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Nick Smith

Nick Smith's Ratings and Endorsements

Full Name: Nick Smith

Budget, Spending and Taxes

2003-2004 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 89%
2003 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 30%
2003 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 100%
2003 Bread for the World - Positions 0%
2003 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 92%
2003 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 78%
2003 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 78%
2003 Population Action International - Positions 0%
2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 85
2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 85
2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 85
2002 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 10%
2002 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 90%
2002 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 88%
2002 Emergency Committee for American Trade - Positions 75%
2002 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 67%
2002 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 67%
2002 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 79
2002 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 79
2002 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 79
2002 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 11%
2002 Taxpayers for Common Sense - Positions 17%
2001-2002 Bread for the World - Positions 33%
2001-2002 Concord Coalition - Positions 92%
2001-2002 FreedomWorks - Positions 75%
2001-2002 National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare - Positions 27%
2001-2002 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 86%
2001 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 0%
2001 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 100%
2001 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 81%
2001 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 69%
2001 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 66%
2001 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 66%
2001 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 80%
2001 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 16%
2001 Taxpayers for Common Sense - Positions 36%
2000 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 85%
2000 Bread for the World - Positions 0%
2000 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 77%
2000 Concord Coalition - Positions 40%
2000 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 11%
2000 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 80%
2000 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 28%
2000 Taxpayers for Common Sense - Positions 50%
1999-2000 National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare - Positions 42%
1999-2000 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 88%
1999-2000 United Seniors Association - Positions 90%
1999 American Farm Bureau Federation - Positions 100%
1999 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 92%
1999 Bread for the World - Positions 0%
1999 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 84%
1999 Concord Coalition - Positions 87%
1999 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 20%
1999 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy Score 84%
1999 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 64%
1999 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 64%
1999 Taxpayers for Common Sense - Positions 48
1999 United Seniors Association - Positions 86%
1998 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 90%
1998 Bread for the World - Positions 100%
1998 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 81%
1998 Concord Coalition - Positions 38%
1998 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 20%
1998 National Taxpayers Union - Spending Score 62%
1998 National Taxpayers Union - Spending Score 62%
1998 Taxpayers for Common Sense - Positions 35%
1997-1998 60 Plus Association - Positions 100%
1997-1998 60 Plus Association - Positions 100%
1997-1998 National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare - Positions 60%
1997-1998 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 89%
1997 Bread for the World - Positions 75%
1997 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 86%
1997 Concord Coalition - Positions 74%
1997 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 40%
1997 National Taxpayers Union - Spending Score 72%
1997 National Taxpayers Union - Spending Score 72%
1997 Taxpayers for Common Sense - Positions 53%
1996 Bread for the World - Positions on Addressing World Hunger 17%
1996 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 86%
1996 Concord Coalition - Positions 65%
1996 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 10%
1995-1996 60 Plus Association - Positions 100%
1995-1996 60 Plus Association - Positions 100%
1995-1996 National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare - Positions 27%
1995-1996 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 98%
1995 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 95%
1995 Concord Coalition - Positions 68%
1995 National Taxpayers Union - Spending Score 90%
1995 National Taxpayers Union - Spending Score 90%
1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Taxes Score 100%
1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Spending Score 91%
1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Budget Score 85%

Business and Consumers

2003-2004 School Nutrition Association - Positions 33%
2003 American Association of University Women - Positions 20%
2003 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 100%
2003 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 91%
2003 National Education Association - Positions 8%
2003 National Education Association - Positions 8%
2003 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 100%
2003 National Retail Federation - Positions 100%
2003 National School Boards Association - Positions 20%
2003 Population Connection - Positions 0%
2003 Public Citizen's Congress Watch - Positions 33%
2003 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 86%
2003 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 5%
2002 National Education Association - Positions 33%
2002 National Education Association - Positions 33%
2002 National Stone, Sand & Gravel Association - Positions 100%
2002 Population Connection - Positions 22%
2002 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 11%
2002 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 85%
2002 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 5%
2001-2002 American Association of University Women - Positions 9%
2001-2002 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 92%
2001-2002 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 95%
2001-2002 National Association for the Self-Employed - Positions 57%
2001-2002 National Association of Manufacturers - Positions 86%
2001-2002 National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare - Positions 27%
2001-2002 National Electrical Contractors Association - Positions 94%
2001-2002 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 100%
2001-2002 Plumbing-Heating-Cooling Contractors-National Association - Positions 100%
2001-2002 Public Citizen's Congress Watch - Positions 23%
2001-2002 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 87%
2001 American Association of University Women - Positions 14%
2001 American Shareholders Association - Positions 100%
2001 National Education Association - Positions 16%
2001 National Education Association - Positions 16%
2001 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 100%
2001 National Stone, Sand & Gravel Association - Positions 100%
2001 Population Connection - Positions 20%
2001 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 16%
2001 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 92%
2001 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 25%
2001 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 87%
2001 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 15%
2000 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 92%
2000 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 88%
2000 Consumer Federation of America - Positions 33%
2000 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 11%
2000 National Education Association - Positions 0%
2000 National Education Association - Positions 0%
2000 Population Connection - Positions 27%
2000 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 28%
2000 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 86%
2000 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 84%
1999-2000 American Association of University Women - Positions 12%
1999-2000 National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare - Positions 42%
1999-2000 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 93%
1999-2000 Public Citizen's Congress Watch - Positions 20%
1999-2000 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 15%
1999 American Association of University Women - Positions 16%
1999 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 90%
1999 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 85%
1999 Consumer Federation of America - Positions 8%
1999 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 20%
1999 National Education Association - Positions 11%
1999 National Education Association - Positions 11%
1999 Population Connection - Positions 22%
1999 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 79%
1999 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 37%
1998 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 91%
1998 Consumer Federation of America - Positions 30%
1998 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 20%
1998 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 80%
1998 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 83%
1997-1998 American Association of University Women - Positions 13%
1997-1998 National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare - Positions 60%
1997-1998 National Education Association - Positions 32%
1997-1998 National Education Association - Positions 32%
1997-1998 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 100%
1997-1998 Population Connection - Positions 0%
1997-1998 Public Citizen's Congress Watch - Positions 42%
1997-1998 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 37%
1997 American Association of University Women - Positions 0%
1997 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 100%
1997 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 89%
1997 Consumer Federation of America - Positions 50%
1997 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 40%
1997 National Education Association - Positions 43%
1997 National Education Association - Positions 43%
1997 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 100%
1997 Population Connection - Positions 0%
1997 Public Citizen's Congress Watch - Positions 55%
1997 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 15%
1997 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 90%
1996 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 100%
1996 Consumer Federation of America - Positions 15%
1996 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 10%
1996 National Education Association - Positions 0%
1996 National Education Association - Positions 0%
1996 Population Connection - Positions 0%
1996 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 93%
1995-1996 American Association of University Women - Positions 0%
1995-1996 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 93%
1995-1996 National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare - Positions 27%
1995-1996 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 97%
1995-1996 Public Citizen's Congress Watch - Positions 19%
1995-1996 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 21%
1995-1996 United States Student Association - Positions 9%
1995 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 92%
1995 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions on Workplace Rights 0%
1994 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 0%
1993 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions on Workplace Rights 0%

Civil Liberties and Civil Rights

2003 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 20%
2003 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Positions 22%
2003 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - Positions 25%
2003 United States Campaign to End the Israeli Occupation - Positions on International Middle East Human Rights 0
2001-2002 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 7%
2001-2002 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 0%
2001-2002 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Positions 8%
2001-2002 League of United Latin American Citizens - Positions 17%
2001-2002 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - Positions 33%
2001-2002 People for the American Way - Positions 0%
2001 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 11%
2001 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 0%
2001 League of United Latin American Citizens - Positions 9%
2001 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - Positions 36%
2000 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 14%
2000 League of United Latin American Citizens - Positions 20%
2000 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - Positions 13%
1999-2000 Common Cause - Lifetime Score 0%
1999-2000 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 10%
1999-2000 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Positions 19%
1999 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 15%
1999 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 9%
1999 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - Positions 18%
1998 National Organization for Women - Positions 15%
1997-1998 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 14%
1997-1998 Campaign for a Color Blind America - Positions 25%
1997-1998 Home School Legal Defense Association - Positions 80%
1997-1998 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 12%
1997-1998 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Positions 28%
1997-1998 League of United Latin American Citizens - Positions 17%
1997 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 0%
1996 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 7%
1995-1996 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 11%
1995-1996 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Positions 15%
1995-1996 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - Positions 18%

Conservative

2004 The John Birch Society - Positions (Spring) 63%
2004 The John Birch Society - Positions (Spring) 63%
2003-2004 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 89%
2003-2004 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 89%
2003 American Conservative Union - Positions 92%
2003 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 100%
2003 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 100%
2003 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 100%
2003 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 90%
2003 Concerned Women for America - Positions 100%
2003 Concerned Women for America - Positions 100%
2003 Eagle Forum - Positions 92%
2003 Eagle Forum - Positions 92%
2003 Family Research Council - Positions 85%
2003 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 84%
2003 National Journal - Composite Conservative Score 68%
2003 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 60%
2003 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy Score 59%
2003 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 78%
2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 85
2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 85
2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 85
2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 85
2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 85
2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 85
2003 The John Birch Society - Positions (Summer) 75%
2003 The John Birch Society - Positions (Summer) 75%
2002 American Conservative Union - Positions 92%
2002 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 90%
2002 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 100%
2002 Eagle Forum - Positions 86%
2002 Eagle Forum - Positions 86%
2002 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 57%
2002 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy Score 58%
2002 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 56%
2002 National Journal - Composite Conservative Score 58%
2002 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 67%
2002 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 79
2002 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 79
2002 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 79
2002 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 79
2002 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 79
2002 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 79
2002 The John Birch Society - Positions 60%
2002 The John Birch Society - Positions 60%
2001-2002 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 92%
2001-2002 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 92%
2001-2002 Concerned Women for America - Positions 90%
2001-2002 Concerned Women for America - Positions 90%
2001-2002 Family Research Council - Positions 90%
2001-2002 FreedomWorks - Positions 75%
2001-2002 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 94%
2001-2002 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 86%
2001-2002 The Cato Institute - Trade Subsidy Votes Score 43%
2001-2002 The Cato Institute - Trade Barrier Votes Score 82%
2001 American Conservative Union - Positions 92%
2001 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 100%
2001 Family Research Council - Positions on Conservative Issues 90%
2001 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 69%
2001 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy Score 58%
2001 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 66%
2001 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 80%
2001 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 80%
2001 The John Birch Society - Positions 60%
2001 The John Birch Society - Positions 60%
2000 American Conservative Union - Positions 91%
2000 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 10%
2000 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 85%
2000 Concerned Women for America - Positions 77%
2000 Concerned Women for America - Positions 77%
2000 Family Research Council - Positions 66%
2000 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 33%
2000 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 33%
2000 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 69%
2000 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 64%
2000 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy Score 66%
2000 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 80%
2000 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 80%
2000 The John Birch Society - Positions 56%
2000 The John Birch Society - Positions 56%
1999-2000 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 73%
1999-2000 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 90%
1999-2000 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 88%
1999-2000 The Cato Institute - Trade Barrier Votes Score 78%
1999-2000 The Cato Institute - Trade Subsidy Votes Score 80%
1999 American Conservative Union - Positions 84%
1999 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 92%
1999 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 40%
1999 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 40%
1999 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 61%
1999 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy Score 84%
1999 National Journal - Conservative on Defense/Foreign Policy Score 66%
1999 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 92%
1999 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 64%
1999 The John Birch Society - Positions 57%
1999 The John Birch Society - Positions 57%
1998 American Conservative Union - Positions 76%
1998 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 90%
1998 National Journal - Conservative on Defense/Foreign Policy Score 83%
1998 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy Score 72%
1998 National Taxpayers Union - Spending Score 62%
1998 The John Birch Society - Positions 40%
1998 The John Birch Society - Positions 40%
1997-1998 60 Plus Association - Positions 100%
1997-1998 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 80%
1997-1998 Concerned Women for America - Positions 50%
1997-1998 Concerned Women for America - Positions 50%
1997-1998 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 89%
1997-1998 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 89%
1997 American Conservative Union - Positions 88%
1997 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 100%
1997 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 60%
1997 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 60%
1997 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 100%
1997 National Taxpayers Union - Spending Score 72%
1997 The John Birch Society - Positions 50%
1997 The John Birch Society - Positions 50%
1996 American Conservative Union - Positions 95%
1996 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 62%
1996 National Journal - Conservative on Defense/Foreign Policy Score 43%
1996 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy Score 82%
1996 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 100%
1995-1996 60 Plus Association - Positions 100%
1995-1996 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 100%
1995-1996 Concerned Women for America - Positions 100%
1995-1996 Concerned Women for America - Positions 100%
1995-1996 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 98%
1995-1996 The John Birch Society - Positions 60%
1995-1996 The John Birch Society - Positions 60%
1995 American Conservative Union - Positions 100%
1995 American Conservative Union - Lifetime Score 95%
1995 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 40%
1995 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 40%
1995 National Taxpayers Union - Spending Score 90%
1994 American Conservative Union - Positions 95%
1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Budget Score 85%
1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Spending Score 91%
1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Positions on Agriculture 100%
1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Environment Score 88%
1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Deregulation Score 100%
1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Trade Score 100%
1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Total Score 88%
1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Taxes Score 100%
1993 American Conservative Union - Positions 88%
1993 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 50%
1993 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 50%

Education

2003-2004 School Nutrition Association - Positions 33%
2003 American Association of University Women - Positions 20%
2003 American Library Association - Positions 100%
2003 National Education Association - Positions 8%
2003 National Education Association - Positions 8%
2003 National School Boards Association - Positions 20%
2003 Population Connection - Positions 0%
2002 American Security Council Foundation - Positions 50%
2002 National Education Association - Positions 33%
2002 National Education Association - Positions 33%
2002 Population Connection - Positions 22%
2001-2002 American Association of University Women - Positions 9%
2001 American Association of University Women - Positions 14%
2001 National Education Association - Positions 16%
2001 National Education Association - Positions 16%
2001 Population Connection - Positions 20%
2000 National Education Association - Positions 0%
2000 National Education Association - Positions 0%
2000 Population Connection - Positions 27%
1999-2000 American Association of University Women - Positions 12%
1999-2000 Home School Legal Defense Association - Positions 80%
1999 American Association of University Women - Positions 16%
1999 National Education Association - Positions 11%
1999 National Education Association - Positions 11%
1999 Population Connection - Positions 22%
1997-1998 American Association of University Women - Positions 13%
1997-1998 Home School Legal Defense Association - Positions 80%
1997-1998 National Education Association - Positions 32%
1997-1998 National Education Association - Positions 32%
1997-1998 Population Connection - Positions 0%
1997 American Association of University Women - Positions 0%
1997 National Education Association - Positions 43%
1997 National Education Association - Positions 43%
1997 Population Connection - Positions 0%
1996 National Education Association - Positions 0%
1996 National Education Association - Positions 0%
1996 Population Connection - Positions 0%
1995-1996 American Association of University Women - Positions 0%
1995-1996 United States Student Association - Positions 9%
1993-1994 American Security Council Foundation - Positions 100%

Foreign Affairs

2003-2004 ACT! for America - Positions 100%
2003 Bread for the World - Positions 0%
2003 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 0%
2003 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 60%
2003 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 38%
2003 Nuclear Age Peace Foundation - Positions 0%
2003 Peace Action - Positions 0%
2003 Population Action International - Positions 0%
2003 United States Campaign to End the Israeli Occupation - Positions on International Middle East Human Rights 0
2002-2003 Citizens for Global Solutions - Positions 0%
2002 American Security Council Foundation - Positions 50%
2002 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 56%
2002 Peace Action - Positions 20%
2001-2002 American Foreign Service Association - Positions 78%
2001-2002 American Muslims for Jerusalem - Positions on International Middle East Policy Advocacy +2
2001-2002 Bread for the World - Positions 33%
2001-2002 Council for a Livable World - Positions 11%
2001-2002 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 17%
2001 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 21%
2001 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 69%
2001 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 29%
2001 Peace Action - Positions 13%
2001 Washington Report on Middle East Affairs (WRMEA) - Positions 100%
2000 Bread for the World - Positions 0%
2000 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 50%
2000 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 25%
2000 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 69%
2000 Peace Action - Positions 30%
1999-2000 PeacePAC - Positions 43%
1999 Bread for the World - Positions 0%
1999 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 36%
1999 National Journal - Conservative on Defense/Foreign Policy Score 66%
1999 Peace Action - Positions 36%
1998-2002 Center for Security Policy - Positions 68%
1998 Bread for the World - Positions 100%
1998 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 14%
1998 National Journal - Conservative on Defense/Foreign Policy Score 83%
1998 National Journal - Liberal on Defense/Foreign Policy Score 7%
1998 Peace Action - Positions 13%
1997-1998 PeacePAC - Positions 38%
1997 Bread for the World - Positions 75%
1997 Center for Security Policy - Positions 70%
1997 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 43%
1997 Peace Action - Positions 42%
1996 Bread for the World - Positions on Addressing World Hunger 17%
1996 Center for Security Policy - Positions 57%
1996 National Journal - Conservative on Defense/Foreign Policy Score 43%
1996 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign\Defense Policy 57%
1996 Peace Action - Positions 20%
1996 PeacePAC - Positions 60%
1995-1996 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Peace and Justice Score 13%
1995 Peace Action - Positions 17%
1993-1994 American Security Council Foundation - Positions 100%

Government Operations

2003-2004 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 89%
2003 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 30%
2003 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 100%
2003 Bread for the World - Positions 0%
2003 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 92%
2003 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 92%
2003 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 78%
2003 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 78%
2003 Population Action International - Positions 0%
2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 85
2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 85
2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 85
2003 State PIRGs Working Together - Positions 5%
2002 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 10%
2002 American Immigration Lawyers Association - Positions 0%
2002 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 90%
2002 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 88%
2002 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 88%
2002 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 67%
2002 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 67%
2002 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 79
2002 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 79
2002 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 79
2002 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 11%
2002 Taxpayers for Common Sense - Positions 17%
2001-2002 American Bar Association - Positions 0%
2001-2002 Bread for the World - Positions 33%
2001-2002 FreedomWorks - Positions 75%
2001-2002 National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare - Positions 27%
2001-2002 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 86%
2001 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 0%
2001 American Immigration Lawyers Association - Positions 50%
2001 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 100%
2001 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 81%
2001 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 81%
2001 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 69%
2001 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 66%
2001 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 66%
2001 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 80%
2001 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 16%
2001 Taxpayers for Common Sense - Positions 36%
2000 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 85%
2000 Bread for the World - Positions 0%
2000 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 77%
2000 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 77%
2000 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 11%
2000 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 80%
2000 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 28%
2000 Taxpayers for Common Sense - Positions 50%
1999-2000 American Bar Association - Positions 25%
1999-2000 Home School Legal Defense Association - Positions 80%
1999-2000 National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare - Positions 42%
1999-2000 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 88%
1999-2000 United Seniors Association - Positions 90%
1999 American Farm Bureau Federation - Positions 100%
1999 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 92%
1999 Bread for the World - Positions 0%
1999 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 84%
1999 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 84%
1999 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 20%
1999 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 64%
1999 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 64%
1999 Taxpayers for Common Sense - Positions 48
1999 United Seniors Association - Positions 86%
1998 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 90%
1998 Bread for the World - Positions 100%
1998 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 81%
1998 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 81%
1998 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 20%
1998 National Taxpayers Union - Spending Score 62%
1998 National Taxpayers Union - Spending Score 62%
1998 Taxpayers for Common Sense - Positions 35%
1997-1998 60 Plus Association - Positions 100%
1997-1998 60 Plus Association - Positions 100%
1997-1998 National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare - Positions 60%
1997-1998 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 89%
1997 Bread for the World - Positions 75%
1997 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 86%
1997 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 86%
1997 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 40%
1997 National Taxpayers Union - Spending Score 72%
1997 National Taxpayers Union - Spending Score 72%
1997 Taxpayers for Common Sense - Positions 53%
1996 Bread for the World - Positions on Addressing World Hunger 17%
1996 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 86%
1996 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 86%
1996 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 10%
1995-1996 60 Plus Association - Positions 100%
1995-1996 60 Plus Association - Positions 100%
1995-1996 National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare - Positions 27%
1995-1996 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 98%
1995 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 95%
1995 Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 95%
1995 National Taxpayers Union - Spending Score 90%
1995 National Taxpayers Union - Spending Score 90%
1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Spending Score 91%
1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Deregulation Score 100%
1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Budget Score 85%
1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Taxes Score 100%

Health and Health Care

2003-2004 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 89%
2003-2004 National Rural Health Association - Positions 0%
2003 American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists - Positions 100%
2003 American Public Health Association - Positions 22%
2002 American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists - Positions 100%
2002 American Public Health Association - Positions 17%
2002 Pennsylvania State Nurses Association - Positions 67%
2002 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 11%
2001-2002 National Association of Social Workers - Positions 25%
2001-2002 National Breast Cancer Coalition - Positions 0%
2001-2002 National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare - Positions 27%
2001-2002 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 94%
2001 AIDS United - Positions 40%
2001 American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists - Positions 25%
2001 American Medical Association - Positions 0%
2001 American Public Health Association - Positions 0%
2001 National Breast Cancer Coalition - Positions 0%
2001 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions 9%
2001 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 16%
2001 The Leukemia & Lymphoma Society - Positions 100%
2001 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 25%
2000 American Medical Association - Positions 100%
2000 American Public Health Association - Positions 14%
2000 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 11%
2000 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 28%
1999-2002 National Family Planning & Reproductive Health Association - Positions 14%
1999-2000 National Association of Social Workers - Positions 0%
1999-2000 National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare - Positions 42%
1999 American Medical Association - Positions 66%
1999 American Public Health Association - Positions 0%
1999 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 20%
1999 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 92%
1999 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions 0%
1998 American Public Health Association - Positions 25%
1998 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 20%
1997-1998 AIDS United - Positions 30%
1997-1998 National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare - Positions 60%
1997-1998 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 89%
1997 American Public Health Association - Positions 29%
1997 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 40%
1997 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 100%
1997 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 15%
1996 National Association of Social Workers - Positions 0%
1996 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 10%
1996 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 100%
1995-2003 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions 9%
1995-1998 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions 0%
1995-1996 AIDS United - Positions 13%
1995-1996 National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare - Positions 27%
1995-1996 Smokefree Action - Positions 28%
1995 American Public Health Association - Positions 8%
1995 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions on Workplace Rights 0%
1994 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 0%
1993-1996 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions 2%
1993 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions on Workplace Rights 0%

Impartial/Nonpartisan

1999-2000 Common Cause - Lifetime Score 0%

Labor Unions

2003 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 7%
2003 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 12%
2003 Communications Workers of America - Positions 22%
2003 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 17%
2003 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 38%
2003 International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers - Positions 33%
2003 Transportation Communications Union - Positions 0%
2003 United Auto Workers - Positions on Workplace Rights 20%
2002 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 23%
2002 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 22%
2002 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 13%
2002 Communications Workers of America - Positions 22%
2002 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 0%
2002 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 50%
2002 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 11%
2002 Transportation Communications Union - Positions 0%
2002 United Auto Workers - Positions 17%
2001-2002 American Postal Workers Union - Positions 25%
2001-2002 International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers - Positions 38%
2001-2002 National Farmers Union - Positions 40%
2001 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 7%
2001 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 8%
2001 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 10%
2001 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 11%
2001 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 0%
2001 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 16%
2001 Transportation Communications Union - Positions 14%
2001 United Auto Workers - Positions 15%
2001 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 25%
2000 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 11%
2000 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 10%
2000 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 20%
2000 Communications Workers of America - Positions 13%
2000 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 20%
2000 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 28%
2000 United Auto Workers - Positions 8%
1999-2000 National Farmers Union - Positions 50%
1999 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 0%
1999 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 0%
1999 Communications Workers of America - Positions 0%
1999 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 0%
1999 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 0%
1999 Transportation Communications Union - Positions 0%
1999 United Auto Workers - Positions 8%
1998 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 20%
1998 Communications Workers of America - Positions 29%
1998 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 33%
1998 National Farmers Union - Positions 78%
1998 Transportation Communications Union - Positions 20%
1998 United Auto Workers - Positions 42%
1997-1998 International Brotherhood of Teamsters - Positions 13%
1997 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 14%
1997 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 0%
1997 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 13%
1997 Communications Workers of America - Positions 13%
1997 National Farmers Union - Positions 86%
1997 United Auto Workers - Positions 14%
1997 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 15%
1996 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 0%
1996 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 0%
1996 Communications Workers of America - Positions on Workplace Rights 56%
1996 National Farmers Union - Positions 53%
1996 United Auto Workers - Positions on Workplace Rights 0%
1995 International Brotherhood of Teamsters - Positions 0%
1995 National Farmers Union - Positions 33%
1995 Transportation Communications Union - Positions 0%
1995 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions on Workplace Rights 0%
1994 National Farmers Union - Family Farm Advocacy Score 25%
1994 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 0%
1993 National Farmers Union - Positions 22%
1993 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions on Workplace Rights 0%

Liberal

2003 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 20%
2003 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 20%
2003 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 0%
2003 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 5%
2003 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 5%
2003 National Journal - Liberal on Economic Policy Score 40%
2003 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 38%
2003 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 15%
2003 National Journal - Composite Liberal Score 32%
2003 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 8%
2003 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 8%
2002 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 5%
2002 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 5%
2002 National Journal - Composite Liberal Score 42%
2002 National Journal - Liberal on Economic Policy Score 42%
2002 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 39%
2002 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 25%
2002 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 25%
2001-2002 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 10%
2001-2002 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 10%
2001-2002 People for the American Way - Positions 0%
2001-2002 People for the American Way - Positions 0%
2001-2002 Radical Middle - Positions 10%
2001 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 5%
2001 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 5%
2001 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 0%
2001 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 6%
2001 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 6%
2001 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 20%
2001 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 29%
2000 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 10%
2000 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 7%
2000 National Journal - Liberal on Economic Policy Score 33%
2000 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 25%
2000 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 35%
2000 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 45%
2000 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 45%
1999 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 10%
1999 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 10%
1999 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 14%
1999 National Journal - Liberal on Economic Policy Score 0%
1999 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 37%
1999 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 27%
1999 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 27%
1998 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 20%
1998 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 20%
1998 National Journal - Liberal on Economic Policy Score 26%
1998 National Journal - Liberal on Defense/Foreign Policy Score 7%
1998 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 38%
1998 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 50%
1998 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 50%
1997-1998 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 10%
1997-1998 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 10%
1997 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 15%
1997 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 15%
1997 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 0%
1996 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 10%
1996 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 10%
1996 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 0%
1996 National Journal - Liberal on Economic Policy Score 0%
1996 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 35%
1996 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign\Defense Policy 57%
1996 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 27%
1996 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 27%
1995-1996 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 5%
1995-1996 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 5%
1995 The Libertarian Party - Positions 20%
1995 The Libertarian Party - Positions 50%
1995 The Libertarian Party - Positions 80%

Marriage, Family, and Children

2003 American Humane Association - Positions 11%
2003 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 100%
2003 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 90%
2003 Eagle Forum - Positions 92%
2003 Family Research Council - Positions 85%
2003 Population Action International - Positions 0%
2003 Population Connection - Positions 0%
2002 American Family Voices - Positions 8%
2002 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 100%
2002 Eagle Forum - Positions 86%
2002 Population Connection - Positions 22%
2001-2002 American Humane Association - Positions 0%
2001-2002 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 92%
2001-2002 Family Research Council - Positions 90%
2001 Children's Defense Fund - Positions 18%
2001 Family Research Council - Positions on Conservative Issues 90%
2001 National Youth Advocacy Coalition - Positions 0%
2001 Population Connection - Positions 20%
2000 Children's Defense Fund - Positions 30%
2000 Family Research Council - Positions 66%
2000 Population Connection - Positions 27%
1999-2000 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 73%
1999-2000 Home School Legal Defense Association - Positions 80%
1999 Children's Defense Fund - Positions 46%
1999 Population Connection - Positions 22%
1998 Children's Defense Fund - Positions 50%
1997-1998 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 80%
1997-1998 Home School Legal Defense Association - Positions 80%
1997-1998 Population Connection - Positions 0%
1997 Children's Defense Fund - Positions 56%
1997 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 100%
1997 Population Connection - Positions 0%
1996 Children's Defense Fund - Positions 0%
1996 Population Connection - Positions 0%
1995-1996 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 100%

Social

2004 The John Birch Society - Positions (Spring) 63%
2004 The John Birch Society - Positions (Spring) 63%
2003-2004 ACT! for America - Positions 100%
2003-2004 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 89%
2003 American Humane Association - Positions 11%
2003 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 20%
2003 Americans United for the Separation of Church and State - Positions 0%
2003 Bread for the World - Positions 0%
2003 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 100%
2003 Center for Reclaiming America - Positions 100%
2003 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 90%
2003 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 90%
2003 Concerned Women for America - Positions 100%
2003 Concerned Women for America - Positions 100%
2003 Eagle Forum - Positions 92%
2003 Family Research Council - Positions 85%
2003 Family Research Council - Positions 85%
2003 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 0%
2003 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 5%
2003 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 84%
2003 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 15%
2003 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 8%
2003 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 8%
2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 85
2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 85
2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 85
2003 The John Birch Society - Positions (Summer) 75%
2003 The John Birch Society - Positions (Summer) 75%
2002 American Immigration Lawyers Association - Positions 0%
2002 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 5%
2002 Americans United for the Separation of Church and State - Positions 0%
2002 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 100%
2002 Eagle Forum - Positions 86%
2002 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 57%
2002 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 39%
2002 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 25%
2002 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 25%
2002 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 79
2002 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 79
2002 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 79
2002 The John Birch Society - Positions 60%
2002 The John Birch Society - Positions 60%
2001-2002 American Bar Association - Positions 0%
2001-2002 American Humane Association - Positions 0%
2001-2002 American Muslims for Jerusalem - Positions on International Middle East Policy Advocacy +2
2001-2002 Bread for the World - Positions 33%
2001-2002 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 92%
2001-2002 Concerned Women for America - Positions 90%
2001-2002 Concerned Women for America - Positions 90%
2001-2002 Family Research Council - Positions 90%
2001-2002 Family Research Council - Positions 90%
2001-2002 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 10%
2001-2002 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 94%
2001-2002 People for the American Way - Positions 0%
2001 American Immigration Lawyers Association - Positions 50%
2001 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 5%
2001 Americans United for the Separation of Church and State - Positions 0%
2001 Children's Defense Fund - Positions 18%
2001 Family Research Council - Positions on Conservative Issues 90%
2001 Family Research Council - Positions on Conservative Issues 90%
2001 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 0%
2001 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 6%
2001 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 20%
2001 National Youth Advocacy Coalition - Positions 0%
2001 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 80%
2001 The John Birch Society - Positions 60%
2001 The John Birch Society - Positions 60%
2000 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 10%
2000 Bread for the World - Positions 0%
2000 Children's Defense Fund - Positions 30%
2000 Concerned Women for America - Positions 77%
2000 Concerned Women for America - Positions 77%
2000 Family Research Council - Positions 66%
2000 Family Research Council - Positions 66%
2000 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 33%
2000 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 7%
2000 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 64%
2000 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 35%
2000 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 45%
2000 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 45%
2000 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 80%
2000 The John Birch Society - Positions 56%
2000 The John Birch Society - Positions 56%
1999-2000 American Bar Association - Positions 25%
1999-2000 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 73%
1999-2000 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 73%
1999-2000 Home School Legal Defense Association - Positions 80%
1999-2000 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 90%
1999 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 10%
1999 Bread for the World - Positions 0%
1999 Children's Defense Fund - Positions 46%
1999 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 40%
1999 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 14%
1999 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 61%
1999 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 37%
1999 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 92%
1999 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 27%
1999 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 27%
1999 The John Birch Society - Positions 57%
1999 The John Birch Society - Positions 57%
1998 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 20%
1998 Bread for the World - Positions 100%
1998 Children's Defense Fund - Positions 50%
1998 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 38%
1998 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 50%
1998 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 50%
1998 The John Birch Society - Positions 40%
1998 The John Birch Society - Positions 40%
1997-1998 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 80%
1997-1998 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 80%
1997-1998 Concerned Women for America - Positions 50%
1997-1998 Concerned Women for America - Positions 50%
1997-1998 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 10%
1997-1998 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 89%
1997 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 15%
1997 Bread for the World - Positions 75%
1997 Children's Defense Fund - Positions 56%
1997 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 100%
1997 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 100%
1997 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 60%
1997 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 0%
1997 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 100%
1997 The John Birch Society - Positions 50%
1997 The John Birch Society - Positions 50%
1996 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 10%
1996 Bread for the World - Positions on Addressing World Hunger 17%
1996 Children's Defense Fund - Positions 0%
1996 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 0%
1996 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 35%
1996 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 62%
1996 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 100%
1996 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 27%
1996 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 27%
1995-1996 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 100%
1995-1996 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 100%
1995-1996 Concerned Women for America - Positions 100%
1995-1996 Concerned Women for America - Positions 100%
1995-1996 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 5%
1995-1996 The John Birch Society - Positions 60%
1995-1996 The John Birch Society - Positions 60%
1995 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 40%
1993 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 50%

Women

2003 American Association of University Women - Positions 20%
2003 American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists - Positions 100%
2003 Business and Professional Women USA - Positions 29%
2003 Concerned Women for America - Positions 100%
2003 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 0%
2002 American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists - Positions 100%
2001-2002 American Association of University Women - Positions 9%
2001-2002 Business and Professional Women USA - Positions 9%
2001-2002 Concerned Women for America - Positions 90%
2001-2002 Women's Action for New Directions (WAND) and-WILL - Positions 14%
2001 American Association of University Women - Positions 14%
2001 American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists - Positions 25%
2001 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 0%
2000 Concerned Women for America - Positions 77%
2000 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 7%
1999-2000 American Association of University Women - Positions 12%
1999 American Association of University Women - Positions 16%
1999 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 14%
1998 National Organization for Women - Positions 15%
1997-1998 American Association of University Women - Positions 13%
1997-1998 Concerned Women for America - Positions 50%
1997 American Association of University Women - Positions 0%
1997 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 0%
1996 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 0%
1995-1996 American Association of University Women - Positions 0%
1995-1996 Concerned Women for America - Positions 100%
1995 The Woman Activist - Positions 0%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Project Vote Smart displays all known interest group ratings for each candidate and official, regardless of issue or bias.

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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