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Joseph 'Joe' R. Skeen's Ratings and Endorsements

Business and Consumers

2002 National Stone, Sand & Gravel Association - Positions 100%
2002 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 5%
2001-2002 National Association for the Self-Employed - Positions 71%
2001 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 100%
2001 National Stone, Sand & Gravel Association - Positions 100%
2001 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 100%
2001 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 100%
2001 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 10%
2000 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 100%
2000 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 92%
2000 Consumer Federation of America - Positions 44%
2000 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 93%
2000 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 90%
1999-2000 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 100%
1999-2000 Public Citizen's Congress Watch - Positions 13%
1999-2000 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 10%
1999 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 100%
1999 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 84%
1999 Consumer Federation of America - Positions 0%
1999 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 88%
1999 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 5%
1998 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 100%
1998 Consumer Federation of America - Positions 20%
1998 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 95%
1998 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 100%
1997-1998 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 100%
1997-1998 Public Citizen's Congress Watch - Positions 0%
1997-1998 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 5%
1997 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 100%
1997 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 96%
1997 Consumer Federation of America - Positions 50%
1997 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 100%
1997 Public Citizen's Congress Watch - Positions 0%
1997 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 100%
1996 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 97%
1996 Consumer Federation of America - Positions 15%
1996 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 100%
1995-1996 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 93%
1995-1996 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 97%
1995-1996 Public Citizen's Congress Watch - Positions 3%
1995-1996 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 5%
1995 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 92%

Civil Liberties and Civil Rights

2001 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 11%
2001 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 0%
2001 League of United Latin American Citizens - Positions 9%
2001 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - Positions 21%
2000 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 36%
2000 League of United Latin American Citizens - Positions 20%
2000 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - Positions 27%
1999-2000 Common Cause - Lifetime Score 0%
1999-2000 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 0%
1999-2000 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Positions 19%
1999 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 38%
1999 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 0%
1999 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - Positions 27%
1998 National Organization for Women - Positions 5%
1997-1998 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 13%
1997-1998 Campaign for a Color Blind America - Positions 25%
1997-1998 Home School Legal Defense Association - Positions 60%
1997-1998 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 0%
1997-1998 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Positions 28%
1997-1998 League of United Latin American Citizens - Positions 33%
1997 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 17%
1996 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 12%
1995-1996 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 000%
1995-1996 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Positions 15%
1995-1996 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - Positions 18%
1991-1992 National Gay & Lesbian Task Force - Positions 31%

Conservative

2002 Eagle Forum - Positions 60%
2001 American Conservative Union - Positions 96%
2001 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 87%
2001 The John Birch Society - Positions 60%
2000 American Conservative Union - Positions 84%
2000 Concerned Women for America - Positions 86%
2000 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 78%
2000 The John Birch Society - Positions 56%
1999 American Conservative Union - Positions 83%
1999 National Journal - Conservative on Defense/Foreign Policy Score 62%
1999 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy Score 78%
1999 The John Birch Society - Positions 52%
1998 American Conservative Union - Positions 84%
1998 National Journal - Conservative on Defense/Foreign Policy Score 58%
1998 The John Birch Society - Positions 40%
1997-1998 60 Plus Association - Positions 100%
1997-1998 Concerned Women for America - Positions 75%
1997 American Conservative Union - Positions 76%
1997 The John Birch Society - Positions 35%
1996 American Conservative Union - Positions 90%
1996 National Journal - Conservative on Defense/Foreign Policy Score 72%
1995-1996 60 Plus Association - Positions 100%
1995-1996 Concerned Women for America - Positions 75%
1995-1996 The John Birch Society - Positions 49%
1995 American Conservative Union - Positions 76%
1995 American Conservative Union - Lifetime Score 82%
1994 American Conservative Union - Positions 95%
1993 American Conservative Union - Positions 87%

Federal, State and Local Relations

2000 National Association of Counties - Positions 57%

Fiscally Conservative

2001 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 90%
2001 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy Score 82%
2001 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 60%
2000 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 75%
2000 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 33%
2000 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy Score 76%
2000 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 60%
1999-2000 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 61%
1999-2000 The Cato Institute - Trade Subsidy Votes Score 20%
1999-2000 The Cato Institute - Trade Barrier Votes Score 67%
1999 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 70%
1999 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 70%
1999 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 53%
1998 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 80%
1998 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy Score 61%
1998 National Taxpayers Union - Spending Score 44%
1997-1998 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 92%
1997-1998 The Cato Institute - Trade Subsidy Votes Score 33%
1997 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 30%
1997 National Taxpayers Union - Spending Score 45%
1996 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy Score 61%
1995-1996 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 98%
1995 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 50%
1995 National Taxpayers Union - Spending Score 80%
1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Deregulation Score 86%
1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Trade Score 50%
1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Spending Score 35%
1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Positions on Agriculture 0%
1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Budget Score 65%
1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Total Score 59%
1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Taxes Score 100%
1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Environment Score 92%
1993 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 50%

Impartial/Nonpartisan

1999-2000 Common Cause - Lifetime Score 0%

Labor Unions

2001 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 0%
2001 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 8%
2001 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 11%
2001 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 40%
2001 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 25%
2001 Transportation Communications Union - Positions 43%
2001 United Auto Workers - Positions 8%
2001 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 0%
2000 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 9%
2000 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 0%
2000 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 0%
2000 Communications Workers of America - Positions 0%
2000 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 20%
2000 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 0%
2000 United Auto Workers - Positions 0%
1999-2000 National Farmers Union - Positions 58%
1999 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 10%
1999 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 0%
1999 Communications Workers of America - Positions 0%
1999 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 50%
1999 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 20%
1999 Transportation Communications Union - Positions 14%
1999 United Auto Workers - Positions 15%
1998 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 7%
1998 Communications Workers of America - Positions 0%
1998 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 0%
1998 National Farmers Union - Positions 67%
1998 Transportation Communications Union - Positions 20%
1998 United Auto Workers - Positions 17%
1997-1998 International Brotherhood of Teamsters - Positions 13%
1997 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 29%
1997 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 13%
1997 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 13%
1997 Communications Workers of America - Positions 0%
1997 National Farmers Union - Positions 71%
1997 United Auto Workers - Positions 7%
1997 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 23%
1996 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 5%
1996 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 0%
1996 Communications Workers of America - Positions on Workplace Rights 44%
1996 National Farmers Union - Positions 60%
1996 United Auto Workers - Positions on Workplace Rights 0%
1996 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 0%
1995 International Brotherhood of Teamsters - Positions 0%
1995 National Farmers Union - Positions 30%
1995 Transportation Communications Union - Positions 20%
1995 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions on Workplace Rights 0%
1994 National Farmers Union - Family Farm Advocacy Score 67%
1994 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 13%
1993 National Farmers Union - Positions 67%
1993 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions on Workplace Rights 25%
1991 American Postal Workers Union - Positions 29%
1989-1990 National Federation of Federal Employees - Positions 43%
1989 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 0%

Socially Conservative

2002 Eagle Forum - Positions 60%
2002 Eagle Forum - Positions 60%
2001 Family Research Council - Positions on Conservative Issues 90%
2001 Family Research Council - Positions on Conservative Issues 90%
2001 The John Birch Society - Positions 60%
2001 The John Birch Society - Positions 60%
2000 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 0%
2000 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 0%
2000 Concerned Women for America - Positions 86%
2000 Concerned Women for America - Positions 86%
2000 Family Research Council - Positions 100%
2000 Family Research Council - Positions 100%
2000 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 33%
2000 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 33%
2000 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 74%
2000 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 74%
2000 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 60%
2000 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 60%
2000 The John Birch Society - Positions 56%
2000 The John Birch Society - Positions 56%
1999-2000 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 80%
1999-2000 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 80%
1999-2000 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 100%
1999-2000 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 100%
1999 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 70%
1999 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 70%
1999 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 69%
1999 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 69%
1999 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 100%
1999 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 100%
1999 The John Birch Society - Positions 52%
1999 The John Birch Society - Positions 52%
1998 The John Birch Society - Positions 40%
1998 The John Birch Society - Positions 40%
1997-1998 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 93%
1997-1998 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 93%
1997-1998 Concerned Women for America - Positions 75%
1997-1998 Concerned Women for America - Positions 75%
1997-1998 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 95%
1997-1998 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 95%
1997 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 78%
1997 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 78%
1997 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 30%
1997 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 30%
1997 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 92%
1997 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 92%
1997 The John Birch Society - Positions 35%
1997 The John Birch Society - Positions 35%
1996 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 65%
1996 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 65%
1996 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 100%
1996 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 100%
1995-1996 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 86%
1995-1996 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 86%
1995-1996 Concerned Women for America - Positions 75%
1995-1996 Concerned Women for America - Positions 75%
1995-1996 The John Birch Society - Positions 49%
1995-1996 The John Birch Society - Positions 49%
1995 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 50%
1995 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 50%
1993 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 50%
1993 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 50%
1991-1992 Christian Voice - Positions 71%
1991-1992 Christian Voice - Positions 71%

Socially Liberal

2001-2002 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 5%
2001-2002 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 5%
2001 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 0%
2001 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 0%
2001 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 0%
2001 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 0%
2001 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 3%
2001 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 3%
2001 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 20%
2001 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 20%
2000 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 0%
2000 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 0%
2000 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 23%
2000 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 23%
2000 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 8%
2000 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 8%
1999 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 10%
1999 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 10%
1999 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 21%
1999 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 21%
1999 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 29%
1999 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 29%
1999 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 27%
1999 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 27%
1998 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 10%
1998 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 10%
1998 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 41%
1998 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 41%
1998 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 27%
1998 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 27%
1997-1998 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 10%
1997-1998 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 10%
1997 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 0%
1997 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 0%
1997 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 15%
1997 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 15%
1996 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 5%
1996 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 5%
1996 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 0%
1996 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 0%
1996 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 33%
1996 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 33%
1996 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 13%
1996 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 13%
1995-1996 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 5%
1995-1996 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 5%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Project Vote Smart displays all known interest group ratings for each candidate and official, regardless of issue or bias.

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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