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Ben 'Nighthorse' Campbell

Ben 'Nighthorse' Campbell's Ratings and Endorsements

Full Name: Ben 'Nighthorse' Campbell

Business and Consumers

2003 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 67%
2003 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 95%
2003 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 75%
2003 National Retail Federation - Positions 88%
2003 Public Citizen's Congress Watch - Positions 18%
2003 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 91%
2003 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 14%
2002 National Stone, Sand & Gravel Association - Positions 100%
2002 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 85%
2002 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 0%
2001-2002 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 89%
2001-2002 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 82%
2001-2002 National Association for the Self-Employed - Positions 100%
2001-2002 National Association of Manufacturers - Positions 88%
2001-2002 National Electrical Contractors Association - Positions 58%
2001-2002 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 100%
2001-2002 Plumbing-Heating-Cooling Contractors-National Association - Positions 100%
2001-2002 Public Citizen's Congress Watch - Positions 19%
2001-2002 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 86%
2001 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 100%
2001 National Stone, Sand & Gravel Association - Positions 100%
2001 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 91%
2001 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 85%
2001 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 6%
2000 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 86%
2000 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 91%
2000 Consumer Federation of America - Positions 10%
2000 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 100%
2000 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 84%
1999-2000 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 100%
1999-2000 Public Citizen's Congress Watch - Positions 33%
1999-2000 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 7%
1999 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 80%
1999 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 87%
1999 Consumer Federation of America - Positions 17%
1999 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 94%
1999 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 23%
1998 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 57%
1998 Consumer Federation of America - Positions 30%
1998 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 80%
1998 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 83%
1997-1998 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 100%
1997-1998 Public Citizen's Congress Watch - Positions 17%
1997-1998 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 23%
1997 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 80%
1997 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 86%
1997 Consumer Federation of America - Positions 29%
1997 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 100%
1997 Public Citizen's Congress Watch - Positions 12%
1997 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 60%
1996 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 78%
1996 Consumer Federation of America - Positions 29%
1996 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 82%
1995-1996 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 70%
1995-1996 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 86%
1995-1996 Public Citizen's Congress Watch - Positions 14%
1995-1996 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 22%
1995 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 100%

Civil Liberties and Civil Rights

2003 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 30%
2003 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Positions 11%
2003 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - Positions 22%
2003 United States Campaign to End the Israeli Occupation - Positions on International Middle East Human Rights -1
2001-2002 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 20%
2001-2002 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 14%
2001-2002 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Positions 15%
2001-2002 League of United Latin American Citizens - Positions 31%
2001-2002 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - Positions 33%
2001-2002 People for the American Way - Positions 8%
2001 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 25%
2001 Common Cause - Positions 0%
2001 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 20%
2001 League of United Latin American Citizens - Positions 36%
2001 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - Positions 36%
2000 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 43%
2000 League of United Latin American Citizens - Positions 25%
2000 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - Positions 13%
1999-2000 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 29%
1999-2000 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Positions 19%
1999 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 50%
1999 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 33%
1999 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - Positions 13%
1998 National Organization for Women - Positions 30%
1997-1998 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 33%
1997-1998 Home School Legal Defense Association - Positions 100%
1997-1998 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 50%
1997-1998 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Positions 35%
1997-1998 League of United Latin American Citizens - Positions 36%
1997 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 33%
1996 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 18%
1995-1996 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 67%
1995-1996 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Positions 50%
1995-1996 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - Positions 33%
1991-1992 National Gay & Lesbian Task Force - Positions 75%

Conservative

2003 American Conservative Union - Positions 85%
2003 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 92%
2003 Concerned Women for America - Positions 78%
2003 Eagle Forum - Positions 80%
2003 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 49%
2003 National Journal - Composite Conservative Score 53%
2002 American Conservative Union - Positions 88%
2002 Eagle Forum - Positions 80%
2002 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 53%
2002 National Journal - Composite Conservative Score 69%
2002 The John Birch Society - Positions 56%
2001-2002 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 100%
2001-2002 Concerned Women for America - Positions 100%
2001 American Conservative Union - Positions 92%
2001 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 65%
2001 The John Birch Society - Positions 85%
2000 American Conservative Union - Positions 96%
2000 Concerned Women for America - Positions 86%
2000 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 75%
2000 The John Birch Society - Positions 68%
1999 American Conservative Union - Positions 88%
1999 National Journal - Conservative on Defense/Foreign Policy Score 67%
1999 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy Score 56%
1999 The John Birch Society - Positions 60%
1998 American Conservative Union - Positions 76%
1998 National Journal - Conservative on Defense/Foreign Policy Score 36%
1998 The John Birch Society - Positions 50%
1997-1998 60 Plus Association - Positions 70%
1997-1998 Concerned Women for America - Positions 75%
1997 American Conservative Union - Positions 72%
1997 The John Birch Society - Positions 53%
1996 American Conservative Union - Positions 78%
1996 National Journal - Conservative on Defense/Foreign Policy Score 74%
1995-1996 60 Plus Association - Positions 83%
1995-1996 Concerned Women for America - Positions 50%
1995-1996 The John Birch Society - Positions 43%
1995 American Conservative Union - Lifetime Score 28%
1995 American Conservative Union - Positions 59%
1994 American Conservative Union - Positions 25%
1993 American Conservative Union - Positions 12%

Fiscally Conservative

2003-2004 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 90%
2003 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 95%
2003 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy Score 54%
2003 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 68%
2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 90
2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 90
2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 90
2002 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 90%
2002 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy Score 71%
2002 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 52%
2002 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 75
2002 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 75
2002 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 75
2001-2002 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 91%
2001-2002 The Cato Institute - Trade Barrier Votes Score 38%
2001-2002 The Cato Institute - Trade Subsidy Votes Score 50%
2001 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 85%
2001 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy Score 75%
2001 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 79%
2001 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 84%
2000 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 85%
2000 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 0%
2000 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy Score 57%
2000 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 72%
1999-2000 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 94%
1999-2000 The Cato Institute - Trade Barrier Votes Score 40%
1999 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 90%
1999 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 70%
1999 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 72%
1998 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 85%
1998 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy Score 57%
1998 National Taxpayers Union - Spending Score 54%
1997-1998 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 71%
1997-1998 The Cato Institute - Trade Subsidy Votes Score 17%
1997 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 40%
1997 National Taxpayers Union - Spending Score 72%
1996 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy Score 53%
1995-1996 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 100%
1995 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 40%
1995 National Taxpayers Union - Spending Score 81%
1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Environment Score 11%
1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Total Score 20%
1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Deregulation Score 20%
1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Positions on Agriculture 50%
1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Taxes Score 100%
1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Spending Score 27%
1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Budget Score 10%
1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Trade Score 0%
1993 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 50%

Foreign Affairs

2003-2004 ACT! for America - Positions 50%
2003 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 0%
2003 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 49%
2003 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 48%
2003 Peace Action - Positions 0%
2003 United States Campaign to End the Israeli Occupation - Positions on International Middle East Human Rights -1
2002-2003 Citizens for Global Solutions - Positions 8%
2002 American Security Council Foundation - Positions 50%
2002 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 53%
2002 Peace Action - Positions 20%
2001-2002 American Foreign Service Association - Positions 80%
2001-2002 American Muslims for Jerusalem - Positions on International Middle East Policy Advocacy -6
2001-2002 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 0%
2001 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 15%
2001 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 30%
2001 Peace Action - Positions 14%
2000 Council for a Livable World - Positions 0%
2000 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 0%
2000 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 17%
2000 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 75%
2000 Peace Action - Positions 11%
1999-2000 PeacePAC - Positions 0%
1999 Council for a Livable World - Positions 0%
1999 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 33%
1999 National Journal - Conservative on Defense/Foreign Policy Score 67%
1999 Peace Action - Positions 23%
1998-2002 Center for Security Policy - Positions 70%
1998 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 27%
1998 National Journal - Liberal on Defense/Foreign Policy Score 51%
1998 National Journal - Conservative on Defense/Foreign Policy Score 36%
1998 Peace Action - Positions 8%
1997-1998 Council for a Livable World - Positions 20%
1997 Center for Security Policy - Positions 93%
1997 Council for a Livable World - Positions 17%
1997 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 21%
1997 Peace Action - Positions 8%
1996 Center for Security Policy - Positions 92%
1996 Council for a Livable World - Positions 9%
1996 National Journal - Conservative on Defense/Foreign Policy Score 74%
1996 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign\Defense Policy 0%
1996 Peace Action - Positions 9%
1995-1996 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Peace and Justice Score 8%
1995 Peace Action - Positions 8%
1993-1994 American Security Council Foundation - Positions 56%

Health and Health Care

2003-2004 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 82%
2003 American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists - Positions 0%
2003 American Public Health Association - Positions 12%
2002 American Public Health Association - Positions 50%
2002 Pennsylvania State Nurses Association - Positions 50%
2001-2002 National Association of Social Workers - Positions 0%
2001-2002 National Breast Cancer Coalition - Positions 25%
2001-2002 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 100%
2001 AIDS United - Positions 71%
2001 American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists - Positions 0%
2001 American Medical Association - Positions 0%
2001 American Public Health Association - Positions 0%
2001 National Breast Cancer Coalition - Positions 0%
2001 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions 38%
2001 The Leukemia & Lymphoma Society - Positions 50%
2000 American Public Health Association - Positions 14%
1999-2002 National Family Planning & Reproductive Health Association - Positions 50%
1999-2000 National Association of Social Workers - Positions 20%
1999 American Medical Association - Positions 0%
1999 American Public Health Association - Positions 0%
1999 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 63%
1999 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions 29%
1998 American Public Health Association - Positions 17%
1997-1998 AIDS United - Positions 25%
1997-1998 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 73%
1997 American Public Health Association - Positions 33%
1997 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 67%
1996-2003 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions 56%
1996 National Association of Social Workers - Positions 29%
1996 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 33%
1995-1998 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions 33%
1995-1996 AIDS United - Positions 50%
1995-1996 Smokefree Action - Positions 33%
1995 American Public Health Association - Positions 21%
1993-1996 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions 91%
1991 National Association of Social Workers - Positions 80%

Impartial/Nonpartisan

2001 Common Cause - Positions 0%

Labor Unions

2003 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 23%
2003 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 36%
2003 Communications Workers of America - Positions 29%
2003 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 50%
2003 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 14%
2003 International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers - Positions 18%
2003 Transportation Communications Union - Positions 43%
2003 United Auto Workers - Positions on Workplace Rights 33%
2002 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 25%
2002 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 38%
2002 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 38%
2002 Communications Workers of America - Positions 14%
2002 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 100%
2002 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 75%
2002 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 40%
2002 Transportation Communications Union - Positions 22%
2002 United Auto Workers - Positions 42%
2001-2002 American Postal Workers Union - Positions 33%
2001-2002 International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers - Positions 45%
2001-2002 National Farmers Union - Positions 60%
2001 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 21%
2001 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 40%
2001 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 0%
2001 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 50%
2001 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 50%
2001 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 20%
2001 Transportation Communications Union - Positions 27%
2001 United Auto Workers - Positions 15%
2001 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 25%
2000 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 18%
2000 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 14%
2000 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 16%
2000 Communications Workers of America - Positions 20%
2000 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 100%
2000 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 0%
2000 United Auto Workers - Positions 8%
1999-2000 National Farmers Union - Positions 58%
1999 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 36%
1999 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 0%
1999 Communications Workers of America - Positions 13%
1999 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 25%
1999 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 29%
1999 Transportation Communications Union - Positions 9%
1999 United Auto Workers - Positions 15%
1998 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 50%
1998 Communications Workers of America - Positions 43%
1998 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 67%
1998 National Farmers Union - Positions 40%
1998 Transportation Communications Union - Positions 40%
1998 United Auto Workers - Positions 50%
1997-1998 International Brotherhood of Teamsters - Positions 50%
1997 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 25%
1997 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 29%
1997 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 11%
1997 Communications Workers of America - Positions 29%
1997 National Farmers Union - Positions 57%
1997 United Auto Workers - Positions 10%
1997 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 25%
1996 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 47%
1996 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 50%
1996 Communications Workers of America - Positions on Workplace Rights 33%
1996 National Farmers Union - Positions 29%
1996 United Auto Workers - Positions on Workplace Rights 38%
1996 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 100%
1995 International Brotherhood of Teamsters - Positions 25%
1995 National Farmers Union - Positions 11%
1995 Transportation Communications Union - Positions 40%
1995 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions on Workplace Rights 19%
1994 National Farmers Union - Family Farm Advocacy Score 78%
1994 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 90%
1993 National Farmers Union - Positions 78%
1993 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions on Workplace Rights 86%
1991 American Postal Workers Union - Positions 100%
1989-1990 National Federation of Federal Employees - Positions 77%
1989 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 58%

Religion

2003-2004 ACT! for America - Positions 50%
2003 Center for Reclaiming America - Positions 100%
2003 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 83%
2003 Concerned Women for America - Positions 78%
2003 Family Research Council - Positions 71%
2003 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 20%
2002 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 33%
2002 The John Birch Society - Positions 56%
2001-2002 American Muslims for Jerusalem - Positions on International Middle East Policy Advocacy -6
2001-2002 Bread for the World - Positions 100%
2001-2002 Concerned Women for America - Positions 100%
2001-2002 Family Research Council - Positions 100%
2001 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 100%
2001 The John Birch Society - Positions 85%
2000 Bread for the World - Positions 0%
2000 Concerned Women for America - Positions 86%
2000 Family Research Council - Positions 100%
2000 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 27%
2000 The John Birch Society - Positions 68%
1999-2000 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 77%
1999 Bread for the World - Positions 25%
1999 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 18%
1999 The John Birch Society - Positions 60%
1998 Bread for the World - Positions 33%
1998 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 27%
1998 The John Birch Society - Positions 50%
1997-1998 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 82%
1997-1998 Concerned Women for America - Positions 75%
1997 Bread for the World - Positions 0%
1997 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 71%
1997 The John Birch Society - Positions 53%
1996 Bread for the World - Positions on Addressing World Hunger 29%
1996 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 33%
1995-1996 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 75%
1995-1996 Concerned Women for America - Positions 50%
1995-1996 The John Birch Society - Positions 43%
1991-1992 Christian Voice - Positions 30%

Senior Citizens

2003 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 0%
2002 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 30%
2002 National Active and Retired Federal Employees Association - Positions 0%
2002 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 40%
2001-2002 National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare - Positions 29%
2001 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 0%
2001 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 20%
2000 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 0%
2000 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 0%
1999-2000 National Active and Retired Federal Employees Association - Positions 0%
1999-2000 National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare - Positions 25%
1999-2000 United Seniors Association - Positions 100%
1999 National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare - Positions 25%
1999 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 0%
1999 United Seniors Association - Positions 100%
1998 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 30%
1997-1998 60 Plus Association - Positions 70%
1997-1998 National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare - Positions 8%
1997 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 10%
1996 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 33%
1995-1996 60 Plus Association - Positions 83%
1995-1996 National Active and Retired Federal Employees Association - Positions 50%
1995-1996 National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare - Positions 15%

Socially Conservative

2003-2004 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 82%
2003-2004 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 82%
2003 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 92%
2003 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 92%
2003 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 83%
2003 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 83%
2003 Concerned Women for America - Positions 78%
2003 Concerned Women for America - Positions 78%
2003 Eagle Forum - Positions 80%
2003 Eagle Forum - Positions 80%
2003 Family Research Council - Positions 71%
2003 Family Research Council - Positions 71%
2003 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 54%
2003 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 54%
2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 90
2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 90
2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 90
2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 90
2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 90
2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 90
2002 Eagle Forum - Positions 80%
2002 Eagle Forum - Positions 80%
2002 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 62%
2002 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 62%
2002 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 75
2002 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 75
2002 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 75
2002 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 75
2002 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 75
2002 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 75
2002 The John Birch Society - Positions 56%
2002 The John Birch Society - Positions 56%
2001-2002 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 100%
2001-2002 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 100%
2001-2002 Concerned Women for America - Positions 100%
2001-2002 Concerned Women for America - Positions 100%
2001-2002 Family Research Council - Positions 100%
2001-2002 Family Research Council - Positions 100%
2001-2002 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 100%
2001-2002 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 100%
2001 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 100%
2001 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 100%
2001 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 84%
2001 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 84%
2001 The John Birch Society - Positions 85%
2001 The John Birch Society - Positions 85%
2000 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 5%
2000 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 5%
2000 Concerned Women for America - Positions 86%
2000 Concerned Women for America - Positions 86%
2000 Family Research Council - Positions 100%
2000 Family Research Council - Positions 100%
2000 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 0%
2000 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 0%
2000 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 66%
2000 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 66%
2000 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 72%
2000 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 72%
2000 The John Birch Society - Positions 68%
2000 The John Birch Society - Positions 68%
1999-2000 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 77%
1999-2000 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 77%
1999-2000 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 66%
1999-2000 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 66%
1999 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 70%
1999 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 70%
1999 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 64%
1999 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 64%
1999 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 63%
1999 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 63%
1999 The John Birch Society - Positions 60%
1999 The John Birch Society - Positions 60%
1998 The John Birch Society - Positions 50%
1998 The John Birch Society - Positions 50%
1997-1998 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 82%
1997-1998 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 82%
1997-1998 Concerned Women for America - Positions 75%
1997-1998 Concerned Women for America - Positions 75%
1997-1998 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 73%
1997-1998 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 73%
1997 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 71%
1997 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 71%
1997 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 40%
1997 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 40%
1997 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 67%
1997 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 67%
1997 The John Birch Society - Positions 53%
1997 The John Birch Society - Positions 53%
1996 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 48%
1996 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 48%
1996 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 33%
1996 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 33%
1995-1996 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 75%
1995-1996 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 75%
1995-1996 Concerned Women for America - Positions 50%
1995-1996 Concerned Women for America - Positions 50%
1995-1996 The John Birch Society - Positions 43%
1995-1996 The John Birch Society - Positions 43%
1995 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 40%
1995 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 40%
1993 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 50%
1993 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 50%
1991-1992 Christian Voice - Positions 30%
1991-1992 Christian Voice - Positions 30%

Socially Liberal

2003 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 30%
2003 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 30%
2003 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 21%
2003 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 21%
2003 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 10%
2003 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 10%
2003 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 45%
2003 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 45%
2003 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 20%
2003 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 20%
2002 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 30%
2002 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 30%
2002 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 0%
2002 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 0%
2002 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 33%
2002 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 33%
2001-2002 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 15%
2001-2002 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 15%
2001-2002 People for the American Way - Positions 8%
2001-2002 People for the American Way - Positions 8%
2001 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 15%
2001 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 15%
2001 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 0%
2001 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 0%
2001 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 9%
2001 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 9%
2001 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 33%
2001 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 33%
2000 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 55%
2000 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 55%
2000 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 33%
2000 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 33%
2000 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 27%
2000 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 27%
1999 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 15%
1999 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 15%
1999 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 41%
1999 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 41%
1999 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 34%
1999 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 34%
1999 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 18%
1999 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 18%
1998 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 25%
1998 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 25%
1998 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 31%
1998 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 31%
1998 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 27%
1998 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 27%
1997-1998 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 15%
1997-1998 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 15%
1997 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 25%
1997 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 25%
1997 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 51%
1997 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 51%
1996 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 45%
1996 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 45%
1996 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 57%
1996 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 57%
1996 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 51%
1996 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 51%
1996 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 33%
1996 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 33%
1995-1996 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 25%
1995-1996 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 25%

Taxes

2003-2004 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 90%
2003 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 95%
2003 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 68%
2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 90
2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 90
2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 90
2002 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 90%
2002 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 52%
2002 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 75
2002 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 75
2002 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 75
2001-2002 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 91%
2001 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 85%
2001 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 79%
2001 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 84%
2000 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 85%
2000 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 72%
1999-2000 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 94%
1999 American Farm Bureau Federation - Positions 100%
1999 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 90%
1999 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 72%
1998 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 85%
1998 National Taxpayers Union - Spending Score 54%
1997-1998 60 Plus Association - Positions 70%
1997-1998 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 71%
1997 National Taxpayers Union - Spending Score 72%
1995-1996 60 Plus Association - Positions 83%
1995-1996 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 100%
1995 National Taxpayers Union - Spending Score 81%
1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Taxes Score 100%

Women

2003 American Association of University Women - Positions 60%
2003 American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists - Positions 0%
2003 Business and Professional Women USA - Positions 60%
2003 Concerned Women for America - Positions 78%
2003 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 21%
2001-2002 American Association of University Women - Positions 0%
2001-2002 Business and Professional Women USA - Positions 11%
2001-2002 Concerned Women for America - Positions 100%
2001-2002 Women's Action for New Directions (WAND) and-WILL - Positions 16%
2001 American Association of University Women - Positions 0%
2001 American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists - Positions 0%
2001 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 0%
2000 Concerned Women for America - Positions 86%
2000 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 55%
1999-2000 American Association of University Women - Positions 0%
1999 American Association of University Women - Positions 0%
1999 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 41%
1998 National Organization for Women - Positions 30%
1997-1998 American Association of University Women - Positions 17%
1997-1998 Concerned Women for America - Positions 75%
1997 American Association of University Women - Positions 20%
1997 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 51%
1996 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 57%
1995-1996 American Association of University Women - Positions 57%
1995-1996 Concerned Women for America - Positions 50%
1995 The Woman Activist - Positions 100%
1989-1990 National Women's Political Caucus - Positions 75%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Project Vote Smart displays all known interest group ratings for each candidate and official, regardless of issue or bias.

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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