998 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 30%
1998 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 71%
1997-1998 American Association of University Women - Positions 67%
1997-1998 National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare - Positions 85%
1997-1998 National Education Association - Positions 84%
1997-1998 National Education Association - Positions 84%
1997-1998 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 14%
1997-1998 Population Connection - Positions 100%
1997-1998 Public Citizen's Congress Watch - Positions 50%
1997-1998 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 62%
1997 American Association of University Women - Positions 80%
1997 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 0%
1997 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 19%
1997 Consumer Federation of America - Positions 86%
1997 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 70%
1997 National Education Association - Positions 75%
1997 National Education Association - Positions 75%
1997 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 20%
1997 Population Connection - Positions 100%
1997 Public Citizen's Congress Watch - Positions 38%
1997 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 92%
1997 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 20%
1996 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 11%
1996 Consumer Federation of America - Positions 79%
1996 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 90%
1996 National Education Association - Positions 94%
1996 National Education Association - Positions 94%
1996 Population Connection - Positions 100%
1996 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 77%
1996 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 46%
1995-1996 American Association of University Women - Positions 86%
1995-1996 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 10%
1995-1996 National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare - Positions 93%
1995-1996 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 38%
1995-1996 Public Citizen's Congress Watch - Positions 71%
1995-1996 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 89%
1995-1996 United States Student Association - Positions 73%
1995 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 0%
1995 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions on Workplace Rights 86%
1994 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 60%
1993 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions on Workplace Rights 88%

Civil Liberties and Civil Rights

2003 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 80%
2003 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Positions 100%
2003 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - Positions 96%
2003 United States Campaign to End the Israeli Occupation - Positions on International Middle East Human Rights +1
2001-2002 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 60%
2001-2002 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 29%
2001-2002 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Positions 93%
2001-2002 League of United Latin American Citizens - Positions 81%
2001-2002 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - Positions 97%
2001-2002 People for the American Way - Positions 77%
2001 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 50%
2001 Common Cause - Positions 0%
2001 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 20%
2001 League of United Latin American Citizens - Positions 82%
2001 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - Positions 100%
2000 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 50%
2000 League of United Latin American Citizens - Positions 100%
2000 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - Positions 93%
1999-2000 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 43%
1999-2000 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Positions 94%
1999 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 60%
1999 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 50%
1999 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - Positions 93%
1998 National Organization for Women - Positions 75%
1997-1998 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 33%
1997-1998 Home School Legal Defense Association - Positions 0%
1997-1998 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 33%
1997-1998 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Positions 75%
1997-1998 League of United Latin American Citizens - Positions 55%
1997 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 33%
1996 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 29%
1995-1996 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 56%
1995-1996 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Positions 65%
1995-1996 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - Positions 70%
1991-1992 National Gay & Lesbian Task Force - Positions 0%

Conservative

2003-2004 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 36%
2003-2004 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 14%
2003 American Conservative Union - Positions 21%
2003 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 5%
2003 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 11%
2003 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 11%
2003 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 16%
2003 Concerned Women for America - Positions 25%
2003 Concerned Women for America - Positions 25%
2003 Eagle Forum - Positions 29%
2003 Eagle Forum - Positions 29%
2003 Family Research Council - Positions 29%
2003 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy Score 32%
2003 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 21%
2003 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 26%
2003 National Journal - Composite Conservative Score 28%
2003 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 24%
2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 42
2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 42
2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 42
2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 42
2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 42
2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 42
2002 American Conservative Union - Positions 15%
2002 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 0%
2002 Eagle Forum - Positions 25%
2002 Eagle Forum - Positions 25%
2002 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 33%
2002 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy Score 32%
2002 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 46%
2002 National Journal - Composite Conservative Score 38%
2002 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 19%
2002 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 5
2002 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 5
2002 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 5
2002 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 5
2002 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 5
2002 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 5
2002 The John Birch Society - Positions 35%
2002 The John Birch Society - Positions 35%
2001-2002 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 20%
2001-2002 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 20%
2001-2002 Concerned Women for America - Positions 62%
2001-2002 Concerned Women for America - Positions 62%
2001-2002 Family Research Council - Positions 22%
2001-2002 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 33%
2001-2002 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 9%
2001-2002 The Cato Institute - Trade Subsidy Votes Score 0%
2001-2002 The Cato Institute - Trade Barrier Votes Score 13%
2001 American Conservative Union - Positions 29%
2001 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 0%
2001 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 40%
2001 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 43%
2001 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy Score 34%
2001 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 7%
2001 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 31%
2001 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 31%
2001 The John Birch Society - Positions 20%
2001 The John Birch Society - Positions 20%
2000 American Conservative Union - Positions 20%
2000 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 85%
2000 Concerned Women for America - Positions 43%
2000 Concerned Women for America - Positions 43%
2000 Family Research Council - Positions 50%
2000 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 0%
2000 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 0%
2000 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 38%
2000 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 21%
2000 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy Score 32%
2000 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 15%
2000 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 15%
2000 The John Birch Society - Positions 20%
2000 The John Birch Society - Positions 20%
1999-2000 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 23%
1999-2000 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 11%
1999-2000 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 0%
1999-2000 The Cato Institute - Trade Barrier Votes Score 13%
1999 American Conservative Union - Positions 12%
1999 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 5%
1999 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 30%
1999 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 30%
1999 National Journal - Conservative on Defense/Foreign Policy Score 47%
1999 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 25%
1999 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 13%
1999 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 6%
1999 The John Birch Society - Positions 28%
1999 The John Birch Society - Positions 28%
1998 American Conservative Union - Positions 33%
1998 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 10%
1998 National Journal - Conservative on Defense/Foreign Policy Score 36%
1998 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy Score 36%
1998 National Taxpayers Union - Spending Score 17%
1998 The John Birch Society - Positions 37%
1998 The John Birch Society - Positions 37%
1997-1998 60 Plus Association - Positions 20%
1997-1998 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 9%
1997-1998 Concerned Women for America - Positions 25%
1997-1998 Concerned Women for America - Positions 25%
1997-1998 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 33%
1997-1998 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 23%
1997-1998 The Cato Institute - Trade Subsidy Votes Score 33%
1997 American Conservative Union - Positions 8%
1997 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 14%
1997 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 50%
1997 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 50%
1997 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 25%
1997 National Taxpayers Union - Spending Score 23%
1997 The John Birch Society - Positions 35%
1997 The John Birch Society - Positions 35%
1996 American Conservative Union - Positions 20%
1996 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0%
1995-1996 60 Plus Association - Positions 12%
1995-1996 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 7%
1995-1996 Concerned Women for America - Positions 50%
1995-1996 Concerned Women for America - Positions 50%
1995-1996 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 17%
1995-1996 The John Birch Society - Positions 40%
1995-1996 The John Birch Society - Positions 40%
1995 American Conservative Union - Positions 35%
1995 American Conservative Union - Lifetime Score 43%
1995 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 50%
1995 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 50%
1995 National Taxpayers Union - Spending Score 23%
1994 American Conservative Union - Positions 22%
1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Budget Score 5%
1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Taxes Score 0%
1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Environment Score 25%
1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Positions on Agriculture 50%
1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Trade Score 0%
1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Deregulation Score 14%
1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Total Score 14%
1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Spending Score 19%
1993 American Conservative Union - Positions 42%
1993 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 60%
1993 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 60%
1991-1992 Christian Voice - Positions 50%

Education

2003 American Association of University Women - Positions 100%
2003 National Education Association - Positions 91%
2003 National Education Association - Positions 91%
2003 Population Connection - Positions 100%
2002 American Security Council Foundation - Positions 25%
2002 National Education Association - Positions 50%
2002 National Education Association - Positions 50%
2002 National School Boards Association - Positions 100%
2002 Population Connection - Positions 100%
2001-2002 American Association of University Women - Positions 88%
2001 American Association of University Women - Positions 83%
2001 National Education Association - Positions 100%
2001 National Education Association - Positions 100%
2001 Population Connection - Positions 100%
2000 National Education Association - Positions 80%
2000 National Education Association - Positions 80%
2000 Population Connection - Positions 100%
1999-2000 American Association of University Women - Positions 90%
1999-2000 Home School Legal Defense Association - Positions 40%
1999 American Association of University Women - Positions 87%
1999 National Education Association - Positions 100%
1999 National Education Association - Positions 100%
1999 Population Connection - Positions 100%
1997-1998 American Association of University Women - Positions 67%
1997-1998 Home School Legal Defense Association - Positions 0%
1997-1998 National Education Association - Positions 84%
1997-1998 National Education Association - Positions 84%
1997-1998 Population Connection - Positions 100%
1997 American Association of University Women - Positions 80%
1997 National Education Association - Positions 75%
1997 National Education Association - Positions 75%
1997 Population Connection - Positions 100%
1996 National Education Association - Positions 94%
1996 National Education Association - Positions 94%
1996 Population Connection - Positions 100%
1995-1996 American Association of University Women - Positions 86%
1995-1996 United States Student Association - Positions 73%
1993-1994 American Security Council Foundation - Positions 40%

Foreign Affairs

2003-2004 ACT! for America - Positions 50%
2003 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 67%
2003 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 21%
2003 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 78%
2003 Peace Action - Positions 90%
2003 Population Action International - Positions 100%
2003 United States Campaign to End the Israeli Occupation - Positions on International Middle East Human Rights +1
2002-2003 Citizens for Global Solutions - Positions 35%
2002 American Security Council Foundation - Positions 25%
2002 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 33%
2002 Peace Action - Positions 0%
2001-2002 American Foreign Service Association - Positions 81%
2001-2002 American Muslims for Jerusalem - Positions on International Middle East Policy Advocacy +3
2001-2002 Bread for the World - Positions 100%
2001-2002 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 25%
2001 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 85%
2001 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 43%
2001 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 51%
2001 Peace Action - Positions 29%
2000 Bread for the World - Positions 100%
2000 Council for a Livable World - Positions 75%
2000 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 64%
2000 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 38%
2000 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 58%
2000 Peace Action - Positions 22%
1999-2000 PeacePAC - Positions 75%
1999 Bread for the World - Positions 100%
1999 Council for a Livable World - Positions 57%
1999 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 45%
1999 National Journal - Conservative on Defense/Foreign Policy Score 47%
1999 Peace Action - Positions 53%
1998-2002 Center for Security Policy - Positions 65%
1998 Bread for the World - Positions 33%
1998 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 60%
1998 National Journal - Conservative on Defense/Foreign Policy Score 36%
1998 National Journal - Liberal on Defense/Foreign Policy Score 51%
1998 Peace Action - Positions 25%
1997-1998 Council for a Livable World - Positions 60%
1997 Bread for the World - Positions 60%
1997 Center for Security Policy - Positions 21%
1997 Council for a Livable World - Positions 83%
1997 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 57%
1997 Peace Action - Positions 33%
1996 Bread for the World - Positions on Addressing World Hunger 71%
1996 Center for Security Policy - Positions 46%
1996 Council for a Livable World - Positions 55%
1996 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign\Defense Policy 60%
1996 Peace Action - Positions 36%
1995-1996 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Peace and Justice Score 54%
1995 Peace Action - Positions 33%
1993-1994 American Security Council Foundation - Positions 40%

Government Operations

2003-2004 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 14%
2003 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 100%
2003 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 5%
2003 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 13%
2003 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 13%
2003 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 24%
2003 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 24%
2003 Population Action International - Positions 100%
2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 42
2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 42
2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 42
2003 State PIRGs Working Together - Positions 81%
2002 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 100%
2002 American Immigration Lawyers Association - Positions 100%
2002 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 0%
2002 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 13%
2002 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 13%
2002 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 19%
2002 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 19%
2002 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 5
2002 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 5
2002 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 5
2002 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 100%
2002 Taxpayers for Common Sense - Positions 9%
2001-2002 American Bar Association - Positions 100%
2001-2002 Bread for the World - Positions 100%
2001-2002 National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare - Positions 100%
2001-2002 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 9%
2001 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 100%
2001 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 0%
2001 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 16%
2001 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 16%
2001 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 43%
2001 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 7%
2001 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 7%
2001 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 31%
2001 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 87%
2001 Taxpayers for Common Sense - Positions 33%
2000 Bread for the World - Positions 100%
2000 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 11%
2000 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 11%
2000 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 90%
2000 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 15%
2000 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 71%
2000 Taxpayers for Common Sense - Positions 35%
1999-2000 American Bar Association - Positions 100%
1999-2000 Home School Legal Defense Association - Positions 40%
1999-2000 National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare - Positions 100%
1999-2000 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 0%
1999-2000 United Seniors Association - Positions 11%
1999 American Farm Bureau Federation - Positions 60%
1999 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 5%
1999 Bread for the World - Positions 100%
1999 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 4%
1999 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 4%
1999 National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare - Positions 100%
1999 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 100%
1999 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 6%
1999 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 6%
1999 Taxpayers for Common Sense - Positions 40
1999 United Seniors Association - Positions 0%
1998 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 10%
1998 Bread for the World - Positions 33%
1998 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 33%
1998 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 33%
1998 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 80%
1998 National Taxpayers Union - Spending Score 17%
1998 National Taxpayers Union - Spending Score 17%
1998 Taxpayers for Common Sense - Positions 32%
1997-1998 60 Plus Association - Positions 20%
1997-1998 60 Plus Association - Positions 20%
1997-1998 National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare - Positions 85%
1997-1998 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 23%
1997 Bread for the World - Positions 60%
1997 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 35%
1997 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 35%
1997 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 70%
1997 National Taxpayers Union - Spending Score 23%
1997 National Taxpayers Union - Spending Score 23%
1997 Taxpayers for Common Sense - Positions 47%
1996 Bread for the World - Positions on Addressing World Hunger 71%
1996 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 12%
1996 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 12%
1996 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 90%
1995-1996 60 Plus Association - Positions 12%
1995-1996 60 Plus Association - Positions 12%
1995-1996 National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare - Positions 93%
1995-1996 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 17%
1995 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 34%
1995 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 34%
1995 National Taxpayers Union - Spending Score 23%
1995 National Taxpayers Union - Spending Score 23%
1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Deregulation Score 14%
1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Budget Score 5%
1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Spending Score 19%
1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Taxes Score 0%

Health and Health Care

2003-2004 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 36%
2003 American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists - Positions 100%
2003 American Public Health Association - Positions 86%
2002 American Public Health Association - Positions 71%
2002 Pennsylvania State Nurses Association - Positions 100%
2002 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 100%
2001-2002 National Association of Social Workers - Positions 88%
2001-2002 National Breast Cancer Coalition - Positions 40%
2001-2002 National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare - Positions 100%
2001-2002 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 33%
2001 AIDS United - Positions 100%
2001 American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists - Positions 100%
2001 American Medical Association - Positions 100%
2001 American Public Health Association - Positions 83%
2001 National Breast Cancer Coalition - Positions 20%
2001 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions 88%
2001 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 87%
2001 The Leukemia & Lymphoma Society - Positions 100%
2001 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 75%
2000 American Public Health Association - Positions 86%
2000 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 90%
2000 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 71%
1999-2002 National Family Planning & Reproductive Health Association - Positions 83%
1999-2000 National Association of Social Workers - Positions 89%
1999-2000 National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare - Positions 100%
1999 American Medical Association - Positions 100%
1999 American Public Health Association - Positions 83%
1999 National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare - Positions 100%
1999 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 100%
1999 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 13%
1999 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions 85%
1998 American Public Health Association - Positions 40%
1998 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 80%
1997-1998 AIDS United - Positions 80%
1997-1998 National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare - Positions 85%
1997-1998 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 33%
1997 American Public Health Association - Positions 78%
1997 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 70%
1997 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 25%
1997 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 92%
1996-2003 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions 89%
1996 National Association of Social Workers - Positions 60%
1996 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 90%
1996 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0%
1996 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 77%
1995-1998 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions 83%
1995-1996 AIDS United - Positions 67%
1995-1996 National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare - Positions 93%
1995-1996 Smokefree Action - Positions 66%
1995 American Public Health Association - Positions 76%
1995 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions on Workplace Rights 86%
1994 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 60%
1993-1996 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions 100%
1993 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions on Workplace Rights 88%
1991 National Association of Social Workers - Positions 70%

Impartial/Nonpartisan

2001 Common Cause - Positions 0%

Labor Unions

2003 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 100%
2003 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 100%
2003 Communications Workers of America - Positions 100%
2003 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 100%
2003 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 100%
2003 International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers - Positions 100%
2003 Transportation Communications Union - Positions 100%
2003 United Auto Workers - Positions on Workplace Rights 83%
2002 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 100%
2002 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 92%
2002 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 100%
2002 Communications Workers of America - Positions 86%
2002 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 100%
2002 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 75%
2002 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 100%
2002 Transportation Communications Union - Positions 90%
2002 United Auto Workers - Positions 92%
2001-2002 American Postal Workers Union - Positions 90%
2001-2002 International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers - Positions 92%
2001-2002 National Farmers Union - Positions 89%
2001 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 87%
2001 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 88%
2001 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 83%
2001 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 87%
2001 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 90%
2001 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 87%
2001 Transportation Communications Union - Positions 91%
2001 United Auto Workers - Positions 86%
2001 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 75%
2000 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 92%
2000 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 88%
2000 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 85%
2000 Communications Workers of America - Positions 83%
2000 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 100%
2000 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 71%
2000 United Auto Workers - Positions 92%
1999-2000 National Farmers Union - Positions 92%
1999 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 90%
1999 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 100%
1999 Communications Workers of America - Positions 100%
1999 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 100%
1999 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 100%
1999 Transportation Communications Union - Positions 100%
1999 United Auto Workers - Positions 85%
1998 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 78%
1998 Communications Workers of America - Positions 60%
1998 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 50%
1998 National Farmers Union - Positions 100%
1998 Transportation Communications Union - Positions 80%
1998 United Auto Workers - Positions 63%
1997-1998 International Brotherhood of Teamsters - Positions 80%
1997 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 83%
1997 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 83%
1997 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 88%
1997 Communications Workers of America - Positions 86%
1997 National Farmers Union - Positions 83%
1997 United Auto Workers - Positions 89%
1997 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 92%
1996 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 79%
1996 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 71%
1996 Communications Workers of America - Positions on Workplace Rights 50%
1996 National Farmers Union - Positions 93%
1996 United Auto Workers - Positions on Workplace Rights 83%
1996 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 77%
1995 International Brotherhood of Teamsters - Positions 88%
1995 National Farmers Union - Positions 80%
1995 Transportation Communications Union - Positions 70%
1995 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions on Workplace Rights 86%
1994 National Farmers Union - Family Farm Advocacy Score 78%
1994 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 60%
1993 National Farmers Union - Positions 78%
1993 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions on Workplace Rights 88%
1991 American Postal Workers Union - Positions 60%
1989-1990 National Federation of Federal Employees - Positions 88%
1989 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 58%

Liberal

2003 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 80%
2003 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 80%
2003 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 43%
2003 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 80%
2003 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 80%
2003 National Journal - Liberal on Economic Policy Score 67%
2003 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 68%
2003 National Journal - Composite Liberal Score 72%
2003 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 78%
2003 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 100%
2003 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 100%
2002 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 85%
2002 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 85%
2002 National Journal - Composite Liberal Score 62%
2002 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 52%
2002 National Journal - Liberal on Economic Policy Score 66%
2002 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 67%
2002 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 67%
2001-2002 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 90%
2001-2002 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 90%
2001-2002 People for the American Way - Positions 77%
2001-2002 People for the American Way - Positions 77%
2001-2002 Radical Middle - Positions 5%
2001 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 90%
2001 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 90%
2001 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100%
2001 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 94%
2001 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 94%
2001 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 51%
2001 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 65%
2000 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 85%
2000 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 90%
2000 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 66%
2000 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 58%
2000 National Journal - Liberal on Economic Policy Score 67%
2000 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 91%
2000 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 91%
1999 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 85%
1999 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 85%
1999 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 65%
1999 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 74%
1999 National Journal - Liberal on Economic Policy Score 66%
1999 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 90%
1999 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 90%
1998 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 55%
1998 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 55%
1998 National Journal - Liberal on Defense/Foreign Policy Score 51%
1998 National Journal - Liberal on Economic Policy Score 61%
1998 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 37%
1998 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 67%
1998 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 67%
1997-1998 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 80%
1997-1998 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 80%
1997 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 75%
1997 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 75%
1997 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 65%
1996 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 70%
1996 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 70%
1996 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100%
1996 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign\Defense Policy 60%
1996 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 67%
1996 National Journal - Liberal on Economic Policy Score 87%
1996 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 73%
1996 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 73%
1995-1996 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 80%
1995-1996 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 80%
1995 The Libertarian Party - Positions 40%
1995 The Libertarian Party - Positions 50%
1995 The Libertarian Party - Positions 45%

Marriage, Family, and Children

2003 American Humane Association - Positions 40%
2003 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 11%
2003 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 16%
2003 Eagle Forum - Positions 29%
2003 Family Research Council - Positions 29%
2003 National Network for Youth - Positions 100%
2003 Population Action International - Positions 100%
2003 Population Connection - Positions 100%
2002 American Family Voices - Positions 78%
2002 Eagle Forum - Positions 25%
2002 Population Connection - Positions 100%
2001-2002 American Humane Association - Positions 75%
2001-2002 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 20%
2001-2002 Family Research Council - Positions 22%
2001 Children's Defense Fund - Positions 91%
2001 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 40%
2001 National Youth Advocacy Coalition - Positions 0%
2001 Population Connection - Positions 100%
2000 Children's Defense Fund - Positions 100%
2000 Family Research Council - Positions 50%
2000 Population Connection - Positions 100%
1999-2000 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 23%
1999-2000 Home School Legal Defense Association - Positions 40%
1999 Children's Defense Fund - Positions 93%
1999 Population Connection - Positions 100%
1998 Children's Defense Fund - Positions 78%
1997-1998 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 9%
1997-1998 Home School Legal Defense Association - Positions 0%
1997-1998 Population Connection - Positions 100%
1997 Children's Defense Fund - Positions 91%
1997 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 14%
1997 Population Connection - Positions 100%
1996 Children's Defense Fund - Positions 80%
1996 Population Connection - Positions 100%
1995-1996 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 7%

Senior Citizens

2003 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 100%
2002 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 100%
2002 National Active and Retired Federal Employees Association - Positions 100%
2002 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 100%
2001-2002 National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare - Positions 100%
2001 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 100%
2001 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 87%
2000 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 90%
2000 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 71%
1999-2000 National Active and Retired Federal Employees Association - Positions 100%
1999-2000 National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare - Positions 100%
1999-2000 United Seniors Association - Positions 11%
1999 National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare - Positions 100%
1999 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 100%
1999 United Seniors Association - Positions 0%
1998 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 80%
1997-1998 60 Plus Association - Positions 20%
1997-1998 National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare - Positions 85%
1997 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 70%
1996 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 90%
1995-1996 60 Plus Association - Positions 12%
1995-1996 National Active and Retired Federal Employees Association - Positions 80%
1995-1996 National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare - Positions 93%

Social

2003-2004 ACT! for America - Positions 50%
2003-2004 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 36%
2003 American Humane Association - Positions 40%
2003 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 80%
2003 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 11%
2003 Center for Reclaiming America - Positions 33%
2003 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 16%
2003 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 16%
2003 Concerned Women for America - Positions 25%
2003 Concerned Women for America - Positions 25%
2003 Eagle Forum - Positions 29%
2003 Family Research Council - Positions 29%
2003 Family Research Council - Positions 29%
2003 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 43%
2003 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 80%
2003 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 68%
2003 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 26%
2003 National Network for Youth - Positions 100%
2003 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 100%
2003 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 100%
2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 42
2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 42
2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 42
2002 American Immigration Lawyers Association - Positions 100%
2002 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 85%
2002 Eagle Forum - Positions 25%
2002 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 46%
2002 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 52%
2002 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 67%
2002 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 67%
2002 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 5
2002 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 5
2002 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 5
2002 The John Birch Society - Positions 35%
2002 The John Birch Society - Positions 35%
2001-2002 American Bar Association - Positions 100%
2001-2002 American Humane Association - Positions 75%
2001-2002 American Muslims for Jerusalem - Positions on International Middle East Policy Advocacy +3
2001-2002 Bread for the World - Positions 100%
2001-2002 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 20%
2001-2002 Concerned Women for America - Positions 62%
2001-2002 Concerned Women for America - Positions 62%
2001-2002 Family Research Council - Positions 22%
2001-2002 Family Research Council - Positions 22%
2001-2002 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 90%
2001-2002 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 33%
2001-2002 People for the American Way - Positions 77%
2001 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 90%
2001 Children's Defense Fund - Positions 91%
2001 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 40%
2001 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 40%
2001 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100%
2001 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 94%
2001 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 65%
2001 National Youth Advocacy Coalition - Positions 0%
2001 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 31%
2001 The John Birch Society - Positions 20%
2001 The John Birch Society - Positions 20%
2000 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 85%
2000 Bread for the World - Positions 100%
2000 Children's Defense Fund - Positions 100%
2000 Concerned Women for America - Positions 43%
2000 Concerned Women for America - Positions 43%
2000 Family Research Council - Positions 50%
2000 Family Research Council - Positions 50%
2000 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 0%
2000 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 90%
2000 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 66%
2000 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 21%
2000 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 91%
2000 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 91%
2000 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 15%
2000 The John Birch Society - Positions 20%
2000 The John Birch Society - Positions 20%
1999-2000 American Bar Association - Positions 100%
1999-2000 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 23%
1999-2000 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 23%
1999-2000 Home School Legal Defense Association - Positions 40%
1999-2000 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 11%
1999 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 85%
1999 Bread for the World - Positions 100%
1999 Children's Defense Fund - Positions 93%
1999 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 30%
1999 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 65%
1999 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 74%
1999 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 25%
1999 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 13%
1999 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 90%
1999 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 90%
1999 The John Birch Society - Positions 28%
1999 The John Birch Society - Positions 28%
1998 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 55%
1998 Bread for the World - Positions 33%
1998 Children's Defense Fund - Positions 78%
1998 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 37%
1998 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 67%
1998 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 67%
1998 The John Birch Society - Positions 37%
1998 The John Birch Society - Positions 37%
1997-1998 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 9%
1997-1998 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 9%
1997-1998 Concerned Women for America - Positions 25%
1997-1998 Concerned Women for America - Positions 25%
1997-1998 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 80%
1997-1998 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 33%
1997 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 75%
1997 Bread for the World - Positions 60%
1997 Children's Defense Fund - Positions 91%
1997 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 14%
1997 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 14%
1997 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 50%
1997 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 65%
1997 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 25%
1997 The John Birch Society - Positions 35%
1997 The John Birch Society - Positions 35%
1996 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 70%
1996 Bread for the World - Positions on Addressing World Hunger 71%
1996 Children's Defense Fund - Positions 80%
1996 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100%
1996 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 67%
1996 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0%
1996 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 73%
1996 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 73%
1995-1996 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 7%
1995-1996 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 7%
1995-1996 Concerned Women for America - Positions 50%
1995-1996 Concerned Women for America - Positions 50%
1995-1996 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 80%
1995-1996 The John Birch Society - Positions 40%
1995-1996 The John Birch Society - Positions 40%
1995 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 50%
1993 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 60%
1991-1992 Christian Voice - Positions 50%
1991-1992 Christian Voice - Positions 50%

Women

2003 American Association of University Women - Positions 100%
2003 American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists - Positions 100%
2003 Business and Professional Women USA - Positions 80%
2003 Concerned Women for America - Positions 25%
2003 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 43%
2001-2002 American Association of University Women - Positions 88%
2001-2002 Business and Professional Women USA - Positions 78%
2001-2002 Concerned Women for America - Positions 62%
2001-2002 Women's Action for New Directions (WAND) and-WILL - Positions 63%
2001 American Association of University Women - Positions 83%
2001 American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists - Positions 100%
2001 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100%
2000 Concerned Women for America - Positions 43%
2000 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 90%
1999-2000 American Association of University Women - Positions 90%
1999 American Association of University Women - Positions 87%
1999 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 65%
1998 National Organization for Women - Positions 75%
1997-1998 American Association of University Women - Positions 67%
1997-1998 Concerned Women for America - Positions 25%
1997 American Association of University Women - Positions 80%
1997 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 65%
1996 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100%
1995-1996 American Association of University Women - Positions 86%
1995-1996 Concerned Women for America - Positions 50%
1995 The Woman Activist - Positions 60%
1989-1990 National Women's Political Caucus - Positions 81%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Project Vote Smart displays all known interest group ratings for each candidate and official, regardless of issue or bias.

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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