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How To Interpret These Evaluations

Liberal

2010 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 5% 2010 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 0% 2010 National Journal - Liberal Composite Score 9% 2009 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 0% 2009 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 0% 2009 National Journal - Composite Liberal Score 8% 2008 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 0% 2008 National Journal - Composite Liberal Score 13% 2008 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 8% 2007 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 0% 2007 National Journal - Composite Liberal Score 6.7% 2007 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 0% 2006 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 0% 2006 National Journal - Composite Liberal Score 10.2% 2006 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 0% 2005-2006 Campaign for America's Future - Energy Score 0% 2005 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 0% 2005 Hope for Peace and Justice - Positions 0 2005 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 5% 2005 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 0% 2005 National Journal - Composite Liberal Score 11% 2004 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 0% 2004 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 10% 2003-2004 Radical Middle - Positions 10% 2003 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 5% 2003 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 0% 2003 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 0% 2003 National Journal - Liberal on Economic Policy Score 0% 2003 National Journal - Composite Liberal Score 6% 2002 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 0% 2002 National Journal - Composite Liberal Score 8% 2001-2002 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 0% 2001-2002 Radical Middle - Positions 15% 2001 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 0% 2001 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 0% 2001 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 4% 2000 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 0% 2000 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 33% 1999 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 10% 1998 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 0% 1998 National Journal - Liberal on Defense/Foreign Policy Score 32% 1997-1998 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 5% 1997 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 0% 1996 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 0% 1996 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign\Defense Policy 36% 1995-1996 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 0%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Project Vote Smart displays all known interest group ratings for each candidate and official, regardless of issue or bias.

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.