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Marge S. Roukema's Ratings and Endorsements

Business and Consumers

2002 National Stone, Sand & Gravel Association - Positions 67%
2002 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 50%
2001-2002 National Association for the Self-Employed - Positions 71%
2001 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 100%
2001 National Stone, Sand & Gravel Association - Positions 100%
2001 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 82%
2001 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 90%
2001 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 70%
2000 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 86%
2000 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 60%
2000 Consumer Federation of America - Positions 56%
2000 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 93%
2000 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 76%
1999-2000 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 84%
1999-2000 Public Citizen's Congress Watch - Positions 33%
1999-2000 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 50%
1999 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 75%
1999 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 64%
1999 Consumer Federation of America - Positions 25%
1999 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 72%
1999 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 84%
1998 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 73%
1998 Consumer Federation of America - Positions 70%
1998 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 70%
1998 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 78%
1997-1998 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 70%
1997-1998 Public Citizen's Congress Watch - Positions 42%
1997-1998 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 84%
1997 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 60%
1997 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 53%
1997 Consumer Federation of America - Positions 50%
1997 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 80%
1997 Public Citizen's Congress Watch - Positions 36%
1997 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 80%
1996 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 70%
1996 Consumer Federation of America - Positions 62%
1996 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 56%
1995-1996 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 79%
1995-1996 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 59%
1995-1996 Public Citizen's Congress Watch - Positions 46%
1995-1996 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 53%
1995 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 83%

Civil Liberties and Civil Rights

2001 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 33%
2001 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 0%
2001 League of United Latin American Citizens - Positions 18%
2001 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - Positions 29%
2000 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 14%
2000 League of United Latin American Citizens - Positions 30%
2000 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - Positions 47%
1999-2000 Common Cause - Lifetime Score 0%
1999-2000 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 10%
1999-2000 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Positions 19%
1999 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 15%
1999 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 10%
1999 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - Positions 45%
1998 National Organization for Women - Positions 35%
1997-1998 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 19%
1997-1998 Campaign for a Color Blind America - Positions 75%
1997-1998 Home School Legal Defense Association - Positions 80%
1997-1998 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 12%
1997-1998 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Positions 24%
1997-1998 League of United Latin American Citizens - Positions 21%
1997 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 33%
1996 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 38%
1995-1996 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 11%
1995-1996 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Positions 35%
1995-1996 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - Positions 36%
1991-1992 National Gay & Lesbian Task Force - Positions 15%

Conservative

2002 Eagle Forum - Positions 63%
2001 American Conservative Union - Positions 50%
2001 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 72%
2001 The John Birch Society - Positions 50%
2000 American Conservative Union - Positions 68%
2000 Concerned Women for America - Positions 57%
2000 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 69%
2000 The John Birch Society - Positions 40%
1999 American Conservative Union - Positions 60%
1999 National Journal - Conservative on Defense/Foreign Policy Score 65%
1999 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy Score 54%
1999 The John Birch Society - Positions 42%
1998 American Conservative Union - Positions 60%
1998 National Journal - Conservative on Defense/Foreign Policy Score 45%
1998 The John Birch Society - Positions 25%
1997-1998 60 Plus Association - Positions 40%
1997-1998 Concerned Women for America - Positions 50%
1997 American Conservative Union - Positions 42%
1997 The John Birch Society - Positions 33%
1996 American Conservative Union - Positions 53%
1996 National Journal - Conservative on Defense/Foreign Policy Score 33%
1995-1996 60 Plus Association - Positions 74%
1995-1996 Concerned Women for America - Positions 0%
1995-1996 The John Birch Society - Positions 40%
1995 American Conservative Union - Positions 36%
1995 American Conservative Union - Lifetime Score 50%
1994 American Conservative Union - Positions 50%
1993 American Conservative Union - Positions 54%

Federal, State and Local Relations

2000 National Association of Counties - Positions 57%

Fiscally Conservative

2001 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 80%
2001 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy Score 53%
2001 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 57%
2000 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 95%
2000 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 33%
2000 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy Score 57%
2000 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 59%
1999-2000 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 76%
1999-2000 The Cato Institute - Trade Barrier Votes Score 67%
1999-2000 The Cato Institute - Trade Subsidy Votes Score 20%
1999 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 75%
1999 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 40%
1999 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 54%
1998 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 55%
1998 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy Score 51%
1998 National Taxpayers Union - Spending Score 52%
1997-1998 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 50%
1997-1998 The Cato Institute - Trade Subsidy Votes Score 44%
1997 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 20%
1997 National Taxpayers Union - Spending Score 55%
1996 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy Score 46%
1995-1996 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 65%
1995 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 60%
1995 National Taxpayers Union - Spending Score 82%
1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Spending Score 49%
1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Taxes Score 0%
1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Total Score 51%
1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Trade Score 100%
1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Deregulation Score 57%
1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Positions on Agriculture 100%
1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Budget Score 69%
1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Environment Score 22%
1993 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 40%

Foreign Affairs

2001 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 29%
2001 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 27%
2001 Peace Action - Positions 13%
2001 Washington Report on Middle East Affairs (WRMEA) - Positions 0%
2000 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 18%
2000 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 25%
2000 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 69%
2000 Peace Action - Positions 0%
1999-2000 PeacePAC - Positions 43%
1999 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 43%
1999 National Journal - Conservative on Defense/Foreign Policy Score 65%
1999 Peace Action - Positions 27%
1998 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 33%
1998 National Journal - Liberal on Defense/Foreign Policy Score 53%
1998 National Journal - Conservative on Defense/Foreign Policy Score 45%
1998 Peace Action - Positions 50%
1997-1998 PeacePAC - Positions 50%
1997 Center for Security Policy - Positions 55%
1997 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 67%
1997 Peace Action - Positions 67%
1996 Center for Security Policy - Positions 50%
1996 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign\Defense Policy 67%
1996 National Journal - Conservative on Defense/Foreign Policy Score 33%
1996 Peace Action - Positions 60%
1996 PeacePAC - Positions 70%
1995-1996 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Peace and Justice Score 47%
1995 Peace Action - Positions 67%
1993-1994 American Security Council Foundation - Positions 40%

Impartial/Nonpartisan

1999-2000 Common Cause - Lifetime Score 0%

Labor Unions

2001 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 29%
2001 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 36%
2001 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 44%
2001 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 50%
2001 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 33%
2001 Transportation Communications Union - Positions 71%
2001 United Auto Workers - Positions 33%
2001 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 0%
2000 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 9%
2000 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 0%
2000 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 0%
2000 Communications Workers of America - Positions 13%
2000 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 0%
2000 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 14%
2000 United Auto Workers - Positions 7%
1999-2000 National Farmers Union - Positions 67%
1999 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 30%
1999 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 33%
1999 Communications Workers of America - Positions 33%
1999 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 50%
1999 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 20%
1999 Transportation Communications Union - Positions 29%
1999 United Auto Workers - Positions 15%
1999 United Electrical Radio and Machine Workers - Positions 0%
1998 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 33%
1998 Communications Workers of America - Positions 14%
1998 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 17%
1998 National Farmers Union - Positions 44%
1998 Transportation Communications Union - Positions 20%
1998 United Auto Workers - Positions 17%
1997-1998 International Brotherhood of Teamsters - Positions 38%
1997 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 57%
1997 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 50%
1997 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 43%
1997 Communications Workers of America - Positions 38%
1997 National Farmers Union - Positions 57%
1997 United Auto Workers - Positions 46%
1997 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 46%
1996 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 37%
1996 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 42%
1996 Communications Workers of America - Positions on Workplace Rights 56%
1996 National Farmers Union - Positions 33%
1996 United Auto Workers - Positions on Workplace Rights 47%
1996 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 62%
1995 International Brotherhood of Teamsters - Positions 25%
1995 National Farmers Union - Positions 60%
1995 Transportation Communications Union - Positions 40%
1995 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions on Workplace Rights 5%
1994 National Farmers Union - Family Farm Advocacy Score 67%
1994 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 0%
1993 National Farmers Union - Positions 67%
1993 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions on Workplace Rights 13%
1991 American Postal Workers Union - Positions 67%
1989-1990 National Federation of Federal Employees - Positions 44%
1989 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 33%

Socially Conservative

2002 Eagle Forum - Positions 63%
2002 Eagle Forum - Positions 63%
2001 Family Research Council - Positions on Conservative Issues 60%
2001 Family Research Council - Positions on Conservative Issues 60%
2001 The John Birch Society - Positions 50%
2001 The John Birch Society - Positions 50%
2000 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 15%
2000 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 15%
2000 Concerned Women for America - Positions 57%
2000 Concerned Women for America - Positions 57%
2000 Family Research Council - Positions 100%
2000 Family Research Council - Positions 100%
2000 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 33%
2000 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 33%
2000 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 42%
2000 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 42%
2000 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 59%
2000 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 59%
2000 The John Birch Society - Positions 40%
2000 The John Birch Society - Positions 40%
1999-2000 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 67%
1999-2000 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 67%
1999-2000 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 35%
1999-2000 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 35%
1999 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 40%
1999 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 40%
1999 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 48%
1999 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 48%
1999 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 38%
1999 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 38%
1999 The John Birch Society - Positions 42%
1999 The John Birch Society - Positions 42%
1998 The John Birch Society - Positions 25%
1998 The John Birch Society - Positions 25%
1997-1998 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 53%
1997-1998 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 53%
1997-1998 Concerned Women for America - Positions 50%
1997-1998 Concerned Women for America - Positions 50%
1997-1998 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 30%
1997-1998 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 30%
1997 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 33%
1997 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 33%
1997 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 20%
1997 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 20%
1997 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 25%
1997 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 25%
1997 The John Birch Society - Positions 33%
1997 The John Birch Society - Positions 33%
1996 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 42%
1996 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 42%
1996 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 38%
1996 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 38%
1995-1996 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 46%
1995-1996 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 46%
1995-1996 Concerned Women for America - Positions 0%
1995-1996 Concerned Women for America - Positions 0%
1995-1996 The John Birch Society - Positions 40%
1995-1996 The John Birch Society - Positions 40%
1995 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 60%
1995 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 60%
1993 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 40%
1993 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 40%
1991-1992 Christian Voice - Positions 69%
1991-1992 Christian Voice - Positions 69%

Socially Liberal

2001-2002 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 15%
2001-2002 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 15%
2001 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 30%
2001 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 30%
2001 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100%
2001 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100%
2001 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 12%
2001 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 12%
2001 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 56%
2001 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 56%
2000 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 66%
2000 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 66%
2000 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 57%
2000 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 57%
2000 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 8%
2000 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 8%
1999 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 45%
1999 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 45%
1999 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 76%
1999 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 76%
1999 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 52%
1999 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 52%
1999 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 36%
1999 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 36%
1998 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 20%
1998 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 20%
1998 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 45%
1998 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 45%
1998 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 40%
1998 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 40%
1997-1998 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 25%
1997-1998 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 25%
1997 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 50%
1997 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 50%
1997 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 59%
1997 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 59%
1996 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 50%
1996 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 50%
1996 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 65%
1996 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 65%
1996 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 57%
1996 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 57%
1996 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 67%
1996 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 67%
1995-1996 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 25%
1995-1996 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 25%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Project Vote Smart displays all known interest group ratings for each candidate and official, regardless of issue or bias.

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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