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How To Interpret These Evaluations

Liberal

2012 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 90% 2012 National Journal - House Liberal (Composite Score) 81% 2012 National Journal - House Liberal (Foreign) 73% 2012 National Journal - House Liberal (Social) 75% 2011 National Journal - Liberal Composite Score 76% 2010 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 95% 2010 National Journal - Liberal Composite Score 75% 2010 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 78% 2009 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 90% 2009 National Journal - Composite Liberal Score 69% 2009 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 70% 2008 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 100% 2008 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 65% 2008 National Journal - Composite Liberal Score 76% 2007 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 100% 2007 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 65% 2007 National Journal - Composite Liberal Score 67.2% 2006 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 80% 2006 National Journal - Composite Liberal Score 78.7% 2006 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 80% 2005-2006 Campaign for America's Future - Energy Score 83% 2005 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 80% 2005 Hope for Peace and Justice - Positions 100 2005 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 90% 2005 National Journal - Composite Liberal Score 72% 2005 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 74% 2004 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 90% 2004 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 68% 2003-2004 Democrats for Life of America - Positions 100% 2003-2004 Radical Middle - Positions 15% 2003 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 90% 2003 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 80% 2003 National Journal - Liberal on Economic Policy Score 73% 2003 National Journal - Composite Liberal Score 68% 2003 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 66% 2002 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 80% 2002 National Journal - Composite Liberal Score 70% 2001-2002 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 85% 2001-2002 Radical Middle - Positions 55% 2001 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 85% 2001 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 83% 2001 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 67% 2000 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 75% 2000 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 58% 1999 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 90% 1998 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 95% 1998 National Journal - Liberal on Defense/Foreign Policy Score 61% 1997-1998 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 80% 1997 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 80% 1996 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 75% 1996 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign\Defense Policy 61% 1995-1996 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 90%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Project Vote Smart displays all known interest group ratings for each candidate and official, regardless of issue or bias.

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.