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How To Interpret These Evaluations

Business and Consumers

2012 National Association of Manufacturers - Positions of 112th Congress 10% 2012 National Electrical Contractors Association - Positions 40% 2012 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 0% 2012 United States Chamber of Commerce - Lifetime Score 26% 2011-2012 American Council of Engineering Companies - Positions 67 2011-2012 Independent Electrical Contractors - Positions (House) 0% 2011-2012 National Association of Manufacturers - Positions 9% 2011-2012 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 0% 2011-2012 National Retail Federation - Positions: International Trade 0% 2011-2012 National Stone, Sand & Gravel Association - Positions 18% 2011-2012 Plumbing-Heating-Cooling Contractors-National Association - Positions 29% 2011-2012 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 7% 2011 National Electrical Contractors Association - Positions (House Only) 100% 2011 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 0% 2011 National Retail Federation - Positions 0% 2011 National Small Business Association - Positions 66% 2011 National Stone, Sand & Gravel Association - Positions 25% 2011 The National Lumber and Building Material Dealers Association - Positions 0% 2011 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 13% 2010 The National Lumber and Building Material Dealers Association - Positions 0% 2010 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 13% 2009-2010 American Council of Engineering Companies - Positions 90% 2009-2010 Associated General Contractors of America - Positions 37% 2009-2010 Independent Electrical Contractors - Positions 0% 2009-2010 International Warehouse Logistics Association - Positions 20% 2009-2010 National Association for the Self-Employed - U.S. House Score 100% 2009-2010 National Association of Manufacturers - Positions 29% 2009-2010 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 29% 2009-2010 National Retail Federation - Positions 0% 2009-2010 National Stone, Sand & Gravel Association - Positions 55% 2009-2010 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 0% 2009 Heritage Alliance - Positions 5% 2009 The National Lumber and Building Material Dealers Association - Positions 20% 2009 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 33% 2008 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 0% 2008 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 47% 2008 United States Chamber of Commerce - Lifetime Score 28% 2007-2008 American Council of Engineering Companies - Positions 55% 2007-2008 American Forest and Paper Association - Forest Products Advocacy Score 16% 2007-2008 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 0% 2007-2008 Associated General Contractors of America - Positions 62% 2007-2008 International Warehouse Logistics Association - Positions 0% 2007-2008 National Association of Manufacturers - Positions 20% 2007-2008 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 63 2007-2008 National Restaurant Association - Positions on Restaurant Advocacy 20 2007-2008 National Retail Federation - Positions Retail Industry Advocacy 0% 2007-2008 National Small Business Association - Positions 69% 2007-2008 National Stone, Sand & Gravel Association - Positions 70% 2007-2008 Plumbing-Heating-Cooling Contractors-National Association - Positions 60% 2007 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 0% 2007 TechAmerica - Positions 75% 2007 The National Lumber and Building Material Dealers Association - Positions 0% 2007 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 45% 2006 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 6% 2006 Consumer Action - Positions 0% 2006 National Stone, Sand & Gravel Association - Positions 32% 2006 State PIRGs Working Together - Positions 95% 2006 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 33% 2006 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 95% 2005-2006 American Forest and Paper Association - Positions 16% 2005-2006 Associated General Contractors of America - Positions 60% 2005-2006 International Warehouse Logistics Association - Positions 60% 2005-2006 National Association of Manufacturers - Positions 8% 2005-2006 National Electrical Contractors Association - Positions 25% 2005-2006 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 21% 2005-2006 National Restaurant Association - Positions 30% 2005-2006 National Retail Federation - Positions 38% 2005-2006 National Small Business Association - Positions 41% 2005-2006 Plumbing-Heating-Cooling Contractors-National Association - Positions 36% 2005-2006 Public Citizen's Congress Watch - Positions on Population Stabilization 88% 2005 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 14% 2005 Maryland Business for Responsive Government - Positions 22% 2005 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 20% 2005 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 17% 2005 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 37% 2004 National Association of Government Contractors - Positions 67% 2004 National Stone, Sand & Gravel Association - Positions 26% 2004 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 14% 2004 State PIRGs Working Together - Positions 95% 2004 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 22% 2004 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 95% 2003-2004 American Forest and Paper Association - Positions 11% 2003-2004 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 11% 2003-2004 Associated General Contractors of America - Positions 16% 2003-2004 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 0% 2003-2004 National Association for the Self-Employed - Positions 29% 2003-2004 National Association of Manufacturers - Positions 0% 2003-2004 National Electrical Contractors Association - Positions 23% 2003-2004 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 9% 2003-2004 National Restaurant Association - Positions 8% 2003-2004 National Retail Federation - Positions 8% 2003-2004 National Small Business Association - Positions 18% 2003-2004 Plumbing-Heating-Cooling Contractors-National Association - Positions 10% 2003-2004 Public Citizen's Congress Watch - Positions 100% 2003-2004 United States Business and Industry Council - Positions 83% 2003 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 0% 2003 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 0% 2003 Maryland Business for Responsive Government - Positions 6% 2003 National Association of Government Contractors - Positions 0% 2003 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 0% 2003 National Retail Federation - Positions 8% 2003 Public Citizen's Congress Watch - Positions 100% 2003 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 17% 2003 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 100% 2002 National Stone, Sand & Gravel Association - Positions 17% 2002 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 25% 2002 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 100% 2001-2002 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 15% 2001-2002 Associated General Contractors of America - Positions 9% 2001-2002 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 4% 2001-2002 National Association for the Self-Employed - Positions 14% 2001-2002 National Association of Manufacturers - Positions 5% 2001-2002 National Electrical Contractors Association - Positions 12% 2001-2002 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 7% 2001-2002 Plumbing-Heating-Cooling Contractors-National Association - Positions 0% 2001-2002 Public Citizen's Congress Watch - Positions 91% 2001-2002 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 0% 2001 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 11% 2001 National Stone, Sand & Gravel Association - Positions 0% 2001 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 0% 2001 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 22% 2001 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 95% 2000 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 0% 2000 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 3% 2000 Consumer Federation of America - Positions 78% 2000 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 0% 2000 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 27% 1999-2006 National Ready Mixed Concrete Association - Positions 20% 1999-2004 National Ready Mixed Concrete Association - Positions 20% 1999-2000 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 5% 1999-2000 Public Citizen's Congress Watch - Positions 93% 1999-2000 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 100% 1999 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 8% 1999 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 7% 1999 Consumer Federation of America - Positions 92% 1999 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 20% 1999 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 95% 1998 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 9% 1998 Consumer Federation of America - Positions 100% 1998 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 5% 1998 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 22% 1997-1998 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 0% 1997-1998 Public Citizen's Congress Watch - Positions 79% 1997-1998 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 95% 1997 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 0% 1997 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 7% 1997 Consumer Federation of America - Positions 83% 1997 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 0% 1997 Public Citizen's Congress Watch - Positions 73% 1997 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 30% 1996 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 0% 1996 Consumer Federation of America - Positions 85% 1996 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 29% 1995-1996 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 7% 1995-1996 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 19% 1995-1996 Public Citizen's Congress Watch - Positions 65% 1995-1996 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 68% 1995 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 8%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Project Vote Smart displays all known interest group ratings for each candidate and official, regardless of issue or bias.

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.