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Sam Gejdenson's Ratings and Endorsements

Business and Consumers

2000 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 3%
2000 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 20%
1999-2000 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 5%
1999-2000 Public Citizen's Congress Watch - Positions 67%
1999-2000 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 90%
1999 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 8%
1999 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 0%
1999 Consumer Federation of America - Positions 75%
1999 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 28%
1999 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 89%
1998 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 27%
1998 Consumer Federation of America - Positions 90%
1998 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 10%
1998 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 28%
1997-1998 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 15%
1997-1998 Public Citizen's Congress Watch - Positions 79%
1997-1998 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 89%
1997 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 40%
1997 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 4%
1997 Consumer Federation of America - Positions 100%
1997 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 40%
1997 Public Citizen's Congress Watch - Positions 82%
1997 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 40%
1996 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 0%
1996 Consumer Federation of America - Positions 85%
1996 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 20%
1995-1996 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 7%
1995-1996 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 16%
1995-1996 Public Citizen's Congress Watch - Positions 80%
1995-1996 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 95%
1995 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 8%

Labor Unions

2000 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 100%
2000 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 100%
1999 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 100%
1999 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 100%
1999 Communications Workers of America - Positions 100%
1999 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 100%
1999 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 100%
1999 Transportation Communications Union - Positions 100%
1999 United Auto Workers - Positions 92%
1999 United Electrical Radio and Machine Workers - Positions 50%
1998 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 100%
1998 Communications Workers of America - Positions 100%
1998 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 100%
1998 National Farmers Union - Positions 89%
1998 Transportation Communications Union - Positions 100%
1998 United Auto Workers - Positions 100%
1997-1998 International Brotherhood of Teamsters - Positions 100%
1997 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 93%
1997 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 100%
1997 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 88%
1997 Communications Workers of America - Positions 100%
1997 National Farmers Union - Positions 50%
1997 United Auto Workers - Positions 100%
1997 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 100%
1996 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 100%
1996 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 100%
1996 Communications Workers of America - Positions on Workplace Rights 56%
1996 National Farmers Union - Positions 73%
1996 United Auto Workers - Positions on Workplace Rights 100%
1996 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 100%
1995 International Brotherhood of Teamsters - Positions 100%
1995 National Farmers Union - Positions 90%
1995 Transportation Communications Union - Positions 90%
1995 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions on Workplace Rights 100%
1994 National Farmers Union - Family Farm Advocacy Score 78%
1994 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 88%
1993 National Farmers Union - Positions 78%
1993 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions on Workplace Rights 100%
1991 American Postal Workers Union - Positions 100%
1989-1990 National Federation of Federal Employees - Positions 100%
1989 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 100%

Socially Conservative

2000 Concerned Women for America - Positions 21%
2000 Concerned Women for America - Positions 21%
1999-2000 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 0%
1999-2000 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 0%
1999-2000 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0%
1999-2000 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0%
1999 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 30%
1999 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 30%
1999 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 0%
1999 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 0%
1999 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0%
1999 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0%
1999 The John Birch Society - Positions 23%
1999 The John Birch Society - Positions 23%
1998 The John Birch Society - Positions 21%
1998 The John Birch Society - Positions 21%
1997-1998 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 7%
1997-1998 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 7%
1997-1998 Concerned Women for America - Positions 25%
1997-1998 Concerned Women for America - Positions 25%
1997-1998 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 5%
1997-1998 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 5%
1997 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 11%
1997 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 11%
1997 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 40%
1997 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 40%
1997 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 8%
1997 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 8%
1997 The John Birch Society - Positions 23%
1997 The John Birch Society - Positions 23%
1996 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 0%
1996 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 0%
1996 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0%
1996 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0%
1995-1996 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 0%
1995-1996 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 0%
1995-1996 Concerned Women for America - Positions 0%
1995-1996 Concerned Women for America - Positions 0%
1995-1996 The John Birch Society - Positions 28%
1995-1996 The John Birch Society - Positions 28%
1995 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 30%
1995 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 30%
1993 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 20%
1993 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 20%
1991-1992 Christian Voice - Positions 7%
1991-1992 Christian Voice - Positions 7%

Socially Liberal

1999 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 100%
1999 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 100%
1999 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100%
1999 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100%
1999 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 87%
1999 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 87%
1999 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 82%
1999 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 82%
1998 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 100%
1998 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 100%
1998 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 88%
1998 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 88%
1998 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 80%
1998 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 80%
1997-1998 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 95%
1997-1998 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 95%
1997 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 95%
1997 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 95%
1997 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100%
1997 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100%
1996 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 90%
1996 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 90%
1996 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100%
1996 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100%
1996 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 88%
1996 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 88%
1996 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 67%
1996 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 67%
1995-1996 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 95%
1995-1996 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 95%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Project Vote Smart displays all known interest group ratings for each candidate and official, regardless of issue or bias.

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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