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How To Interpret These Evaluations

Business and Consumers

2012 National Association of Manufacturers - Positions of 112th Congress 27% 2012 National Electrical Contractors Association - Positions 60% 2012 United States Chamber of Commerce - Lifetime Score 48% 2012 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 42% 2011-2012 American Council of Engineering Companies - Positions 77 2011-2012 Independent Electrical Contractors - Positions (House) 25% 2011-2012 National Association of Manufacturers - Positions 24% 2011-2012 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 8% 2011-2012 National Retail Federation - Positions: International Trade 0% 2011-2012 National Stone, Sand & Gravel Association - Positions 38% 2011-2012 Plumbing-Heating-Cooling Contractors-National Association - Positions 40% 2011-2012 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 30% 2011 National Electrical Contractors Association - Positions (House Only) 100% 2011 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 9% 2011 National Retail Federation - Positions 14% 2011 National Small Business Association - Positions 66% 2011 National Stone, Sand & Gravel Association - Positions 25% 2011 The National Lumber and Building Material Dealers Association - Positions 20% 2011 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 31% 2010 The National Lumber and Building Material Dealers Association - Positions 50% 2010 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 38% 2009-2010 American Council of Engineering Companies - Positions 90% 2009-2010 Associated General Contractors of America - Positions 37% 2009-2010 Independent Electrical Contractors - Positions 0% 2009-2010 International Warehouse Logistics Association - Positions 20% 2009-2010 National Association for the Self-Employed - U.S. House Score 100% 2009-2010 National Association of Manufacturers - Positions 39% 2009-2010 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 29% 2009-2010 National Retail Federation - Positions 25% 2009-2010 National Stone, Sand & Gravel Association - Positions 55% 2009-2010 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 0% 2009 Heritage Alliance - Positions 5% 2009 The National Lumber and Building Material Dealers Association - Positions 20% 2009 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 40% 2008 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 67% 2008 United States Chamber of Commerce - Lifetime Score 52% 2007-2008 American Council of Engineering Companies - Positions 75% 2007-2008 American Forest and Paper Association - Forest Products Advocacy Score 33% 2007-2008 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 0% 2007-2008 Associated General Contractors of America - Positions 62% 2007-2008 International Warehouse Logistics Association - Positions 11% 2007-2008 National Association of Manufacturers - Positions 25% 2007-2008 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 60 2007-2008 National Restaurant Association - Positions on Restaurant Advocacy 40 2007-2008 National Retail Federation - Positions Retail Industry Advocacy 20% 2007-2008 National Small Business Association - Positions 69% 2007-2008 National Stone, Sand & Gravel Association - Positions 87% 2007-2008 Plumbing-Heating-Cooling Contractors-National Association - Positions 70% 2007 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 0% 2007 TechAmerica - Positions 75% 2007 The National Lumber and Building Material Dealers Association - Positions 0% 2007 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 58% 2006 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 6% 2006 Consumer Action - Positions 0% 2006 National Stone, Sand & Gravel Association - Positions 53% 2006 State PIRGs Working Together - Positions 95% 2006 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 54% 2006 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 95% 2005-2006 American Forest and Paper Association - Positions 25% 2005-2006 Associated General Contractors of America - Positions 66% 2005-2006 International Warehouse Logistics Association - Positions 66% 2005-2006 National Association of Manufacturers - Positions 22% 2005-2006 National Electrical Contractors Association - Positions 25% 2005-2006 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 33% 2005-2006 National Restaurant Association - Positions 30% 2005-2006 National Retail Federation - Positions 38% 2005-2006 National Small Business Association - Positions 40% 2005-2006 Plumbing-Heating-Cooling Contractors-National Association - Positions 40% 2005-2006 Public Citizen's Congress Watch - Positions on Population Stabilization 82% 2005 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 25% 2005 Maryland Business for Responsive Government - Positions 34% 2005 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 30% 2005 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 29% 2005 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 54% 2004 National Association of Government Contractors - Positions 100% 2004 National Stone, Sand & Gravel Association - Positions 52% 2004 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 40% 2004 State PIRGs Working Together - Positions 62% 2004 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 60% 2004 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 62% 2003-2004 American Forest and Paper Association - Positions 25% 2003-2004 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 20% 2003-2004 Associated General Contractors of America - Positions 50% 2003-2004 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 9% 2003-2004 National Association for the Self-Employed - Positions 43% 2003-2004 National Association of Manufacturers - Positions 21% 2003-2004 National Electrical Contractors Association - Positions 46% 2003-2004 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 18% 2003-2004 National Restaurant Association - Positions 25% 2003-2004 National Retail Federation - Positions 36% 2003-2004 National Small Business Association - Positions 55% 2003-2004 Plumbing-Heating-Cooling Contractors-National Association - Positions 10% 2003-2004 Public Citizen's Congress Watch - Positions 46% 2003-2004 United States Business and Industry Council - Positions 35% 2003 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 20% 2003 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 9% 2003 Maryland Business for Responsive Government - Positions 17% 2003 National Association of Government Contractors - Positions 0% 2003 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 14% 2003 National Retail Federation - Positions 36% 2003 Public Citizen's Congress Watch - Positions 100% 2003 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 36% 2003 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 90% 2002 National Stone, Sand & Gravel Association - Positions 67% 2002 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 50% 2002 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 80% 2001-2002 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 31% 2001-2002 Associated General Contractors of America - Positions 18% 2001-2002 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 9% 2001-2002 National Association for the Self-Employed - Positions 42% 2001-2002 National Association of Manufacturers - Positions 14% 2001-2002 National Electrical Contractors Association - Positions 41% 2001-2002 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 36% 2001-2002 Plumbing-Heating-Cooling Contractors-National Association - Positions 50% 2001-2002 Public Citizen's Congress Watch - Positions 82% 2001-2002 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 33% 2001 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 44% 2001 National Stone, Sand & Gravel Association - Positions 67% 2001 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 25% 2001 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 43% 2001 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 75% 2000 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 29% 2000 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 14% 2000 Consumer Federation of America - Positions 100% 2000 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 33% 2000 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 57% 1999-2006 National Ready Mixed Concrete Association - Positions 44% 1999-2004 National Ready Mixed Concrete Association - Positions 40% 1999-2000 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 21% 1999-2000 Public Citizen's Congress Watch - Positions 87% 1999-2000 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 65% 1999 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 16% 1999 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 7% 1999 Consumer Federation of America - Positions 58% 1999 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 36%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Project Vote Smart displays all known interest group ratings for each candidate and official, regardless of issue or bias.

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.