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Edward 'Ed' J. Markey's Ratings and Endorsements on Issue: Agriculture and Food

Office: U.S. Senate (MA) - Jr, Democratic
On The Ballot: Running, Democratic for U.S. Senate

Agriculture and Food

2014 American Farm Bureau Federation - Positions 100%
2011-2012 Food Policy Action - Positions 92%
2011 American Farm Bureau Federation - Positions 5%
2009-2010 American Farm Bureau Federation - Positions 33%
2009-2010 National Farmers Union - Positions 100%
2008 National Association of Wheat Growers - Positions 89%
2007-2008 American Farm Bureau Federation - Positions 76%
2007-2008 Grassroots Netroots Alliance - Positions 53%
2007-2008 National Farmers Union - Family Farm Advocacy Score 87
2007 National Association of Wheat Growers - Positions 88%
2007 National Council of Agricultural Employers - Positions 0%
2007 United Fresh Produce Association - Positions 100%
2005-2006 American Farm Bureau Federation - Positions 23%
2005-2006 National Farmers Union - Positions 100%
2005 National Association of Wheat Growers - Positions 37%
2005 National Council of Agricultural Employers - Positions 33%
2003-2004 National Farmers Union - Positions 100%
2002 Vote Hemp - Positions on Industrial Hemp Policy Fence Sitter
2001-2002 Minnesota Farm Bureau - Positions 0%
2001-2002 Minnesota Farm Bureau - Positions 0%
2001-2002 National Farmers Union - Positions 80%
2001 American Coalition for Ethanol - Positions 0%
2000 American Farm Bureau Federation - Positions 20%
1999-2000 National Farmers Union - Positions 92%
1998 National Farmers Union - Positions 86%
1997 National Farmers Union - Positions 43%
1996 National Farmers Union - Positions 77%
1995-1996 American Farm Bureau Federation - Positions 19%
1995 National Farmers Union - Positions 90%
1994 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Positions on Agriculture 100%
1994 National Farmers Union - Family Farm Advocacy Score 75%
1993-1994 American Farm Bureau Federation - Positions 14%
1993 National Farmers Union - Positions 67%
1991-1992 National Farmers Organization - Positions 70%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Project Vote Smart displays all known interest group ratings for each candidate and official, regardless of issue or bias.

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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