Senator Daniel R. Coats's Special Interest Group Ratings

Biographical

Full Name: Daniel R. Coats
Current Office: U.S. Senate - Sr, Republican
First Elected: 11/02/2010
Last Elected: 11/02/2010
Next Election: 2016
Gender: Male
Family: Wife: Marsha; 3 Children
Birth Date: 05/16/1943
Birth Place: Jackson, MI
Home City: Fort Wayne, IN
Religion: Presbyterian
View 2010 Endorsements
Filter by Issue
How To Interpret These Evaluations

Budget, Spending and Taxes

2013 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 10% 2013 Alliance for Retired Americans - Lifetime Score 7% 2013 Bread for the World - Positions 14% 2013 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 92% 2013 FreedomWorks - Positions 62% 2013 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy 77% 2013 National Journal - Liberal on Economic Policy 22% 2013 Sargent Shriver National Center on Poverty Law - Positions 11% 2013 The Club for Growth - Positions 75% 2013 The Club for Growth - Positions (lifetime) 83% 2012 Alliance for Retired Americans - Lifetime Score 5% 2012 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 0% 2012 Bread for the World - Positions 50% 2012 Drum Major Institute for Public Policy/TheMiddleClass.org - Positions 0% 2012 FreedomWorks - Positions 69% 2012 National Taxpayers Union - Positions on Tax and Spending 77% 2012 National Taxpayers Union - Positions on Tax and Spending 77% 2012 Sargent Shriver National Center on Poverty Law - Positions 18% 2012 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 4% 2011 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 10% 2011 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 84% 2011 Drum Major Institute for Public Policy/TheMiddleClass.org - Positions 16% 2011 FreedomWorks - Positions 83% 2011 National Taxpayers Union - Positions on Tax and Spending 86% 2011 National Taxpayers Union - Positions on Tax and Spending 86% 2011 Sargent Shriver National Center on Poverty Law - Positions 36% 2011 The Club for Growth - Positions 96% 1998 Taxpayers for Common Sense - Positions 44% 1997 Bread for the World - Positions 0% 1997 Concord Coalition - Positions 43% 1997 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 10% 1997 National Taxpayers Union - Spending Score 78% 1997 National Taxpayers Union - Spending Score 78% 1997 Taxpayers for Common Sense - Positions 50% 1996 Bread for the World - Positions on Addressing World Hunger 0% 1996 Concord Coalition - Positions 89% 1996 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 10% 1995-1996 60 Plus Association - Positions 100% 1995-1996 60 Plus Association - Positions 100% 1995-1996 National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare - Positions 7% 1995-1996 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 100% 1995 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 92% 1995 Concord Coalition - Positions 52% 1995 National Taxpayers Union - Spending Score 90% 1995 National Taxpayers Union - Spending Score 90% 1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Spending Score 77% 1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Taxes Score 100% 1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Budget Score 76%

Business and Consumers

2014 Population Connection - Positions (Jan. 9, 2014) 0% 2014 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 17% 2013-2014 Associated General Contractors of America - Lifetime Scores (Infrastructure) 33% 2013-2014 Associated General Contractors of America - Lifetime Scores 81% 2013-2014 Associated General Contractors of America - Positions 57% 2013-2014 Associated General Contractors of America - Lifetime Scores (Other) 100% 2013-2014 Associated General Contractors of America - Lifetime Scores (Taxes) 100% 2013-2014 Associated General Contractors of America - Lifetime Scores (Labor) 75% 2013-2014 Associated General Contractors of America - Lifetime Scores (Environment) 100% 2013-2014 National Association for College Admission Counseling - Positions 0% 2013-2014 National Retail Federation - Positions: Other (Senate Only) 100% 2013-2014 National Retail Federation - Positions: Labor 100% 2013-2014 National Retail Federation - Positions: Budget/Tax 50% 2013 Food Policy Action - Positions 33% 2013 International Foodservice Distributors Association - Positions 100% 2013 National Education Association - Positions 0% 2013 National Education Association - Positions 0% 2013 National Electrical Contractors Association - Positions 80% 2013 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 100% 2013 The National Lumber and Building Material Dealers Association - Positions 66% 2013 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 88% 2013 United States Chamber of Commerce - Lifetime Score 87% 2012 National Association of Manufacturers - Positions of 112th Congress 93% 2012 National Education Association - Positions 0% 2012 National Education Association - Positions 0% 2012 National Electrical Contractors Association - Positions 55% 2012 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 4% 2012 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 88% 2012 United States Chamber of Commerce - Lifetime Score 87% 2011-2012 American Association of University Women - Positions 10 2011-2012 American Council of Engineering Companies - Positions 78 2011-2012 Financial Executives International - Positions 86% 2011-2012 Food Policy Action - Positions 22% 2011-2012 Independent Electrical Contractors - Positions (Senate) 75% 2011-2012 National Association for College Admission Counseling - Positions 16% 2011-2012 National Association of Manufacturers - Positions 93% 2011-2012 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 100% 2011-2012 National Retail Federation - Positions: Labor (Senate) 100% 2011-2012 National Retail Federation - Positions: International Trade 100% 2011-2012 National Stone, Sand & Gravel Association - Positions 44% 2011-2012 Plumbing-Heating-Cooling Contractors-National Association - Positions 83% 2011-2012 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 95% 2011-2012 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 0% 2011 National Association for College Admission Counseling - Positions 0% 2011 National Education Association - Positions 0% 2011 National Education Association - Positions 0% 2011 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 100% 2011 National Retail Federation - Positions 85% 2011 National Small Business Association - Positions 50% 2011 National Stone, Sand & Gravel Association - Positions 75% 2011 The National Lumber and Building Material Dealers Association - Positions 50% 2011 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 91% 2008-2011 Global Exchange - Percent Loyalty to Finance, Insurance, Real Estate Lobby 100% 1997-1998 American Association of University Women - Positions 0% 1997 American Association of University Women - Positions 0% 1997 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 80% 1997 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 90% 1997 Consumer Federation of America - Positions 29% 1997 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 10% 1997 National Education Association - Positions 25% 1997 National Education Association - Positions 25% 1997 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 80% 1997 Population Connection - Positions 0% 1997 Public Citizen's Congress Watch - Positions 25% 1997 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 0% 1997 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 50% 1996 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 95% 1996 Consumer Federation of America - Positions 21% 1996 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 10% 1996 National Education Association - Positions 6% 1996 National Education Association - Positions 6% 1996 Population Connection - Positions 0% 1996 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 0% 1996 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 100% 1995-1996 American Association of University Women - Positions 0% 1995-1996 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 90% 1995-1996 National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare - Positions 7% 1995-1996 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 100% 1995-1996 Public Citizen's Congress Watch - Positions 24% 1995-1996 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 11% 1995-1996 United States Student Association - Positions 9% 1995 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 100% 1995 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions on Workplace Rights 0% 1994 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 0% 1993 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions on Workplace Rights 25%

Civil Liberties and Civil Rights

2014 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions (captured January 3, 2014) 0% 2014 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions (captured June 17, 2014) 0% 2014 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 0% 2014 Human Rights Campaign - Positions on Marriage 0% 2014 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - Positions 18% 2013 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 0% 2013 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Positions 6% 2012 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 10% 2012 Drum Major Institute for Public Policy/TheMiddleClass.org - Positions 0% 2012 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 0% 2012 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Positions on Civil Rights 0% 2012 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Total Score 0% 2011-2012 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 25% 2011-2012 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 15% 2011-2012 United States Campaign to End the Israeli Occupation - Positions on International Middle East Human Rights 44% 2011 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 10% 2011 Drum Major Institute for Public Policy/TheMiddleClass.org - Positions 16% 2011 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) 0% 2006-2012 Global Exchange - Percent Loyalty to Finance, Insurance, Real Estate Lobby 100% 1997-1998 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 20% 1997-1998 Home School Legal Defense Association - Positions 60% 1997-1998 League of United Latin American Citizens - Positions 9% 1997 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 33% 1996 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 18% 1995-1996 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 11% 1995-1996 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Positions 15% 1995-1996 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - Positions 20% 1991-1992 National Gay & Lesbian Task Force - Positions 0%

Conservative

2014 Americans for Prosperity - Lifetime Score (June 23, 2014) 82% 2014 Americans for Prosperity - Positions (June 23, 2014) 78% 2014 Americans for Prosperity - Positions (June 23, 2014) 78% 2014 Americans for Prosperity - Lifetime Score 87% 2014 Americans for Prosperity - Positions (Jan. 7, 2014) 88% 2014 Americans for Prosperity - Lifetime Score (June 23, 2014) 82% 2014 Americans for Prosperity - Lifetime Score 87% 2014 Americans for Prosperity - Positions (Jan. 7, 2014) 88% 2014 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Positions 90 2014 Heritage Action for America - Positions (Jan. 9, 2014) 70% 2014 Heritage Action for America - Positions (Jan. 9, 2014) 70% 2014 Heritage Action for America - Positions (Jan. 9, 2014) 70% 2014 The John Birch Society - Positions 70% 2014 The John Birch Society - Lifetime Score 71% 2014 The John Birch Society - Positions 70% 2014 The John Birch Society - Lifetime Score 71% 2013-2014 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 100% 2013-2014 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 100% 2013-2014 Eagle Forum - Positions 50% 2013-2014 Eagle Forum - Positions 50% 2013 American Conservative Union - Positions 83% 2013 American Conservative Union - Lifetime Score 89% 2013 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Workplace Choice (August, 2013) 100% 2013 Concerned Women for America - Positions 90% 2013 Concerned Women for America - Positions 90% 2013 Eagle Forum - Positions 58% 2013 Eagle Forum - Positions 58% 2013 FreedomWorks - Positions 62% 2013 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy 73% 2013 National Journal - Conservative (Composite) 79% 2013 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy 84% 2013 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy 77% 2013 The Club for Growth - Positions 75% 2013 The Club for Growth - Positions (lifetime) 83% 2013 The John Birch Society - Positions 60% 2013 The John Birch Society - Positions 60% 2013 The New American - Positions on Conservative Issues 70 2012 American Conservative Union - Lifetime Score 90% 2012 American Conservative Union - Ratings of Congress 80% 2012 Catholic Advocate - Positions 100% 2012 Eagle Forum - Positions 100% 2012 Eagle Forum - Positions 100% 2012 Family Research Council - Positions 71% 2012 FreedomWorks - Positions 69% 2012 National Journal - Senate Conservative (Foreign) 71% 2012 National Journal - Senate Conservative (Composite Score) 72% 2012 National Journal - Senate Conservative (Economic) 78% 2012 National Journal - Senate Conservative (Social) 65% 2012 National Taxpayers Union - Positions on Tax and Spending 77% 2012 The Club for Growth - Positions 79% 2012 The John Birch Society - Positions 73% 2012 The John Birch Society - Positions 73% 2011-2012 Americans for Prosperity - Lifetime score 89% 2011-2012 Americans for Prosperity - Lifetime score 89% 2011-2012 Americans for Prosperity - Positions 86% 2011-2012 Americans for Prosperity - Positions 86% 2011-2012 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 100% 2011-2012 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 100% 2011-2012 Concerned Women for America - Positions 88% 2011-2012 Concerned Women for America - Positions 88% 2011-2012 Heritage Action for America - Positions 78% 2011-2012 Heritage Action for America - Positions 78% 2011-2012 Heritage Action for America - Positions 78% 2011-2012 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Net Congressional Score 13% 2011-2012 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 100% 2011 American Conservative Union - Lifetime Score 90% 2011 American Conservative Union - Positions 90% 2011 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 100% 2011 Concerned Women for America - Positions 91% 2011 Concerned Women for America - Positions 91% 2011 Eagle Forum - Positions 53% 2011 Eagle Forum - Positions 53% 2011 Family Research Council - Positions 85% 2011 FreedomWorks - Positions 83% 2011 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 88% 2011 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy Score 70% 2011 National Journal - Conservative Composite Score 77% 2011 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 23% 2011 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 76% 2011 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 100% 2011 National Taxpayers Union - Positions on Tax and Spending 86% 2011 The Club for Growth - Positions 96% 2011 The John Birch Society - Positions (Spring-Summer) 60% 2011 The John Birch Society - Positions (Summer-Fall) 65% 2011 The John Birch Society - Positions (Summer-Fall) 65% 2011 The John Birch Society - Positions (Spring-Summer) 60% 2011 The New American - Positions on Conservative Issues 65% 1997-1998 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 100% 1997-1998 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 100% 1997 American Conservative Union - Positions 88% 1997 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 100% 1997 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 100% 1997 National Taxpayers Union - Spending Score 78% 1997 The John Birch Society - Positions 74% 1997 The John Birch Society - Positions 74% 1996 American Conservative Union - Positions 100% 1996 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy Score 74% 1996 National Journal - Conservative on Defense/Foreign Policy Score 74% 1996 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 72% 1996 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 100% 1995-1996 60 Plus Association - Positions 100% 1995-1996 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 100% 1995-1996 Concerned Women for America - Positions 75% 1995-1996 Concerned Women for America - Positions 75% 1995-1996 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 100% 1995-1996 The John Birch Society - Positions 70% 1995-1996 The John Birch Society - Positions 70% 1995 American Conservative Union - Positions 96% 1995 American Conservative Union - Lifetime Score 90% 1995 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 30% 1995 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 30% 1995 National Taxpayers Union - Spending Score 90% 1994 American Conservative Union - Positions 92% 1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Deregulation Score 86% 1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Spending Score 77% 1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Environment Score 67% 1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Budget Score 76% 1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Total Score 78% 1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Positions on Agriculture 100% 1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Taxes Score 100% 1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Trade Score 100% 1993 American Conservative Union - Positions 88% 1993 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 40% 1993 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 40% 1991-1992 Christian Voice - Positions 100%

Education

2014 Population Connection - Positions (Jan. 9, 2014) 0% 2013-2014 National Association for College Admission Counseling - Positions 0% 2013 American Library Association - Positions 0% 2013 National Education Association - Positions 0% 2013 National Education Association - Positions 0% 2012 American Library Association - Positions 0% 2012 National Education Association - Positions 0% 2012 National Education Association - Positions 0% 2011-2012 American Association of University Women - Positions 10 2011-2012 American Security Council Foundation - Positions 100% 2011-2012 National Association for College Admission Counseling - Positions 16% 2011-2012 The American Hellenic Educational Progressive Association - Positions 50% 2011 American Library Association - Positions 0% 2011 American Security Council Foundation - Positions 100% 2011 National Association for College Admission Counseling - Positions 0% 2011 National Education Association - Positions 0% 2011 National Education Association - Positions 0% 1997-1998 American Association of University Women - Positions 0% 1997-1998 Home School Legal Defense Association - Positions 60% 1997 American Association of University Women - Positions 0% 1997 National Education Association - Positions 25% 1997 National Education Association - Positions 25% 1997 Population Connection - Positions 0% 1996 National Education Association - Positions 6% 1996 National Education Association - Positions 6% 1996 Population Connection - Positions 0% 1995-1996 American Association of University Women - Positions 0% 1995-1996 United States Student Association - Positions 9% 1993-1994 American Security Council Foundation - Positions 100%

Foreign Affairs

2014 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 0% 2014 Peace Action West - Positions (June 3, 2014) 0% 2013 Bread for the World - Positions 14% 2013 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 0% 2013 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy 73% 2013 Peace Action West - Positions (Nov. 20, 2013) 0% 2012 Arab American Institute - Positions on Arab-American Issues 13% 2012 Armenian National Committee of America - Positions 46% 2012 Bread for the World - Positions 50% 2012 Citizens for Global Solutions - Global Issues Score 0% 2012 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 0% 2012 National Journal - Senate Conservative (Foreign) 71% 2012 Peace Action - Positions 0% 2011-2012 ACT! for America - Positions 100% 2011-2012 American Security Council Foundation - Positions 100% 2011-2012 United States Campaign to End the Israeli Occupation - Positions on International Middle East Human Rights 44% 2011-2012 USA Engage - Positions 100% 2011 American Security Council Foundation - Positions 100% 2011 Arab American Institute - Positions on Arab-American Issues 14% 2011 Citizens for Global Solutions - Global Issues Score 0% 2011 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 60% 2011 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 76% 2011 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 23% 2011 Peace Action West - Positions 11% 2009 Resolve Uganda - Lifetime Score 25% 2006-2012 Global Exchange - Percent Loyalty to Finance, Insurance, Real Estate Lobby 100% 1997 Bread for the World - Positions 0% 1997 Council for a Livable World - Positions 17% 1997 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 14% 1997 Peace Action - Positions 17% 1996 Bread for the World - Positions on Addressing World Hunger 0% 1996 Center for Security Policy - Positions 92% 1996 Council for a Livable World - Positions 9% 1996 National Journal - Conservative on Defense/Foreign Policy Score 74% 1996 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign\Defense Policy 0% 1996 Peace Action - Positions 9% 1995-1996 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Peace and Justice Score 0% 1995 Peace Action - Positions 17% 1993-1994 American Security Council Foundation - Positions 100%

Government Operations

2013 Alliance for Retired Americans - Lifetime Score 7% 2013 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 10% 2013 Bread for the World - Positions 14% 2013 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 92% 2013 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 92% 2013 FreedomWorks - Positions 62% 2013 Sargent Shriver National Center on Poverty Law - Positions 11% 2013 The Club for Growth - Positions (lifetime) 83% 2013 The Club for Growth - Positions 75% 2012 Alliance for Retired Americans - Lifetime Score 5% 2012 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 0% 2012 Bread for the World - Positions 50% 2012 FreedomWorks - Positions 69% 2012 National Taxpayers Union - Positions on Tax and Spending 77% 2012 National Taxpayers Union - Positions on Tax and Spending 77% 2012 Sargent Shriver National Center on Poverty Law - Positions 18% 2012 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 4% 2011 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 10% 2011 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 84% 2011 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 84% 2011 FreedomWorks - Positions 83% 2011 National Taxpayers Union - Positions on Tax and Spending 86% 2011 National Taxpayers Union - Positions on Tax and Spending 86% 2011 Sargent Shriver National Center on Poverty Law - Positions 36% 2011 The Club for Growth - Positions 96% 1998 Taxpayers for Common Sense - Positions 44% 1997 Bread for the World - Positions 0% 1997 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 10% 1997 National Taxpayers Union - Spending Score 78% 1997 National Taxpayers Union - Spending Score 78% 1997 Taxpayers for Common Sense - Positions 50% 1996 Bread for the World - Positions on Addressing World Hunger 0% 1996 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 10% 1995-1996 60 Plus Association - Positions 100% 1995-1996 60 Plus Association - Positions 100% 1995-1996 National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare - Positions 7% 1995-1996 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 100% 1995 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 92% 1995 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 92% 1995 National Taxpayers Union - Spending Score 90% 1995 National Taxpayers Union - Spending Score 90% 1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Taxes Score 100% 1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Deregulation Score 86% 1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Budget Score 76% 1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Spending Score 77%

Health and Health Care

2014 American Veterinary Medical Assoctiation - Positions on Professional Advocacy 100% 2014 National Right to Life Committee - Positions (June 4, 2014) 100% 2014 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions captured January 9, 2014 (reflect past 6 years' voting record) 0% 2014 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions (June 27, 2014) 0% 2014 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 17% 2013-2014 National Breast Cancer Coalition - Positions 0% 2013 American Public Health Association - Positions 38% 2013 American Veterinary Medical Assoctiation - Positions on Professional Advocacy 0% 2013 Food Policy Action - Positions 33% 2013 Food Policy Action - Positions 33% 2013 International Foodservice Distributors Association - Positions 100% 2013 National Right to Life Committee - Positions (Jan. 14, 2014) 100% 2013 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions captured February, 2013 (reflect voting records of past 6 years) 0% 2012 AIDS Drug Assistance Program (ADAP) Advocacy Association - Positions 0% 2012 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions captured June, 2012 (reflect voting records of past 6 years) 0% 2012 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 4% 2011-2012 Food Policy Action - Positions 22% 2011-2012 Food Policy Action - Positions 22% 2011-2012 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 100% 2011-2012 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 0% 2011 AIDS Drug Assistance Program (ADAP) Advocacy Association - Positions 33% 2011 American Nurses Association - Positions 0% 2011 American Veterinary Medical Assoctiation - Positions on Professional Advocacy 100% 2011 Association of University Centers on Disabilities - Positions 0% 2011 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 100% 1997-1998 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 100% 1997 American Public Health Association - Positions 11% 1997 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 10% 1997 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 100% 1997 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 0% 1996 National Association of Social Workers - Positions 0% 1996 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 10% 1996 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 100% 1996 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 0% 1995-1996 AIDS United - Positions 33% 1995-1996 National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare - Positions 7% 1995-1996 Smokefree Action - Positions 33% 1995 American Public Health Association - Positions 3% 1995 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions on Workplace Rights 0% 1994 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 0% 1993-1996 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions 6% 1993 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions on Workplace Rights 25% 1991 National Association of Social Workers - Positions 20%

Labor Unions

2014 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 17% 2013 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 22% 2013 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Lifetime Score 15% 2013 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 18% 2013 International Foodservice Distributors Association - Positions 100% 2012 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Lifetime Score 10% 2012 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 0% 2012 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 0% 2012 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 4% 2011-2012 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 0% 2011 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 13% 2011 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 16% 2011 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 0% 2011 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Lifetime Score 0% 2011 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 0% 1997 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 0% 1997 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 0% 1997 Communications Workers of America - Positions 0% 1997 National Farmers Union - Positions 43% 1997 United Auto Workers - Positions 0% 1997 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 0% 1996 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 6% 1996 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 0% 1996 Communications Workers of America - Positions on Workplace Rights 71% 1996 National Farmers Union - Positions 13% 1996 United Auto Workers - Positions on Workplace Rights 0% 1996 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 0% 1995 International Brotherhood of Teamsters - Positions 0% 1995 National Farmers Union - Positions 40% 1995 Transportation Communications Union - Positions 20% 1995 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions on Workplace Rights 0% 1994 National Farmers Union - Family Farm Advocacy Score 56% 1994 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 0% 1993 National Farmers Union - Positions 56% 1993 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions on Workplace Rights 25% 1991 American Postal Workers Union - Positions 20% 1989-1990 National Federation of Federal Employees - Positions 38% 1989 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 33%

Liberal

2013-2014 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Net Congressional Score (Jan. 13, 2014) 30% 2013-2014 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Net Congressional Score (Jan. 13, 2014) 30% 2013-2014 Progressive Punch - Crucial Votes 4% 2013-2014 Progressive Punch - Lifetime Score 8% 2013-2014 Progressive Punch - Lifetime Score 8% 2013-2014 Progressive Punch - Overall Positions 7% 2013-2014 Progressive Punch - Crucial Votes Lifetime Score 5% 2013-2014 Progressive Punch - Crucial Votes Lifetime Score 5% 2013-2014 Progressive Punch - Crucial Votes 4% 2013-2014 Progressive Punch - Overall Positions 7% 2013 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy 14% 2013 National Journal - Liberal on Economic Policy 22% 2013 National Journal - Liberal (Composite) 21% 2012 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 10% 2012 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 10% 2012 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 0% 2012 National Journal - Senate Liberal (Economic) 21% 2012 National Journal - Senate Liberal (Composite Score) 28% 2012 National Journal - Senate Liberal (Foreign) 28% 2012 National Journal - Senate Liberal (Social) 34% 2012 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 8% 2012 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 8% 2011-2012 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Conservative Action Score 75% 2011-2012 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Conservative Action Score 75% 2011-2012 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Liberal Action Score 0% 2011-2012 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Liberal Action Score 0% 2011-2012 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Net Congressional Score 13% 2011 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 10% 2011 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 10% 2011 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 0% 2011 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy 12% 2011 National Journal - Liberal on Economic Policy Score 30% 2011 National Journal - Liberal Composite Score 23% 1997 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 10% 1997 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 10% 1997 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 0% 1996 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 10% 1996 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 10% 1996 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 0% 1996 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 0% 1996 National Journal - Liberal on Economic Policy Score 25% 1996 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign\Defense Policy 0% 1996 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 7% 1996 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 7% 1995-1996 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 0% 1995-1996 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 0% 1995 The Libertarian Party - Positions 90% 1995 The Libertarian Party - Positions 65% 1995 The Libertarian Party - Positions 40%

Social

2014 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 0% 2014 Heritage Action for America - Positions (Jan. 9, 2014) 70% 2014 The John Birch Society - Lifetime Score 71% 2014 The John Birch Society - Lifetime Score 71% 2014 The John Birch Society - Positions 70% 2014 The John Birch Society - Positions 70% 2013-2014 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 100% 2013-2014 Eagle Forum - Positions 50% 2013-2014 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Net Congressional Score (Jan. 13, 2014) 30% 2013-2014 Progressive Punch - Crucial Votes Lifetime Score 5% 2013-2014 Progressive Punch - Overall Positions 7% 2013-2014 Progressive Punch - Crucial Votes 4% 2013-2014 Progressive Punch - Lifetime Score 8% 2013 Americans United for the Separation of Church and State - Positions 100% 2013 Bread for the World - Positions 14% 2013 Concerned Women for America - Positions 90% 2013 Concerned Women for America - Positions 90% 2013 Eagle Forum - Positions 58% 2013 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 0% 2013 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy 14% 2013 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy 84% 2013 National Organization for Marriage - Positions 0% 2013 Secular Coalition for America - Congressional Positions 42% 2013 The John Birch Society - Positions 60% 2013 The John Birch Society - Positions 60% 2012 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 10% 2012 Bread for the World - Positions 50% 2012 Catholic Advocate - Positions 100% 2012 Catholic Advocate - Positions 100% 2012 Drum Major Institute for Public Policy/TheMiddleClass.org - Positions 0% 2012 Eagle Forum - Positions 100% 2012 Family Research Council - Positions 71% 2012 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 0% 2012 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 0% 2012 National Journal - Senate Liberal (Social) 34% 2012 National Journal - Senate Conservative (Social) 65% 2012 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 8% 2012 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 8% 2012 Open Doors USA - Positions 50% 2012 The John Birch Society - Positions 73% 2012 The John Birch Society - Positions 73% 2011-2012 ACT! for America - Positions 100% 2011-2012 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 100% 2011-2012 Concerned Women for America - Positions 88% 2011-2012 Concerned Women for America - Positions 88% 2011-2012 Heritage Action for America - Positions 78% 2011-2012 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Liberal Action Score 0% 2011-2012 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Net Congressional Score 13% 2011-2012 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Conservative Action Score 75% 2011-2012 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 100% 2011 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 10% 2011 Children's Defense Fund - Positions 25% 2011 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 100% 2011 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 100% 2011 Concerned Women for America - Positions 91% 2011 Concerned Women for America - Positions 91% 2011 Drum Major Institute for Public Policy/TheMiddleClass.org - Positions 16% 2011 Eagle Forum - Positions 53% 2011 Family Research Council - Positions 85% 2011 Family Research Council - Positions 85% 2011 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 0% 2011 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 88% 2011 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy 12% 2011 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 100% 2011 The John Birch Society - Positions (Spring-Summer) 60% 2011 The John Birch Society - Positions (Summer-Fall) 65% 2011 The John Birch Society - Positions (Summer-Fall) 65% 2011 The John Birch Society - Positions (Spring-Summer) 60% 1997-1998 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 100% 1997-1998 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 100% 1997-1998 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 100% 1997 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 10% 1997 Bread for the World - Positions 0% 1997 Children's Defense Fund - Positions 18% 1997 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 100% 1997 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 100% 1997 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 0% 1997 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 100% 1997 The John Birch Society - Positions 74% 1997 The John Birch Society - Positions 74% 1996 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 10% 1996 Bread for the World - Positions on Addressing World Hunger 0% 1996 Children's Defense Fund - Positions 13% 1996 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 0% 1996 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 0% 1996 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 72% 1996 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 100% 1996 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 7% 1996 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 7% 1995-1996 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 100% 1995-1996 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 100% 1995-1996 Concerned Women for America - Positions 75% 1995-1996 Concerned Women for America - Positions 75% 1995-1996 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 0% 1995-1996 The John Birch Society - Positions 70% 1995-1996 The John Birch Society - Positions 70% 1995 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 30% 1993 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 40% 1991-1992 Christian Voice - Positions 100% 1991-1992 Christian Voice - Positions 100%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Project Vote Smart displays all known interest group ratings for each candidate and official, regardless of issue or bias.

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.